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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 463-471, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340033

RESUMO

The effect of the chemical component and microstructure, not to mention their facile modification, of the coating/wrapping carbon layer on the electrochemical performance of the Si/C composite anode in lithium ion batteries (LIBs) hasn't been actively explored although Si/C has been recognized as one of the most promising route for the high energy density LIBs. Herein we propose a novel nitrogen-plasma doping route to modify the top carbon film in an elaborately constructed layered Si/C composite anode. The electrochemical performance, e.g., the initial coulombic efficiency (CE), cycle stability and specific capacity of the composite anode is drastically improved by this plasma processing due to the increased kinetics of lithium ions. By means of the appropriate adjustment of the N doping ratio and N chemical configuration in the carbon layer through a N2/H2 plasma processing, the lithium diffusion rate in the composite anode was memorably increased as the pseudocapacitance effects promoted. The optimized Si/C composite exhibits a high capacity of 1120.7 mA h g-1 and an initial CE of 80.8% at the current of 2 A g-1 after a long cycle of 1500, increasing by ~40% of specific capacity and ~29% of the initial CE.

2.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741387

RESUMO

Soybean (Glycine max L.) is an important oil, food and economic crop in the world. High salinity severely affects the growth and yield of soybean. Overexpressing a specific anti-retroviral transcription factor by biotechnology is an effective way to cultivate new stress-tolerant varieties of soybean. TGA transcription factor is a subfamily of bZIP and plays an important role in abiotic stress responses. A TGA subfamily gene GmTGA13 was cloned and the gene expression, subcellular localization and transcriptional activity were measured. Through the Ag. tumefaciens mediated flower dip method and the Ag. rhizogenes mediated transformation of soybean hairy roots, the transgenic Arabidopsis and the 'combination' soybean plants of overexpressing GmTGA13 were obtained. The two types of transgenic plants were treated with salt stress respectively, and the related physiological indexes were determined. Furthermore, the expression levels of five abiotic stress responsive genes were analyzed in GmTGA13 overexpression hairy roots. GmTGA13 gene was highly expressed in roots and significantly induced by saline stress in soybean. GmTGA13 encoded a nuclear localization protein and had transcriptional activation activity. Overexpression of GmTGA13 enhanced the saline stress tolerance of transgenic Arabidopsis and the 'combination' soybean plants. Furthermore, overexpression of GmTGA13 enhanced the expression of the stress responsive genes in transgenic soybean hairy roots. In conclusion, overexpression of GmTGA13 is beneficial to the absorption of K+ and Ca2+ by the cell, thereby regulating the ion homeostasis in the cell balance. GmTGA13 enhanced salt resistance of plants by regulating the expression of many stress-responsive genes.

3.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741724

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the most common malignant brain tumors in adults and has high mortality and relapse rates. Over the past few years, great advances have been made in the diagnosis and treatment of GBM, but unfortunately, the five-year overall survival rate of GBM patients is approximately 5.1%. Inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase subunit epsilon (IKBKE) is a major oncogenic protein in tumors and can promote evil development of GBM. Snail1, a key inducer of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) transcription factor, is subjected to ubiquitination and degradation, but the mechanism by which Snail1 is stabilized in tumors remains unclear. Our study aimed to investigate the mechanism of IKBKE regulating Snail1 in GBM. METHODS: First, we analyzed the correlation between the expression of IKBKE and the tumor grade and prognosis through public databases and laboratory specimen libraries. Second, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and western blot were used to detect the correlation between IKBKE and Snail expression in glioma samples and cell lines. Western blot and immunofluorescence (IF) experiments were used to detect the quality and distribution of IKBKE and Snail1 proteins. Third, In situ animal model of intracranial glioma to detect the regulatory effect of IKBKE on intracranial tumors. RESULTS: In this study, Our study reveals a new connection between IKBKE and Snail1, where IKBKE can directly bind to Snail1, translocate Snail1 into the nucleus from the cytoplasm. Downregulation of IKBKE results in Snail1 destabilization and impairs the tumor cell migration and invasion capabilities. CONCLUSION: Our studies suggest that the IKBKE-Snail1 axis may serve as a potential therapeutic target for GBM treatment.

4.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(11): 940-946, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743458

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the safety and clinical efficacy of "zoning" style laminectomy by ultrasonic bone curette in patients with severe thoracic ossification of the ligamentum flavum(TOLF). Methods: The clinical data of 36 patients with severe TOLF treated by "zoning" style laminectomy at Department of Spinal Surgery,Zhengzhou Orthopaedic Hospital from October 2015 to October 2018 were respectively analyzed.There were 17 males and 19 females,aged(57.3±10.2)years(range:43 to 80 years).According to the anatomical characteristics of the thoracic ligamentum flavum and the pathological process of ossionization,each decompression segment was divided into the upper 1/3 area of the lamina,the bilateral area of the ossionum flavum,the transitional area,and the area of close contact between the ossionum flavum and the spinal cord.Different surgical strategies were used for decompression in turn.The modified Japanese Orthopedic Association (mJOA) was used to evaluate the neurological function status before and after surgery,to evaluate the surgical effect of patients,and to observe the surgical complications.Paired sample T test was used for data analysis. Results: All 36 patients successfully completed the operation,the operation time was (88.6±24.6) minutes(range:60 to 150 minutes).The intraoperative blood loss was (426.7±167.4) ml(range:250 to 800 ml).Follow-up time was (27.2±7.7) months(range:12 to 48 months).The mJOA score at the last follow-up was 9.0±1.5,which was statistically significant compared with the preoperative score 5.4±1.8 (t=13.59,P<0.01).The improvement rate of mJOA score was (65.7±22.1) %,of which 17 cases were excellent (47.2%),13 cases were good (36.1%),4 cases were normal (11.1%),2 cases were ineffective (5.6%).Ten patients had cerebrospinal fluid leakage during the separation or removal of dural ossification and were cured after a series of comprehensive conservative treatment.Two patients showed transient neurological deterioration,and the neurological function gradually recovered to the preoperative state after comprehensive treatment such as increasing the mean arterial pressure and using neurotrophic drugs.During the follow-up,no aggravation of neurological dysfunction and segmental kyphosis were found. Conclusions: The ultrasonic bone curette-assisted "zoning" style laminectomy for the treatment of severe TOLF can directly observed the position relationship between ossification of the ligamentum flavum and the spinal canal structure during the operation,and accurately guide the surgical decompression.It has the advantages of safe operation and complete decompression,which provides an important reference for the selection of clinical surgery.


Assuntos
Ligamento Amarelo , Ossificação Heterotópica , Feminino , Humanos , Laminectomia , Ligamento Amarelo/cirurgia , Masculino , Ossificação Heterotópica/cirurgia , Osteogênese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Ultrassom
5.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 1332-1338, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749478

RESUMO

Objective: To systematically understand the reform progress of disease prevention and control system in China. Methods: The literature regarding the reform of China's disease prevention and control system was searched by using the keywords including disease prevention and control, center for disease prevention and control (CDC), disease control, reform, and system from 2003 to 2020 in China CNKI, Wanfang Data knowledge service platform, VIP information and China biomedical literature database. The language is limited to Chinese. A total of 25 studies were included to analyze the information about the organizational structure, functional orientation, financing mechanism and personnel system of China's disease prevention and control system. Results: The 25 studies described the specific changes and reform suggestions of China's disease prevention and control system, including key policies (7 studies), organizational structure transformation (4 studies), institutional function transformation (7 studies), financing mechanism transformation (5 studies), personnel system reform (2 studies), and performance-based salary system reform (4 studies). Meanwhile, the reform suggestions were concluded at the top-level design system reform (two aspects), organization structure (three aspects), functioning (four aspects), and personnel guarantee mechanism (three aspects). Conclusions: This study indicates that there is a lack of empirical evidence regarding specific reform effects and content analysis at the micro level of disease prevention and control system in China. Future study should strengthen the rigorousness of study design and focus on the quantitative impacts of reform implementation in China.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde , China , Instalações de Saúde , Humanos
6.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(11): 1197-1202, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794224

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical value of pT2 gastric cancer staging pT2a and pT2b according to the depth of muscularis propria invasion in evaluating the prognosis of gastric cancer. Methods: According to the 8th edition of TNM staging system for gastric cancer proposed by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) and the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC), patients with gastric cancer who underwent radical surgery in the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 1, 2008 to January 1, 2015 were selected and divided into pT2a and pT2b stage group according to the depth of tumor invasion. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were compared between the two groups. Results: The median follow-up time of 1 411 patients with postoperative pathological pT2 stage was 68.8 months, and 1 347 patients (95.46%) received complete follow-up data. The 5-year OS rate was 65.85%, and the 5-year DFS rate was 67.83 %. The 5-year OS rate and 5-year DFS rate of 709 pT2a patients were 72.50% and 73.91%, respectively. The 5-year OS rate and 5-year DFS rate of 638 pT2b patients were 58.46% and 61.13%, respectively, significantly different from those of the pT2a group (P<0.001). Hierarchical analysis was performed according to N staging. The 5-year OS rates of pT2aN0M0 (274 cases), pT2aN1M0 (192 cases), pT2aN2M0 (147 cases), pT2aN3aM0 (59 cases) and pT2aN3bM0 (37 cases) were 83.58 %, 72.40 %, 68.71 %, 54.24 % and 35.12 %, respectively. The 5-year DFS rates were 84.67 %, 77.08 %, 67.35 %, 54.24 % and 35.14 %, respectively. In the pT2b group, the 5-year OS rates of pT2bN0M0 (209 cases), pT2bN1M0 (166 cases), pT2bN2M0 (127 cases), pT2bN3aM0 (78 cases) and pT2bN3bM0 (58 cases) were 76.08%, 62.05%, 56.69%, 37.18% and 17.24%, respectively, and the 5-year DFS rates were 80.86%, 69.28%, 54.33%, 35.90% and 15.52%, respectively. Under the same N stage, the OS rates of patients in the pT2a group were better than those in the pT2b group (P values were 0.023, 0.034, 0.034, 0.043 and 0.018, respectively). When the N stage was N0 and N1, there was no significant difference in the 5-year DFS rate between the pT2a group and the pT2b group (P values were 0.199 and 0.090, respectively). When the N stages were N2, N3a and N3b, the difference between the pT2a stage group and the pT2b stage group was statistically significant (P values were 0.027, 0.022 and 0.025, respectively). Conclusions: In the 8th edition of AJCC/UICC gastric cancer staging system, pT2 stage can be divided into pT2a stage (invasion of superficial muscularis) and pT2b stage (invasion of deep muscularis) according to the infiltration depth of muscularis propria. There are significant differences in prognosis between the two groups. Combined with the number of lymph node metastasis, the prognosis of patients with pT2 gastric cancer can be more accurately evaluated.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
8.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(11): 984-990, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823299

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the incidence and treatment of radiation rectal injury complicated with anxiety, depression and somatic symptom disorder. Methods: A cross-sectional survey research method was carried out. Patients with radiation rectal injury managed by members of the editorial board of Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery were the subjects of investigation. The inclusion criteria of the survey subjects: (1) patients suffered from pelvic tumors and received pelvic radiotherapy; (2) colonoscopy showed inflammatory reaction or ulcer in the rectum. Exclusion criteria: (1) patient had a history of psycho-somatic disease before radiotherapy; (2) patient was unable to use a smart phone, unable to read and understand the questions in the questionnaire displayed on the phone; (3) patient refused to sign an informed consent form. According to the SOMA self-rating scale, PHQ-15 self-rating scale, GAD-7 and PHQ-9 self-rating scale, the electronic questionnaire of "Psychological Survey of Radiation Proctitis" was designed. The questionnaire was sent to patients with radiation rectal injury managed by the committee through the WeChat group. Observational indicators: (1) radiation rectal injury symptom assessment: using SOMA self-rating scale, radiation rectal injury symptom classification: mild group (≤3 points), moderate group (4-6 points) and severe group (> 6 points); (2) incidence of anxiety, depression and physical disorder: using GAD-7, PHQ-9 and PHQ-15 self-rating scales respectively for assessment; (3) correlation of radiation rectal injury symptom grading with anxiety, depression, and somatic symptom disorder. Results: Seventy-one qualified questionnaires were collected, of which 41 (56.9%) were from Guangzhou. Among the 71 patients, 6 were males and 65 were females; the mean age was (55.7±9.3) years old and 48 patients (67.6%) were less than 60 years old; the median confirmed duration of radiation rectal injury was 2.0 (1.0, 5.0) years. (1) Evaluation of symptoms of radiation rectal injury: 18 cases of mild (25.4%), 27 cases of moderate (38.0%), and 26 cases of severe (36.6%). (2) Incidence of anxiety, depression and somatic disorder: 12 patients (16.9%) without comorbidities; 59 patients (83.1%) with anxiety, depression, or somatic disorder, of whom 2 patients only had anxiety, 1 patient only had depression, 9 only had somatic disorder, 2 had anxiety plus depression, 4 had anxiety plus somatic disorder, 2 had depression plus somatic disorder, and 40 had all three symptoms. (3) correlation of radiation rectal injury grading with anxiety, depression, and somatic symptom disorder: as compared to patients in mild group and moderate group, those in severe group had higher severity of anxiety and somatic symptom disorder (Z=-2.143, P=0.032; Z=-2.045, P=0.041), while there was no statistically significant difference of depression between mild group and moderate group (Z=-1.176, P=0.240). Pearson correlation analysis revealed that radiation rectal injury symptom score was positively correlated with anxiety (r=0.300, P=0.013), depression (r=0.287, P=0.015) and somatic symptom disorder (r=0.344, P=0.003). Conclusions: The incidence of anxiety, depression, and somatic symptom disorder in patients with radiation rectal injury is extremely high. It is necessary to strengthen the diagnosis and treatment of somatic symptom disorder, so as to alleviate the symptoms of patients with pelvic perineum pain and improve the quality of life.


Assuntos
Depressão , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Ansiedade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reto , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(4): 706-710, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814455

RESUMO

Objective: To assess and compare the performance of limiting-antigen avidity enzyme immunoassay (LAg-Avidity EIA) and pooling PCR in the surveillance for recent infection rates of HIV-1 in men who have sex with men (MSM). Methods: Blood samples were collected from MSM selected through snowball sampling method in sentinel surveillance in 13 prefectures of Yunnan province from 2016 to 2017. The samples were tested for HIV-1 antibody. The confirmed positive samples were tested by LAg-Avidity EIA. The negative samples were tested by pooling PCR. The recent infection rates of HIV-1 were estimated by the algorithm based on LAg-Avidity EIA and pooling PCR respectively. The two results were compared. Results: During 2016-2017, a total of 5 363 blood samples were collected from MSM, in which 407 samples were HIV-1 positive (including 177 positive tested previously) and 4 956 samples were HIV-1 negative. A total of 211 samples(91.7%) were tested by LAg-Avidity EIA, 69 were confirmed to be recent infections. A total of 4 469 samples were tested by pooling PCR, 8 were confirmed to be acute infections. The recent infection rates of HIV-1 from 2016 to 2017 estimated by LAg-Avidity EIA were 3.36% and 4.84%, and the recent infection rates estimated by pooling PCR were 3.27% and 3.02% respectively. The differences in recent infection rates of HIV-1 estimated by the two algorithms were not significant. Conclusions: The recent infection rates of HIV-1 estimated by LAg-Avidity EIA and pooling PCR in sentinel surveillance in MSM in Yunnan had good consistency from 2016 to 2017. Using the two methods might have a better stability in continuous surveillance for recent infection rates of HIV-1.


Assuntos
HIV-1 , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , China/epidemiologia , HIV-1/genética , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Técnicas Imunoenzimáticas , Masculino , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
10.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(5): 872-877, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814481

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the infection status and elimination of anal human papillomavirus (HPV) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Urumqi, Xinjiang. Methods: The sample size formula in cohort study, a dynamic cohort study method, was used, with the sample size estimated to be 712 according to the new infection rate of HPV16. With the help from non-government organzitions in Urumqi, we recruited 810 MSMs by the snowballing method, and a follow-up program was carried every six months. Anal exfoliated cells were collected to analyze HPV type 16 and 18 infection rates. For statistical analyses, Poisson regression was used to estimate the density of new infections and persistent infections. Cox proportional hazard model was used to explore the influencing factors on both new and persistent infections and the diseases' natural clearing. Results: A total of 810 MSM were recruited, and 482 MSMs with the number of follow-ups more than 2 times were included in the analysis, with the total follow-up numbers as 994.7 person-years. The median number of follow-up and follow-up times was 4 (P25,P75:3,5) times , and 2.2 (P25,P75:1.8, 2.6) years. The baseline infection rates of HPV16 and HPV18 were 8.5% (41/482) and 3.3% (16/482), respectively. And the baseline mixed infection rate of the two types was 0.6% (3/482). The first new infection densities of HPV16 and HPV18 were 10.06 (95%CI:8.12-12.45)/100 person-years and 5.24 (95%CI:3.95-6.96)/100 person-years. The rate of natural infection clearance of HPV16 and HPV18 were 71.2% (89/125) and 71.8% (46/64), respectively. The natural clearance rate of HPV18 after 1.5 years follow-up was higher than HPV16 (97.7% vs. 94.1%). The persistent infection rate of HPV16 and HPV18 were 4.5% (20/441) and 1.7% (8/466), respectively. The risk of persistent HPV16 infection among unmarried subjects was lower than that of married subjects (aHR=0.29,95%CI:0.12-0.71). The natural clearance rate of HPV18 without condom use in anal intercourse in the last six months was 2.63 times higher than that of condom use (95%CI:1.08-6.42). Conclusions: HPV16 and 18 new infections are more common among MSM in Urumqi, and the natural clearance rate is higher. Compared with HPV18, HPV16 has a higher density of new and persistent infections, a low natural clearance rate, and a greater risk of the diseases.


Assuntos
Alphapapillomavirus , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Estudos de Coortes , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
11.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(5): 878-885, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814482

RESUMO

Objective: Analyze epidemiological situation of dengue fever,and survey impacts of four serotypes dengue viruses in Guangzhou, 2019. Methods: Information of patients was collected in Notifiable Infectious Disease Report System (NIDRS). Spatial autocorrelation of dengue cases was evaluated using ArcGIS version 10.2. Serum samples were tested by real-time PCR. Virus strains were isolated from positive sera. Then E gene was sequenced. Phylogenetic trees were including PhyMLsoftwarev 3.1. Results: A total of 1 655 dengue cases, consisted of 1 382 local cases and 273 imported cases, was confirmed in 2019. The incidence was 11.10 per 100 000 dengue cases were autocorrelated in Guangzhou. There were 18 high-high clusters. Most of the imported dengue cases were imported from Southeast Asian countries (86.08%,235/273) and African countries (2.56%,7/273). Of 749 serum samples detected by real-time PCR, the positive rate was 93.06% (697/749). Four hundred and sixty-four dengue virus strains had been isolated in 2019. Compared with data from the genotype tree of the former years, no genotype shift was discovered. Serotype 1 was still predominant. Serotype 2 was the significant strain in Baiyun district and Liwan district. Conclusions: Dengue fever was spreading all over Guangzhou in 2019. The suburban areas, which played a more critical role in causing the spread and outbreak of dengue fever, should be given more prominence. Inspection at ports should be enforced to prevent importing cases from African countries and Southeast Asian countries. The risk of serotype 2 cannot be overlooked. Four serotypes dengue viruses prevailed simultaneously in Guangzhou, which warns us to take precaution of severe dengue outbreaks.


Assuntos
Vírus da Dengue , Dengue , China/epidemiologia , Dengue/epidemiologia , Vírus da Dengue/genética , Surtos de Doenças , Genótipo , Humanos , Epidemiologia Molecular , Filogenia , Sorogrupo , Análise Espacial
12.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(5): 891-897, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814484

RESUMO

Objective: To isolate the influenza A (H3N2) viruses from different sources in Guangzhou in 2019 and analyze these viruses' evolution and variation characteristics. Methods: The hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) genes of H3N2 isolates from outpatient monitoring, influenza outbreaks, and inpatient severe cases in Guangzhou in 2019 were sequenced. Bioinformatics software analyzed the variations and evolution characteristics of HA and NA genes. Results: The epidemic peaks of influenza A (H3N2) viruses were made up of period Ⅰ (from January to August) and period Ⅱ (from November to December). The positive rate of influenza A (H3N2) in males was 13.46% (703/5 221), which was higher than that in females (11.50%, 510/4 435) (χ2=8.43,P=0.00). The group's positive rate of 10-20 years old was the highest (25.18%,665/2 641). The isolates from different sources were highly homologous and closely related to 3C.2a.1 branches, which could be further divided into three small groups of Group 1-3. Gene recombination was observed between different branches. The mutations of HA antigen sites gradually appeared from Group 1 to Group 3, leading to new antigen drift. Variations of HA antigenic sites mainly occurred in the region of A and B. The mutations of receptor binding sites of Group 1 and Group 3 viruses occurred in the anterior and posterior walls. There were two glycosylation sites lacked on region A of HA antigen observed in the isolates of Group 2-3. Conclusions: Genetic variations of H3N2 influenza viruses in Guangzhou included gene mutations and gene recombination. Under the pressure of the vaccine, the evolution of viruses was rapid. Therefore, the monitoring of molecular-related epidemic characteristics of the H3N2 influenza virus was necessary.


Assuntos
Epidemias , Vírus da Influenza A , Influenza Humana , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Glicoproteínas de Hemaglutininação de Vírus da Influenza/genética , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2/genética , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Masculino , Neuraminidase/genética , Filogenia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(6): 1012-1017, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814499

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the epidemiological and genotypic characteristics of imported cases of measles virus of D8 genotype in Hebei province. Methods: Epidemiological investigation of measles cases in surveillance was carried out. The throat swabs of the measles cases in acute phase were collected for real time RT-PCR identification, measles virus culture and genotype identification. Results: A total of 36 imported measles cases of genotype D8 were detected. The cases were mainly distributed in 8 counties of Handan city. Number of confirmed measles cases in Cheng'an county was the highest, accounting for 58.33% (21/36) of all the reported cases. All patients had fever and rash, and 55.55% (20/36) of the cases were under 2 years old and 86.11% (31/36) of the cases had no immunization history. The children with pneumonia accounted for 44.12% (15/34) of the total children with D8 genotype measles virus infection. The nucleotide and amino acid homologies between the imported measles virus genotype D8 and the WHO reference strain of D8 genotype (D8-Manchester.UNK/30.94) were 98.4%-98.6% and 97.3%, respectively. Compared with the strains of H1 genotype in China, the nucleotide and amino acid homologies were 92.8%-93.1% and 93.3%, respectively. Conclusions: The imported cases of measles virus of D8 genotype might have caused local transmission in Hebei province. Molecular epidemiological surveillance for measles virus needs to be further strengthened. It is necessary to detect and control the epidemic early and improve the coverage rate and timely rate of measles vaccination. It is also important to prevent cross infection in hospitals.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar , Sarampo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Genótipo , Humanos , Sarampo/epidemiologia , Vírus do Sarampo/genética , Filogenia
14.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(6): 1061-1066, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814507

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the seroprevalence of hepatitis B in Guangzhou in 2008 and 2018. Methods: According to the proportion of Guangzhou population size, two-stage cluster sampling was used to select the residents aged 1-59 years in the two surveys. Results: 4 989 and 3 980 people aged 1-59 years were involved in 2008 and 2018, respectively. HBsAg prevalence was 9.50% (95%CI:7.34%-11.66%) in 2018 and 12.45% (95%CI:10.58%-14.33%) in 2008 among the people aged 1-59 years, with no significant difference statistically (χ2=18.302, P=0.075). The decrease of HBsAg prevalence was mainly in the population aged 7-16 years. For the people aged 7-16 years, the HBsAg prevalence was 0.88% (95%CI: 0.35%-1.42%) in 2018 and decreased by 80.62% as compared with the rate 4.54% (95%CI:2.71%-6.36%) in 2008, with statistically significant difference (χ2=34.144,P=0.000). Anti-HBs prevalence was 72.30% (95%CI:69.56%-75.04%) in 2018 and ascended by 11.35% as compared with the rate of 64.93% (95%CI:61.65 %-68.22%) in 2008 among the people aged 1-59 years, with statistically significant difference (χ2=51.618, P=0.001). The rise of anti-HBs prevalence was mainly in the population aged 17-59 years. For the people aged 17-59 years, the anti-HBs prevalence was 71.93% (95%CI: 68.90%-74.96%) and risen by 12.80% as compared with the rate of 63.77% (95%CI: 60.16%-67.37%) in 2008, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=28.422, P=0.001). HBV infection rate was 48.10% (95%CI: 43.20%-53.00%) in 2018 and decreased by 22.76% as compared with the rate of 62.27% (95%CI: 59.11%-65.44%) in 2008, with statistically significant difference (χ2=167.138, P=0.000). The HBV infection rates in the population aged 1-6 years, 7-16 years, and 17-59 years were 4.58%, 5.13%, and 56.56% (a decrease of 81.83%, 85.91%, and 18.47%), respectively. The infection rate of HBV was 48.87% (a decrease of 24.70%) in high epidemic areas and 28.81% (a decrease of 38.75%) in people with a history of hepatitis B immunization. Conclusion: The prevention and control of hepatitis B in Guangzhou have achieved remarkable results it already reached the national goal of reducing HBsAg prevalence to less than 1% among children under five years since 2008. However, the target goal of reducing the hepatitis B mortality rate is quite demanding. The neonatal hepatitis B vaccination and monitoring and screening in adults are still needed.


Assuntos
Hepatite B , Pré-Escolar , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite B , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Humanos , Prevalência , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 1482-1486, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814571

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate the proportion of MSM among males over 15 years old and analyze its related factors to provide a reference for estimation of MSM size. Methods: Using cross-sectional survey design, multi-stage sampling method, and street interception survey method, a survey was conducted on males over 15 years old in Kunming from October to December 2019, with an estimated sample size of 9 908. Results: Totally, 10 707 males were recruited from 30 sites in 5 counties, and 10 283 were effectively surveyed with a response rate of 96.0%. Respondents aged 16 to 40 accounted for 75.3% (7 748), senior high school or above 71.1% (7 312), and unmarried 49.8% (5 121). The proportion of homosexual behavior in the past half-year was 1.06% (95%CI: 0.86%-1.26%), and the age-adjusted rate was 0.97% (95%CI: 0.78%-1.16%). And multivariate logistic regression showed the associated factors for homosexual behavior as following: proportion of main urban area was 2.217 times (95%CI:1.004-4.895) that of the outer suburbs, registered residence outside Kunming was 0.421 times (95%CI:0.260-0.682) that of in Kunming, having been in Kunming ≤6 months was 2.282 times (95%CI:1.262-4.126) that of >6 months, senior middle school or above was 0.336 times (95%CI:0.228-0.495) that of junior middle school and below, and being married was 0.462 times (95%CI:0.303-0.705) that of unmarried. Conclusions: The proportion of over 15-year-old males who have recently practiced male-male behavior was close to 1.00% in Kunming. The relevant factors included survey areas with a permanent residency of Kumming, short-time residency, education level, and marital status. This study obtained the data and related factors, which provided a reference for estimating MSM size in Yunnan province.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adolescente , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Sexual , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Cell Tissue Res ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816281

RESUMO

In vertebrates, melatonin is mainly synthesized from serotonin in the pineal gland. Many reports have documented that melatonin is also synthesized in the extra-pineal tissues, but the synthesis of melatonin in the corpus luteum (CL) of pregnant sows has never been studied. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the expression of melatonin-synthesizing enzymes, arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (AANAT) and acetylserotonin O-methyltransferase (ASMT), in the CL of sows during pregnancy and to investigate the synthesis of melatonin in luteal cells. Results showed that AANAT and ASMT were both expressed in the CL of sows during pregnancy, higher levels were observed in the early- and mid-stage CL, and the lowest abundance was found in the regressing CL (later-stage). The immunostaining for AANAT and ASMT was predominantly localized in the large luteal cells of porcine CL during pregnancy. Furthermore, melatonin was synthesized in luteal cells from serotonin in a dose- and time-dependent manner. And the expressions of AANAT and ASMT were upregulated by serotonin in luteal cells. In addition, progesterone (P4) secretion and cell viability were promoted in luteal cells treated with serotonin, and the stimulatory effects were blocked by luzindole (a non-selective MT1 and MT2 antagonist). Finally, the expressions of MT1 and MT2 were augmented by serotonin in luteal cells. In conclusion, this study demonstrates for the first time the developmental expression of AANAT and ASMT in the CL and a local synthesis of melatonin in luteal cells of pregnant sows, and suggests a paracrine and/or autocrine role for melatonin in luteal function.

18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(11): 1989-1993, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818845

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the incidence of HIV infections and associated factors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Jiangsu province. Methods: Based on national AIDS sentinel surveillance in 2019, MSM from 13 cities in Jiangsu were recruited for questionnaire interview and laboratory testing during April to July, 2019. Seropositive samples were tested with Limiting-antigen avidity enzyme immunoassay to detect recent HIV infections. The incidence of HIV infection in MSM were calculated according to the formula and parameters from China CDC. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with recent infection of HIV. Results: A total of 4 469 MSM were subjects and the incidence of HIV infection were 4.5% (95%CI: 3.4%-5.5%).Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that compared with these aged ≥40 years, recruitment ways from MSM venues, awareness of AIDS knowledge, non-unprotected anal sex in the past 6 months and non-syphilis infection, those who aged 18-24 years (aOR=2.083,95%CI:1.087-3.990), recruitment ways from VCT clinics (aOR=2.125,95%CI:1.175-3.843), unawareness of AIDS knowledge (aOR=2.456,95%CI:1.109-5.437), unprotected anal sex in the past 6 months (aOR=3.553,95%CI:2.143-5.889) and syphilis infection (aOR=2.414,95%CI:1.033-5.462) were higher risk of HIV infection. Conclusion: The new infection rates of HIV were high in MSM in Jiangsu province. Health education, condom use and HIV/syphilis screening promotions should therefore be top priority in the prevention and control of HIV infection in MSM.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Sífilis , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Sexual , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sífilis/epidemiologia
19.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(11): 1080-1084, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763402

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of cone-beam CT (CBCT) in evaluating the thickness of cortical bone in jaw bone. Methods: Sixty patients [twenty-three for males and forty-seven for females, at an average age of (43.8±1.7) years] from Center of Stomatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of USTC & Anhui Provincial Hospital with 63 operational regions were included in the present study. Totally 63 bone sections from these areas were all selected at last. Case Viewer and oral dynamic system were used for the measurements in sections and CBCT graphs of the cortical bone thicknesses at alveolar ridges. Paired samples t test was performed to compare the difference between CBCT measurement and Case Viewer measurement. Results: The cortical bone thicknesses measured by Case Viewer were (1.20±0.75), (0.68±0.46) and (1.48±0.77) mm in the posterior, maxillary posterior and mandibular posterior areas, respectively. The cortical bone thicknesses measured by dynamic navigation software were (1.14±0.77), (0.64±0.24) and (1.41±0.83) mm in the posterior, maxillary posterior and mandibular posterior areas, respectively. There were no significant differences between either the two methods or the different areas (P>0.05). Conclusions: CBCT would be a useful equipment for the analysis of cortical bone thickness with a reliable and convincible accuracy.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Mandíbula , Adulto , Osso Cortical/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(10): 1040-1044, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619901

RESUMO

Mussle foot protein has a main component which is named dopa. Dopa can be used to promote a relatively firm adhesion of mussels to the surface of solid materials through forming dihydrogen bonds, π-π/π-cation bonds and chelating metals,etc. To exploit these interactions, there is the opportunity to apply dopa-inspired compounds to improve the dentin-resin bonding. The current review provides valuable information concerning the mechanism of adhesion mediated by mussel foot protein and describes the application of dopa-inspired compounds in the dentin-resin bonding. The article provides novel information for future research in optimization of the properties of dentin-resin bonding.


Assuntos
Dentina , Di-Hidroxifenilalanina
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