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1.
Environ Res ; 184: 109392, 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209499

RESUMO

The accelerated development and application of graphene-family nanomaterials (GFNs) have increased their release to various environments and converged in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). However, little is known about the interactions between GFNs and microbes in WWTPs. In this study, the interaction of graphene oxide (GO) or graphene (G) at different concentrations with microbial communities in sequential batch reactors was investigated. Transmission electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy analyses showed that the structures of GFNs were obviously changed, which suggested GFNs could be degraded by some microbes. Significantly higher DNA concentration and lower cell number in high-concentration GO group were detected by DNA leakage test and qPCR analysis, which confirmed the microbial toxicity of GO. The chemical oxygen demand and ammonia nitrogen removals were significantly affected by G and GO with high concentrations. Further, high-throughput sequencing confirmed the composition and dynamic changes of microbial communities under GFNs exposure. Saccharibacteria genera incertae sedis (12.55-28.05%) and Nakamurella (20.45-29.30%) were the predominant genera at two stages, respectively. FAPROTAX suggested 12 functional groups with obvious changes related to the biogeochemical cycle of C, N and S. Molecular ecological network analysis showed that the networks were more complex in the presence of GFNs, and the increased negative interactions reflected more competition relationships in microbial communities. This study is the first to report the effect of GFNs on network of microbial communities, which provides in-depth insights into the complex and highlights concerns regarding the risk of GFNs to WWTPs.

2.
Environ Res ; 183: 109145, 2020 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035407

RESUMO

To investigate the influence of antibiotics on microbial interactions in a biofilm community, we set up eight replicate reactors of microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) and applied a broad-spectrum antibiotic florfenical (FLO) as an environmental disturbance. According to the results, exposure to FLO resulted in degradation of reactor performance. The MEC could also rebound back to the comparably stable state at a certain time which exhibited a great resilience ability in response to antibiotic disturbance. The FLO perturbation showed a significant influence on the electroactive biofilms (EABs) with a distinct reformation of the community structure. Network analysis revealed that microbial interactions in the biofilms after full recovery became much closer, with a rapid increase in the positive interactions between the predominant genus Geobacter and other microorganisms as compared to the stage before FLO disturbance. Moreover, the keystone species in the networks after full recovery possessed more connections between Geobacter and potential synergistic species. Our results demonstrated that FLO, with broad-spectrum antibacterial ability, could restructure the EABs with more positive interactions for hydrogen production. This study demonstrated the response mechanisms of the MECs to the antibiotic disturbance, providing a scientific reference for the rapid development of this biotechnology to treat wastewater containing antibiotics.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031697

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A previous study reported a novel c.544_618del75bp mutation in exon 7 of the PRPF31 gene in a Chinese family with autosomal dominant retinal pigmentosa (ADRP). However, the selected pedigree was a small part of the whole family and the function of the c.544_618del75bp mutation was not explored deeply. The aim of the present study was to validate the previous results and explore the functional significance of the c.544_618del75bp mutation. METHODS: We extended the size of the ADRP pedigree and sequenced DNA and cDNA of the PRPF31 gene for all members of the family and 100 healthy controls. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis was performed on the cDNA of patients in the family and cell culture, plasmids transfection and western blot analysis were done to evaluate the functional effect of the mutation in vitro. RESULTS: Sanger sequencing showed that the mutation was present in all patients and absent in all normal individuals, except for participant III-9. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that the c.544_618del75bp mutation caused a 25 amino acid deletion in the PRPF31 protein. In addition, the mRNA expression assay revealed that the mRNA expression level of the PRPF31 and RP9 genes were significantly lower in RP patients than controls (p < 0.05). Finally, the in vitro transfection assay demonstrated that the mRNA expression level of the mutant transfection group was significantly lower than the wild-type transfection group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that the c.544_618del75bp mutation in the PRPF31 gene was a causative mutation in this ADRP family and affected the expression of RP9 gene by influencing the formation of U4/U6-U5 tri-snRNP, eventually leading to the occurrence of RP.

4.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 20(1): 170-184, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599091

RESUMO

With the continual improvement in high-throughput sequencing technology and constant updates to fungal reference databases, the use of amplicon-based DNA markers as a tool to reveal fungal diversity and composition in various ecosystems has become feasible. However, both primer selection and the experimental procedure require meticulous verification. Here, we computationally and experimentally evaluated the accuracy and specificity of three widely used or newly designed internal transcribed spacer (ITS) primer sets (ITS1F/ITS2, gITS7/ITS4 and 5.8S-Fun/ITS4-Fun). In silico evaluation revealed that primer coverage varied at different taxonomic levels due to differences in degeneracy and the location of primer sets. Using even and staggered mock community standards, we identified different proportions of chimeric and mismatch reads generated by different primer sets, as well as great variation in species abundances, suggesting that primer selection would affect the results of amplicon-based metabarcoding studies. Choosing proofreading and high-fidelity polymerase (KAPA HiFi) could significantly reduce the percentage of chimeric and mismatch sequences, further reducing inflation of operational taxonomic units. Moreover, for two types of environmental fungal communities, plant endophytic and soil fungi, it was demonstrated that the three primer sets could not reach a consensus on fungal community composition or diversity, and that primer selection, not experimental treatment, determines observed soil fungal community diversity and composition. Future DNA marker surveys should pay greater attention to potential primer effects and improve the experimental scheme to increase credibility and accuracy.

5.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(10): 1015-1018, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598949

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To carry out genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis for a family affected with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). METHODS: Multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to detect potential deletion and duplication of the Dystrophin gene. Haplotype analysis was performed using five short tandem repeat polymorphism loci (3'-STR, 5'-STR, 45-STR, 49-STR, 50-STR of the DMD gene. RESULTS: A same deletional mutation (exons 51-55) of the DMD gene was detected in two brothers but not in their mother. The patients and fetus have inherited different haplotypes of the Dystrophin gene from their mother, suggesting that the fetus was unaffected. CONCLUSION: The mother was very likely to harbor germline mosaicism for the Dystrophin gene variant. Genetic testing of peripheral blood samples cannot rule out germline mosaicism in the mother. Prenatal diagnosis should be provided for subsequent pregnancies in this family.


Assuntos
Distrofina/genética , Deleção de Genes , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Mosaicismo , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/genética , Éxons , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal
6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(8): 785-788, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To carry out genetic diagnosis for a pedigree affected with cutis laxa. METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples from members of the pedigree and 50 unrelated healthy controls. Potential mutation was screened by next-generation sequencing and verified by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: A heterozygous c.1985delG mutation was identified in the ELN gene among all patients from this pedigree. The same mutation was not found among unaffected family members and 50 healthy controls. CONCLUSION: The genetic etiology for the pedigree has been elucidated, which has enabled genetic counseling and guidance for reproduction.


Assuntos
Cútis Laxa/genética , Elastina/genética , Mutação , Heterozigoto , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Linhagem
7.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 7417561, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31205589

RESUMO

Both c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) play important roles in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Our previous studies suggest that N-n-butyl haloperidol iodide (F2) exerts cardioprotection by reducing ROS production and JNK activation caused by I/R. In this study, we hypothesized that there is a JNK/Sab/Src/ROS pathway in the mitochondria in H9c2 cells following hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) that induces oxidative stress in the mitochondria and that F2 exerts mitochondrial protective effects during H/R injury by modulating this pathway. The results showed that H/R induced higher-level ROS in the cytoplasm on the one hand and JNK activation and translocation to the mitochondria by colocalization with Sab on the other. Moreover, H/R resulted in mitochondrial Src dephosphorylation, and subsequently, oxidative stress evidenced by the increase in ROS generation and oxidized cardiolipin in the mitochondrial membranes and by the decrease in mitochondrial superoxide dismutase activity and membrane potential. Furthermore, treatment with a JNK inhibitor or Sab small interfering RNA inhibited the mitochondrial translocation of p-JNK, decreased colocalization of p-JNK and Sab on the mitochondria, and reduced Src dephosphorylation and mitochondrial oxidative stress during H/R. In addition, Src dephosphorylation by inhibitor PP2 increased mitochondrial ROS production. F2, like inhibitors of the JNK/Sab/Src/ROS pathway, downregulated the H/R-induced mitochondrial translocation of p-JNK and the colocalization of p-JNK and Sab on the mitochondria, increased Src phosphorylation, and alleviated the above-mentioned mitochondrial oxidative stress. In conclusion, F2 could ameliorate H/R-associated oxidative stress in mitochondria in H9c2 cells through the mitochondrial JNK/Sab/Src/ROS pathway.


Assuntos
Haloperidol/análogos & derivados , Hipóxia/fisiopatologia , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Haloperidol/farmacologia , Oxigenação Hiperbárica , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Ratos , Quinases da Família src/metabolismo
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 661: 178-186, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30669050

RESUMO

The underlying dynamics of microbial (bacteria and archaea) communities ecologically responding to an applied potential are critical to achieving the goal of enhancing bioenergy recovery but are not sufficiently understood. We built a MEC-AD mode that increased methane production rate by several times (max. 3.8 times) during the startup period compared to control AD, changed the absence or presence of external voltage to provide the pre-, dur-, and post- samples for microbial analysis. From a time and spatially dependent community analysis of electrode-respiring bacteria and methanogens, the corresponding Geobacter developed under the influence of external voltage, pairing with methanogens in the anodic and cathodic biofilm to generate methane. Additionally, at the cathode, the Alkaliphilus (basophilic bacteria) also correspondingly shifted alongside the change of external voltage. The mcrA sequencing confirmed a change in the dominant microbe from acetoclastic (mostly Methanosarcina mazei LYC) to hydrogenotrophic methanogens (mostly basophilic Methanobacterium alcaliphilum) at the cathode with 0.8 V voltage. Overall, the external voltage not only enriched the functional microbes including electrogens and methanogens but also indirectly shifted the composition of the bacterial and archaeal community via disturbing the pH condition. The predictive functional profiling indicated that the cathodic methanogenesis principally followed the metabolism pathway of the hydrogenotrophic methanogens, suggesting the F420 co-enzyme could be the key mediate for electron transfer. All data suggested that the electric stimulation would change and maintain the micro-environmental conditions to shift the bacterial/archaeal community.


Assuntos
Archaea/fisiologia , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Metano/metabolismo , Microbiota , Archaea/classificação , Archaea/enzimologia , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/enzimologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/análise , Enzimas de Restrição do DNA/análise , Eletrodos , RNA Arqueal/análise , RNA Bacteriano/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/análise
9.
Environ Sci Technol ; 53(3): 1315-1324, 2019 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30615833

RESUMO

Community assembly process (determinism vs stochasticity) determines the composition and diversity of a microbial community, and then shapes its functions. Understanding this complex process and its relationship to the community functions becomes a very important task for the applications of microbial biotechnology. In this study, we applied microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) with moderate species numbers and easily tractable functions as a model ecosystem, and constructed a series of biofilm communities with gradient biodiversity to examine the roles of community assembly in determining microbial community structure and functions. After stable biofilms formed, the best MEC reactor performances (e.g., gas productivity, total energy efficiency) were achieved in the group in which biofilms had the second highest α-diversity, and biofilms with even lower diversity showed declining performance. Null model analyses indicated that both deterministic and stochastic assembly played roles in the formation of biofilm communities. When deterministic assembly dominates this formation, the higher diversity of the biofilm community would generally show better reactor performance. However, when the stochasticity dominates the assembly process, the bioreactor performance would decline. This study provides novel evidence that the assembly mechanism could be one of the key processes to shift the functions, and proposes an important guidance for selecting the most efficient microorganisms for environmental biotechnologies.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Ecossistema , Biodiversidade , Biofilmes
10.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 5(2): 1700645, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29610727

RESUMO

Double layer distribution exists in Cu2SnZnSe4 (CZTSe) thin films prepared by selenizing the metallic precursors, which will degrade the back contact of Mo substrate to absorber layer and thus suppressing the performance of solar cell. In this work, the double-layer distribution of CZTSe film is eliminated entirely and the formation of MoSe2 interfacial layer is inhibited successfully. CZTSe film is prepared by selenizing the precursor deposited by electrodeposition method under Se and SnSe x mixed atmosphere. It is found that the insufficient reaction between ZnSe and Cu-Sn-Se phases in the bottom of the film is the reason why the double layer distribution of CZTSe film is formed. By increasing Sn content in the metallic precursor, thus making up the loss of Sn because of the decomposition of CZTSe and facilitate the diffusion of liquid Cu2Se, the double layer distribution is eliminated entirely. The crystallization of the formed thin film is dense and the grains go through the entire film without voids. And there is no obvious MoSe2 layer formed between CZTSe and Mo. As a consequence, the series resistance of the solar cell reduces significantly to 0.14 Ω cm2 and a CZTSe solar cell with efficiency of 7.2% is fabricated.

11.
Water Res ; 136: 192-199, 2018 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29510338

RESUMO

Cathodic methanogenesis is a promising method for accelerating and stabilising bioenergy recovery in anaerobic processes. The change in composition of microbial (especially methanogenic) communities in response to an applied potential-and especially the associated pH gradient-is critical for achieving this goal, but is not well understood in cathodic biofilms. We found here that the pH-polarised region in the 2 mm surrounding the cathode ranged from 6.9 to 10.1, as determined using a pH microsensor; this substantially affected methane production rate as well as microbial community structure. Miseq sequencing data of a highly conserved region of the mcrA gene revealed a dramatic variation in alpha diversity of methanogens concentrated in electrode biofilms under the applied potential, and confirmed that the dominant microbes at the cathode were hydrogenotrophic methanogens (mostly basophilic Methanobacterium alcaliphilum). These results indicate that regional pH variation in the microenvironment surrounding the electrode is an ecological niche enriched with Methanobacterium.


Assuntos
Proteínas Arqueais/genética , Enzimas de Restrição do DNA/genética , Metano/biossíntese , Methanobacterium/metabolismo , Proteínas Arqueais/metabolismo , Enzimas de Restrição do DNA/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Methanobacterium/enzimologia , Methanobacterium/genética
12.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 19, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29422863

RESUMO

Early growth response-1 (Egr-1), a transcription factor which often underlies the molecular basis of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, and oxidative stress, is key to myocardial I/R injury. Silent information regulator of transcription 1(SIRT1) not only interacts with and is inhibited by Egr-1, but also downregulates reactive oxygen species (ROS) via the Forkhead box O1(FOXO1)/manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) signaling pathway. N-n-butyl haloperidol iodide (F2), a new patented compound, protects the myocardium against myocardial I/R injury in various animal I/R models in vivo and various heart-derived cell hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) models in vitro. In addition, F2 can regulate the abnormal ROS/Egr-1 signaling pathway in cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) and H9c2 cells after H/R. We studied whether there is an inverse Egr-1/ROS signaling pathway in H9c2 cells and whether the SIRT1/FOXO1/Mn-SOD signaling pathway mediates this. We verified a ROS/Egr-1 signaling loop in H9c2 cells during H/R and that F2 protects against myocardial H/R injury by affecting SIRT1-related signaling pathways. Knockdown of Egr-1, by siRNA interference, reduced ROS generation, and alleviated oxidative stress injury induced by H/R, as shown by upregulated mitochondrial membrane potential, increased glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px) and total SOD anti-oxidative enzyme activity, and downregulated MDA. Decreases in FOXO1 protein expression and Mn-SOD activity occurred after H/R, but could be blocked by Egr-1 siRNA. F2 treatment attenuated H/R-induced Egr-1 expression, ROS generation and other forms of oxidative stress injury such as MDA, and prevented H/R-induced decreases in FOXO1 and Mn-SOD activity. Nuclear co-localization between Egr-1 and SIRT1 was increased by H/R and decreased by either Egr-1 siRNA or F2. Therefore, our results suggest that Egr-1 inhibits the SIRT1/FOXO1/Mn-SOD antioxidant signaling pathway to increase ROS and perpetuate I/R injury. F2 inhibits induction of Egr-1 by H/R, thereby activating SIRT1/FOXO1/Mn-SOD antioxidant signaling and decreasing H/R-induced ROS, demonstrating an important mechanism by which F2 protects against myocardial H/R injury.

13.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 41(3): 359-367, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29188359

RESUMO

A green and eco-friendly method for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) was developed using the cell-free extracts of a yeast strain Magnusiomyces ingens LH-F1. UV-vis spectra showed a distinct absorption band at ~ 540 nm, corresponding to the surface plasmon resonance of AuNPs. Transmission electron microscopy images revealed that the shapes of AuNPs were almost spherical and pseudo-spherical. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analyses suggested that some proteins containing amino- and carboxyl-groups in the cell-free extracts were absorbed on the surface of nanoparticles, which could act as reducing and capping agents for AuNPs synthesis. Furthermore, with the concentration of cell-free extracts increasing from 25 to 200 mg L-1, the average size of AuNPs decreased from 28.3 to 20.3 nm. Meanwhile, the morphology became more uniform with less irregular shapes. In addition, the as-synthesized AuNPs showed an excellent catalytic activity for nitrophenols reduction (i.e., 4-nitrophenol, 3-nitrophenol and 2-nitrophenol) in the presence of excess NaBH4. The catalytic rate constant of nitrophenols reduction was also dependent on cell-free extract concentration. The larger AuNPs synthesized by less cell-free extracts were covered with a thinner corona and showed better capacity for reducing nitrophenols. This study suggested that the as-synthesized AuNPs could be employed as efficient catalysts in reduction of organic contaminants.


Assuntos
Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nitrofenóis/química , Saccharomycetales/química , Sistema Livre de Células/química , Oxirredução
14.
Mol Ecol ; 26(21): 6170-6182, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28926148

RESUMO

The relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem stability is poorly understood in microbial communities. Biofilm communities in small bioreactors called microbial electrolysis cells (MEC) contain moderate species numbers and easy tractable functional traits, thus providing an ideal platform for verifying ecological theories in microbial ecosystems. Here, we investigated the resilience of biofilm communities with a gradient of diversity, and explored the relationship between biodiversity and stability in response to a pH shock. The results showed that all bioreactors could recover to stable performance after pH disturbance, exhibiting a great resilience ability. A further analysis of microbial composition showed that the rebound of Geobacter and other exoelectrogens contributed to the resilient effectiveness, and that the presence of Methanobrevibacter might delay the functional recovery of biofilms. The microbial communities with higher diversity tended to be recovered faster, implying biofilms with high biodiversity showed better resilience in response to environmental disturbance. Network analysis revealed that the negative interactions between the two dominant genera of Geobacter and Methanobrevibacter increased when the recovery time became longer, implying the internal resource or spatial competition of key functional taxa might fundamentally impact the resilience performances of biofilm communities. This study provides new insights into our understanding of the relationship between diversity and ecosystem functioning.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Biodiversidade , Biofilmes , Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
15.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 4837, 2017 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28684789

RESUMO

Understanding the abundance change of certain bacterial taxa is quite important for the study of soil microbiology. However, the observed differences of relative abundances by high-throughput techniques may not accurately reflect those of the actual taxon abundances. This study investigated whether soil microbial abundances coupling with microbial quantities can be more informative in describing the microbial population distribution under different locations. We analyzed relative abundances of the major species in soil microbial communities from Beijing and Tibet grasslands by using 16 S rRNA high-throughput sequencing technique, and quantified the absolute bacterial cell numbers directly or indirectly by multiple culture-independent measurements, including adenosine tri-phosphate (ATP), flow cytometry (FCM), quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR), phospholipid fatty acids (PLFA) and microbial biomass Carbon (MBC). By comparison of the relative abundance and the estimated absolute abundances (EAA) of the major components in soil microbial communities, several dominant phyla, including Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Verrucomicrobia, Chloroflexi, Gemmatimonates and Planctomycetes, showed significantly different trends. These results indicated that the change in EAA might be more informative in describing the dynamics of a population in a community. Further studies of soil microbes should combine the quantification and relative abundances of the microbial communities for the comparisons among various locations.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Bacteroidetes/classificação , Chloroflexi/classificação , Planctomycetales/classificação , Microbiologia do Solo , Verrucomicrobia/classificação , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Trifosfato de Adenosina/análise , Trifosfato de Adenosina/biossíntese , Bacteroidetes/genética , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Biodiversidade , Biomassa , Carbono/análise , Carbono/metabolismo , China , Chloroflexi/genética , Chloroflexi/isolamento & purificação , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Ácidos Graxos/biossíntese , Pradaria , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Consórcios Microbianos/genética , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Fosfolipídeos/biossíntese , Planctomycetales/genética , Planctomycetales/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Verrucomicrobia/genética , Verrucomicrobia/isolamento & purificação
16.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 24(27): 21649-21659, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28752308

RESUMO

In the present study, biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) by the cells (cells-AuNPs) and cell-free extracts (extracts-AuNPs) of a new fungus Mariannaea sp. HJ was reported. The as-synthesized particles were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The effects of different parameters on AuNP biosynthesis were investigated, and initial gold ion concentration of 2 mM, pH 7, was demonstrated to be suitable for both cells-AuNP and extracts-AuNP syntheses. The cells-AuNPs were of various shapes, including sphere, hexagon, and irregular shapes, with an average size of 37.4 nm, while the extracts-AuNPs were almost spherical and pseudo-spherical with an average size of 11.7 nm. XRD pattern suggested that the crystal structure of both AuNPs was face-centered cubic. FTIR spectra implied that some biomolecules from the fungal cell walls or cell-free extracts were involved in the formation of AuNPs. The as-synthesized AuNPs were demonstrated to have excellent catalytic activities for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol with the catalytic rate constants of 5.7 × 10-3/s for cells-AuNPs and 24.7 × 10-3/s for extracts-AuNPs. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on AuNP biosynthesis by Mariannaea sp.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Ouro/química , Química Verde/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Ascomicetos/classificação , Ascomicetos/isolamento & purificação , Catálise , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Nitrofenóis , Esgotos/microbiologia , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 9(22): 18682-18690, 2017 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28530386

RESUMO

Electrodepositon of Ga film is very challenging due to the high standard reduction potential (-0.53 V vs SHE for Ga3+). In this study, Ga film with compact structure was successfully deposited on the Mo/Cu/In substrate by the pulse current electrodeposition (PCE) method using GaCl3 aqueous solution. A high deposition rate of Ga3+ and H+ can be achieved by applying a large overpotential induced by high pulse current. In the meanwhile, the concentration polarization induced by cation depletion can be minimized by changing the pulse frequency and duty cycle. Uniform and smooth Ga film was fabricated at high deposition rate with pulse current density 125 mA/cm2, pulse frequency 5 Hz, and duty cycle 0.25. Ga film was then selenized together with electrodeposited Cu and In films to make a CIGSe absorber film for solar cells. The solar cell based on the Ga film presents conversion efficiency of 11.04%, fill factor of 63.40%, and Voc of 505 mV, which is much better than those based on the inhomogeneous and rough Ga film prepared by the DCE method, indicating the pulse current electrodeposition process is promising for the fabrication of CIGSe solar cell.

18.
J Hazard Mater ; 321: 299-306, 2017 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27637096

RESUMO

A facile one-pot eco-friendly process for synthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with high catalytic activity was achieved using cell-free extracts of Aspergillus sp. WL-Au as reducing, capping and stabilizing agents. The surface plasmon resonance band of UV-vis spectrum at 532nm confirmed the presence of AuNPs. Transmission electron microscopy images showed that quite uniform spherical AuNPs were synthesized and the average size of nanoparticles increased from 4nm to 29nm with reaction time. X-ray diffraction analysis verified the formation of nano-crystalline gold particles. Fourier transform infrared spectra showed the presence of functional groups on the surface of biosynthesized AuNPs, such as OH, NH, CO, CH, COH and COC groups, which increased the stability of AuNPs. The biogenic AuNPs could serve as a highly efficient catalyst for 4-nitrophenol reduction. The reaction rate constant was linearly correlated with the concentration of AuNPs, which increased from 0.59min-1 to 1.51min-1 with the amount of AuNPs increasing form 1.46×10-6 to 17.47×10-6mmol. Moreover, the as-synthesized AuNPs exhibited a remarkable normalized catalytic activity (4.04×105min-1mol-1), which was much higher than that observed for AuNPs synthesized by other biological and conventional chemical methods.


Assuntos
Aspergillus/química , Ouro/química , Química Verde/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nitrofenóis/análise , Catálise , Oxirredução , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(50): e8814, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29390271

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) usually have severe and fatal symptoms. At present, there is no effective treatment for DMD, thus it is very important to avoid the birth of children with DMD by effective prenatal diagnosis. We identified a de novo DMD gene mutation in a Chinese family, and make a prenatal diagnosis. METHODS: First, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was applied to analyze DMD gene exon deletion/duplication in all family members. The coding sequences of 79 exons in DMD gene were analyzed by Sanger sequencing in the patient; and then according to DMD gene exon mutation in the patient, DMD gene sequencing was performed in the family members. On the basis of results above, the pathogenic mutation in DMD gene was identified. RESULTS: MLPA showed no DMD gene exon deletion/duplication in all family members. Sanger sequencing revealed c.2767_2767delT [p.Ser923LeufsX26] mutation in DMD gene of the patient. Heterozygous deletion mutation (T/-) at this locus was observed in the pregnant woman and her mother and younger sister. The analyses of amniotic fluid samples indicated negative Y chromosome sex-determining gene, no DMD gene exon deletion/duplication, no mutations at c.2767 locus, and the inherited maternal X chromosome different from that of the patient. CONCLUSION: The pathogenic mutation in DMD gene, c.2767_2767delT [p.Ser923LeufsX26], identified in this family is a de novo mutation. On the basis of specific conditions, it is necessary to select suitable methods to make prenatal diagnosis more effective, accurate, and economic.


Assuntos
Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/diagnóstico , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/genética , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Pré-Escolar , China , Éxons , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Linhagem , Gravidez , Deleção de Sequência
20.
Biotechnol Lett ; 38(9): 1503-8, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27160995

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate green synthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) by Trichosporon montevideense, and to study their reduction of nitroaromatics. RESULTS: AuNPs had a characteristic absorption maximum at 535 nm. Scanning electron microscopy images revealed that the biosynthesized nanoparticles were attached on the cell surface. X-ray diffraction analysis indicated that the particles formed as face-centered cubic (111)-oriented crystals. The average size of AuNPs decreased from 53 to 12 nm with increasing biomass concentration. The catalytic reduction of 2-nitrophenol, 3-nitrophenol, 4-nitrophenol, o-nitrophenylamine and m-nitrophenylamine (0.1 mM) by NaBH4 had reaction rate constants of 0.32, 0.44, 0.09, 0.24 and 0.39 min(-1) with addition of 1.45 × 10(-2) mM AuNPs. CONCLUSIONS: An eco-friendly approach for synthesis of AuNPs by T. montevideense is reported for the first time. The biogenic AuNPs could serve as efficient catalysts for hydrogenation of various nitroaromatics.


Assuntos
Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Trichosporon/metabolismo , Catálise , Química Verde/métodos , Hidrogenação , Nitrofenóis/química
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