Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.868
Filtrar
1.
J Am Nutr Assoc ; : 1-12, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35512758

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The impact of high-nitrate beetroot juice (BRJ) supplementation has seen a recent explosion of interest in sports science. This study examined the potential influence of 7-day BRJ supplementation on the endurance performance of winter triathletes. METHODS: Eighty young active winter triathletes (44 males, age = 21.50 ± 1.15 yrs; 36 females, age = 20.66 ± 1.45 yrs) participated in this study and were provided with either BRJ (6.5 mmol NO3-/70 mL) or a placebo (PL, 0.065 mmol NO3-/70 mL) for 7 days (a dose of ×3 per day) in a randomized, double-blind design. The athletes then completed a submaximal treadmill run, intraday cycling exhaustion testing, and a 10-km cross country (XC) skiing competition on the second day. RESULTS: There was a significant decrease in the oxygen uptake, respiratory exchange ratio, and blood lactic acid level (p < 0.05) between the BRJ and PL treatment groups during V3 speed running (males: 13.3 km·h-1, females: 11.6 km·h-1). BRJ treatment also remarkably increased the time to exhaustion (TTE) during cycling exhaustion testing (males: p = 0.02, females: p = 0.04). No significant differences were observed in medium- or low-speed submaximal treadmill runs and 10-km XC skiing performance. CONCLUSIONS: One week of daily nitrate-rich BRJ supplementation improved running economy at high speed during the submaximal treadmill running test and extended the TTE of athletes during cycling exhaustion testing. However, BRJ supplementation did not improve the performance in 10-km on-snow time trials in XC skiing. Regarding nutritional strategies to improve endurance performance in exercise training and competition, these results should be carefully considered owing to the different motor skill levels and competitive abilities of participants.

2.
Perfusion ; : 2676591221095469, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35514052

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Clot formation, infection, and biofouling are unfortunate but frequent complications associated with the use of blood-contacting medical devices. The challenge of blood-foreign surface interactions is exacerbated during medical device applications involving substantial blood contact area and extended duration of use, such as extracorporeal life support (ECLS). We investigated a novel surface modification, a liquid-impregnated surface (LIS), designed to minimize protein adsorption and thrombus development on medical plastics. METHODS: The hemocompatibility and efficacy of LIS was investigated first in a low-shear model with LIS applied to the lumen of blood incubation vials and exposed to human whole blood. Additionally, LIS was evaluated in a 6 h ex vivo circulation model with swine blood using full-scale ECLS circuit tubing and centrifugal pumps with clinically relevant flow rate (1.5 L/min) and shear conditions for extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal. RESULTS: Under low-shear, LIS preserved fibrinogen concentration in blood relative to control polymers (+40 ± 6 mg/dL vs polyvinyl chloride, p < .0001), suggesting protein adsorption was minimized. A fibrinogen adhesion assay demonstrated a dramatic reduction in protein adsorption under low shear (87% decrease vs polyvinyl chloride, p = .01). Thrombus deposition and platelet adhesion visualized by scanning electron microscopy were drastically reduced. During the 6 h ex vivo circulation, platelets in blood exposed to LIS tubing did not become significantly activated or procoagulant, as occurred with control tubing; and again, thrombus deposition was visually reduced. CONCLUSIONS: A LIS coating demonstrated potential to reduce thrombus formation on medical devices. Further testing is needed specialized to clinical setting and duration of use for specific medical target applications.

3.
BMC Surg ; 22(1): 160, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although some factors that predict the prognosis in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (pNET) have been confirmed, the predictive value of lymph node metastasis (LNM) in the prognosis of pNETs remains conflicting and it is not clear whether regional lymphadenectomy should be performed in all grades of tumors. METHODS: We included pNET patients undergoing surgery in Shanghai pancreatic cancer institute (SHPCI). The risk factors for survival were investigated by the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression model. We evaluated the predictors of LNM using Logistic regression. RESULTS: For 206 patients in the SHPCI series, LNM was an independent prognostic factor for entire cohort suggested by multivariate Cox regression analysis. LNM (P = 0.002) predicted poorer overall survival (OS) in grade 2/3 cohort, but there is no significant association between LNM and OS in grade 1 cohort. Grade (P < 0.001) and size (P = 0.049) predicted LNM in entire cohort. Grade (P = 0.002) predicted LNM while regardless of size in grade 2/3 cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our own retrospective data obtained from a single center series, LNM seems to be associated with poorer outcome for patients with grade 2/3 and/or grade 1 > 4 cm tumors. On the other way, LNM was seems to be not associated with prognosis in patients with grade 1 tumors less than 4 cm. Moreover, tumor grade and tumor size seem to act as independent predictors of LNM. Thus, regional lymphadenectomy should be performed in grade 2/3 patients but was not mandatory in grade 1 tumors < 4 cm. It is reasonable to perform functional sparing surgery for grade 1 patients or propose a clinical-radiological monitoring.


Assuntos
Tumores Neuroectodérmicos Primitivos , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Tumores Neuroectodérmicos Primitivos/cirurgia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 2703, 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35577772

RESUMO

Protein sorting in the secretory pathway is essential for cellular compartmentalization and homeostasis in eukaryotic cells. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the biosynthetic and folding factory of secretory cargo proteins. The cargo transport from the ER to the Golgi is highly selective, but the molecular mechanism for the sorting specificity is unclear. Here, we report that three ER membrane localized proteins, SUN3, SUN4 and SUN5, regulate ER sorting of leucine-rich repeat receptor kinases (LRR-RKs) to the plasma membrane. The triple mutant sun3/4/5 displays mis-sorting of these cargo proteins to acidic compartments and therefore impairs the growth of pollen tubes and the whole plant. Furthermore, the extracellular LRR domain of LRR-RKs is responsible for the correct sorting. Together, this study reports a mechanism that is important for the sorting of cell surface receptors.

6.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0267887, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Head and neck cancer patients are vulnerable to various psychological complications due to the effects of both cancer itself and cancer treatment on patients' appearance and physical well-being. Nevertheless, few data have been obtained on effective psychosocial interventions that could protect this group of cancer patients' psychological well-being. Therefore, this three-armed, parallel-group, double-blind, randomized control trial (RCT) aims to evaluate and compare the effects of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on positive psychology (such as posttraumatic growth [PTG], hope, and optimism), quality of life (QoL), and psychological complications (depression, anxiety, and experiential avoidance) among newly diagnosed head and neck cancer patients. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This RCT will target newly diagnosed head and neck cancer patients who have been treated only with surgery or who have not yet received any treatment. In total, 120 patients who meet all of the study's inclusion criteria and none of its exclusion criteria will be randomly assigned into three groups-an ACT group, an MBSR group, and a treatment-as-usual control group-at a 1:1:1 allocation ratio. Participants in the two intervention groups (the ACT and MBSR groups) will undergo an eight-week group intervention program. During this program, each intervention will comprise eight modules based on ACT and MBSR, respectively. Outcome assessments will be performed across a three-point timeline, including before the intervention (t0), immediately after the psychosocial intervention at eight weeks (t1), and six months after the intervention (t2). The primary outcome that will be assessed during this RCT is PTG. Meanwhile, the secondary outcomes that will be evaluated in this study are such as QoL, hope, optimism, depression, anxiety, and experiential avoidance. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04800419 (ClinicalTrials.gov). Registered on March 16, 2021.


Assuntos
Terapia de Aceitação e Compromisso , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Atenção Plena , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Humanos , Atenção Plena/métodos , Psicologia Positiva , Qualidade de Vida , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
7.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 109: 108779, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490666

RESUMO

Dihydrosanguinarine (DS) is one of the main chemical constituents of Corydalis bungeana Turcz. which demonstrates anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial in vitro. The present study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect and its underlying mechanism of DS in vivo. The network pharmacology method was used to predict the anti-inflammatory target of DS, and it was found that PI3K-AKT signal transduction pathway was the most obvious, and the anti-inflammatory effect of DS was more specific in liver. Herein, we used AKT inhibitor AZD 5363 to block PI3K-AKT signaling pathway, to carry out animal experiments to verify the predicted results of network pharmacology. The results showed that DS exerts protective effects on LPS-induced liver inflammation in mice, and the anti-inflammatory effect of DS was attenuated after inhibiting AKT. To elucidate the potential molecular mechanisms, we performed RNA-sequence analysis in liver tissues. Transcriptome analysis showed that the "TNF signaling pathway" and "IL-17 signaling pathway" had the highest enrichment of differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Then, TNF/IL-17/PI3K-AKT signal pathways were analyzed by GSEA. It was found that AKT3, CCL2, FOS, IL-17A, IL-17RA, IL-17RE, PI3KCA, TRAF3IP2, CREB5, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α and CXCL1/2/3 were significantly regulated by DS. The results of RNA-seq immuneCC predictive showed that DS could inhibit the inflammatory response mainly by reducing the degree of macrophage infiltration induced by LPS. At the same time, we use RT-qPCR, IF, WB techniques to verify the core anti-inflammatory differential genes of DS at the gene and protein expression level, confirming that DS can regulate the inflammatory response by regulating the gene expression level of TNF/IL-17/PI3K-AKT signal pathway. We also used HPLC-Q-TOF/MS technology to explore the biotransformation products of DS in the blood and liver of mice under inflammatory conditions and established the docking model of DS and its transformed compound with TNF-α, IL-17A, AKT3 and IL-6, which is the key target from RNA-seq analysis in this study. The results showed that DS strongly interacted with four proteins in the form of prototypes and demethylated products and exhibited anti-inflammatory effects. Our research shows that DS exerts its anti-hepatitis effect mainly by inhibiting the excessive infiltration of macrophages in mice liver induced by LPS and down-regulating the expression of genes related to TNF/IL-17/PI3K-AKT pathway. This study provides a new perspective on the potential therapeutic application of DS and the plasticity of anti-LPS-induced liver inflammation in DS.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35514238

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the metabonomics differences between pregnant women with GDM in the third trimester and those in the normal group. Screening a group of highly efficient and sensitive markers for GDM and validated the previously published early metabolic markers of GDM METHODS: A cross-sectional cohort study based on UPLC-MS/MS untargeted metabolomics analysis of serum samples were collected from 59 with GDM and 59 normal pregnant women. RESULTS: 121 metabolites were detected, and 27 significantly were identified differential metabolites in GDM and control. The combination of 27 metabolic peaks had the area under curve(AUC)values of 0.90, 0.92, and 0.93 in the prediction models using support vector machine, PLS, and random forest, respectively. Finally, five metabolite biomarkers were selected to construct logistic regression models: l-valine, hypoxanthine, eicosapentaenoic acid 2-amino-1,3,4-octadecanotriol(2-AO), and choline. The AUC value of these metabolites was 0.769 between the GDM group and the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The discovery of a group of differential metabolites in pregnant women with GDM in the third trimester and normal pregnant women may facilitate the study of the pathological mechanism of GDM, and it is possible to find an efficient and sensitive alternative GDM detection method.

9.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(9)2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35564217

RESUMO

A novel BiOBr photocatalyst was epitaxially grown in situ onto the surface of ZnFe2O4, a ferroelectric material with a strong polarization effect. The formatted BiOBr/ZnFe2O4 composite (BOB/ZFO) showed excellent photocatalytic degradation performance of tetracycline antibiotics (TCs). One of the composites with ZnFe2O4 content of 10% (BOB/ZFO-10) showed the best properties; the degradation efficiency of TCs upon visible light irradiation for 180 min was 99.2%, which was 3.58 times higher than that of pure phase BiOBr. The functions of ZnFe2O4 are assumed to be such that the addition of this ferroeletric material not only regulated the spontaneous polarization of BiOBr in the process of synthesis, but also resulted in the construction of Z-scheme heterostructures due to the appropriate staggered band structure of BiOBr and ZnFe2O4. In the presence of ferroelectric material ZnFe2O4, the local structure of BiOBr may be distorted accordingly, resulting in preferential growth of a (110) crystal facet of BiOBr and enhancement of spontaneous polarization, which promotes the efficient separation of photogenerated electron-hole pairs of ZnFe2O4 and BiOBr, and therefore enhances the redox capacity of the photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants.

10.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7298, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508582

RESUMO

Recipients of solid organ transplantation (SOT) rely on life-long immunosuppression (IS), which is associated with significant side effects. Extracorporeal photochemotherapy (ECP) is a safe, existing cellular therapy used to treat transplant rejection by modulating the recipient's own blood cells. We sought to induce donor-specific hypo-responsiveness of SOT recipients by infusing ECP-treated donor leukocytes prior to transplant. To this end, we utilized major histocompatibility complex mismatched rodent models of allogeneic cardiac, liver, and kidney transplantation to test this novel strategy. Leukocytes isolated from donor-matched spleens for ECP treatment (ECP-DL) were infused into transplant recipients seven days prior to SOT. Pre-transplant infusion of ECP-DL without additional IS was associated with prolonged graft survival in all models. This innovative approach promoted the production of tolerogenic dendritic cells and regulatory T-cells with subsequent inhibition of T-cell priming and differentiation, along with a significant reduction of donor-specific T-cells in the spleen and grafts of treated animals. This new application of donor-type ECP-treated leukocytes provides insight into the mechanisms behind ECP-induced immunoregulation and holds significant promise in the prevention of graft rejection and reduction in need of global immune suppressive therapy in patients following SOT.


Assuntos
Fotoferese , Aloenxertos , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Camundongos , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Transplante Homólogo
11.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 46(2): 181-186, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35411747

RESUMO

As an important auxiliary tool for amputees to gain abled limb functions, prosthetic limbs with decoration or feedforward control channel could not meet the needs. In order to enable the prosthesis to deliver the information, includes temperature, pressure, position, shape and so on, a variety of sensory feedback methods have been integrated into the prosthesis. According to the position of the feedback terminal on the human body, the perceptual feedback systems include invasive and noninvasive sensory feedback. This review presents the research progress of these perceptual feedback techniques, and summarizes the problems in the application in artificial limbs. Finally, the development trend of sensory feedback technology in prostheses is prospected.


Assuntos
Amputados , Membros Artificiais , Retroalimentação Sensorial , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Tecnologia
12.
J Genet Genomics ; 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35470091

RESUMO

An effective symbiosis between legumes and rhizobia relies largely on diverse proteins at the plant-rhizobium interface for material transportation and signal transduction during symbiotic nitrogen fixation. Here, we report a comprehensive proteome atlas of the soybean symbiosome membrane (SM), peribacteroid space (PBS), and root microsomal fraction (RMF) using state-of-the-art label-free quantitative proteomic technology. In total, 1759 soybean proteins with diverse functions are detected in the SM, and 1476 soybean proteins and 369 rhizobial proteins are detected in the PBS. The diversity of SM proteins detected suggests multiple origins of the SM. Quantitative comparative analysis highlights amino acid metabolism and nutrient uptake in the SM, indicative of the key pathways in nitrogen assimilation. The detection of soybean secretory proteins in the PBS and receptor-like kinases in the SM provides evidence for the likely extracellular property of the symbiosome and the potential signaling communication between both symbionts at the symbiotic interface. Our proteomic data provide clues for how some of the sophisticated regulation between soybean and rhizobium at the symbiotic interface is achieved, and suggest approaches for symbiosis engineering.

13.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(4): 413, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35484132

RESUMO

The transcriptional regulator nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 3 (NFATc3) is constitutively activated in several cancer types and plays important roles in cancer development and progression. Heavily phosphorylated NFATc3 resides in the cytoplasm of resting cells, and dephosphorylated NFATc3 translocates to the nucleus to activate expression of target genes in cells exposed to stimuli, for instance, hypoxia. Apart from phosphorylation, various post-translational modifications have been reported to regulate NFAT transcriptional activity. However, the mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we have demonstrated that NFATc3 is activated in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells and that excessive activation of NFATc3 is correlated to advanced stages of PDAC and short survival time of PDAC patients. NFATc3 is deSUMOylated at K384 by SENP3 under hypoxia, which impairs the interaction between NFATc3 and phosphokinase GSK-3ß, subsequently decreases NFATc3 phosphorylation and increases its nuclear occupancy. Knockdown of SENP3 greatly decreased hypoxia-induced NFATc3 nuclear occupancy. Our results highlight that SENP3-mediated deSUMOylation acts as an essential modulator of NFATc3, which is instrumental in PDAC tumor progression under hypoxia.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Cisteína Endopeptidases/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Humanos , Hipóxia , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética
14.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 461, 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35473554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The advantages of prophylactic central lymph node dissection (CLND) for clinically node-negative patients remained a great deal of controversies. Our research was aimed to analyze the relationship between cervical central lymph node metastasis (CLNM) and BRAFV600E mutation, ultrasonic and clinicopathologic characterizes in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: In current study, a total of 112 consecutive PTC patients who experienced thyroidectomy plus cervical central neck dissection were included in our research. All PTC were pre-operatively analyzed by ultrasonic features, including tumor size, multifocality or not, tumor location, internal components, echogenicity, microcalcification, margins, orientation, taller than wide shape, and internal vascularity. The presence of clinicopathologic factors, including age, sex, T stage, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and BRAFV600E mutation was then investigated. Univariate and multivariate analysis were conducted to check into the relationship between predictive factors and cervical CLNM in PTC patients, and then a predictive model was also established. RESULTS: Pathologically, 58.0% (65/112) of the PTC patients harbored cervical CLNM. Univariate and multivariate analysis were conducted to identify age < 55 years, tumor size > 10 mm, microcalcification, non-concomitant Hashimoto's thyroiditis and BRAFV600E mutation were predictive factors for cervical CLNM in PTC. The risk score for cervical CLNM in PTC patients was calculated: risk score = 1.284 × (if age < 55 years) + 1.241 × (if tumor size > 10 mm) + 1.143 × (if microcalcification) - 2.097 × (if concomitant Hashimoto's thyroiditis) + 1.628 × (if BRAFV600E mutation). CONCLUSION: Age < 55 years old, PTC > 10 mm, microcalcification, non-concomitant Hashimoto's thyroiditis and BRAFV600E mutation are predictive factors for cervical CLNM. BRAFV600E mutation by pre-operative US-FNA technology synergized with clinicopathologic and ultrasonic features is expected to guide the appropriate surgical management for PTC patients.


Assuntos
Calcinose , Carcinoma Papilar , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Tireoidite , Carcinoma Papilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Papilar/genética , Carcinoma Papilar/cirurgia , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Fatores de Risco , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Ultrassom
15.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 880118, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35464989

RESUMO

Bifidobacteria is an important microbe that inhabits the human gut. It is capable of metabolizing complex compounds in the human diet. Albiflorin, an antidepressant natural product from Radix Paeoniae Alba in China, is difficult to absorb after oral administration, and its metabolism has been proven to be closely related to the gut microbiota. In this study, we demonstrated in vitro that several Bifidobacteria species were able to convert albiflorin to benzoic acid, and four esterases (B2, B3, B4, and BL) from Bifidobacterium breve and Bifidobacterium longum were found through genome mining and modeled by SWISS-MODEL. B2 and B3 presented the strongest albiflorin metabolism ability. The optimal conditions, including temperature, buffer, and pH, for the conversion of albiflorin by the four esterases were investigated. Furthermore, the effect of esterase on the metabolism of albiflorin in vivo was confirmed by transplanting bacteria containing esterase B2. This study demonstrated the vital role of esterases from Bifidobacteria in the metabolism of natural compounds containing ester bonds, which could contribute to the development of new enzymes, microbial evolution, and probiotic adjuvant compounds for treatment.

16.
Chemosphere ; : 134491, 2022 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35381268

RESUMO

The rotary engine constitutes promising propulsion for unmanned aerial vehicles, and creating turbulence within the rotor chamber is an effective means to strengthen the combustion of this engine concept since it is characterized by a unidirectional flow from the trailing side to the leading side of the rotor chamber. Based on CFD modeling, this work proposed a novel turbulence-induced blade (TIB) configuration and carried out a feasibility assessment focused on this innovation for improving engine performance under different operation/design parameter conditions (spark timing, hydrogen enrichment, and compression ratio). The results of this work confirmed the benefit of this proposed configuration as a useful tool to enhance combustion characteristics and control emissions formation. When the TIB was arranged at the leading part of the rotor chamber, better turbulent flow could be formed in the desired location and actually enhanced the combustion. Compared with the no-blade rotor chamber, the indicated thermal efficiency of the leading-blade, middle-blade, and trailing-blade rotor chambers increased by 7.3%, 5.1%, and 0.8%, respectively. Further assessment of TIB benefits demonstrated that the introduction of the TIB could postpone the optimal spark timing, and effectively increase the pressure within the rotor chamber, and the later the spark timing is, the more significant the increment in the peak pressure. Compared with hydrogen-enriched rotary engines, the TIB is more sensitive to the combustion improvement of pure gasoline rotary engines, and the difference between the no-blade and leading-blade rotor chambers reduced notably in terms of emissions formation as hydrogen enrichment increased. It is recommended that a higher compression ratio could be realized by decreasing the chamber volume, thus producing better engine performance. The turbulence intensity in the leading-blade rotor chamber is higher than that in the non-blade rotor chamber, and the discrepancy shows an increasing trend with the increase of the compression ratio. The effect of the TIB on efficiency improvement and emissions reduction is negligible at a relatively higher compression ratio (9.6).

17.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 791200, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432419

RESUMO

Metal tolerance proteins (MTP) are Me2+/H+(K+) antiporters that play important roles in the transport of divalent cations in plants. However, their functions in peanut are unknown. In the present study, a total of 24 AhMTP genes were identified in peanut, which were divided into seven groups belonging to three substrate-specific clusters (Zn-CDFs, Zn/Fe-CDFs, and Mn-CDFs). All AhMTP genes underwent whole genome or segmental gene duplication events except AhMTP12. Most AhMTP members within the same subfamily or group generally have similar gene and protein structural characteristics. However, some genes, such as AhMTP1.3, AhMTP2.4, and AhMTP12, showed wide divergences. Most of AhMTP genes preferentially expressed in reproductive tissues, suggesting that these genes might play roles in metal transport during the pod and seed development stages. Excess metal exposure induced expressions for most of AhMTP genes in peanut roots depending on cultivars. By contrast, AhMTP genes in the root of Fenghua 1 were more sensitive to excess Fe, Cd, and Zn exposure than that of Silihong. Stepwise linear regression analysis showed that the percentage of Fe in shoots significantly and positively correlated with the expression of AhMTP4.1, AhMTP9.1, and AhMTPC4.1, but negatively correlated with that of AhMTPC2.1 and AhMTP12. The expression of AhMTP1.1 showed a significant and negative correlation with the percentage of Mn in shoots. The percentage of Zn in shoots was significantly and positively correlated with the expression of AhMTP2.1 but was negatively correlated with that of AhMTPC2.1. The differential responses of AhMTP genes to metal exposure might be, at least partially, responsible for the different metal translocation from roots to shoots between Fenghua 1 and Silihong.

18.
Urol Oncol ; 2022 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35431134

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A recent study has shown that upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) patients with high-risk factors have a high local recurrence rate. The purpose of this work was to investigate the benefit of adjuvant radiotherapy (ART) for patients with high recurrence factors. METHODS: Four hundred twenty-four UTUC patients who received radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) in our hospital between 2010 and 2018 were reviewed. The significance of factors on cancer-specific survival (CSS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were assessed using Cox multivariate analysis. In patients with high recurrence factors, propensity score matching was used to adjust the confounding factors for ART. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 40 (range 3-77) months. Multivariate analysis showed that multifocal tumor, G3, pT3/4 stage and positive lymph node (N+) were independent predictors for worse RFS. Multifocal tumor and pT3/4 stage were independent predictors of worse CSS in UTUC after surgery. A total of 286 patients with these high recurrence factors were identified: 192 (67.1%) patients received RNU only, and 94 (32.9%) patients received ART. Overall, ART did not improve CSS (ART 86.1% vs. RNU 78.5%.; P = 0.11). After propensity score matching, ART significantly improved the CSS of patients with high recurrence factors. The 3-year CSS was 73.1% in patients treated with RNU alone vs. 86.1% in patients treated with ART (P = 0.016). CONCLUSIONS: Results of our study demonstrated benefit of adjuvant radiotherapy in cancer specific survival in UTUC patients with high recurrence factors(multifocal tumor ,pT3/4,G3 and positive lymph node).

19.
Front Chem ; 10: 855800, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35402381

RESUMO

Solid-state lithium metal batteries have attracted more and more attention in recent years because of their high safety and energy density, with developments in the new energy industry and energy storage industry. However, solid-state electrolytes are usually symmetric and are not compatible with the cathode and anode at once. In this work, a flexible asymmetric organic-inorganic composite solid-state electrolyte consisting of PI membrane, succinonitrile (SN), LiLaZrTaO(LLZTO), Poly (ethylene glycol) (PEO), and LiTFSI were prepared by solution casting successfully. This lightweight solid electrolyte is stable at a high temperature of 150°C and exhibits a wide electrochemical window of more than 6 V. Furthermore, the high ionic conductivity of the flexible solid electrolyte was 7.3 × 10-7 S/cm. The solid-state batteries assembled with this flexible asymmetric organic-inorganic composite solid electrolyte exhibit excellent performance at ambient temperature. The specific discharge capacity of coin cells using asymmetric organic-inorganic composite solid-state electrolytes was 156.56 mAh/g, 147.25 mAh/g, and 66.55 mAh/g at 0.1, 0.2, and 1C at room temperature. After 100 cycles at 0.2C, the reversible discharging capacity was 96.01 mAh/g, and Coulombic efficiency was 98%. Considering the good performance mentioned above, our designed flexible asymmetric organic-inorganic composite solid electrolyte is appropriate for next-generation solid-state batteries with high cycling stability.

20.
Org Lett ; 24(14): 2756-2761, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35389209

RESUMO

The copper-catalyzed highly selective hydrosilylation of silyl or boryl alkene has been developed. This chemistry could afford a practical method for preparing chiral geminated disilyl and borylsilyl reagents, which are useful organosilanes and versatile synthons for organic synthesis. The experimental data suggested that this reaction could be compatible with a variety of functional groups. Furthermore, the utility of the gem-dimetal compounds, which could be prepared by this chemistry, has been well illustrated by further transformations.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...