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1.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115471

RESUMO

AIM: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is one of the most severe complications of thrombolysis. Symptomatic ICHs are associated with adverse outcomes. It has been reported that symptomatic ICHs most commonly occur within the first few hours after the initiation of intravenous thrombolysis. Our aim here was to determine the risk factors for early ICH (within 12 h) after thrombolysis. METHODS: We analyzed patients with acute ischemic stroke who received intravenous alteplase at two hospitals affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University between March 2008 and November 2017. The ICH diagnosis time was defined as the time from the intravenous administration of alteplase to the first detection of hemorrhage on computed tomography. Demographic data, medical history, clinical features, and laboratory examination results were collected. Univariate analysis followed by multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the predictors of early ICH (within 12 h) after thrombolysis. RESULTS: Among 197 patients, early ICH (within 12 h) after thrombolysis occurred in 13 patients (6.6%). In the univariate analysis, patients with early ICHs were significantly correlated with prior stroke (P=0.04). After adjusting for potential confounders in the multivariate analysis, prior stroke (odds ratio [OR]: 5.752, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.487-22.248; P=0.011) and atrial fibrillation (OR: 5.428, 95% CI: 1.427-20.640; P=0.013) were associated with early ICH. CONCLUSIONS: Prior stroke and atrial fibrillation are independent risk factors for early ICHs (within 12 h) after intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase.

3.
JAMA ; 2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32219428

RESUMO

Importance: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic with no specific therapeutic agents and substantial mortality. It is critical to find new treatments. Objective: To determine whether convalescent plasma transfusion may be beneficial in the treatment of critically ill patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Design, Setting, and Participants: Case series of 5 critically ill patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) who met the following criteria: severe pneumonia with rapid progression and continuously high viral load despite antiviral treatment; Pao2/Fio2 <300; and mechanical ventilation. All 5 were treated with convalescent plasma transfusion. The study was conducted at the infectious disease department, Shenzhen Third People's Hospital in Shenzhen, China, from January 20, 2020, to March 25, 2020; final date of follow-up was March 25, 2020. Clinical outcomes were compared before and after convalescent plasma transfusion. Exposures: Patients received transfusion with convalescent plasma with a SARS-CoV-2-specific antibody (IgG) binding titer greater than 1:1000 (end point dilution titer, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA]) and a neutralization titer greater than 40 (end point dilution titer) that had been obtained from 5 patients who recovered from COVID-19. Convalescent plasma was administered between 10 and 22 days after admission. Main Outcomes and Measures: Changes of body temperature, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score (range 0-24, with higher scores indicating more severe illness), Pao2/Fio2, viral load, serum antibody titer, routine blood biochemical index, ARDS, and ventilatory and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) supports before and after convalescent plasma transfusion. Results: All 5 patients (age range, 36-65 years; 2 women) were receiving mechanical ventilation at the time of treatment and all had received antiviral agents and methylprednisolone. Following plasma transfusion, body temperature normalized within 3 days in 4 of 5 patients, the SOFA score decreased, and Pao2/Fio2 increased within 12 days (range, 172-276 before and 284-366 after). Viral loads also decreased and became negative within 12 days after the transfusion, and SARS-CoV-2-specific ELISA and neutralizing antibody titers increased following the transfusion (range, 40-60 before and 80-320 on day 7). ARDS resolved in 4 patients at 12 days after transfusion, and 3 patients were weaned from mechanical ventilation within 2 weeks of treatment. Of the 5 patients, 3 have been discharged from the hospital (length of stay: 53, 51, and 55 days), and 2 are in stable condition at 37 days after transfusion. Conclusions and Relevance: In this preliminary uncontrolled case series of 5 critically ill patients with COVID-19 and ARDS, administration of convalescent plasma containing neutralizing antibody was followed by improvement in their clinical status. The limited sample size and study design preclude a definitive statement about the potential effectiveness of this treatment, and these observations require evaluation in clinical trials.

4.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 26(6)2020 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125269

RESUMO

Since early January 2020, after the outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus infection in Wuhan, China, ≈365 confirmed cases have been reported in Shenzhen, China. The mode of community and intrafamily transmission is threatening residents in Shenzhen. Strategies to strengthen prevention and interruption of these transmissions should be urgently addressed.

5.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 553-571, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32158208

RESUMO

Background: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women. Chemotherapy to inhibit the proliferation of cancer cells is considered to be the most important therapeutic strategy. The development of long-circulating PEG and targeting liposomes is a major advance in drug delivery. However, the techniques used in liposome preparation mainly involve conventional liposomes, which have a short half-life, high concentrations in the liver and spleen reticuloendothelial system, and no active targeting. Methods: Four kinds of paclitaxel liposomes were prepared and characterized by various analytical techniques. The long-term targeting effect of liposomes was verified by fluorescence detection methods in vivo and in vitro. Pharmacokinetic and acute toxicity tests were conducted in ICR mice to evaluate the safety of different paclitaxel preparations. The antitumor activity of ES-SSL-PTX was investigated in detail using in vitro and in vivo human breast cancer MCF-7 cell models. Results: ER-targeting liposomes had a particle size of 137.93±1.22 nm and an acceptable encapsulation efficiency of 88.07±1.25%. The liposome preparation is best stored at 4°C, and is stable for up to 48 hrs. Cytotoxicity test on MCF-7 cells demonstrated the stronger cytotoxic activity of liposomes in comparison to free paclitaxel. We used the near-infrared fluorescence imaging technique to confirm that ES-SSL-PTX was effectively targeted and could quickly and specifically identify the tumor site. Pharmacokinetics and acute toxicity in vivo experiments were carried out. The results showed that ES-SSL-PTX could significantly prolong the half-life of the drug, increase its circulation time in vivo, improve its bioavailability and reduce its toxicity and side effects. ES-SSL-PTX can significantly improve the pharmacokinetic properties of paclitaxel, avoid allergic reaction of the original solvent, increase antitumor efficacy and reduce drug toxicity and side effects. Conclusion: ES-SSL-PTX has great potential for improving the treatment of breast cancer, thereby improving patient prognosis and quality of life.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: A causal relationship between changes of the gut microbiome and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains unclear. We demonstrated that endogenous ethanol (EnEth) produced by intestinal microbiota is likely a causative agent of NAFLD. METHODS: Two mutants with different alcohol-producing abilities, namely, W14-adh and W14Δadh, were constructed using the clinical high alcohol-producing (HiAlc) Klebsiella pneumoniae strain W14 as a parent. Damage to hepatocytes caused by bacteria with different alcohol-producing capacities was evaluated (EtOH group as positive control). The ultrastructural changes of mitochondria were assessed via transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Hepatic levels of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS), DNA damage, and adenosine triphosphate were examined. RESULTS: The results illustrated that steatosis was most severe in the W14-adh group, followed by the W14 group, whereas the W14Δadh group had few fatty droplets. TEM and examination of related protein expression revealed that the mitochondrial integrity of HepG2 hepatocytes was considerably damaged in the EtOH and bacteria treatment groups. The impaired mitochondrial function in HepG2 hepatocytes was evidenced by reduced adenosine triphosphate content and increased mitochondrial ROS accumulation and DNA damage in the EtOH and bacteria treatment groups, especially the W14-adh group. Meanwhile, liver injury and mitochondrial damage were observed in the hepatocytes of mice. The livers of mice in the W14-adh group, which had the highest ethanol production, exhibited the most serious damage, similar to that in the EtOH group. CONCLUSIONS: EnEth produced by HiAlc bacteria induces mitochondrial dysfunction in NAFLD.

8.
Endocrine ; 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198668

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The different mechanisms that trigger the autoimmune attack to the thyroid between Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and Graves' disease (GD) are still unclear. The aim of this study was to recognize thyroid antigens specific CD8+ T-cell epitopes and explore the relationship between these epitopes and thyroid autoantibodies, duration and classification in these two diseases. METHODS: Free thiiodothyronine, free tetraiodothyronine, thyroid-stimulating hormone, TgAb, and TPOAb were all measured by immunochemiluminometric assays, while TRAb was tested by radioimmunoassay. HLA class I peptide affinity algorithms were applied to predict candidate thyroid autoantigen peptides that blind to HLA-A*0201. The ELISpot assay was used to detect Tg-, TPO-, and TSHR-specific CD8+ T cells. RESULTS: We demonstrated that TG-6 was a novel HLA-A*0201-restricted CTL epitope in GD. TG-6, TG-7, TG-10, TG-11, and TPO-6 were immunodominant in GD patients compared with HT patients (TG-6: 38.5 vs. 8%, P = 0.034; TG-7, TG-10, TG-11, and TPO-6: 23.1 vs. 0%, P = 0.034). The immunodominance of TG-6 in GD patients was more evident than healthy controls (HC) (TG-6: 35.8 vs. 0%, P = 0.011), but there was no statistically significant difference between HT patients and HC. Subgroup analyses revealed the T-cell responsiveness to TG-6 was stronger in TgAb-negative HT patients (0 vs. 40%, P = 0.033). However, there was no correlation showed for TPOAb, TRAb, medication and duration in both HT and GD patients. CONCLUSIONS: We report for the first time that both diseases, HT and GD, recognize different antigen-specific CD8-positive T cells. Tg maybe the dominant thyroid autoantigen contributing to breaking tolerance in GD. It could improve our knowledge of autoimmune thyroid diseases pathogenesis as well as offer new therapeutical tools in terms of peptide vaccine therapy.

9.
Biochim Biophys Acta Rev Cancer ; 1873(2): 188353, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32112817

RESUMO

Glioma is the most common primary malignant tumor in the human brain. Although there are a variety of treatments, such as surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, glioma is still an incurable disease. Super-enhancers (SEs) are implicated in the control of tumor cell identity, and they promote oncogenic transcription, which supports tumor cells. Inhibition of the SE complex, which is required for the assembly and maintenance of SEs, may repress oncogenic transcription and impede tumor growth. In this review, we discuss the unique characteristics of SEs compared to typical enhancers, and we summarize the recent advances in the understanding of their properties and biological role in gene regulation. Additionally, we highlight that SE-driven lncRNAs, miRNAs and genes are involved in the malignant phenotype of glioma. Most importantly, the application of SE inhibitors in different cancer subtypes has introduced new directions in glioma treatment.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32199615

RESUMO

The new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak from December 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei, China, has been declared a global public health emergency. Angiotensin I converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), is the host receptor by SARS-CoV-2 to infect human cells. Although ACE2 is reported to be expressed in lung, liver, stomach, ileum, kidney and colon, its expressing levels are rather low, especially in the lung. SARS-CoV-2 may use co-receptors/auxiliary proteins as ACE2 partner to facilitate the virus entry. To identify the potential candidates, we explored the single cell gene expression atlas including 119 cell types of 13 human tissues and analyzed the single cell co-expression spectrum of 51 reported RNA virus receptors and 400 other membrane proteins. Consistent with other recent reports, we confirmed that ACE2 was mainly expressed in lung AT2, liver cholangiocyte, colon colonocytes, esophagus keratinocytes, ileum ECs, rectum ECs, stomach epithelial cells, and kidney proximal tubules. Intriguingly, we found that the candidate co-receptors, manifesting the most similar expression patterns with ACE2 across 13 human tissues, are all peptidases, including ANPEP, DPP4 and ENPEP. Among them, ANPEP and DPP4 are the known receptors for human CoVs, suggesting ENPEP as another potential receptor for human CoVs. We also conducted "CellPhoneDB" analysis to understand the cell crosstalk between CoV-targets and their surrounding cells across different tissues. We found that macrophages frequently communicate with the CoVs targets through chemokine and phagocytosis signaling, highlighting the importance of tissue macrophages in immune defense and immune pathogenesis.

11.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 2020 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200468

RESUMO

Abnormalities in executive function (EF) are clinical markers for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the neural mechanisms underlying abnormal EF in ASD remain unclear. This meta-analysis investigated the construct, abnormalities, and age-related changes of EF in ASD. Thirty-three fMRI studies of inhibition, updating, and switching in individuals with high-functioning ASD were included (n = 1114; age range 7-57 years). The results revealed that the EF construct in ASD could be unitary (i.e., common EF) in children/adolescents, but unitary and diverse (i.e., common EF and inhibition) in adults. Abnormalities in this EF construct were found across development in individuals with ASD in comparison with typically developing individuals. Implications and recommendations are discussed for EF theory and for practice in ASD.

12.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The quality of fresh tea leaves after harvest determines, to some extent, the quality and price of commercial tea. A fast and accurate method to evaluate the quality of fresh tea leaves is required. RESULTS: In this study, the potential of hyperspectral imaging in the range of 328-1115 nm for the rapid prediction of moisture, total nitrogen, crude fiber contents, and quality index value was investigated. A total of 90 samples of eight tea leaf varieties and two picking standards were tested. Quantitative partial least squares regression (PLSR) models were established using full spectrum, whereas multiple linear regression (MLR) models were developed using characteristic wavelengths selected by successive projections algorithm (SPA) and competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS). The results showed that optimal SPA-MLR models for moisture, total nitrogen, crude fiber contents, and quality index value yielded optimal performance with coefficients of determination for prediction (R2 p) of 0.9357, 0.8543, 0.8188, 0.9168; root mean square error (RMSEP) of 0.3437, 0.1097, 0.3795, 1.0358; and residual prediction deviation (RPD) of 4.00, 2.56, 2.31, and 3.51, respectively. CONCLUSION: The results suggested that hyperspectral imaging technique coupled with chemometrics was a promising tool for rapid and nondestructive measurement of tea leaf quality and had the potential to develop multispectral imaging systems for future online detection of tea leaf quality. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

13.
Pancreas ; 49(3): 381-386, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132507

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the correlation between lymph node metastasis (LNM) and various clinicopathological features of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) and its impact on prognosis. METHODS: We searched the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results database (2004-2015) for patients with surgically treated pNETs. Factors correlated with LNMs were analyzed by logistic regression and by Cox analysis. RESULTS: For tumors of 1 to 4 cm, age (P < 0.001, P = 0.014), grade (P < 0.001, P < 0.001), LNMs (P = 0.008, P < 0.001), and size (P = 0.038, P = 0.002) predicted overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS). For tumor greater than 4 cm, age (P < 0.001, P = 0.001) and grade (P = 0.011, P = 0.048) were independent prognostic factors of OS and DSS. Lymph node metastasis modestly predicted DSS (P = 0.028) but not OS (P = 0.218). CONCLUSIONS: In pNETs greater than 4 cm, LNM is not a predictor of OS and modestly predicts DSS, and lymphadenectomy may be unhelpful in these patients. For pNETs 1 to 4 cm, LNM predicts poor OS and DSS, which supports lymphadenectomy in these patients. Pancreas-sparing resection with only limited peripancreatic node sampling needs to be questioned.

14.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(3): 330-334, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174078

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effectiveness of arthroscopic microfracture combined with osteochondral autologous transplantation (OAT) in treatment of large area (4-6 cm 2) cartilage injury of the femoral condyle of knee. Methods: Between March 2016 and June 2017, 22 patients of large area cartilage injury of the femoral condyle of knee were treated with arthroscopic microfracture combined with OAT. There were 16 males and 6 females with an average age of 22-60 years (mean, 38.6 years). The cause of injury was traffic accident in 8 cases and sports injuries in 14 cases. The disease duration was 1-6 months (mean, 3.4 months). There were 15 cases of medial femoral condyle injuries and 7 cases of lateral condyle injuries. The area of cartilage defect was 4-6 cm 2 (mean, 4.98 cm 2). According to the International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) classification, 9 cases were rated as grade Ⅲ and 13 cases as grade Ⅳ. Eighteen cases were combined with meniscus injuries. Preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score was 6.36±1.25 and Lysholm score was 36.00±7.77. Results: All incisions healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 2-3 years with an average of 2.3 years. At 2 years after operation, the VAS score was 1.27±0.94 and the Lysholm score was 77.82±6.21, which were significantly improved when compared with those before operation ( t=16.595, P=0.000; t=21.895, P=0.000). At 2 years after operation, MRI showed that the cartilage defect was repaired well. Conclusion: Arthroscopic microfracture combined with OAT can be used to treat large area cartilage injury of the femoral condyle of knee, and the good early effectiveness can be obtained.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174098

RESUMO

Direct solar desalination with excellent solar photothermal efficiency, lower cost, and extended generator device lifetime is beneficial to increase potable water supplies. To address fundamental challenges in direct solar desalination, herein, we present a new and facile method for the scalable fabrication of the polymer porous foam (VMP) as salt-resistant photothermal materials, which was synthesized through a one-step hydrothermal method using styrene and 1-vinyl-3-ethylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate as monomers and N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide as the cross-linking agent. The as-resulted VMP shows excellent mechanical properties which could have a compression strain of 30%, resulting in its superior processability for practical operation. In addition, by taking advantage of its inherent low density, well-controlled porous structure (porosity is 73.81%), and extremely low thermal conductivity (0.03204 W m-1 K-1), the VMP exhibits an excellent solar evaporation property, and the solar photothermal efficiency can reach more than 88% under 1 kW m-2 irradiation. Moreover, the introduction of ionic liquid moiety (imidazolium tetrafluoroborate) into VMP results in its interesting superhydrophilic wettability, which can accelerate water transportation (wetting in 5s) and resolve the crystalline salt within 1.13 h. In addition, the interconnected macropores of the VMP, as water channels, can replenish the vaporized brine on the surface to prevent salt from adhering. The VMP shows a salt-resistant performance, for example, its solar evaporation efficiency remains nearly unchanged after 6 h duration under 1 sun irradiation. Based on its simple and cost-effective manufacturing process, excellent solar photothermal efficiency, and salt resistance, our VMP may be a promising candidate as photothermal materials for practical desalination from seawater and other wastewater.

16.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 20: 345-358, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32199130

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is characterized by the reduction of bone mineral density and deterioration of bone quality which leads to high risk of fractures. Some microRNAs (miRNAs) have been confirmed as potential modulators of osteoblast differentiation to maintain bone mass maintenance. We aimed to clarify whether miR-122 could regulate osteoblast differentiation in ovariectomized rats with osteoporosis. miR-122 was upregulated and Purkinje cell protein 4 (PCP4) was downregulated in ovariectomized rats. PCP4 was identified as a target of miR-122 by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. We transfected isolated osteoblasts from ovariectomized rats with miR-122 mimic or inhibitor or PCP4 overexpression vectors. Proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts were repressed by the overexpression of miR-122 but enhanced by overexpression of PCP4. miR-122 could induce the activation of the c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway, while PCP4 blocked this pathway. Rescue experiments further demonstrated that the inhibiting effects of miR-122 on osteoblast differentiation could be compensated by activation of the PCP4 or inhibition of JNK signaling pathway. Collectively, our data imply that miR-122 inhibits osteoblast proliferation and differentiation in rats with osteoporosis, highlighting a novel therapeutic target for osteoporotic patients.

17.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221519

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is a newly emerging virus. The antibody response in infected patient remains largely unknown, and the clinical values of antibody testing have not been fully demonstrated. METHODS: A total of 173 patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection were enrolled. Their serial plasma samples (n=535) collected during the hospitalization were tested for total antibodies (Ab), IgM and IgG against SARS-CoV-2. The dynamics of antibodies with the disease progress was analyzed. RESULTS: Among 173 patients, the seroconversion rate for Ab, IgM and IgG was 93.1%, 82.7% and 64.7%, respectively. The reason for the negative antibody findings in 12 patients might due to the lack of blood samples at the later stage of illness. The median seroconversion time for Ab, IgM and then IgG were day-11, day-12 and day-14, separately. The presence of antibodies was <40% among patients within 1-week since onset, and rapidly increased to 100.0% (Ab), 94.3% (IgM) and 79.8% (IgG) since day-15 after onset. In contrast, RNA detectability decreased from 66.7% (58/87) in samples collected before day-7 to 45.5% (25/55) during day 15-39. Combining RNA and antibody detections significantly improved the sensitivity of pathogenic diagnosis for COVID-19 (p<0.001), even in early phase of 1-week since onset (p=0.007). Moreover, a higher titer of Ab was independently associated with a worse clinical classification (p=0.006). CONCLUSIONS: The antibody detection offers vital clinical information during the course of SARS-CoV-2 infection. The findings provide strong empirical support for the routine application of serological testing in the diagnosis and management of COVID-19 patients.

18.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 21(2): 295-300, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32102502

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Silica and Benzo(a)pyrene are listed as carcinogens. This study aims to explore Cyclin D1, CDK4 and difference of cell cycle adjusted by MAPK signal transduction pathway in silica and B(a)P-induced malignant transformation of human embryonic lung fibroblasts. METHODS: Activity of the subfamily (ERK, p38 and JNK) of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), cyclin D1 and CDK4 (cyclin dependent kinase) were evaluated using Human embryonic lung fibroblast (HELF) purchased from the cell room, basic research institute, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. The expression of cyclin D1 and CDK4 (cyclin dependent kinase) were measured in silica and B(a)P induced malignant using Western blot (WB) assay. RESULT: P-ERK and P-JNK expression increased significantly (P<0.01), while CDK4 and P-p38 expression decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05) in silica-induced malignant transformation cells compared with the control group. P-ERK, P-JNK and Cyclin D1 expression increased (P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.05) in B(a)P-induced group compared with the control group. P-ERK and P-JNK expression decreased (P<0.01), while P-p38, Cyclin D1 and CDK4 expression increased (P<0.05, P<0.05, P<0.01) in B(a)P-induced group compared with the silica-induced group. CONCLUSION: MAPK and cyclin D1/CDK4 activation expressed differently in human embryo lung fibroblasts malignant transformation induced by silica and benzopyrene.

19.
Cell Host Microbe ; 27(3): 325-328, 2020 03 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035028

RESUMO

An in-depth annotation of the newly discovered coronavirus (2019-nCoV) genome has revealed differences between 2019-nCoV and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) or SARS-like coronaviruses. A systematic comparison identified 380 amino acid substitutions between these coronaviruses, which may have caused functional and pathogenic divergence of 2019-nCoV.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/classificação , Genoma Viral , Filogenia , Substituição de Aminoácidos , China , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio , Vírus da SARS
20.
Sci China Life Sci ; 63(3): 364-374, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048163

RESUMO

The outbreak of the 2019-nCoV infection began in December 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei province, and rapidly spread to many provinces in China as well as other countries. Here we report the epidemiological, clinical, laboratory, and radiological characteristics, as well as potential biomarkers for predicting disease severity in 2019-nCoV-infected patients in Shenzhen, China. All 12 cases of the 2019-nCoV-infected patients developed pneumonia and half of them developed acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The most common laboratory abnormalities were hypoalbuminemia, lymphopenia, decreased percentage of lymphocytes (LYM) and neutrophils (NEU), elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and decreased CD8 count. The viral load of 2019-nCoV detected from patient respiratory tracts was positively linked to lung disease severity. ALB, LYM, LYM (%), LDH, NEU (%), and CRP were highly correlated to the acute lung injury. Age, viral load, lung injury score, and blood biochemistry indexes, albumin (ALB), CRP, LDH, LYM (%), LYM, and NEU (%), may be predictors of disease severity. Moreover, the Angiotensin II level in the plasma sample from 2019-nCoV infected patients was markedly elevated and linearly associated to viral load and lung injury. Our results suggest a number of potential diagnosis biomarkers and angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) drugs for potential repurposing treatment of 2019-nCoV infection.


Assuntos
Angiotensina II/sangue , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Biomarcadores/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Lesão Pulmonar , Pneumonia Viral/etiologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/etiologia , Carga Viral , Adulto , Idoso , Análise Química do Sangue , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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