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1.
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol ; 77(1): 115-126, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31134307

RESUMO

In this study, the occurrence and distribution patterns of eight organophosphate esters (OPEs) were investigated in urban and rural surface water in a typical cosmopolitan city: Shanghai, China. In addition, concentration levels and removal efficiencies of seven sewage treatment plants were analyzed. The OPEs concentrations detected in urban rivers were significantly higher than those detected in rural rivers. Total OPEs ranged from 185.4 to 321 ng L-1 in rural surface water and from 340 to 1688.7 ng L-1 in urban, with an average of 221.8 ng L-1 and 850.2 ng L-1, respectively. Compared with other studies published in the world, the OPEs contamination in surface river water in Shanghai was at a moderate level. Furthermore, the potential sources of OPEs in urban surface water were investigated, and the results indicated that OPEs in urban surface water mainly came from three potential sources. In rural surface water, the OPE concentrations were uniformly distributed, so OPEs in rural surface water may came from nonpoint source pollution. Last, a preliminary environmental risk assessment and health risk assessment were conducted. The results showed low environmental risks at all sampling sites (except for sampling point R7: medium risk for algae) for the three aquatic organisms (algae, daphnia, and fish). Health risk assessment indicated a noncarcinogenic risk for diverse human groups for Æ©OPEs.


Assuntos
Organofosfatos/análise , Rios/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Organismos Aquáticos/efeitos dos fármacos , China , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Ésteres/análise , Água Doce/análise , Organofosfatos/toxicidade , Medição de Risco , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
2.
Curr Eye Res ; 44(6): 679-683, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30724635

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the treatment effects of botulinum toxin-A (BTA) injection and acupuncture on blepharospasm (BP) evaluated by the change in lower eyelid tension (LET). Methods: A series of 30 patients (male: 8, female: 22) aged between 37 and 83 years (63.80 ± 10.96 yrs) who met the eligibility criteria of BP were recruited in this study, who were randomly assigned to BTA injection group (BTA group, n = 15) and acupuncture treatment group (Acupuncture group, n = 15). BTA injections were administered to the patients in BTA group while patients in acupuncture group received the acupuncture treatment. The LET was measured by a tensiometer in both groups at baseline and at post-treatment. Results: A significant decrease in LETs over 8 weeks was found in acupuncture group (812.76 ± 193.95 Pa at baseline, 549.69 ± 150.04 Pa at 4 weeks, and 510.96 ± 150.66 Pa at 8weeks, respectively; F = 31.127, p << 0.001). There was a significant decrease in LET from 858.61 ± 190.54 Pa at baseline to 414.45 ± 63.38 Pa at 2 weeks after treatment (Z = -4.542, p << 0.01) in BTA group. At the endpoint of the study, a significant difference in LET was found between the acupuncture group (301.80 ± 181.77 Pa) and the BTA group (444.16 ± 193.44 Pa) (t = -2.077, p = 0.047). Conclusions: BP patients have an increased LET. Both BTA and acupuncture are effective in decreasing the LET. Close monitoring of LET holds promise in planning the treatment strategy for Blepharospasm.

3.
Vaccine ; 37(11): 1418-1427, 2019 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30737044

RESUMO

The trimeric HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein (Env) is critical for vaccine development aimed at achieving broadly-neutralizing antibody responses. The use of various recombinant expression systems and construct designs are associated with the resultant nature of produced proteins, especially in terms of glycosylation, antigenicity, and immunogenicity of the glycoprotein. Here, we explored an otherwise baculovirus cassette than classical one designed to express HIV-1 Env protein, including SOSIP mutation and Foldon moiety involvement. This improved design increased the ratio of the Env trimer fraction from ∼40% to ∼60% with respect to that of prototypical design, as indicated by high-performance size-exclusion chromatography and sedimentation velocity analysis. In addition, the design prolonged cell viability and enhanced the final yield (approximately 13-15 mg/L) after affinity purification. gp140 produced from insect cells mimicked the native-like trimer and mainly adopted glycosylation pattern of oligomannose glycans. The native-like Env proteins conferred cross-clade neutralizing antibody production in BALB/c mice. In summary, the expression of Env in insect cells by optimizing the baculovirus vector provides an alternative strategy for HIV-1 immunogen production and may benefit future Env-based HIV vaccine design.

5.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 109: 1406-1410, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30551391

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PC) is known as the most common cancer and is ranked second in cancer-related deaths in males. Accumulating evidence implicates microRNAs (miRNAs) may play key roles in tumorigenesis. We investigated the effects of microRNA-1 (miR-1) on the viability and proliferation of prostate cancer cells and the underlying mechanism. We first detected the miR-1 expression level in the PC cells by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The relation between the level of miR-1 and c-Met was investigated via luciferase reporter assay. Cell viability and proliferation were analyzed via MTT assay and flow cytometry in PC cells. Western blot was used for examining the related signaling pathway. MiR-1 expression was decreased and c-Met expression was increased in PC cells. Subsequently, we found that overexpression of miR-1 could inhibit viability and proliferation of PC cells functionally. Furthermore, the dual luciferase reporter assay results indicated that the c-Met is the target gene of miR-1. Western blot results indicated that this inhibition on the viability and proliferation of PC cells was via regulation of c-Met/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. In conclusion, this study provides novel insight into the role of miR-1 in PC, and the results demonstrated that miR-1 could inhibit viability and proliferation of PC cells by targeting the c-Met/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. MiR-1 might be a potential candidate for application in the treatment of PC.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Células PC-3 , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia
6.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 12: 3929-3935, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30532521

RESUMO

Objective: Osteoporosis is the most common metabolic bone disease and a major public health problem worldwide. Thiazides are widely used as antihypertensive agents with good tolerability and efficacy. Furthermore, thiazides have long been regarded as candidates for the prevention of postmenopausal bone loss. However, there is insufficient evidence that thiazides have a sustained beneficial effect on preserving bone mass and preventing osteoporosis to date. Materials and methods: We searched the PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and Embase in June 2018 for randomized controlled trials on the use of thiazides to treat osteoporosis. Continuous outcomes are presented as the standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95% CI. Furthermore, P-values <0.05 were considered significant. Results: Five trials with 756 patients were randomly assigned in the five trials included in this meta-analysis. Serum calcium level was higher in the thiazide group than in the control group (SMD 0.33, 95% CI [0.16, 0.50]), and urinary calcium level was significantly lower in the thiazide group (SMD -0.35, 95% CI [-0.52, -0.17]). There was no significant difference in bone mineral density between the two groups (SMD 0.19, 95% CI [-0.16, 0.54]). Conclusion: Thiazides might play a role in preserving bone mass and be effective in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. Future high-quality trials are needed to confirm our findings in the future.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Cálcio/sangue , Cálcio/urina , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Tiazidas/farmacologia , Humanos , Osteoporose/sangue , Osteoporose/urina , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
7.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol ; 9(11): 203, 2018 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30420592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous articles have reported that abnormal expression levels of microRNAs (miRNAs) are related to the survival times of esophageal carcinoma (EC) patients, which contains esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Nevertheless, there has not been a comprehensive meta-analysis to assess the accurate prognostic value of miRNAs in EC. METHODS: Studies published in English up to April 12, 2018 that evaluated the correlation of the expression levels of miRNAs with overall survival (OS) in EC were identified by online searches in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews performed by two independent authors. The pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to estimate the correlation between OS and miRNA expression. HR ≥ 2 was considered cutoff for considering the miRNA as prognostic candidate. RESULTS: Forty-four pertinent articles with 22 miRNAs and 4310 EC patients were ultimately included. EC patients with tissue expression levels of high miR-21 or low miR-133a (HR = 2.48, 95% CI = 1.50-4.12), miR-133b (HR = 2.15, 95% CI = 1.27-3.62), miR-138 (HR = 2.27, 95% CI = 1.68-3.08), miR-203 (HR = 2.83, 95% CI = 1.35-5.95), miR-375 and miR-655 (HR = 2.66, 95% CI = 1.16-6.12) had significantly poorer OS (P < 0.05). In addition, EC patients with blood expression levels of high miR-21 (HR = 2.19, 95% CI = 1.31-3.68) and miR-223 had significantly shorter OS (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, tissue expression levels of miR-21, miR-133a, miR-133b, miR-138, miR-203, miR-375, and miR-655 and blood expression levels of miR-21 and miR-223 demonstrate significant prognostic value. Among them, the expression levels of miR-133a, miR-133b, miR-138, miR-203, and miR-655 in tissue and the expression level of miR-21 in blood are potential prognostic candidates for predicting OS in EC.

8.
Med Sci Monit ; 24: 7057-7071, 2018 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30286050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Growing evidence indicates that a non-coding RNA named miR-34b/c plays crucial roles in carcinogenesis, and its common polymorphism, pri-miR-34b/c rs4938723, also participates in this process and is associated with cancer susceptibility. However, this association was previously undefined and ambiguous. Therefore, we carried out an updated analysis to evaluate this relationship between rs4938723 polymorphism and cancer susceptibility. MATERIAL AND METHODS PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science and Chinese language (WanFang, CNKI and VIP) databases were searched for relevant studies until Sep 10, 2018. Odds ratios and 95% confidence interval were applied to assess this relationship. RESULTS Thirty case-control studies were retrieved. No positive association was found in either the overall study population or in the subgroups, based on ethnicity, source of group, sex, smoking, and drinking status. The main results were observed in the stratified analysis subgroups in cancer type subgroup: rs4938723 polymorphism may be a protective factor in leukemia, colorectal cancer, and esophageal cancer; however, C-allele was a risk factor in carriers for hepatocellular carcinoma. Last but not the least, poor positive results were discovered in the age subgroup. CONCLUSIONS Current meta-analysis suggested that rs4938723 polymorphism was potentially associated with hepatocellular carcinoma risk, but this polymorphism had a decreased association for susceptibility to esophageal cancer, leukemia, and colorectal cancer. Furthermore, studies with larger sample sizes and including gene-gene or gene-environment interactions should be carried out to elucidate the role of rs4938723 polymorphism in cancer risk.

9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 10(8): 2113-2121, 2018 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30153654

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PCa) is considered as a common visceral cancer in males and the sixth major cause of cancer-related deaths in males worldwide. Significant diagnostic and therapeutic advances have been made in the past decades. However, an improved understanding of their molecular mechanism is still needed. In the present research, we first detected the expression of miR-146b by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and found that miR-146b expression was increased in PCa. Subsequently, we found that miR-146b play an important role in the viability and proliferation capacity of PCa cells functionally. To explore the mechanism, we performed western blot to examine the autophagy-related markers, and found that miR­146b may promote autophagy in PCa cells via activation of PTEN/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. Furthermore, we performed the dual luciferase reporter assay to clarify the relationship between miR-146b and PTEN. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that miR-146b inhibited autophagy in PCa by targeting the PTEN/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, and it could be a potential candidate for application in the treatment of PCa.

10.
Onco Targets Ther ; 11: 4837-4844, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30147335

RESUMO

Introduction: Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common malignancies in men. However, a lack of understanding of the mechanism underlying PCa metastasis has strongly limited the effectiveness of therapy for this disease. Thus, investigating the mechanism of PCa may help improve the prognosis of PCa patients. The goal of this study was to investigate the role of microRNA-194 (miR-194) in PCa. Materials and methods: The expression of miR-194 and cadherin 2 (CDH2) at the transcriptional level was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The MTT assay cell apoptosis assay and Western blotting were used to determine the role of miR-194 and CDH2 in the PC3 human PCa cell line. The dual luciferase reporter assay system was performed to clarify the relationship between miR-194 and CDH2. qRT-PCR results showed that miR-194 was downregulated and CDH2 was upregulated in PC3 cells. Results: Transfection with miR-194 mimics decreased cell viability and increased the rate of apoptosis compared with the control group of PC3 cells. Bioinformatics and the luciferase reporter assay indicated that CDH2 was a target of miR-194, and Western blot analysis suggested that CDH2 was negatively regulated by miR-194. Further studies revealed that the downregulation of CDH2 suppressed cell viability and promoted the apoptosis of PC3 cells and that miR-194 directly targeted CDH2 in PC3 cells. Finally, the in vivo experiments showed that miR-194 mimics suppressed tumor growth and induced apoptosis in a greater proportion of cells by decreasing the expression of CDH2 compared with the control group. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that miR-194 targeted CDH2 to regulate PCa cell survival in vitro and suppress tumor growth in vivo. These findings suggest that miR-194 may be a useful therapeutic target in PCa.

11.
Onco Targets Ther ; 11: 4877-4891, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30147339

RESUMO

Background: In the last few years, accumulating evidence has indicated that numerous long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are abnormally expressed in gastric cancer (GC) and are associated with the survival of GC patients. This study aimed to conduct a meta-analysis on 19 lncRNAs (AFAP1 antisense RNA 1 [AFAP1-AS1], CDKN2B antisense RNA 1 [ANRIL], cancer susceptibility 15 [CASC15], colon cancer associated transcript 2 [CCAT2], gastric adenocarcinoma associated, positive CD44 regulator, long intergenic noncoding RNA [GAPLINC], H19, imprinted maternally expressed transcript [H19], HOX transcript antisense RNA [HOTAIR], HOXA distal transcript antisense RNA [HOTTIP], long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 673 [LINC00673], metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 [MALAT1], maternally expressed 3 [MEG3], promoter of CDKN1A antisense DNA damage activated RNA [PANDAR], Pvt1 oncogene [PVT1], SOX2 overlapping transcript [Sox2ot], SPRY4 intronic transcript 1 [SPRY4-IT1], urothelial cancer associated 1 [UCA1], X inactive specific transcript [XIST], ZEB1 antisense RNA 1 [ZEB1-AS1] and ZNFX1 antisense RNA 1 [ZFAS1]) to systematically estimate their prognostic value in GC. Methods: The qualified literature was systematically searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (up to March 16, 2018), and one meta-analysis relating to the relationship between lncRNA expression and overall survival (OS) of GC patients was performed. The only evaluation criterion of survival results was OS. Results: A total of 6,095 GC patients and 19 lncRNAs from 51 articles were included in the present study. Among the listed 19 lncRNAs, 18 lncRNAs (other than SPRY4-IT1) showed a significantly prognostic value (P<0.05). Conclusion: This meta-analysis suggested that the abnormally expressed lncRNAs (AFAP1-AS1, ANRIL, CASC15, CCAT2, GAPLINC, H19, HOTAIR, HOTTIP, LINC00673, MALAT1, MEG3, PANDAR, PVT1, Sox2ot, UCA1, XIST, ZEB1-AS1 and ZFAS1) were significantly associated with the survival of GC patients, among which AFAP1-AS1, CCAT2, LINC00673, PANDAR, PVT1, Sox2ot, ZEB1-AS1 and ZFAS1 were strong candidates in predicting the prognosis of GC patients.

12.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 11(6): 899-904, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29977798

RESUMO

AIM: To explore a feasible method on the establishment of an animal model of conjunctivochalasis (CCH). METHODS: Twelve clean-grade New Zealand white rabbits were divided into four groups (n=3/group): the control group (one received no interventions, and the others underwent subconjunctival injection of sterile water), the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) group (administered subconjunctival injection of MMP-3), the aging group (administered subcutaneous injection of D-galactose), the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) solution group (administered eye drops of TNF-α). Anterior segment photography, conjunctival tissue light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were performed after 12wk. RESULTS: Among all groups, the MMPs group had the following changes: the looser connection between the inferior bulbar conjunctiva and sclera; the more disordered collagen fibers (Trichrome staining) and the broken elastic fibers (Aldehyde-fuchsin staining); the focal necrosis of fibroblasts (TEM). CONCLUSION: Administration of MMPs may be a feasible method for the establishment of an animal model of CCH.

13.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 11(7): 1158-1162, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30046533

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the effect of long-term use of topically administered latanoprost on conjunctival thickness (CT) and conjunctival epithelium thickness (CET) in the patients with glaucoma. METHODS: A series of 106 glaucomatous patients were included. Of the 106 eyes, 55 eyes were treated with latanoprost eye drops once a day (latanoprost group), while 51 eyes were treated with carteolol hydrochloride eye drops (carteolol group). All the included patients completed a 2-year follow-up. CT and CET were measured with optical coherence tomography (OCT) in all patients at presentation and at 2-year visit, respectively. Statistical analysis was then performed to compare the change in CT and CET. RESULTS: At presentation, there was no difference in CET (t=0.400, P=0.689) or CT (t=1.14, P=0.259) between the two groups. No significant difference was found in CET (61.65±5.35 µm at baseline, 60.36±6.36 µm at 2-year follow-up, respectively; t=1.977, P=0.0531), while there was a significant decrease in CT from 201.45±14.99 µm at baseline to 167.81±14.57 µm at 2-year visit (t=14.1407, P<0.001) in the latanoprost group. At 2-year follow-up, no statistically difference was found in CET (62.24±5.27 µm; t=1.086, P=0.282) or CT (201.23±12.45 µm; t=1.44, P=0.154) compared to it at baseline (CET: 61.23±5.42 µm; CT: 198.76±13.68 µm, respectively) in the carteolol group. CONCLUSION: A significant decrease in conjunctival thickness is found in glaucoma patients treated with long-term topical latanoprost; its potential effect on the outcome of filtration surgery should be considered.

14.
J Virol ; 92(17)2018 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29925655

RESUMO

Human infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza A viruses causes severe disease and fatalities. We previously identified a potent and broadly neutralizing antibody (bnAb), 13D4, against the H5N1 virus. Here, we report the co-crystal structure of 13D4 in complex with the hemagglutinin (HA) of A/Vietnam/1194/2004 (H5N1). We show that heavy-chain complementarity-determining region 3 (HCDR3) of 13D4 confers broad yet specific neutralization against H5N1, undergoing conformational rearrangement to bind to the receptor binding site (RBS). Further, we show that mutating four critical residues within the RBS-Trp153, Lys156, Lys193, and Leu194-disrupts the binding between 13D4 and HA. Viruses bearing Asn193 instead of Lys/Arg can evade 13D4 neutralization, indicating that Lys193 polymorphism might be, at least in part, involved in the antigenicity of recent H5 genotypes (such as H5N6 and H5N8) as distinguished from H5N1. BnAb 13D4 may offers a template for therapeutic RBS inhibitor design and serve as an indicator of antigenic change for current H5 viruses.IMPORTANCE Infection by highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus remains a threat to public health. Our broadly neutralizing antibody, 13D4, is capable of neutralizing all representative H5N1 viruses and protecting mice against lethal challenge. Structural analysis revealed that 13D4 uses heavy-chain complementarity-determining region 3 (HCDR3) to fit the receptor binding site (RBS) via conformational rearrangement. Four conserved residues within the RBS are critical for the broad potency of 13D4. Importantly, polymorphism of Lys193 on the RBS may be associated with the antigenicity shift from H5N1 to other newly emerging viruses, such as H5N6 and H5N8. Our findings may pave the way for highly pathogenic avian influenza virus vaccine development and therapeutic RBS inhibitor design.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/química , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/química , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Glicoproteínas de Hemaglutininação de Vírus da Influenza/química , Glicoproteínas de Hemaglutininação de Vírus da Influenza/imunologia , Virus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N1/imunologia , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Glicoproteínas de Hemaglutininação de Vírus da Influenza/genética , Evasão da Resposta Imune , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Proteínas Mutantes/genética , Proteínas Mutantes/imunologia , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica
15.
Cancer Manag Res ; 10: 907-929, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29750053

RESUMO

Background: Numerous studies have shown that miRNA levels are closely related to the survival time of patients with colon, rectal, or colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the outcomes of different investigations have been inconsistent. Accordingly, a meta-analysis was conducted to study associations among the three types of cancers. Materials and methods: Studies published in English that estimated the expression levels of miRNAs with survival curves in CRC were identified until May 20, 2017 by online searches in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library by two independent authors. Pooled HRs with 95% CIs were used to estimate the correlation between miRNA expression and overall survival. Results: A total of 63 relevant articles regarding 13 different miRNAs, with 10,254 patients were ultimately included. CRC patients with high expression of blood miR141 (HR 2.52, 95% CI 1.68-3.77), tissue miR21 (HR 1.31, 95% CI 1.12-1.53), miR181a (HR 1.52, 95% CI 1.26-1.83), or miR224 (HR 2.12, 95% CI 1.04-4.34), or low expression of tissue miR126 (HR 1.55, 95% CI 1.24-1.93) had significantly poor overall survival (P<0.05). Conclusion: In general, blood miR141 and tissue miR21, miR181a, miR224, and miR126 had significant prognostic value. Among these, blood miR141 and tissue miR224 were strong biomarkers of prognosis for CRC.

16.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 10(9): 1465-1473, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28944209

RESUMO

The PubMed, MEDLINE databases and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched for information regarding the etiology and pathogenesis of conjunctivochalasis (CCh) and the synthesis and degradation of elastic fibers. After analysis of the literature, we found elastic fibers was a complex protein molecule from the structure and composition; the degradation of elastic fibers was one of the histopathological features of the disease; the vast majority of the factors related to the pathogenesis of CCh ultimately pointed to abnormal elastic fibers. By reasonably speculating, we considered that abnormal elastic fibers cause the conjunctival relaxation. In conclusion, we hypothesize that elastic fibers play an important role in the pathogenesis of CCh. Studies on the mechanism of synthesis, degradation of elastic fibers are helpful to clarify the pathogenesis of the disease and to find effective treatment methods.

17.
Exp Ther Med ; 13(5): 1944-1947, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28565791

RESUMO

Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is of limited usefulness for diagnosing thyroid disease, and few studies have reported its use in diagnosing and treating thyroid cysts. The present study investigated a unique case of diagnosis and treatment of a thyroid cyst by EBUS-TBNA. A 67-year-old male presented with back pain. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography scanning revealed low-density signals in the right lobe of the thyroid. Needle aspiration biopsies and drainage at this site was performed, and EBUS was used for guidance in diagnosing the thyroid cyst. A follow-up chest computed tomography scan indicated that the thyroid lesion had subsequently disappeared. The present study concludes that EBUS-TBNA provides an alternative approach for diagnosing and treating deep thyroid cysts located close to the airway. In all other cases, percutaneous needle aspiration or surgery should be the first choice.

18.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 10(4): 555-559, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28503427

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the expression of matrix metalloproteinases 1 and 3 (MMP-1 and MMP-3) and their tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases 1 and 3 (TIMP-1 and TIMP-3) in the conjunctiva of eyes with conjunctivochalasis (CCh). METHODS: The conjunctival tissue was obtained from the CCh patients and controls, the MMPs/TIMPs expression concentration was determined by enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA) and immunofluorescence staining. The expression levels of MMPs/TIMPs in the CCh fibro-blasts were determined by analyzing its concentration in the cellular supernatant that was abstracted from the in vitro cultured CCh fibroblasts. RESULTS: MMP-1 and MMP-3 levels determined by ELISA were both significantly higher in the CCh group than that in the control group (P=0.042, 0.022, respectively), so was the levels of TIMP-1 (P=0.010). No significant difference in the expression of TIMP-3 in conjunctiva was found between the two groups (P=0.298). The expression of MMP-1 and MMP-3 were both up-regulated significantly in the CCh group (P=0.040, 0.001, respectively) on immuno-fluorescence staining. MMP-1 and MMP-3 expression in the fibroblasts were both significantly higher in the CCh group than that in the control group (P=0.027, 0.001, respectively), while neither the TIMP-1 nor TIMP-3 expression was significantly different between the two groups (P=0.421, 0.237, respectively). CONCLUSION: The overexpression of MMP-1 and MMP-3 in conjunctival tissue and fibroblasts may play an important role in the pathogenesis and development of CCh.

19.
Mol Med Rep ; 15(5): 3111-3120, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28339073

RESUMO

Proteins in the aqueous humor (AH) are important in the induction of cataract development. The identification of cataract-associated proteins assists in identifying patients and predisposed to the condition and improve treatment efficacy. Proteomics analysis has previously been used for identifying protein markers associated with eye diseases; however, few studies have examined the proteomic alterations in cataract development due to high myopia, glaucoma and diabetes. The present study, using the isobaric tagging for relative and absolute protein quantification methodology, aimed to examine cataract-associated proteins in the AH from patients with high myopia, glaucoma or diabetes, and controls. The results revealed that 445 proteins were identified in the AH groups, compared with the control groups, and 146, 264 and 130 proteins were differentially expressed in the three groups of patients, respectively. In addition, 44 of these proteins were determined to be cataract­associated, and the alterations of five randomly selected proteins were confirmed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The biological functions of these 44 cataract-associated proteins were analyzed using Gen Ontology/pathways annotation, in addition to protein­protein interaction network analysis. The results aimed to expand current knowledge of the pathophysiologic characteristics of cataract development and provided a panel of candidates for biomarkers of the disease, which may assist in further diagnosis and the monitoring of cataract development.


Assuntos
Humor Aquoso/química , Catarata/metabolismo , Proteínas do Olho/isolamento & purificação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humor Aquoso/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/análise , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Catarata/diagnóstico , Catarata/genética , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Proteínas do Olho/genética , Proteínas do Olho/metabolismo , Feminino , Glaucoma/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miopia/metabolismo , Proteômica/instrumentação , Proteômica/métodos
20.
Semin Ophthalmol ; 32(5): 631-641, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27367533

RESUMO

This retrospective study aimed to explore refractive regression and central corneal thickness (CCT) following laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) performed for the correction of high myopia in eyes with thin corneas. Forty patients (19 male, 21 female; mean age, 28.5 years) representing 76 treated eyes were included. The mean optical zone was 6.10 ± 0.32 mm, and the mean ablation depth was 121.53 ± 15.48 µm. CCT was significantly greater three years after surgery than at three months after surgery (425.66 ± 15.44 vs. 385.20 ± 12.81, respectively; p<0.001). The mean change in CCT from three months to three years was 40.46 ± 14.02 µm. The SE at three years was greater than that at three months (p<0.001). Although there was refractive regression, these data suggest that LASEK may have utility in the correction of high myopia in eyes with thin corneas.


Assuntos
Córnea/patologia , Ceratectomia Subepitelial Assistida por Laser/métodos , Miopia , Refração Ocular/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Córnea/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miopia/fisiopatologia , Miopia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
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