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1.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(8): 2829-2838, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664456

RESUMO

As an important ecological barrier for the North China Plain, research on the spatial variations of soil nutrients in the southern foot of the Taihang Mountains is of great significance for the forestry ecological construction in this rocky mountainous area. With the typical slopes (the artificial forestland and the natural wild slope) of the southern foot of the Taihang Mountains as the research objects, we used the grid method to arrange sampling points, and combined classical statistics, geostatistics and constrained sorting methods to analyze the spatial variations of soil nutrients. The results showed that: 1) soil total carbon (TC) contents were 6.80-57.05 g·kg-1, and the total nitrogen (TN) contents were 0.74-3.93 g·kg-1. The coefficients of variation of both soil TC and TN were 25.0%-52.8%, belonging to the moderate degree of variation, which were caused by the combination of random and structural factors. The spatial aggregation of soil nutrients decreased with increasing lag distances. 2) The contents of soil nutrients had increasing trends from the top to the bottom of the slopes, with high nutrient values appearing at the bottom of the slopes. 3) The soil bulk density, gravel content, vegetation coverage, and soil water content were the main factors affecting the spatial variability of soil TC and TN on the southern foot of the Taihang Mountains. 4) Soil water content was the main factor affecting soil nutrients at the natural wild slope, but not at the artificial forestland.

2.
Autoimmunity ; : 1-11, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533429

RESUMO

Exosomes isolated from mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) had shown beneficial effect on acute lung injury (ALI). However, the effective components in MSC-derived exosomes need further investigation. ALI mice model was established by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection. In vitro inflammatory model was established by LPS stimulation of MLE-12 cells. The cell proliferation was evaluated by EdU assay. TUNEL and Annexin V/PI were applied to evaluate the apoptosis of tissue and cell respectively. HE staining was performed to evaluate the lung injury. Transmission electronic microscope was used to observe isolated exosomes. Level of cytokines, MDA, KGF were determined by ELISA kit. Direct interaction of miR-132-3p and TRAF6 were verified by dual luciferase assay. The level of mRNA or proteins were determined by qRT-PCR or western blots respectively. TRAF6 was upregulated while miR-132-3p was downregulated in LPS-stimulated ALI model. MiR-132-3p negatively regulated TRAF6 by direct binding. MiR-132-3p potentiated proliferation and suppressed apoptosis of LPS-induced MLE-12 cells at least partly dependent on targeting TRAF6. Treatment of exosome alleviated the LPS-induced ALI in mice and LPS-induced inflammatory response in MLE-12 cells. Moreover, overexpression of miR-132-3p promoted the protective effect of exosomes in LPS-induced MLE-12 cells injury and LPS-induced ALI. Mechanically, it was suggested that miR-132-3p inactivated PI3K/Akt signalling via targeting TRAF6. In the present study, our results indicated that miR-132-3p mediated protective effect of MSC-derived exosomes on LPS-induced ALI. Exosomal miR-132-3p ameliorated LPS-induced ALI via targeting TRAF6 and inactivating PI3K/Akt signalling.

3.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 21(1): 297, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: EPO (erythropoietin) and PDGF (platelet derived growth factor) families are thought to be associated with angiogenesis under hypoxic condition. The sharp rise of intraocular pressure in acute primary angle closure (APAC) results in an inefficient supply of oxygen and nutrients. We aimed to measure the expression of EPO and PDGF family members in APAC eyes and demonstrate their associations with APAC's surgical success rate. METHODS: Concentrations of EPO, PDGF-AA, -BB, -CC and -DD collected in aqueous humor samples of 55 patients recruited were measured. Before operations, correlations between target proteins and IOP (intraocular pressure) were detected between APAC (acute primary angle closure) and cataract patients. Based on the post-operative follow-up, the effects of EPO and PDGF family members on the successful rate of trabeculectomy were tested. RESULTS: The levels of EPO, PDGF-CC and -DD were significantly elevated in the APAC group compared to the cataract group. During the post-operative follow-up, EPO, PDGF-CC and -DD showed significant differences between the success and failure groups. In multivariable linear regression analyses, failed filtration surgery was more likely in APAC eyes with higher EPO level. The Kaplan-Meier survival plot suggested that the success rate in eyes with low EPO level was significantly higher than that in eyes with high EPO level. CONCLUSION: The levels of EPO, PDGF-CC and -DD were significantly elevated in failure group. EPO level correlated with preoperative IOP and numbers of eyedrops, and higher EPO level in aqueous humor is a risk factor for trabeculectomy failure. It can be a biomarker to estimate the severity of APAC and the success rate of surgery. The investigation of mechanism of EPO in APAC a may have potential clinical applications for the surgical treatment of APAC.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Fechado , Trabeculectomia , Doença Aguda , Indutores da Angiogênese , Glaucoma de Ângulo Fechado/cirurgia , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346000

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a fatal inflammatory response syndrome. LncRNA XIST (XIST) is a lung cancer-related gene and participates in pneumonia. However, whether XIST participates in lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced ALI remains unclear. LPS-induced inflammation model was constructed in vitro, then cell viability, cytokines, cell apoptosis, protein, and mRNA expressions were individually detected by cell counting kit-8, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytometry, Western blot, and qRT-PCR. A dual-luciferase reporter assay confirmed the relationships among XIST, miR-132-3p, and MAPK14. Furthermore, inflammation and conditions after knockdown of XIST were assessed by hematoxylin and eosin staining, lung wet-to-dry weight ratio, PaO2/FiO2 ratio, and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents using LPS-induced in vivo model. Our findings indicated that the LPS challenge decreased cell viability, increased cell apoptosis, and caused secretions of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Noticeably, LPS significantly upregulated XIST, MAPK14, and downregulated miR-132-3p. Mechanistically, XIST acted as a molecular sponge to suppress miR-132-3p, and MAPK14 was identified as a target of miR-132-3p. Functional analyses demonstrated that XIST silencing remarkably increased cell survival and alleviated cell death and lung injury through decreasing TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, accumulation of inflammatory cells, alveolar hemorrhage, MDA release, and increased PaO2/FiO2 ratio, as well as upregulating Bcl-2, and downregulating Bax, MAPK14, and p-extracellular signal-regulated kinases ½. In contrast, inhibition of the miR-132-3p antagonized the effects of XIST silencing. In conclusion, inhibition of XIST exhibited a protective role in LPS-induced ALI through modulating the miR-132-3p/MAPK14 axis.

5.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 114(6): 731-739, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33675452

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, aerobic, non-motile, pleomorphic, red-pigmented bacterium, designated HNSRY-1T, was isolated from the blood sample of a near drowning patient in Republic of China. Strain HNSRY-1T grew at 15-37 °C (optimum, 35 °C), with pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and 0-1.5% (W/V) NaCl (optimum, 1%). The predominant fatty acids (> 5%) in HNSRY-1T cells are iso-C15:0, C17:0, C17:1 ω8c, C16:0, and C16:1 ω6c/C16:1 ω7c. The major respiratory quinone is MK-8. The polar lipids are phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, three unidentified lipids and four unidentified aminolipids. The 16S rRNA gene sequence-based phylogenetic analysis indicated that strain HNSRY-1T belonged to the family Silvanigrellaceae, forming a distinct phylogenetic line distantly related (< 96.4% sequence similarity) to known species of the family. The ANI values of strain HNSRY-1T compared to the closely related species were below the determined genus division threshold limit (92-94% ANI), and AAI values were lower than the determined genus division threshold limit (80% AAI). Whole genome sequencing revealed a genome size of 3.63 Mb with a DNA G + C content at 29.6%. The half-lethal dose of strain HNSRY-1T on KM mice is about 1.12 × 108 CFU/ml. Virulence gene analysis showed that the pathogenicity of HNSRY-1T may be related to tufA, htpB, katA, wbtL, wbtM, pseB, clpP, cheY, cheV3, acpXL, pilB, fliN, ggt, flgG, fliP, nueB, pseA, bioB and flil. Based on these findings from the polyphasic taxonomy studies, a novel genus and species of the family Silvanigrellaceae. Pigmentibacter ruber gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed, with type strain HNSRY-1T (= KCTC 72920T = CGMCC 1.18525T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae , Fosfolipídeos , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Humanos , Camundongos , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
6.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(2): 591-600, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33650369

RESUMO

Accurate spatial distribution information of soil properties would be helpful for improving the accuracy of soil organic carbon storage estimation. In this study, terrain factors were used as predictors, and the fuzzy C-means (FCM) clustering method was used to make digital soil prediction mapping for soil organic carbon content, soil bulk density, soil depth, and soil gravel content in Nanshan forest farm in Jiyuan City of Henan Province. Based on the digital mapping results, the prediction mapping of soil organic carbon density and the estimation of soil organic carbon storage were realized. The results showed that the average soil organic carbon density in the study area based on the digital soil mapping method was 4.24 kg·m-2, the mean error (ME), mean absolute error (MAE) and root mean square error (RMSE) of the prediction map were 0.08, 2.80 and 5.03 kg·m-2, respectively. The accuracy, stability and reliability of the prediction results were higher than the tradiation methods. The soil organic carbon storage in the study area was estimated to be 3.08×108 kg. Based on the digital soil mapping technology, only a small number of soil samples could be used to map and estimate the soil organic carbon density with high accuracy, which could characterize the spatial distribution characteristics of soil organic carbon density. This study provided a new way to estimate soil organic carbon storage, which would help to improve the accuracy and efficiency of soil organic carbon storage estimation.


Assuntos
Carbono , Solo , Carbono/análise , China , Florestas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
Scand J Gastroenterol ; 56(3): 252-258, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33399501

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The relationship between hepatitis B virus (HBV) and pancreatic cancer has been controversial for years, but more recently new information on this relationship has been updated Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to provide summary estimates of the risk of pancreatic cancer associated with HBV infection. METHODS: A systematic literature search on HBV and pancreatic cancer in English was performed in Pubmed, Cochrane library and Embase up to July 2020. Pooled rate ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by the random-effects model. Stata software version 15.1 was used to perform this meta-analysis of the 17 studies considered to be eligible. RESULTS: 17 studies including 7 case-control and 10 cohort studies met the selection criteria. Begg's and Egger's test results indicated that there was no publication bias. Individuals with Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or HBV DNA seropositivity had a significantly increased risk of pancreatic cancer showing an RR (95% CI) of 1.39 (1.19, 1.63). Similar conclusions were drawn from the results of the subgroup analysis (subgroup by study design, population, sex ratio) except when subgrouped by patient's region: the RR and 95% CI in Europe and Oceania were 1.44 (0.88, 2.34) and 1.47(0.38, 5.71) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this meta-analysis suggest that HBV infections may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer under most conditions, while there remains some doubt when comparison is made between European and Oceania patients.


Assuntos
Hepatite B , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B , Humanos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/etiologia
8.
Psychosom Med ; 82(9): 823-829, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the developmental pattern of diurnal cortisol rhythm during pubertal transition and its prospective association with psychopathological symptoms. METHODS: A cohort of 1158 children consisting of 608 boys and 550 girls aged 7 to 9 years (mean [standard deviation] age = 8.04 [0.61] years) were recruited in the Anhui Province of China in 2015 (wave 1). A single awakening sample was collected at baseline, and three additional samples were collected at one weekday in wave 2 to wave 4. Four indices of cortisol activity were evaluated and calculated across the day: awakening cortisol level, cortisol awakening response, the area under the curve with respect to ground (AUC), and the diurnal cortisol slope. In each wave, pubertal development was assessed by testicular size in boys and Tanner scales in girls. Psychopathological symptoms were ascertained in waves 2 to 4. RESULTS: Multilevel mixed models revealed no significant pubertal changes in diurnal cortisol activity in girls. In boys, awakening cortisol (ß = -0.005, p = .004) and total cortisol output (lnAUC, ß = -0.005, p = .040) significantly decreased across pubertal transition. Higher awakening cortisol and total cortisol output (lnAUC) were associated with higher scores on internalizing symptoms in girls (ß = 0.82, p < .001; ß = 0.62, p = .012) and externalizing symptoms in boys (ß = 0.73, p = .001; ß = 0.55, p = .019) during the 3-year follow-up. In contrast, no associations were found between cortisol awakening response and diurnal cortisol slope with psychopathological symptom scores in boys or girls. CONCLUSIONS: Development of diurnal cortisol activity during pubertal transition occurs in a sex-specific manner. Awakening cortisol level and daily total cortisol output may serve as markers for psychopathology during pubertal transition.

9.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 53: 102353, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927309

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most common psychiatric condition after childbirth which not only effects the mother's health, but also might have impact on child's development and parenting behaviors. Because the etiology of PPD has not been fully cleared, the efforts towards identification of risk factors are crucial for both the children and mother's health. METHOD: PubMed, EMBASE and PsycINFO databases were searched since inception until July 2019 to collect data about the risk factors of PPD and only systematic review and meta-analysis can be included. RESULT: To identify the real risk factors, protective factors and controversial factors, nineteen parts of the interpretation were adopted. The risk factors are mainly concentrated in the following aspects: violence and abuse, immigration status, gestational diabetes, cesarean section, depressive history, vitamin D deficiency, obese and overweight, postpartum sleep disruption and poor postpartum sleep, lack of social support, traditional dietary pattern (Japanese, Indian, United Kingdom, and Brazilian dietary pattern), multiple births, preterm and low-birth-weight infants, postpartum anemia, negative birth experience. The controversial factors are serum level of cortisol, thyroid peroxidase autoantibodies status, acculturation, traditional confinement practices. Skin-to-skin care, higher concentrations of DHA in mothers' milk, greater seafood consumption, healthy dietary patterns, multivitamin supplementation, fish and PUFA intake, calcium, Vitamin D, zinc and possibly selenium are protective factors. CONCLUSION: Thirteen risk factors were identified, but five factors still controversial due to the insufficient of the evidence. What's more, skin-to-skin care and some nutrition related factors are protective factors against PPD.


Assuntos
Depressão Pós-Parto , Brasil , Cesárea , Criança , Depressão Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Depressão Pós-Parto/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Reino Unido
10.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(9): 975-979, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933629

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical features of aerophagia in children. MEYJODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 46 children with aerophagia who were diagnosed and treated in Children's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from October 2011 to September 2019. RESULTS: Among these 46 children, 15 (33%) had Tourette syndrome. Abdominal distension was the most common symptom and was observed in 45 children (98%). The 24-hour esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance monitoring showed a mean number of 341 times of air swallowing and a mean number of 212 times of gas reflux, and 95% of gas refluxes occurred in the upright body position. Compared with those without Tourette syndrome, the children with Tourette syndrome had a significantly higher incidence rate of air swallowing symptoms (67% vs 6%, P<0.001), but there were no significant differences in other symptoms and the results of 24-hour esophageal impedance. Dietary adjustment, psycho-behavioral therapy, and drug intervention significantly improved the scores of clinical symptoms and quality of life, among which psycho-behavioral therapy was an important intervention measure. CONCLUSIONS: Some children with aerophagia may have Tourette syndrome, and such children are more likely to have air swallowing symptoms. Psycho-behavioral therapy is one of the most important treatment methods, and children with aerophagia tend to have a good prognosis after treatment.


Assuntos
Aerofagia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Criança , Impedância Elétrica , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Pulm Pharmacol Ther ; 64: 101934, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32805387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dihydroquercetin (DHQ) is a potent flavonoid which has been demonstrated to have multiple biological activities including anti-inflammation activity, antioxidant activity as well as anti-cancer activity etc. Recently, many studies have focused on the antioxidant activity of DHQ. However, the use of the anti-inflammation activity of DHQ in acute lung injury (ALI) has not been reported. METHODS: Cell viability was examined by CCK-8 assay. The relative expression of miR-132-3p, FOXO3 were detected by qPCR. The levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß were detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The amount of apoptosis cells was detected by flow cytometry. The protein levels of Bcl-2, Bax, p-p65 and p-IκBα were measured by western blot. RESULTS: We found that DHQ-induced the expression of miR-132-3p in LPS-induced ALI. Overexpression of miR-132-3p resulted in the inhibition of FOXO3 expression and then suppressed FOXO3-activated NF-κB pathway, attenuating LPS-induced inflammatory response and apoptosis. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated FOXO3 to be a target of miR-132-3p, and DHQ could induce the expression of miR-132-3p, relieving LPS-induced ALI via miR-132-3p/FOXO3/NF-κB axis, providing a promising therapeutic target for ALI.

12.
Indian Heart J ; 72(2): 93-100, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534695

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The different etiology of HF has different prognostic risk factors. Prognosis assessment of ICM and NICM has important clinical value. This study is aimed to explore the predicting factors for ICM and NICM. METHODS: 1082 HFrEF patients were retrospectively enrolled from Jan. 01, 2016 to Dec. 31, 2017. On Jan. 31, 2019, 873 patients were enrolled for analysis excluding incomplete, unfollowed, and unexplained data. The patients were divided into ischemic and non-ischemic group. The differences in clinical characteristics and long-term prognosis between the two groups were analyzed, and multivariate Cox analysis was used to predict the respective all-cause mortality, SCD and rehospitalization of CHF. RESULTS: 873 patients aged 64(53,73) were divided into two groups: ICM (403, 46.16%) and NICM. At the end, 203 died (111 in ICM, 54.68%), of whom 87 had SCD (53 in ICM, 60.92%) and 269 had rehospitalization for HF(134 in ICM, 49.81%). Independent risk factors affecting all-cause mortality in ICM: DM, previous hospitalization of HF, age, eGFR, LVEF; for SCD: PVB, eGFR, Hb, revascularization; for readmission of HF: low T3 syndrome, PVB, DM, previous hospitalization of HF, eGFR. Otherwise; factors affecting all-cause mortality in NICM: NYHA III-IV, paroxysmal AF/AFL, previous hospitalization of HF, ß-blocker; for SCD: low T3 syndrome, PVB, nitrates, sodium, ß-blocker; for rehospitalization of HF: paroxysmal AF/AFL, previous admission of HF, LVEF. CONCLUSIONS: Both all-cause mortality and SCD in ICM is higher than that in NICM. Different etiologies of CHF have different risk factors affecting the prognosis.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Idoso , Cardiomiopatias/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 127: 110167, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32344258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of valproic acid (VPA) on autophagic flux in multiple myeloma (MM) cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cell proliferation was assayed by the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. The qRT-PCR was used to measure the expressions of LC3-II at mRNA level. Autophagic flux was measured by LC3-II turnover using western blot analysis and flow cytometry using the fluorescent dye Cyto-ID. An assay using the RFP-GFP-LC3 tandem construct was performed to monitor autophagic flux. Cell proliferation assay showed that VPA could inhibit the proliferation of MM cells and the inhibitory effects were enhanced with the extension of time. The qRT-PCR and western blot showed that the expression level of LC3-II in the VPA plus CQ group was significantly higher than that in CQ group. Cyto-ID autophagy test showed that the intracellular average fluorescence intensity in VPA plus CQ group was significantly higher than that in control and VPA group (all p < 0.001). The results of RFP-GFP-LC3 tandem construct showed that the numbers of yellow puncta and red puncta in VPA group was higher than that in control group. CONCLUSIONS: VPA could inhibit the proliferation of MM cells and the inhibitory effects were enhanced with the extension of time. VPA could enhance autophagic flux in MM cells, and the increase of autophagosomes was caused by autophagy enhancement rather than inhibition. These findings provided rationale for the treatment of MM with VPA.


Assuntos
Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Valproico/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Autofagossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagossomos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia
14.
Yi Chuan ; 42(1): 45-56, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31956096

RESUMO

Phase separation drives biomacromolecule condensation (phase separation) and is the main mechanism for the formation of membrane-less organelles in cells. Phase separation is involved in many biological processes and is closely associated to various human diseases, e.g., neurodegenerative diseases. Focusing on the molecular mechanism and functions, researchers have recently revealed close associations s between phase separation and various biological functions, such as signal transduction, chromosome structure, gene expression, and transcriptional regulation. These findings have provided new perspectives in understanding cell fate decisions and disease processes, thereby offering novel approaches for future drug discovery and development of disease treatments in medicine. In this review, we summarized the current progress in the field of phase separation research. We focused on its application on understanding how phase separation remodels the chromatin structure, assembles co-activators and super-enhancers in regulation of gene expression, in order to further understand the relationship between phase separation and chromatin spatial structures. Finally, we also outline the challenges in reference to future research directions in the field.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Cromatina/química , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Transdução de Sinais
15.
Pulmonology ; 26(1): 18-26, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412983

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Asthma, a common chronic inflammatory disease, is treated with corticosteroid in most cases, but corticosteroid resistance in severe asthma patients seriously impairs the therapeutic effects. LncRNA-CASC7 inhibits cell proliferation and enhances drug sensitivity, but the molecular mechanisms of corticosteroid resistance in severe asthma are still unknown. METHODS: Airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) from healthy and severe asthmatic subjects were used in this study. The expression of CASC7 and miR-21 were modified by transfection with the pcDNA3.1-CASC7, miR-21 mimics and inhibitor. MTT assay was conducted to measure cell proliferation. ELISA assay was used to determine the secretion of CCL5, CCL11 and IL-6. The phosphorylation of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and the PI3K/AKT signaling were assessed by western blotting assays. qRT-PCR was used to analyze the expression of CASC7, miR-21 and PTEN. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to assess the interaction among CASC7, miR-21 and PTEN. RESULTS: Compared with AMSCs from severe asthma patients, dexamethasone inhibited cytokines (CCL5, CCL11 and IL-6) and promoted the phosphorylation of GR more significantly in normal AMSCs. CASC7 expression was suppressed while miR-21 expression and AKT activity were promoted in ASMCs from severe asthma patients. CASC7 promoted PTEN expression via directly inhibiting miR-21 expression. Overexpression of CASC7 suppressed the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway and promoted the inhibition effects of dexamethasone on cell proliferation and cytokines secretion via targeting miR-21. CONCLUSION: CASC7 increased corticosteroid sensitivity by inhibiting the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway via targeting miR-21, which provided a promising potential target for designing novel therapeutic strategy for severe asthma.


Assuntos
Asma/genética , Dexametasona/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Adulto , Apoptose , Asma/diagnóstico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/biossíntese , RNA Longo não Codificante/biossíntese , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transdução de Sinais
16.
Turk J Med Sci ; 49(4): 1079-1084, 2019 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340633

RESUMO

Background/aim: This study aimed to investigate the effect of technical details of percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) on the clinical outcomes of patients with infected necrotizing pancreatitis (INP). Materials and methods: A total of 44 INP patients treated in our hospital from October 2013 to October 2015 were included. The correlations of the first PCD treatment data and the clinical outcomes were analyzed. Results: The number of catheters was positively correlated with hospital readmission (r = 0.335, P = 0.032). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that patients with ≥ 3 catheters were more likely to have hospital readmission. Patients with pleural effusion undergoing thoracentesis were more likely to have new intensive care unit admission (P = 0.025) and bleeding in need of intervention (P = 0.032). Patients with more effusion regions had higher incidences of mortality (P = 0.012) and new intensive care unit admissions (2.44 ± 1.03 vs. 1.88 ± 0.80; P = 0.059). Patients with PCD only were less likely to have new intensive care unit admissions (22.22% vs. 54.55%; P = 0.038) than those with PCD + small incision or/and videoscopic assisted retroperitoneal debridement. Conclusion: Number of catheters greater than three was associated with unfavorable outcomes of PCD treatment in INP patients. Patients that received PCD treatment only had better outcomes.


Assuntos
Drenagem , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda , Adulto , Cateteres , Desbridamento , Drenagem/efeitos adversos , Drenagem/métodos , Drenagem/mortalidade , Drenagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/diagnóstico , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/epidemiologia , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/mortalidade , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/cirurgia , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(2): 511-517, 2019 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30915803

RESUMO

To explore the effects of forest types and slope positions on the content of soil organic carbon (SOC) and total nitrogen (TN) in the lower hilly area of Taihang Mountains, we examined the distribution pattern of SOC and TN contents in Quercus variabilis plantation (Qo), and Platycladus orientalis plantation (Po), and abandoned land (Al). The results showed that in the same forest type or slope position, the contents of SOC and TN gradually decreased with increasing soil depth. Under different slope conditions, the contents of SOC and TN showed the tendency of upper-slope (U) > middle-slope (M) > lower-slope (L) in the planted forests (Qo and Po), but showed the tendency of L>U>M in Al. Under different forest types, the contents of SOC and TN in the U and M showed the trend of Qo>Po>Al. At the LS, the contents of SOC and TN of Al were the highest. The C/N ratio followed an order of Qo>Po> Al at U and M, while Qo>Al> Po at L. Within the same forest type, C/N of different slopes was different, but not significant. Our results suggested that the adaptability of the Qo plantation is the best in the lower hilly area of Taihang Mountains.


Assuntos
Florestas , Carbono , Queixo , Nitrogênio , Solo
18.
J Invest Surg ; 32(7): 632-641, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29557691

RESUMO

Previous studies have indicated that sirolimus (SRL) may be effective for HCC patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT). However, the following results are still contradictory and do not have a clear conclusion. Therefore, we conducted an updated meta-analysis by retrieving published data in EMBASE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library up to October 2017. Both efficiency and safety of SRL were analyzed using pooled odds ratio (ORs) with 95% confidence interval (CIs). A total of 11 studies involving 7,695 HCC patients were included. Compared with control group, SRL prolonged 1-year (OR = 2.44; CI = 1.66-3.59), 3 year (OR = 1.67; CI = 1.08-2.58) and 5-year (OR = 1.68; CI = 1.21-2.33) overall survival, as well as 1-year (OR = 2.13; CI = 1.19-3.81) disease-free survival. Pooled results found that SRL-treated patients had lower recurrence (OR = 0.60; CI = 0.37-0.98), lower recurrence-related mortality (OR = 0.58; CI = 0.42-0.81) and lower overall mortality (OR = 0.62; CI = 0.44-0.89). Moreover, fewer SRL-treated patients suffered from portal vein thrombosis (OR = 0.29; CI, 0.09-0.91) and diabetes (OR = 0.23; CI = 0.12-0.47), while SRL-treated patients were more vulnerable to acne compared with the control group (OR = 4.44; CI = 1.56-12.60). No significant differences in other adverse effects were found between two groups. Taken together, SRL-based immunosuppression is safe and effective in improving survival, as well as reducing recurrence and mortality for HCC patients following LT.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/etiologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Rejeição de Enxerto/imunologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Veia Porta , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Sirolimo/efeitos adversos , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/etiologia
19.
Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes ; 127(1): 41-49, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29972851

RESUMO

Diabetes remains a long standing public health issue among the Chinese population, with an incidence of up to 11.6%, of which type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) accounts for 85%-95%. During this study, we aimed to elucidate the value of high-frequency ultrasonography (HFUS) combined with serum resistin on vascular remodeling (VR) in carotid atherosclerosis (CA) among patients suffering from T2DM. A total of 432 T2DM were recruited and assigned into the short T2DM duration group (<5 years), middle T2DM duration group (5~10 years) and long T2DM duration group (>10 years), while another 172 healthy cases were recruited as the control group. The intima-media thickness (IMT) as well as plaque score, detection rate and type were detected by the HFUS. The respective blood pressure readings were measured and pulse pressure was calculated accordingly. The serum resistin level, remodeling incidence and type, levels of total cholesterol (TC), fasting blood glucose (FBG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density liproprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and triglyceride (TG) were measured. The correlation between IMT, the plaque detection rate and blood pressure were analyzed. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was constructed in order to evaluate the impact of VR in CA on T2DM patients who were solely using HFUS and serum resistin respectively, as well as a combination of HFUS with serum resistin. As In comparison with the control group, the short, middle and long T2DM duration groups all displayed increased IMT, plaque score and detection rate, serum resistin level and VR incidence, especially for the long T2DM duration group. Levels of TC, TG, FBG and LDL-C were much higher while HDL-C was lower among patients with T2DM than those in the control group. A positive correlation was detected between the disease course and IMT. The detection rate of plaque with thickening IMT exhibited upregulated levels when compared to those with normal IMT. The HFUS, serum resistin and HFUS combined with serum resistin respective areas under the ROC curve were 0.873, 0.867 and 0.923, respectively, suggesting that the combination of HFUS and serum resistin was superior to that of individual HFUS or individual serum resistin in regard to the impact of VR in CA on T2DM patients. The results of this study revealed that the combination of HFUS and serum resistin was superior to individual HFUS or individual serum resistin in relation to its ability to evaluate the impact of VR in CA in patients with T2DM.


Assuntos
Doenças das Artérias Carótidas , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Angiopatias Diabéticas , Resistina/sangue , Remodelação Vascular , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/sangue , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiopatias Diabéticas/sangue , Angiopatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiopatias Diabéticas/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ultrassonografia
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(47): e12999, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30461605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the current meta-analysis, we focus on the exploration of percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) in terms of its overall safety as well as efficacy in the treatment of infected pancreatitis necrosis based on qualified studies. METHODS: The following electronic databases were searched to identify eligible studies through the use of index words updated to May 2018: PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase. Relative risk (RR) or mean difference (MD) along with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were utilized for the main outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 622 patients in the PCD group and 650 patients in the control group from 13 studies were included in the present meta-analysis. The aggregated results indicated that the incidence of bleeding was decreased significantly (RR: 0.42, 95% CI: 0.25-0.70) in the PCD group as compared with the control group. In addition, PCD decreased the mortality (RR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.41-1.42), hospital duration (SMD: -0.22, 95% CI: -0.77 to -0.33), duration in intensive care unit (ICU) (SMD: -0.13, 95% CI: -0.30 to -0.04), pancreatic fistula (RR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.46-1.17), and organ failure (RR: 0.91, 95% CI: 0.45-1.82) in comparison with the control group, but without statistical significance. CONCLUSION: Our findings provide evidence for the treatment effect of PCD in the decrease of bleeding, mortality, duration in hospital and ICU, pancreatic fistula, organ failure as compared with the surgical treatment. In conclusion, further studies based on high-quality RCTs with larger sample size and long-term follow-ups are warranted for the confirmation of PCD efficacy in treating infected pancreatitis necrosis.


Assuntos
Drenagem/efeitos adversos , Drenagem/métodos , Infecções/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/cirurgia , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Infecções/mortalidade , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/prevenção & controle , Fístula Pancreática/prevenção & controle , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/microbiologia , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/mortalidade
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