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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3133-3143, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467705

RESUMO

To study the effect of mineral Chloriti Lapis on pulmonary metabolites and metabolic pathways in lung tissues of rats with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(AECOPD). The AECOPD rat model of phlegm heat syndrome was replicated by the method of smoking combined with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection. Except for using UPLC-Q-TOF-MS analysis, SPSS 18.0, SIMCA 13.0 and other software were also used for statistical analysis. Through literature search and online database comparison, the differential metabolites were identified, and the possible metabolic pathways were analyzed. After 15 days of administration, PLS-DA analysis was carried out on lung tissue samples of rats in each group. The results showed that the metabolic profiles of lung tissues of rats in each group could be well separated, which indicated that Chloriti Lapis and aminophylline had significant intervention effect on the lung metabolic profile of rats with AECOPD. Moreover, the metabolic profile of Chloriti Lapis group was closer to that of control group, and the intervention effect was better than that of aminophylline group. As a result, 15 potential differential metabolites were identified: phytosphingosine, sphinganine, tetradecanoylcarnitine, L-palmitoylcarnitine, elaidic carnitine, lysoPC[18∶2(9Z,12Z)], lysoPC(16∶0), lysoPC[18∶1(9Z)], lysoPC(18∶0), stearic acid, lysoPC(15∶0), arachidonic acid, docosapentaenoic acid, linoleic acid and palmitic acid. Among them, Chloriti Lapis could significantly improve the levels of 10 differential metabolites of phytosphingosine, tetradecanoylcarnitine, L-palmitoylcarnitine, elaidic carnitine, lysoPC[18∶2(9Z,12Z)], lysoPC(16∶0), lysoPC[18∶1(9Z)], stearic acid, lysoPC(15∶0), and palmitic acid(P<0.05). The intervention effect of Chloriti Lapis group was better than that of aminophylline group. Analysis of metabolic pathways showed that there were 8 possible metabolic pathways that could be affected, and three of the most important metabolic pathways(pathway impact>0.1) were involved: linoleic acid metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and sphingolipid metabolism. Chloriti Lapis had obvious intervention effects on lung tissue-related metabolites and metabolic pathways in rats with AECOPD, and the effect was better than that of aminophyllinne.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Animais , Pulmão , Metabolômica , Minerais , Ratos
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3694-3704, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402294

RESUMO

The effects of Chloriti Lapis on metal elements in plasma and lung tissue of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease( AECOPD) rats were studied. The rat AECOPD model with phlegm heat syndrome was established by smoking combined with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection. After the rats were treated by Chloriti Lapis,the contents of metal elements in plasma and lung tissue were determined by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy( ICP-OES) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry( ICP-MS). The changes in the contents of metal elements were analyzed by SPSS 18. 0. Further,the correlations of differential metal elements( including Cu/Zn ratio) with differential metabolites in plasma,lung tissue and urine of AECOPD rats treated with Chloriti Lapis were analyzed. The results showed that Chloriti Lapis significantly up-regulated the contents of Fe,Al,Mn,Cu,Zn,Sn( P<0. 05),V,Co( P< 0. 01) and Cu/Zn ratio( P< 0. 05),and significantly down-regulated the contents of Ti( P< 0. 05)and Pb( P<0. 05) in the model rat plasma. It significantly increased the content of Be( P<0. 05) and decreased the contents of Mg,Ti and Al( P<0. 01) in model rat lung tissue. The element profiles of normal group,model group and Chloriti Lapis group can be well separated. Chloriti Lapis group and other groups were clustered into two categories. The taurine in plasma and phytosphingosine in lung tissue had the strongest correlations with differential metal elements. The Fe,Al,Mg,Be,Ti,V,Mn,Cu,Zn,Sn,and Co in Chloriti Lapis may directly or indirectly participate in the intervention of AECOPD rats. This group of metal elements may be the material basis of Chloriti Lapis acting on AECOPD rats,and reduce the Cu/Zn value in vivo. It was further confirmed that Chloriti Lapis could interfere with the metabolic pathways of taurine and hypotaurine in plasma and urine as well as the sphingolipid metabolism pathway in lung tissue of AECOPD rats. In addition,this study confirmed that long-term smoking can cause high-concentration Cd accumulation in the lung and damage the lung tissue.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Oligoelementos , Animais , Pulmão , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Minerais , Ratos , Análise Espectral , Oligoelementos/análise
3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5026, 2021 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34408158

RESUMO

Nationwide prospective surveillance of all-age patients with acute respiratory infections was conducted in China between 2009‒2019. Here we report the etiological and epidemiological features of the 231,107 eligible patients enrolled in this analysis. Children <5 years old and school-age children have the highest viral positivity rate (46.9%) and bacterial positivity rate (30.9%). Influenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus and human rhinovirus are the three leading viral pathogens with proportions of 28.5%, 16.8% and 16.7%, and Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Klebsiella pneumoniae are the three leading bacterial pathogens (29.9%, 18.6% and 15.8%). Negative interactions between viruses and positive interactions between viral and bacterial pathogens are common. A Join-Point analysis reveals the age-specific positivity rate and how this varied for individual pathogens. These data indicate that differential priorities for diagnosis, prevention and control should be highlighted in terms of acute respiratory tract infection patients' demography, geographic locations and season of illness in China.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/microbiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/virologia , Viroses/virologia , Vírus/isolamento & purificação , Adolescente , Adulto , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Infecções Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Estações do Ano , Viroses/epidemiologia , Vírus/classificação , Vírus/genética , Adulto Jovem
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(9): 2142-2148, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047114

RESUMO

Metallomics is a frontier interdisciplinary subject at its vigorous development stage. Its goal is to systematically study the content, distribution, chemical species, structural characteristics and functions of metal elements in biological system. It is also a comprehensive discipline to study the existing state and function of free or complex metal elements in life. Metallomics is an ideal tool to study the biological behavior of inorganic elements, which can be used to solve many problems in the research of mineral Chinese medicine(MCM). It provides a strong theoretical basis and technical support for the research of MCM. Its theory and methods provide re-ference and enlightenment for the in-depth study of MCM, and also provide new ideas and open up new ways for the research of MCM. The application of metallomics theory and methods in the research of MCM is of great significance to reveal the material basis and mec-hanism of MCM, promote the process of basic research on MCM, fully exploit and utilize medicinal mineral resources and carry forward the traditional MCM treasure in China. In this paper, we introduced the concept, academic development, research content and research methods of metallomics, and discussed the application prospects of metallomics in the analysis of inorganic element composition characteristics and quality control, material basis and mechanism of MCM, so as to provide reference for further researches on MCM.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , China , Minerais , Controle de Qualidade
6.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 452, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34011281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has impacted populations around the world, with the fatality rate varying dramatically across countries. Selenium, as one of the important micronutrients implicated in viral infections, was suggested to play roles. METHODS: An ecological study was performed to assess the association between the COVID-19 related fatality and the selenium content both from crops and topsoil, in China. RESULTS: Totally, 14,045 COVID-19 cases were reported from 147 cities during 8 December 2019-13 December 2020 were included. Based on selenium content in crops, the case fatality rates (CFRs) gradually increased from 1.17% in non-selenium-deficient areas, to 1.28% in moderate-selenium-deficient areas, and further to 3.16% in severe-selenium-deficient areas (P = 0.002). Based on selenium content in topsoil, the CFRs gradually increased from 0.76% in non-selenium-deficient areas, to 1.70% in moderate-selenium-deficient areas, and further to 1.85% in severe-selenium-deficient areas (P < 0.001). The zero-inflated negative binomial regression model showed a significantly higher fatality risk in cities with severe-selenium-deficient selenium content in crops than non-selenium-deficient cities, with incidence rate ratio (IRR) of 3.88 (95% CIs: 1.21-12.52), which was further confirmed by regression fitting the association between CFR of COVID-19 and selenium content in topsoil, with the IRR of 2.38 (95% CIs: 1.14-4.98) for moderate-selenium-deficient cities and 3.06 (1.49-6.27) for severe-selenium-deficient cities. CONCLUSIONS: Regional selenium deficiency might be related to an increased CFR of COVID-19. Future studies are needed to explore the associations between selenium status and disease outcome at individual-level.


Assuntos
COVID-19/diagnóstico , Selênio/análise , COVID-19/mortalidade , COVID-19/virologia , China/epidemiologia , Produtos Agrícolas/química , Humanos , Micronutrientes/análise , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Selênio/deficiência , Solo/química , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 481, 2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34039295

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic has been largely controlled in China, to the point where case fatality rate (CFR) data can be comprehensively evaluated. METHODS: Data on confirmed patients, with a final outcome reported as of 29 March 2020, were obtained from official websites and other internet sources. The hospitalized CFR (HCFR) was estimated, epidemiological features described, and risk factors for a fatal outcome identified. RESULTS: The overall HCFR in China was estimated to be 4.6% (95% CI 4.5-4.8%, P < 0.001). It increased with age and was higher in males than females. Although the highest HCFR observed was in male patients ≥70 years old, the relative risks for death outcome by sex varied across age groups, and the greatest HCFR risk ratio for males vs. females was shown in the age group of 50-60 years, higher than age groups of 60-70 and ≥ 70 years. Differential age/sex HCFR patterns across geographical regions were found: the age effect on HCFR was greater in other provinces outside Hubei than in Wuhan. An effect of longer interval from symptom onset to admission was only observed outside Hubei, not in Wuhan. By performing multivariate analysis and survival analysis, the higher HCFR was associated with older age (both P < 0.001), and male sex (both P < 0.001). Only in regions outside Hubei, longer interval from symptom onset to admission, were associated with higher HCFR. CONCLUSIONS: This up-to-date and comprehensive picture of COVID-19 HCFR and its drivers will help healthcare givers target limited medical resources to patients with high risk of fatality.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Tempo para o Tratamento
8.
Pain Res Manag ; 2021: 6655211, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33680225

RESUMO

Objectives: To provide a comprehensive review on the global scientific research status of comorbid pain and inflammation from 1981 to 2019 and capture its subsequent development trends. Data Sources. The primary database chosen to collect publications on comorbid pain and inflammation research from 1981 to 2019 was the Web of Science (WOS). Core of the search strategy was the key word "pain" and the key word "inflammation" in the medical subject headings' major field. Study Selection. All articles retrieved were included in the bibliometric analysis. Data Extraction. We used CiteSpace to analyze publication outputs, subject categories, distribution by country/institution/journal, and other types of information. Then, knowledge base, hot issues, and future development directions were explained. Data Synthesis. A total of 2887 papers met the inclusion criteria in our research. Linear regression analysis results showed that the publications of studies of comorbid pain and inflammation significantly increased (P < 0.001) and have grown about 192 times in 40 years. The countries with the most outputs were the USA (886 publications), China (375 publications), and England (236 publications). Besides, Harvard University was the most prolific institution with 730 publications and 6646 citations. In accordance with the subject categories of WOS, neurosciences (31.832%), pharmacology/pharmacy (18.427%), and clinical neurology (15.206%) were the main research areas of these 2887 papers. Conclusions: The current study reveals that research on comorbid pain and inflammation has gradually become more extensive worldwide since 1981, and neuropathic pain was the most popular study type. Most of our research output in this field came from countries in Europe and North America, although some Asian countries showed promising performance.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Inflamação/complicações , Neuralgia/complicações , Comorbidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
9.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e928109, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33515446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Chewing dysfunction is one of the most common serious complications after a stroke. It may be influenced by the hardness of the masseter muscle and masticatory performance; however, the association between these 2 factors is not explicit. Thus, it is meaningful to explore the functional status of the masseter muscle among stroke patients. The main objectives of this study were to examine the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the MyotonPRO apparatus in measuring masseter muscle hardness in stroke patients and to investigate the correlation between the bilateral masseter muscle hardness and masticatory performance in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 20 stroke patients participated in our study. The hardness of the masseter muscle was measured by 2 physiotherapists using the MyotonPRO apparatus. Overall, each patient masticated 2 pieces of red-blue bicolor chewing gum for 20 chewing cycles each. The chewing pieces were analyzed using ViewGum software for masticatory performance. RESULTS The intra- and inter-rater reliability of the MyotonPRO apparatus for measuring bilateral masseter hardness of stroke patients was excellent. The correlation analysis showed that the hardness index of the masseter muscle on the affected side was moderately correlated with the masticatory performance of the same side. CONCLUSIONS The MyotonPRO device can be used for measuring the masseter muscle hardness of stroke patients, with excellent reliability. This study established the construct validity between the stiffness of the masseter muscle and masticatory performance.


Assuntos
Músculo Masseter/fisiologia , Mastigação/fisiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Goma de Mascar , China , Eletromiografia/métodos , Feminino , Dureza , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Masseter/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
10.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e926578, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33137025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are accompanied by masticatory muscle-related pain, making it meaningful to assess the stiffness of the masticatory muscles. The present study investigated the intra- and inter-operator reliabilities of MyotonPRO for assessing the elasticity of masseter muscles, to determine minimal detectable changes, and to quantify changes in stiffness from conditions of relaxation to maximal contraction. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty healthy subjects (10 men and 10 women) were recruited. The stiffness of their masseter muscles was quantified with MyotonPRO in both relaxed and maximal contraction conditions. Two experienced operators (A and B) measured stiffness on the same day, and operator A repeated this procedure 5 days later. RESULTS Intra-rater reliability was good (ICC=0.78) and inter-operator reliability was excellent (ICC=0.95) for assessing masseter muscle stiffness with MyotonPRO. The mean stiffness of the masseter muscle on the dominant side was 369.5 N/m under relaxed conditions and 618.3 N/m at maximum bite force, an increase of 67.4%. Stiffness on the dominant and non-dominant sides did not differ significantly under both conditions (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS MyotonPRO is a reliable method for quantifying the stiffness of the masseter muscle and monitoring its changes under different contraction conditions.


Assuntos
Eletromiografia , Músculo Masseter/fisiologia , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , Adulto , Força de Mordida , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
11.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e926407, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33071278

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Achilles tendinopathy commonly occurs in specific regions of the tendon, and Achilles tendon stiffness can be related to local pathological changes in the tendon. The MyotonPRO is a new handheld device that conveniently assesses stiffness of muscles and tendons. This study aimed to 1) evaluate the intra- and inter-rater reliability of stiffness measurements of the Achilles tendon at different ankle positions, 2) investigate the modulation of stiffness at different ankle joint angles, and 3) examine the differences between 2 regions of Achilles tendon stiffness. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty healthy young adults (15 men and 15 women) participated in this study. The regional Achilles tendon stiffness at 0 cm (AT-0) and 6 cm (AT-6) above the tendon insertion were evaluated by the MyotonPRO in the neutral position and 10° dorsiflexion of the ankle joint. Measurements of stiffness were taken by 2 raters on the first day and 5 days later. The stiffness data were compared by repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA). RESULTS The intra- and inter-rater reliability of stiffness measurements at AT-0 and AT-6 for each ankle position were good (all intraclass correlation coefficients >0.84). A significant modulation of Achilles tendon stiffness was obtained at different ankle joint angles (P<0.05). Stiffness at AT-0 was higher than at AT-6 (P<0.05) in both positions. CONCLUSIONS These results suggest the MyotonPRO reliably assessed Achilles tendon stiffness and monitors its modulation, and tendon stiffness increased with ankle dorsiflexion. Stiffness was also nonuniform along the length of the tendon.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo , Articulação do Tornozelo , Músculo Esquelético , Tendão do Calcâneo/patologia , Tendão do Calcâneo/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Articulação do Tornozelo/patologia , Articulação do Tornozelo/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Tendinopatia/patologia , Tendinopatia/fisiopatologia
12.
Life Sci ; 260: 118373, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898530

RESUMO

AIMS: Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) as an emerging factor is involved in insulin resistance (IR), which is the pathological basis of diabetes mellitus. Accumulation of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase is associated with IR, but the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. This study was to reveal the important role of ADMA in IR and determine whether endogenous ADMA accumulation contributes to hepatic IR via ERS in diabetic rats and hepatocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Diabetic rat model was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (50 mg/kg). Phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) and protein kinase B (Akt) was detected to evaluate IR. The protein kinase PKR-like ER kinase (PERK) and eukaryotic initiation factor 2α kinase (eIF2α) phosphorylation, x-box binding protein-1 (XBP-1) splicing, glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) and C/EBP homologues protein (CHOP) expressions were measured to assess ERS. KEY FINDINGS: Endogenous ADMA content was significantly increased and positively correlated with either IR as evidenced by increased IRS1 at serine and reduced Akt phosphorylation or ERS as indicated by upregulations of PERK and eIF2α phosphorylation, XBP-1 splicing, GRP78 and CHOP expressions in the liver of diabetic rats compared with control rats. Exogenous ADMA directly caused IR and ERS in dose- and time-dependent manners in primary mouse hepatocytes. Pretreatment with ERS inhibitor 4-phenylbutyrate or ADMA antagonist L-arginine not only improved ADMA-associated or -induced hepatic IR but also attenuated ADMA-associated or -induced ERS in diabetic rats or hepatocytes. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings indicate that endogenous ADMA accumulation contributes to hepatic IR via ERS in diabetic rats.


Assuntos
Arginina/análogos & derivados , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Intolerância à Glucose/patologia , Resistência à Insulina , Insulina/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Animais , Apoptose , Arginina/toxicidade , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Intolerância à Glucose/induzido quimicamente , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/patologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais
13.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e924811, 2020 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32719308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Contracture is related to modulation of passive stiffness in muscle and tendon after spinal cord injury (SCI). Current clinical assessments of stiffness in muscles and tendons are subjective in patients with spinal cord injury. We proposed a quantitative method to evaluate stiffness of the gastrocnemius and Achilles tendon (AT) with a portable device, the MyotonPRO. The purpose of this study was to investigate the intraoperator and interoperator reliability of the MyotonPRO when used in patients after spinal cord injury. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fourteen patients with SCI participated in this study. Gastrocnemius stiffness and AT stiffness were measured with the MyotonPRO. RESULTS In participants with SCI, the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) values for intraoperator and interoperator reliability of stiffness measurements in the gastrocnemius and AT were excellent (all ICC >0.87), with relatively low values for standard error measurement (SEM) and minimal detectable change (MDC). CONCLUSIONS Our findings suggest that use of the MyotonPRO is feasible for evaluating stiffness of the gastrocnemius and AT in the lower limbs of patients with spinal cord injury.


Assuntos
Força Muscular/fisiologia , Tono Muscular/fisiologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Tendão do Calcâneo/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Articulação do Tornozelo/fisiologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
14.
J Sports Sci Med ; 19(2): 309-316, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32390724

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to examine the immediate effect of 1 session of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) on patellar tendon stiffness and to explore the relationship between the change in tendon stiffness and the pain intensity. Thirty-four male athletes aged 22.2 ± 3.8 with patellar tendinopathy were recruited. The participants were randomized into ESWT and sham groups. The ESWT group received 1500 impulses of ESWT at 4 Hz with maximal tolerable pain intensity and the sham group received intensities below 0.08 mJ/mm2. Supersonic Shearwave Imaging (SSI) was used to measure tendon shear modulus (an index of tissue stiffness), and a visual analogue scale was used to quantify the pain intensity during compression with 10 lb (4.535 kg) pressure directed on the most tender part and then during a single-leg declined-squat test. A significant reduction in tendon shear modulus (from 57.4 ± 25.5 kPa to 40.6 ± 17.6kPa, p = 0.001) was detected in the ESWT receiving ESWT with an intensity from 0.13-0.33 mJ/mm2 but not the sham group (from 47.7 ± 17.1 kPa to 41.0 ± 12.7 kPa; p = 0.06). In the ESWT group, the change in tendon shear modulus was associated with the change in the intensity of pain during single-legged declined-squat test (ρ = 0.55; p = 0.023) but not pressure pain (p > 0.05). These findings suggest that one session of ESWT induces reduction of tendon stiffness in volleyball and basketball players with patellar tendinopathy. The reduction in tendon stiffness is associated with reduction in pain during single-legged declined-squat test.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas/terapia , Módulo de Elasticidade , Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas , Ligamento Patelar/fisiopatologia , Tendinopatia/terapia , Adulto , Traumatismos em Atletas/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos em Atletas/fisiopatologia , Basquetebol/lesões , Humanos , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Ligamento Patelar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tendinopatia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tendinopatia/fisiopatologia , Voleibol/lesões , Adulto Jovem
15.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 50, 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381098

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: China is the second highest pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) burden country worldwide. However, retreatment of PTB has often developed resistance to at least one of the four first-line anti-TB drugs. The cure rate (approximately 50.0-73.3%) and management of retreatment of PTB in China needs to be improved. Qinbudan decoction has been widely used to treat PTB in China since the 1960s. Previously clinical studies have shown that the Qinbudan tablet (QBDT) promoted sputum-culture negative conversion and lesion absorption. However, powerful evidence from a randomized controlled clinical trial is lacking. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of QBDT as an adjunct therapy for retreatment of PTB. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial in China. People diagnosed with PTB were enrolled who received previous anti-TB treatment from April 2011 to March 2013. The treatment group received an anti-TB regimen and QBDT, and the control group was administered an anti-TB regimen plus placebo. Anti-TB treatment options included isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, ethambutol, streptomycin for 2 months (2HRZES), followed by isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol for 6 months (6HRE), daily for 8 months. Primary outcome was sputum-culture conversion using the MGIT 960 liquid medium method. Secondary outcomes included lung lesion absorption and cavity closure. Adverse events and reactions were observed after treatment. A structured questionnaire was used to record demographic information and clinical symptoms of all subjects. Data analysis was performed by SPSS 25.0 software in the full analysis set (FAS) population. RESULTS: One hundred eighty-one cases of retreatment PTB were randomly divided into two groups: the placebo group (88 cases) and the QBDT group (93 cases). A total of 166 patients completed the trial and 15 patients lost to follow-up. The culture conversion rate of the QBDT group and placebo group did not show a noticeable improvement by using the covariate sites to correct the rate differences (79.6% vs 69.3%; rate difference = 0.10, 95% confidence interval (CI): - 0.02-0.23; F = 2.48, P = 0.12) after treatment. A significant 16.6% increase in lesion absorption was observed in the QBDT group when compared with the placebo group (67.7% vs 51.1%; rate difference = 0.17, 95% CI: 0.02-0.31; χ2 = 5.56, P = 0.02). The intervention and placebo group did not differ in terms of cavity closure (25.5% vs 21.1%; rate difference = 0.04, 95% CI: - 0.21-0.12; χ2 = 0.27, P = 0.60). Two patients who received chemotherapy and combined QBDT reported pruritus/nausea and vomiting. CONCLUSIONS: No significant improvement in culture conversion was observed for retreatment PTB with traditional Chinese medicine plus standard anti-TB regimen. However, QBDT as an adjunct therapy significantly promoted lesion absorption, thereby reducing lung injury due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02313610.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/estatística & dados numéricos , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Antituberculosos/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Retratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Comprimidos , Tuberculose Pulmonar/patologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(2): 352-360, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237318

RESUMO

In this paper, some quality problems of mineral medicine Calamina and calcined Calamina have been discussed after determination and analysis of the quality parameters of a large number of market samples, and the countermeasures are put forward. According to the XRD results, as well as the results of tests included in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2015 edition), the authenticity of Calamina and calcined Calamina samples were identified. The content of zinc oxide in samples were determined by the method of determination in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Individually, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry(ICP-MS), inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry(ICP-AES) and atomic fluorescence spectrometry(AFS) methods were used for the determination of impurity elements and harmful elements in Calamina and calcined Calamina samples. Four kinds of impurity elements of magnesium(Mg), iron(Fe), aluminum(Al), calcium(Ca) and five harmful elements such as lead(Pb), cadmium(Cd), arsenic(As), copper(Cu), mercury(Hg) were measured. The study showed that: ① Fake Calamina products on the market were overflowing; ② The mineral origin of the mainstream Calamina in the market is inconsistent with that stipulated in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2015 edition); ③ The contents of harmful elements Pb and Cd in Calamina and calcined Calamina are generally higher, while the contents of harmful elements As and Cu in some inferior Calaminae are higher; ④ Parts of calcined Calamina were improperly or inadequately processed. In view of these quality problems, the countermeasures are put forward as follows: ① It is suggested that hydrozincite should be approved as the mineral source of Calamina, and be included by Chinese Pharmacopoeia; ② Strengthen the research on the specificity of Calamina identification methods to improve the quality control level; ③ Strengthen the research on the processing of Calamina, and formulate the limit standards for the content of Pb and Cd in Calamina; ④ Carry out research on the artificial synthesis of Calamina and calcined Calamina, in order to cope with the current shortage of Calamina resources and ensure the sustainable development of Calamina medicinal materials.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Compostos Férricos/química , Controle de Qualidade , Óxido de Zinco/química , Arsênio , Cádmio , Cobre , Combinação de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Compostos Férricos/normas , Ferro , Chumbo , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Mercúrio , Minerais , Oligoelementos/análise , Óxido de Zinco/normas
17.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; 35: 101654, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A novel coronavirus emerged in China in December 2019, and human-to-human transmission was previously identified. This study aimed to compare the epidemiological characteristics in Jiangsu Province and assess whether so-called wartime control measures changed the trend of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the province. METHODS: Epidemiological data were obtained from the websites of China's Bureau of Health and the People's Government of Jiangsu Province and informal online sources from January 22 to February 20, 2020. RESULTS: The cumulative number of patients in Jiangsu Province (over 79 million people) was 613. The number of daily confirmed new cases reached the inflection point on January 31 with the maximum of 39 cases. The temporal number of patients peaked from January 29 to February 9. The proportion of confirmed cases who were residents or travelers to Hubei Province was 100.0%-58.8% before January 31 and then gradually declined. The proportion of close contacts increased gradually from January 27 to February 17. The geographical distribution of COVID-2019 cases showed that all 13 cites reported confirmed new cases after only five days of the first confirmed new case in Suzhou. The cases were concentrated in Nanjing, Suzhou, and Xuzhou with a high population density (over eight million people). The epidemiological features of COVID-2019 cases in Wuxi, Jiangsu showed that seven confirmed cases were tourists from others areas beyond Hubei Province. The longest incubation period of COVID-2019 was 19 days based on the onset of laboratory-confirmed cases. CONCLUSION: The number of daily confirmed new cases in Jiangsu Province peaked around January 31 and then declined. This result emphasized that wartime control measures, such as putting cities on lockdown to limit population mobility in Jiangsu Province, resulted in dramatic reductions in COVID-19 cases.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Quarentena/métodos , COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Cidades/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Migrantes , Viagem
18.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 6643, 2020 04 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32313166

RESUMO

Stiffness is a valuable indicator of the functional capabilities of muscle-tendon-fascia. Twenty healthy subjects participated in this study in which the passive elastic properties of the medial gastrocnemius (MG), lateral gastrocnemius (LG), soleus muscles (SOL), Achilles tendon (AT, at 0 cm, 3 cm and 6 cm proximal to the calcaneus tubercle, corresponding to AT0cm, AT3cm and AT6cm, respectively) and plantar fascia (PF) were quantified when their knee was fully extended or flexed to 90° using shear wave elastography at 25° of dorsiflexion (DF25°), 0° (neutral position) of flexion, and 50° of plantar flexion (PF50°) of the ankle joint. The stiffnesses of the AT, MG, LG, SOL and the fascia with the knee fully extended were significantly higher than those with the knee flexed to 90° (p < 0.05), while the stiffness of the PF showed the opposite relationship (p < 0.05). When the knee was fully extended, the stiffness was higher in the LG than in the MG at PF50° and 0° (p < 0.01), and it was higher in the MG than in the LG at DF25° (p = 0.009). Nevertheless, regardless of the knee angle, the stiffness decreased from AT3cm > AT0cm > AT6cm at PF50° and 0° (p < 0.001), while the stiffness decreased from AT0cm > AT3cm > AT6cm at DF25°. Regardless of the knee and ankle angles, the stiffness of the PF increased in a proximal-to-distal direction (p < 0.001). These insights can be used to gain a more intuitive understanding of the relationships between the elastic properties of the muscle-tendon unit and its function.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo/fisiologia , Articulação do Tornozelo/fisiologia , Tornozelo/fisiologia , Fáscia/fisiologia , Articulação do Joelho/fisiologia , Joelho/fisiologia , Placa Plantar/fisiologia , Tendão do Calcâneo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Elasticidade/fisiologia , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Fáscia/diagnóstico por imagem , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Placa Plantar/diagnóstico por imagem , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Ultrassonografia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 10(3)2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138371

RESUMO

Three types of graphene oxide/silver nanoparticles (GO/AgNPs) composite membranes were prepared to investigate size-effect of AgNPs on nanofiltration ability. The size of AgNPs was 8, 20, and 33 nm, which was characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The morphology and structure of GO and GO/AgNPs composite membranes were characterized by atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The filtration performance of membranes were evaluated on a dead-end filtration device. When the size of AgNPs is 20 nm, the GO/AgNPs composite membrane has the highest water flux (106.1 L m-2 h-1 bar-1) and rejection of Rhodamine B (RhB) (97.73%) among three types of composite membranes. The effect of feed concentration of dye solution and the flux of common solvent was also investigated. The mechanism was discussed, which demonstrated that both interlaying spacing and defect size influence the filtration ability of membrane, which is instructive to future study.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(12): e19519, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were to examine the feasibility of using the MyotonPRO digital palpation device in measuring the passive stiffness of gastrocnemius muscle belly and Achilles tendon; to determine between-days test-retest reliability of MyotonPRO; and to evaluate the acute effect of paraffin therapy on stiffness measurements in healthy participants. METHODS: It is a randomized controlled trial. Twenty healthy participants (male, n = 10; female, n = 10; total, n = 20) were recruited to evaluate the passive stiffness of gastrocnemius muscle belly and Achilles tendon. Dominant and nondominant legs were randomly divided into an experimental side (20 cases) and a control side (20 cases). The experimental side received 20 minutes of paraffin therapy. RESULTS: The stiffness of muscle and tendon in the experimental side decreased significantly after paraffin therapy (P < .01), whereas no significant differences in stiffness measurements were found in the control side (P > .05). The passive stiffness of muscle and tendon was positively correlated with the ankle from 30° plantar flexion to10° dorsiflexion for dominant legs. Between-days test-retest reliability in stiffness measurements was high or very high (ICCs were above 0.737). CONCLUSION: Paraffin therapy induces a decrease in the passive stiffness of gastrocnemius muscle belly and Achilles tendon. Furthermore, the MyotonPRO can reliably determine stiffness measurements.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hidrocarbonetos/uso terapêutico , Tono Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Parafina/uso terapêutico , Tendão do Calcâneo/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Articulação do Tornozelo/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/tendências , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
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