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1.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(23): 6455-6464, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075744

RESUMO

Rhizoctonia solani causes serious plant diseases. Neocryptolepine presented the significant antifungal activity against R. solani, however the mode of action is unclear. In this paper, we investigated the potential mode of action of neocryptolepine against R. solani integrated the proteomics and transcriptomics. Results showed that after treatment with neocryptolepine, 1012 differentially expressed proteins and 10 920 differentially expressed genes of R. solani were found, most of them were enriched in mitochondrial respiratory chain. It affected oxidative phosphorylation led to the enrichment of ROS and the decrease of MMP, and inhibited complex III activity with the inhibition rate of 63.51% at 10 µg/mL. The mitochondrial structural and function were damaged. Cytochrome b-c1 complex subunit Rieske (UQCRFS1) with the high binding score to neocryptolepine was found as a potential target. In addition, it inhibited the sclerotia formation and presented antifungal efficacy by decreasing the diameter of a wound in potato in a concentration-dependent manner. Above results indicated that neocryptolepine inhibited the complex III activity by binding UQCRFS1 and blocked the ion transfer to cause the death of R. solani mycelia. This study laid the foundation for the future development of neocryptolepine as an alternative biofungicide.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33977310

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the difference in posterior tibial slope (PTS) measurements based on the full-length and half-length tibial anatomic axes of the same group of patients. It was hypothesized that the obtained PTS values would be affected by the length of tibia chosen during the measurements. METHODS: Full-length true lateral tibia radiographs were obtained for each patient who underwent anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in our department. PTS measurements were obtained by measuring the angle between the full-length or half-length tibial anatomic axis and an average of the lateral and medial tibial plateau. The anatomic axis was defined as the center of the tibial diaphysis. The PTS measurements from the full-length and half-length true lateral tibia radiographs were obtained and compared. Additionally, the absolute difference and the relationship between the two PTS measurements were calculated and analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 200 ACL-injured patients were included in this study. The average PTS values using the anatomic axis were 15.9 ± 3.7° and 14.1 ± 3.7° on full-length and half-length true lateral tibial radiographs. There was a significant difference between the measurements with the full-length and half-length tibial radiographs (P < 0.01). Additionally, 49.5% (n = 99) of patients had ≥ 2.0° differences between the full-length and half-length anatomic axis PTS measurement techniques; meanwhile, a strong and significant linear relationship (r = 0.95; P < 0.001) was identified between the two PTS measurements. CONCLUSION: There were significant differences and linear relationships between PTS measurements that measured the anatomic axis from full-length and half-length true lateral tibia radiographs. Therefore, the obtained PTS values were strongly associated with the length of tibia chosen during the measurements. Surgeons should pay more attention to the measurement techniques and the tibial length when considering the role of PTS in ACL injury and ACLR failure. Knowledge of the association is very important for calculating potential closing wedge proximal tibial osteotomies to correct excessive PTS in the setting of ACLR failures. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.

4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(16): 4604-4614, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33872004

RESUMO

Plant diseases caused by phytopathogenic fungi reduce the yield and quality of crops. To develop novel antifungal agents, we designed and synthesized eight series of quinazolinone derivatives and evaluated their anti-phytopathogenic fungal activity. The bioassay results revealed that compounds KZL-15, KZL-22, 5b, 6b, 6c, 8e, and 8f exhibited remarkable antifungal activity in vitro. Especially, compound 6c displayed the highest bioactivity against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Pellicularia sasakii, Fusarium graminearum, and Fusarium oxysporum, displaying appreciable IC50 values (50% inhibitory concentration) of 2.46, 2.94, 6.03, and 11.9 µg/mL, respectively. A further mechanism interrogation revealed abnormal mycelia, damaged organelles, and changed permeability of cell membranes in S. sclerotiorum treated with compound 6c. In addition, the in vivo bioassay indicated that compound 6c possessed comparable curative and protective effects (87.3 and 90.7%, respectively) to the positive control azoxystrobin (89.5 and 91.2%, respectively) at 100 µg/mL concentration against S. sclerotiorum. This work validated the potential of compound 6c as a new and promising fungicide candidate, contributing to the exploration of potent antifungal agents.


Assuntos
Fungicidas Industriais , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Ascomicetos , Fungicidas Industriais/farmacologia , Fusarium , Quinazolinonas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
5.
J Org Chem ; 86(11): 7609-7624, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904741

RESUMO

An aerobic copper-catalyzed cascade oxidative isomerization/[4+4] cyclization of 2,2'-disubstituted stilbenes is described. Under the mild CuCl/DBED/air catalytic system, various 5,10-heteroatom-containing tetrahydroindeno[2,1-a]indenes were efficiently prepared through the difunctionalizations of alkenes in a highly atom economic manner. Mechanistic investigations suggested the bicyclic product was likely formed through a sequence of rapid single-electron oxidation/[4+4] cyclization from 2,2'-disubstituted stilbene. The antarafacial manner of the thermally allowed [4+4] cyclization was further proven by series of control experiments and density functional theory calculations. Our findings provide an important addition to the aerobic copper-catalyzed oxidative cyclization.

6.
Bioorg Chem ; 110: 104781, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677246

RESUMO

Forty-three quinolizidine alkaloids (1-43), including twelve new matrine-type ones, sophalodes A-L (1-7, 17, 19 and 28-30), were isolated from the seeds of Sophora alopecuroides. Structurally, compounds 1-4 were the first examples of C-11 oxidized matrine-type alkaloids from Sophora plants. The structures and absolute configurations of new compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic techniques, X-ray diffraction analysis, and quantum chemical calculation. In addition, the NMR data and absolute configuration of compound 18 was reported for the first time. All the isolates were evaluated for their inhibition on nitric oxide production induced by lipopolysaccharide in RAW 264.7 macrophages, among them, compounds 29, 38 and 42 exhibited the most significant activity with IC50 values of 29.19, 25.86 and 33.30 µM, respectively. Further research about new compound 29 showed that it also suppressed the protein levels of iNOS and COX-2, which revealed its anti-inflammatory potential. Moreover, additional research showed that compound 16 exhibited marginal cytotoxicity against HeLa cell lines, with an IC50 value of 24.27 µM.

7.
Chem Biodivers ; 18(4): e2001066, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656782

RESUMO

Three new matrine-type alkaloids, 8ß-hydroxyoxysophoridine (1), 9ß-hydroxysophoridine (2), 9ß-hydroxyisosophocarpine (3), together with one known analog, 11,12-dehydromatrine (4), were isolated from the seeds of Sophora alopecuroides L. The structures of new compounds were elucidated using extensive spectroscopic techniques including the experimental and calculated ECD data. The anti-inflammatory activities of all the isolates on NO production in RAW 264.7 cells stimulated by lipopolysaccharide were evaluated. Among them, 8ß-hydroxyoxysophoridine (1) showed a significant inhibitory effect with an IC50 value of 18.26 µM.

8.
Acta Neuropathol Commun ; 9(1): 23, 2021 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557929

RESUMO

Mutations in the DNAJB6 gene have been identified as rare causes of myofibrillar myopathies. However, the underlying pathophysiologica mechanisms remain elusive. DNAJB6 has two known isoforms, including the nuclear isoform DNAJB6a and the cytoplasmic isoform DNAJB6b, which was thought to be the pathogenic isoform. Here, we report a novel recessive mutation c.695_699del (p. Val 232 Gly fs*7) in the DNAJB6 gene, associated with an apparently recessively inherited late onset distal myofibrillar myopathy in a Chinese family. Notably, the novel mutation localizes to exon 9 and uniquely encodes DNAJB6a. We further identified that this mutation decreases the mRNA and protein levels of DNAJB6a and results in an age-dependent recessive toxic effect on skeletal muscle in knock-in mice. Moreover, the mutant DNAJB6a showed a dose-dependent anti-aggregation effect on polyglutamine-containing proteins in vitro. Taking together, these findings reveal the pathogenic role of DNAJB6a insufficiency in myofibrillar myopathies and expand upon the molecular spectrum of DNAJB6 mutations.

9.
Insect Sci ; 28(3): 611-626, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629522

RESUMO

The evolutionary success of phytophagous insects depends on their ability to efficiently exploit plants as a source of energy for survival. Herbivorous insects largely depend on the efficiency, flexibility, and diversity of their digestive physiology and sophistication of their detoxification system to use chemically diverse host plants as food sources. The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith), is a polyphagous pest of many commercially important crops. To elucidate the ability of this insect pest to adapt to host plant mechanisms, we evaluated the impact of primary (corn) and alternate (rice) host plants after 11 generations on gut digestive enzymatic activity and expression profiles of related genes. Results indicated that the total protease and class-specific trypsin- and chymotrypsin-like protease activity of S. frugiperda significantly differed among host plant treatments. The class-specific protease profiles greatly differed in S. frugiperda midguts upon larval exposure to different treatments with inhibitors compared with treatments without inhibitors. Similarly, the single and cumulative effects of the enzyme-specific inhibitors TLCK, TPCK, and E-64 significantly increased larval mortality and reduced larval growth/mass across different plant treatments. Furthermore, the quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction results revealed increased transcription of two trypsin (SfTry-3, SfTry-7) and one chymotrypsin gene (Sfchym-9), which indicated that they have roles in host plant adaptation. Knockdown of these genes resulted in significantly reduced mRNA expression levels of the trypsin genes. This was related to the increased mortality observed in treatments compared with the dsRED control. This result indicates possible roles of S. frugiperda gut digestive enzymes and related genes in host plant adaptation.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Sistema Digestório/metabolismo , Endopeptidases , Herbivoria , Spodoptera , Animais , Quimotripsina/genética , Produtos Agrícolas , Digestão/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema Digestório/efeitos dos fármacos , Endopeptidases/efeitos dos fármacos , Endopeptidases/genética , Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Genes de Insetos , Herbivoria/efeitos dos fármacos , Herbivoria/genética , Herbivoria/fisiologia , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Larva/genética , Larva/metabolismo , Oryza , Controle de Pragas , Inibidores de Proteases/farmacologia , Interferência de RNA , Spodoptera/efeitos dos fármacos , Spodoptera/genética , Spodoptera/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Tripsina/genética , Zea mays
10.
Curr Pharm Biotechnol ; 22(6): 808-822, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397255

RESUMO

Biogenic synthesis of Nanoparticles (NPs) is attractive due to their ecological benefits and cheap, rapid, and sustainable nature. Among them, Nickel Oxide NPs (NiO-NPs) are acquired for their varied catalytic and clinical applications, as they have antibacterial, antifungal, cytotoxic, anticancer, antioxidant, remediation, and enzyme inhibition properties. Though several chemical-dependent methods were applied for the fabrication of nanoparticles, due to their substantial disadvantages, mainly toxicity and higher cost synthesis methods, the more secure, greener, eco-friendly, cost-effective, and synthetic methods are in demand. Greener approaches can take away the arduousness and complications of physicochemical methods. The present review is aimed at displaying the recent advancement related to the catalytic activity, antimicrobial activity, cytotoxicity, and antioxidant application of green synthesized Nickle. In this study, nickle oxide nanoparticles have been highlighted along with their sustainable synthesis options.

11.
Neurosci Bull ; 37(4): 550-562, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355900

RESUMO

Trigeminal neuropathic pain (TNP) is a significant health problem but the involved mechanism has not been completely elucidated. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have recently been demonstrated to be expressed in the dorsal root ganglion and involved in chronic pain. Here, we show that TLR8 was persistently increased in the trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons in model of TNP induced by partial infraorbital nerve ligation (pIONL). In addition, deletion or knockdown of Tlr8 in the TG attenuated pIONL-induced mechanical allodynia, reduced the activation of ERK and p38-MAPK, and decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the TG. Furthermore, intra-TG injection of the TLR8 agonist VTX-2337 induced pain hypersensitivity. VTX-2337 also increased the intracellular Ca2+ concentration, induced the activation of ERK and p38, and increased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the TG. These data indicate that TLR8 contributes to the maintenance of TNP through increasing MAPK-mediated neuroinflammation. Targeting TLR8 signaling may be effective for the treatment of TNP.

12.
J Econ Entomol ; 114(1): 131-141, 2021 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346361

RESUMO

A number of thrips species are among the most significant agricultural pests globally. Use of repellent intercrop plants is one of the key components in plant-based 'push-pull' strategies to manage pest populations. In this study, the behavioral responses of three thrips species, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom), and Thrips palmi Karny (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) to Rosmarinus officinalis were investigated in Y-tube olfactometer bioassays and cage experiments. In addition, the major volatile compounds from rosemary were identified and the effect of the individual compounds on thrips behavior was evaluated. Females and males of the three thrips species were significantly repelled by the volatiles from cut rosemary leaves. The presence of rosemary plants significantly reduced settlement of females of the three thrips species and eggs laid by F. occidentalis females on target host plants. In total, 47 compounds were identified in the volatiles collected from the cut leaves of rosemary plants. The responses of the three thrips species to 10 major volatile compounds showed significant differences. However, α-pinene, the most abundant volatile, was repellent to F. occidentalis and F. intonsa. Eucalyptol, the second most abundant volatile, showed significant repellent activity to all the three thrips species. Our findings showed that rosemary is a promising repellent plant against the three thrips pests we tested, which could be a good candidate for 'push' plants in plant-based 'push-pull' strategies. The identified volatile compounds that accounted for the repellent activity could be developed as repellents for sustainable thrips management.


Assuntos
Repelentes de Insetos , Lamiaceae , Lamiales , Rosmarinus , Tisanópteros , Animais , Feminino , Masculino
13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(49): 14555-14563, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33249835

RESUMO

Isoleucine dioxygenase (IDO)-catalyzed hydroxylation of isoleucine is a promising method for the synthesis of the diabetic drug (2S,3R,4S)-4-hydroxyisoleucine [(2S,3R,4S)-4-HIL]. However, the low activity of IDO significantly limits its practical application. In this work, a high-throughput screening method was developed and directed evolution was performed on the IDO from Bacillus subtilis, resulting in a double mutant with improvements in specific activity, protein expression level, and fermentation titer of 3.2-, 2.8-, and 9.4-fold, respectively. l-Isoleucine (228 mM) was completely converted to (2S,3R,4S)-4-HIL by the best variant with a space-time yield of up to 80.8 g L-1 d-1, which is the highest record reported so far. With a further increase of the substrate loading to 1 M, a high conversion of 91% could also be achieved. At last, enzymatic synthesis of (2S,3R,4S)-4-HIL was successfully carried out on a 3 L scale, indicating tremendous potential of the IDO variant I162T/T182N for green and efficient production of (2S,3R,4S)-4-HIL.

14.
World J Psychiatry ; 10(10): 223-233, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33134113

RESUMO

This review summarizes the anti-depressant mechanisms of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in preclinical studies, including anti-inflammatory effects mediated by activation of nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 signaling pathway, anti-oxidative stress effects, enhancement of synaptic plasticity and neurogenesis via activation of the endocannabinoid system and brain derived neurotrophic factor signaling pathway, increasing the content of monoamine neurotransmitters via inhibition of Sirtuin 1/monoamine oxidase A signaling pathway, and reducing the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis. We also discuss the shortcomings of transcranial magnetic stimulation in preclinical studies such as inaccurate positioning, shallow depth of stimulation, and difficulty in elucidating the neural circuit mechanism up- and down-stream of the stimulation target brain region.

15.
Biotechnol Bioeng ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073356

RESUMO

AcCHMO, a cyclohexanone monooxygenase from Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, is a typical Type I Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase (BVMO). We previously obtained the AcCHMOM6 mutant, which oxidizes omeprazole sulfide (OPS) to the chiral sulfoxide drug esomeprazole. To further improve the catalytic efficiency of the AcCHMOM6 mutant, a focused mutagenesis strategy was adopted at the intersections of the FAD-binding domain, NADPH-binding domain, and α-helical domain based on structural characteristics of AcCHMO. By using focused mutagenesis and subsequent global evolution two key residues (L55 and P497) at the intersections of the domains were identified. Mutant of L55Y improved catalytic efficiency significantly, whereas the P497S mutant alleviated substrate inhibition remarkably. AcCHMOM7 (L55Y/P497S) was obtained by combining the two mutations, which increased the specific activity from 18.5 (M6) to 108 U/g, and an increase in the Ki of the substrate OPS from 34 to 265 µM. The results indicate that catalytic performance can be elevated by modification of the sensitive sites at the intersection of the domains of AcCHMO. The results also provided some insights for the engineering of other Type I BVMOs or other multidomain proteins.

16.
Am J Sports Med ; 48(14): 3486-3494, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112647

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Steep posterior tibial slope (PTS; >13°), excessive anterior tibial subluxation (ATS) in extension (>10 mm), and meniscus posterior horn tears (MPHTs) have been identified to be associated with primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) failure. Recent studies have reported that steep PTS is directly correlated with excessive ATS in extension and concomitant MPHTs, especially for those patients with chronic (>6 months) ACL deficiency. There is increasing biomechanical evidence that slope-reducing tibial osteotomy decreases ATS in extension and protects the ACL graft. HYPOTHESIS: Slope-reducing tibial osteotomy combined with primary ACLR is effective for producing improved knee stability in patients with steep PTS (>13°), excessive ATS in extension (>10 mm), and concomitant chronic MPHTs (>6 months). STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Between June 2016 and January 2018, 18 patients with ACL injuries who had steep PTS (>13°), excessive ATS in extension (>10 mm), and concomitant chronic MPHTs (>6 months) underwent slope-reducing tibial osteotomy combined with primary ACLR. The PTS and anterior subluxation of the lateral and medial compartment (ASLC and ASMC) in extension before and after the index procedures were regarded as primary clinical outcomes. Moreover, Lysholm score, Tegner activity score, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) objective grade, pivot-shift test, and KT-1000 side-to-side difference were evaluated preoperatively and at the minimum 2-year follow-up visit. RESULTS: The mean PTS was 18.5° (range, 17°-20°) preoperatively and 8.1° (range, 7°-9°) postoperatively (P < .01). The mean ASLC and ASMC in extension were 12.1 mm and 11.9 mm preoperatively, which reduced to 1.0 mm and 1.5 mm at the last follow-up visit (P < .05). In addition, all of the following showed significant improvements (pre- vs postoperatively): mean Lysholm score (46.5 vs 89.5; P < .05), mean Tegner activity score (5.7 vs 7.3; P < .05), IKDC objective grading results (18 grade D vs 14 grade A and 4 grade B; P < .05), pivot-shift tests (15 grade 2+ and 3 grade 3+ vs 18 grade 0; P < .01), and KT-1000 side-to-side difference (13.0 mm vs 1.6 mm; P < .01). Moreover, no graft reruptures were found at the final follow-up visit. CONCLUSION: In this study, slope-reducing tibial osteotomy combined with primary ACLR effectively improved knee stability in patients with steep PTS (>13°), excessive ATS in extension (>10 mm), and concomitant chronic MPHTs (>6 months).

17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(89): 13876-13879, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094304

RESUMO

Structure-guided engineering of Pseudomonas dacunhael-aspartate ß-decarboxylase (AspBDC) resulted in a double mutant (R37A/T382G) with remarkable 15 400-fold improvement in specific activity reaching 216 mU mg-1, towards the target substrate 3(R)-benzyl-l-aspartate. A novel strategy for enzymatic synthesis of l-homophenylalanine was developed by using the variant as a biocatalyst affording 75% product yield within 12 h. Our results underscore the potential of engineered AspBDC for the biocatalytic synthesis of pharmaceutically relevant and value added unnatural l-amino acids.

18.
Math Biosci Eng ; 17(5): 4657-4677, 2020 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120523

RESUMO

The black soil of Northeast China is sticky and agglomerates easily, which often adheres to the surface of a traditional furrow opener during the furrowing process. In this paper, biomimetic design principles in resistance-reducing, anti-adhesion and resistance-reducing mechanism of biomimetic disc furrow opener were studied. Nine kinds of singular convex hull, nine kinds of singular wedge and nine kinds of mixed convex hull and wedge structural biomimetic disc furrow opener were designed, and the furrowing process with the soil simulated by finite element method (FEM).Three types of biomimetic disc furrow opener with less resistance were manufactured by laser processing for comparative test in soil bin based on the simulation results. The test results showed that the resistance of the biomimetic disc furrow opener was less than that of the ordinary disc. The soil-disc stress, influence of biomimetic structures, moisture content and furrow speeds on resistance were discussed. The resistance-reducing rate of D-BC-3 reached the maximum value 15.36% at the furrow speed of 0.6 m/s and the soil moisture content of 20%. It is believed that the biomimetic design principles can provide the significant inspirations for the future design of disc furrow opener with drag reduction.

19.
Inorg Chem ; 59(19): 14513-14525, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941030

RESUMO

The application of LuBO3:Ce3+ (LBO:Ce) crystal as an excellent scintillation material has been limited due to its poor phase stability at high temperature or high pressure, so improving the phase stability is essential for promoting its development. Ga stabilized LuBO3:Ce3+ (LGBO:Ce) is synthesized by solid-state reaction at 1200 °C. Powder X-ray diffraction patterns and Raman spectra at ambient pressure show that all the samples are pure calcite phase. In situ high-pressure synchrotron radiation XRD patterns illustrate that calcite phase LGBO:Ce exhibits more excellent phase stability than that of LBO:Ce under high pressure due to the superior compressibility of the [GaO6] octahedral unit. The optical band gap of LGBO decreases from 5.58 to 4.64 eV after introducing 10% Ga, which leads to the decreased nonradiative transition and about double luminescence intensity as expected. More interestingly, the charge transition from O2- to Ce4+ is observed at about 290 nm in the absorption spectra. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy spectra indicate the ratio of Ce4+/Ce3+ increases with increasing concentration of Ga3+, which can be attributed to the variation of energy separation between the 4f ground state of Ce3+ and the Fermi energy level position. In contrast to the enhancement of PL intensity, the integrated X-ray excited luminescence intensity decreases after Ga3+ incorporation attributing to the result of both decreased effective atomic number and ionization energy between 5d1 level and conduction band. The thermal luminescence spectra show that after the incorporation of Ga3+ the oxygen vacancy and intrinsic defects in LBO remain unchanged but that the concentration of oxygen vacancy significantly reduces. The mechanism of Ga3+ incorporation on phase stability and luminescence properties of LBO:Ce has been proposed and discussed systematically.

20.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924588

RESUMO

Seventeen quinolizidine alkaloids, including a new matrine-type one, sophcence A (1), were isolated from the roots of Sophora flavescens Alt. The structure of compound 1 was elucidated by means of 1D and 2D NMR, as well as HR-ESI-MS spectroscopic data. The NMR data of (-)-Δ 7-dehydrosophoramine (10) and oxy-N-methylcytisine (12) were reported for the first time. In addition, (+)-sophoranol (4) exhibited moderate inhibition on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW 264.7 macrophages with IC50 value of 22.14 µM, while lupanine (17) was found to inhibit the growth of human glioma stem cells GSC-3# at 20 µg/mL.

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