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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34985242

RESUMO

High-performance electromagnetic wave-absorbing (EMA) materials used in high-temperature environments are of great importance in both civil and military fields. Herein, we have developed the ultralight graphene/polyaramid composite foam for wideband electromagnetic wave absorption in both gigahertz and terahertz bands, with a higher service temperature of 300 °C. It is found that strong interfacial π-π interactions are spontaneously constructed between graphene and polyaramids (PA), during the foam preparation process. This endows the foam with two advantages for its EMA performance. First, the π-π interactions trigger the interfacial polarization for enhanced microwave dissipation, as confirmed by the experimental and simulation results. The composite foam with an ultralow density (0.0038 g/cm3) shows a minimum reflection loss (RL) of -36.5 dB and an effective absorption bandwidth (EAB) of 8.4 GHz between 2 and 18 GHz band. Meanwhile, excellent terahertz (THz) absorption is also achieved, with EAB covering the entire 0.2-1.6 THz range. Second, the interfacial π-π interactions promote PA to present a unique in-plane orientation configuration along the graphene surface, thus making PA the effective antioxidation barrier layer for graphene at high temperatures. The EMA performance of the foam could be completely preserved after 300 °C treatment in air atmosphere. Furthermore, the composite foam exhibits multifunctions, including good compressive, thermal insulating, and flame-retardant properties. We believe that this study could provide useful guidance for the design of next-generation EMA materials used in harsh environments.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35020344

RESUMO

The related studies and applications of ZnS-based phosphorescent materials involve various aspects such as lighting, display, sensing, electronic signatures, and confidential information. Here, triboelectrification-induced electroluminescence (TIEL) of the ZnS:Cu due to the triboelectric leakage field is discovered via a gently horizontal sliding between a ZnS:Cu particle-doped polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film and a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) or fluorinated ethylene propylene (FEP) film, whose intensity is positively correlated with the temperature, the doping ratio of ZnS:Cu, the pressure, and the frequency. It is also demonstrated that the TIEL mainly occurs inside the bulk film, where the ZnS:Cu phosphor particles can be polarized instantaneously by the leakage electric field of triboelectrification. The polarization will lead to a tilted energy band of the ZnS, resulting in an emitting of green light due to electrons detrapped into the conduction band and recombined with holes in the impurity state. This study not only reveals great fundamental physics for understanding of luminescence induced by a simple sliding between two triboelectric materials but also indicates another way for triboelectrification to be used in advanced optoelectronic devices.

3.
Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl ; 17: 74-82, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34987956

RESUMO

Based on a long-term field investigation on chigger mites in southwest China from 2001 to 2019, the present study analyzed the infestation and distribution of chigger mites on the Chevrieri's field mouse (Apodemus chevrieri) in the region. A total of 12,516 individuals of chigger mites were collected from 1981 A. chevrieri mice, and 12,281 chiggers were identified as 107 species, 11 genera and 3 subfamilies in 2 families, which revealed a high species diversity of the mites on A. chevrieri mice. Of 1981 A. chevrieri mice, 633 ones were infested with chiggers with a relatively high overall prevalence (P M  = 31.95%), mean abundance (MA = 6.32) and mean intensity (MI = 19.77). Of the 107 chigger species identified from A. chevrieri mice, three ones were the most dominant and they were Leptrombidium scutellare, L. densipunctatum and L. cricethrionis, which showed aggregated distribution among different individuals of the mice. A slightly positive association existed between every two dominant chigger species, which implied that the dominant chigger species tend to co-exist on A. chevrieri. The infestations of A. chevrieri with chiggers varied in different latitudes, altitudes and landscapes and they showed some heterogeneity along different environmental gradients. The logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors for chigger infestations on A. chevrieri were landscapes, ages and altitudes, which implied that the environmental factors and host ages could influence the infestations of the mice with the mites. A theoretical curve of the species abundance distribution of chigger mites on A. chevrieri was successfully fitted by Preston's lognormal model, suggesting that the species abundance distribution conforms to the lognormal distribution pattern. The expected total species of chigger mites on A. chevrieri was roughly estimated to be 136 species and about 29 rare chigger species were probably missed in the sampling field investigation.

4.
Clin Cardiol ; 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34979043

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cumulative blood pressure (BP) exposure is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease. This study sought to investigate the association between cumulative BP from early adulthood to middle age and right ventricular (RV) structure and function in middle age. METHODS: We included 2844 participants from the CARDIA study (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults). Cumulative BP over the 30-years follow-up was defined as the sum of the product of mean BP for each pair of consecutive examinations and the time interval between these two consecutive examinations in years. RV structure and function were assessed by echocardiography. The main analyses utilized logistic and linear regression models. RESULTS: In fully adjusted models, higher cumulative systolic BP was independently associated with lower tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), right ventricular peak systolic velocity (RVS'), right ventricular early diastolic velocity (RVe'), and higher pulmonary arterial systolic pressure. Higher cumulative diastolic BP was independently associated with smaller RV basal diameter, lower TAPSE, RVS', and RVe'. For categorical analyses of RV dysfunction, cumulative systolic BP was not related to systolic dysfunction. Per 1-SD increase in cumulative systolic BP was associated with a higher risk of diastolic dysfunction, while an increase in cumulative diastolic BP was associated with a higher risk of systolic dysfunction and diastolic dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: Cumulative exposure to increased BP from early adulthood to middle age was associated with incipient RV systolic and diastolic dysfunction in middle age. Exposure to higher diastolic BP levels from early adulthood to middle age was associated with a smaller RV basal diameter in middle age.

5.
Gene ; 812: 146089, 2022 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34896520

RESUMO

The Nuclear Factor-Y (NF-Y) transcription factor (TF), which includes three distinct subunits (NF-YA, NF-YB and NF-YC), is known to manipulate various aspects of plant growth, development, and stress responses. Although the NF-Y gene family was well studied in many species, little is known about their functions in potato. In this study, a total of 37 potato NF-Y genes were identified, including 11 StNF-YAs, 20 StNF-YBs, and 6 StNF-YCs. The genetic features of these StNF-Y genes were investigated by comparing their evolutionary relationship, intron/exon organization and motif distribution pattern. Multiple alignments showed that all StNF-Y proteins possessed clearly conserved core regions that were flanked by non-conserved sequences. Gene duplication analysis indicated that nine StNF-Y genes were subjected to tandem duplication and eight StNF-Ys arose from segmental duplication events. Synteny analysis suggested that most StNF-Y genes (33 of 37) were orthologous to potato's close relative tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Tissue-specific expression of the StNF-Y genes suggested their potential roles in controlling potato growth and development. The role of StNF-Ys in regulating potato responses to abiotic stress (ABA, drought and salinity) was also confirmed: twelve StNF-Y genes were up-regulated and another two were down-regulated under different abiotic treatments. In addition, genes responded differently to pathogen challenges, suggesting that StNF-Y genes may play distinct roles under certain biotic stress. In summary, insights into the evolution of NF-Y family members and their functions in potato development and stress responses are provided.


Assuntos
Fator de Ligação a CCAAT/genética , Duplicação Gênica , Genômica/métodos , Solanum tuberosum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Evolução Molecular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Família Multigênica , Alinhamento de Sequência , Solanum tuberosum/genética , Estresse Fisiológico , Distribuição Tecidual
6.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 588: 161-167, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34954523

RESUMO

Distinct macrophage populations exert highly heterogeneity and perform various functions, among which, a crucial function of lipid metabolism is highlighted. However, the role of histidine metabolism disorder in macrophage lipid metabolism remains elusive. Addressed this question, we sorted and cultured the bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) of histidine decarboxylase (Hdc) knockout (Hdc-/-) mice with an in vitro oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) model, and detected the intracellular lipids by Oil Red O staining as well as lipid probe staining. Astemizole, a canonical and long-acting histamine H1 receptor (H1R) antagonist, was applied to elucidate the impact of antagonizing the H1R-dependent signaling pathway on macrophage lipid metabolism. Subsequently, the differential expressed genes were screened and analyzed in the bone marrow-derived CD11b+ immature myeloid cells of Hdc-/- and Hdc+/+ mice with a high fat diet by the microarray study. The expression levels of cholesterol metabolism-related genes were examined by qRT-PCR to explore underlying mechanisms. Lastly, we used a high-sensitivity histidine probe to detect the intracellular histidine in the BMDMs after oxidative stress. The results revealed that histidine metabolism disorder and histamine deficiency aggravated lipid accumulation in the ox-LDL-treated BMDMs. The expression level of H1R gene in the BMDMs was down-regulated after ox-LDL stimulation. The disruption of the H1R-dependent signaling pathway by astemizole further exacerbated ox-LDL-induced lipid deposition in the BMDMs partly by up-regulating scavenger receptor class A (SR-A) for lipid intake, down-regulating neutral cholesteryl ester hydrolase (nCEH) for cholesterol esterification and down-regulating ATP-binding cassette transporters A1 (ABCA1) and ABCG1 for reverse cholesterol transport. The intracellular histidine increased under ox-LDL condition, which was further increased by Hdc knockout. Collectively, these results partially reveal the relationship between histidine metabolism and lipid metabolism in the BMDMs and offer a novel strategy for lipid metabolism disorder-associated diseases.

7.
Mol Med Rep ; 25(2)2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34878160

RESUMO

The κ­opioid receptor (KOR) is one of the primary receptors of opioids and serves a vital role in the regulation of pain, anesthesia, addiction and other pathological and physiological processes. KOR is associated with several types of cancer and may influence cancer progression. It has been proposed that KOR may represent a new tumor molecular marker and provide a novel basis for molecular targeted therapies for cancer. However, the association between KOR and cancer remains to be explored comprehensively. The present review introduces KOR and its association with different types of cancer. Improved understanding of KOR may facilitate development of novel antitumor therapies.

8.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 762659, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34867289

RESUMO

Amyloid-ß, a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease, forms toxic intracellular oligomers and extracellular senile plaques resulting in neuronal toxicity. Ethanol is widely consumed worldwide. Moderate ethanol consumption has numerous benefits in humans. We found that ethanol could significantly extend the lifespan of Caenorhabiditis elegans in a previous study. Based on that study, we tested the effect of ethanol on Alzheimer's disease transgenic Caenorhabiditis elegans strain CL4176, which expresses amyloid-ß1-42 peptide in body wall muscle cells. Ethanol delayed paralysis and reduced amyloid-ß oligomers in Caenorhabiditis elegans worms of the CL4176 strain. Moreover, ethanol could induce the nuclear translocation of DAF-16 in the nematodes. However, in worms that were fed daf-16 RNAi bacteria, ethanol no longer delayed the paralysis. The qPCR assays showed that ethanol increases the expression of daf-16, hsf-1 and their common target genes- small heat shock protein genes. In addition, we also found that ethanol could increase lysosome mass in the CL4176 worms. In summary, our study indicated that ethanol attenuated amyloid-ß toxicity in the Alzheimer's disease model of Caenorhabiditis elegans via increasing the level of lysosomes to promote amyloid-ß degradation and upregulating the levels of small heat shock protein genes to reduce amyloid-ß aggregation.

9.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 10(10): 3995-4011, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858787

RESUMO

Background: Cyclin D1 (CCND1) is overexpressed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and contributes to its tumorigenesis and progression. Accumulating evidence shows that ubiquitin-specific protease 5 (USP5), an important member of the USP family, acts as a tumor promoter by deubiquitinating and stabilizing oncoproteins. However, neither the mechanism for dysregulated turnover of CCND1 protein nor the association of CCND1 with USP5 in NSCLC is well understood. Methods: The association of USP5 with CCND1 in human NSCLC cells and clinical tissues was determined by immunoprecipitation/immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry (IHC), and The Cancer Genome Atlas database analyses. The effect of USP5 knockdown or overexpression on NSCLC cell proliferation in vitro was assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8, flow cytometry-based cell cycle, and colony formation assays. The effect of the USP5 inhibitor EOAI3402143 (G9) on NSCLC proliferation in vitro was analyzed by CCK-8 assay. The effect of G9 on NSCLC xenograft tumor growth was also examined in vivo, using athymic BALB/c nude mice. Results: USP5 physically bound to CCND1 and decreased its polyubiquitination level, thereby stabilizing CCND1 protein. This USP5-CCND1 axis promoted NSCLC cell proliferation and colony formation. Further, knockdown of USP5 led to CCND1 degradation and cell cycle arrest in NSCLC cells. Importantly, this tumor-suppressive effect elicited by USP5 knockdown in NSCLC cells was validated in vitro and in vivo through chemical inhibition of USP5 activity using G9. Consistently, G9 downregulated the protein levels of CCND1 in NSCLC cells and xenograft tumor tissues. Also, the expression level of USP5 was positively associated with the protein level of CCND1 in human clinical NSCLC tissues. Conclusions: This study has provided the first evidence that CCND1 is a novel substrate of USP5. The USP5-CCND1 axis could be a potential target for the treatment of NSCLC.

10.
J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34862621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to develop a prognostic nomogram based on a new classification of combined micropapillary and solid components in pathological stage IA invasive lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). METHODS: According to the total proportion of solid and micropapillary components (TPSM), the X-tile software was applied to classify patients into the following three groups: TPSM-low (TPSM-L), TPSM-middle (TPSM-M), and TPSM-high (TPSM-H). The postoperative survival was compared among the three groups. The multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to identify independent prognostic factors for survival. According to these factors, a nomogram model was developed to provide a personalized prognostic evaluation. RESULTS: A total of 595 patients with pathological stage IA invasive LUAD were included in our study. The 5-year disease-free survival and overall survival rates in patients with TPSM-H and TPSM-M were significantly lower than those with TPSM-L. The multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that the TPSM classification was an independent prognostic factor for survival. According to TPSM classification, we developed a nomogram model which had good calibration and reliable discrimination ability to evaluate survival. CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram based on the combination of micropapillary and solid components has good prognostic value in predicting postoperative recurrence and survival of patients with pathological stage IA invasive LUAD.

12.
Biology (Basel) ; 10(12)2021 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34943211

RESUMO

A 12-month consecutive investigation was made at Jingha village in southern Yunnan of southwest China from April 2016 to March 2017. A total of 2053 Indochinese forest rats (Rattus andamanensis Blyth, 1860) were captured and examined, which account for 84.69% (2053/2424) of all the animal hosts (rodents and other small mammals) at the investigation site. And 39.82% (13,531/33,980) of gamasid mites were identified from the body surface of R. andamanensis and they belong to 41 species, 10 genera, 3 subfamilies and 2 families. Of the 41 species of gamasid mites identified from R. andamanensis, Laelaps nuttalli Hirst, 1915 and Laelaps echidninus Berlese, 1887 were the most dominant with 70.63% and 20.67% of constituent ratios respectively. In monthly fluctuations of all the gamasid mites on R. andamanensis, the constituent ratio (Cr) and overall infestation mean abundance (MA) of the mites in 12 months showed two obvious peaks in January (winter season) and June (summer season). However, the two dominant mite species, L. nuttalli and L. echidninus, showed different patterns of seasonal fluctuations. Laelaps nuttalli occurred throughout the year, and its Cr and MA showed two prominent peaks in winter season (December and January) and summer season (June), which belongs to the summer-winter type of seasonal fluctuation. Laelaps echidninus also occurred on R. andamanensis throughout the year, but its Cr and MA showed only one peak in winter season (December and January), which belongs to the winter type of seasonal fluctuation. A negative correlation existed between two climatic factors (temperature and rainfall) and the infestations (Cr, prevalence PM and MA) of two dominant mite species (L. nuttalli and L. echidninus) on R. andamanensis (p < 0.05). Temperature and rainfall are considered to be two key factors that influence the seasonal fluctuations of the mites on the studied rat species.

13.
Front Genet ; 12: 790426, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34956331

RESUMO

Atrial septal defects (ASDs) are the most common types of cardiac septal defects in congenital heart defects. In addition to traditional therapy, interventional closure has become the main treatment method. However, the molecular events and mechanisms underlying the repair progress by occlusion device remain unknown. In this study, we aimed to characterize differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the blood of patients treated with occlusion devices (metal or poly-L-lactic acid devices) using RNA-sequencing, and further validated them by qRT-PCR analysis to finally determine the expression of key mediating genes after closure of ASD treatment. The result showed that total 1,045 genes and 1,523 genes were expressed differently with significance in metal and poly-L-lactic acid devices treatment, respectively. The 115 overlap genes from the different sub-analyses are illustrated. The similarities and differences in gene expression reflect that the body response process involved after interventional therapy for ASDs has both different parts that do not overlap and the same part that crosses. The same portion of body response regulatory genes are key regulatory genes expressed in the blood of patients with ASDs treated with closure devices. The gene ontology enrichment analysis showed that biological processes affected in metal device therapy are immune response with CXCR4 genes and poly-L-lactic acid device treatment, and the key pathways are nuclear-transcribed mRNA catabolic process and proteins targeting endoplasmic reticulum process with ribosomal proteins (such as RPS26). We confirmed that CXCR4, TOB1, and DDIT4 gene expression are significantly downregulated toward the pre-therapy level after the post-treatment in both therapy groups by qRT-PCR. Our study suggests that the potential role of CXCR4, DDIT4, and TOB1 may be key regulatory genes in the process of endothelialization in the repair progress of ASDs, providing molecular insights into this progress for future studies.

14.
Life Sci ; 288: 120179, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34838850

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) stem from alterations in the intestinal immune system and microbial dysbiosis, but the precise interactions between bacteria and IBD remain obscure. The commensal microbiota have a profound impact on human health and diseases. Here, we developed a selective culture medium for lactate-utilizing bacteria (LUB) that function as candidate probiotics to ameliorate IBD using a mouse model. Firstly, LUB, including Megasphaera, were enriched from human faeces using a selective medium with lactate. LUB efficiently attenuated the pathology of colitis induced by dextran sulphate sodium (DSS). Next, LUB administration counteracted the dysbiosis associated with the intestinal inflammatory process, and elevated the proportion of Escherichia-Shigella in intestines. Moreover, E. coli isolated from healthy faeces downstream recapitulated lactate-utilizing bacterial community to ameliorate the severity of DSS-induced acute colitis. In conclusion, our finding revealed that LUB were sufficient to exert inflammatory protection against colitis in mice, highlighting a novel therapeutic strategy to use LUB as potentially curable probiotics for therapeutic manipulation for IBD.

15.
Int J Obes (Lond) ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the functions of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein zeta (C/EBPZ; Gene ID: 10153) in adipose tissue. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Bioinformatics analysis were used to study the expression pattern of C/EBPZ in human adipose tissue. The expression and function of C/EBPZ in adipose tissue were further studied using chicken as animal model in vivo and in vitro. RESULTS: The human C/EBPZ transcripts were greater and more stable in subcutaneous adipose tissue than in visceral adipose tissue (P < 0.01), and they were increased with age in adipose tissue (P < 0.05). In addition, the chicken C/EBPZ transcripts (C/EBPZ /ACTB) of visceral (abdominal) adipose tissue were significantly different between fat and lean broilers and decreased with age during development (P < 0.01). RNA-seq analysis showed that the C/EBPZ overexpression associated with adipose tissue development and DNA replication in chicken preadipocytes (P < 0.05). Additionally, overexpression of chicken C/EBPZ inhibited preadipocytes differentiation and promoted preadipoytes proliferation in vitro (P < 0.05). In addition, C/EBPZ overexpression suppressed the promoter activities of PPARγ, C/EBPα, FASN and LPL, and promoted the promoter activities of GATA2 and FABP4 in chicken preadipocytes (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: C/EBPZ modulated the differentiation and proliferation of preadipocytes, and it might be a new negative regulator of adipogenesis.

16.
JMIR Res Protoc ; 10(11): e33608, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Monetary incentives in research are frequently used to support participant recruitment and retention. However, there are scant empirical data regarding how researchers decide upon the type and amount of incentives offered. Likewise, there is little guidance to assist study investigators and institutional review boards (IRBs) in their decision-making on incentives. Monetary incentives, in addition to other factors such as the risk of harm or other intangible benefits, guide individuals' decisions to enroll in research studies. These factors emphasize the need for evidence-informed guidance for study investigators and IRBs when determining the type and amount of incentives to provide to research participants. OBJECTIVE: The specific aims of our research project are to (1) characterize key stakeholders' views on and assessments of incentives in biomedical HIV research; (2) reach consensus among stakeholders on the factors that are considered when choosing research incentives, including consensus on the relative importance of such factors; and (3) pilot-test the use of the guidance developed via aims 1 and 2 by presenting stakeholders with vignettes of hypothetical research studies for which they will choose corresponding incentive types. METHODS: Our 2-year study will involve monthly, active engagement with a stakeholder advisory board of people living with HIV, researchers, and IRB members. For aim 1, we will conduct a nationwide survey (N=300) among people living with HIV to understand their views regarding the incentives used in HIV research. For aim 2, we will collect qualitative data by conducting focus groups with people living with HIV (n=60) and key informant interviews with stakeholders involved in HIV research (people living with HIV, IRB members, and biomedical HIV researchers: n=36) to extend and deepen our understanding of how incentives in HIV research are perceived. These participants will also complete a conjoint analysis experiment to gain an understanding of the relative importance of key HIV research study attributes and the impact that these attributes have on study participation. The data from the nationwide survey (aim 1) will be triangulated with the qualitative and conjoint analysis data (aim 2) to create 25 vignettes that describe hypothetical HIV research studies. Finally, individuals from each stakeholder group will select the most appropriate incentive that they feel should be used in each of the 25 vignettes (aim 3). RESULTS: The stakeholder advisory board began monthly meetings in March 2021. All study aims are expected to be completed by December 2022. CONCLUSIONS: By studying the role of incentives in HIV clinical trial participation, we will establish a decision-making paradigm to guide the choice of incentives for HIV research and, eventually, other types of similar research and facilitate the ethical recruitment of clinical research participants. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04809636; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04809636. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/33608.

17.
Cancer Med ; 2021 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34841738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We have limited information about neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) of the gallbladder. The purpose of this paper is to compare clinical and pathological features between different age groups and prognostic factors for gallbladder NEC and how it differs from adenocarcinoma (ADC) of the gallbladder. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 28 gallbladder NEC patients and 137 ADC patients whose clinical characteristics and pathological findings were retrospectively collected. Propensity score matching and Cox regression analysis were used for the analysis of prognostic factors. RESULTS: We divided NEC patients into two groups based on the age more than or less than 60 years. Most of the NEC patients less than 60 years old complained of abdominal pain or discomfort (p = 0.038), and more younger patients accepted adjuvant therapy (p = 0.020) than older patients did. CD56 was positive in all patients more than 60 years old, which is significantly higher than that of younger patients (p = 0.039). The mean age was similar between NEC and ADC patients. After eliminating confounding factors between NEC and ADC patients, the overall survival rates were still lower in NEC patients. Univariate analysis extracted six possible risk factors. Multivariate analysis indicated that surgery type, tumor size, and existence of gallstones were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: The overall survival of gallbladder NEC is not associated with age. In this study, surgical method and tumor size were found to be independent risk factors for NECs. In addition, NEC patients have a worse prognosis than ADC patients with similar clinical and pathological features.

18.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(11): 3144-3145, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746386

RESUMO

Saussurea medusa is an important traditional Tibetan medicinal plant in China. In this study, we assembled the complete chloroplast (cp) genome of S. medusa. The complete S. medusa chloroplast genome is a circular molecular structure of 152,257 bp in length with coding GC 37.93%, consisting of two inverted repeats (25,204 bp) separated by a large single-copy region (83,334 bp) and a small single-copy region (18,515 bp). The complete chloroplast genome of S. medusa contained 130 genes, including 87 protein-coding genes, 35 tRNA genes, and eight rRNA genes. Phylogenetic analysis shows that S. medusa is most closely related to Saussurea inversa and Saussurea pseudoleucoma. The complete chloroplast genome sequence of S. medusa facilitates the phylogenetic studies of Asteraceae.

19.
Biomaterials ; 279: 121208, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749074

RESUMO

The dominant source of thromboembolism in heart comes from the left atrial appendage (LAA). An occluder can close LAA and significantly reduce the risk of strokes, particularly for those patients with atrial fibrillation. However, it is technically challenging to fabricate an LAA occluder that is appropriate for percutaneous implantation and can be rapidly endothelialized to accomplish complete closure and avoid severe complication. Hypothesizing that a fast migration rate of endothelial cells on the implant surface would lead to rapid endothelialization, we fabricated an LAA occlusion device for interventional treatment with a well-designed 3D architecture and a nanoscale 2D coating. Through screening of biomaterials surfaces with cellular studies in vitro including cell observations, qPCR, RNA sequencing, and implantation studies in vivo, we revealed that a titanium-nitrogen nanocoating on a NiTi alloy promoted high migration rate of endothelial cells on the surface. The effectiveness of this first nanocoating LAA occluder was validated in animal experiments and a patient case, both of which exhibited successful implantation, fast sealing and long-term safety of the device. The mechanistic insights gained in this study will be useful for the design of medical devices with appropriate surface modification, not necessarily for improved cell adhesion but sometimes for enhanced cell migration.

20.
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 22(12): 158-167, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752014

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of different pitches and corresponding scan fields of view (SFOVs) on the image quality in the ultrafast, high-pitch turbo FLASH mode of the third-generation dual-source CT using an anthropomorphic phantom. METHODS: The phantom was scanned using the ultrafast, high-pitch turbo FLASH protocols of the third-generation dual-source CT with the different pitches and corresponding SFOVs (pitches: 1.55 to 3.2 with increments of 0.1, SFOVs: 50 cm to 35.4 cm). The objective parameters such as the CT number, image noises, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), and artifacts index (AI), and image features from the head, chest, and abdomen were compared between the CT images with a pitch of 1.55 and SFOV of Ø 50 cm and a pitch of 3.2 and SFOV of Ø 35.4 cm. Then, the 18 series of CT images of the head, chest, and abdomen were evaluated by three radiologists independently. RESULTS: The differences in the CT numbers were not statically significant between the CT images with a pitch of 1.55 and SFOV of Ø 50 cm and a pitch of 3.2 and SFOV of Ø 35.4 cm from most body parts and potential combinations (p > 0.05), Most of the image noises and the AI from the images with the pitch of 1.55 were significantly lower than those with the pitch of 3.2 (p < 0.05), and the SNR and CNR from the images with the pitch of 1.55 were higher than those with the pitch of 3.2. There were significant differences in the first-order features and texture features of the head (59.3%, 28.3%), chest (66%, 35.7%), and abdomen (71.6%, 64.7%) (p < 0.05). The subjective image quality was excellent when the pitch was less than 2.0 and gradually decreased with the increasing pitch. In addition, the image quality decreased significantly when the pitch was higher than 3.0 (all k≥0.69), especially in the head and chest. CONCLUSIONS: In the ultrafast, high-pitch turbo FLASH mode of the third-generation DSCT, increasing the pitch and lowering the corresponding SFOV will change the image features and cause more artifacts degrading the image quality. Specific to the clinical needs, decreasing the pitch not only can expand the SFOV but also can improve the image quality.

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