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1.
Phys Med Biol ; 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35016159

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To achieve fast magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) at a low frequency for better shear modulus estimation of the brain. APPROACH: We proposed a multiphase radial DENSE MRE (MRD-MRE) sequence and an improved GRASP algorithm utilizing the sparsity of the harmonic motion (SH-GRASP) for fast MRE at 20 Hz. For the MRD-MRE sequence, the initial position encoded by one spatial modulation of magnetization (SPAMM) was decoded by an arbitrary number of readout blocks without increasing the number of phase offsets. Based on the harmonic motion, a modified total variation and temporal Fourier transform were introduced to utilize the sparsity in the temporal domain. Both phantom and brain experiments were carried out and compared with that from multiphase Cartesian DENSE-MRE (MCD-MRE), and conventional gradient echo sequence (GRE-MRE). Reconstruction performance was also compared with GRASP and compressed sensing. MAIN RESULTS: Results showed the scanning time of a fully sampled image with four phase offsets for MRD-MRE was only 1/5 of that from GRE-MRE. The wave patterns and estimated stiffness maps were similar to those from MCD-MRE and GRE-MRE. With SH-GRASP, the total scan time could be shortened by additional 4 folds, achieving a total acceleration factor of 20. Better metric values were also obtained using SH-GRASP for reconstruction compared with other algorithms. SIGNIFICANCE: The MRD-MRE sequence and SH-GRASP algorithm can be used either in combination or independently to accelerate MRE, showing the potentials for imaging the brain as well as other organs.

2.
J Am Heart Assoc ; : e022257, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35001659

RESUMO

Background Individuals of the same chronological age may exhibit diverse susceptibilities to death. However, few studies have investigated the associations between blood pressure and the accelerated aging. Methods and Results A cross-sectional study was conducted in 288 adults aged ≥50 years. We assessed the DNA methylation-based measures of biological age using CpG sites on the Illumina HumanMethylationEPIC BeadChip. Epigenetic age acceleration metrics were derived by regressing residuals (ΔAge) and ratios (aging rate) of DNA methylation age on chronological age. Dose-response relationships between blood pressure and epigenetic age acceleration were quantified using multiple linear regression and restricted cubic regression models. We found that each 10-mm Hg increase in systolic blood pressure was associated with 0.608 (95% CI, 0.231-0.984) years increase in ΔAge and 0.007 (95% CI, 0.002-0.012) increase in aging rate; meanwhile, for pulse pressure, the increase was 1.12 (95% CI, 0.625-1.61) years for ΔAge and 0.013 (95% CI, 0.007-0.020) for aging rate. Subgroup analysis showed that the significant associations of systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure with epigenetic age acceleration appeared to be limited to women, although interactions between blood pressure and sex were not significant (P values for interaction >0.05). The combination of women and hypertension was associated with a much higher increase in ΔAge (ß [95% CI], 4.05 [1.07-7.02]) and aging rate (ß [95% CI], 0.047 [0.008-0.087]), compared with male participants without hypertension. Conclusions Our findings suggested that high systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure were associated with the epigenetic age acceleration, providing important clues for relationships between blood pressure and epigenetic aging.

3.
BMC Plant Biol ; 22(1): 35, 2022 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35038992

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The broad continuum between tropical and temperate floras in Eastern Asia (EAS) are thought to be one of the main factors responsible for a prominent species diversity anomaly of temperate plants between EAS and eastern North America (ENS). However, how the broad continuum and niche evolution between tropical and temperate floras in EAS contributes to lineage divergence and species diversity remains largely unknown. RESULTS: Population genetic structure, demography, and determinants of genetic structure [i.e., isolation-by-distance (IBD), isolation-by-resistance (IBR), and isolation-by-environment (IBE)] of Machilus thunbergii Sieb. et Zucc. (Lauraceae) were evaluated by examining sequence variation of ten low-copy nuclear genes across 43 populations in southeast China. Climatic niche difference and potential distributions across four periods (Current, mid-Holocene, the last glacial maximum, the last interglacial) of two genetic clusters were determined by niche modelling. North and south clusters of populations in M. thunbergii were revealed and their demarcation line corresponds well with the northern boundary of tropical zone in China of Zhu & Wan. The divergence time between the clusters and demographic expansion of M. thunbergii occurred after the mid-Pleistocene climate transition (MPT, 0.8-1.2 Ma). Migration rates between clusters were asymmetrical, being much greater from north to south than the reverse. Significant effects of IBE, but non-significant effects of IBD and IBR on population genetic divergence were detected. The two clusters have different ecological niches and require different temperature regimes. CONCLUSIONS: The north-south genetic differentiation may be common across the temperate-tropical boundary in southeast China. Divergent selection under different temperature regimes (possibly above and below freezing temperature in winter) could account for this divergence pattern. The broad continuum between tropical and temperate floras in EAS may have provided ample opportunities for tropical plant lineages to acquire freezing tolerance and to colonize the temperate regions during the late-Cenozoic global cooling. Our findings shed deeper insights into the high temperate plant species diversity in EAS.

4.
Thromb Res ; 210: 70-77, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35026611

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Purpura fulminans (PF) is a hematological emergency that can be caused by severe congenital protein C (PC) deficiency. It has been rarely reported in the Chinese population. We aimed to characterize the clinical and genetic features of Chinese pediatric patients with severe congenital PC deficiency who first presented with PF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve pediatric patients were diagnosed with severe congenital PC deficiency with PF, which was diagnosed based on our hospital records and previous reports from 1988 to July 2021 in China. We evaluated the clinical and genetic features of these patients. RESULTS: Nine patients (9/12, 75%) had onsets that were observed within the first 48 h after birth. Six patients had a family history of thromboembolism. There was no consanguinity. Other symptoms were intracranial thrombosis or hemorrhage (4, 33.3%), ocular lesions (2, 16.7%), gastrointestinal hemorrhage (2, 16.7%) and kidney infarction before birth (1, 8.3%). All but one of the patients (one case not detected) had a plasma PC activity of <10%. The genetic study indicated that in the eight patients with inherited PC deficiency, two were homozygous, five were compound heterozygous and one was heterozygous for PC deficiency. CONCLUSION: This is the first and largest case series of Chinese pediatric patients with severe congenital PC deficiency who first presented with PF. It has been shown that treatment with both fresh frozen plasma and anticoagulants is recommended when PC concentrate is not easily available, especially in developing countries.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(2): e28544, 2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35029212

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Postmortem imaging (PMI), including computed tomography (PMCT), postmortem computed tomography angiography (PMCTA), and postmortem magnetic resonance imaging (PMMRI), is rapidly becoming effective and a practical method in forensic medicine. This study aimed to present a specific forensic case in which the PMI approach and its applications were used. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 40-year-old male patient had moderate unilateral nose bleeding constantly 10 times after suffering from a head injury induced by a car accident. After a bilateral massive nose bleeding for the last time, he died from hemorrhagic shock. Traumatic internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysm (TICAP) was suspected in this patient. DIAGNOSIS, INTERVENTIONS, AND OUTCOMES: A whole-body scanning was performed using PMCT and PMMRI. Then, PMCTA using left ventricular cardiac puncture was also implemented. A water-soluble contrast agent was injected into the left ventricle and pumped toward the intracranial, followed by a repeated whole-body PMCT scan. The PMCT/PMMRI detected a high-density/signal mass inside the left sphenoid sinus. The PMCTA detected a distinct leakage of the contrast agent into the left sphenoid sinus from an adjacent aneurysm of the C3 section of the left internal carotid artery. Autopsy and histology confirmed a TICAP inside the sphenoid sinus. LESSONS: This case showed that the PMI was of great value for identifying the cause of death in special cases. When vascular lesions are suspected in the body, PMI and especially the PMCTA approach may be an effective detection method.

6.
J Cancer ; 13(1): 153-161, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34976179

RESUMO

Purpose: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors. The malignant biological behavior of HCC is closely related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and EMT plays an important role in the progression, migration and metastasis of HCC. P21-activated kinase 3 (PAK3) is a serine/threonine protein kinase, and PAK3 affects the EMT, proliferation, metastasis and invasion of HCC. Methods: In this study, the relationship between PAK3 and HCC was first analyzed by bioinformatics, and then, the expression of PAK3 in clinical samples was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting. Subsequently, the expression of PAK3 was further confirmed in HCC cells. In addition, after the overexpression or knockdown of PAK3 in cells, the proliferation, migration and invasion abilities of these cells were assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), wound healing and Transwell assays, and the results were confirmed in vivo experiments in mice. In addition, we also verified that PAK3 affected the EMT and EMT-related pathway of HCC through qRT-PCR, Western blotting and immunofluorescence experiments. Results: Through database analysis, we found that PAK3 was highly expressed in HCC patients and was positively correlated with tumor stage and grade, suggesting that PAK3 expression was closely related to HCC occurrence and development. We subsequently confirmed that PAK3 was overexpressed in HCC clinical samples and HCC cell lines and that PAK3 promoted the proliferation, migration and invasion of HCC cells in vitro. Finally, we found that PAK3 regulated EMT-related molecule expression and EMT-related TGF-ß/smad signaling pathway. Conclusion: High expression of PAK3 enhances the invasion of HCC and regulates EMT, suggesting that PAK3 may be a potential target for the treatment of HCC.

7.
J Adv Res ; 35: 279-294, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35024202

RESUMO

Introduction: Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is a compound used as an industrial surfactant in chemical processes worldwide. Population and cross-sectional studies have demonstrated positive correlations between PFOA levels and human health problems. Objectives: Many studies have focused on the hepatotoxicity and liver problems caused by PFOA, with little attention to remediation of these problems. As an antioxidant, vitamin C is frequently utilized as a supplement for hepatic detoxification. Methods: In this study, we use a mouse model to study the possible role of vitamin C in reducing PFOA-induced liver damage. Based on comparative transcriptomic and metabolomic analysis, we elucidate the mechanisms underlying the protective effect of vitamin C. Results: Our results show that vitamin C supplementation reduces signs of PFOA-induced liver damage including total cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase, liver damage markers aspartate, transaminase, and alanine aminotransferase elevation, and liver enlargement. Further, we show that the protective role of vitamin C is associated with signaling networks control, suppressing linoleic acid metabolism, reducing thiodiglycolic acid, and elevating glutathione in the liver. Conclusion: The findings in this study demonstrate, for the first time, the utility of vitamin C for preventing PFOA-induced hepatotoxicity.

8.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 20(1): 1, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34980193

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate demographic, clinical, laboratory, imaging, histopathology characteristics, and treatment responses of children with Chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO). METHODS: Retrospective multi-center case series study of pediatric patients diagnosed with CNO treated at five tertiary centers in south China. RESULTS: Totally there were 18 patients diagnosed as CNO between 2014 and 2020. The median age of onset was 9.2 years (range 3.7-13.1) and 55.6% were female. Median delay in diagnosis was 10.9 months (range 1.0-72.0). The most frequent presenting symptoms were bone pain (100%) and fever (44.4%). Most patients had more than one lesion (median of 5, range 1-7). Most frequently affected bones were tibiofibula (88.9%) and femur (77.8%). The MRI characteristics mainly presented as bone edema and hyperintensity in bone marrow. Bone biopsy was conducted in 11 patients (61.1%) with inflammatory cells infiltration manifested as chronic osteomyelitis, and none showed bacterial infection or tumor. In treatment, non-steroid anti-inflamatory drugs (NSAIDs) is used as the first-line drug followed by steriods, methotexate (MTX), salazosulfadimidine (SASP), Bisphosphonates and TNF-α inhibitor. Two refractory cases received combination therapy with Bisphosphonates and TNF-α inhibitor, and achieved good therapeutic effect. CONCLUSIONS: The present study described a multicenter series of CNO from south China and highlighted the clinical features, laboratory tests, imaging characteristics and treatment outcomes. Increasing awareness of this disease is important to decrease time to diagnosis, improve access to treatment, and reduce complications.

9.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126817, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396971

RESUMO

The removal of fluoride from wastewater is essential as the excess accumulation of fluoride in environment is harmful to the health of humans. In this study, the defluorination of water by aluminum hydroxide-coated zeolite (AHZ), which was synthesized from coal fly ash, was investigated in batches. The Langmuir maximum adsorption capacity of fluoride by AHZ reached 18.12 mg/g. Aluminum hydroxide was shown to be the major component that adsorbed fluoride. More than 92% removal of fluoride was achieved within 2 h, and the fluoride adsorption kinetics were well fitted to a pseudo-second-order model. The point of zero charge (pHpzc) of the AHZ was determined to be 5.52. Fluoride adsorption by AHZ depended greatly on pH, and maximum performance was obtained at pH 5.5-6.5. The AHZ showed good selectivity for the adsorption of fluoride in the presence of chloride, nitrate, sulfate, bicarbonate, and acetate ions, and the fluoride was nearly exhausted at a sufficiently high dose. The release of OH- due to fluoride adsorption was confirmed. FTIR and XPS studies further illustrated that the adsorption mechanism of fluoride adsorption on AHZ was ligand exchange with hydroxyl groups and the formation of F-Al bonds.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Zeolitas , Adsorção , Hidróxido de Alumínio , Carvão Mineral , Cinza de Carvão , Fluoretos , Humanos , Cinética , Água
10.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 2): 132159, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heavy metals may play an important role as environmental risk factors in diabetes mellitus. This study aimed to explore the association of HbA1c with As, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn in single-metal exposure and multi-metal co-exposure models. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 3472 participants was conducted. Plasma concentrations of heavy metals were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. We estimated the association of each metal with HbA1c by linear regression. Potential heterogeneities by sex, age, and smoking were investigated, and metal mixtures and interactions were assessed by the Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR). RESULTS: In linear regression, Cu (ß = 0.324, p < 0.05) and Ni (ß = -0.19, p < 0.05) showed significant association with HbA1c in all participants. In BKMR analyses, all exposure-response relationships were approximately linear. Cu was significantly and positively associated with HbA1c levels in overall participants, women, participants aged 60 years old and above, and nonsmokers. Ni was significantly and negatively associated with HbA1c levels in overall participants. We did not observe the overall effect of plasma metal mixtures on HbA1c or the interaction effect of the metals on HbA1c. CONCLUSION: Cu was positively correlated with HbA1c, whereas Ni was negatively correlated with HbA1c, when evaluated individually or in a metal mixture. Additional studies are necessary to confirm these correlations and to control for exposure to different metals in the general population.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Teorema de Bayes , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 132093, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526274

RESUMO

The effects of chlorine dosage, reaction time, algae concentration, and cell components, including extracellular organic matter (EOM), intracellular organic matter (IOM) and cell debris (CD), were evaluated on the formation of nitrosamines (NAs), including N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), -Nitrosomethylethylamine (NMEA), N-Nitrosodi-n-propylamine (NDPA), N-nitrosodi-n-butylamine (NDBA), N-Nitrosopyrollidine (NPyr), during the chlorination of Microcystis aeruginosa (M. aeruginosa) and Cyclotella meneghiniana (C. meneghiniana) in drinking water treatment. In addition, the NAs formation from Chlorophyll-a and Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) chlorination was investigated. The results showed that NDMA was the most dominant product of two algae, while only a small yield of NPyr, NMEA and NDBA was generated with NDPA as the least. The nitrosamines formation potential (NAsFP) of M. aeruginosa was positively correlated with the chlorine concentration, while the highest NAsFP of C. meneghiniana was observed at 10 mg/L chlorine. With the increase of reaction time, the NAsFP from C. meneghiniana was higher than M. aeruginosa. The NAs formation enhanced with the increase of cell concentration. Moreover, the impacts of cellular components on the NAsFP followed the order of CD > IOM > EOM and IOM > EOM > CD for M. aeruginosa and C. meneghiniana, respectively. The results indicated that proteins and soluble microbial products (SMPs) were the main cellular components to contribute to NAs formation and IOM was the primary source of NAs precursor for both algae. Chlorination of Chlorophyll-a and MC-LR showed that chlorophyll-a formed only a small yield of NDMA and NDBA, while MC-LR made a more significant contribution to the types of NAs.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Nitrosaminas , Purificação da Água , Halogenação , Nitrosaminas/análise , Pseudomonas aeruginosa
12.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 3): 151258, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34710423

RESUMO

Modification of graphene oxide (GO) with polyethyleneimine (PEI) has been studied to develop a GO/PEI sponge material that not only performs well in the adsorption of Cu(II) but also is easily separated from water. The results showed that GO had excellent affinity for PEI, and GO/PEI prepared at pH 9.0 using PEI with a MW of 70,000 was shown to be a good adsorbent for Cu(II). This GO/PEI was characterized with SEM, XRD, XPS, FTIR and TG analyses and was investigated for Cu(II) adsorption further. The adsorption isotherm data of Cu(II) were fitted well with the Langmuir model, from which the maximum adsorption of GO/PEI was calculated to be 150.9 mg/g at pH 5.5. This was much higher than that of GO and two commercial resins. GO/PEI showed high selectivity towards Cu(II). In GO/PEI, the contributions of amino groups on PEI and negative charges on GO were 79.2% and 20.8%, respectively. Cu(II) adsorption on GO/PEI decreased with decreasing pH, and 1 M HCl caused nearly complete desorption of the adsorbed Cu(II). Experimental results of five cycles of adsorption-desorption indicated that this material could be reused. Column studies showed that GO/PEI performed well in terms of both Cu(II) adsorption and stability in water.


Assuntos
Polietilenoimina , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Cobre , Grafite , Cinética , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
13.
Bioact Mater ; 10: 32-47, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34901527

RESUMO

Regardless of the advancement of synthetic bone substitutes, allograft-derived bone substitutes still dominate in the orthopaedic circle in the treatments of bone diseases. Nevertheless, the stringent devitalization process jeopardizes their osseointegration with host bone and therefore prone to long-term failure. Hence, improving osseointegration and transplantation efficiency remains important. The alteration of bone tissue microenvironment (TME) to facilitate osseointegration has been generally recognized. However, the concept of exerting metal ionic cue in bone TME without compromising the mechanical properties of bone allograft is challenging. To address this concern, an interfacial tissue microenvironment with magnesium cationc cue was tailored onto the gamma-irradiated allograft bone using a customized magnesium-plasma surface treatment. The formation of the Mg cationic cue enriched interfacial tissue microenvironment on allograft bone was verified by the scanning ion-selective electrode technique. The cellular activities of human TERT-immortalized mesenchymal stem cells on the Mg-enriched grafts were notably upregulated. In the animal test, superior osseointegration between Mg-enriched graft and host bone was found, whereas poor integration was observed in the gamma-irradiated controls at 28 days post-operation. Furthermore, the bony in-growth appeared on magnesium-enriched allograft bone was significant higher. The mechanism possibly correlates to the up-regulation of integrin receptors in mesenchymal stem cells under modified bone TME that directly orchestrate the initial cell attachment and osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. Lastly, our findings demonstrate the significance of magnesium cation modified bone allograft that can potentially translate to various orthopaedic procedures requiring bone augmentation.

14.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 85: 80-86, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666158

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a radiomics nomogram for differentiating between malignant pulmonary nodules and benign nodules. METHODS: 56 benign and 51 malignant nodules from 96 patients were analyzed using manual segmentation of the T2-fBLADE-TSE, while the nodules signal intensity (SIlesion), lesion muscle ratio (LMR) and nodule size were all measured and recorded. The maximum relevance and minimum redundancy (mRMR) and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) were used to select nonzero coefficients and develop the model in pulmonary nodules diagnosis. The radiomics nomogram was also developed. The clinical prediction value was determined by the decision curve analysis (DCA). RESULTS: The nodule size, SIlesion and LMR of the benign group were 1.78 ± 0.57 cm, 227.50 ± 81.39 and 2.40 ± 1.27 respectively, in contrast to the 2.00 ± 0.64 cm, 232.87 ± 82.21 and 2.17 ± 0.91, respectively, in the malignant group (P = 0.09, 0.60 and 0.579). A total of 13 radiomics features were retained. The Rad-score of the benign nodules group was lower than that of the malignant nodules group (P < 0.001 & 0.049, training & test set). The AUC of radiomics signature for nodules diagnosis was 0.82 (95% CI, 0.73-0.91) in the training set and 0.71 (95% CI, 0.51-0.90) in the test set. A nomogram, consisting of 13 radiomics features and nodule size, produced good prediction in the training set (AUC, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.73-0.91), which was significantly better than that of T2-based quantitative parameters (AUC, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.50-0.75, P = 0.003). In the test set, the performance of radiomics nomogram (AUC, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.51-0.90) was also better than that of T2-based quantitative parameters (AUC, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.25-0.67) (P = 0.145). The DCA showed that radiomics nomogram and T2-based quantitative parameter had overall net benefits, while the performance of nomogram was better. CONCLUSION: We constructed and validated a T2-fBLADE-TSE-based radiomics nomogram that can help to differentiate between malignant pulmonary nodules and benign nodules.

15.
Acta Trop ; 225: 106204, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Two cervical cancer screening (CCS) projects have been ongoing for years in Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region (Guangxi), and some Trichomonas vaginalis infection (TVI) cases have been found as an opportunistic finding. This study aimed to identify the high-risk population and expound the spatial epidemiological features of TVI in Guangxi. METHODS: This study was based on CCS from 2012 to 2019. Adjusted odds ratio (AOR), and spatial analyses were used to identify the high-risk subgroups, as well as to depict the spatial epidemiological feature and its relationship with meteorological factors. RESULTS: The infection rate of TVI was 0.38% in 873,880 samples. Significant association with a high risk of TVI was found in the following: females aged 40-49 years (aOR=4.464; 95% CI, 3.359-5.932; p<0.001), aged 50-59 years (aOR=3.169; 95% CI, 2.370-4.237; p<0.001), from urban (aOR=1.577; 95% CI, 1.471-1.691; p<0.001), from minority areas (aOR=1.183; 95% CI, 1.060-1.320; p=0.003), areas with GPD <41,500 CNY (aOR=1.191; 95% CI, 1.106-1.282; p<0.001), and inland areas (aOR=1.520; 95% CI, 1.339-1.726; p<0.001). Counties with higher infection rate were concentrated in northwest Guangxi's mountainous area (Z-score=3.9656, p<0.001), in the upper reaches of the Hongshui River and Yu River, and with a significant spatial autocorrelation (Moran's I=0.581, p=0.002). Spatial error model showed significantly negative regressions among temperature (B=-0.295, p=0.002), annual temperature range (B=-0.295, p=0.002), and TVI spatial distribution. CONCLUSION: The spatial clustering and disparity of TVI in northwest Guangxi warrant further study, and meteorological conditions may play an important role in TVI in northwest Guangxi.


Assuntos
Trichomonas vaginalis , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , China/epidemiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência
16.
Bioact Mater ; 9: 491-507, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820585

RESUMO

The potential translation of bio-inert polymer scaffolds as bone substitutes is limited by the lack of neovascularization upon implantation and subsequently diminished ingrowth of host bone, most likely resulted from the inability to replicate appropriate endogenous crosstalk between cells. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell-derived decellularized extracellular matrix (HdECM), which contains a collection of angiocrine biomolecules, has recently been demonstrated to mediate endothelial cells(ECs) - osteoprogenitors(OPs) crosstalk. We employed the HdECM to create a PCL (polycaprolactone)/fibrin/HdECM (PFE) hybrid scaffold. We hypothesized PFE scaffold could reconstitute a bio-instructive microenvironment that reintroduces the crosstalk, resulting in vascularized bone regeneration. Following implantation in a rat femoral bone defect, the PFE scaffold demonstrated early vascular infiltration and enhanced bone regeneration by microangiography (µ-AG) and micro-computational tomography (µ-CT). Based on the immunofluorescence studies, PFE mediated the endogenous angiogenesis and osteogenesis with a substantial number of type H vessels and osteoprogenitors. In addition, superior osseointegration was observed by a direct host bone-PCL interface, which was likely attributed to the formation of type H vessels. The bio-instructive microenvironment created by our innovative PFE scaffold made possible superior osseointegration and type H vessel-related bone regeneration. It could become an alternative solution of improving the osseointegration of bone substitutes with the help of induced type H vessels, which could compensate for the inherent biological inertness of synthetic polymers.

17.
Mol Plant ; 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848346

RESUMO

Maize (Zea mays) endosperm filling is coordinated with cell expansion to enlarge the grain size, but the mechanism coupling the two processes is poorly understood. Starchy endosperm cells basically contain no visible vacuoles for cell expansion. During grain filling, efficient synthesis of storage compounds leads to reduced cytoplasm and thus lowered cell turgor pressure. Although bioactive gibberellins (GAs) are essential for cell expansion, they accumulate at a low level at this stage. We identified an endosperm-specific GRAS domain-containing protein (ZmGRAS11) that lacks the DELLA domain and promotes cell expansion in the filling endosperm. The zmgras11 mutants showed a normal grain filling but a delayed cell expanding process, thereby resulting in a reduced kernel size and weight. Overexpression of ZmGRAS11 led to larger endosperm cells and therefore an increased kernel size and weight. ZmGRAS11 positively regulated the expression of ZmEXPB12 at endosperm filling stage, which is essential for cell expansion. Consistent with this, the zmexpb12 mutants showed a reduced kernel size and weight due to delayed cell expanding and overexpression of ZmEXPB12 led to larger endosperm cells. Moreover, we found that Opaque2 (O2), a central transcription factor that regulates endosperm filling, could directly bind to the promoter of ZmGRAS11 and activate its expression. Taken together, these results suggest that endosperm cell expansion is coupled with endosperm filling, which is orchestrated by the O2-ZmGRAS11-centered transcriptional regulatory network. Our findings also provide potential targets for maize yield improvement by increasing storage capacity of endosperm cells.

18.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34855631

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This thesis addresses a neglected aspect of bioinformatics research of hemifacial microsomia (HFM). Existing research stops short of prediction based on big data. This study combines multiple databases to explore underlying pathogenesis using bioinformatic approach. METHODS: The research consisted of multiple bioinformatic methods, included pathogenic genes analyses, protein-protein interaction network construction, functional enrichment, and mining target genes related miRNA, for studying pathogenic genes of HFM. RESULTS: Total of 140 genes were identified as potential genes in the study. The protein-protein interaction networks for pathogenic genes were constructed, which contained 138 nodes and 243 edges with RAF1, MAP2K1, MAP2K2, MAPK3, MAPK1, EGFR, BRAF, LMNA, ESPR1, and SFN as the hub genes. These genes were discovered significantly enriched in MAPK pathway. Besides, the whole of interactions between miRNAs and the top 5 hub genes were revealed. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicated that occurrence of HFM is attributed to a variety of genes. Furthermore, the interactions of pathogenic genes were further elucidated by using bioinformatics approach. It reveals the MAPK pathway play an essential role in its pathogenesis. It may provide a novel perspective on better understanding the pathogenesis and more accurate early screening of HFM.

19.
New Phytol ; 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34861048

RESUMO

Plant with naturally twisted branches is referred to as a tortuous-branch plant, which have extremely high ornamental value due to their zigzag shape and the natural twisting of their branches. Prunus mume is an important woody ornamental plant. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this unique trait in Prunus genus is unknown. Here, we present a chromosome-level genome assembly of the cultivated P. mume var. tortuosa created using Oxford Nanopore combined with Hi-C scaffolding, which resulted in a 237.8 Mb genome assembly being anchored onto 8 pseudochromosomes. Molecular dating indicated that P. mume is the most recently differentiated species in Prunus. Genes associated with cell division, development and plant hormones play essential roles in the formation of tortuous branch trait. A putative regulatory pathway for the tortuous branch trait was constructed based on gene expression levels. Furthermore, after transferring candidate PmCYCD genes into Arabidopsis thaliana, we found that seedlings overexpressing these genes exhibited curled rosette leaves. Our results provide insights into the evolutionary history of recently differentiated species in Prunus genus, the molecular basis of stem morphology, and the molecular mechanism underlying the tortuous branch trait and highlight the utility of multi-omics in deciphering the properties of P. mume plant architecture.

20.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 757992, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34970136

RESUMO

Background: The study aimed to investigate the relationship between transcription factor EB (TFEB) gene polymorphisms, including their haplotypes, and the cognitive functions of a selected population in Gongcheng County, Guangxi. Methods: A case-control study approach was used. The case group comprised 339 individuals with cognitive impairment, as assessed by their Mini-Mental State Examination scores; the control population also comprised 339 individuals who were matched by sex and age (± 5 years) in a 1:1 ratio. TFEB gene polymorphisms were genotyped in 678 participants (190 men and 488 women, aged 30-91 years) by using the Sequenom MassARRAY platform. Results: Multifactorial logistic regression analysis showed that in the dominant model, the risk of developing cognitive impairment was 1.547 times higher in cases with the TFEB rs14063A allele (AG + AA) than in those with the GG genotype (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 1.547, Bonferroni correction confidence interval = 1.021-2.345). Meanwhile, the presence of the TFEB rs1062966T allele (CT + TT) was associated with a lower risk of cognitive impairment in comparison with the presence of the CC genotype (adjusted OR = 0.636, Bonferroni correction confidence interval = 0.405-0.998). In the co-dominant model, the risk of developing cognitive impairment was 1.553 times higher in carriers of the TFEB rs14063AG genotype than in carriers of the GG genotype (adjusted OR = 1.553, Bonferroni correction confidence interval = 1.007-2.397). After the Bonferroni correction and adjustment for confounding factors, the association of TFEB rs1062966 with cognitive function persisted in the analyses stratified by education level. Ethnically stratified analysis showed a significant association between TFEB rs1062966 and cognitive function in the Yao population. The multilocus linkage disequilibrium analysis indicated that the identified single nucleotide polymorphisms were not inherited independently. The haplotype analysis suggested that the rs14063A-rs1062966C-rs2278068C-rs1015149T haplotype of the TFEB gene increased the risk of cognitive impairment (P < 0.05) and that the rs14063G-rs1062966T-rs2278068C-rs1015149C haplotype was associated with a reduced risk of cognitive impairment (P < 0.05). Conclusion: TFEB rs1062966 polymorphisms and their rs14063A-rs1062966C-rs2278068C-rs1015149T and rs14063G-rs1062966T-rs2278068C-rs1015149C haplotypes are genetic factors that may affect cognitive function among the rural Chinese population.

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