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1.
Endocrine ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026251

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the value of ultrasound (US) and clinicopathological features of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) in predicting Telomerase Reverse Transcriptase (TERT) promoter mutations. METHODS: Preoperative US images of 351 surgically confirmed PTCs were evaluated in terms of PTCs size and US features. The basic clinicopathological features were also retrieved. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the risk factors for TERT promoter mutations. A scoring system was developed based on the cumulative number of risk factors. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and cut-off value were calculated to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the scoring system for predicting TERT promoter mutations. RESULTS: TERT promoter mutations were found in 4.84% (17/351) of patients with PTCs. Patient age >50 years (OR: 6.244, P = 0.006), multifocality (OR: 21.071, P = 0.022), taller-than-wide shape (OR: 4.934, P = 0.029), microlobulated margin (OR: 4786, P = 0.032), and capsule contact or involvement (OR: 4.668, P = 0.030) were independent risk factors for TERT promoter mutations. TERT promoter mutations were relevant to more suspicious US and clinicopathological features than TERT promoter wild-type PTC (median, 4 vs. 1, P < 0.001). The cut-off value was 2.5 and the associated AUC was 0.908 (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The probability of TERT promoter mutations increases along with the suspicious US features and clinicopathological characteristics, which may help to recognize patients who deserve a different approach, in terms of management and follow-up, in view of the worst outcome associated to this mutation.

2.
Toxins (Basel) ; 12(1)2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31963346

RESUMO

Previous studies by us or others have shown that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress was activated by fumonisin 1 (FB1) exposure, which is considered to be a critical event in the FB1-induced toxic effect. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying FB1-induced ER stress-mediated liver toxicity remain elusive. The objectives of the present study were designed to address the following issues: (1) the contribution of each arm of the unfolded protein response (UPR); (2) the downstream targets of ER stress that mediated FB1-induced liver toxicity; and (3) the relationship between ER stress and oxidative stress triggered by FB1. We also investigated whether the inhibition of ER stress by its inhibitor could offer protection against FB1-induced hepatotoxicity in vivo, which has not been critically addressed previously. The results showed that the activation of the IRE1α axis, but not of the PERK axis, of UPR contributed to FB1-induced ER stress-mediated hepatocyte toxicity; the activation of the Bax/Bak-mediated mitochondrial pathway lay downstream of IRE1α to trigger mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis in response to FB1; FB1-induced oxidative stress and ER stress augmented each other through a positive feedback mechanism; tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA)-mediated ER stress inactivation is an effective approach to counteract FB1-induced hepatotoxicity in vivo. The data of the present study allow us to better understand the mechanisms of FB1-induced hepatotoxicity.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929154

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic performance and the unnecessary biopsy rates for recommending fine needle aspiration (FNA) of Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data Systems proposed by American College of Radiology (ACR TI-RADS), American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines, TI-RADS proposed by Kwak (Kwak TI-RADS), and Korean Thyroid Association/Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KTA/KSThR) guidelines for malignancy risk stratification of thyroid nodules (TNs). METHODS: The study included 1271 TNs whose cytologic results or surgical pathologic findings were available. Ultrasound images of these TNs were retrospectively reviewed and categorized according to the four guidelines. The diagnostic performances and the unnecessary biopsy rates for recommending FNA of the four guidelines were evaluated. RESULTS: After multivariate analysis, the most significant independent predictor for malignancy was hypoechogenicity/marked hypoechogenicity (OR: 9.37, 95% CI: 5.40-16.26) (P <  0.001) among the suspicious ultrasound images features. For all nodules and two subgroups (i.e. nodules <10 mm group and nodules ≥10 mm group), ACR TI-RADS demonstrated higher specificities (all P <  0.05) and lower sensitivities (all P <  0.001) than the other guidelines. In the all nodules group and the nodules<10 mm group, ACR TI-RADS and Kwak TI-RADS had higher Azs than the other guidelines (all P <  0.01). The unnecessary biopsy rates for recommending FNA of ACR TI-RADS in the all nodules (≥10 mm) group and the subgroup (10∼19 mm) were all lower than those of the others guidelines (P <  0.001 for all). For the subgroup (≥20 mm), the unnecessary biopsy rate of ACR was lower than that of ATA guidelines and KTA/KSThR guidelines (P <  0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The four guidelines have good diagnostic efficiency in differentiating TNs. ACR TI-RADS and Kwak TI-RADS have better diagnostic performance than the other guidelines in the all nodules group and the nodules<10 mm group. Considering the comprehensive diagnostic efficacy and unnecessary biopsy rate, ACR TI-RADS is a more desirable classification guideline in clinical practice.

4.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 136: 110952, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712101

RESUMO

Coumarin-based anti-cancer agents have attracted considerable attention recently. Butyrate, a major short-chain fatty acid produced in colon by gut microbiota, has been shown to exert anticancer activity both in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we evaluated the anti-cancer effect of combining glycyrol (GC), a representative of coumarin compounds in licorice, or its analogues Glycycoumarin/Demethylsuberosin/Coumestrol (GCM/De/Coum) with butyrate in HT29 and HCT116 cells, and explored the relationship between the combined anti-cancer effect and structural features of coumarin compounds. Results showed the strongest inhibitory effect on cancer cells was induced by GC/butyrate combination via enhanced activation of caspase-3. Our data indicated the benzofuranyl, isopentenyl and methoxy groups presented in GC played critical role in its anti-cancer activity, while the furan group led to the further enhancement. The findings of the present study will be beneficial for developing coumarin-based compounds and coumarin compound-based regimen to fight against colon cancer.

5.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 36(1): 27-34, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631531

RESUMO

Multiple microRNAs (miRs) have also been implicated in ischemic brain injury. This research intended to probe the regulatory function and the mechanism of miR-15a on the ischemic brain injury induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) in neurons of rats. The OGD/R model was established with the cortical neurons separated from rats. After transfection with miR-15a mimic negative control (NC), miR-15a mimic, miR-15a inhibitor NC and miR-15a inhibitor, the OGD/R-induced apoptosis were detected. Using bioinformatic softwares including TargetScan, miRanda, and miRWalk to predict the underlying targets of miR-15a, and the binding of miR-15a with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were validated with double-fluorescein reporter assay system. The expression levels of BDNF mRNA and protein were detected with qRT-PCR and western blot. The effect of miR-15a on PI3K/AKT pathway in neurons submitted to OGD/R was also investigated. The findings showed that miR-15a may mediate the apoptosis of neurons submitted to OGD/R, and lower expression of Bcl-2 and higher expression of Bax and cleaved caspase-3 were observed. BDNF was screened as the candidate target, and the direct binding of miR-15a with 3'-UTR of BDNF were verified. Further research showed that miR-15a downregulated the expression of BDNF mRNA and protein, thus exerted negative regulatory effect on the OGD/R injury. PI3K/AKT pathway may be related to the regulatory effect of miR-15a. Our findings contribute to uncovering novel pathogenesis for ischemic brain injury.

6.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 123: 109748, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31869663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy is the main treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC); however radioresistance restricts its efficacy. Therefore, new molecular regulators are required to improve the radiosensitivity of NPC. Chromatin assembly factor 1 subunit B (CHAF1B) plays a role in DNA synthesis and repair, and participates in the progression of various malignancies. However, the expression and function of CHAF1B in NPC is unclear. METHODS: The expression of CHAF1B was determined using real-time PCR and western blotting. CHAF1B expression in 160 human NPC tissue samples was evaluated using immunochemistry (IHC). The correlations between CHAF1B expression and NPC clinicopathological features were determined. The effect of CHAF1B on the radiosensitivity of NPC cells was detected using 3-(4,5-Dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and colony formation assays. Apoptosis rates were analyzed using flow cytometry. A nude mouse subcutaneous xenograft model and living fluorescence imaging were applied to evaluate tumor regression in vivo. The molecular mechanisms of radioresistance were confirmed by bioinformatics analysis and detection of phosphorylated H2A histone family member X (γH2AX) foci. RESULTS: Significantly increased CHAF1B levels were observed in NPC tissues, which correlated positively with radioresistance and poor prognosis. In addition, CHAF1B was upregulated in radioresistant NPC cell lines. Overexpression of CHAF1B reduced, while silencing of CHAF1B enhanced, the radiosensitivity of NPC cells in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, CHAF1B inhibited NPC cell apoptosis by promoting DNA damage repair. Finally, the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) pathway was observed to be essential for CHAF1B promotion of DNA damage repair-mediated radioresistance. CONCLUSION: The results suggested CHAF1B enhances radioresistance by promoting DNA damage repair and inhibiting cell apoptosis, in a DNA-PK pathway-dependent manner. CHAF1B may serve as a novel factor for predicting radiorsensitivity. Besides, DNA-dependent protein kinase inhibitor could serve as a radiosensitizer for patients with NPC and high CHAF1B expression.

7.
Arch Med Res ; 50(7): 442-450, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786497

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The identification of new approaches and intervention targets for the treatment of AR is urgently needed. We aimed to investigate the effect of blocking the OX40/OX40L signaling pathway by small interfering RNA (siRNA) on ovalbumin (OVA)-induced AR in a mouse model. METHODS: After establishment of the AR model, the mice were interfered by siRNA-OX40L (experimental group), siRNA-C (negative control group), or PBS (control group). Nose scratching, sneezing and nasal discharge were observed. OX40L mRNA and protein and the IL-5, TNF-α, regulatory T cell (Treg) -specific marker Foxp3, and eosinophil (EOS) levels were analyzed. RESULTS: The numbers of nose scratching and sneezing were significantly lower in the siRNA-OX40L-treated group (p <0.05). After the intervention of siRNA-OX40L, OX40L mRNA and protein levels were significantly inhibited (p <0.05), but the Foxp3 level was significantly increased in the experimental group (p <0.05). The IL-5 and TNF-α levels were significantly lower in the experimental group (p <0.05), and the reduction was more evident for the Th2-type cytokine IL-5 than for the Th1-type cytokine TNF-α. Few or no EOSs were found in the nasal mucosal epithelium of the experimental group (p <0.05), whereas EOS infiltration was significant in the other two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Blockage of the OX40/OX40L signaling pathway with siRNA-OX40L interference can inhibit allergic reactions and relieve allergic symptoms in AR mice. The underlying mechanism may be related to correcting Th2 immune deviation, inducing immune tolerance, and promoting Treg production.

8.
Haematologica ; 2019 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857368

RESUMO

Remodeling of adipocyte morphology and function plays a critical role in prostate cancer development. We previously reported that leukemia cells secrete growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15),which remodels the residual bone marrow (BM) adipocytes into small adipocytes and is associated with a poor prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. However, little is known about how GDF15 drives BM adipocyte remodeling. In this study, we examined the role of the transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) channels in the remodeling of BM adipocytes exposed to GDF15. We found that TRPV4 negatively regulated GDF15-induced remodeling of BM adipocytes. Furthermore, transforming growth factor-ß type II receptor (TGFßRII) was identified as the main receptor for GDF15 on BM adipocytes. PI3K inhibitor treatment reduced GDF15-induced pAKT, identifying PI3K/AKT as the downstream stress response pathway. Subsequently, GDF15 reduced the expression of the transcription factor Forkhead box C1 (FOXC1) in BM adipocytes subjected to RNA-seq screening and Western blot analyse. Moreover, it was also confirmed that FOXC1 combined with the TRPV4 promoter by the Chip-qPCR experiments, which suggests that FOXC1 mediates GDF15 regulation of TRPV4. In addition, an AML mouse model exhibited smaller BM adipocytes, whereas the TRPV4 activator 4α-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate (4αPDD) partly rescued this process and increased survival. In conclusion, TRPV4 plays a critical role in BM adipocyte remodeling induced by leukemia cells, suggesting that targeting TRPV4 may constitute a novel strategy for AML therapy.

9.
Phytother Res ; 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840883

RESUMO

Licorice, an edible and medicinal plant, has long been used to treat various diseases, including liver diseases. Glycycoumarin (GCM) is a representative coumarin compound in licorice with favorable bioavailability feature. Recent studies by us demonstrated that GCM is highly effective against alcoholic liver disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity, and liver cancer through mechanisms involved in activation of Nrf2 antioxidant system, stimulation of AMPK-mediated energy homeostasis, induction of autophagy degradation process, and inhibiting oncogenic kinase T-lymphokine-activated killer cell-originated protein kinase activity. In this review, we summarize the findings on the hepatoprotective effect of GCM, discuss the signaling pathways underlying GCM-induced protective effect on liver diseases, and propose the issues that need to be addressed to promote further development of GCM as a clinically useful hepatoprotective agent.

10.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 19272, 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848409

RESUMO

The treatment for patients with stage IVc nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) at diagnosis was still controversial. In this study, we tried to build a prognostic score model and optimize the treatment for the patients. The prognostic model was based on the primary cohort involving 289 patients from 2002 to 2011 and the validation involving another 156 patients from 2012 to 2015.The prognostic model was built based on the hazard ratios of significant prognostic factors for overall survival (OS). By multivariate analysis, factors associated with poor OS were Karnofsky performance score ≤70, liver metastases, multiple-organ metastases, ≥2 metastatic lesions, lactate dehydrogenase >245 IU/I and poor response to chemotherapy (all P < 0.01). Based on these prognostic factors, patients were divided into the low-risk (0-2 points), intermediate-risk (3-6 points) and high-risk (≥7 points) groups. Five-year OS rates for the low-, intermediate- and high-risk groups were 49.3%, 9.7% and 0.0%, respectively (P < 0.01). Furthermore, loco-regional radiotherapy was associated with significantly better OS in low- and intermediate-risk patients, but not in high-risk patients. These results demonstrated that the prognostic score model based on six negative factors can effectively predict OS in patients with stage IVc NPC at diagnosis. Loco-regional radiotherapy may be beneficial for low- and intermediate-risk patients, but not for high-risk patients.

11.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(11): 4944-4952, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854560

RESUMO

The construction of the Three Gorges Reservoir has had certain effects on the ecological environment of the water and serious phytoplankton blooms have occurred in its tributary embayment. To explore the spatial distribution of nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients and chlorophyll-a in different tributaries of the Three Gorges Reservoir, a water quality study (June 2018) was conducted in the Xiangxi River, Shengnongxi River, and Daning River of the Three Gorges Reservoir. The results showed that the average TN in the three tributaries was 1.86 mg·L-1, 1.90 mg·L-1, and 1.43 mg·L-1, respectively, and average TP was 0.09 mg·L-1, 0.07 mg·L-1, and 0.05 mg·L-1, respectively. Single-factor ANOVA analysis showed that the spatial difference in TN was significant and occurred in the following order:Shennongxi River > Xiangxi River > Daning River. There were significant differences in the spatial distribution of TP, which were in the order off Xiangxi River > Shennongxi River > Daning River. The mean concentrations of chlorophyll-a in the three tributaries was 6.41 µg·L-1, 21.39 µg·L-1, and 9.85µg·L-1, respectively. The results from the Pearson correlation analysis, showed that chlorophyll-a concentrations were closely related to TP distribution in all tributaries, but Zeu/Zmix was also correlated with the distribution of chlorophyll-a in the Shennongxi River and Daning River. The ratio of TN and TP concentrations was 22.36, 26.76, and 28.6, respectively, which revealed that TP is a critical and limiting factor affecting phytoplankton growth in its tributary embayment.


Assuntos
Clorofila A , Rios , Sais , China , Clorofila , Monitoramento Ambiental , Eutrofização , Inundações , Nitrogênio , Nutrientes , Fósforo , Estações do Ano
12.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2019: 9691067, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781521

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate whether lymphocyte nadir induced by radiation is associated with survival and explore its underlying risk factors in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: Total lymphocyte counts were collected from 184 HCC patients treated by radiotherapy (RT) with complete follow-up. Associations between gross tumor volumes (GTVs) and radiation-associated parameters with lymphocyte nadir were evaluated by Pearson/Spearman correlation analysis and multiple linear regression. Kaplan-Meier analysis, log-rank test, as well as univariate and multivariate Cox regression were performed to assess the relationship between lymphocyte nadir and overall survival (OS). Results: GTVs and fractions were negatively related with lymphocyte nadir (p < 0.001 and p=0.001, respectively). Lymphocyte nadir and Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage were independent prognostic factors predicting OS of HCC patients (all p < 0.001). Patients in the GTV ≤55.0 cc and fractions ≤16 groups were stratified by lymphocyte nadir, and the group with the higher lymphocyte counts (LCs) showed longer survival than the group with lower LCs (p < 0.001 and p=0.006, respectively). Patient distribution significantly differed among the RT fraction groups according to BCLC stage (p < 0.001). However, stratification of patients in the same BCLC stage by RT fractionation showed that the stereotactic body RT (SBRT) group achieved the best survival. Furthermore, there were significant differences in lymphocyte nadir among patients in the SBRT group. Conclusions: A lower lymphocyte nadir during RT was associated with worse survival among HCC patients. Smaller GTVs and fractions reduced the risk of lymphopenia.

14.
15.
PeerJ ; 7: e8001, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720119

RESUMO

Small sea urchins Strongylocentrotus intermedius (1-2 cm of test diameter) are exposed to different environments of light intensities after being reseeded to the sea bottom. With little information available about the behavioral responses of S. intermedius to different light intensities in the environment, we carried out an investigation on how S. intermedius is affected by three light intensity environments in terms of phototaxis, foraging and righting behaviors. They were no light (zero lx), low light intensity (24-209 lx) and high light intensity (252-2,280 lx). Light intensity had obvious different effects on phototaxis. In low light intensity, sea urchins moved more and spent significantly more time at the higher intensity (69-209 lx) (P = 0.046). S. intermedius in high light intensity, in contrast, spent significantly more time at lower intensity (252-690 lx) (P = 0.005). Unexpectedly, no significant difference of movement (average velocity and total distance covered) was found among the three light intensities (P > 0.05). Foraging behavior of S. intermedius was significantly different among the light intensities. In the no light environment, only three of ten S. intermedius found food within 7 min. In low light intensity, nine of 10 sea urchins showed successful foraging behavior to the food placed at 209 lx, which was significantly higher than the ratio of the number (two of 10) when food was placed at 24 lx (P = 0.005). In the high light intensity, in contrast, significantly less sea urchins (three of 10) found food placed at the higher light intensity (2,280 lx) compared with the lower light intensity (252 lx) (10/10, P = 0.003). Furthermore, S. intermedius showed significantly longer righting response time in the high light intensity compared with both no light (P = 0.001) and low light intensity (P = 0.031). No significant difference was found in righting behavior between no light and low light intensity (P = 0.892). The present study indicates that light intensity significantly affects phototaxis, foraging and righting behaviors of S. intermedius and that ~200 lx might be the appropriate light intensity for reseeding small S. intermedius.

16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(22)2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731810

RESUMO

Application of safety-related information interaction among vehicles has always been a research frontier in Vehicular Ad-hoc NETworks (VANETs). These messages require high real-time performance. There is a lot of research dependant on creating optimization model for communication task scheduling or routing protocols to reduce communication delay. In this paper, we analyze characteristics of safety-related information and introduce Interference Alignment (IA) technology in VANETs. To further improve routing efficiency, a data-driven assisted transmission routing and broadcast model framework for Vehicle to Vehicle(V2V) and Vehicle to Infrastructure (V2I) communication are constructed which are the basis for IA. Depending on the proposed model, we propose an optimization problem of minimizing total number of time slots required for safety information sharing in VANETs. Then a clustering algorithm is designed to narrow feasible solution space. Simulation results show that the approach can effectively reduce the number of time slots required and improve link use by 20% percent compared with no IA applied.

17.
Biomed Opt Express ; 10(10): 5015-5024, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646026

RESUMO

The visual evaluation of liver function (LF) has always been a hot topic in research on liver diseases. In vivo fluorescence imaging (IVFI) of the Cy5.5-galactosylated polylysine (Cy5.5-GP) probe targeting asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR), for evaluating LF in chronic alcoholic liver injury (cALI) mice was investigated in this study. The decrease of fluorescence signals in the livers showed a biological relationship with the liver ASGPR expression, histology, and serum marker levels of LF in cALI mice. The targeted IVFI of ASGPR as a novel method can intuitively and noninvasively display the characteristics of liver's ASGPR level to provide a reference for evaluating LF.

18.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(43): 24017-24025, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646306

RESUMO

The oxygen redox process in Li- and Mn-rich layered oxides will inevitably lead to the generation of oxygen vacancies on the surface and their subsequent injection into the bulk lattice, which incurs poor kinetics, capacity decrease, and voltage fading. Herein, this predicament is effectively alleviated by bulk doping of K+, which is intrinsically stable in the lattice to inhibit the generation of oxygen vacancies in the deep delithiated state. More importantly, the benefits of K+ doping on the structural reversibility during prolonged cycling were studied by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy in both perpendicular and parallel polarization modes and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The results elucidate that the migration of transition-metal ions and oxygen vacancies and the reduction of Mn-ions are mitigated after K+ doping. Consequently, the growth of Li-poor nanovoids in the bulk lattice is greatly diminished and the structural transition from layered to spinel phases is effectively delayed.

19.
Nanoscale ; 11(40): 18612-18618, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580370

RESUMO

It is important to explore luminescent single-molecule magnets (SMMs) to promote their application in high-density data storage. Herein, we report two dimetallofullerenes of DyEr@C82 isomers, which exhibit cage-dependent single-molecule magnet behavior and photoluminescence properties. DyEr@C82 isomers were characterized with a Cs and C3v cage symmetry by UV-vis-NIR spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Magnetic results revealed that DyEr@C3v-C82 displays SMM behavior below 3 K, whereas DyEr@Cs-C82 is a paramagnet. In addition, photoluminescence (PL) was also observed for both of these two isomers, whose peak patterns are different. Theoretical calculations revealed the presence of a one-electron-two-center Dy-Er bond in these two isomers, and different electronic structures of DyEr@Cs-C82 and DyEr@C3v-C82, which agrees well with the experimental results. These results show that dimetallofullerenes are promising magneto-luminescent materials with varied properties.

20.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(37): 20706-20719, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508631

RESUMO

A new method based on work function to analyze the interfacial stability and strength of ceramic-metal composites was proposed in this work. The interfacial work function gradient and interfacial elastic modulus were evaluated experimentally using WC-Co and TiC-Co as the examples. It found that a stable and strongly bonded interface had a gradually changing interfacial work function, while a weak interface exhibited a steep work function changing across the interface. The spatial resolution of the experimental analysis could be down to 10 nm with a high work function sensitivity. First-principles calculations were conducted to analyze the electronic configurations across the interfaces. They revealed the potential distribution across the interfaces in the sub-nano scale. They demonstrated that the interface with a smaller interfacial work function gradient had smaller interface energy and stronger interfacial bonds, and thus the interface was more stable and stronger. The calculation disclosed the mechanism of the experimental observations of the interfacial work function. Both the experimental and theoretical studies confirmed that the interfacial work function gradient could be a measure of the interactions across the interfaces. The effectiveness of the established model was demonstrated by analyzing the stability of thin films at WC/Co interfaces. This study provides a new method to evaluate the interfacial stability and bonding strength for cermets.

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