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1.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(8): 802-808, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511169

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphism with susceptibility to bronchial asthma and glucocorticoid (GC) efficacy in children. METHODS: A total of 173 children with bronchial asthma who were hospitalized between June 2018 and December 2020 were selected as the observation group. The children received aerosol inhalation of GC for three consecutive months. A total of 178 healthy children who underwent physical examination during the same period were selected as the control group. PCR was used to detect the genotypes of the MTHFR C677T for the two groups. The differences in genotype distribution between the two groups were analyzed. Children with different genotypes in the observation group were compared in terms of immunoglobulin E (IgE), interleukin-8 (IL-8), leukotriene B4 (LTB4), lung function, and clinical outcome before and after treatment. RESULTS: TT genotype and T allele were significantly more frequent in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.001). TT/CT genotypes and T allele were independent risk factors for bronchial asthma (OR=6.615 and 7.055 respectively; P<0.001). After GC treatment, the children with CC, CT or TT genotypes experienced significantly decreased levels of IgE, IL-8, and LTB4 and significantly increased forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and FEV1/FVC ratio (P<0.001). The children with TT genotype showed significantly lower levels of IL-8 and LTB4 than those with CC genotype, a significantly lower level of LTB4 than those with CT genotype, significantly higher FVC than those with CT genotype, and a significantly higher FEV1/FVC ratio than those with CC genotype (P<0.05). The children with TT genotype had better GC efficacy compared with those with CC genotype (P<0.05). TT genotype was an independent factor for good GC efficacy (OR=2.111, P=0.018). CONCLUSIONS: MTHFR gene polymorphism is associated with asthma susceptibility and GC efficacy in children. Children carrying TT/CT genotypes have a higher risk of developing asthma, and those with TT genotype are more sensitive to GC treatment.


Assuntos
Asma , Glucocorticoides , Alelos , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Asma/genética , Criança , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Redutase (NADPH2)/genética , Polimorfismo Genético
2.
Thromb Res ; 124(5): 631-9, 2009 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19683796

RESUMO

Thrombin-like enzyme (TLE) plays a significant role in vessel injury hemostasis. A novel snake venom TLE (Agacutin) was purified from Agkistrodon Acutus snake venom. Structural analysis indicated that Agacutin is a heterodimer that has a MW of 29,402 Da, a pI value of 5.39, and optimum activity at 35 degrees C and pH 7.5. The N-terminal 15 amino acid sequences of Agacutin are DSSGWSSYEGHEYYV (small subunit) and DCSSGWSSYEEHQYY (large subunit). In vitro studies indicated that the coagulation activity of Agacutin was activated by Ca(+2) or inhibited by phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride, but not influenced by heparin or hirudin. The arginine esterase activity and fibrinogen hydrolysis result showed that Agacutin only cleaves alpha-subunit and releases fibrinopeptide A. In vivo studies indicated that Agacutin iv (0.01-0.05 U/kg) shortened 30.2-49% of the rabbit blood clotting time, or ip (0.5-2.0 U/kg) shortened 29.7-73.1% of the mouse tail bleeding time. Agacutin does not influence APTT, platelet or euglobulin clotting time, and activate Factor II or XIII. It converts fibrinogen into the soluble fibrin that accelerates hemostasis at wound.


Assuntos
Agkistrodon/metabolismo , Venenos de Crotalídeos/química , Venenos de Crotalídeos/farmacologia , Hemostasia/efeitos dos fármacos , Trombina/química , Trombina/farmacologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Cálcio/farmacologia , Venenos de Crotalídeos/isolamento & purificação , Venenos de Crotalídeos/metabolismo , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Heparina/farmacologia , Hirudinas/farmacologia , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Ponto Isoelétrico , Camundongos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Coelhos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Temperatura , Trombina/isolamento & purificação , Trombina/metabolismo
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