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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(4)2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070052

RESUMO

Background: Irisin, a novel exercise-induced myokine, was shown to mediate beneficial effects of exercise in osteoporosis. Microgravity is a major threat to bone homeostasis of astronauts during long-term spaceflight, which results in decreased bone formation. Methods: The hind-limb unloading mice model and a random position machine are respectively used to simulate microgravity in vivo and in vitro. Results: We demonstrate that not only are bone formation and osteoblast differentiation decreased, but the expression of fibronectin type III domain-containing 5 (Fdnc5; irisin precursor) is also downregulated under simulated microgravity. Moreover, a lower dose of recombinant irisin (r-irisin) (1 nM) promotes osteogenic marker gene (alkaline phosphatase (Alp), collagen type 1 alpha-1(ColIα1)) expressions, ALP activity, and calcium deposition in primary osteoblasts, with no significant effect on osteoblast proliferation. Furthermore, r-irisin could recover the decrease in osteoblast differentiation induced by simulated microgravity. We also find that r-irisin increases ß-catenin expression and partly neutralizes the decrease in ß-catenin expression induced by simulated microgravity. In addition, ß-catenin overexpression could also in part attenuate osteoblast differentiation reduction induced by simulated microgravity. Conclusions: The present study is the first to show that r-irisin positively regulates osteoblast differentiation under simulated microgravity through increasing ß-catenin expression, which may reveal a novel mechanism, and it provides a prevention strategy for bone loss and muscle atrophy induced by microgravity.

2.
BMJ Open ; 10(2): e030854, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029484

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We employed a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis to assess benefits and risks of a threshold of haemoglobin level below 7 g/dL versus liberal transfusion strategy among critically ill patients, and even patients with septic shock. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: We performed systematical searches for relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in the Cochrane Library, EMBASE and PubMed databases up to 1 September 2019. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: RCTs among adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients comparing 7 g/dL as restrictive strategy with liberal transfusion were incorporated. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: The clinical outcomes, including short-term mortality, length of hospital stay, length of ICU stay, myocardial infarction (MI) and ischaemic events, were screened and analysed after data collection. We applied odds ratios (ORs) to analyse dichotomous outcomes and standardised mean differences (SMDs) to analyse continuous outcomes with fixed or random effects models based on heterogeneity evaluation for each outcome. RESULTS: Eight RCTs with 3415 patients were included. Compared with a more liberal threshold, a red blood cell (RBC) transfusion threshold <7 g/dL haemoglobin showed no significant difference in short-term mortality (OR: 0.90, 95% CI: 0.67 to 1.21, p=0.48, I2=53%), length of hospital stay (SMD: -0.11, 95% CI: -0.30 to 0.07, p=0.24, I2=71%), length of ICU stay (SMD: -0.03, 95% CI: -0.14 to 0.08, p=0.54, I2=0%) or ischaemic events (OR: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.43 to 1.48, p=0.48, I2=51%). However, we found that the incidence of MI (OR: 0.54, 95% CI: 0.30 to 0.98, p=0.04, I2=0%) was lower in the group with the threshold <7 g/dL than that with the more liberal threshold. CONCLUSIONS: An RBC transfusion threshold <7 g/dL haemoglobin is incapable of decreasing short-term mortality in ICU patients according to currently published evidences, while it might have potential role in reducing MI incidence.

3.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 103, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Luman is a member of CREB3 (cAMP responsive element-binding) subfamily of the basic leucine-zipper (bZIP) transcription factors. It may play an important regulatory role during the decidualization process since Luman was highly expressed in the decidual cells. However, the exact molecular mechanisms of how Luman regulating decidualization is unknown. RESULTS: Using an in vitro model, we prove that Luman knockdown significantly affects the decidualization process of mice endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) as the expression of two decidual markers PRL8a2 and PRL3c1 were repressed. We employed massively parallel RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) to understand the changes in the transcriptional landscape associated with knockdown of Luman in ESCs during in vitro decidualization. We found significant dysregulation of genes related to protein processing in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Several genes involved in decidualization including bone morphogenetic proteins (e.g. BMP1, BMP4, BMP8A, BMP2, and BMP8B), growth factor-related genes (e.g. VEGFB, FGF10, and FGFR2), and transcription factors (IF4E, IF4A2, WNT4, WNT9A, ETS1, NOTCH1, IRX1, IDB1, IDB2, and IDB3), show altered expression. We also found that the knockdown of Luman is associated with increased expression of cell cycle-related genes including cycA1, cycB1, cycB2, CDK1, CDK2, and PLPK1, which resulted in an increased proportion of ESCs in the G1 phase. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were highly enriched on ECM-receptor interaction signaling, endoplasmic reticulum protein processing, focal adhesion, and PI3K-Akt signaling pathways. CONCLUSIONS: Luman knockdown results in widespread gene dysregulation during decidualization of ESCs. Genes involved in protein processing in ER, bone morphogenetic protein, growth factor, and cell cycle progression were identified as particularly important for explaining the decidual deficiency observed in this in vitro model. Therefore, this study provides clues as to the underlying mechanisms that may expand our understanding of gene regulation during decidualization.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020447

RESUMO

The one-stage partial nitritation-anammox (PN-A) process is considered an efficient process for low-cost nitrogen removal. In this study, the nitrogen removal performance of different-sized granules in a one-stage PN-A reactor was studied. The total autotrophic nitrogen removal rate (TANRR) of the granular sludge increased as the granule size increased, and the TANRR of granular sludge with a radius larger than 500 µm reached 0.14 kgN kgVSS-1 d-1. High-throughput sequencing revealed that the abundance of ammonium-oxidizing bacteria and anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing (anammox) bacteria in granular sludge of different sizes differed, indicating that the bacterial community structure was affected by the granule size. The TANRR of different-sized granules was affected by the volumes of aerobic micro-zone and anaerobic micro-zone inside the granule. Appropriate micro-zone volumes inside the granules could be regulated by the dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration of the reactor, which are favourable for achieving a balance between partial nitritation and anammox and then satisfactory nitrogen removal. Small-volume variations in the range of micro-zones have a significant influence on the balance between partial nitritation and anammox. The proper DO concentration required for different-sized granules to achieve better nitrogen removal differed. This study provides a novel perspective for understanding the effect of micro-zones of granular sludge on one-stage PN-A nitrogen removal.

5.
Autophagy ; : 1-17, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048886

RESUMO

The structural integrity and functional stability of organelles are prerequisites for the viability and responsiveness of cells. Dysfunction of multiple organelles is critically involved in the pathogenesis and progression of various diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cardiovascular diseases, infection, and neurodegenerative diseases. In fact, those organelles synchronously present with evident structural derangement and aberrant function under exposure to different stimuli, which might accelerate the corruption of cells. Therefore, the quality control of multiple organelles is of great importance in maintaining the survival and function of cells and could be a potential therapeutic target for human diseases. Organelle-specific autophagy is one of the major subtypes of autophagy, selectively targeting different organelles for quality control. This type of autophagy includes mitophagy, pexophagy, reticulophagy (endoplasmic reticulum), ribophagy, lysophagy, and nucleophagy. These kinds of organelle-specific autophagy are reported to be beneficial for inflammatory disorders by eliminating damaged organelles and maintaining homeostasis. In this review, we summarized the recent findings and mechanisms covering different kinds of organelle-specific autophagy, as well as their involvement in various diseases, aiming to arouse concern about the significance of the quality control of multiple organelles in the treatment of inflammatory diseases.Abbreviations: ABCD3: ATP binding cassette subfamily D member 3; AD: Alzheimer disease; ALS: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; AMBRA1: autophagy and beclin 1 regulator 1; AMPK: AMP-activated protein kinase; ARIH1: ariadne RBR E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1; ATF: activating transcription factor; ATG: autophagy related; ATM: ATM serine/threonine kinase; BCL2: BCL2 apoptosis regulator; BCL2L11/BIM: BCL2 like 11; BCL2L13: BCL2 like 13; BECN1: beclin 1; BNIP3: BCL2 interacting protein 3; BNIP3L/NIX: BCL2 interacting protein 3 like; CALCOCO2/NDP52: calcium binding and coiled-coil domain 2; CANX: calnexin; CAT: catalase; CCPG1: cell cycle progression 1; CHDH: choline dehydrogenase; COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CSE: cigarette smoke exposure; CTSD: cathepsin D; DDIT3/CHOP: DNA-damage inducible transcript 3; DISC1: DISC1 scaffold protein; DNM1L/DRP1: dynamin 1 like; EIF2AK3/PERK: eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha kinase 3; EIF2S1/eIF2α: eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha kinase 3; EMD: emerin; EPAS1/HIF-2α: endothelial PAS domain protein 1; ER: endoplasmic reticulum; ERAD: ER-associated degradation; ERN1/IRE1α: endoplasmic reticulum to nucleus signaling 1; FBXO27: F-box protein 27; FKBP8: FKBP prolyl isomerase 8; FTD: frontotemporal dementia; FUNDC1: FUN14 domain containing 1; G3BP1: G3BP stress granule assembly factor 1; GBA: glucocerebrosidase beta; HIF1A/HIF1: hypoxia inducible factor 1 subunit alpha; IMM: inner mitochondrial membrane; LCLAT1/ALCAT1: lysocardiolipin acyltransferase 1; LGALS3/Gal3: galectin 3; LIR: LC3-interacting region; LMNA: lamin A/C; LMNB1: lamin B1; LPS: lipopolysaccharide; MAPK8/JNK: mitogen-activated protein kinase 8; MAMs: mitochondria-associated membranes; MAP1LC3B/LC3B: microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 beta; MFN1: mitofusin 1; MOD: multiple organelles dysfunction; MTPAP: mitochondrial poly(A) polymerase; MUL1: mitochondrial E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1; NBR1: NBR1 autophagy cargo receptor; NLRP3: NLR family pyrin domain containing 3; NUFIP1: nuclear FMR1 interacting protein 1; OMM: outer mitochondrial membrane; OPTN: optineurin; PD: Parkinson disease; PARL: presenilin associated rhomboid like; PEX3: peroxisomal biogenesis factor 3; PGAM5: PGAM family member 5; PHB2: prohibitin 2; PINK1: PTEN induced putative kinase 1; PRKN: parkin RBR E3 ubiquitin protein ligase; RB1CC1/FIP200: RB1 inducible coiled-coil 1; RETREG1/FAM134B: reticulophagy regulator 1; RHOT1/MIRO1: ras homolog family member T1; RIPK3/RIP3: receptor interacting serine/threonine kinase 3; ROS: reactive oxygen species; RTN3: reticulon 3; SEC62: SEC62 homolog, preprotein translocation factor; SESN2: sestrin2; SIAH1: siah E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1; SNCA: synuclein alpha; SNCAIP: synuclein alpha interacting protein; SQSTM1/p62: sequestosome 1; STING1: stimulator of interferon response cGAMP interactor 1; TAX1BP1: Tax1 binding protein 1; TBK1: TANK binding kinase 1; TFEB: transcription factor EB; TICAM1/TRIF: toll-like receptor adaptor molecule 1; TIMM23: translocase of inner mitochondrial membrane 23; TNKS: tankyrase; TOMM: translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane; TRIM: tripartite motif containing; UCP2: uncoupling protein 2; ULK1: unc-51 like autophagy activating kinase; UPR: unfolded protein response; USP10: ubiquitin specific peptidase 10; VCP/p97: valosin containing protein; VDAC: voltage dependent anion channels; XIAP: X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis; ZNHIT3: zinc finger HIT-type containing 3.

6.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(1): 249-258, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957402

RESUMO

Stellera chamaejasme is one of the most serious weeds in Qinhai-Tibetan Plateau, the rapid expansion of which exerts an increasing effect on the alpine meadow ecosystem. With high-throughput sequencing technology, geostatistics and GIS method, the spatial heterogeneity of soil fungal diversity in Stellera occurrence area and the spatial correlation between Stellera coverage and soil fungal diversity were investigated in a typical degraded alpine meadow of the Qilian Mountain. Compared to no-Stellera area, the fungi richness in Stellera area decreased, the dominance increased, and the α-diversity reduced. The difference of fungal species composition enhanced and ß-diversity significantly increased. The spatial pattern of soil fungal diversity was affected by the invasion of Stellera, resulting in higher fragmentation in occurrence area. Spatial heterogeneity of species composition increased remarkably, and spatial stability of α-diversity and ß-diversity decreased. The portion of positive correlation and negative correlation interlaced, indicating no clear spatial correlation between Stellera coverage and soil fungal diversity. Our results indicate that the spatial pattern of soil fungal diversity was affected by the interaction of soil and vegetation in Stellera invaded meadows.


Assuntos
Solo , Thymelaeaceae , Ecossistema , Fungos , Pradaria , Microbiologia do Solo
7.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964784

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the potential for CUE-101, a novel therapeutic fusion protein, to selectively activate and expand HPV16 E711-20-specific CD8+T cells as an off-the shelf therapy for the treatment of HPV16-driven tumors, including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), cervical and anal cancers. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: CUE-101 is an Fc fusion protein comprised of a human leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex, an HPV16 E7 peptide epitope, reduced affinity human interleukin-2 (IL-2) molecules, and an effector attenuated human immunoglobulin G (IgG1) Fc domain. Human E7-specific T cells and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were tested to demonstrate cellular activity and specificity of CUE-101, while in vivo activity of CUE-101 was assessed in HLA-A2 transgenic mice. Anti-tumor efficacy with a murine surrogate (mCUE-101) was tested in the TC-1 syngeneic tumor model. RESULTS: CUE-101 demonstrates selective binding, activation, and expansion of HPV16 E711-20-specific CD8+T cells from PBMCs relative to non-target cells. Intravenous administration of CUE-101 induced selective expansion of HPV16 E711-20-specific CD8+T cells in HLA-A2 (AAD) transgenic mice, and anti-cancer efficacy and immunologic memory was demonstrated in TC-1 tumor bearing mice treated with mCUE-101. Combination therapy with anti-PD-1 checkpoint blockade further enhanced the observed efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with its design, CUE-101 demonstrates selective expansion of an HPV16 E711-20-specific population of cytotoxic CD8+T cells, a favorable safety profile, and in vitro and in vivo evidence supporting its potential for clinical efficacy in an ongoing Phase 1 trial (NCT03978689).

8.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2020 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901960

RESUMO

A novel online two-dimensional supercritical fluid chromatography/reversed-phase liquid chromatography-triple-quadrupole mass spectrometry (2D SFC/RPLC-QQQ MS) method based on a vacuum solvent evaporation interface was developed for lipid profiling in human plasma, in which lipid classes were separated by the first-dimension SFC and different lipid molecular species were further separated by the second-dimension RPLC. All separation condition parameters were carefully optimized, and their influence on the chromatographic behavior of lipids is discussed. Finally, the recoveries of 11 lipid standards were all more than 88% for the interface. Besides, the limit of detection for these lipid standards was on the order of nanograms per milliliter, and the relative standard deviations of the peak area and retention time ranged from 1.54% to 19.85% and from 0.00% to 0.10%, respectively. The final 2D SFC/RPLC-QQQ MS method allowed the identification of 370 endogenous lipid species from ten lipid classes, including diacylglycerol, triacylglycerol, ceramide, glucosylceramide, galactosylceramide, lactosylceramide, sphingomyelin, acylcarnitine, phosphatidylcholine, and lysophosphatidylethanolamine, in human plasma within 38 min, which was used for screening potential lipid biomarkers in breast cancer. The 2D SFC/RPLC-QQQ MS method is a potentially useful tool for in-depth studies focused on complex lipid metabolism and biomarker discovery. Graphical Abstract.

9.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(1): 27-37, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892843

RESUMO

Introduction: Sepsis is an intractable disorder, which is associated with high risk of organ dysfunction and even death, while its pathogenesis remains largely unclear. Our study aims to study the research trend on sepsis and host immune response, and compare the contribution of publications from different countries, institutions, journals and authors. Materials and Methods: We extracted all relevant publications with regard to sepsis and immune response during 1999-2019 from Web of Science. GraphPad Prism 6, and VOSviewer software were used to collect and analyze the publication trend in related field. Results: We identified a total of 1225 publications with citation frequency of 40511 times up to March 30, 2019. The United States accounted for the largest number of publications (36.3%), 51.9% of total citations as well as the highest H-index (72). The sum of publications from China ranked the second, while the overall citations (1935) and H-index (22) ranked the eighth and the seventh, respectively. Journal of Shock had published most papers related to the topic on sepsis and immune response. Ayala A SA, has published the most papers in this field (31), while Hotchkiss RS presented with the most citation frequency (3532). The keyword "regulatory T cell" appeared most recently with an average appearing years of 2014.0. The "immunosuppression related research" seemed to be the hotspot in relevant scope. Conclusions: The United States made the most outstanding contribution within this important field. There is a mismatch between the quantity and quality of publications from China. Latest progress can be tracked in journal of Shock. Immunosuppression related researches may be hotspots in the near future.

10.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(1): 317-327, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709715

RESUMO

Microtubule actin cross-linking factor 1 (Macf1) is a spectraplakin family member known to regulate cytoskeletal dynamics, cell migration, neuronal growth and cell signal transduction. We previously demonstrated that knockdown of Macf1 inhibited the differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cell line. However, whether Macf1 could regulate bone formation in vivo is unclear. To study the function and mechanism of Macf1 in bone formation and osteogenic differentiation, we established osteoblast-specific Osterix (Osx) promoter-driven Macf1 conditional knockout mice (Macf1f/f Osx-Cre). The Macf1f/f Osx-Cre mice displayed delayed ossification and decreased bone mass. Morphological and mechanical studies showed deteriorated trabecular microarchitecture and impaired biomechanical strength of femur in Macf1f/f Osx-Cre mice. In addition, the differentiation of primary osteoblasts isolated from calvaria was inhibited in Macf1f/f Osx-Cre mice. Deficiency of Macf1 in primary osteoblasts inhibited the expression of osteogenic marker genes (Col1, Runx2 and Alp) and the number of mineralized nodules. Furthermore, deficiency of Macf1 attenuated Bmp2/Smad/Runx2 signalling in primary osteoblasts of Macf1f/f Osx-Cre mice. Together, these results indicated that Macf1 plays a significant role in bone formation and osteoblast differentiation by regulating Bmp2/Smad/Runx2 pathway, suggesting that Macf1 might be a therapeutic target for bone disease.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483238

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bone is an important tissue and its normal function requires tight coordination of transcriptional networks and signaling pathways, and many of these networks/ pathways are dysregulated in pathological conditions affecting cartilage and bones. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) refers to a class of RNAs with a length of more than 200 nucleotides, lack of protein-coding potential, and exhibiting a wide range of biological functions. Although studies on lcnRNAs are still in their infancy, they have emerged as critical players in bone biology and bone diseases. The functions and exact mechanism of bone-related lncRNAs have not been fully classified yet. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to summarize the current literature on lncRNAs on the basis of their role in bone biology and diseases, focusing on their emerging molecular mechanism, pathological implications and therapeutic potential. DISCUSSION: A number of lncRNAs have been identified and shown to play important roles in multiple bone cells and bone disease. The function and mechanism of bone-related lncRNA remain to be elucidated. CONCLUSION: At present, majority of knowledge is limited to cellular levels and less is known on how lncRNAs could potentially control the development and homeostasis of bone. In the present review, we highlight some lncRNAs in the field of bone biology and bone disease. We also delineate some lncRNAs that might have deep impacts on understanding bone diseases and providing new therapeutic strategies to treat these diseases.

12.
Burns ; 46(1): 75-82, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852619

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Blast injuries are complex types of physical trauma resulting from direct or indirect exposure to an explosion, which can be divided into four classes: primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary. Primary blast injury results in damage, principally, in gas-containing organs such as the lungs (blast lung injury, BLI). BLI is defined as radiological and clinical evidence of acute lung injury occurring within 12h of exposure to an explosion and not due to secondary or tertiary injury. BLI often combines with cutaneous thermal injury, a type of quaternary blast injury, either in terrorist bomb attacks or in civilian accidental explosions. This report summarizes our experience in the management of combined massive burn and BLI at a Shanghai Burn Center in China. METHODS: A retrospective observational analysis of clinical data was performed for massive burn patients with or without BLI during a 20-year interval. Patient characteristics, causes of injury, clinical parameters, management, and outcomes were recorded and evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 151 patients (120 males and 31 females) with severe burn injury (≥50% TBSA) treated at the Burn Center of Changhai Hospital in Shanghai between July 1997 and June 2017 were enrolled in this study. Their mean age was 38.6±17.8 (3-75) years. Among them, 28 patients had combined BLI and burn injury and 39 patients had no BLI or smoke inhalation injury (non-BLI-SII). No significant difference was observed in the burn area or full-thickness burn area between the two groups. The lowest PaO2/fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) ratio during the first 24h in BLI patients was significantly lower than that in non-BLI-SII patients. Exudative changes were observed by X-ray radiography in all BLI patients but not in non-BLI-SII patients within 6h after injury. A significantly higher proportion of colloids were used for fluid resuscitation in BLI patients than that in non-BLI-SII patients. A higher proportion and longer time of mechanical ventilation were needed for BLI patients than those for non-BLI-SII patients, and a higher proportion of patients received sedative agents in the BLI group than those in the non-BLI-SII group. The first escharectomy was performed relatively later in BLI patients than in non-BLI-SII patients because of more time taken by BLI patients to recover from lung injury. The length of ICU and hospital stay in BLI patients was significantly longer than that in non-BLI-SII patients. No significant difference in the overall mortality was detected between these two groups. CONCLUSION: It is a formidable challenge for clinicians to diagnose and manage massive burn patients combined with BLI. A comprehensive treatment approach is strongly recommended, including fluid resuscitation, airway management, mechanical ventilation, and surgical treatment. Given the high mortality of massive burn patients combined with BLI even in a recognized burn center, more prospective studies are encouraged to assess more effective strategies for the treatment of such patients.

13.
Burns ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784239

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The study was performed to estimate the diagnostic blood loss (DBL) volume during hospitalization and investigate its relationship with the development of moderate to severe hospital acquired anemia (HAA) and increased number of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion following extensive burns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of adult burned patients with total body surface area (TBSA) burn larger than 40%, who were admitted to burn center of Changhai hospital between January 2005 and December 2017. RESULTS: We included a final number of 157 patients in the present study. Moderate to severe HAA within the fourth week postburn was developed in 46 of 121 patients who stayed over 28-day hospitalization. Patients with moderate to severe HAA had both significantly higher total DBL volume [245 (IQR: 183.75, 325.25) mL vs 168 (119, 163) mL ; P = 0.001] and DBL volume per day [10.22 (IQR: 8.57, 12.38) mL vs 6.63 (5.22, 10.42) mL/day; P = 0.005]. Logistic regression analysis revealed that both DBL volume per day and TBSA burn were independent risk factors for the development of moderate to severe HAA. CONCLUSIONS: Severely burned patients appear to be prone to develop HAA during hospitalization. The DBL volume contribute to the occurrence of moderate to severe HAA, which might be a modifiable target for preventing HAA.

14.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17888, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784652

RESUMO

Acinetobacter baumannii is a frequent cause of the nosocomial infections. Herein, a novel isothermal amplification technique, multiple cross displacement amplification (MCDA) is employed for detecting all A. baumannii strains and identifying the strains harboring blaOXA-23-like gene. The duplex MCDA assay, which targets the pgaD and blaOXA-23-like genes, could identify the A. baumannii isolates and differentiate these isolates harboring blaOXA-23-like gene. The disposable lateral flow biosensors (LFB) were used for analyzing the MCDA products. A total of sixty-eight isolates, include fifty-three A. baumannii strains and fifteen non-A. baumannii strains, were employed to optimize MCDA methods and determine the sensitivity, specificity and feasibility. The optimal reaction condition is found to be 63 °C within 1 h, with limit of detection at 100 fg templates per tube for pgaD and blaOXA-23-like genes in pure cultures. The specificity of this assay is 100%. Moreover, the practical application of the duplex MCDA-LFB assay was evaluated using clinical samples, and the results obtained from duplex MCDA-LFB method were consistent with conventional culture-based technique. In sum, the duplex MCDA-LFB assay appears to be a reliable, rapid and specific technique to detect all A. baumannii strains and identify these strains harboring blaOXA-23-like gene for appropriate antibiotic therapy.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872255

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Osteoporosis is a degenerative bone disease in aging men and women. MiRNAs associated with progressive bone loss in osteoporosis had not been clearly demonstrated. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the differentially expressed miRNAs in bone tissue and serum of osteoporotic women with aging. METHODS: MiRNAs GeneChip and real-time PCR were used to screen differently expressed miRNAs in bone tissues of 21 aged osteoporotic women at 60-69 years and 80-89 years. Identified miRNAs were detected in serum of validation cohort consisted of 14 healthy premenopausal women and 86 postmenopausal women with osteopenia or osteoporosis. MiR-181c-5p and miR-497-3p expression were validated in aging and OVX mice models, and osteoblasts. Their role in osteogenesis was validated in vitro. RESULTS: 24 miRNAs were found to be top differentially expressed in bone tissues of osteoporotic women in initial screening. 4 miRNAs were identified both in bone tissue and serum in the validation cohort. Among them, miR-181c-5p and miR-497-5p were decreased in the serum of postmenopausal women with osteopenia or osteoporosis, but increased in subjects treated with bisphosphonate plus calcitriol. MiR-181c-5p and miR-497-5p were significantly downregulated in bone tissue of aging and OVX mice models, and upregulated in osteogenic differentiation of hFOB1.19 and MC3T3-E1 cells. Overexpression of miR-181c-5p and miR-497-5p could promote the differentiation and mineralization of osteoblast. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-181c-5p and miR-497-5p are involved in bone metabolism and associated with progressive bone loss of osteoporosis, suggesting that circulating miR-181c-5p and miR-497-5p might act as potential biomarkers for monitoring effects of anti-osteoporosis therapies or diagnostic approach.

16.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666437

RESUMO

AIM: A high-risk strategy has been implemented for lipid-lowering therapy in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. However, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events are common among individuals with low cardiovascular risk. This study aimed to determine whether the small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDLC) level can predict carotid atherosclerosis progression and identify high-risk individuals. METHODS: Baseline sdLDLC and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC) were measured in 808 participants from the Chinese Multi-provincial Cohort Study, aged 45-74 years. Adjusted relative risk was calculated using a modified Poisson regression model to assess the relationship between sdLDLC and 5-year atherosclerosis progression, as indicated by the progression, incidence, and multi-territorial extent of carotid plaque. RESULTS: The 5-year atherosclerosis progression increased significantly with increased sdLDLC. Baseline sdLDLC was significantly associated with the short-term risk of plaque progression after multivariable adjustment, even in participants with low LDLC or a 10-year estimated cardiovascular risk. sdLDLC predicted plaque progression (relative risk 2.05; 95% confidence interval 1.43-2.93) in participants with LDLC <130 mg/dL. Furthermore, participants with the highest sdLDLC but intermediate or low cardiovascular risk (accounting for 16% of the cohort) had double the risk of plaque progression, which was comparable to those with the same sdLDLC and high cardiovascular risk, relative to those with the lowest sdLDLC levels and low cardiovascular risk. CONCLUSIONS: sdLDLC is independently associated with the progression of carotid atherosclerosis, which may provide a basis for clinicians to reclassify individuals believed to be at low cardiovascular risk into the high-risk category, and those with high sdLDLC may benefit from more aggressive cholesterol-lowering treatment.

17.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 2411, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708891

RESUMO

Casein and chicken are assessed to contain high quality proteins, which are essential for human health. Studies have shown that ingestion of the two dietary proteins resulted in distinct effects on physiology, liver transcriptome and gut microbiota. However, its underlying mechanism is not fully understood, in particular for a crosstalk between gut microbiota and host under a specific diet intervention. We fed young rats with a casein or a chicken protein-based diet (CHPD) for 7 days, and characterized cecal microbiota composition and cecal gene expression. We found that a short-term intervention with a casein-based diet (CAD) induced a higher relative abundance of beneficial bacterium Lactococcus lactis as well as Bifidobacterium pseudolongum, which upregulated galactose metabolism of the microbiome compared with a CHPD. The CAD also upregulated gene expression involved in obesity associated pathways (e.g., Adipoq and Irs1) in cecal tissue of rats. These genes and the bacterial taxon were reported to play an important role in protecting development of obesity. Furthermore, the differentially represented bacterial taxon L. lactis was positively associated with these differentially expressed genes in the gut tissue. Our results provide a new insight into the crosstalk between gut microbiota and host in response to dietary proteins, indicating a potential mechanism of obesity prevention function by casein.

18.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 463, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Flesh color is one of the most important traits for the commercial value of peach fruit. To unravel the underlying regulatory network in Prunus mira, we performed an integrated analysis of the transcriptome and metabolome of 3 fruit types with various flesh pigmentations (milk-white, yellow and blood) at 3 developmental stages (pit-hardening, cell enlargement and fruit ripening). RESULTS: Transcriptome analysis showed that an intense transcriptional adjustment is required for the transition from the pit-hardening to the cell enlargement stage. In contrast, few genes were differentially expressed (DEGs) from the cell enlargement to the fruit ripening stage and importantly, the 3 fruits displayed diverse transcriptional activities, indicating that difference in fruit flesh pigmentations mainly occurred during the ripening stage. We further investigated the DEGs between pairs of fruit types during the ripening stage and identified 563 DEGs representing the 'core transcriptome' associated with major differentiations between the 3 fruit types, including flesh pigmentation. Meanwhile, we analyzed the metabolome, particularly, at the ripening stage and uncovered 40 differential metabolites ('core metabolome') between the 3 fruit types including 5 anthocyanins, which may be the key molecules associated with flesh coloration. Finally, we constructed the regulatory network depicting the interactions between anthocyanins and important transcripts involved in fruit flesh coloration. CONCLUSIONS: The major metabolites and transcripts involved in fruit flesh coloration in P. mira were unraveled in this study providing valuable information which will undoubtedly assist in breeding towards improved fruit quality in peach.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636680

RESUMO

HongJing I (HJI), a traditional Chinese herbal formula, has been confirmed to be effective for the clinical treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). However, the mechanism of action of HJI remains unclear. Here, we aimed to investigate the effect and underlying mechanisms of HJI against ED in a rat model of bilateral cavernous nerve injury (BCNI). Rats were divided into five groups: normal control (NC), BCNI-induced ED model (M), M + low-dose HJI (HL), M + medium-dose HJI (HM), and M + high-dose HJI (HH). All groups were treated with normal saline or the relevant drug for 28 consecutive days after inducing BCNI-ED. At the end of the treatment period, the intracavernous pressure (ICP) was recorded, and histological examination was conducted using Masson's trichrome staining. Immunofluorescence staining and western blotting were applied to detect the changes in fibrosis protein and Ras homolog A (RhoA), Rho-associated protein kinase 1 (ROCK1), and ROCK2 expression. We found that HJI effectively improved the ICP in the treatment groups. In addition, RhoA, ROCK1, and ROCK2 expression levels were increased upon BCNI-ED induction, and HJI successfully inhibited cavernosum fibrosis and the activation of RhoA/ROCK2 signaling. Overall, these results suggest that the effects of HJI in attenuating ED may be caused, at least in part, by the suppression of RhoA/ROCK2 signaling and alleviation of fibrosis. However, the precise mechanism surrounding this requires further investigation in future studies.

20.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(10): 1033-1037, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642440

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the expression levels of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor family receptor α-1 (GFRα1) and enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) in the intestinal tissue of children with Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR), as well as the role of EZH2 in the regulation of GFRα1 gene expression and the pathogenesis of HSCR. METHODS: The samples of colon tissue with spasm from 24 children with HSCR after radical treatment of HSCR were selected as the experimental group, and the samples of necrotized colon tissue from 18 children with neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis after surgical resection were selected as the control group. Real-time PCR and Western blot were used to measure the expression levels of GFRα1 and EZH2 in colon tissue in both groups. Human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were divided into an EZH2 over-expression group and a negative control group. The cells in the EZH2 over-expression group were transfected with pCMV6-EZH2 plasmid, and those in the negative control group were transfected with pCMV6 plasmid. The expression levels of EZH2 and GFRα1 were measured after transfection. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the experimental group had significant reductions in the mRNA and protein expression levels of GFRα1 and EZH2 in colon tissue (P<0.05), and the protein expression of EZH2 was positively correlated with that of GFRα1 (r=0.606, P=0.002). Compared with the negative control group, the EZH2 over-expression group had significant increases in the expression levels of EZH2 and GFRα1 after SH-SY5Y cells were transfected with EZH2 over-expression plasmid (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Low expression of EZH2 in the colon tissue of children with HSCR may be one of the causes of inadequate expression of GFRα1 and onset of HSCR.


Assuntos
Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/genética , Receptores de Fator Neurotrófico Derivado de Linhagem de Célula Glial/genética , Doença de Hirschsprung , Criança , Colo , Doença de Hirschsprung/genética , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , RNA Mensageiro
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