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1.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33646779

RESUMO

Nisin is commonly used as a biopreservative in foods. For industrial production, nisin-producing Lactococcus lactis strains are usually grown to high cell densities to achieve the highest possible nisin titer. However, accumulation of lactic acid eventually halts production, even in pH-controlled fermentations. Here, we describe a nisin-producing L. lactis strain Ge001, which was obtained after transferring the nisin gene cluster from L. lactis ATCC 11454, by conjugation, into the natural mutant L. lactis RD1M5, with low lactate dehydrogenase activity. The ability of Ge001 to produce nisin was tested using dairy waste as the fermentation substrate. To accommodate redox cofactor regeneration, respiration conditions were used, and to alleviate oxidative stress and to reduce adsorption of nisin onto the producing cells, we found it to be beneficial to add 1 mM Mn2+ and 100 mM Ca2+, respectively. A high titer of 12 084 IU/mL nisin could be reached, which is comparable to the highest titers reported using expensive, rich media. Summing up, we here present a 100% natural, robust, and sustainable approach for producing food-grade nisin and acetoin from readily available dairy waste.

2.
Endocr Connect ; 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617465

RESUMO

Exercise has been recommended as an important strategy to improve glucose metabolism in obesity. Adipose tissue fibrosis is associated with inflammation and is implicated in glucose metabolism disturbance and insulin resistance in obesity. However, the effect of exercise on the progression of adipose tissue fibrosis is still unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether exercise retarded the progression of adipose tissue fibrosis and ameliorated glucose homeostasis in diet-induced obese mice. To do so, obesity and adipose tissue fibrosis in mice were induced by high-fat diet feeding for 12 weeks and the mice subsequently received high-fat diet and exercise intervention for another 12 weeks. Exercise alleviated high-fat diet-induced glucose intolerance and insulin resistance. Continued high-fat diet feeding exacerbated collagen deposition and further increased fibrosis-related gene expression in adipose tissue. Exercise attenuated or reversed these changes. Additionally, PPARγ, which has been shown to inhibit adipose tissue fibrosis, was observed to be increased following exercise. Moreover, exercise decreased the expression of HIF-1α in adipose fibrosis, and adipose tissue inflammation was inhibited. In conclusion, our data indicate that exercise attenuates and even reverses the progression of adipose tissue fibrosis, providing a plausible mechanism for its beneficial effects on glucose metabolism in obesity.

3.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 45(1): 22-25, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33522171

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In the context of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the subject was designed to develop a new tracheal intubation device based on magnetic navigation technology to improve the success rate of tracheal intubation and reduce the risk of occupational exposure of medical staff. METHODS: The new tracheal intubation device was designed with the uniqueness of the magnetic field environment and magnetic steering of magnetic navigation technology. And preliminary magnetic navigation tracheal intubation experiments were performed on the tracheal intubation simulator. RESULTS: Magnetic navigation tracheal intubation can successfully implement tracheal intubation, and the time required is lower than that of traditional laryngoscopy. CONCLUSIONS: The tracheal intubation based on magnetic navigation technology is feasible, with high efficiency and easy operation. That is expected to be widely used for tracheal intubation during treatment of patients outside the hospital in the future. At the same time, magnetic navigation endotracheal intubation technology will be the key technology for the development of endotracheal intubation robots.


Assuntos
/terapia , Desenho de Equipamento , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Tecnologia
4.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-13, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have detected the association of polymorphisms in oxidative stress-related genes EPHX1 and MnSOD with pre-eclampsia (PE) risk, but the results are inconsistent among studies. Thus, a meta-analysis was performed to obtain more conclusive results. METHODS: Eligible studies were retrieved in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Scopus, and CNKI. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were utilized to evaluate the relationship between EPHX1 rs1051740, EPHX1 rs2234922, MnSOD rs4880 polymorphisms, and PE susceptibility in the genetic models. The subgroup analysis was also performed. RESULTS: Fourteen studies with a total of 4250 participants were included, including 1784 PE patients and 2466 healthy women. There was a statistically significant association between EPHX1 rs1051740 polymorphism and PE in Caucasians within the allele, dominant, heterozygous, and homozygous models (OR = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.64-0.98; OR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.47-0.87; OR = 0.61, 95% CI = 0.44-0.85; OR = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.42-0.97, respectively). There was a statistically significant association between EPHX1 rs2234922 polymorphism and PE in Middle Easterners within the recessive and homozygous models (OR = 3.59, 95% CI = 1.25-10.32; OR = 3.99, 95% CI = 1.38-11.49, respectively). There was no statistically significant association between MnSOD rs4880 polymorphism and PE within five genetic models. Subgroup analysis didn't reveal any association between MnSOD rs4880 polymorphism and PE in Asians, Caucasians, or Middle Easterners. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis shows a significant association between the EPHX1 rs1051740 and PE risk in Caucasians. Meantime, there was a statistically significant association between EPHX1 rs2234922 polymorphism and PE in Middle Easterners.

5.
Toxicol Mech Methods ; : 1-16, 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33467949

RESUMO

Smokeless tobacco products provide an alternative to cigarettes; however, smokeless tobacco is carcinogenic and harmful to human health. This study evaluated the toxicological effects of snus extracts and cigarette smoke total particulate matter (TPM) on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Treated cells were examined for cell viability, reactive oxygen species (ROS), apoptosis, and inflammatory cytokines. Moreover, we explored the mechanism of programmed cell death induced by snus. The results showed that snus extracts significantly inhibited cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. ROS was significantly increased in treatment groups, and anti-oxidant treatment could not prevent snus extract-induced cell death. Snus extracts induced apoptosis, DNA damage, activation and cleavage of caspase-3 and caspase-8, pathway-related gene change, and interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 release in HUVECs. Snus extracts exposure may induce cytotoxicity, ROS generation, inflammatory cytokines release, and apoptosis or DNA damage through intrinsic and extrinsic pathways in HUVECs.

6.
Pregnancy Hypertens ; 23: 87-90, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33296832

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Our aim was to assess epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness as a potential effective screening parameter to predict PE in the first trimester. METHODS: 133 women with PE were enrolled in this study, and divided into the early-onset and late-onset subgroups. 150 healthy women were enrolled as control group. Anthropometric and echocardiographic parameters were obtained, including EAT thickness. Generalized linear models was used to assess the predict efficiency of EAT with fdds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Compared to the controls, EAT thickness was higher in PE patients (P < 0.05). Multivariate regression analysis indicated that EAT thickness was associated with PE risk (OR = 1.50, 95%CI: 1.19-1.88, P < 0.05). The area under curves of EAT thickness was 0.616. When the cutoff value for EAT thickness was set to 5.26 mm, the sensitivity was 78.2% and the specificity was 44.7%. EAT thickness significantly both higher in the early-onset and late-onset groups compared to the controls; Meanwhile, EAT thickness was higher in the early-onset group than late-onset group (P < 0.05). Logistic regressionrevealed the close relationship between onset time of PE and EAT thickness (OR = 1.59, 95%CI: 1.28-1.98, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Measured EAT thickness using echocardiography could identify high-risk people for PE as early as the first trimester. Echocardiographic EAT has the potential to be a predictor for PE prior to actual clinical diagnosis.

7.
Lab Invest ; 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33268842

RESUMO

NLRP3 inflammasome activation, which can be triggered by reactive oxygen species (ROS), contributes to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) progression. Exercise is an effective therapeutic strategy for NASH. However, whether exercise prevents NLRP3 activation in NASH has not been investigated. Here, we investigated the effect of exercise on NLRP3 inflammasome in mice with high-fat diet (HFD)-induced or methionine and choine-deficient (MCD) diet-induced NASH and explored whether adropin, a metabolic peptide hormone shown to inhibit inflammation, mediates an exercise-induced benefit against NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Exercise alleviated diet-induced hepatic steatosis, inflammation, and fibrosis. Importantly, exercise significantly reduced the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome components, decreased Caspase-1 enzymatic activity, normalized IL-1ß production, and suppressed ROS overproduction in HFD-fed and MCD diet-fed mice. The exercise-elicited NLRP3 inflammasome inhibition was accompanied by increased adropin levels. Moreover, serum adropin levels were negatively correlated with serum IL-1ß levels. We further explored the effect of adropin on the NLRP3 inflammasome in palmitic acid (PA)-treated hepatocytes and Kupffer cells. Although adropin treatment did not significantly decrease the levels of all inflammasome components, it reduced the active Caspase-1 level, decreased Caspase-1 activity and downregulated IL-1ß expression in hepatocytes and Kupffer cells (KCs) treated with PA. Moreover, ROS levels in PA-stimulated hepatocytes and Kupffer cells were reduced upon adropin treatment. In summary, we demonstrated that the inhibitory effect of exercise on NLRP3 inflammasome activation was associated with adropin induction, resulting in NASH improvement.

8.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(24)2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33302513

RESUMO

An improved Near-Field Computer Vision (NFCV) system for intelligent fire robot was proposed that was based on our previous works in this paper, whose aims are to realize falling position prediction of jet trajectory in fire extinguishing. Firstly, previous studies respecting the NFCV system were briefly reviewed and several issues during application testing were analyzed and summarized. The improved work mainly focuses on the segmentation and discrimination of jet trajectory adapted to complex lighting environment and interference scenes. It mainly includes parameters adjustment on the variance threshold and background update rate of the mixed Gaussian background method, jet trajectory discrimination based on length and area proportion parameters, parameterization, and feature extraction of jet trajectory based on superimposed radial centroid method. When compared with previous works, the proposed method reduces the average error of prediction results from 1.36 m to 0.1 m, and the error variance from 1.58 m to 0.13 m. The experimental results suggest that every part plays an important role in improving the functionality and reliability of the NFCV system, especially the background subtraction and radial centroid methods. In general, the improved NFCV system for jet trajectory falling position prediction has great potential for intelligent fire extinguishing by fire-fighting robots.

9.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(6): 622-627, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377337

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The microRNA (miRNA) prognostic model can predict the prognosis of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) on the basis of bioinformatics. Moreover, it can accurately group OSCC patients to improve targeted treatment. METHODS: We downloaded the miRNA and mRNA expression profile and clinical data of OSCC from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). The risk score model of miRNA was screened and established by univariate and multivariate Cox regression models. The performance of this prognostic model was tested by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and area under the curve (AUC). The target genes of six miRNAs were predicted and intersected with differential mRNA for enrichment analysis by Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) signaling pathway and gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis. A protein protein interaction network (PPI) was constructed to screen hub genes. RESULTS: By using univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses, the prognostic risk model was obtained. The AUC of the ROC curve for predicting 5-year survival in the training group, test group, and whole cohort were 0.757, 0.673, and 0.724, respectively. Furthermore, univariate Cox regression and multivariate Cox regression considering other clinical factors showed that the six-miRNAs signature could serve as an independent prognostic factor (P<0.001). The top 10 hub genes in the PPI network screened by intersecting target genes include CCNB1, EGF, KIF23, MCM10, ITGAV, MELK, PLK4, ADCY2, CENPF, and TRIP13. EGF and ADCY2 were associated with survival prognosis (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The six-miRNAs signature could efficiently function as a novel and independent prognostic model for OSCC patients, which may be a new method to guide the accurate targeting treatment of OSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Bucais , ATPases Associadas a Diversas Atividades Celulares , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Biologia Computacional , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Prognóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
10.
J Obstet Gynaecol ; : 1-7, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228420

RESUMO

Maternal diabetes may lead to long-term risks for the offspring. The study aims at identifying the potential crucial genes and pathways associated with foetal metabolism and malformation of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Gene Expression Series 49524 and 87295 were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus database, including eight from GDM and eight from non-GDM. A total of 35 differentially expressed genes were identified. Gene ontology functional annotation and signalling pathway analyses were performed. Four hub genes were identified by protein-protein interaction network: SHH, E2F1, STAT1, and HOXA9. The four hub genes were assessed by western blot and real-time quantitative PCR in clinical samples. The results of this data mining and integration help to reveal the pathophysiologic and molecular mechanism imprinted in primary umbilical cord-derived cells from GDM offspring. These genes and pathways identified are potential stratification biomarkers and provide further insight for developing therapeutic intervention for the offspring of diabetic mothers. Impact statement What is already known on this subject? Maternal diabetes may lead to long-term risks for the offspring. A high glucose environment might change the umbilical cord expression of genes implicated in foetal metabolism and development. However, underlying molecular mechanisms have not been investigated thoroughly. What do the results of this study add? GO functional annotation showed that the biological functions of differentially expressed genes mainly involved in metanephros development, salivary gland morphogenesis, fat cell differentiation, vasculogenesis, muscle cell proliferation, heart morphogenesis and Wnt signalling pathway. Signalling pathway analyses found that these differentially expressed genes mainly implicated in the apoptosis, cell cycle, Hedgehog, P53, and NOTCH signalling pathway. Four hub genes were identified by protein-protein interaction network: SHH, E2F1, STAT1 and HOXA9. What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? The genes and pathways identified in the present study are potential stratification biomarkers and provide further insight for developing therapeutic intervention for the offspring of diabetic mothers.

11.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; : 1-5, 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32772885

RESUMO

AIM: Previous studies have yielded controversial results about the link between tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) gene polymorphisms (rs1800629, rs361525, and rs1799724) and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Thus, a meta-analysis was performed to obtain a more conclusive result. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible studies were retrieved in PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang databases on February 18 2020. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were utilized to evaluate the relationship between TNF-α polymorphisms and GDM susceptibility in five genetic models. The subgroup stratified analysis and trial sequential analysis (TSA) were both performed. RESULTS: In total, 15 studies on TNF-α polymorphism including 1289 GDM patients and 1445 healthy women were identified. For rs1800629, significant associations were found in Asian subgroup in five genetic models (for example: allele model, p = .001, OR = 2.20, 95% CI = 1.38-3.52). The existing samples were adequate revealed by TSA, which reached a shred of solid evidence. No association was observed between TNF-α rs361525 and rs1799724 polymorphisms with the GDM risk within all genetic models (p > .05). CONCLUSIONS: For Asian populations, TNF-α rs1800629 is a risk factor for GDM. There was no association between two TNF-α polymorphisms (rs361525 and rs1799724) and GDM under all genetic models. More multi-ethnic and larger sample size studies are needed to confirm these null associations.

12.
Clin Sci (Lond) ; 134(16): 2161-2175, 2020 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794577

RESUMO

Diabetes-associated cognitive impairment (DACI) can increase the risk of major cardiovascular events and death. Neuronal functionality is highly dependent on mitochondria and emerging evidence has shown that mitochondrial transplantation is a potential and effective strategy that can reduce brain injury and associated disorders. Platelets are abundant in blood and can be considered a readily available source of small-size mitochondria. These cells can be easily acquired from the peripheral blood with minimal invasion via simple venipuncture. The present study aimed to investigate whether transplantation of platelet-derived mitochondria (Mito-Plt) could improve DACI. Cognitive behaviors were assessed using the Morris water maze test in db/db mice. The results demonstrated that Mito-Plt was internalized into hippocampal neurons 24 h following intracerebroventricular injection. Importantly, one month following Mito-Plt transplantation, DACI was alleviated in db/db mice and the effect was accompanied with increased mitochondrial number, restored mitochondrial function, attenuated oxidative stress and neuronal apoptosis, as well as decreased accumulation of Aß and Tau in the hippocampus. Taken together, the data demonstrated that transplantation of Mito-Plt attenuated cognitive impairment and mitochondrial dysfunction in db/db mice. This method may be a potential therapeutic application for the treatment of DACI.

13.
Microb Pathog ; 147: 104385, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32659314

RESUMO

In order to investigate enterobacteria presence involved in the secondary infections in Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) pigs with different viral co-infections, we identified enterobacteria for guiding clinical treatment. Twenty-one diseased pigs were diagnosed with the PRRS virus (PRRSV) and other 7 virus primers by PCR/RT-PCR in the lung and spleen samples. Enterobacteria were isolated using MacConkey agar from 5 visceral samples of PRRS pigs, and identified by 16S rDNA sequencing. PRRSV was positive in 100% of the lung samples and 81.0% of the spleen samples. Seven diseased pigs were diagnosed with only PRRSV infection (33.3%), 7 pigs with PRRSV and 1 or 2 other viruses (33.3%) and 7 pigs with PRRSV and more than 2 types of other viruses (33.3%). PRRSV was more inclined to co-infect pigs with porcine group A rotavirus (PARV) with the co-infection rate of 52.4% (11/21). Approximately 13 types of bacteria were successfully isolated from lung, spleen, liver, kidney and lymph node samples of different PRRS pigs. Enterobacteria were isolated in 100% of lung, liver and lymph samples from pigs infected with PRRSV alone. However, the isolation rates were significantly decreased in the more than 3 viruses co-infection group. Escherichia coli was the most prevalent bacterium, followed by Morganella, Proteus, Shigella, Salmonella, Klebsiella and Aeromonas. Most of the isolated enterobacteria were opportunistic pathogens. Therefore, timely combination with antimicrobial agents is necessary for effective treatment of PRRS-infected pigs.

14.
Biosci Rep ; 40(7)2020 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32662505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is well known that insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA-binding protein 2 (IGF2BP2) rs4402960 polymorphism is associated with Type 2 diabetes mellitus, which has a shared genetic background with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Previous studies have yielded controversial results about the link between IGF2BP2 rs4402960 polymorphism and GDM risk. Thus, a meta-analysis was performed to obtain more conclusive results. METHODS: Clinical and genotype data were determined for 305 GDM and 1216 healthy participants recruited. Eligible studies were retrieved in PubMed, Web of science, EMBASE, and Scopus. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were utilized to evaluate the relationship between IGF2BP2 polymorphisms and GDM susceptibility in five genetic models. The subgroup stratified analysis and trial sequential analysis (TSA) were performed. RESULTS: In this case-control study, no significant association was revealed between IGF2BP2 polymorphism and GDM (P>0.05). When combined with the previous studies in the meta-analysis, there was no statistical association between IGF2BP2 polymorphism and GDM (allele model: OR = 1.01, 95% CI = 0.86-1.18; dominant model: OR = 1.00, 95% CI = 0.81-1.24; recessive model: OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 0.91-1.29; heterozygous model: OR = 0.99, 95% CI = 0.80-1.24; homozygous model: OR = 1.06, 95% CI = 0.78-1.42). No association was observed in five genetic models in each subgroup. TSA indicated sufficient proof of such null association in the overall population. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis provides sufficient statistical evidence indicating null association between IGF2BP2 rs4402960 polymorphism and GDM risk.

15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 9280372, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32626772

RESUMO

UL16-binding protein 1(ULBP1) has been reported to inhibit trophoblast invasion through the modification of secretion functions of uNK cells in the previous study, but its mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the related mechanism by which upregulated ULBP1 expression impaired trophoblast invasion. We found that conditioned media with ULBP1 increased autophagy in HTR-8/SVneo, and anti-TNF-α-neutralizing antibody rescued the autophagy caused by the conditioned medium. We further found TNF-α induced autophagy in trophoblast cells in a dose-dependent way and accompanied by a decreased activity of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB). Inhibition of NF-κB activation by chemical inhibitor augmented these autophagic responses to TNF-α in the cells. In addition, interruption NF-κB caused a significant decrease in HTR-8/SVneo invasion and enhanced the inhibition effect of TNF-α on HTR-8/SVneo invasion. Taken together, these findings suggest that TNF-α is able to regulate autophagic activity via suppressing NF-κB, which might be the mechanism related to ULBP1 in preeclampsia pathogenesis.

16.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e921997, 2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Pre-eclampsia (PE) can be divided into 2 sub-groups: early-onset and late-onset PE. Although these sub-groups show overlapping molecular and cellular mechanisms and similar clinical manifestations, they are regarded as 2 different phenotypes with heterogeneous manifestations. The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying early-onset and late-onset PE still remain unclear. Therefore, the present study aimed to identify the key genes and pathways related to early-onset and late-onset PE, and to investigate the molecular mechanisms that are involved in gene regulation. MATERIAL AND METHODS Our analysis involved the Gene Expression Series (GSE) 74341 and GSE22526 from the National Center of Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Gene Expression Omnibus Database. These 2 microarray datasets included 15 patients with early-onset PE and 15 patients with late-onset PE. RESULTS Our analyses identified 15 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), including CGA, EGR1, HBB, HBA2, LEP, and LHB. Gene Ontology (GO) functional annotation showed that the biological functions of these DEGs were mainly associated with steroid biosynthetic, oxidative stress, angiogenesis, and sex differentiation. Signaling pathway analyses showed that these DEGs were mainly involved in the prolactin signaling pathway, hormone metabolism, the AMPK signaling pathway, and the FoxO signaling pathway. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis identified 4 genes with the highest degree of interaction. The hub genes for this selection of DEGS were EGR1, LEP, and HBB. CONCLUSIONS Integrated bioinformatic analyses provide us with a new approach to further understand the pathophysiology and molecular mechanisms underlying early-onset and late-onset PE. The DEGs identified in this study represent potential biomarkers for the early diagnosis of PE and may provide significant options the treatment of these 2 subtypes of PE.

17.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 128: 110293, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534305

RESUMO

Dysregulation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) has been known to be relevant to the progression of human cancers, including neuroblastoma (NB). Small nucleolar RNA host gene 7 (SNHG7) has been identified as an oncogene in a series of human cancers. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the function and underlying mechanism of SNHG7 in NB progression. qRT-PCR was used to determine the levels of SNHG7, cyclin D1 (CCND1), miR-323a-5p and miR-342-5p. Cell migration and invasion abilities were detected by transwell assays. Glucose consumption and lactate production were assessed using the corresponding assay kits. The targeted interaction between SNHG7 and miR-323a-5p or miR-342-5p was verified by dual-luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assays. Xenograft tumor assays were performed to observe the effect of SNHG7 silencing on tumor growth in vivo. We found that SNHG7 was upregulated in NB tissues and cell lines, and high SNHG7 level was relevant to poor prognosis of NB patients. SNHG7 silencing resulted in the repression of NB cell migration, invasion and glycolysis. SNHG7 directly targeted miR-323a-5p and miR-342-5p and negatively modulated their expression in NB cells. The overexpression of miR-323a-5p or miR-342-5p weakened NB cell migration, invasion and glycolysis. Moreover, miR-323a-5p or miR-342-5p mediated the suppressive effect of SNHG7 silencing on NB cell progression. CCND1 was a direct target of miR-323a-5p and miR-342-5p. Additionally, SNHG7 knockdown repressed tumor growth in vivo. In conclusion, our study suggested that SNHG7 silencing hindered NB progression at least partly though sponging miR-323a-5p and miR-342-5p, illuminating its potential value as a therapeutic target.

18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(25): 28720-28726, 2020 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470284

RESUMO

Porous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have demonstrated a great potential in proton conduction and luminescence sensing due to functionalized nodes, ligands and channels, or pores. Herein, we prepared a hydrothermally stable Eu-MOF that also resisted acid and base using a bifunctional organic ligand containing carboxylic acid groups, which are easily coordinated to Eu ions, and Eu-phobic tetrazolyl groups as potential proton-hopping sites. The hydrogen bond network, which was constructed by the uncoordinated anionic tetrazolium and the coordinated and free water molecules, endowed this Eu-MOF with the highest proton conductivity of 4.45 × 10-2 S/cm at 373 K and 93% relative humidity. The proton conductivity of the Nafion membrane containing this Eu-MOF increased 1.74 times. More interestingly, the hybrid membrane displayed luminescence pH sensing because the changeable protonation levels of uncoordinated tetrazolium groups along with the pH tuned the emission of embedded Eu-MOFs. Such a dual-functional MOF-based hybrid membrane including proton conduction and pH sensing is reported for the first time, which could open an avenue to the more practical application for functional MOFs.

19.
Front Vet Sci ; 7: 172, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32391385

RESUMO

Chickens contaminated with Campylobacter are a major risk factor for human Campylobacter disease. As a result of the slaughter process, infections should be strictly controlled due to complete exposure of the chickens and the cross-contamination of pathogens. Using @RISK software, quantitative evaluation models of Campylobacter contamination during slaughtering in a large broiler slaughterhouse were constructed. Broiler scalding was set as the starting point of evaluation and four major processes including defeathering, eviscerating, pre-cool rinsing, and splitting-transmission were included. Through the simulation of the constructed model, 90% probability of Campylobacter in 100 g chickens after slaughtering were distributed between 0.3 and 50.2 MPN, which was consistent with simulated actual monitoring data 0-16.6 MPN, indicating that the model shows high credibility. In addition, growth curves of Campylobacter during whole slaughtering showed that contamination significantly increased after defeathering, and increased again after pre-cool rinsing. Using correlation coefficients to analyze the sensitivity of each parameter in the model, it was determined that the concentration of Campylobacter in the pre-cool pond water (correlation coefficient: 0.95) was the most critical risk point of sanitary control in this slaughterhouse. In conclusion, this study is the first to incorporate environmental factors during broiler slaughtering into the risk evaluation of Campylobacter contamination, which provides guidance for the sanitary control and risk management of Campylobacter contamination during broiler slaughtering.

20.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 184, 2020 04 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most common metabolic disorder that can occur during pregnancy and is associated with a long-term risk of both maternal and neonatal comorbidities. This study aimed to investigate the association between echocardiographic epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and the risk for GDM during the early second trimester of pregnancy. METHOD: We recruited all singleton pregnancies between January 2014 and December 2018 at 16 weeks + 0 days to 19 weeks + 6 days. We then used generalized linear models to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for EAT as a potential predictor for GDM. Receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) analysis was then conducted to investigate the discriminative capacity of any individual maternal factor for the prediction of GDM. RESULTS: In total, our study involved 314 pregnant women with GDM and 1832 pregnant women without GDM. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that EAT thickness (OR = 2.87; 95% CI: 2.49-3.31) was significantly associated with the presence of GDM (P < 0.001). Furthermore, EAT thickness was also significantly associated with a range of adverse outcomes in the GDM group, including large size for gestational age, neonatal hypoglycemia, admission to the neonatal intensive care unit, preterm delivery, and hyperbilirubinemia (P < 0.001). ROC analysis revealed that the area under the curve was 0.790 (95% CI: 0.768-0.812). When the cutoff value for EAT thickness was set to 5.49 mm, the sensitivity was 95.2% and the specificity was 50.5%. CONCLUSIONS: Echocardiographic EAT thickness is positively and significantly associated with both the risk of GDM and adverse outcomes related to GDM. Echocardiographic EAT has the potential to predict GDM prior to actual clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/diagnóstico por imagem , Adiposidade , Diabetes Gestacional/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Pericárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Tecido Adiposo/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Gestacional/etiologia , Diabetes Gestacional/fisiopatologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Pericárdio/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
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