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1.
World J Surg Oncol ; 18(1): 232, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant therapy can shrink tumors, increase anus preservation rate, and protect anal function. Radical surgery need cut off the diseased bowel, clean up the lymph nodes, and then restore bowel function. It could bring traumatic effect and poor postoperative quality of life to the patient. Local resection requires removal of the diseased bowel with circular negative margin. The surgical trauma is small, and the postoperative quality of life is good. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety between wait and see strategy (WS), radical surgery (RS), and local excision (LE) of rectal cancer patients with clinical complete response (cCR) response after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), and Wanfang databases to compare wait and see strategy with radical surgery and local excision for rectal cancer with cCR response after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy up to March 2020. We collected the data of local recurrence, distant metastasis, cancer-related death, overall survival, and disease-free survival and used RevMan 5.0 to carry out the meta-analysis. Continuous data were evaluated by the standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs), and dichotomous data were evaluated by relative risks (ORs or RRs) with 95% CIs. We aimed to compare the advantages and disadvantages of the three groups. RESULTS: Eleven English studies with 1131 patients were included. There were 412 patients in WS group, 678 patients in RS group, and 41 patients in LE group. WS group had a higher local recurrence rate than RS group (OR 7.32, 95% CI 3.58 to 14.95, P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the other data between the three groups. CONCLUSION: Compared with the RS group, the WS group had an increased risk of local recurrence. However, the WS group had a similar DFS and OS compared with the RS group and the local excision group. Hence, we speculated that the WS group would have similar results as the surgery group for patients with cCR status.

2.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We previously reported that perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion (PABT) did not affect long-term survival after radical resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to investigate the effects of PABT on the prognosis of HCC patients with different stage tumors. METHODS: Patients with primary HCC who underwent curative liver resection between 2003 and 2012 were retrospectively enrolled and divided into the early-stage (stage I) and non-early-stage (stages II, III and IV) groups. The impacts of PABT on the long-term prognosis of patients in different groups after resection were investigated using propensity score matching (PSM) and multivariable Cox regression analyses. RESULTS: We enrolled 426 HCC patients, including 53 matched pairs of patients with early-stage tumors and 51 matched pairs of patients with non-early-stage tumors. Survival analyses of the patients with early-stage tumors showed that the recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) rates of the transfusion group were significantly worse than those of the nontransfusion group both before and after PSM. Multivariable Cox analyses identified that PABT was an independent predictor of RFS and OS of the patients with early-stage tumors. However, survival analyses of the propensity-matched patients with non-early-stage tumors showed no significant differences in RFS and OS rates between the transfusion and nontransfusion groups (p = 0.296; p = 0.472). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that PABT has negative impacts on the long-term prognosis of patients with early-stage tumors after radical resection of HCC but has no impact on the long-term prognosis of patients with non-early-stage tumors.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32986396

RESUMO

Magnesium-ion batteries (MIBs) have received increasing attention for next-generation energy storage recently because of the natural abundance, high capacity, and dendrite-free deposition of Mg. However, their applications are hindered by irreversible Mg anode plating in conventional electrolytes and the lack of cathode materials, demonstrating high working voltage, satisfactory Mg2+ diffusivity, and long cycling life. In this work, we first developed a novel magnesium-ion based dual-ion battery (Mg-DIB) by utilizing expanded graphite as the cathode and Ti-doped niobium pentoxide nanoflakes (Ti-Nb2O5 NFs) as the anode. The Ti-Nb2O5 NFs showed hierarchical structures of microspheres with diameters of 4-5 µm assembled by nanoflakes. For the first time, the Mg-ion storage mechanism in Ti-Nb2O5 NFs was investigated. Benefiting from the hierarchical structure design and pseudocapacitive intercalation behavior of Mg ions, the Ti-Nb2O5 NF anode exhibited fast Mg-ion diffusion. Consequently, the Mg-DIB exhibited a high discharge capacity of 93 mA h g-1 at 1 C (1 C corresponding to 100 mA g-1), along with good long-term cycling performance with a capacity retention of 79% at 3 C after 500 cycles. The Mg-DIB also demonstrated a capacity retention of 77% at 5C, indicating its good rate performance. Moreover, the Mg-DIB exhibited a high discharge medium voltage of ∼1.83 V, thus enabling a high energy density of 174 W h kg-1 at 183 W kg-1 and 122 W h kg-1 at a high power density of 845 W kg-1, among the best of the reported magnesium-ion full batteries. Our work provides a new strategy to improve the performance of MIBs and other rechargeable batteries.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32805879

RESUMO

Exploring the adsorption and selective removal mechanism of target pollutants on the catalytic interface is an important research topic in the field of environmental sewage treatment. However, the molecular recognition based on the surface of single crystals is still unclear. Single crystal molecularly imprinted TiO2 (001-MI-TiO2) with a highly exposed {001} plane was prepared by a hydrothermal method to characteristically adsorb and degrade phenol. The kinetics of phenol oxidation on 001-MI-TiO2 was 12.93 times that of polycrystal nonimprinted TiO2. The phenol adsorption quantity of 001-MI-TiO2 was 1.68 times that of the polycrystal molecularly imprinted TiO2 (MI-TiO2). Compared with MI-TiO2, the significantly increased removal of phenol on 001-MI-TiO2 mainly attributed to the enhanced adsorption quantity and better photocatalytic performance. The recognition mechanism of phenol on the 001-MI-TiO2 during the adsorption process was studied using attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), which indicated enhanced adsorption of phenol when compared with MI-TiO2. The recognition between the phenol molecule and the imprinted sites mainly relied on the hydrogen bond between the π bond of the benzene ring and the hydroxyl group on the surface of TiO2. Besides, the interferent ATR-FTIR results showed that the single crystal surface can significantly reduce noncharacteristic adsorption, indicating good selectivity for the targets. In addition, the degradation intermediates during the photocatalytic process were further analyzed by in situ infrared technology.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(38): 42790-42802, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32857501

RESUMO

Heterogeneous catalysis can be enhanced through the construction of effective atom connection for rapid electron transport on the catalyst surface. Hence, this study proposed a new strategy for electron transfer regulation to facilitate redox cycle of Cu(II)/Cu(I). The objective was achieved by successful construction of copper-containing covalent bond through the in situ growth of porous g-C3N4 with oxygen dopants and nitrogen defects (O-CND) on CuAlxOy substrate (CuAl@O-CND). On the basis of X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) and other characterization results, the facilitated redox behavior of copper species by electron transfer regulation was ascribed to the formation of a C-O-Cu bond on the porous-rich superficial of the catalyst; these covalent C-O-Cu bonds shortened the migration distance of electrons between Cu(II) and Cu(I) via Cu(I)-O-C-O-Cu(II) bridge. The construction of copper-containing covalent bonds in the catalyst resulted in efficient PMS activation for a rapid redox cycle of Cu(II)/Cu(I), triggering a series of reactions involving the continuous production of three highly active species (SO4·-, ·OH and 1O2). The rapid diffusion and transportation of the generated active species from porous structures directly attack typical pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs), achieving superior catalytic performance. This study provides a new routine to construct a C-O-Cu bond for PMS activation by regulating the electron transfer to accelerate the redox behavior of copper species for environmental remediation.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 741: 140433, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32610240

RESUMO

Ammonia (NH3) volatilization is a major pathway of nitrogen (N) losses from paddy fields, and could be potentially mitigated by cultivation of high nitrogen use efficiency (high-NUE) rice cultivars. However, the relationship between NUE and NH3 volatilization has not been validated under field conditions. A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the impact of four rice cultivars with different NUE [Wuyunjing 23 (W23), Zhendao 11 (Z11), Wuyujing 3 (W3), and Aoyusi 386 (A386)] on NH3 volatilization, as well as the related mechanisms. Two high-NUE rice cultivars W23 and Z11 was not more effective in reducing total NH3 volatilization from the paddy field compared to cultivar A386 with the lowest NUE. Cultivar A386 had 12.7-17.8% and 35.7-54.1% lower NH3 volatilization than other three rice cultivars at tillering fertilization stage (TFS) and panicle fertilization stage (PFS), respectively, mainly due to its greater shoot N accumulation, root biomass and volume at TFS and its greater shoot biomass, leaf area index and shoot N accumulation at PFS. There was no significant difference in NH3 volatilization among W23, Z11 and W3 at TFS. However, premature senescence phenomenon at later growth stages of A386 eventually led to its lowest NUE among the four rice cultivars. Our results suggest that NUE of rice does not link to NH3 volatilization from paddy fields. In order to make high-NUE rice cultivars also effective in mitigating NH3 volatilization, future breeding works should aim to improve N uptake capability and canopy structure at early tillering and panicle development stages while prevent premature senescence of rice plants to maintain high yields.


Assuntos
Amônia/análise , Oryza , Fertilizantes/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Solo , Volatilização
7.
Food Chem ; 330: 127325, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569939

RESUMO

In order to develop natural, food-grade particles as emulsifiers, wet-milled has been conducted to obtain apple pomace particles in varying sizes. Structural characteristics, physicochemical properties and Pickering emulsifying potential of the particle in different sizes were investigated. Particle size of apple pomace was gradually reduced from 12.9 µm to 550 nm during 8 h milling. With the decrease of particles size, the morphology became less angular. Meanwhile, some insoluble dietary fibers transformed into soluble ones, and the wettability tended to be hydrophilic, therefore, the water and oil holding capacities and free-radical-scavenging capacities increased. The properties of Pickering emulsions stabilized by wet-milled apple pomace particles in different sizes were then investigated. The decrease of particle size resulted in the size reduction of emulsion droplets, and gave rise to enhance gel-like properties and antioxidative activities of emulsions. The results demonstrated promising prospect of wet-milled apple pomace particles as emulsifiers in food industry.


Assuntos
Emulsificantes/química , Emulsões/química , Malus/química , Fibras na Dieta , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Tamanho da Partícula , Água/química , Molhabilidade
8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 159: 213-221, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416291

RESUMO

Various biodegradable or edible films were designed to deal with the environmental threats from plastic films. To overcome the defects of pectin film, the feasibility for the incorporation of CH/PE fiber was explored. Micron-scale novel artificial CH/PE fibers in needle, spindle or whisker shape with a diameter around 25 µm were fabricated via a shearing regime in virtue of electrostatic complexing. The incorporation of CH/PE fiber (mixture) and its size-fractioned portions (small and large) substantially changed PE films in diverse ways. Structurally, the fiber-incorporated films were heterogeneous with the fibers concentrated in the upper layer, although they presented similar FT-IR spectra and XRD pattern to PE film. Regarding the film performance, the incorporation of CH/PE fibers, especially the small portion, rendered the PE film with higher values in water-proof ability, thermal stability, break resistibility, stretchability and UV blocking capacity. More importantly, this work provided an innovative strategy to improve the performance of edible films.

9.
Mov Disord ; 35(8): 1428-1437, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia is a spectrum of involuntary dyskinetic disorders with high clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Mutations in proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 have been identified as the major pathogenic factor. OBJECTIVES: We analyzed 600 paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia patients nationwide who were identified by the China Paroxysmal Dyskinesia Collaborative Group to summarize the clinical phenotypes and genetic features of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia in China and to provide new thoughts on diagnosis and therapy. METHODS: The China Paroxysmal Dyskinesia Collaborative Group was composed of departments of neurology from 22 hospitals. Clinical manifestations and proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 screening results were recorded using unified paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia registration forms. Genotype-phenotype correlation analyses were conducted in patients with and without proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 mutations. High-knee exercises were applied in partial patients as a new diagnostic test to induce attacks. RESULTS: Kinesigenic triggers, male predilection, dystonic attacks, aura, complicated forms of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia, clustering in patients with family history, and dramatic responses to antiepileptic treatment were the prominent features in this multicenter study. Clinical analysis showed that proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 mutation carriers were prone to present at a younger age and have longer attack duration, bilateral limb involvement, choreic attacks, a complicated form of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia, family history, and more forms of dyskinesia. The new high-knee-exercise test efficiently induced attacks and could assist in diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: We propose recommendations regarding diagnostic criteria for paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia based on this large clinical study of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia. The findings offered some new insights into the diagnosis and treatment of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia and might help in building standardized paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia clinical evaluations and therapies. © 2020 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

10.
Carbohydr Polym ; 237: 116115, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241455

RESUMO

Environmental temperature and pH induced significant changes in the size and surface charge (ζ) of octenylsuccinated oat ß-glucan aggregates. The underlying mechanisms were explored by using 1H-NMR, fluorescence spectra, thermodynamic analysis, and SAXS. At pH 6.5, the size decreased with temperature while ζ continuously increased. With increasing pH at 293 K, parabolic and U-shaped trends were observed in the size and ζ, peaking at pH 8.5 and 6.5, respectively. At any tested pH, the size decreased with temperature. Overall, ζ significantly increased with temperature at each pH. As temperature increased, the compactness of hydrophobic-domains increased while the compactness of hydrophilic-domains decreased. In an acidic environment, both the compactness increased with decreasing pH, but in an alkaline environment, they decreased with pH. The compactness changes were co-driven by enthalpy and entropy and corresponded to changes in the hydrophobic interactions in hydrophobic-domains, hydrogen bonds in hydrophilic-domains and electrostatic repulsions among octenylsuccinate molecules.

11.
Food Res Int ; 132: 109067, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32331688

RESUMO

Chlorine dioxide (ClO2) is an effective disinfectant used in the sanitization of fresh produce. Glucono delta-lactone (GDL), widely used as an acidifier during food processing, can be partially hydrolyzed to become a weak acid-gluconic acid under chemical equilibrium upon dissolution in water. This study focused on the development of a novel polylactic acid (PLA) film which incorporated with sodium chlorite (NaClO2) and GDL for ClO2(g) generation. The effects of PLA amount, NaClO2 + GDL/PLA ratio, NaClO2/GDL ratio, temperature and relative humidity on the release profiles of ClO2(g) were elucidated. The storage test indicated that film efficacy was well maintained after 4 weeks of storage under ambient conditions. The microbial inactivation results revealed that ClO2(g) generated from the films reduced populations of surface-inoculated Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157:H7 from ca. 5 log CFU/tomato to undetectable level (<1 log CFU/tomato) within 2 and 4 h respectively and the complete elimination in populations of both bacterial species was maintained throughout the 14-day storage period at both 10 and 22 °C. The sensory properties of treated tomatoes were evaluated and exhibited no significant difference (p > 0.05) compared to controls except for appearance on day 14 under 22 °C storage.

12.
Blood ; 135(23): 2085-2093, 2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187355

RESUMO

Thromboembolism complicates disorders caused by immunoglobulin G (IgG)-containing immune complexes (ICs), but the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. Prior evidence indicates that induction of tissue factor (TF) on monocytes, a pivotal step in the initiation, localization, and propagation of coagulation by ICs, is mediated through Fcγ receptor IIa (FcγRIIa); however, the involvement of other receptors has not been investigated in detail. The neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) that mediates IgG and albumin recycling also participates in cellular responses to IgG-containing ICs. Here we asked whether FcRn is also involved in the induction of TF-dependent factor Xa (FXa) activity by IgG-containing ICs by THP-1 monocytic cells and human monocytes. Induction of FXa activity by ICs containing IgG antibodies to platelet factor 4 (PF4) involved in heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), ß-2-glycoprotein-1 implicated in antiphospholipid syndrome, or red blood cells coated with anti-(α)-Rh(D) antibodies that mediate hemolysis in vivo was inhibited by a humanized monoclonal antibody (mAb) that blocks IgG binding to human FcRn. IgG-containing ICs that bind to FcγR and FcRn induced FXa activity, whereas IgG-containing ICs with an Fc engineered to be unable to engage FcRn did not. Infusion of an α-FcRn mAb prevented fibrin deposition after microvascular injury in a murine model of HIT in which human FcγRIIa was expressed as a transgene. These data implicate FcRn in TF-dependent FXa activity induced by soluble and cell-associated IgG-containing ICs. Antibodies to FcRn, now in clinical trials in warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia to lower IgG antibodies and IgG containing ICs may also reduce the risk of venous thromboembolism.

13.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 26(8): 837-841, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196977

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Essential tremor (ET) is one of the most prevalent movement disorders. The genetic etiology of ET has not been well defined although a significant proportion (≥50%) are familial cases. Linkage analysis and genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified several risk variants. In recent years, whole-exome sequencing of ET has revealed several specific causal variants in FUS (p.Q290X), HTRA2 (p.G399S), and TENM4 (c.4324 G>A, c.4100C>A, and c.3412G>A) genes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the genetic contribution of these three genes to ET, the protein-coding sequences of FUS, HTRA2, and TENM4 were analyzed in a total of 238 ET patients and 272 controls from eastern China using direct Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: We identified two synonymous coding single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs741810 and rs1052352 in FUS, and three previously reported synonymous SNPs, rs11237621, rs689369, and rs2277277 in TENM4. No nonsynonymous exonic variants were identified in these subjects. We found that the frequency of the rs1052352C allele was significantly higher (P = .001) in the ET group than in the control group. CONCLUSION: Overall, our findings suggest that rs1052352 of FUS might contribute to ET risk in Chinese population.

14.
Drug Deliv ; 27(1): 323-333, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32090639

RESUMO

Although microRNAs (miRNAs)-based cancer therapy strategies have been proved to be efficient and superior to chemotherapeutic agents in certain extent, the unstable properties of miRNAs significantly impaired the wide application. Therefore, how to safely deliver the miRNAs to the targeted site of action is the most pivotal step to achieve the ideal treatment effect. In the present work, the miR-128-3p, which is able of inducing chromosomal instability, was loaded into the nanocomplexes developed by the PEG-PDMAEMA (PDMAEMA-NP). By this way, the miR-128-3p was shielded from exposure to various degrading enzymes in bloodstream. Additionally, the PEGylation endowed the PDMAEMA-NP with long time of circulation as demonstrated in vivo by pharmacokinetics investigation. To target and deliver the miR-128-3p to the site of action, a tumor-homing peptide CPKSNNGVC, which specifically targets the monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1), was decorated on the surface of PDMAEMA-NP. Both in vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrated that more efficient delivery of miR-128-3p to cells or tumor tissues was obtained by the PDMAEMA-NP than plasmid. Additionally, modification of C peptides further enhanced the tumor accumulation of miR-128-3p, and in turn contributed to the stronger tumor growth inhibition effect. Underlying mechanisms study revealed that the miR-128-3p inhibited the growth, migration, and invasion of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells and progress of CRC tissues through silence of the activity of PI3K/AKT and MEK/ERK pathway. By this way, the chemotherapy effect of 5-Fluorouracil (5-Fu) was dramatically improved after co-treating the cells with miR-128-3p formulations.

15.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 265, 2020 01 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937783

RESUMO

Glucose electrolysis offers a prospect of value-added glucaric acid synthesis and energy-saving hydrogen production from the biomass-based platform molecules. Here we report that nanostructured NiFe oxide (NiFeOx) and nitride (NiFeNx) catalysts, synthesized from NiFe layered double hydroxide nanosheet arrays on three-dimensional Ni foams, demonstrate a high activity and selectivity towards anodic glucose oxidation. The electrolytic cell assembled with these two catalysts can deliver 100 mA cm-2 at 1.39 V. A faradaic efficiency of 87% and glucaric acid yield of 83% are obtained from the glucose electrolysis, which takes place via a guluronic acid pathway evidenced by in-situ infrared spectroscopy. A rigorous process model combined with a techno-economic analysis shows that the electrochemical reduction of glucose produces glucaric acid at a 54% lower cost than the current chemical approach. This work suggests that glucose electrolysis is an energy-saving and cost-effective approach for H2 production and biomass valorization.


Assuntos
Ácido Glucárico/análise , Glucose/química , Hidrogênio/análise , Biomassa , Catálise , Cloretos/química , Conservação de Recursos Energéticos , Eletrodos , Eletrólise , Compostos Férricos/química , Ácido Glucárico/química , Hidrogênio/química , Hidróxidos/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Níquel/química , Oxirredução , Ureia/química
16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(9): 1337-1340, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913372

RESUMO

We report a novel {001}TiO2/Ti photoelectrode by directly constructing "mirror-like" TiO2 microspheres on a Ti foil substrate (M-{001}TiO2/Ti). It presents highly enhanced PEC oxidation capability of DMP wastewater, which is mainly attributed to the significant synergetic effects of high exposure of {001} facets and equivalent {001}/{101} facet junctions.

17.
Environ Sci Technol ; 54(7): 4564-4572, 2020 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977202

RESUMO

Complete dechlorination and mineralization of chlorophenols via the reduction-oxidation-mediated electro-Fenton process with a composite bulk cathode is first proposed. The in situ formation of a PdFe nanoalloy and carbon defects as key active sites is mutually induced during the formation of a carbon aerogel-based electrode. Specifically, the PdFe nanoalloy promotes the generation of [H]ads as reduction sites and improves the electron transfer via an electrical circuit, while the carbon defects selectively favor the 2e- oxygen reduction pathway. Notably, this work implies a novel electrocatalytic model for the formation of ·OH via (2 + 1)e- oxygen reduction by a consecutive reaction with carbon defects and a PdFe nanoalloy. Complete total organic carbon removal and dechlorination of 3-chlorophenol were performed after 6 h. The kinetic rate constant for removing haloacetamides (HAMs) in drinking water was 0.21-0.41 h-1, and the degradation efficiency was self-enhanced after electrolysis for 2 h because of the increased concentration of [H+]. The specific energy consumption was ∼0.55 W·h·g-1 at 100% removal of some HAMs, corresponding to a power consumption of 0.6-1.1 kW·h for complete dehalogenation per ton of drinking water in waterworks. Moreover, the PdFe alloy/CA exhibited extreme mechanical and electrochemical stability with limited iron (∼0.07 ppm) and palladium (0.02 ppm) leaching during the actual application.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Carbono , Eletrodos , Eletrólise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Oxirredução
18.
Oncol Rep ; 43(2): 427-436, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894280

RESUMO

Glucocorticoids (GCs) are known potent clinical drugs, however, their mode of action is still complex and debatable. Macrophages are the most important target of GCs and play a key role in tumor immunity in vivo, but their relationship is also controversial. In the present study, the lentivirus system was used to overexpress and knock down the level of transcription factor Krüppel­like factor 9 (KLF9). The results revealed that dexamethasone (Dex) induced ROS generation and mitochondria­dependent apoptosis in RAW 264.7 cells via the KLF9. In addition, overexpression of KLF9 significantly increased apoptosis of RAW 264.7 cells. Notably, ELISA assay revealed that increased expression of KLF9 inhibited LPS­induced COX­2 expression and reduced COX­2­derived prostaglandin E2 and pro­inflammatory cytokine secretion. Furthermore, a co­culture system was used to reveal that overexpression of KLF9 in RAW 264.7 cells promoted HepG2 cell survival. In summary, it is reported that KLF9 promoted apoptosis of proinflammatory macrophages, and suppressed the antitumor effects, which can be selectively targeted by GCs as a novel mechanism to suppress antineoplastic activity.


Assuntos
Dexametasona/farmacologia , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/genética , Macrófagos/citologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Técnicas de Cocultura , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Células RAW 264.7 , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
19.
Environ Sci Technol ; 54(2): 1258-1266, 2020 01 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702138

RESUMO

Preferential pretreatment of nonylphenol (NP) before biological treatment is of great significance due to its horizontal gene transfer effect and endocrine disruption activity. A novel molecular imprinting high-index facet SnO2 (MI-SnO2, HIF) electrode is designed. NP was effectively removed from industrial wastewater at 1.8 V with totally suppressing human estrogen activity. The ratio of 5 day biological oxygen demand to chemical oxygen demand (BOD5/CODCr) was enhanced to 0.412 from 0.186 after preferential pretreatment. The effluent concentration of NP was 6.4 µg L-1 after further simulating anaerobic-anoxic-oxic treatment, which was about 1/10 of that without pretreatment. This preferential electrochemical pretreatment is interpreted as prior adsorption and enrichment of target pollutants on the MI-SnO2, HIF surface. The reactive oxygen species and subsequent oxidation products were investigated by in situ electron paramagnetic resonance and electrochemical infrared spectroscopy. The degradation pathway of NP was further analyzed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. This unique pretreatment method for a complex tannery wastewater system has irreplaceable status because no methods with similar advantages have been reported, expecting to be widely used in preferential pretreatment of toxic contaminants blended with highly concentrated nontoxic organics.


Assuntos
Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , Resíduos Industriais , Oxirredução , Fenóis , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
20.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(3): 368-379, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782474

RESUMO

Nowadays, groundbreaking strategies are urgently needed to address drug resistance, osteolysis, bone defects and other predicaments impeding the therapeutic efficacy of osteosarcoma. Among them, photothermal therapy (PTT), using systematically administrated nanoagents, exhibits attractive therapeutic efficacy, yet is powerless in bone defect regeneration. Herein, a novel multifunctional beta-tricalcium phosphate (ß-Ca3(PO4)2, ß-TCP) bioceramic platform-coated with carbon aerogel (CA), which was initially developed for tumor therapy, was fabricated. On account of the desirable photothermal capabilities of CA, sufficient hyperthermia is generated under the irradiation of an 808 nm laser to achieve a thorough ablation of osteosarcoma tumors. Furthermore, CA-coated surfaces provide extra roughness and a higher specific surface area, which promoted the protein recruitment ability and osteogenesis via a fibronectin (FN)-mediated signaling pathway. The photothermal therapeutic efficacy and osteogenesis capability of CA-coated ß-TCP-C suggests a novel approach for the treatment of osteosarcoma and provides provoking inspiration for the prospective bio-application of CA.

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