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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246385, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1339384

RESUMO

Abstract Coronary heart disease (CHD) has been associated with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although remain controversial, several studies have demonstrated the association of M. pneumoniae infections with atherosclerosis. We evaluated the possible association of mycoplasma infections in patients diagnosed with atherosclerosis by ELISA and PCR methods. Atherosclerotic tissue samples and blood samples were collected for the detection of mycoplasma antibodies (IgA) by ELISA from the 97 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). M. pneumoniae specific IgA, IgG and IgM were measured by using the Anti-M. pneumoniae IgA/IgG/IgM ELISA. Detection of M. pneumoniae targeting the P1 adhesion gene was performed by PCR Acute infection of M. pneumoniae was diagnosed in 43.3% (42) of patients by PCR. The M. pneumoniae specific antibodies were detected in 36.1% (35) of patients. Twenty-five (25.8%) cases had IgG antibodies, 15 (15.5%) cases had IgM antibodies, 3 (3.1%) cases had IgA antibodies, 10 (10.3%) cases had both IgM + IgG antibodies and 1 (1%) case of each had IgM + IgA and IgG + IgA antibodies. None of the cases was positive for all three antibodies. A Pearson correlation coefficient analysis revealed an excellent correlation between the PCR and the serological results (r=0.921, p<0.001). A majority (17, 40.5%) of the M. pneumoniae positive patients are within the 41-50 years of age group, followed by 10 (23.8%) patients in the age group of 61-70 years and 2 (4.8%) patients were >70 years of age. Our study reported an unusually higher prevalence of M. pneumoniae by serological tests (36.1%) and PCR (43.3%). Although the hypothesis of the association of M. pneumoniae and CAD is yet to be proven, the unusually high prevalence of M. pneumoniae in CAD patients indicates an association, if not, in the development of atherosclerosis.


Resumo A doença coronariana (DCC) tem sido associada a significativa morbidade e mortalidade em todo o mundo. Embora ainda sejam controversos, vários estudos têm demonstrado a associação de infecções por M. pneumoniae com aterosclerose. Avaliamos a possível associação de infecções por micoplasma em pacientes com diagnóstico de aterosclerose pelos métodos ELISA e PCR. Amostras de tecido aterosclerótico e amostras de sangue foram coletadas para a detecção de anticorpos contra micoplasma (IgA) por ELISA de 97 pacientes com doença arterial coronariana (DAC). IgA, IgG e IgM específicos para M. pneumoniae foram medidos usando o Anti-M. pneumoniae IgA / IgG / IgM ELISA. A detecção de M. pneumoniae visando o gene de adesão P1 foi realizada por PCR. A infecção aguda por M. pneumoniae foi diagnosticada em 43,3% (42) dos pacientes pela PCR. Os anticorpos específicos para M. pneumoniae foram detectados em 36,1% (35) dos pacientes. Vinte e cinco (25,8%) casos tinham anticorpos IgG, 15 (15,5%) casos tinham anticorpos IgM, 3 (3,1%) casos tinham anticorpos IgA, 10 (10,3%) casos tinham anticorpos IgM + IgG e 1 (1%) caso de cada um tinha anticorpos IgM + IgA e IgG + IgA. Nenhum dos casos foi positivo para os três anticorpos. A análise do coeficiente de correlação de Pearson revelou uma excelente correlação entre o PCR e os resultados sorológicos (r = 0,921, p < 0,001). A maioria (17, 40,5%) dos pacientes positivos para M. pneumoniae está na faixa etária de 41-50 anos, seguida por 10 (23,8%) pacientes na faixa etária de 61-70 anos e 2 (4,8%) pacientes tinham > 70 anos de idade. Nosso estudo relatou uma prevalência incomumente maior de M. pneumoniae por testes sorológicos (36,1%) e PCR (43,3%). Embora a hipótese da associação de M. pneumoniae e DAC ainda não tenha sido comprovada, a prevalência incomumente alta de M. pneumoniae em pacientes com DAC indica uma associação, se não, no desenvolvimento de aterosclerose.

3.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 414-420, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814407

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the incidence of acute respiratory infection (ARI) and related healthcare seeking behaviors in population in the period of COVID-19 epidemic in China. Methods: According to the province specific cumulative incidence rates of COVID-19 reported as of March 31, 2020, the low, medium and high-risk areas were classified. In these areas, a stratified two stage cluster random sampling method was used to select participants for face-to-face questionnaire surveys. Data on the incidence of ARI and related healthcare seeking behaviors in community residents during COVID-19 epidemic period were collected to calculate the attack rate of ARI and related healthcare seeking rate. Logistic regression method was used to explore the influencing factors for ARI incidence and healthcare seeking behavior. Results: A total of 34 857 community residents were surveyed, in whom 647 (1.9%) reported that they had ARI symptoms during the COVID-19 epidemic period, and 241 (37.2%) had healthcare seeking behaviors. In terms of the incidence of COVID-19-related ARI, in high-risk area, the risk of COVID-19-related ARI was 1.36 times (95%CI: 1.12-1.65) than that in low-risk area; among different age groups, the risk of COVID-19-related ARI in age groups 20-39 years, ≥60 years was 1.80 times (95%CI: 1.29-2.59) and 1.63 times (95%CI: 1.14-2.40) than that in age group 1-9 years; the risk of COVID-19-related ARI in people with underlying diseases was 1.53 times (95%CI: 1.23-1.89) than that in those without underlying diseases; the risk of COVID-19-related ARI in people with contacts with confirmed cases of COVID-19 and people with fever or respiratory symptoms was 1.53 times (95%CI: 1.01-2.27) and 6.60 times (95%CI: 5.05-8.53) than those in people without these contacts. The healthcare seeking rate in COVID-19-related ARI patients with exposures to those with fever or respiratory symptoms was 1.68 times (95%CI: 1.05-2.70) than that in such patients without the exposures. Conclusions: The attack rate of COVID-19-related ARI was affected by the local epidemic level of COVID-19, and in high-risk area, the attack rate of COVID-19-related ARI was also high. The healthcare seeking rate in patients with COVID-19-related ARI was low. Therefore, it is necessary to encourage the healthcare seeking in people with ARI in COVID-19 pandemic period.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Pandemias , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
4.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 1274-1279, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814543

RESUMO

Objective: To establish a multi-state Markov model of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and explore the transition rule between the cumulative number of different chronic complications, estimate the transition probability and intensity between status, and explore the possible factors affecting the transition between status. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of 33 575 patients with T2DM was conducted. According to the baseline and the cumulative number of chronic complications during the follow-up period, the patients were classified based on five status: T2DM, one complication, two complications, three complications, four and above complication, indicated by S0, S1, S2, S3 and S4, respectively. A time-continuous and state-discrete multi-state irreversible Markov model was used for statistical analysis. Results: The study included 33 575 T2DM patients, and their average age was 60 years old, the median of follow-up length was 8 years. In these patients, 32 653 had no baseline complications. At the end of follow-up, the transition probabilities of S0→S1, S1→S2, S2→S3 and S3→S4 were 16.4%, 32.4%, 45.6% and 25.9%, respectively. The results of multivariate analysis showed that being female (HR=0.919), less than 60 years old (HR=0.929), higher fasting plasma glucose (HR=1.601), lower high-density lipoprotein (HR=1.087), higher total cholesterol (HR=1.090),weekly exercise (HR=0.897), vegetarian diet (HR=0.852) and heavy diet (HR=1.887) were the risk factors for S0 to S1. And being female (HR=0.768), less than 60 years old (HR=0.859) and lower high-density lipoprotein (HR=1.160) were the risk factors for S1 to S2. Conclusions: The probability of multiple complications in T2DM patients increased over time, the transition intensity of S2→S3 was largest, followed by S1→S2. Therefore, we need to conduct both early and long-term indicators monitoring and disease prevention, strengthen the health education to improve patients' daily living habits at early stage of the illness, encourage patients to have moderate exercise and balanced diet, strengthen the monitoring of fasting blood- glucose, cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein levels to prevent the deterioration of the illness.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Colesterol , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Jejum , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
5.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(11): 788-795, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823292

RESUMO

Objective: To study the difference between BRCA gene mutations in hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (HBOC) and in sporadic ovarian cancer (SOC). Methods: This study was for exploratory research, the inclusion criteria were 284 patients with ovarian cancer admitted at Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from November 2018 to December 2019, with high-throughput DNA sequencing including the full coding regions and exon-intron link regions of BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene. Pathogenic mutations in the BRCA gene of patients with ovarian cancer were collected and mutation site analysis was performed to compare phenotypic differences in pathogenic mutations between HBOC syndrome and SOC patients. Results: (1) Of the 284 ovarian cancer patients, seventy-seven had BRCA pathogenic mutations with a mutation rate of 27.1% (77/284), with BRCA1 mutation rate of 19.7% (56/284), BRCA2 gene 6.7% (19/284) and BRCA1/2 common mutation rate of 0.7% (2/284). Of the 284 patients with ovarian cancer, the pathogenic mutation rate in the BRCA gene in HBOC syndrome patients was 43.8% (32/73), which were significantly higher than that in SOC patients [21.3% (45/211); χ²=13.905, P<0.01]. Among BRCA1 gene mutation, the mutation rate in HBOC syndrome was higher than that of SOC [87.5% (28/32) vs 62.2% (28/45)], the BRCA2 gene mutation rate in patients with HBOC syndrome was lower than that in SOC patients [6.2% (2/32) vs 37.8% (17/45)], and there were statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Two of the 77 patients with pathogenic mutations in the BRCA gene were multisite mutations, including one simultaneous two site mutation, one simultaneous three site mutation. There were 80 mutation sites with frameshift deletion mutations (55.0%, 44/80) and nonsense mutations (31.2%, 25/80). (2) Of the 73 patients with HBOC syndrome, 32 cases had pathogenic mutations in BRCA gene, including 28 cases in BRCA1, mainly in exon 11 and 24 (9 and 7 cases, respectively), and only two cases in BRCA2, both in exon 11; another two had multiple locus mutations. Of the 211 patients with SOC, 45 cases had pathogenic mutants in BRCA gene, including 28 cases in BRCA1, mainly in exon 11 and 24 (15 and 2 cases, respectively), and 17 cases in BRCA2, mainly in exon 11 (11 cases). (3) Thirty-four pathogenic mutation sites in BRCA gene were found newly, twenty of them were located in the BRCA1 gene, including a locus located on the intron 6, 301+1G>A, and the remaining 19 sites were located on the exons, including 283_286delCTTG, 68_69delAG, 132C>T, 514_547+3del37, 742delA, 1126_1129delAATA, 1196delA, 1352_1364del, 1465G>T, 2171delC, 2341G>T, 3359_3363delTTAAT, 4085_4086ins11, 4161_4162delTC, 4165_4166delAG, 4258G>T, 4338_4339del8insAGAA, 4468G>T, and 4783delA; fourteen sites were located in the BRCA2 gene, including a locus located on the intron 7, 631+1G>A, and the remaining 13 sites were located on the exons, including 2648delT, 2914A>T, 2950_2951insG, 4357+1G>A, 5054C>T, 5257A>T, 5291_5292insTC, 5913delT, 3593delA, 6091_6092insA, 6135_6136delTT, 7452delT, 9097_9098insA. A tal of 28 repeat mutations were located in the BRCA1 gene; among them, the site 5470_5477del8 was repeated 6 times, while 3 times in 981_982delAT. Conclusions: Patients with HBOC syndrome have a significantly higher rate of pathogenic mutation in the BRCA gene than that in patients with SOC. BRCA gene pathogenic mutation sites in HBOC syndrome patients occur commonly in exon 11 and 24 of BRCA 1 gene, while SOC patients occur mainly in exon 11 and 24 of BRCA1 gene and exon 11 of BRCA2 gene. The two loci of BRCA1∶5470_5477del8, BRCA1∶981_982delAT may be ancestor mutations in Chinese ovarian cancer patients, and 34 newly discovered pathogenic mutations in the BRCA gene, enriching the BRCA gene mutation spectrum in the Chinese population.

6.
Talanta ; 238(Pt 2): 123030, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801893

RESUMO

The development of analytical method for selective and sensitive detection of gossypol (Gsp), an extraction from the cotton plants, is important but still challenging in food safety and medical field. Herein, we reported a turn-on near infrared (NIR) fluorescence detection strategy for Gsp based on a metal-organic framework (MOF), QBA-Yb, which was prepared from 4,4'-(quinolone-5, 8-diyl) benzoate with Yb(NO3)3·5H2O by solvothermal synthesis. The Gsp acted as another "antenna" to sensitize the luminescence of Yb3+, leading to the turn-on NIR emission upon 467 nm excitation. As Gsp concentration increased, the NIR emission at 973 nm enhanced gradually, thus enabling highly sensitive Gsp detection in a turn-on way. The experiment and theoretical calculation results revealed the presence of strong hydrogen bonds between Gsp molecules and the MOF skeleton. The developed QBA-Yb probe showed excellent characteristics for detection of Gsp molecules, accompanied by wide linear range (5-160 µg/mL), low detection limit (0.65 µg/mL) and short response time (within 10 min). We have further demonstrated that the QBA-Yb probe was successfully applied for the determination of Gsp in real samples of cottonseeds.

8.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(11): 1156-1163, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794217

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of miR-369-3p targeting ACTN4 expression on proliferation and apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Methods: Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blot were used to detect the expression levels of miR-369-3p and ACTN4 in hepatocarcinoma tissues and adjacent tissues. MiR-369-3p mimics, miR-negative control (NC), si-ACTN4, and si-NC were transfected into hepatocellular carcinoma MHCC97H cells by liposome method. Cell proliferation was detected by 3-(4, 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-dipheny-ltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell cycle and apoptotic rates. The dual luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the targeted regulation of ACTN4 by miR-369-3p. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of cyclin D1, p21, Bcl-2 and Bax. Results: The expression level of miR-369-3p in liver cancer tissue was lower than that in adjacent tissues [(0.46±0.04) vs (1.00±0.08), P<0.001)], while the expression level of ACTN4 was higher than that in adjacent tissues [mRNA (3.12±0.29) vs (1.01±0.09); protein (0.61±0.06) vs (0.25±0.03), P<0.001]. Overexpression of miR-369-3p significantly decreased the cell viability[(0.71±0.06) vs (1.26±0.11), P<0.001)], increased cell apoptosis rate [(20.16±2.11)% vs (6.25±0.64)%, P<0.001], increased the proportion of cells in G(1) phase [(31.14±3.36)% vs (51.56±5.23)%, P<0.001], decreased the proportion of cells in S phase [(32.44±3.56)% vs (14.33) ±1.45)%, P<0.001], increased the levels of p21 and Bax protein (P<0.001), and decreased the levels of cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 protein (P<0.001). Inhibition of the expression of ACTN4 significantly reduced the cell viability [(0.78±0.07) vs (1.24±0.12), P<0.001], increased the apoptosis rate [(6.58±0.66)% vs (18.32±1.82)%, P<0.001], increased the proportion of cells in G(1) phase [(48.69±4.21)% vs (30.33±3.01)%, P<0.001], decreased the proportion of cells in S phase [(36.21±3.42)% vs (18.54±1.61)%, P<0.001], increased the protein levels of p21 and Bax (P<0.001), and decreased the levels of cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 protein (P<0.001). Compared with the miR-369-3p+ pcDNA group, overexpression of ACTN4 increased the proliferation ability of hepatocellular carcinoma MHCC97H cells at 72 hours of culture[(1.12±0.11) vs (0.68±0.06), P<0.001], significantly reduced the proportion of cells in G(1) stage [(38.81±3.24)% vs (51.80±4.57)%, P<0.001], significantly increased the proportion of S-phase cells [(31.65±3.11)% vs (15.69±1.44)%, P<0.001], decreased cell apoptosis rate [(13.86±1.37)% vs (22.69±2.24)%, P<0.001], increased protein expressions of cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 (P<0.001), decreased the protein expressions of p21 and Bax (P<0.001). Conclusion: MiR-369-3p can induce cell cycle arrest in G(1) phase, inhibit the proliferation and promote apoptosis of liver cancer cells by regulating the expression of ACTN4.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , MicroRNAs , Actinina/genética , Apoptose , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética
9.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(11): 1078-1084, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794260

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the application effects of risk assessment method of failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) on the limb posture positioning nursing of extremely severe burn patients. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. According to the different limb posture positioning methods, 30 extremely severe burn patients who met the inclusion criteria and underwent routine limb posture positioning in the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University from January 2018 to June 2019 were included into routine limb positioning group (19 males and 11 females, aged (40±10) years), and 30 extremely severe burn patients who met the inclusion criteria and underwent limb posture positioning with FMEA risk assessment from July 2019 to December 2020 in the department were included into FMEA limb positioning group (20 males and 10 females, aged (38±10) years). Patients in routine limb positioning group received only routine limb posture positioning by rehabilitation therapists with bare hand every day from the time when their limb wounds healed until they were discharged from hospital. Patients in FMEA limb positioning group received FMEA risk assessment by physicians, rehabilitation therapists, and nurses within 24 hours after admission to analyze the potential failure modes of limb posture positioning, and target-directed limb posture positioning measures were adopted until they were discharged. The risk priority numbers (RPNs) of six major failure modes of patients in FMEA limb positioning group before and after intervention were compared. The range of motion (ROM) of shoulder abduction, elbow extension, wrist dorsiflexion, ankle plantarflexion, total action motion of hand, and modified Barthel index scores of the patients in two groups before and after intervention were also assessed. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, chi-square test, and paired sample t test. Results: The RPNs of 6 main potential failure modes of patients in FMEA limb positioning group i.e. untimely interference of limb posture positioning, not strong awareness of limb posture positioning of nurses, inconsistent of evaluation standards of limb posture positioning, nurses' lacking knowledge about limb posture positioning, nurses' lacking active participation, unsatisfying effects of patients' limb posture positioning were respectively (146±31), (140±22), (125±34), (136±23), (110±28), and (110±5) points after intervention, which were significantly lower than (578±64), (543±57), (419±89), (269±64), (240±41), and (222±48) points before intervention (t=18.441, 23.681, 10.035, 5.362, 9.438, 7.171, P<0.01). After intervention, the ROMs of shoulder abduction, elbow extension, wrist dorsiflexion, and ankle plantarflexion of patients in FMEA limb positioning group were significantly better than those in routine limb positioning group (t=-4.250, 11.400, -15.928, 10.963, -7.470, P<0.01); the ROMs of shoulder abduction, elbow extension, wrist dorsiflexion, and ankle plantarflexion of patients in FMEA limb positioning group and routine limb positioning group were significantly better than those before intervention (t=-35.573, 33.670, -31.090, 32.902, -19.647, -14.952, 11.411, -33.462, -12.818, -13.672, P<0.01). After intervention, the Barthel index score of patients in FMEA limb positioning group (78±9) was significantly higher than 57±9 in routine limb positioning group (t=-9.055, P<0.01), and the Barthel index scores of patients in FMEA limb positioning group and routine limb positioning group were significantly higher than those before intervention (35±5 and 34±4, t=-22.964, -12.329, P<0.01). Conclusions: In the limb posture positioning nursing of extremely severe burn patients, risk assessment method of FMEA can effectively avoid the high risk factors in the limb posture positioning of patients, thus maintain the effects of limb posture positioning and improve the ROM of patients, as well as increase the daily living ability of patients in prognosis.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Análise do Modo e do Efeito de Falhas na Assistência à Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Postura , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(15): 152702, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678013

RESUMO

Fluorine is one of the most interesting elements in nuclear astrophysics, where the ^{19}F(p,α)^{16}O reaction is of crucial importance for Galactic ^{19}F abundances and CNO cycle loss in first generation Population III stars. As a day-one campaign at the Jinping Underground Nuclear Astrophysics experimental facility, we report direct measurements of the essential ^{19}F(p,αγ)^{16}O reaction channel. The γ-ray yields were measured over E_{c.m.}=72.4-344 keV, covering the Gamow window; our energy of 72.4 keV is unprecedentedly low, reported here for the first time. The experiment was performed under the extremely low cosmic-ray-induced background environment of the China JinPing Underground Laboratory, one of the deepest underground laboratories in the world. The present low-energy S factors deviate significantly from previous theoretical predictions, and the uncertainties are significantly reduced. The thermonuclear ^{19}F(p,αγ)^{16}O reaction rate has been determined directly at the relevant astrophysical energies.

12.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(10): 1040-1044, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619901

RESUMO

Mussle foot protein has a main component which is named dopa. Dopa can be used to promote a relatively firm adhesion of mussels to the surface of solid materials through forming dihydrogen bonds, π-π/π-cation bonds and chelating metals,etc. To exploit these interactions, there is the opportunity to apply dopa-inspired compounds to improve the dentin-resin bonding. The current review provides valuable information concerning the mechanism of adhesion mediated by mussel foot protein and describes the application of dopa-inspired compounds in the dentin-resin bonding. The article provides novel information for future research in optimization of the properties of dentin-resin bonding.


Assuntos
Dentina , Di-Hidroxifenilalanina
15.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 73(6): 684-693, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607389

RESUMO

Propionibacterium acnes plays a major role in acne vulgaris. In the pre-experiment, the growth of P. acnes was inhibited effectively using surfactin; however, the antibacterial mechanism has not been described. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate antibacterial activity and analyse the mechanism of surfactin against P. acnes. Minimum inhibitory concentration, time-killing kinetics and scanning electron microscopy were used to evaluate the activity of surfactin against P. acnes, which showed that 128 µg ml-1 effectively inhibited growth. Cell wall permeability was evaluated by detecting the extracellular alkaline phosphatase activity, which increased to 1·83- and 2·32-fold after incubating with 128 and 256 µg ml-1 of surfactin for 10 h, respectively. Propidium iodide fluorescence, leakage of nucleic acid, protein, K+ , and Ca2+ , membrane potential and the leakage of calcein from small unilamellar vesicles all increased after incubation with surfactin, indicating that its strong biological activities act mainly by altering membrane integrity. In a mouse model of acne, surfactin significantly reduced P. acnes-induced epidermal swelling and erythema. These results indicate that surfactin effectively inhibited the growth of P. acnes by destroying the cell wall and membrane, and is a potential candidate for acne treatment.


Assuntos
Acne Vulgar , Propionibacterium acnes , Acne Vulgar/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Parede Celular , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
16.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e246385, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524372

RESUMO

Coronary heart disease (CHD) has been associated with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although remain controversial, several studies have demonstrated the association of M. pneumoniae infections with atherosclerosis. We evaluated the possible association of mycoplasma infections in patients diagnosed with atherosclerosis by ELISA and PCR methods. Atherosclerotic tissue samples and blood samples were collected for the detection of mycoplasma antibodies (IgA) by ELISA from the 97 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). M. pneumoniae specific IgA, IgG and IgM were measured by using the Anti-M. pneumoniae IgA/IgG/IgM ELISA. Detection of M. pneumoniae targeting the P1 adhesion gene was performed by PCR Acute infection of M. pneumoniae was diagnosed in 43.3% (42) of patients by PCR. The M. pneumoniae specific antibodies were detected in 36.1% (35) of patients. Twenty-five (25.8%) cases had IgG antibodies, 15 (15.5%) cases had IgM antibodies, 3 (3.1%) cases had IgA antibodies, 10 (10.3%) cases had both IgM + IgG antibodies and 1 (1%) case of each had IgM + IgA and IgG + IgA antibodies. None of the cases was positive for all three antibodies. A Pearson correlation coefficient analysis revealed an excellent correlation between the PCR and the serological results (r=0.921, p<0.001). A majority (17, 40.5%) of the M. pneumoniae positive patients are within the 41-50 years of age group, followed by 10 (23.8%) patients in the age group of 61-70 years and 2 (4.8%) patients were >70 years of age. Our study reported an unusually higher prevalence of M. pneumoniae by serological tests (36.1%) and PCR (43.3%). Although the hypothesis of the association of M. pneumoniae and CAD is yet to be proven, the unusually high prevalence of M. pneumoniae in CAD patients indicates an association, if not, in the development of atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infecções por Mycoplasma , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Antibacterianos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina M , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycoplasma/epidemiologia , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Prevalência
17.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(9): 926-932, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496544

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the changes in serum metabolic profile in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and to identify the diagnostic biomarkers in order to provide new ideas for the early diagnosis of OSCC. Methods: In total, 76 OSCC patients who were diagnosed at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and 70 healthy individuals who at the Department of Medical Center of The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from August 2019 to January 2020 were recruited in The study. According to the random number table method, all subjects were divided into a test group (n=96) and a verification group (n=50). Subjects in the test group consisted of 51 OSCC patients and 45 healthy subjects and subjects in the verification group included 25 OSCC patients and 25 healthy individuals. Serum samples and clinical data of each of the subjects were collected. The serum samples were analyzed by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole-Orbitrap high resolution accurate mass spectrometry. Principal component analysis, orthogonal partial least square discrimination analysis and t-test were used to profile the differential metabolites in the test group. Pathway analysis of differential metabolites was performed. In addition, binary logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic analysis were used in order to establish the potential diagnostic panel. Results: Twenty-one endogenous differential metabolites were identified showing significant association with OSCC. Results of pathway analysis suggested that OSCC associated with lipid metabolism and amino acid metabolism (P<0.05). A novel diagnostic panel consisting of lysophosphatidylcholine (LysoPC) (16∶0/0∶0), LysoPC[18∶1(9z)/0∶0], taurine and D-glutamic acid was defined. The panel performed a high area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (0.998, 95%CI: 0.994-0.999, P<0.05). Conclusions: There were obvious lipid and amino acid metabolism disorders in OSCC patients. It was an effective method to establish a diagnostic model by metabolomics.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Biomarcadores , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
18.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5266, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489461

RESUMO

The time-resolved magneto-optical (MO) Voigt effect can be utilized to study the Néel order dynamics in antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials, but it has been limited for collinear AFM spin configuration. Here, we have demonstrated that in Mn3Sn with an inverse triangular spin structure, the quench of AFM order by ultrafast laser pulses can result in a large Voigt effect modulation. The modulated Voigt angle is significantly larger than the polarization rotation due to the crystal-structure related linear dichroism effect and the modulated MO Kerr angle arising from the ferroic ordering of cluster magnetic octupole. The AFM order quench time shows negligible change with increasing temperature approaching the Néel temperature (TN), in markedly contrast with the pronounced slowing-down demagnetization typically observed in conventional magnetic materials. This atypical behavior can be explained by the influence of weakened Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction rather than the smaller exchange splitting on the diminished AFM order near TN. The temperature-insensitive ultrafast spin manipulation can pave the way for high-speed spintronic devices either working at a wide range of temperature or demanding spin switching near TN.

19.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(8): 865-869, 2021 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344068

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological features of chordoid glioma. Methods: A total of 12 cases of chordoid gliomas from 2009 to 2020 in Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University and General Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical and imaging characteristics, pathologic and molecular characteristics were analyzed, and the relevant literature was reviewed. Results: All 12 patients (4 males and 8 females) aged from 25 to 67 years (mean 39 years) and mainly had a history of headache or/and vision loss. MRI showed that the lesions located in the third ventricle, and they showed abnormal enhancement. Pathologically, these 12 cases displayed the morphologic characteristics of chordoid gliomas, including papillary structures in two cases. Immunohistochemically, GFAP and vimentin were expressed in all 12 cases (12/12). TTF1 was also expressed in all cases (10/10). CD34 and CKpan were seen in 11 cases (11/12). EMA with dot-and/or-ring like positivity was seen in 9 cases (9/10). Tissues were available in nine chordoid gliomas for Sanger sequencing to detect PRKCA and IDH gene mutation, and eight cases (8/9) showed PRKCA gene D463H mutation. None of these cases showed IDH1 R132 and IDH2 R172 mutation. All 12 patients underwent surgery, and four were lost to follow up. The remaining eight patients were progression or recurrence free at last follow-up in January 2021. Conclusions: Chordoid gliomas have relatively distinguishing clinical and histopathological features. PRKCA gene mutation in chordoid gliomas can be considered as a biomarker for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of chordoid gliomas, and may provide a direction for future targeted therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Ventrículo Cerebral , Glioma , Terceiro Ventrículo , Feminino , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vimentina/genética
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