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1.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 30(3): 312-315, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476452

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of toothpaste containing emulsifier 30 and sodium lauryl sulfate surfactant on the integrity of oral epithelium. METHODS: Sixty individuals equally divided into 2 groups by random number table methods. Group A received toothpaste containing emulsifier 30, while group B received fluoride toothpaste containing sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) surfactant. The exfoliation of oral soft tissue was evaluated before, 30 minutes and 4 days after the test. The fluoride concentration in plaque and saliva was compared between the two groups. The data were processed with SPSS 22.0 software package. RESULTS: The scores of oral soft tissue exfoliation at 30 min and 4 d after the test were increased significantly (P<0.05). The scores of subgingival, supragingival, oral apex and oral soft tissue exfoliation of group A at 30 min after using the paste were significantly lower than those 4 days after using the paste(P<0.05), while no significant change was observed in the score of oral soft tissue exfoliation at the dorsal tongue(P>0.05). The total scores of subgingival, supragingival, dorsal tongue, ventral tongue and oral soft tissue exfoliation in group B 30 min after using the paste were significantly higher than those at 4 d after use, and the score of oral soft tissue exfoliation at oral apex was significantly lower than that at 4 d after use (P<0.05).The total scores of subgingival, supragingival, dorsal tongue, ventral tongue and oral soft tissue exfoliation in group B at 30 min after using the paste were significantly higher than those of group A, while the score of oral soft tissue exfoliation at oral apex was significantly lower than that of group A(P<0.05).The total scores of subgingival, supragingival, ventral tongue and oral soft tissue exfoliation in group B at 4 d after using the paste were significantly higher than those of group A(P<0.05). The scores of oral soft tissue exfoliation at oral apex and dorsal tongue at 4 d after use had no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). The fluoride concentration in plaque and saliva was increased significantly in both groups after test(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Both fluoride toothpaste containing emulsifier 30 and SLS surfactant cause a certain degree of oral soft tissue exfoliation. In comparison, fluoride toothpaste containing emulsifier 30 has less oral soft tissue damage; moreover, the two fluoride toothpastes can effectively inhibit acid production of plaque bacteria and prevent occurrence of caries.


Assuntos
Tensoativos , Cremes Dentais , Método Duplo-Cego , Epitélio , Fluoretos , Humanos , Dodecilsulfato de Sódio , Fluoreto de Sódio
2.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 34(9): 673-682, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530957

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the predictive performance of anthropometric indices for metabolic syndrome (MetS) among Chinese adolescents with different nutritional status. Methods: We recruited 9,513 adolescents aged 10-18 years from seven provinces in China during September 2014. Anthropometric indices and blood pressure were measured at recruitment, and blood samples were collected for determining fasting plasma glucose and lipid profile. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were used to assess the predictive performance of anthropometric indices, including body mass index (BMI) percentile, waist circumference percentile, waist-height ratio, and waist-hip ratio. Results: Overall, the four anthropometric indices showed good accuracy for predicting MetS with areas under ROC curves (AUCs) ranging from 0.86 to 0.94; similar AUCs ranging from 0.73 to 0.99 were observed for participants with normal weight. The performance of all four indices was poor in overweight and obese participants, with AUCs ranging from 0.66 to 0.77 and from 0.60 to 0.67, respectively. Waist circumference showed relatively better performance in all the subgroup analyses. Conclusions: We suggest using anthropometric indices with the cutoff values presented here for predicting MetS in the overall and normal-weight adolescent population, but not in the overweight and obese adolescent population where more specific screening tests are required.


Assuntos
Pesos e Medidas Corporais , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico , Estado Nutricional , Adolescente , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Criança , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
3.
Environ Int ; 148: 106383, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) rapidly increased over the past decades. However, little evidence exists about the effects of long-term exposure to ambient air pollution on MetS in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the association between long-term ambient air pollution and the prevalence of MetS in a large population of Chinese children and adolescents. METHODS: In 2013, a total of 9,897 children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years were recruited from seven provinces/municipalities in China. MetS was defined based on the recommendation by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). Satellite based spatio-temporal models were used to estimate exposure to ambient air pollution (including particles with diameters ≤1.0 µm (PM1), ≤2.5 µm (PM2.5), and ≤10 µm (PM10), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2)). Individual exposure was calculated according to 94 schools addresses. After adjustment for a range of covariates, generalized linear mixed-effects models were utilized to evaluate the associations between air pollutants and the prevalence of MetS and its components. In addition, several stratified analyses were examined according to sex, weight status, outdoor physical activity time, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) intake. RESULTS: The prevalence of MetS was 2.8%. The odds ratio of MetS associated with a 10 µg/m3 increase in PM1, PM2.5, PM10 and NO2 was 1.20 (95%CI: 0.99, 1.46), 1.31 (95%CI: 1.05, 1.64), 1.32 (95%CI: 1.08, 1.62), and 1.33 (95%CI: 1.03, 1.72), respectively. Regarding the MetS components, we observed associations between all pollutants and abdominal obesity. In addition, long-term PM1 and NO2 exposures were associated with the prevalence of elevated fasting blood glucose. Stratified analyses detected that the associations between air pollutants and the prevalence of MetS were stronger in boys (Pinteraction < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We found that long-term exposure to PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 were positively associated with the prevalence of MetS in children and adolescents. Our findings may have certain public health implications for some comprehensive strategy of environment improvement and lifestyles changes in order to reduce the burden of non-communicable disease.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Síndrome Metabólica , Adolescente , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/etiologia , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise
4.
Environ Res ; 192: 110289, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that exposure to green space may benefit human health. However, the available evidence concerning the effects of greenness, especially school-based greenness, on pediatric obesity is scarce. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between school-based greenness and adiposity in children and adolescents in China. METHOD: We conducted a nationwide cross-sectional study of 56,620 children and adolescents (aged 6-18 years) in seven provinces/municipalities across China. School-based greenness was assessed using satellite-derived Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index (SAVI) within 100-, 500-, and 1000-m circular buffers around each school's address. Generalized linear mixed regression models were used to estimate associations of greenness with BMI z-scores (zBMI), waist circumference, and prevalent overweight/obesity. We also explored the potential mediating role of ambient air pollution and physical activity in the greenness-adiposity associations. RESULT: In the adjusted model, an IQR increase in NDVI-1000m was associated with lower zBMI (ß: -0.11, 95% confidence interval[CI]: -0.13,-0.09) and waist circumference (ß: -0.64, 95%CI: -0.78,-0.50). Consistently, an IQR increase in NDVI-100m, NDVI-500m, NDVI-1000m was associated with 7-20% lower odds of overweight/obesity in the adjusted models. Air pollutants mediated 6.5-29.1% of the association between greenness and zBMI. No significant mediation effect was observed for physical activity. CONCLUSION: Higher school-based greenness levels were associated with lower zBMI, waist circumference, and lower odds of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents. Ambient air pollutants may partially mediate the greenness-adiposity associations.


Assuntos
Adiposidade , Obesidade Pediátrica , Adolescente , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Instituições Acadêmicas
5.
J Integr Neurosci ; 19(1): 21-29, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32259883

RESUMO

The neuroprotective role of Fructus Broussonetiae in a model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion with cognitive decline was focused on neural plasticity and microglia/macrophage polarization. Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion was induced by bilateral common carotid artery ligation. Fructus Broussonetiae shortened escape latency and added the number of platform crossings of rats, up-regulated the expression of synaptophysin in the gray matter and increased myelin basic protein expression in the white matter. Further mechanistic experiments were conducted to examine microglia activation and M1/M2 polarization. It was shown that Fructus Broussonetiae reduced the activation of microglia revealed by decreased expression of ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule-1, inhibited M1 polarization of microglia and improved microglial M2 polarization shown by down-regulated the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and Fc fragment of IgG receptor IIIa and up-regulated the expression of arginase-1. In conclusion, the Chinese herb Fructus Broussonetiae can improve cognitive function following chronic cerebral hypoperfusion by down-regulating the activation of microglia, inhibiting microglial M1 polarization, and improving neural plasticity.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Broussonetia , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/complicações , Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia , Aprendizagem em Labirinto/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/administração & dosagem , Memória Espacial/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/prevenção & controle , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Microglia/fisiologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 238: 111846, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30954615

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Huoluo Yinao decoction (HLYND) has been used to ameliorate cognitive impairment induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in clinical for years. However, the exact mechanisms remain unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects and mechanisms underlying HLYND-mediated improvement in cognitive deficits associated with chronic cerebral hypoperfusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly allocated to three groups: sham, model, and HLYND. Daily administration of HLYND or volume-matched vehicle by gavage was initiated 1 day after bilateral carotid artery stenosis (BCAS) and continued for 42 days. The Morris water maze (MWM) test was used to assess cognitive functions from days 36-42. Via western blot and immunofluorescent staining, restoration of neuronal plasticity and remyelination of white matter were evaluated by analyzing the expression profiles of MAP-2, synaptophysin and MBP. In addition, macrophage/microglial activation was assessed by quantifying changes in Iba1, and macrophage/microglial polarization was assessed by changes in iNOS and CD16 (M1 markers), as well as Arg1 and CD206 (M2 markers). RESULTS: In the MWM test, BCAS rats showed significantly extended escape latency and reduced platform crossing times, while those in the HLYND group had shortened escape latency and increased frequency of platform crossing. In addition, rats in the model group showed decreased levels and abnormal morphological changes of MAP-2, synaptophysin and MBP, whereas HLYND administration reversed these effects. As expected, Iba1 levels were elevated in both the model and HLYND groups but rats in the model group showed increased levels of the M1 markers, iNOS and CD16, and a correspondent decrease in the M2 marker, Arg1. In contrast, in the HLYND group, iNOS and CD16 levels were suppressed, while Arg1 levels were elevated. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that HLYND mitigates cognitive impairment after chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in rats through mechanisms involving increased neuronal plasticity and white matter remyelination, with a subtile modulation of macrophage/microglial polarization toward the M2 phenotype.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Animais , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Estenose das Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/fisiologia , Masculino , Aprendizagem em Labirinto , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/fisiologia , Plasticidade Neuronal/efeitos dos fármacos , Perfusão , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
7.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 849: 1-10, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30716313

RESUMO

Previously study has proved the non-erythropoietic mutant erythropoietin (MEPO) exerted neuroprotective effects against ischemic cerebral injury, with an efficacy similar to that of wild-type EPO. This study investigates its effects on neurogenesis, angiogenesis, and gliogenesis in cerebral ischemic mice. Male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and reperfusion. EPO (5000 U/kg), MEPO (5000 U/kg) or equal volume of normal saline was injected intraperitoneally. Neurological function was evaluated by Rota-rod test, Neurological severity scores (NSS) and Adhesive removal test. After ischemia and reperfusion (I/R), the survival rate, brain tissue loss, neurogenesis, angiogenesis and gliogenesis were detected by Nissl staining, Immunofluorescence and Western blot, respectively. The results shown that MEPO significantly increased survival rate, reduced brain tissue loss, and improved neurological function after MCAO (P < 0.05). Furthermore, MEPO obviously enhanced the proliferation of neuronal precursors (DCX) and promoted its differentiation into mature neurons (NeuN) (P < 0.05). In addition, compared to normal saline treatment mice, MEPO increased the number of BrdU-positive cells in the cerebral vasculature (P < 0.05). Whereas, MEPO treatment also reduced the numbers of newly generated astrocytes (GFAP) and microglia (Iba1) (P < 0.05). Among all the tests in this study, there was no significant difference between EPO group and MEPO group. Taken together, MEPO promoted the regeneration of neurons and blood vessels in peripheral area of infarction, and suppressed the gliogenesis, thus promoting neurogenesis, improving neurological function and survival rate. Our findings suggest that the MEPO may be a therapeutic drug for ischemic stroke intervention.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Eritropoetina/genética , Mutação , Neovascularização Fisiológica/genética , Neurogênese/genética , Neuroglia/patologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética , Animais , Proliferação de Células/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neuroproteção/genética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia
8.
Chin J Integr Med ; 25(8): 590-597, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29926387

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) profiles of yang and yin syndromes in patients with acute ischemic stroke, and to provide the molecular basis of the classification of these two syndrome types in acute ischemic stroke patients. METHODS: A microarray assay was performed to assess the expression pattern of miRNAs in the lymphocyte of acute ischemic stroke patients. Target genes for the deregulated miRNAs were predicated using the online bioinformatic algorithms and functional annotation via Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes pathway analysis for miRNAs predicted targets was carried out. Based on the predicted target genes of differentially expressed miRNAs, the miRNA-gene-network and miRNA-pathway-network were constructed. RESULTS: Yang score based on tongue texture, urine, dejecta, and appearance, etc. showed that clinical symptoms were distinct between yang and yin syndromes. There were significantly higher total leukocyte number and lower total protein level in patients with yang syndrome compared with those in patients with yin syndrome (P<0.05). Comprehensive miRNA analysis identified 36 unique down-regulated miRNAs in yang syndrome group, and 20 unique down-regulated and 2 unique up-regulated miRNAs in yin syndrome group. The key regulatory miRNAs, gene, and pathways in the yang syndrome were hsa-miR-93-5p and -320b, enabled homolog, the metabolic pathways and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways, respectively, while those in the yin syndrome were hsa-miR-424-5p and -106b-5p, CNOT4, hepatitis B and pathways in cancer, respectively. CONCLUSION: These results offered insight into the molecular basis underlying the different pathogenesis of yang or yin syndrome, providing clues for the individualized therapeutic strategies of acute ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Linfócitos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/sangue , MicroRNAs/genética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética , Yin-Yang , Isquemia Encefálica/sangue , Análise por Conglomerados , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Síndrome
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(39): e11550, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30278479

RESUMO

The clinical significance of palliative interventional therapy in the management of patients with advanced hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA; stages III-IV) has yet to be studied. The present work was aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of the patients treated with surgery or interventional therapy.A total of 90 patients with advanced HCCA, who admitted Fuyang First People's Hospital from May 2015 to February 2016, were enrolled. Forty-five of them were assigned to the experimental group receiving biliary drainage as the interventional therapy, and the remaining 45 patients were designated as the conventional group receiving radical/palliative surgery. Before and after the treatment total bilirubin from blood was measured. The length of treatment and medical cost were also examined. All patients were followed up for at least 1 year after the treatment.For both the experimental and conventional groups, the serum bilirubin levels after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment (P < .05); however, no significant differences between groups were seen. There were no significant differences between experimental and conventional groups in the incidence of postoperative complications and survival outcomes. Of note, the length of treatment of the experimental group was substantially shorter than that of the conventional group (P < .05). The medical expense of the experimental group was only about one-third of that of the conventional group (P < .05).Although the interventional therapy does not improve patients' survivals and reduce the incidence of complications, it significantly shortens the treatment length, reducing substantially the medical expense. This finding provides new insights into the treatment strategy for patients with advanced HCCA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Drenagem/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Bilirrubina/sangue , Drenagem/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(13): 2713-2719, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30111021

RESUMO

To investigate the effects of anti-androgen drugs and melengestrol acetate (MGA) on development of regrowth antlers in 6 year old sika deer, twenty healthysika deerwith similar body weight and antler weightwere randomly divided into five groups by using single factor test design: flutamide (n=4), bicalutamide (n=4), progesterone acetate (CPA, n=4), melengestrol acetate (MGA, n=4), control(n=4). All deer were fed with same diets and were housed outside together in an opened fence of 15 m×30 m with free access to water and feed. Treatment groups were injected subcutaneously sustained-release agents of the four drugs respectively when two-branched antlers were harvested. The control group had no special treatment. In the experiment period of 60 d, blood sampleswere collected for 4 times for each deer. The concentration of testosterone in plasma was tested and analyzed to compare the changes between different groups. Development of regrowth antlers was observed. At the end of the experiment, regrowth antlers were weighted and analyzed. The resultsshowed that the weights of regrowth antlers in treatment groups were significantly greater than those from control group and the weight gain (as compared with the control group) was 100.50%, 64.46%, 87.16% and 117.46% respectively in flutamide group, bicalutamide group, progesterone acetate group and melengestrol acetate group. For plasma testosterone concentration, it was not significantly different in the early stage (in the first 35 d), but at the end of the experimen, it was significantly higher than that of earlier stage (P<0.01) in various groups. Testosterone concentration of flutamide treated group was significantly lower than that of the other groups (P<0.01), while the level inbicalutamide and MGA treated groups was significantly higher than that in other groups (P<0.01). The results showed that both anti-androgen drugs and MGA treatment promoted the development of regrowth antlers and increased the weight of regrowth antlers, where the effect was most significant by MGA treatment. From the morphological observation of the antlers, it was found that anti-androgen and MGA treatments prolonged the growth period of regrowth antlers through delaying the ossification of antlers. However, plasma testosterone concentration was not affected by the treatments.


Assuntos
Chifres de Veado , Cervos , Animais , Progesterona , Testosterona
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(10): 2112-2117, 2018 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29933679

RESUMO

This study attempts to establish a method for the anti-thrombin activty bioassay of musk, explore the impact of species and producing areas on the anti-thrombin activty of musk, and provide scientific basis for its biological quality evaluation. Anti-thrombin activty of musk was analyzed by thrombin titration, and the influence factors such as musk solution concentration, fibrinogen concentration, thrombin concentration and titration interval were optimized to evaluate the effect of different species and producing areas on anti-thrombin activty of musk. As a result, there was a good linear relationship between musk solution concentration and thrombin consumption volume within the range of 0.01-0.02 g·mL⁻¹ (r=0.991 4) under the experimental condition as follows: fibrinogen concentration was 0.5%, the thrombin concentration was 10 U·mL⁻¹ï¼› titration time interval was once every minute, and each titration volume was 2 µL. The average anti-thrombin activty potency of Moschus berezovskii from different producing areas was (105.0±10.4) U·g⁻¹, (102.4±5.5) U·g⁻¹ for M. sifanicus from different producing areas, (97.7±6.6) U·g⁻¹ for M. moschiferus from Anhui province, and (58.6±6.4) U·g⁻¹ for artificial musk. The results indicated that this anti-thrombin activty bioassay method could be applied to evaluate the anti-thrombin activty of musk quickly, conveniently, sensitively and exactly. It was also suggested that different species and producing areas had effects on the anti-thrombin activty of musk, so it is necessary to pay attention to species and producing areas in the process of musk domestication; meanwhile, the artificial musk and natural musk also showed great differences in anti-thrombin activty, suggesting that ratio in artificial musk prescription needs to be further optimized.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados/análise , Fibrinolíticos/análise , Trombina/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Cervos , Filogenia
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(21): 4110-4114, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29271147

RESUMO

Cervi Cornu Pantotrichum, as a traditional Chinese medicine, has great potential for development. However, the identification and quality control system is not perfect, leading to the market chaos and chronic slow growth in deep processing of Cervi Cornu Pantotrichum. This paper gives an overview of present situation in identification and quality control system of the Cervi Cornu Pantotrichum, and analyzes present problems. Based on these results, the feasibility study scheme in identification and quality control system for Cervi Cornu Pantotrichum would be then put forward, providing ideas to establish its comprehensive evaluation system.


Assuntos
Chifres de Veado/química , Materia Medica/normas , Animais , Cervos , Materia Medica/química , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Controle de Qualidade , Pesquisa
13.
Oncotarget ; 8(47): 82968-82980, 2017 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29137316

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide. Ribosome biogenesis regulatory protein homolog (RRS1) is an essential factor involved in ribosome biogenesis, while its role in CRC remains largely unclear. Here, we found that RRS1 expression was significantly higher in CRC tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues. RRS1 High expression also predicted poor overall survival of CRC patients. Knockdown of RRS1 induced the G2/M cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and suppressed the proliferation of RKO and HCT-116 CRC cells. Furthermore, angiogenesis was also reduced in CRC cells after RRS1 knockdown. In addition, suppression of RRS1 blunted the tumor formation of CRC cells in nude mice. At the molecular level, silencing of RRS1 decreased the expression of M-phase inducer phosphatase 3 (CDC25C), Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1), antigen KI-67 (KI67) and increased the protein level of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1 (CDKN1A) and tumor suppressor p53 (p53). Taken together, our findings provide evidence that RRS1 may promote the development of colon cancer. Therefore, targeting RRS1 may be a promising therapeutic strategy for CRC patients.

14.
Mol Med Rep ; 15(5): 2720-2726, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28447723

RESUMO

RAS protein activator like 2 (RASAL2) has been reported to be dysregulated in various types of cancer. It has previously been demonstrated that RASAL2 is hypomethylated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the expression pattern of RASAL2 and its potential role in HCC remain to be elucidated. The present study demonstrated that the expression of RASAL2 was upregulated in HCC tissues, compared with in normal liver tissues, by using immunohistochemistry. In addition, Cell Counting Kit-8 assay and invasion assay revealed that knockdown of RASAL2 inhibited the growth and invasion of HCC cells. Western blotting results indicated that the inhibition of RASAL2 reduced the levels of phosphorylated-AKT. Notably, RASAL2 was observed to be a direct target of miR-203 in HCC in luciferase activity assays. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-203 exhibited a similar effect to RASAL2 knockdown in HCC cells. These results indicated that RASAL2 serves a tumor oncogenic role in HCC and may be considered a potential target in HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/biossíntese , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , RNA Neoplásico/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , RNA Neoplásico/genética
15.
Cardiology ; 136(4): 215-221, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27802430

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recent research has indicated that red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is associated with the prognosis of cardiovascular diseases such as chronic heart failure and coronary heart disease. We aimed to study the predictive value of RDW for bleeding events in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) during the administration of 110 mg of dabigatran twice a day after catheter ablation. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-two NVAF patients who were hospitalized and received catheter ablation in Jiangsu Provincial People's Hospital from January 2014 to January 2015 were enrolled (110 mg of dabigatran was administered orally to outpatients preoperatively twice a day for 3 weeks). The enrolled patients were divided into the high RDW (>12.8%) group (n = 85) and the low RDW (≤12.8%) group (n = 87) according to the median RDW. The activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) at dabigatran trough concentration was also detected. Patients were followed up for 3 months to observe the occurrence of bleeding events, and the predictive value of RDW as well as APTT for bleeding events was assessed from receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analyses. RESULTS: In all patients, preoperatively, no bleeding events were observed and the APTT did not exceed twice the normal upper limit. Thirteen cases of bleeding events, all minor bleeding, occurred after a 3-month follow-up: 3 of gingival bleeding, 3 of urinary tract bleeding, 3 conjunctival hemorrhages and 4 subcutaneous hemorrhages. The incidence of bleeding events in the low RDW group was lower than in the high RDW group (3.4 vs. 11.8%, p = 0.039). The areas under the ROC curve for RDW and APTT to predict the occurrence of bleeding events were 0.737 (cutoff point 13.25%; p < 0.05) and 0.558 (p > 0.05), respectively. CONCLUSION: RDW was associated with the occurrence of bleeding events in NVAF patients on dabigatran (110 mg twice a day) after ablation, while also being an independent predictor of bleeding events. RDW had superior predictive value for bleeding events over APTT when APTT did not exceed twice the normal upper limit.


Assuntos
Antitrombinas/administração & dosagem , Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Dabigatrana/administração & dosagem , Índices de Eritrócitos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Adulto , Idoso , Antitrombinas/efeitos adversos , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Dabigatrana/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tempo de Tromboplastina Parcial , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Curva ROC , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27475494

RESUMO

The present experiment was conducted to determine the effect and mechanism of dietary choline levels on growth performance and lipid deposition of yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco. Dietary choline was included at three levels of 239.2 (control (without extra choline addition), 1156.4 and 2273.6mg choline per kg diet, respectively) and fed to yellow catfish (mean initial weight: 3.45±0.02g mean±standard errors of mean (SEM)) for 8weeks. Fish fed the diet containing 1156.4mgkg-1 choline showed the higher weight gain (WG), specific growth rate (SGR) and feed intake (FI), but the lower feed conversion rate (FCR), than those in control and highest choline group. Hepatosomatic index (HSI) and hepatic lipid content declined with increasing dietary choline levels. Muscle lipid content was the lowest for fish fed adequate choline diets and showed no significant difference between other two groups. Choline contents in liver and muscle increased with increasing dietary choline levels. Dietary choline levels significantly influenced mRNA levels of genes involved in lipid homeostasis in muscle and liver, such as CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase a (CCTa), phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyl-transferase (PEMT), microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP), apolipoprotein b (APOBb), apolipoprotein E (ApoE) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL), and effects of dietary choline levels on lipid deposition and metabolism were tissue-specific. Different responses of these genes at the mRNA levels partially explained the profiles of lipid deposition in liver and muscle for fish fed different choline diets. To our knowledge, this is the first to explore the effect of dietary choline level on mRNA expression of these genes, which provides new insights into choline nutrition in fish.


Assuntos
Peixes-Gato/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Peixes-Gato/metabolismo , Colina/farmacologia , Dieta , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Suplementos Nutricionais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Músculos/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculos/metabolismo , Especificidade de Órgãos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26697095

RESUMO

Luoyutong (LYT) capsule has been used to treat cerebrovascular diseases clinically in China and is now patented and approved by the State Food and Drug Administration. In this retrospective validation study we investigated the ability of LYT to protect against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by reperfusion. Capsule containing LYT (high dose and medium dose) as treatment group and Citicoline Sodium as positive control treatment group were administered daily to rats 30 min after reperfusion. Treatment was continued for either 3 days or 14 days. A saline solution was administered to control animals. Behavior tests were performed after 3 and 14 days of treatment. Our findings revealed that LYT treatment improved the neurological outcome, decreased cerebral infarction volume, and reduced apoptosis. Additionally, LYT improved neural plasticity, as the expression of synaptophysin, microtubule associated protein, and myelin basic protein was upregulated by LYT treatment, while neurofilament 200 expression was reduced. Moreover, levels of brain derived neurotrophic factor and basic fibroblast growth factor were increased. Our results suggest that LYT treatment may protect against ischemic injury and improve neural plasticity.

18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 39(15): 2918-23, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25423833

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the dosage-efficacy/toxicity relationship of prepared rhubarb, in order to explore the bidirectional effects in hepatoprotection and hepatotoxicity of prepared rhubarb and the objective authenticity for attenuating toxicity by processing. METHOD: Normal and pathological animals were adopted simultaneous to investigate the effect of total extracts from prepared rhubarb within a high dose range (2.0, 5.4, 14.7, 40.0 g x kg(-1) x d(-1)) on normal state, biochemical index and histopathology of experimental animals. The factor analytic approach was used to analyze the dosage-efficacy/toxicity relationship of prepared rhubarb. RESULT: The factor analytic approach was used to extract two common factors from the nine biochemical indexes. The firs common factor was mainly dominated by HA, LN and TGF-ß1, and could be explained as fibrotic factors. The second common factor was mainly dominated by ALT, AST and ALP, and could be explained as cellular factor. The results of the factor analysis suggested that prepared rhubarb showed significant bidirectional effects in hepatoprotection and hepatotoxicity, which could protect liver in CC14 injured chronic hepatic injury, but had a certain hepatotoxic effect to normal animals. The pathological examination showed consistent results with the factor analysis. Under comparable dosages, prepared rhubarb showed a stronger liver protecting effect than crude rhubarb, with a lower toxicity. CONCLUSION: Although prepared rhubarb has a certain hepatotoxic effect to normal animals, it has also a significant therapeutic effect to animals with liver injury. The results proved the symptom-based prescription theory and the scientificity of the symptom-based medication. The symptom-based prescription theory is important to correctly realize the dosage-efficacy/toxicity relationship of traditional Chinese medicines and guide the symptom-based medication.


Assuntos
Prescrições de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Rheum/química , Testes de Toxicidade , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Fibrose , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 34(6): 698-703, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25046953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the bidirectional effect of rhubarb total anthraquinone (TA) and total tannins (TT) on rats' liver. METHODS: One hundred rats were randomly divided into 10 groups, i.e., the blank group, the model group, the blank + high dose TA group, the blank +low dose TA group, the blank + high dose TT group, the blank + low dose TT group, the model + high dose TA group, the model + low dose TA group, the model +high dose TT group, and the model + low dose TT group, 10 in each group. The carbon tetrachloride (CCI4) was used to prepare the acute liver injury rat model. TA and TT of rhubarb (at 5.40 g crude drugs/kg and 14.69 g crude drugs/kg) were intragastrically administrated to rats in all groups except the blank group and the model group, once daily for 6 successive days.The general state of rats, biochemical indices such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), laminin (LN), hyaluronic acid (HA), transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1), as well pathological results of rat liver tissues. Finally the protection laws of TA and TT for rats' liver were analyzed using factor analysis. RESULTS: Compared with the blank control group, all biochemical indices increased in the blank group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). HA also increased in the blank + high dose TA group; AST, ALT, and HA also increased in the blank +high dose TT group (P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, AST, ALT, ALP, HA, and TGF-beta1 significantly decreased in the model + low dose TA group, the model + high dose TA group, the model + low dose TT group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Serum AST, ALT, and ALP also decreased in the model + high dose TT group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Pathological results showed that mild swollen liver cells in the model + high dose TA group. Fatty degeneration and fragmental necrosis around the central veins occurred in the blank + high dose TA group. The pathological injury was inproved in the model +low dose TA group. Two common factors, liver fibrosis and liver cell injury, were extracted by using factor analysis. TA showed stronger improvement of the two common factors than TT. CONCLUSIONS: Rhubarb TA and TT showed protective and harmful effects on rats' liver. At an equivalent dosage, TA had better liver protection than TT. High dose TT played a role in liver injury to some extent.


Assuntos
Antraquinonas/farmacologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Rheum/química , Taninos/farmacologia , Animais , Antraquinonas/efeitos adversos , Tetracloreto de Carbono/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Taninos/efeitos adversos
20.
Chin J Integr Med ; 20(11): 823-8, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24474676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To discuss the correlation of tongue manifestation with the site of cerebral infarction in patients with acute cerebral infarction. METHODS: From March 2008 to February 2009, 200 cases of hospitalized patients with first unilateral cerebral infarction were chosen in the Department of Neurology, Xuanwu Hospital. The correlation of different tongue color, fur texture, fur color with the site of cerebral infarction was analyzed. RESULTS: The site of cerebral infarction in patients were compared between different tongue color by Chisquare test (P=0.314), and further correspondence analysis demonstrated that there was correlation between red tongue and cortical-subcortical infarction group. The site of cerebral infarction in patients were compared between thick fur group and thin fur group, cortical-subcortical infarction occurred more frequently in the former (P=0.0008). The site of cerebral infarction in patients were compared between dry fur group, moist fur group and smooth fur group, correspondence analysis demonstrated there was correlation between dry fur and cortical-subcortical group. The site of cerebral infarction in the patients were compared between white fur group, white-yellow fur group and yellow fur group (P=0.010), and correspondence analysis demonstrated there was correlation between white fur and brainstem infarction; white-yellow fur has relationship with cortical infarction; subcortical infarction was weakly related with white-yellow fur; there was closer relationship between yellow fur and cortical-subcortical infarction. CONCLUSION: The change of tongue manifestation was associated with the site of cerebral infarction in patients, providing a new combining site for diagnosing cerebrovascular diseases by integrative medicine.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/patologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia , Língua/patologia , Idoso , Cor , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto
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