Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 107
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
EBioMedicine ; 53: 102677, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endothelial cells (ECs) function as an instructive platform to support haematopoietic stem cell (HSC) homeostasis. Our recent studies found that impaired bone marrow (BM) ECs are responsible for the defective haematopoiesis in patients with poor graft function (PGF), which is characterised by pancytopenia post-allotransplant. Although activated autophagy was reported to benefit ECs, whether EC autophagy plays a critical role in supporting HSCs and its effect on PGF patients post-allotransplant remain unclear. METHODS: To evaluate whether the autophagy status of ECs modulates their ability to support haematopoiesis, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and primary BM ECs derived from healthy donors were subjected to knockdown or overexpression of Beclin-1 (an autophagy-related protein). Moreover, BM ECs derived from PGF patients were studied. FINDINGS: Beclin-1 knockdown significantly reduced the haematopoiesis-supporting ability of ECs by suppressing autophagy, which could be restored by activating autophagy via Beclin-1 upregulation. Moreover, autophagy positively regulated haematopoiesis-related genes in HUVECs. Subsequently, a prospective case-control study demonstrated that defective autophagy reduced Beclin-1 expression and the colony-forming unit (CFU) plating efficiency in BM ECs from PGF patients compared to matched patients with good graft function. Rapamycin, an autophagy activator, quantitatively and functionally improved BM ECs from PGF patients in vitro and enhanced their ability to support HSCs by activating the Beclin-1 pathway. INTERPRETATION: Our results suggest that the autophagy status of ECs modulates their ability to support haematopoiesis by regulating the Beclin-1 pathway. Defective autophagy in BM ECs may be involved in the pathogenesis of PGF post-allotransplant. Rapamycin provides a promising therapeutic approach for PGF patients. FUNDING: Please see funding sources.

2.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 6, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31948465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human brucellosis is a neglected public health issue in China and reports of HIV-infected individuals complicated with brucellosis are rare. This report describes the case of an HIV-infected patient complicated with brucellosis. We want to raise awareness of clinical diagnosis of brucellosis among clinicians. Furthermore, we should be more concerned about cases with pyrexia of unknown origin, especially in non-epidemic areas of brucellosis in China. CASE PRESENTATION: We encountered the case of a 31-year-old HIV-infected male with a CD4+ T lymphocyte count of approximately 300. On May 1, 2019, the patient had onset of non-specific caustic irregular fever with body temperature reaching 41.0 °C. He was admitted to two medical institutions in Yunnan with pyrexia of unknown origin. Finally, on day 7 of hospitalization in the Public Health Clinical Medical Center in Chengdu City, he was diagnosed as having brucellosis infection based on blood culture results. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first reported case of brucellosis concomitant with HIV infection in China. Laboratories in infectious disease hospitals and category A level III hospitals in the southern provinces of China should be equipped with reagents for clinical diagnosis of brucellosis and to strengthen the awareness of brucellosis diagnosis in China. Secondly, in provinces with a high incidence of AIDS and brucellosis such as Xinjiang and Henan, it is recommended to implement a joint examination strategy to ensure the early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of this infection.

3.
J Bone Miner Res ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914211

RESUMO

Bone remodeling is dynamic and is tightly regulated through bone resorption dominated by osteoclasts and bone formation dominated by osteoblasts. Imbalances in this process can cause various pathological conditions, such as osteoporosis. Bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9), a biomolecule produced and secreted by the liver, has many pharmacological effects, including anti-liver fibrosis, antitumor, anti-heart failure, and antidiabetic activities. However, the effects of BMP9 on the regulation of osteoblast and osteoclast functions and the underlying molecular mechanism(s) have not yet been investigated. In this study, BMP9 increased the expression of osteoblastogenic gene markers, such as ALP, Cola1, OCN, RUNX2, and OSX, and ALP activity in MC3T3-E1 cells by upregulating LGR6 and activating the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. BMP9 also suppressed receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast differentiation of bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) by inhibiting the Akt-NF-κB-NFATc1 pathway. More importantly, in an ovariectomy (OVX) mouse model, BMP9 attenuated bone loss and improved bone biomechanical properties in vivo by increasing bone-forming activity and suppressing bone resorption activity. Accordingly, our current work highlights the dual regulatory effects that BMP9 exerts on bone remodeling by promoting bone anabolic activity and inhibiting osteoclast differentiation in OVX mice. © 2020 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

4.
BMC Microbiol ; 19(1): 292, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842756

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human brucellosis has become a severe public health problem in China's Guangxi Province, and there has been higher prevalence of brucellosis in this region after 2010. Both multiple locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) assay schedules were used to genotype isolates and determine relationships among isolates. RESULTS: A total of 40 isolates of Brucella were obtained from humans, pigs, and dogs from 1961 to 2016. There were at least three species of Brucella detected in Guangxi Province, Brucella melitensis, Brucella suis, and Brucella canis, with 16, 17, and 7 isolates, respectively. Of which B. suis biovar 3 was the predominant species resulting in pig brucellosis in the area examined before 2000s. Moreover, B. melitensis biovar 3 was found to be mainly responsible for human brucellosis during 2012-2016. All B. melitensis isolates in this study belonged to East Mediterranean lineage. MLVA-11 genotype 116 was the dominant genotype and represented 81.2% of the isolates. MLVA cluster analysis showed there to be 44% (7/16) brucellosis cases caused by B. melitensis with a profile of outbreak epidemic from 2012 to 2016. However, nearly 83.3% (20/24) of brucellosis cases resulting from both B. suis and B. canis showed no epidemiological links or sporadic characteristics. MLVA-16 analysis confirmed extensive genotype-sharing events between B. melitensis isolates from Guangxi and other northern provinces within China. These data revealed that there are potential epidemiology links among these strains. B. suis strains of this study showed a unique genetic lineage at the global level and may have existed historically in this area. However, present B. canis isolates were closely related to previously reported isolates in Korea, where they may have originated. MLST typing showed that the population structure of Brucella strains had changed considerably in this province; ST17 and ST21, two previously predominant populations appeared to have been replaced by recently emerging ST8 group. CONCLUSIONS: Our investigation data have inspired the hypothesis that Guangxi Province had been subject to an imported human brucellosis epidemic. Our data suggest that strains found in Northern regions of China are the principal source of infections in recent cases of human brucellosis in Guangxi Province. Comparative genomic analysis from more strains is necessary to confirm this hypothesis. This work will facilitate better understanding of the epidemiology and improve the effectiveness of control and prevention of brucellosis in this region.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681165

RESUMO

Idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) patients are characterized by the absence of puberty and varying degrees of deteriorated metabolic conditions. Osteocalcin (OC) could regulate testosterone secretion and energy metabolism, but it remains unknown whether such an effect exists in IHH patients. Our study is aimed to examine the relationship between serum OC levels with testosterone and its responsiveness to gonadotropin stimulation and metabolic profiles in male IHH patients. A total of 99 male patients aged 18-37 years and diagnosed with IHH were enrolled in the current study, and the relationships between OC and testicular volume, baseline total testosterone (TT), free testosterone (FT), and peak TT (Tmax) levels after human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) stimulation, gonadotropin responsiveness index (GRI), which is calculated by dividing Tmax by testicular volume, as well as metabolic profiles, such as 2-h post-challenge glucose (2hPG) and fat percentage (fat%), were analyzed. The results showed that OC had an independent negative relationship with testicular volume (r = -0.253, P = 0.012) and a positive association with Tmax (r = 0.262, P = 0.014) after adjusting for confounders. In addition, OC was a major determinant of GRI (adjusted R 2 for the model = 0.164, P = 0.012), fat% (adjusted R 2 for the model = 0.100, P = 0.004), and 2hPG (adjusted R 2 for the model = 0.054, P = 0.013) in IHH patients. In conclusion, OC is associated with testosterone secretion upon gonadotropin stimulation, glucose metabolism, and fat mass variations in IHH. This study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02310074).

6.
Microbiol Resour Announc ; 8(33)2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416882

RESUMO

Human brucellosis has become the most severe public health problem in the Ulanqab region of Inner Mongolia, China. Brucella melitensis BMWS93 was obtained from a blood sample taken from a bank clerk in the Ulanqab region of Inner Mongolia, China, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing in vitro showed no zone of inhibition, which confirmed resistance to rifampin. Therefore, whole-genome sequencing of this isolate was performed to better understand the mechanism of this resistance.

7.
Virol J ; 16(1): 90, 2019 07 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nelson Bay orthoreovirus (NBV) was first isolated over 40 years ago from a fruit bat in Australia. Normally, NBV does not cause human diseases, but recently several NBV strains have been associated with human respiratory tract infections, thus attracting clinical attention. Autophagy, an evolutionarily conserved process in eukaryotic cells, degrades intracellular substrates, participates in multiple physiological processes, and maintains cellular homeostasis. In addition, autophagy is intimately involved in viral infection. METHODS: A new strain of NBV, isolated from a patient with a respiratory tract infection who returned to Japan from Bali, Indonesia, in 2007, was used in this study. NBV was rescued using a reverse genetics system involving cotransfection of BHK cells with 11 plasmids (pT7-L1 MB, pT7-L2 MB, pT7-L3 MB, pT7-M1 MB, pT7-M2 MB, pT7-M3 MB, pT7-S1 MB, pT7-S2 MB, pT7-S3 MB, pT7-S4 MB, and pcDNA3.1-T7), yielding NBV-MB. Recovered viruses were confirmed by immunofluorescence. The effect of NBV-MB on autophagy was evaluated by measuring the LC3-I/II proteins by immunoblot analysis after infection of BHK cells. Furthermore, after treatment with rapamycin (RAPA), 3-methyladenine (3-MA), chloroquine (CQ), or plasmid (GFP-LC3) transfection, the changes in expression of the LC3 gene and the amount of LC3-I/II protein were examined. In addition, variations in viral titer were assayed after treatment of BHK cells with drugs or after transfection with plasmids pCAGM3 and pCAGS3, which encode virus nonstructural proteins µNS and σNS, respectively. RESULTS: NBV-MB infection induced autophagy in host cells; however, the level of induction was dependent on viral replication. Induction of autophagy increased viral replication. By contrast, inhibiting autophagy suppressed NBV replication, albeit not significantly. The NBV-MB nonstructural protein µNS was involved in the induction of autophagy with viral infection. CONCLUSIONS: NBV-MB infection triggered autophagy. Also, the NBV nonstructural protein µNS may contribute to augmentation of autophagy upon viral infection.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos , Orthoreovirus/fisiologia , Replicação Viral , Linhagem Celular , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Infecções por Reoviridae/virologia , Genética Reversa , Carga Viral , Proteínas Virais/genética
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220519

RESUMO

The level of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) decreases in Parkinson's disease (PD), and its reduction has been reported to be involved in many age-associated neurodegenerative pathologies. Thus, we investigated whether NAD replenishment is beneficial in a 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced mouse model of PD. Preinjection with NAD in the striatum ameliorated motor deficits and dopaminergic neuronal damage in the substantia nigra and striatum of a mouse model of PD. Moreover, preincubation with NAD protected PC12 cells against the loss of cell viability, morphological damage, oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction caused by 6-OHDA. These results add credence to the beneficial role of NAD against parkinsonian neurodegeneration in mouse models of PD, provide evidence for the potential of NAD for the prevention of PD, and suggest that NAD prevents pathological changes in PD via decreasing mitochondrial dysfunctions.

9.
J Biosci Bioeng ; 128(5): 525-528, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31178168

RESUMO

Illigera aromatica was fermented by Clonostachys rogersoniana. The acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory effects of unfermented and fermented I. aromatica revealed that C. rogersoniana-fermented I. aromatica (CFIA) induced significantly more AChE inhibitory activity (IC50: 35.4 ± 2.1 µg/mL). The biotransformation of actinodaphnine (1) into (4R,6aS)-4-hydroxyactinodaphnine (2) was found during the fermentation, which played an important role in the improvement of the AChE inhibitory activity of I. aromatica. Subsequently, the fermentation conditions-including the solid-liquid ratio, fermentation temperature, and fermentation time-were optimized. I. aromatica immersed in 100-200% water and fermented with C. rogersoniana at ambient temperature for 30 days was conducive to the biotransformation of actinodaphnine (1) and improved the AChE inhibitory activity of I. aromatica. The present study provides a novel approach for improving the pharmacological effect of I. aromatica and suggests that CFIA may be used as an alternative AChE inhibitor.


Assuntos
Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Fermentação , Hernandiaceae/química , Hypocreales/metabolismo , Inibidores da Colinesterase/metabolismo , Hernandiaceae/metabolismo
10.
Endocr Pract ; 25(6): 534-544, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30865546

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the characteristics of patients with pituitary stalk thickening, analyze the association between pituitary stalk width and hypopituitarism, and develop a diagnostic model to differentiate neoplastic and inflammatory origins. Methods: A total of 325 patients with pituitary stalk thickening in a tertiary teaching hospital between January 2012 and February 2018 were enrolled. Basic characteristics and hormonal status were evaluated. Indicators to predict etiology in patients with histologic diagnoses were analyzed. Results: Of the 325 patients, 62.5% were female. Deficiency in gonadotropin was most common, followed by corticotropin, growth hormone, and thyrotropin. The increase in pituitary stalk width was associated with a risk of central diabetes insipidus (odds ratio [OR], 3.57; P<.001) and with a combination of central diabetes insipidus and anterior pituitary deficiency (OR, 2.28; P = .029). The cut-off pituitary stalk width of 4.75 mm had a sensitivity of 69.2% and a specificity of 71.4% for the presence of central diabetes insipidus together with anterior pituitary deficiency. Six indicators (central diabetes insipidus, pattern of pituitary stalk thickening, pituitary stalk width, neutrophilic granulocyte percentage, serum sodium level, and gender) were used to develop a model having an accuracy of 95.7% to differentiate neoplastic from inflammatory causes. Conclusion: Pituitary stalk width could indicate the presence of anterior pituitary dysfunction, especially in central diabetes insipidus patients. With the use of a diagnostic model, the neoplastic and inflammatory causes of pituitary stalk thickening could be preliminarily differentiated. Abbreviations: APD = anterior pituitary dysfunction; AUC = area under the curve; CDI = central diabetes insipidus; GH = growth hormone; MRI = magnetic resonance imaging; OR = odd ratio; PHBS = posterior hypophyseal bright spots; PST = pituitary stalk thickening; PSW = pituitary stalk width.


Assuntos
Diabetes Insípido Neurogênico , Hipopituitarismo , Doenças da Hipófise , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Hipófise
11.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 54(9): 1419-1433, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30683906

RESUMO

Macrophages (MΦs) are an important immune cell population that are essential for tissue homeostasis and disease pathogenesis. MΦs are now classified as either M1, which produce pro-inflammatory cytokines, or M2, which produce antiinflammatory cytokines. The impact of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on MΦs in humans is unclear. Moreover, little is known about the association between MΦ subsets in allografts and the occurrence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) in patients who undergo allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). In the current study, we found that the M1/M2 ratio was markedly decreased in both G-CSF-treated bone marrow (post-BM) and G-CSF-treated peripheral blood from healthy donors. Post-BM MΦs exhibited reduced migration and increased phagocytosis. Moreover, post-BM MΦs reduced the percentage of Th1 and Tc1 lineages and increased the percentage of Th2, Tc2, and Treg lineages. Patients who received BM grafts with a higher M1/M2 ratio exhibited a higher incidence of grade 2-4 aGVHD. In summary, our data indicate that G-CSF decreases the M1/M2 ratio in BM grafts from healthy donors, which may contribute to preventing the occurrence of grade 2-4 aGVHD in patients after allo-HSCT.

12.
Exp Neurol ; 313: 109-123, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30586593

RESUMO

Exposure to chronic stress can produce maladaptive neurobiological changes in pathways associated with pain processing, which may cause stress-induced hyperalgesia (SIH). However, the underlying mechanisms still remain largely unknown. In previous studies, we have reported that the amygdala is involved in chronic forced swim (FS) stress-induced depressive-like behaviors and the exacerbation of neuropathic pain in rats, of which, the basolateral amygdala (BLA) and the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) are shown to play important roles in the integration of affective and sensory information including nociception. Here, using in vivo multichannel recording from rostal anterior cingulate cortex (rACC) and BLA, we found that chronic FS stress (CFSS) could increase the pain sensitivity of rats in response to low intensity innoxious stimuli (LIS) and high intensity noxious stimuli (HNS) imposed upon the hindpaw, validating the occurrence of SIH in stressed rats. Moreover, we discovered that CFSS not only induced an increased activity of rACC neuronal population but also produced an augmented field potential power (FPP) of rACC local field potential (LFP), especially in low frequency theta band as well as in high frequency low gamma band ranges, both at the baseline state and under LIS and HNS conditions. In addition, by using a cross-correlation method and a partial directed coherence (PDC) algorithm to analyze the LFP oscillating activity in rACC and BLA, we demonstrated that CFSS could substantially promote the synchronization between rACC and BLA regions, and also enhanced the neural information flow from rACC to BLA. We conclude that exposure of chronic FS stress to rats could result in an increased activity of rACC neuronal population and promote the functional connectivity and the synchronization between rACC and BLA regions, and also enhance the pain-related neural information flow from rACC to BLA, which likely underlie the pathogenesis of SIH.


Assuntos
Complexo Nuclear Basolateral da Amígdala/fisiopatologia , Giro do Cíngulo/fisiopatologia , Vias Neurais/fisiopatologia , Neuralgia/fisiopatologia , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia , Animais , Ritmo beta , Doença Crônica , Hiperalgesia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Limiar da Dor , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Natação/psicologia , Ritmo Teta
13.
EBioMedicine ; 40: 56-66, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30528454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parathyroid hormone related protein (PTHrP) triggers white adipose tissue (WAT) browning and cachexia in lung cancer mouse models. It remains unknown whether excessive PTH secretion affects WAT browning and to what extent it contributes to body weight change in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). METHODS: Using the adeno-associated virus injection, Pth gene over-expressed mice mimicking PHPT were firstly established to observe their WAT browning and body weight alteration. The association between PTH and body weight was investigated in 496 PHPT patients. The adipose browning activities of 20 PHPT and 60 control subjects were measured with PET/CT scanning. FINDINGS: Elevated plasma PTH triggered adipose tissue browning, leading to increased energy expenditure, reduced fat content, and finally decreased body weight in PHPT mice. Higher circulating PTH levels were associated with lower body weight (ß = -0.048, P = .0003) independent of renal function, serum calcium, phosphorus,and albumin levels in PHPT patients. PHPT patients exhibited both higher prevalence of detectable brown/beige adipose tissue (20% vs 3.3%, P = .03) and increased browning activities (SUV in cervical adipose was 0.77 vs 0.49,P = .02) compared with control subjects. INTERPRETATION: Elevated serum PTH drove WAT browning program, which contributed in part to body weight loss in both PHPT mice and patients. These results give insights into the novel pathological effect of PTH and are of importance in understanding the metabolic changes of PHPT. FUND: This research is supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China and National Natural Science Foundation of China.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo Marrom/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo Branco/metabolismo , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/metabolismo , Perda de Peso , Tecido Adiposo Marrom/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Adiposo Branco/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Dependovirus/genética , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Humanos , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/diagnóstico , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Consumo de Oxigênio , Hormônio Paratireóideo/genética , Hormônio Paratireóideo/metabolismo , Hormônio Paratireóideo/farmacologia , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Ratos
14.
Neural Plast ; 2018: 6109723, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30534151

RESUMO

Mechanisms underlying remifentanil- (RF-) induced hyperalgesia, a phenomenon that is generally named as opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH), still remain elusive. The ventral posterior lateral nucleus (VPL) of the thalamus, a key relay station for the transmission of nociceptive information to the cerebral cortex, is activated by RF infusion. Electroacupuncture (EA) is an effective method for the treatment of pain. This study aimed to explore the role of VPL in the development of OIH and the effect of EA treatment on OIH in rats. RF was administered to rats via the tail vein for OIH induction. Paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) in response to mechanical stimuli and paw withdrawal latency (PWL) to thermal stimulation were tested in rats for the assessment of mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia, respectively. Spontaneous neuronal activity and local field potential (LFP) in VPL were recorded in freely moving rats using the in vivo multichannel recording technique. EA at 2 Hz frequency (pulse width 0.6 ms, 1-3 mA) was applied to the bilateral acupoints "Zusanli" (ST.36) and "Sanyinjiao" (SP.6) in rats. The results showed that both the PWT and PWL were significantly decreased after RF infusion to rats. Meanwhile, both the spontaneous neuronal firing rate and the theta band oscillation in VPL LFP were increased on day 3 post-RF infusion, indicating that the VPL may promote the development of RF-induced hyperalgesia by regulating the pain-related cortical activity. Moreover, 2 Hz-EA reversed the RF-induced decrease both in PWT and PWL of rats and also abrogated the RF-induced augmentation of the spontaneous neuronal activity and the power spectral density (PSD) of the theta band oscillation in VPL LFP. These results suggested that 2 Hz-EA attenuates the remifentanil-induced hyperalgesia via reducing the excitability of VPL neurons and the low-frequency (theta band) oscillation in VPL LFP.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura/métodos , Hiperalgesia/induzido quimicamente , Hiperalgesia/terapia , Núcleos Laterais do Tálamo/fisiologia , Remifentanil/toxicidade , Núcleos Ventrais do Tálamo/fisiologia , Analgésicos Opioides/toxicidade , Animais , Hiperalgesia/fisiopatologia , Núcleos Laterais do Tálamo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Dor/induzido quimicamente , Dor/fisiopatologia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Resultado do Tratamento , Núcleos Ventrais do Tálamo/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
Front Vet Sci ; 5: 271, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30420955

RESUMO

Brucellosis is an endemic disease in China affecting both humans and livestock. The aim of the present study was to analyze two Brucella strains isolated from sheep spleens from Ulanqab in Inner Mongolia, China using classical and molecular typing techniques. The two strains were identified as Brucella suis biovar 3 and were closely related to isolates previously obtained from two different hosts (human and swine) in Guangxi Province. Our results suggest that B. suis can be directly or indirectly transferred from swine to sheep, which act as reservoirs for B. suis infection and later transmitted to humans. Multiple locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) is a useful tool for tracing the geographical origin of brucellosis infections and elucidating its transmission patterns.

16.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(4): 540-545, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30378306

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) on myocardial injury in sepsis rats, and to explore the possible mechanism of H2 S on myocardial injury induced by sepsis. METHODS: Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) method was used to establish sepsis rat model. SD rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: sham operation group, sham operation + exogenous H2 S donor sodium thiohydride group, pseudosurgery +H2 S synthase cthioether-ether lyase (cystathionine-γ-lyase, CSE) inhibitor propargylglycine (propargylglycine, PAG) group, CLP model group, CLP model +NaHS group, CLP model +PAG group, 24 rats in each group. Blood and myocardial specimens were collected from the subgroups of COP for 6 h, 12 h and 24 h, respectively. Serum myocardial calcitonin I (cTnI) level, TNF-α, IL-10 were detected, and the pathological changes were observed by HE staining of rat myocardial tissue. The expression of CSE mRNA in cardiomyocytes was detected by RT-PCR, Western blot assay was used to detect the expression of cardiac transcription factor NF-κB in rats. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in each group and time point of sham operation groups. Compared to the sham 12 h, 24 h group, the concentration of cTnI in serum, and pathological scores of myocardial tissue increased gradually (P<0.05) in the CLP 12 h and 24 h group. Compared to the CLP 12 h, 24 h group, in the CLP + NaHS 12 h, 24 h group, the concentration of cTnI in serum, and pathological scores of myocardial tissue, the expression of NF-κB, the level of TNF-α decreased and the expression of CSE mRNA and the level of IL-10 increased (P<0.05); in the CLP + PAG 12 h, 24 h group, the concentration of cTnI in serum, and pathological scores of myocardial tissue, the expression of NF-κB, the level of TNF-α increased gradually (P<0.05); and the expression of CSE mRNA and the level of IL-10 increased (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: H2 S plays a protective role in sepsis-induced myocardial injury, and the possible mechanism of this protective effect maybe by inhibiting the expression of NF-κB, reducing the content of TNF-α and improving the content of IL-10 in myocardial tissue.


Assuntos
Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Sepse/metabolismo , Animais , Calcitonina/sangue , Interleucina-10/sangue , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
17.
Front Mol Neurosci ; 11: 343, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30319352

RESUMO

Osteoblasts derived osteocalcin (OCN) is recently reported to be involved in dopaminergic neuronal development. As dopaminergic neuronal injury in the substantia nigra (SN) is a pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD), we investigated whether OCN could exert protective effects on 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced PD rat model. Our data showed that the OCN level in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in PD rat models was significantly lower than that in controls. Intervention with OCN could improve the behavioral dysfunction in PD rat models and reduce the tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) loss in the nigrostriatal system. In addition, OCN could inhibit the astrocyte and microglia proliferation in the SN of PD rats. In vitro studies showed that OCN significantly ameliorated the neurotoxicity of 6-OHDA through the AKT/GSK3ß signaling pathway. In summary, OCN plays a protective role against parkinsonian neurodegeneration in the PD rat model, suggesting a potential therapeutic use of OCN in PD.

18.
Sci Signal ; 11(552)2018 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30327410

RESUMO

Cancer-associated pain is debilitating. Understanding the mechanisms that cause it can inform drug development that may improve quality of life in patients. Here, we found that the reduced abundance of potassium channels called TRESK in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons sensitized nociceptive sensory neurons and cancer-associated pain. Overexpressing TRESK in DRG neurons suppressed tumor-induced neuronal hyperexcitability and pain hypersensitivity in bone metastasis model rats, whereas knocking down TRESK increased neuronal hyperexcitability and pain hypersensitivity in normal rats. Mechanistically, tumor-associated production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) activated the receptor VEGFR2 on DRGs, which increased the abundance of the calcineurin inhibitor DSCR1, which, in turn, decreased calcineurin-mediated activation of the transcription factor NFAT, thereby reducing the transcription of the gene encoding TRESK. Intrathecal application of exogenous calcineurin to tumor-bearing rats rescued TRESK abundance and abrogated both DRG hyperexcitability and pain hypersensitivity, whereas either inhibition or knockdown of calcineurin in normal rats reduced TRESK abundance and increased DRG excitability and pain sensitivity. These findings identify a potentially targetable mechanism that may cause bone metastasis-associated pain in cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Calcineurina/metabolismo , Dor do Câncer/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio/metabolismo , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/metabolismo , Animais , Comportamento Animal , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Dor do Câncer/terapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Gânglios Espinais/citologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica , Nociceptores/metabolismo , Peptídeos/química , Potássio/química , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
19.
Br J Haematol ; 182(5): 679-692, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29974948

RESUMO

Poor graft function (PGF) is a severe complication of allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Murine studies have demonstrated that effective haematopoiesis depends on the specific bone marrow (BM) microenvironment. Increasing evidence shows that BM macrophages (MФs), which constitute an important component of BM immune microenvironment, are indispensable for the regulation of haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in the BM. However, little is known about the number and function of BM MФs or whether they directly interact with HSCs in PGF patients. In the current prospective case-control study, PGF patients showed a significant increase in classically activated inflammatory MФs (M1; 2·18 ± 0·11% vs. 0·82 ± 0·06%, P < 0·0001), a striking reduction in alternatively activated anti-inflammatory MФs (M2; 3·02 ± 0·31% vs. 21·89 ± 0·90%, P < 0·0001), resulting in a markedly increased M1/M2 ratio (0·82 ± 0·06 vs. 0·06 ± 0·002; P < 0·0001) in the BM compared with good graft function patients. Meanwhile, standard monocyte subsets were altered in PGF patients. Dysfunctional BM MФs, which were characterized by reduced proliferation, migration and phagocytosis, were evident in PGF patients. Furthermore, BM MФs from PGF patients with high tumour necrosis factor-α and interleukin 12 levels and low transforming growth factor-ß levels, led to impaired BM CD34+ cell function. In summary, our data indicate that an unbalanced BM M1/M2 ratio and dysfunctional MФs may contribute to the occurrence of PGF following allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea/patologia , Microambiente Celular , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Macrófagos/patologia , Monócitos/patologia , Transplantes/fisiopatologia , Células da Medula Óssea/patologia , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Fagocitose , Transplante Homólogo
20.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(32): 20756-20765, 2018 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29989120

RESUMO

Adenine, a DNA base, exists as several tautomers and isomers that are closely lying in energy and that may form a mixture upon vaporization of solid adenine. Indeed, it is challenging to bring adenine into the gas phase, especially as a unique tautomer. The experimental conditions were tuned to prepare a jet-cooled canonical adenine (9H-adenine). This isolated DNA base was ionized by single VUV photons from a synchrotron beamline and the corresponding slow photoelectron spectrum was compared to ab initio computations of the neutral and ionic species. We report the vibronic structure of the X+ 2A'' (D0), A+ 2A' (D1) and B+ 2A'' (D2) electronic states of the 9H adenine cation, from the adiabatic ionization energy (AIE) up to AIE + 1.8 eV. Accurate AIEs are derived for the 9H-adenine (X[combining tilde] 1A') + hν → 9H-adenine+ (X+ 2A'', A+ 2A', B+ 2A'') + e- transitions. Close to the AIE, we fully assign the rich vibronic structure solely to the 9H-adenine (X 1A') + hν → 9H-adenine+ (X+ 2A'') transition. Importantly, we show that the lowest cationic electronic states of canonical adenine are coupled vibronically. The present findings are important for understanding the effects of ionizing radiation and the charge distribution on this elementary building block of life, at ultrafast, short, and long timescales.


Assuntos
Adenina/química , Cátions , Isomerismo , Cinética , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Transição de Fase , Processos Fotoquímicos , Fenômenos Físicos , Teoria Quântica , Termodinâmica
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA