Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.040
Filtrar
1.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(2): 494-499, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812420

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA-TUC338 on the proliferation and migration of lymphoma cells. METHODS: The expression of TUC338 in different lymphoma cells was detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR, cell proliferation by sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay, migration of lymphoma cells by transwell assay, and protein expression in PI3K/AKT signaling pathway by Western blot. RESULTS: The expression levels of TUC338 in lymphoma cells Daudi, U937, BC-3, and Raji significantly increased in comparison with human normal T lymphocytes H9 (t=13.277, 10.103, 16.200, and 26.687, P=0.002, 0.005, 0.001, and 0.000). Compared with NC-siRNA group, the number of cells crossing the chamber of TUC338-siRNA group was significantly reduced (t=30.508, P=0.000), the protein expression levels of p-PI3K and p-AKT significantly decreased (t=16.872 and 18.371, P=0.000 and 0.000), and OD530 absorbance values at 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h were significantly lower (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The expression of TUC338 significantly increases in lymphoma cells, and silence of TUC338 effectively inhibits the activation of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and migration of lymphoma cells, which has a potential application value in diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma.


Assuntos
RNA Longo não Codificante , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transdução de Sinais
2.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(2): 596-620, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812437

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detecte the carrying rate, the type and distribution of α-Thalassemia gene mutation in Honghe Prefecture, Yunnan Province, and analyze the differences in average erythrocyte volume (MCV), mean erythrocyte hemoglobin content (MCH) and hemoglobin among different types of α-Thalassemia. METHODS: The DNA samples from small cell hypochromic carriers or anemia patients and women of childbearing age who underwent hematological screening in The First People's Hospital of Honghe State was from 2015 to 2019 were enrolled and analyzed, and the mutation types and frequency of alpha-thalassemia positive rate were diagnosed by PCR reverse dot blot or PCR fluorescence dissolution curve. RESULTS: Among the 1 016 samples, 141(13.88%) of the patients were diagnosed as α-thalassemia. The α-thalassemia was subdivided into 3 types, silent (36.17%), minor (51.77%), and HbH disease (12.06%), and the MCV, MCH and HB levels were detected and showed a obvious decrease trend with significant difference (P < 0.05). The gene mutation types were 9 kinds, the deletion type gene was mainly --SEA (51.06%), followed by -α3.7/αα deletion (29.79%), the α- mutation type gene was mainly αcsα(3.55%). The absence of complex heterozygote was most common, which was 17 cases, accounting for 12.77%, mainly --SEA/-α3.7 (10.64%). The areas were mainly distributed in Mengzi (47.52%), followed by Jinping (17.02%). Ethnic groups were mainly distributed in Han nationality (49.65%), followed by Zhuang (15.60%), Yi (3.48%) and Dai (7.09%). The patients with double heterozygous mutation was slightly higher in Mengzi than that in Jinping County (4.26% vs 3.55%), the Dai (2.13%) showed Zhuang ethnic group (2.13%) had the relatively high incidence except the Hans, and showed the most serious anemia. CONCLUSION: Alpha-thalassemia in Honghe prefecture of Yunnan Province shows complex genetic diversity and significant genetic heterogeneity, and the mainly type of gene mutation is --SEA and --SEA/-α3.7, which is mainly distributed in Han, Zhuang and Dai ethnic groups in Mengzi, Jinping. The anemia index of HbH group is the most obvious, and it is significantly different from other groups.


Assuntos
Talassemia alfa , Talassemia beta , China , Feminino , Genótipo , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Mutação , Talassemia alfa/genética
3.
Molecules ; 26(6)2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802069

RESUMO

The conversion of CO2 into more synthetically flexible CO is an effective and potential method for CO2 remediation, utilization and carbon emission reduction. In this paper, the reaction of carbon-carbon dioxide (the Boudouard reaction) was performed in a microwave fixed bed reactor using semi-coke (SC) as both the microwave absorber and reactant and was systematically compared with that heated in a conventional thermal field. The effects of the heating source, SC particle size, CO2 flow rate and additives on CO2 conversion and CO output were investigated. By microwave heating (MWH), CO2 conversion reached more than 99% while by conventional heating (CH), the maximum conversion of CO2 was approximately 29% at 900 °C. Meanwhile, for the reaction with 5 wt% barium carbonate added as a promoter, the reaction temperature was significantly reduced to 750 °C with an almost quantitative conversion of CO2. Further kinetic calculations showed that the apparent activation energy of the reaction under microwave heating was 46.3 kJ/mol, which was only one-third of that observed under conventional heating. The microwave-assisted Boudouard reaction with catalytic barium carbonate is a promising method for carbon dioxide utilization.

4.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 10(1): 45, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of discharge COVID-19 patients with recurrent positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA is challenging. However, there are fewer scientific dissertations about the risk of recurrent positive. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between SARS-COV-2 RNA positive duration (SPD) and the risk of recurrent positive. METHODS: This case-control multi-center study enrolled participants from 8 Chinese hospital including 411 participants (recurrent positive 241). Using unadjusted and multivariate-adjusted logistic regression analyses, generalized additive model with a smooth curve fitting, we evaluated the associations between SPD and risk of recurrent positive. Besides, subgroup analyses were performed to explore the potential interactions. RESULTS: Among recurrent positive patients, there were 121 females (50.2%), median age was 50 years old [interquartile range (IQR): 38-63]. In non-adjusted model and adjusted model, SPD was associated with an increased risk of recurrent positive (fully-adjusted model: OR = 1.05, 95% CI: 1.02-1.08, P = 0.001); the curve fitting was not significant (P = 0.286). Comparing with SPD < 14 days, the risk of recurrent positive in SPD > 28 days was risen substantially (OR = 3.09, 95% CI: 1.44-6.63, P = 0.004). Interaction and stratified analyses showed greater effect estimates of SPD and risk of recurrent positive in the hypertension, low monocyte count and percentage patients (P for interaction = 0.008, 0.002, 0.036, respectively). CONCLUSION: SPD was associated with a higher risk of recurrent positive and especially SPD > 28 day had a two-fold increase in the relative risk of re-positive as compared with SPD < 14 day. What's more, the risk may be higher among those with hypertension and lower monocyte count or percentage.

5.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 10(1): 46, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is an infectious-allergic zoonotic disease caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella. Early diagnosis is the key to preventing, treating, and controlling brucellosis. Fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPA) is a new immunoassay for relatively rapid and accurate detection of antibodies or antigens based on antigen-antibody interaction. However, there is no report on FPA-based detection of human brucellosis in China. Therefore, this study is to evaluate the value of FPA for the diagnosis of human brucellosis in China. METHODS: We recruited 320 suspected brucellosis cases who had the clinical symptoms and epidemiological risk factors between January and December, 2019. According to China Guideline for Human Brucellosis Diagnosis, the Rose Bengal test (RBT) was used for the screening test, and the serum agglutination test (SAT) was used as the confirmatory test. Brucellosis was confirmed only if the results of both tests were positive. Additionally, FPA and enzyme linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA) were compared with SAT, and their sensitivity, specificity, coincidence rate and consistency coefficient (Kappa value) as diagnostic tests were analyzed individually and in combination. The optimal cut-off value of FPA was also determined using the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: The optimum cut-off value of FPA was determined to be 88.5 millipolarization (mP) units, with a sensitivity of 94.5% and specificity of 100.0%. Additionally, the coincidence rate with the SAT test was 96.6%, and the Kappa value (0.9) showed excellent consistency. The sensitivity and specificity of FPA and ELISA combined were higher at 98.0% and 100.0% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: When the cut-off value of FPA test is set at 88.5 mP, it has high value for the diagnosis of brucellosis. Additionally, when FPA and ELISA are combined, the sensitivity of diagnosis is significantly improved. Thus, FPA may have potential in the future as a diagnostic method for human brucellosis in China.

6.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125697, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823481

RESUMO

Except the good separation performance, the membranes used for oil-water mixture separation should be fabricated with as little wastewater produced as possible. Thus, we proposed a green tactic--water vapor induced phase inversion to prepare the high-strength and superhydrophilic/underwater superoleophobic nonwoven fabric-based cotton/PA6/PAN membranes which is based on the polymer/solvent/nonsolvent ternary system analysis. Differing from adding additives in polymer solution or coagulation bath, above proposed strategy has an "subtractive effect" with the advantages of constructing three-dimensional porous structure and greatly reducing the organic wastewater produced during preparation process. Moreover, the obtained cotton/PA6/PAN membranes exhibited unexpected performances for separating oil-in-water emulsions. An ultrahigh permeation flux of up to 478,000 L m-2 h-1 bar-1 with a separation efficiency of > 99.9% was obtained under the driving pressure of 1.6 KPa, which was one order of magnitude higher than the conventional separation membranes with similar properties. In addition, it is surprising that the cotton/PA6/PAN membranes can also extract water from the slick oil/water immiscible mixture. Therefore, it is expected that the cotton/PA6/PAN membranes can be used in practical oily wastewater purification.

7.
Hepatol Int ; 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33826043

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess efficacy and safety of anlotinib as a first- or second-line treatment for advanced or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma (aHCC) and to identify the predictive plasma cytokines on efficacy of anlotinib. METHODS: It was a phase II clinical study. Patients with aHCC were recruited from October 2016 to April 2019 and divided into two cohorts according to previous tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) therapy. Those without or with prior TKIs were in Cohort 1 or 2, respectively. All patients took anlotinib (12 mg/day, Day1-14, 3 weeks per cycle). The primary endpoint was 12-week progression-free survival (PFS) rate. Relationship between the series plasma cytokine level and the efficacy of anlotinib was analyzed. RESULTS: Enrolled 26 patients in Cohort 1 and 24 in Cohort 2. In Cohort 1, the 12-week PFS rate was 80.8% [95% confidence interval (CI); 59.8%-91.5%] and median time to progression (TTP) was 5.9 months (95% CI 4.8-6.9). In Cohort 2, the 12-week PFS rate and median TTP was 72.5% (95% CI 48.7%-86.6%) and 4.6 months (95% CI 2.7-10.0), respectively. The median TTP on patients with a baseline plasma level of CXCL1 (C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 1) less than 7.6 ng/µl was significantly longer in both cohorts. The most common grade 3-5 adverse events were hypertension (8%), diarrhea (8%) and hand-foot syndrome (6%). CONCLUSION: Anlotinib showed promising efficacy and safety as a first- or second-line treatment with a continuous TKIs treatment strategy in aHCC. The plasma CXCL1 might be a predictor for the efficacy of anlotinib.

8.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33818661

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES AND STUDY: Endoscopic assessments of disease activity are important to diagnose and evaluate treatment responses in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). However, the invasiveness of endoscopy limits the application of this technique in routine examination. Thus, interest has been increasing in identifying noninvasive surrogate markers to predict endoscopic CD activity. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed pediatric patients with new-onset CD from January 2013 to December 2018 at Zhejiang University Affiliated Children's Hospital. The disease severity was scored according to the Crohn's Disease Endoscopic Index of Severity (CDEIS). Routine blood tests were determined individually. Clinical activity was assessed based on the Pediatric Crohn's Disease Activity Index (PCDAI). RESULTS: A total of 91 patients with CD had undergone one or more ileocolonoscopies (n = 146), the mean CDEIS for all the pediatric patients with CD was 7.0 (95% CI 5.7-8.2), and the mean PCDAI was 20.9 (95% CI 18.3-23.5). Pearson's linear analysis of the CDEIS and PCDAI in pediatric patients with CD showed a moderate correlation (r = 0.508, P < 0.001). Weak correlations were found between the PCDAI and CDEIS at the first diagnosis (r = 0.408, P < 0.001) and after completing induction therapy (r = 0.286, P < 0.05). Routine blood tests also did not correlate well with the CDEIS. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified weak correlations between the PCDAI and CDEIS in assessing pediatric patients with CD severity both at first diagnosis and after induction therapy. A comprehensive assessment of PCDAI, CDEIS and multiple laboratory factors should be performed at diagnosis and during the follow-up of patients with CD.

9.
Front Immunol ; 12: 614436, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790892

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) caused a global pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which elicits a wide variety of symptoms, ranging from mild to severe, with the potential to lead to death. Although used as the standard method to screen patients for SARS-CoV-2 infection, real-time PCR has challenges in dealing with asymptomatic patients and those with an undetectable viral load. Serological tests are therefore considered potent diagnostic tools to complement real-time PCR-based diagnosis and are used for surveillance of seroprevalence in populations. However, the dynamics of the antibody response against SARS-CoV-2 currently remain to be investigated. Here, through analysis of plasma samples from 84 patients with COVID-19, we observed that the response of virus-specific antibodies against three important antigens, RBD, N and S, dynamically changed over time and reached a peak 5-8 weeks after the onset of symptoms. The antibody responses were irrespective of sex. Severe cases were found to have higher levels of antibody response, larger numbers of inflammatory cells and C-reactive protein levels. Within the mild/moderate cases, pairwise comparison indicated moderate association between anti-RBD vs. anti-N, anti-RBD vs. anti-S1S2, and anti-N vs. anti-S1S2. Furthermore, the majority of cases could achieve IgM and IgG seroconversion at 2 weeks since the disease onset. Analysis of neutralizing antibodies indicated that these responses were able to last for more than 112 days but decline significantly after the peak. In summary, our findings demonstrate the longitudinally dynamic changes in antibody responses against SARS-CoV-2, which can contribute to the knowledge of humoral immune response after SARS-CoV-2 infection and are informative for future development of vaccine and antibody-based therapies.

10.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2021: 6677821, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791254

RESUMO

Purpose. To compare the diagnostic value of texture analysis- (TA-) derived parameters from out-of-phase T1W, in-phase T1W, and T2W images in the classification of the early stage of liver fibrosis. Methods. Patients clinically diagnosed with hepatitis B infection, who underwent liver biopsy and noncontrast MRI scans, were enrolled. TA parameters were extracted from out-of-phase T1-weighted (T1W), in-phase T1W, and T2-weighted (T2W) images and calculated using Artificial Intelligent Kit (AK). Features were extracted including first-order, shape, gray-level cooccurrence matrix, gray-level run-length matrix, neighboring gray one tone difference matrix, and gray-level differential matrix. After statistical analyses, final diagnostic models were constructed. Receiver operating curves (ROCs) and areas under the ROC (AUCs) were used to assess the diagnostic value of each final model and 100-time repeated cross-validation was applied to assess the stability of the logistic regression models. Results. A total of 57 patients were enrolled in this study, with 27 in the fibrosis stage < 2 and 30 in stages ≥ 2. Overall, 851 features were extracted per ROI. Eight features with high correlation were selected by the maximum relevance method in each sequence, and all had a good diagnostic performance. ROC analysis of the final models showed that all sequences had a preferable performance with AUCs of 0.87, 0.90, and 0.96 in T2W and in-phase and out-of-phase T1W, respectively. Cross-validation results reported the following values of mean accuracy, specificity, and sensitivity: 0.98 each for out-of-phase T1W; 0.90, 0.89, and 0.90 for in-phase T1W; and 0.86, 0.88, 0.84 for T2W in the training set, and 0.76, 0.81, and 0.72 for out-of-phase T1W; 0.74, 0.72, and 0.75 for in-phase T1W; and 0.63, 0.64, and 0.63 for T2W for the test group, respectively. Conclusion. Noncontrast MRI scans with texture analysis are viable for classifying the early stages of liver fibrosis, exhibiting excellent diagnostic performance.

11.
Pain Physician ; 24(2): E239-E248, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conventional open laminectomy is considered to be the standard procedure for the treatment of thoracic ossified ligamentum flavum, but multi-segment thoracic laminectomy extensively removes the facet joints and ligamentous tissue, destroying the thoracic spine biomechanics and stability, may lead to delayed thoracic spine kyphosis deformities, which in turn can lead to potential neurological deterioration and local intractable pain. OBJECTIVE: To introduce the technical notes and clinical outcome of ultrasonic osteotome assisted full-endoscopic en block resection of thoracic ossified ligamentum flavum. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: Hospital and outpatient surgery center. METHODS: From January 2017 to March 2018, 15 patients with 1 - 2 segment thoracic ossified ligamentum flavum were treated with ultrasonic osteotome assisted full-endoscopic en block resection of thoracic ossified ligamentum flavum under local anesthesia. The magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography of the thoracic spine was reexamined after the operation to evaluate the completeness of ossified ligamentum flavum resection and spinal cord decompression. The patients were followed up on the visual analog scale of back pain and radicular pain, Nurick score and mJOA score of neurological function, and Oswestry Disability Index at 1 week, 3 months, 6 months, one year, and 2 years after operation. RESULTS: All operations of 17 segments thoracic ossified ligamentum flavum in 15 patients were successfully completed without intraoperative conversion to open surgery. There were no intraoperative spinal cord injuries, dura tears, postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage, postoperative infections, and postoperative spinal cord injury aggravated symptoms. Postoperative thoracic spine magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography examinations of all patients showed that the spinal cord was fully decompressed without any residual pressure. Back pain and radicular pain were relieved significantly, and spinal cord function (Nurick, mJOA, and Oswestry Disability Index scores) was obviously restored. The mJOA recovery rate at the 2-year follow-up was 78.3% in average. LIMITATIONS: This is an observational cohort study with relative small sample and short-term follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasonic assisted full-endoscopic en block resection of ossified ligamentum flavum is a safe and effective minimally invasive spine surgery for thoracic myelography caused by thoracic ossified ligamentum flavum.

12.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 10(1): 42, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771234

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of human brucellosis in Qinghai Province of China has been increasing rapidly, with confirmed cases distributed across 31 counties. However, the epidemiology of brucellosis transmission has not been fully elucidated. To characterize the infecting strains isolated from humans, multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeats analysis (MLVA) and whole-genome single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based approaches were employed. METHODS: Strains were isolated from two males blood cultures that were confirmed Brucella melitensis positive following biotyping and MLVA. Genomic DNA was extracted from these two strains, and whole-genome sequencing was performed. Next, SNP-based phylogenetic analysis was performed to compare the two strains to 94 B. melitensis strains (complete genome and draft genome) retrieved from online databases. RESULTS: The two Brucella isolates were identified as B. melitensis biovar 3 (QH2019001 and QH2019005) following conventional biotyping and were found to have differences in their variable number tandem repeats (VNTRs) using MLVA-16. Phylogenetic examination assigned the 96 strains to five genotype groups, with QH2019001 and QH2019005 assigned to the same group, but different subgroups. Moreover, the QH2019005 strain was assigned to a new subgenotype, IIj, within genotype II. These findings were then combined to determine the geographic origin of the two Brucella strains. CONCLUSIONS: Utilizing a whole-genome SNP-based approach enabled differences between the two B. melitensis strains to be more clearly resolved, and facilitated the elucidation of their different evolutionary histories. This approach also revealed that QH2019005 is a member of a new subgenotype (IIj) with an ancient origin in the eastern Mediterranean Sea.

13.
Protein J ; 40(2): 245-254, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721189

RESUMO

Infection by Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli is a common cause of diarrhea in animals. The development of vaccines against enterotoxins can effectively control the infection. We have previously constructed a recombinant antigen SLS fused by STa, LTB and STb enterotoxin and it showed a high immunogenicity in mice. Herein, we evaluated the expression of SLS in three different E. coli cells with corresponding plasmids. SLS proteins expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3) and Rosetta-gami B (DE3) were aggregated as inclusion bodies, and the proteins solubility were not obviously promoted in low temperature combined with adjustment of inducer concentration. In contrast, SLS protein with maltose-binding protein (MBP) yielded from TB1 (DE3) cells were partially soluble. After increasing the IPTG concentration in the medium up to 2 mM and incubating at 37 ℃ for 4 h, the soluble protein yield reached the highest level (4.533 mg/0.2 L culture), which was significantly higher than the expression of SLS protein in Rosetta-gami B (DE3) (P < 0.05). Therefore, the TB1-pMAL expression system can be used for mass extraction and purification of SLS antigen prior to measuring its immunogenicity in pregnant mammals.

14.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 133, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kounis syndrome is an acute coronary syndrome that appears in the setting of anaphylactic reaction or hypersensitivity. Many drugs and environmental exposures have been identified as potential offenders, and diagnosis and treatment can be challenging. CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old man with recurrent bladder cancer underwent an intra-iliac artery epirubicin injection. After the injection, he developed chest pain and a systemic allergic reaction, with electrocardiographic alterations and elevated troponin-I levels. Emergent coronary angiography showed right coronary artery spasm and no stenosis of the other coronary arteries. This reaction was considered compatible with an allergic coronary vasospasm. A diagnosis of Kounis syndrome was made. CONCLUSIONS: Kounis syndrome is common, but a prompt diagnosis is often not possible. This case is the first to suggest that an intraarterial epirubicin injection could potentially be one of its triggers. All physicians should be aware of the pathophysiology of this condition to better recognize it and start appropriate treatment; this will prevent aggravation of the vasospastic cardiac attacks and yield a better outcome.

15.
Plant Physiol ; 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33720348

RESUMO

The unfolded protein response (UPR) is a conserved stress adaptive signaling pathway in eukaryotic organisms activated by the accumulation of misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). UPR can be elicited in the course of plant defense, playing important roles in plant-microbe interactions. The major signaling pathways of plant UPR rely on the transcriptional activity of activated forms of ER membrane-associated stress sensors bZIP60 and bZIP28, which are transcription factors that modulate expression of UPR genes. In this study, we report the plant susceptibility factor RTP1 (Resistance to Phytophthora parasitica 1) is involved in ER stress sensing and rtp1-mediated resistance against P. parasitica is synergistically regulated with UPR, as demonstrated by the simultaneous strong induction of UPR and ER stress-associated immune genes in Arabidopsis thaliana rtp1 mutant plants during infection by P. parasitica. We further demonstrate RTP1 contributes to stabilization of the ER membrane-associated bZIP60 and bZIP28 through manipulating the bifunctional protein kinase/ribonuclease IRE1-mediated bZIP60 splicing activity and interacting with bZIP28. Consequently, we find rtp1bzip60 and rtp1bzip28 mutant plants exhibit compromised resistance accompanied with attenuated induction of ER stress-responsive immune genes and reduction of callose deposition in response to P. parasitica infection. Taken together, we demonstrate RTP1 may exert negative modulating roles in the activation of key UPR regulators bZIP60 and bZIP28, which are required for rtp1-mediated plant resistance to P. parasitica. This facilitates our understanding of the important roles of stress adaptive UPR and ER stress in plant immunity.

16.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg) is a promising disease-monitoring marker for chronic hepatitis B (CHB). We investigated correlations between HBcrAg with antiviral efficacy and virological and histological variables. METHODS: One hundred and forty-five CHB patients from the mainland of China between August 2013 and September 2016 who underwent liver biopsy received entecavir therapy and had paired liver biopsy at 78 weeks. We analyzed correlations between HBcrAg and virological and histological variables in hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive and HBeAg-negative patients. We also explored the predictors of HBeAg loss after 78 weeks antiviral therapy. Pearson correlation analysis and logistic forward stepwise regression were the main statistic methods. RESULTS: HBeAg-positive patients (n = 93) had higher baseline HBcrAg (median 7.4 vs. 5.3 log10 U/mL P < 0.001) and greater HBcrAg declines (median 1.6 vs. 0.9 log10 U/mL P = 0.007) than HBeAg-negative patients after 78 weeks of therapy. At baseline, HBcrAg correlated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA in both HBeAg-positive (r = 0.641, P < 0.001) and -negative patients (r = 0.616, P < 0.001), with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in HBeAg-positive patients (r = 0.495, P < 0.001), but not with anti-hepatitis B virus core antibody (anti-HBc). Weak correlations existed between HBcrAg, histology activity index (HAI; r = 0.232, P = 0.025), and Ishak fibrosis score (r = -0.292, P = 0.005) in HBeAg-positive patients. At 78 weeks, significant correlations existed only between HBcrAg and anti-HBc in HBeAg-positive (r = -0.263, P = 0.014) and HBeAg-negative patients (r = -0.291, P = 0.045). Decreased HBcrAg significantly correlated with reduced HBV DNA (r = 0.366, P = 0.001; r = 0.626, P < 0.001) and HBsAg (r = 0.526, P = 0.001; r = 0.289, P = 0.044) in HBeAg-positive and -negative patients, respectively, and with reduced HAI in HBeAg-positive patients (r = 0.329, P = 0.001). Patients with HBeAg loss (n = 29) showed a larger reduction in HBcrAg than those without (median 2.3 vs. 1.3 log10 U/mL, P = 0.001). In multivariate analysis, decreased HBcrAg was an independent predictor of HBeAg loss (P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: HBcrAg reflects viral replication and protein production. Decreased HBcrAg could predict HBeAg loss after antiviral therapy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials.gov: NCT01962155; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01962155?term=NCT01962155&draw=2&rank=1.

17.
Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol ; : 1-13, 2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691550

RESUMO

Objectives: Serum biomarkers are valuable for clinical decision-making for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), among which the most promising are AFP, AFP-L3, DCP, DKK-1, and GP73; however, the efficacy of using combined biomarkers remains controversial. This meta-analysis provides insights regarding this topic.Methods: After systematically surveying the literature available in PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library, we identified 28 qualified articles published since January 2015. A random-effects model was used to assess pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios (PLRs and NLPs), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR).Results: Values under the summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve varied in different panels of the five biomarkers. Importantly, the sum of sensitivity and specificity of AFP+GP73 was 1.76 (P= 0.0001), which was the best among all the panels. The sum of the triple biomarker panel of AFP, AFP-L3, and DCP was larger (1.64, P= 0.0001) than those of any double biomarker panels of AFP, AFP-L3, and DCP.Conclusions: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first meta-analysis to focus solely on combination assays of multiple biomarkers in HCC. The combined assay of AFP and GP73 conferred the best outcome among all panels. The triple combined panel of AFP, AFP-L3, and DCP showed higher diagnostic potential than individual random double combinations of the three biomarkers. Multiple-biomarker combined assays will be clinically important for decision-making processes for HCC.

18.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 21(1): 144, 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a novel high magnification module (HMM) combining with OCT (OCT-HMM) is able to detect the microstructure of retina, we apply it to explore the ultrastructure of the macula after closure of the idiopathic macular hole (IMH) by surgery. METHODS: This is an observational case series study in which patients with full-thickness IMHs who had undergone successful macular closure by vitrectomy and internal limiting membrane peeling and healthy subjects were recruited. After comprehensive ophthalmic examinations, the images of macular area were obtained and collected by professional operators using OCT-HMM. Then images were independently analyzed by 4 masked vitreoretinal specialists. RESULTS: A total of 24 IMH eyes and 42 healthy eyes were examined. HMM images were obtained in 10 IMH eyes. Among them, 4 eyes whose macula closed completely with recovery of photoreceptor layer presented a dark arc nasal to the fovea, oriented to the optic, and the notch of arc faced temporally. Six eyes in which the macula closed incompletely with photoreceptor cells loss revealed a dark ring with uneven bright spots inside. The other 14 eyes failed to obtain clear images by OCT-HMM. The contra lateral eyes of the patients and the healthy subjects' eyes succeeded to obtain the HMM images which displayed evenly grey background thickly covered with tiny bright dots that was in similar size and evenly and widely distributed and there no dark arc or ring. OCT B-scan and IR images could be acquired in all of the IMH and healthy eyes. CONCLUSION: The preliminary application of HMM has supplied us a brand-new insight into the microstructure of closed IMH. A dark arc sign could be detected with OCT-HMM in the macula which was functionally closed after surgery that was probably the healing mark on a microstructure photoreceptors level. Its existence and shape indicated that the functional closure followed by a retinal displacement mainly horizontally from temporal side to nasal side but not symmetric centripetally.

19.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 105, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33648470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest red blood cell distribution width (RDW) was a prognostic factor in various types of cancer patients, although the results are controversial. The objective of this study was to investigate the significance of RDW in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) after radical resection. METHOD: The relationship between the preoperative serum RDW value and clinic pathological characteristics was analyzed in 157 ICC patients between January 2012 and June 2018 who underwent curative resection. X-tile software was used to determine 40.2 fl, 12.6% as the optimal cut-off value for RDW-SD and RDW-CV respectively. 153 patients were classified into the low RDW-SD (≤ 40.2, n = 53) group and the high RDW-SD (> 40.2, n = 104) group, low RDW-CV (≤ 12.6, n = 94) group and the high RDW-CV (> 12.6, n = 63). Based on the RDW-SD combined with RDW-CV (SCC), classified into SCC = 0, 1 and 2 group. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox proportional hazard models were used to examine the effect of RDW on survival. RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier curve analysis showed that Patients with RDW-SD > 40.2 were significantly associated with better OS (P = 0.004, median OS: 68.0 months versus 17.0 months). Patients with RDW-CV > 12.6 were significantly associated with better OS (p = 0.030, median OS: not reach versus 22.0 months). Compared with a SCC = 0 or SCC = 1, SCC = 2 was significantly associated with better OS (p < 0.001, median OS: not reach versus 33.0 months versus 16, respectively). In the multivariate analysis, RDW-SD > 40.2 fl (HR = 0.446, 95% CI: 0.262-0.760, p = 0.003), RDW-CV > 12.6% (HR = 0.425, 95%CI: 0.230-0.783, p = 0.006), SCC = 2 (HR = 0.270, 95%CI: 0.133-0.549, p < 0.001) were associated with favorable OS. The multivariate analysis showed RDW-SD, RDW-CV and SCC level were not independent prognostic factors for DFS. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative low levels of RDW are associated with poor survival in ICC after curative resection. This provides a new way for predicting the prognosis of ICC patients and more targeted intervention measures.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos , Colangiocarcinoma , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Índices de Eritrócitos , Humanos , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
20.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709239

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential mechanisms of electroacupuncture (EA) to prevent ischemic stroke. METHODS: The method of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was employed to establish a rat model of ischemic stroke. Seventy-eight Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into the sham group, MCAO + EA control (EC) group, and MCAO + EA (EA) group according to a random number table (n=26 per group). EA was applied to the acupoints of Baihui (DU 20) and Shenting (DU 24) 5 min and 6 h, respectively after the onset of MCAO. Rats in the sham and EC groups received only light isoflurane anesthesia for 30 min after MCAO. The neuroprotective effects of EA were evaluated by rota-rod test, neurological deficit scores and infarct volumes. Additionally, Nissl staining and immunostaining were performed to examine brain damage, rod formation, cellular apoptosis, and neuronal loss induced by ischemia. The activities of caspase-3, and expression levels of cofilin and p-cofilin in mitochondria and cytoplasm after ischemic injury were determined by Western blot. RESULTS: Compared with the EC group, EA significantly improved neuromotor function and cognitive ability after ischemic stroke (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Therapeutic use of EA also resulted in a significant decrease of cofilin rod formation and microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP2) degradation in the cortical penumbra area compared with the EC rats (P<0.01). Furthermore, Western blot analysis showed that EA stimulation significantly inhibited mitochondrial translocation of cofilin and caspase-3 cleavage (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Additionally, brain damage (infarct volume and neuropathy), cellular apoptosis and neuronal loss induced by ischemia were remarkably suppressed by EA in the cortical penumbra of rats (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSION: EA treatment after ischemic stroke may attenuate ischemic brain injury and cellular apoptosis through the regulation of mitochondrial translocation of cofilin, a novel mechanism of EA therapy.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...