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1.
Arch Public Health ; 79(1): 179, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since 2013, China launched descending resources reform, which is a new attempt to correct unbalanced allocation of health resources through human capital spillovers and brand implantation from high-level hospitals. The purpose of this paper is to explore the patients' hospital selection response to this reform with the focus of low-level hospitals to better understand the effect of this reform on correcting regional inequality of health resources allocation. METHODS: The European Consumer Satisfaction Index model (ECSI) was used to design a questionnaire, and cross-sectional data from 17 hospitals were collected through 1287 questionnaires from Zhejiang Province. Patient hospital selection (loyalty) is measured using ordinary variables by considering patient willingness to choose a low-level hospital when suffering an illness or severe illness. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the structure equation model are applied to examine the effect of reforms on patient behavior. RESULTS: The descending resources reform promotes improvements in the capabilities and medical environment of low-level hospitals, and descending doctors also have high accessibility. Perceived quality, patient expectations, and hospital image have significant positive effects on patient satisfaction, and the explanatory power of brand implantation from cooperative high-level hospitals and descending doctors is stronger than the image of the low-level hospital itself. And descending resources reform and patient satisfaction have significant positive impacts on patient's choice for low-level hospitals with the existence of mediating effect of satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: This paper provides supporting empirical evidence of the descending resources reform's impact on patients' low-level hospital selection. This reform has been effective in improving the capabilities of low-level hospitals, and brand implantation of high-level hospitals shows strong explanatory power. China's reform offers a distinct and valuable approach to correcting the uneven allocation of health resources. Besides, the findings also suggest that policymakers could pay more attention to the importance of information channels in impacting patient awareness, responses, and hospital selection.

2.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; : 1-11, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518473

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Serum uric acid (SUA) has been found correlated with an increased risk of hypertension, but evidence is sparse regarding the association in Gansu Province, especially in Yugur people. This study aimed to explore the nonlinear relationship between SUA levels and hypertension in Han and Yugur people in China. METHODS: The cross-sectional study samples (n = 5,327) were from the China National Health Survey (CNHS) in Gansu Province. Participants were selected using a multistage stratified cluster sampling method. SUA was measured by enzymatic methods. The restricted cubic spline regression was performed to evaluate the shape of the association. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of hypertension and hyperuricemia was 28.4% and 17.0%, respectively, in this study. Comparing the highest (>416.4 µmol/L) to the lowest (<254.1 µmol/L) SUA level groups, the multivariable adjusted differences and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) in blood pressure (BP) were 6.15 (4.22, 8.08) mm Hg and 4.87 (3.51, 6.23) mm Hg for SBP and DBP in Han, and 2.22 (-0.73, 5.18) mm Hg and 2.56 (0.38, 4.75) mm Hg for SBP and DBP in Yugur people, respectively. The corresponding odds ratios (95% CIs) for hypertension were 3.16 (2.26, 4.43) and 2.37 (1.46, 3.89) in Han and Yugur people, respectively. The restricted cubic spline regression models illustrated that both BP level and the risk of hypertension increased with elevated SUA levels in Han and Yugur people. CONCLUSIONS: SUA was significantly and independently associated with an increased risk of hypertension in Han and Yugur people. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings.

3.
Inflamm Res ; 70(9): 971-980, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374795

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of death globally. Inflammation plays a crucial role in COPD development. Pyroptosis, an inflammatory form of cell death, may involve in the pathogenesis of COPD. This study aims to explore the role and action mechanism of triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (TREM-1) in COPD. METHODS: Here, cigarette smoke stimulation was used to establish COPD model in mice. Cigarette smoke extract combined with lipopolysaccharide was used to stimulate RAW264.7 cells for COPD model in vitro. QRT-PCR and Western blot were performed to detect the expression of mRNA and proteins, respectively, in the lung tissues and cells. Concentration of cytokines was measured using ELISA. H&E staining was used to analyze the pathological changes in lung tissues. The number of infiltrated macrophage was examined using immunofluorescence. LP17 was used to silence the expression of TREM-1. RESULTS: The results showed that TREM-1 was highly expressed in COPD. In vivo, inhibition of TREM-1 effectively improved the injury in lung tissues of COPD mouse, and reduced the infiltration of macrophages. Moreover, inhibition of TREM-1 in vivo and in vitro notably suppressed the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and pyroptosis. Rescue experiment demonstrated that TREM-1 activated pyroptosis via regulating NLRP3 inflammasome. CONCLUSION: Overall, our results proved that TREM-1 promoted the lung injury and inflammation in COPD mouse through activation of NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis. Our data indicated a novel mechanism of TREM-1 in COPD development, and maybe provide a novel therapeutic target for COPD treatment.

4.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(7): 704-710, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382586

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the risk factors for serious infections among hospitalized systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, and to provide the advice for preventing serious infections in SLE patients. METHODS: Information of SLE patients hospitalized from March 2017 to February 2019 at the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University was obtained. The patients were assigned into a serious infection group and a non-serious infection group. The risk factors for serious infections among SLE inpatients were identified by comparison between the 2 groups and multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: There were 463 SLE inpatients in total, and 144 were in the serious infection group and 319 in the non-serious infection group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age ≥54.50 years old (OR=4.958, P<0.001), cardiovascular involvement (OR=6.287, P<0.001), hematologic involvement (OR=2.643, P=0.003), serum albumin <20 g/L (OR=2.340, P=0.036), C-reaction protein (CRP)/erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)≥0.12 (OR=2.430, P=0.002), glucocorticoid dose ≥8.75 mg/d prednisone-equivalent (OR=2.465, P=0.002), and the combined use of immunosuppressive agents (OR=2.847, P=0.037) were the risk factors for serious infections in SLE inpatients. CONCLUSIONS: SLE patients with older age, cardiovascular involvement, hematologic involvement, low serum albumin are prone to suffering serious infections. Increased CRP/ESR ratio indicates serious infections in SLE inpatients. High-dose glucocorticoid and the combined use of immunosuppressive agents can increase the risk of serious infections in SLE inpatients.


Assuntos
Pacientes Internados , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Idoso , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona , Fatores de Risco
5.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 793, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An outbreak of pneumonia, COVID-19 associated with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in Wuhan city and then rapidly spread to other cities. Wenzhou is located approximately 900 km from Wuhan, which was experiencing an outbreak that was severe at the time but is considered modest as the epidemic became a pandemic. We described the epidemiological characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 outside of the epicenter to help understand the transmission pattern in a mid-sized Chinese city. METHODS: To investigate the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of the COVID-19, we described case series of 473 patients with confirmed COVID-19 in Wenzhou, China from January 27 to March 16, 2020. We described the public health interventions of COVID-19 and evaluated the effect of interventions by the effective reproduction number (Rt). RESULTS: The median age of all patients was 47.6 years, 48.4% of whom were female. 33.8% of the patients had a history of residence in Wuhan. Fever (71.7%) and cough (43.1%) were the most common symptoms. In addition, three kinds of unconventional cases were observed, namely 4.9% asymptomatic patients, 7.6% confirmed patients who had no link to Wuhan city but contact with individuals from Wuhan without any symptoms at the time of contact, and 12.9% confirmed patients who had an unknown source of transmission. We estimated that the basic reproductive number (R0) was 2.75 (95% CI: 2.37-3.23). The Rt fluctuated within the range of 2.50 to 3.74 from January 11 to January 16 while gradually reached a peak of 3.74 on January 16. Rt gradually decreased after January 16 and decreased to 1.00 on January 30. Rt continually decreased and reached the lowest point (0.03) on February 21, 2020. CONCLUSION: Our study presented the possibility of asymptomatic carriers affected with SARS-CoV-2, and transmission by these three kinds of unconventional patients in Wenzhou may be an important characteristic of SARS-CoV-2 transmission. The evaluation showed that a series of multifaceted interventions proved effective in controlling the epidemic of COVID-19. These findings might provide valuable examples of control policies for countries or areas in combatting the global pandemic of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pandemias
6.
J Autoimmun ; 123: 102707, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364171

RESUMO

Cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) is an inflammatory, autoimmune disease encompassing a broad spectrum of subtypes including acute, subacute, chronic and intermittent CLE. Among these, chronic CLE can be further classified into several subclasses of lupus erythematosus (LE) such as discoid LE, verrucous LE, LE profundus, chilblain LE and Blaschko linear LE. To provide all dermatologists and rheumatologists with a practical guideline for the diagnosis, treatment and long-term management of CLE, this evidence- and consensus-based guideline was developed following the checklist established by the international Reporting Items for Practice Guidelines in Healthcare (RIGHT) Working Group and was registered at the International Practice Guideline Registry Platform. With the joint efforts of the Asian Dermatological Association (ADA), the Asian Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AADV) and the Lupus Erythematosus Research Center of Chinese Society of Dermatology (CSD), a total of 25 dermatologists, 7 rheumatologists, one research scientist on lupus and 2 methodologists, from 16 countries/regions in Asia, America and Europe, participated in the development of this guideline. All recommendations were agreed on by at least 80% of the 32 voting physicians. As a consensus, diagnosis of CLE is mainly based on the evaluation of clinical and histopathological manifestations, with an exclusion of SLE by assessment of systemic involvement. For localized CLE lesions, topical corticosteroids and topical calcineurin inhibitors are first-line treatment. For widespread or severe CLE lesions and (or) cases resistant to topical treatment, systemic treatment including antimalarials and (or) short-term corticosteroids can be added. Notably, antimalarials are the first-line systemic treatment for all types of CLE, and can also be used in pregnant patients and pediatric patients. Second-line choices include thalidomide, retinoids, dapsone and MTX, whereas MMF is third-line treatment. Finally, pulsed-dye laser or surgery can be added as fourth-line treatment for localized, refractory lesions of CCLE in cosmetically unacceptable areas, whereas belimumab may be used as fourth-line treatment for widespread CLE lesions in patients with active SLE, or recurrence of ACLE during tapering of corticosteroids. As for management of the disease, patient education and a long-term follow-up are necessary. Disease activity, damage of skin and other organs, quality of life, comorbidities and possible adverse events are suggested to be assessed in every follow-up visit, when appropriate.

7.
Front Genet ; 12: 686298, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34194482

RESUMO

Objective: Alternative splicing (AS) is the mechanism by which a few genes encode numerous proteins, and it redefines the concept of gene expression regulation. Recent studies showed that dysregulation of AS was an important cause of tumorigenesis and microenvironment formation. Therefore, we performed a systematic analysis to examine the role of AS in breast cancer (Breast Cancer, BrCa) progression. Methods: The present study included 993 BrCa patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database in the genome-wide analysis of AS events. We used differential and prognostic analyses and found differentially expressed alternative splicing (DEAS) events and independent prognostic factors related to patients' overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). We divided the patients into two groups based on these AS events and analyzed their clinical features, molecular subtyping and immune characteristics. We also constructed a splicing factor (SF) regulation network for key AS events and verified the existence of AS events in tissue samples using real-time quantitative PCR. Results: A total of 678 AS events were identified as differentially expressed, of which 13 and 10 AS events were independent prognostic factors of patients' OS and DFS, respectively. Unsupervised clustering analysis based on these prognostic factors indicated that the Cluster 1 group had a better prognosis and more immune cell infiltration. SFs were significantly related to the expression of AS events, and AA-RPS21 was significantly upregulated in tumors. Conclusion: Alternative splicing expands the mechanism of breast cancer progression from a new perspective. Notably, alternative splicing may affect the patient's prognosis by affecting the infiltration of immune cells. Our research provides important guidance for subsequent studies of AS in breast cancer.

8.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 96: 107700, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000706

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a persistent respiratory disorder that is primarily caused by exposure to cigarette smoke (CS). Exosomes have emerged as crucial mediators of intercellular communication, but their role in CS-induced COPD is not fully understood. Here, we investigated whether exosomes derived from cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-treated mouse airway epithelial cells (MAECs) promote M1 macrophage polarization by upregulating triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (TREM-1) expression during COPD pathogenesis. The exosomes isolated from PBS- or CSE-treated MAECs were named as ExoPBS or ExoCSE, respectively. Macrophages were transfected with si-TREM-1 to explore the role of TREM-1 in ExoCSE-induced M1 macrophage polarization. The lentivirus expressing shTREM-1 was injected into COPD model mice by intranasal instillation, which was carried out to explore the in vivo role of TREM-1 in ExoCSE-induced M1 macrophage polarization and CS-induced lung injury. We isolated ExoPBS and ExoCSE successfully, and found that ExoCSE promoted M1 macrophage polarization. Furthermore, we found that the promotion of ExoCSE to M1 macrophage polarization was partly reversed by TREM-1 knockdown. The results of animal experiments showed that ExoCSE administration aggravated CS-induced impairment in pulmonary function, lung injury and M1 macrophage polarization, which were partly rescued by TREM-1 silencing. Overall, ExoCSE promoted M1 macrophage polarization by upregulating TREM-1 expression, thereby aggravating the development of COPD.

9.
Stem Cell Res ; 53: 102326, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845242

RESUMO

Skin fibroblasts derived from a 71-year-old healthy woman were reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by the transduction of retroviruses expressing OCT4, SOX2, KLF4 and c-MYC, respectively. The generated iPSCs maintained a normal karyotype and expressed various pluripotency markers. Moreover, they could be induced to form embryoid bodies in vitro and teratomas in vivo, indicating the full capacity of differentiating into three germ layers. This iPSC line could be differentiated into multiple cell subtypes for cellular modeling and drug discovery.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Idoso , Diferenciação Celular , Corpos Embrioides , Feminino , Fibroblastos , Camadas Germinativas , Humanos
10.
Stem Cell Res ; 53: 102336, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33865102

RESUMO

We established an induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) reprogrammed from dermal fibroblasts of a 53-year-old healthy man. Retroviruses expressing Yamanaka factors (OCT4, SOX2, KLF4 and c-MYC) were employed to initiate the reprogramming and were silenced in iPSCs. The generated iPSCs were pluripotent as determined by immunostaining and expression of pluripotency markers. They were further induced as embryoid bodies in vitro and teratomas in vivo, reminiscent of their full capacity of differentiating into three germ layers. They are with a normal karyotype and genetically identical to donor fibroblasts. This iPSC line provides excellent cell sources for studying and modeling human-specific physiology.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Teratoma , Diferenciação Celular , Reprogramação Celular , Corpos Embrioides , Fibroblastos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 9(1): e1568, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33280276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glycogen storage disease (GSD) type Ib is an autosomal recessive disease caused by defects of glucose-6-phosphate transporter (G6PT), encoded by the SLC37A4 gene. To date, over 100 mutations have been revealed in the SLC37A4 gene. GSD-Ib patients manifest a metabolic phenotype of impaired blood glucose homeostasis and also carry the additional complications of neutropenia and myeloid dysfunction. METHODS: Here, we present two daughters with an initial diagnosis of gout in a Chinese consanguineous family. Whole-exome sequencing was performed to identify the mutations. The mechanism of leukocytopenia was investigated. RESULTS: Whole-exome sequencing analysis of the proband identified a novel homozygous p.P119L mutation in SLC37A4, leading to a diagnosis of GSD-Ib. We found that the potential pathogenic p.P119L mutation leads to an unusual phenotype characterized by gout at onset, and GSD-Ib arising from this variant also manifests multiple metabolic abnormalities, leukocytopenia, and anemia, but no hepatomegaly. The leukocytes from the proband showed increased mRNA levels of sXBP-1, BIP, and CHOP genes in the unfolded protein response pathway, and enhanced Bax mRNA and caspase-3 activity, which might contribute to leukocytopenia. CONCLUSION: Our findings broaden the variation spectrum of SLC37A4 and suggest no strict genotype-phenotype correlations in GSD-Ib patients.


Assuntos
Antiporters/genética , Apoptose , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio Tipo I/genética , Gota/genética , Leucopenia/genética , Proteínas de Transporte de Monossacarídeos/genética , Adulto , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio Tipo I/patologia , Gota/patologia , Humanos , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Leucopenia/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Linhagem , Fator de Transcrição CHOP/genética , Fator de Transcrição CHOP/metabolismo , Resposta a Proteínas não Dobradas , Proteína 1 de Ligação a X-Box/genética , Proteína 1 de Ligação a X-Box/metabolismo
14.
Lupus ; 29(14): 1854-1865, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028176

RESUMO

Although the original purpose of the systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) classification criteria was to distinguish SLE from other mimic diseases, and to facilitate sample selection in scientific research, they have become widely used as diagnostic criteria in clinical situations. It is not known yet if regarding classification criteria as diagnostic criteria, what problems might be encountered? This is the first study comparing the three sets of classification criteria for SLE, the 1997 American College of Rheumatology (ACR'97), 2012 Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC'12) and 2019 European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology (EULAR/ACR'19), for their ability to distinguish patients with SLE from patients with pure mucocutaneous manifestations (isolated cutaneous lupus erythematosus without internal disease, i-CLE) in the lupus disease spectrum. 1,865 patients with SLE and 232 patients with i-CLE were recruited from a multicenter study. We found that, due to low specificity, none of the three criteria are adept at distinguishing patients with SLE from patients with i-CLE. SLICC'12 performed best among the original three criteria, but if a positive ANA was removed as an entry criterion, EULAR/ACR'19 would performed better. A review of previous studies that compared the three sets of criteria was presented in this work.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Cutâneo/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares/sangue , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reumatologia/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Sociedades Médicas
15.
Inquiry ; 57: 46958020956899, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909479

RESUMO

Patient satisfaction and choice of care providers have been the core concerns of China's descending resources reform launched in 2013. This health care reform attempts to improve low-level hospitals' capability and patient satisfaction through compulsory descending of doctors from high-level hospitals, thereby reshaping patients' behavior (loyalty). The goal of this paper is to explore the determinants of patient satisfaction, and its impact on patient loyalty with an emphasis on low-level hospitals in the reform context. By using a self-made 5-point scale that incorporates socio-demographic variables, reform, and revealed preference into the European Consumer Satisfaction Index model (ECSI), cross-sectional data from 17 hospitals, and 1287 questionnaires in Zhejiang province is collected to conduct empirical research. Satisfaction is measured as ordinary variables with the reform and with the low-level hospitals, respectively. Loyalty is measured by patients' willingness to choose low-level hospitals when suffering illness or severe illness. Analysis of variance and multiple comparisons are utilized to examine the different level of hospitals. An ordered logit model and ordinary least squares regression are applied to examine the determinants of satisfaction and loyalty. The results indicate that patient satisfaction can be explained by variables of perceived quality, patient expectations, and corporate image. Socio-demographic variable, providers, and the reform also have significant effects. Patients' satisfaction plays a pronounced role on improving their loyalty. The descending resources reform positively affects low-level hospitals' capability and patient satisfaction. The cost reduction and convenience significantly increase the reform satisfaction. Capability, medical environment, and accessibility of descending doctors are positively associated with the satisfaction with low-level hospitals. This paper evidences that the descending resources reform is an effective way to reallocate resources in supply side of health service market and reshape patients' choice of care providers with the accessibility and spillover of descending human capital.


Assuntos
Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde , Satisfação do Paciente , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1202, 2020 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More than 2 months have passed since the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) first emerged in Wuhan, China. With the migration of people, the epidemic has rapidly spread within China and throughout the world. Due to the severity of the epidemic, undiscovered transmission of COVID-19 deserves further investigation. The aim of our study hypothesized possible modes of SARS-CoV-2 transmission and how the virus may have spread between two family clusters within a residential building in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we monitored and traced confirmed patients and their close contacts from January 11 to February 5, 2020 in Guangzhou, China, including 2 family cluster cases and 61 residents within one residential building. The environmental samples of the building and the throat swabs from the patients and from their related individuals were collected for SARS-CoV-2 and tested with real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The relevant information was collected and reported using big data tools. RESULTS: There were two notable family cluster cases in Guangzhou, which included 3 confirmed patients (family No.1: patient A, B, C) and 2 confirmed patients (family No.2: patient D, E), respectively. None of patients had contact with other confirmed patients before the onset of symptoms, and only patient A and patient B made a short stop in Wuhan by train. Home environment inspection results showed that the door handle of family No.1 was positive of SARS-CoV-2. The close contacts of the 5 patients all tested negative of SARS-CoV-2 and in good health, and therefore were released after the official medical observation period of 14-days. Finally, according to the traceability investigation through applying big data analysis, we found an epidemiological association between family No.1 and family No.2, in which patient D (family No.2) was infected through touching an elevator button contaminated by snot with virus from patient A (family No.1) on the same day. CONCLUSIONS: Contaminants with virus from confirmed patients can pollute the environment of public places, and the virus can survive on the surface of objects for a short period of time. Therefore, in addition to the conventional droplet transmission, there is also indirect contact transmission such as snot-oral transmission that plays a crucial role in community spread of the virus.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Família , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Busca de Comunicante , Estudos Transversais , Microbiologia Ambiental , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Características de Residência , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Ann Transl Med ; 8(9): 582, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32566609

RESUMO

Background: Lung cancer (LC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality in China and worldwide. Despite the progress in diagnosis and treatment of LC, the prognosis of LC remains poor. Studies have demonstrated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a critical role in carcinogenesis and cancer development. Methods: Here we examined the expression and potential function of lnc-RAB11B-AS1 in LC both in vitro and in vivo. All experiments in this study were conducted using A549 and PC-9 cell lines according to protocols described in this paper. The clinic characteristics were analyzed using logistic regression, cox model, log rank test, biochemical analysis using qRT-PCR, transfections, nude mice model, and cell biological analysis using Transwell assay, CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, and rescue experiments, and immunohistochemistry. Results: The results showed that lnc-RAB11B-AS1 was significantly overexpressed in LC tissues compared to the corresponding non-tumor tissues. Patients with a higher level of lnc-RAB11B-AS1 expression showed a poorer overall survival rate. Functionally, overexpression of lnc-RAB11B-AS1 promotes cell proliferation, migration and invasion abilities of LC cell lines, which suggests lnc-RAB11B-AS1 may play an oncogenic role in LC. lnc-RAB11B-AS1 was located in physical contiguity with RAB11B gene and found positively regulates the RAB11B expression, and the protein levels of RAB11B in LC tissues also found to positively correlated with the level of lnc-RAB11B-AS1 expression. RAB11B silencing partially abrogated lnc-RAB11B-AS1-induced proliferation of the LC cell lines used in this study. Conclusions: This study provided a novel evidence into the function of lncRNA-driven carcinogenesis. Our findings highlighted the importance of lnc-RAB11B-AS1 and RAB11B in LC progression and indicated that lnc-RAB11B-AS1 may serve as a novel and valuable prognostic biomarker for LC.

18.
Epidemiol Infect ; 148: e116, 2020 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525469

RESUMO

At the present time, COVID-19 is spreading rapidly [1]. The global prevention and control of COVID-19 is focused on the estimation of the relevant incubation period, basic reproduction number (R0), effective reproduction number (Rt) and death risk. Although the prevention and control of COVID-19 requires a reliable estimation of the relevant incubation period, R0, Rt and death risk. Another key epidemiological parameter-asymptomatic ratio that provides strength and range for social alienation strategies of COVID-19, which is widely defined as the proportion of asymptomatic infections among all disease infections. In fact, the ratio of asymptomatic infection is a useful indicator of the burden of disease and a better measurement of the transmissibility of the virus. So far, people have not paid enough attention to asymptomatic carriers. The asymptomatic carriers discussed in this study are recessive infections, that is, those who have never shown symptoms after onset of infection. We will discuss three aspects: detection, infectivity and proportion of healthy carriers.


Assuntos
Infecções Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Busca de Comunicante , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
19.
PeerJ ; 8: e9114, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32547856

RESUMO

The sweet cherry (Prunus avium) is one of the most economically important fruit species in the world. However, there is a limited amount of genetic information available for this species, which hinders breeding efforts at a molecular level. We were able to describe a high-quality reference genome assembly and annotation of the diploid sweet cherry (2n = 2x = 16) cv. Tieton using linked-read sequencing technology. We generated over 750 million clean reads, representing 112.63 GB of raw sequencing data. The Supernova assembler produced a more highly-ordered and continuous genome sequence than the current P. avium draft genome, with a contig N50 of 63.65 KB and a scaffold N50 of 2.48 MB. The final scaffold assembly was 280.33 MB in length, representing 82.12% of the estimated Tieton genome. Eight chromosome-scale pseudomolecules were constructed, completing a 214 MB sequence of the final scaffold assembly. De novo, homology-based, and RNA-seq methods were used together to predict 30,975 protein-coding loci. 98.39% of core eukaryotic genes and 97.43% of single copy orthologues were identified in the embryo plant, indicating the completeness of the assembly. Linked-read sequencing technology was effective in constructing a high-quality reference genome of the sweet cherry, which will benefit the molecular breeding and cultivar identification in this species.

20.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 8249, 2020 05 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427926

RESUMO

Few studies have investigated the prevalence of myopia in Northwest China. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of myopia and high myopia in adults aged 40-80 years in the Han and Yugur populations living in Gansu Province, Northwest China. A total of 3,845 participants were included. The overall age- and sex-adjusted prevalence of myopia (spherical equivalent (SE) < -0.5 D), high myopia (SE < -6.0 D) and hyperopia (SE > + 0.5 D) were 16.4%, 0.7% and 26.2% in Yugur participants, respectively, and 34.3%, 5.0% and 19.2% in Han participants, respectively. The prevalence of myopia and high myopia in Han participants was significantly higher than that in Yugur participants (both P < 0.001). Yugur population, birth in rural areas, smoking history and outdoor work were found to be negatively associated with myopia. Higher education level and a family history of myopia were found to be positively associated with myopia in the study population. High myopia was negatively associated with Yugur population, aging, birth in rural areas and was positively associated with a family history of myopia. This study provided valuable information regarding the environmental risk factors of myopia and revealed an ethnic disparity in the prevalence of myopia in Gansu Province, Northwest China.


Assuntos
Miopia/etnologia , Miopia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , China/etnologia , Estudos Transversais , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
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