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1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065781

##### RESUMO

Emerging evidence suggests that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are significant regulators in the pathological process of ischemic stroke (IS). However, little is known about lncRNAs and their roles in IS. In this study, we aimed to screen out differentially expressed lncRNAs and revealed the underlying mechanisms in IS. The results of bioinformatic analysis showed that lncRNA MEG3 and Sema3A were over-expressed in IS samples, while miR-424-5p was lower-expressed. Correlation between MEG3/miR-424-5p, and miR-424-5p/Sema3A were predicted with miRanda and TargetScan, and verified by dual luciferase assay. Inhibition of MEG3 remarkably increased the expression of miR-424-5p and decreased the expression of Sema3A, which also led to in an increased cell viability and decreased cellular apoptosis in oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R) model, as well as an activated MAPK signaling pathways. Consistently, MEG3 was upregulated in MCAO mice, knockdown of MEG3 reduced the infarct volume and improved neurobehavioral outcomes in rats following MCAO. In conclusion, it was demonstrated that MEG3 accelerated the process of IS by suppressing miR-424-5p, which targeted Sema3A and the activated MAPK pathway. These results might provide useful information for exploring the potential therapeutic targets in IS.

2.
Int J Pharm ; 573: 118864, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765782

##### RESUMO

Natural phenolic drugs have good safety and various biological activities. However, poor bioavailability and inadequate bioactivity severely limit their application. A novel composite alkali polysaccharide nanovesicle was formed with supramolecule- and nano- technologies to efficiently deliver natural phenolic antitumor drugs. Alkali polysaccharide nanovesicles (ASDLM) containing supramolecular diferuloylmethane (DLM) had the additional effects of alkali polysaccharide nanovesicles and supramolecules of drug and high-molecular-weight polymers. DLM was isolated from the external environment when double loaded by cyclodextrin and nanovesicles; The nanosize, negative/positive charges and supramolecular structure were beneficial attributes that helped to increase the bioavailability and antitumor activity; supramolecular DLM-loaded nanovesicles made of natural biodegradable excipients showed good safety. Compared to free DLM, ASDLM exhibited superior physicochemical characteristics, favorable changes in the in vitro/in vivo kinetic performance, a possible in vitro-in vivo correlation, enhanced in situ gastrointestinal absorption, increased bioavailability, and an elevated anti-lung cancer efficiency. Composite alkali polysaccharide nanovesicles conjugated with supramolecular-/nano- technology may provide a valuable platform for the oral delivery of botanical drugs to meet clinical requirements.

3.
Obesity (Silver Spring) ; 28(2): 412-420, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797571

##### RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the cross-sectional association between residential exposure to traffic-related air pollution and obesity in Mexican American adults. METHODS: A total of 7,826 self-reported Mexican Americans aged 20 to 60 years old were selected from the baseline survey of the MD Anderson Mano-a-Mano Mexican American Cohort. Concentrations of traffic-related particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter < 2.5 µm were modeled at geocoded residential addresses using a dispersion models. The residential proximity to the nearest major road was calculated using a Geographic Information System. Linear and logistic regression models were used to estimate the adjusted associations between exposure and obesity, defined as BMI ≥ 30. RESULTS: More than half (53.6%) of the study participants had BMI ≥ 30, with a higher prevalence in women (55.0%) than in men (48.8%). Overall higher traffic-related air pollution exposures were associated with lower BMI in men but higher BMI in women. By stratifying for those who lived in a 0- to 1,500-m road buffer, the one-interquartile-range (685.1 m) increase of distance to a major road had a significant association with a 0.58-kg/m2 lower BMI (95% CI: -0.92 to -0.24) in women. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to intensive traffic is associated with increased risk of obesity in Mexican American women.

4.
Asian J Surg ; 43(1): 9-12, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30979567

##### RESUMO

Laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision is gradually becoming the standard surgical approach in colon cancer therapy, the core element of which is central vascular ligation. However, this increases the difficulty for surgeons, particularly in the context of right colectomy, which encounters complex vascular anatomy. This study aimed to examine vascular variations that occur during laparoscopic right hemicolectomy through a review of the medical literature. We demonstrated that the ICA and MCA are evident in the majority of patients. The RCA was inconsistently present ranging from 12% to 45%. The ICA passed the SMV anteriorly or posteriorly at average rates. However, the RCA passed anterior to the SMV in most patients. Regarding intravenous, the ICV was consistently present, whereas the RCV was absent in up to 80% of patients. The GTH was present in nearly 80% of patients. We classified the vascular variations by the location of the branches instead of using numerical classification. The GCT and GPCT were common types whilst the GPT was relatively rare. In summary, detailed information on the vascular anatomical variations occurring on the right-side of the colon is vital. Failure to identify variations during surgical procedures can result in unwanted bleeding. Thus, we advocate for the use of the ICV as an anatomic marker during surgery.

5.
J Nat Prod ; 83(1): 134-141, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860304

##### RESUMO

Daphnane diterpenes with a 5/7/6-tricyclic ring system exhibit potent anti-HIV activity but are found in low abundance as plant natural products. In this study, an effective approach based on mass spectrometric fragmentation pathways was conducted to specifically recognize and isolate anti-HIV compounds of this type from Daphne genkwa. Briefly, the fragmentation pathways of reference analogues were elucidated based on characteristic ion fragments of m/z 323 â 295 â 267 or m/z 253 â 238 â 197 by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-ion trap tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-IT-MSn) and then applied to the differentiations of substances with or without an oxygenated group at C-12. Twenty-seven daphnane diterpenes were successfully recognized from a petroleum ether extract of D. genkwa, including some potential new compounds and isomers that could not be identified accurately only from the ion fragments. Further separation of these target compounds using high-speed countercurrent chromatography (HSCCC) and preparative HPLC led to the isolation of three new (11, 25, and 27) and 14 known compounds, whose structures were identified and confirmed based on MS, NMR, and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectroscopy. The isolates exhibited anti-HIV activities at nanomolar concentrations. The results demonstrated that this strategy is feasible and reliable to rapidly recognize and isolate daphnane diterpenes from D. genkwa.

6.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e4767, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785600

##### RESUMO

Disorders of certain branched-chain amino acids may be associated with the occurrence and development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Measurement of related branched-chain amino acid levels could provide a reference for the clinical and scientific research of the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. An established HPLC-FLD method was used to quantify aspartic acid, glutamate, glutamine, glycine, taurine, tyrosine, 4-amino butanoic acid, tryptophan, methionine, valine, phenylalanine, isoleucine and leucine in mouse brain tissue. Brain tissue samples mixed with internal standard (3-aminobutyric acid) were processed, then derivatized with 2-O-phthaldialdehyde, and finally separated on an ODS2 column through gradient elution at a flow rate of 1.0 ml·min-1 . The excitation and emission wavelengths were set at 340 and 455 nm, respectively. The mobile phase A was 100% methanol and the mobile phase B consisted of 30 mmol·L-1 sodium acetate (pH 6.8). The injection volume was 20 µl and the single run time was 45 min. Several parameters, accuracy, precision, and stability, were verified and the results showed the established method had good sensitivity and resolution for all of the 13 compounds and internal standard in mouse brain.

7.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0225247, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825954

##### RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have shown that gastrointestinal Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is the main cause of chronic gastritis, but the relation between oral H. pylori and chronic periodontitis (CP) remains uncertain. A meta-analysis of published papers was performed to elucidate the correlation between oral H. pylori and CP. METHOD: To perform this meta-analysis, we searched papers published from 2000 to 2018 on PubMed, OVID, Springer Link, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Chinese Biology Medicine search engines. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the correlation between H. pylori and CP were estimated. Heterogeneity, publication bias and subgroup analyses were also conducted. RESULTS: A total of 918 papers on oral H. pylori and CP were collected, and 11 papers were in accordance with the inclusion criteria. Oral H. pylori was suggested to be correlated with CP. The results indicated that a H. pylori-positive state significantly increased the risk of CP 3.42 times (OR = 3.42; 95% CI = 2.71-4.31). A diagnostic test using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) showed a higher prevalence of H. pylori (OR = 3.70; 95% CI = 2.66-5.14) than did that using the rapid urease test (RUT) (OR = 3.13; 95% CI = 2.26-4.34). CONCLUSIONS: This paper demonstrated that CP was potentially correlated with oral H. pylori in adults and that oral H. pylori may be a possible risk factor for CP.

8.
Opt Express ; 27(26): 37859-37876, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878560

##### RESUMO

Ultrafast dynamic of thin surface plasma layer plays a crucial role in the formation of periodic surface ripples after laser pulse irradiation. Using the pump-probe imaging technique, a complete scenario of the periodic ripples formation on a GaP surface is demonstrated after being irradiated by single femtosecond laser pulse. The ripples firstly emerge at delay time of several tens of picoseconds, and disappear completely at several hundreds of picoseconds, resulting in a transient overheating solid state ablation crater. It's interesting that new ripples appear and gradually become deep and clear after hundreds of picoseconds. A part of these ripples remain after the ablation crater is solidified. The period of the remained ripples is measured and approximately equal to the periods of the two transient ripples. The thin surface plasma model with multi-layer is introduced to study the formation of periodic ripples. The dynamics of the carrier excitation, carrier and lattice temperature, transient dielectric constant, and other factors are obtained by the two-temperature model and the Drude model. The results show that the periods of electric field distributions at different depths of the plasma layer are the same. The formation of the two transient ripples and the remained ripples are all related to the periodic energy deposition due to the SPP excitation at the air-plasma interface.

9.
Phytochem Anal ; 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31849131

##### RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Innovative strategy is urgently needed to precisely discover novel natural products as lead compounds for development of new drugs against orphan diseases such as triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Herein, we describe a targeting pharmacophore with probe-reactivity-guided strategy for the discovery of electrophilic sesquiterpene (ES), a class of bioactive natural product. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify pharmacophore, based on pharmacophore with probe-reactivity-guided strategy for precisely discovering ESs from ethyl acetate extract of Eupatorium chinense L. (EEEChL) METHODOLOGY: MTT assay combined with ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) analysis was used to identify pharmacophore. UPLC-mass spectrometry (MS) was applied to carefully compare the intrinsic reactivity characteristics of two chemoselective nucleophilic probes: glutathione (GSH) and 4-bromothiophenol (BTP) reaction with ESs. ESs was isolated and identified from EEEChL by phytochemical methods. Furthermore, stoichiometric ratio and binding site of one typical ES 8ß-[4'-hydroxytigloyloxy]-5-desoxy-8-desacyleuparotin (HDDE) reaction with BTP were studied by UPLC-quadrupole time-of-flight (Q-TOF)-MS and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). RESULTS: Eleven ESs were identified from EEEChL, MTT assay illustrated that all of the 11 ESs possess fairly good anti-TNBC activity CONCLUSIONS: Electrophilic groups were confirmed as pharmacophore of bioactive compounds contained in EEEChL. An optimised halogenated aromatic probe BTP furnishes ES-BTP conjugates that are highly conspicuous via MS by virtue of a unique isotopic bromine signature, conjugates also have a considerable separation on C18 column. The new probe-reactivity-guided strategy can effectively improve the traditional bioassay-guided approaches, and significantly increase the probability of obtaining designated bioactive compounds.

10.
Opt Express ; 27(20): 28551-28563, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684605

##### RESUMO

We report surface plasmon enhanced random lasing action and weak localization owing to charge accumulation on the grain boundaries and its spectral transformation in powdered Nd3+ doped lithium niobate (Nd: LN) specimens. Accumulative charge density resulting from screening of electric field of spontaneous polarization was estimated, proving that surface plasmons (SPs) can be excited on the grain boundaries of powdered Nd: LN. The SP based scattering is believed responsible for random lasing to occur, which was further confirmed by the estimation of the scattering mean free path and the scattering cross section and intriguing three step-like backscattering reduction observed in the process of monitoring the variation of reflection spectrum with increasing pumping power. Under a certain pumping power, the powdered Nd: LN specimen was melted locally and this resulted in great changes in random lasing wavelengths. To delve into the reason behind these changes, photoluminescence spectra of the specimens were measured before and after melting. By taking a close look at their dynamics and slopes, it was found that spectral transformation of random lasing occurred owing to the change of lattice structure in powdered Nd: LN.

11.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 18: 1533033819883633, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684829

##### RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of long noncoding RNA GM16343 on interleukin 36ß promotion of CD8+T cells in tumor microenvironment regulation. METHODS: The differentially expressed long noncoding RNA in interleukin 36ß-stimulated mouse CD8+T cells was screened by gene chip technology, and the significant differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs were verified by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The lentiviral vector that overexpresses or knockdown GM16343 was constructed, transfected into CD8+T cells, and stimulated with interleukin 36ß, and the amount of interferon Î³ secreted was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A mouse subcutaneous xenograft model that stably express interleukin 36ß was established, and the tumor size and mouse survival time were observed by stimulation with CD8+T cells overexpression or knockdown of GM16343. RESULTS: A total of 12 long noncoding RNAs with significant differences were screened by gene chip analysis. Real-time polymerase chain reaction showed that the difference in GM16343 was larger, and the difference between the groups was observed to be the most significant. Compared to control group, CD8+T cells overexpressing GM16343 increased the secretion of interferon Î³, and the tumor diameter of the mice after stimulation showed significant reduction, and the survival time showed significant prolongation. Compared to control group, the CD8+T cells after GM16343 were knocked down. The interferon Î³ secretion was decreased, and no significant change in tumor diameter and survival time was observed. CONCLUSION: Interleukin 36ß may enhance antitumor immune response of CD8+T cells by regulating GM16343.

12.
Opt Lett ; 44(21): 5370-5373, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675009

##### RESUMO

An all-fiber orbital angular momentum (OAM) generator enabling direct turning of the fundamental mode (${{\rm HE}_{11}}$HE11) to the second OAM modes (${ l} = {\pm 2}$l=±2) with an efficiency of $\sim90\%$â¼90% has been proposed and experimentally demonstrated, which is realized based on utilization of a second-order helical fiber grating written in a few-mode fiber. This is the first time, to the best of our knowledge, that an all-fiber second-order OAM has been achieved with using only one component, i.e., the helical long-period fiber grating. The proposed method opens a new way to efficiently generate an all-fiber higher-order OAM using a conventional multimode fiber.

13.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(22)2019 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744220

##### RESUMO

The performance of an asphalt mixture will deteriorate under the condition of salt erosion, but there are different opinions on the mechanism of deterioration. Few studies have focused on the relation between the change of void characteristics and performance deterioration of an asphalt mixture exposed to salt erosion. To explore the relation between the air voids characteristics of an asphalt mixture and mechanical damage under salt erosion, the mechanical damage in an asphalt mixture was measured by splitting strength. The asphalt mixture specimens, immersion solutions, asphalt mortar, and aggregate were scanned with CT technology. To segment the voids, the Otsu method was used over asphalt mortar and solution range of CT values. A three-dimensional reconstruction of the CT image was performed with Mimics 20 software to calculate the asphalt mixture's void characteristics. On this basis, the relationships between the change in void characteristics and splitting strength were analyzed. The results showed that the ideal calculated void fraction can be obtained by threshold segmentation of the image void/asphalt mortar interface with the local CT value Otsu method. Under the salt corrosion environment, the increase of open voids of an asphalt mixture is linearly correlated with the decrease of splitting strength, while salts' crystallization in the open voids produces crystallization pressure, accelerating the volume growth of open voids. The early damage of an asphalt mixture suffered from the salt may be mainly physical damage. These results can provide a useful reference for the performance of damage research on asphalt mixtures in salt enrichment areas.

14.
Stat Med ; 38(28): 5332-5349, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637752

##### RESUMO

New treatments that are noninferior or equivalent to-but not necessarily superior to-the reference treatment may still be beneficial to patients because they have fewer side effects, are more convenient, take less time, or cost less. The noninferiority test is widely used in medical research to provide guidance in such situation. In addition, categorical variables are frequently encountered in medical research, such as in studies involving patient-reported outcomes. In this paper, we develop a noninferiority testing procedure for correlated ordinal categorical variables based on a paired design with a latent normal distribution approach. Misclassification is frequently encountered in the collection of ordinal categorical data; therefore, we further extend the procedure to account for misclassification using information in the partially validated data. Simulation studies are conducted to investigate the accuracy of the estimates, the type I error rates, and the power of the proposed procedure. Finally, we analyze one substantive example to demonstrate the utility of the proposed approach.

15.
Br J Nutr ; 122(10): 1081-1090, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637977

##### RESUMO

The present study compared the protective effect of sodium selenite (SS) and selenomethionine (SeMet) on heat stress (HS)-invoked porcine IPEC-J2 cellular damage and integrate potential roles of corresponding selenoprotein. Cells were cultured at 37°C until 80 % confluence and then subjected to four different conditions for 24 h: at 37°C (control), 41·5°C (HS), 41·5°C supplied with 0·42 µmol Se/L SS (SS), or SeMet (SeMet). HS significantly decreased cell viability, up-regulated mRNA and protein levels of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and down-regulated mRNA and protein levels of tight junction-related proteins (claudin-1 (CLDN-1) and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1)). HS-induced cell injury was associated with the up-regulation (P < 0·05) of six inflammation-related genes and fourteen selenoprotein encoding genes and down-regulation (P < 0·05) of two inflammation-related genes and five selenoprotein encoding genes. Compared with the HS group, SS and SeMet supplementation resulted in an increase (P < 0·05) in cell viability, decreased (P < 0·05) mRNA expression of HSP70 and six inflammation-related genes and rescue (P < 0·05) of mRNA and protein levels of CLDN-1 and ZO-1. SS and SeMet supplementation changes the expressions of nineteen selenoprotein encoding genes in cells affected by HS. Both Se supplementation significantly recovered the protein level of glutathione peroxidase-1 and increased selenoprotein P in the IPEC-J2 cells under HS, respectively. In summary, Se supplementation alleviated the negative impact of HS on IPEC-J2 cells, and their cellular protective effect was associated with regulation expression of selenoproteins, and SeMet exhibited a better protective effect.

16.
J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) ; 27(3): 2309499019879540, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645192

##### RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of posterior occipital condyle screw (OCS) placement analysis of the safe trajectory area for screw insertion. METHODS: Computed tomographic angiography scans of patients (46 males and 27 females) with normal occipitocervical structures were obtained consecutively. Vertebral artery (VA)-occiput distance <4.0 mm was defined as "unfeasible" for OCS fixation, and occipital-atlas angulation was measured to assess the feasibility of screw placement. Next, the placement of 3.5 mm diameter OCS was simulated, the probability of breach of structures surrounding occipital condyles was calculated, and placement parameters were analyzed. RESULTS: OCS placement was feasible in 91.1% (133/146) of occipital condyles, and the feasible probability also presented a significant sex-related difference: The probability was higher for males than for females (95.7% vs. 83.3%, p < 0.05). The incidence of anatomical structures injured under screw placement limitation was 18.8% (VA), 81.2% (hypoglossal canal), 59.4% (occipital-atlas joint), and 40.6% (occiput bone surface). There were no significant differences between the left and right condyles in relation to the measured parameters (p > 0.05). The screw range of motion was significantly smaller in females than in males (p < 0.05). The feasibility of OCS placement and OCS range of motion were significantly greater in the kyphosis group (>5°) than in the other two groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: OCS placement is a feasible technique for occipital-cervical fusion. The male group and occipitocervical region kyphosis group had a wider available space for OCS placement. Tangent angulation may be useful for the accurate and safe placement of an OCS.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17632, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626148

##### RESUMO

This study retrospectively analyzed the feasible effectiveness of ultrasound-guided acupotomy (USGAP) for the treatment of frozen shoulder (FS). A total of 36 patients with FS were analyzed in this retrospective study. All 36 patients received extracorporeal shock-wave therapy (ESWT). In addition, 18 of them also underwent USGAP intervention and were assigned to a treatment group, while the other 18 patients did not receive such intervention and were assigned to a control group. The primary efficacy endpoint was pain intensity, as measured by the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS). The secondary efficacy endpoint was assessed by the score of shoulder pain and disability index (SPADI). Furthermore, the adverse events were also documented during the treatment period. All efficacy endpoints were measured after the treatment. After treatment, patients who received USGAP exerted better efficacy endpoints in pain relief, as measured by NRS scale (Pâ<â.01), and shoulder disorders, as evaluated by SPADI (Pâ<â.01), than subjects who did not receive USGAP. Additionally, no adverse events occurred in either group. The results of this study indicated that USGAP may be used for the treatment of FS effectively. More studies are still needed to warrant the present results.

##### Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Bursite/terapia , Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas/métodos , Terapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Bursite/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Methods Enzymol ; 627: 1-21, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630737

##### RESUMO

Aliphatic polyesters are thermoplastic and biodegradable polymers with promising potentials to substitute synthetic polymers derived from petrochemicals. In particular, polylactides (PLAs) and other polylactones can be renewable and biocompatible. A more benign approach for polyester synthesis is the enzymatic polycondensation or ring-opening polymerization (ROP) reactions, whose outcomes largely depend on the reaction conditions including solvents, water content and temperature. This chapter illustrates several examples of enzymatic polymerization to polyesters using various solvents (i.e., organic solvents, supercritical fluids, ionic liquids, and aqueous biphasic systems). Hydrophobic solvents containing little water tend to promote the enzymatic polymerization and lead to high molecular masses of polyesters. Since some enzymatic polymerization reactions are performed at high temperatures (such as ring-opening polymerization of lactide at >100°C), these processes demand solvents with high boiling points (such as many ionic liquids). Supercritical fluids (such as supercritical CO2) can be "green" solvents, but their compatibility with enzymes and their practicability of scaling up remain as challenges. On the other hand, ionic liquids can be tailored to be compatible with enzymes and to have high thermal stability although the studies of their uses in enzymatic polycondensation and ROP reactions are still at an early stage.

19.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-8, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594454

##### RESUMO

Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 58(20): 14244-14259, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595752

##### RESUMO

Near-IR-emitting and/or efficiently photodynamic water-soluble Ru(II) complexes that hold great application potentials as photodynamic therapy and/or photodetection agents for cancers have been poorly explored. In this paper, the solvatochromism, calf thymus DNA binding, and singlet oxygen generation properties of a known ruthenium(II) complex of visible-emitting [Ru(bpy)2(dtdpq)](ClO4)2 (Ru1) and a new homoleptic complex of near-IR-emitting [Ru(dtdpq)3](ClO4)2 (Ru2) (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine, dtdpq = 2,3-bis(thiophen-2-yl)pyrazino[2,3-f][1,10]phenanothroline) in water are reported. Moreover, DNA photocleavage, singlet oxygen generation in HeLa cells, cellular uptake/localization, and in vitro photodynamic therapy for cancer cells of water-soluble Ru1 are described in detail. The results show that Ru1 acted as potent photodynamic cancer therapy and mitochondrial imaging agents. Ru2 exhibited very strong solvatochromism from a visible emission maximum at 588 nm in CH2Cl2 to the near-IR region at 700 nm in water and singlet oxygen generation yield in water (23%) and DNA binding properties (intercalative DNA binding constant on the order of 106 M-1) comparable to those of Ru1, which should make Ru2 attractive for the aforementioned applications of Ru1 if the water solubility of Ru2 can be improved enough for the studies above.

##### Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , DNA de Neoplasias/efeitos dos fármacos , Luz , Fotoquimioterapia , Rutênio/farmacologia , Tiofenos/farmacologia , Células A549 , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sítios de Ligação/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Células HeLa , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Células MCF-7 , Estrutura Molecular , Oxigênio/análise , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Rutênio/química , Tiofenos/química