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1.
J Environ Manage ; 320: 115799, 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35930885

RESUMO

Organic contaminated soils constitute an important environmental problem, whereas field applicability of existing physical-chemical methods has encountered numerous obstacles, such as high chemical cost, large energy consumption, secondary pollution, and soil degradation. Bioaugmentation is an environmentally friendly and potentially economic technology that efficiently removes toxic pollutants from organic contaminated soils by microorganisms or their enzymes and bioremediation additives. This review attempted to explore the recent advances in bioaugmentation of organic contaminated soils and provided a comprehensive summary of various bioaugmentation methods, including bacterial, fungus, enzymes and bioremediation additives. The practical application of bioaugmentation is frequently limited by soil environmental conditions, microbial relationships, enzyme durability and remediation cycles. To tackle these problems, the future of bioaugmentation can be processed from sustainability of broad-spectrum bioremediation carriers, microbial/enzyme agents targeting combined contaminants, desorption of environmentally friendly additives and small molecular biological stimulants. Findings of this research are expected to provide new references for bioaugmentation methods that are practically feasible and economically potential.

2.
Contrast Media Mol Imaging ; 2022: 7804015, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35924071

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of reducing the injection velocity and volume of contrast agent according to BMI, and the effect of body weight (BW), body surface area(BSA), body mass index(BMI),and blood volume (BV) on aortic contrast enhancement when the voltage of third-generation dual-source CT is selected at 70 KV. Methods: A total of 280 patients selected at 70 KV were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group. Each group was divided into 7 subgroups according to BMI ≤20, 20-21, 21-22, 22-23, 23-24, 24-25, and 25-26. The experimental group uses 2.3/2.4/2.5/2.6/2.7/2.8/2.9 ml/s injection speed with 350 mgI/ml contrast agents according to the subgroups; injection time was fixed at 10 s. In the control group, the fixed injection flow rate was 3.5 ml/s, time was 12 s with a total of 42 ml. Subjects in both groups were inspected to adaptive prospective ECG-gating sequence scanning, and subjective and objective image quality of the two groups were compared using Student's t-test. BMI, BSA, and BV were calculated from the patient's body weight and height. We assess the relationship between aortic attenuation and BW, BMI, BV, and BSA using regression analysis or correlation analysis. Results: Significant differences exist in vascular enhancement between the two groups; SNR and CNR of objective image quality in the experimental group were lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). Both groups had the same subjective image scores (P > 0.05). The number of vessels in the optimal enhancement range counts more in the experimental group than in the control group (χ2 value = 334.25, P < 0.05). In the control group, a weak to medium correlation was seen between vascular enhancement and BMI (r = -0.20), BW (r = -0.42), BSA (r = -0.46), and BV (r = -0.48) (P < 0.05 for all). Conclusions: Compared to BW, BSA, and BV, a weaker negative correlation exists between vascular enhancement and BMI when ATVS selects 70 KV. However, as a much easier way to operate, the stepped low flow and low-contrast agent injection based on BMI was feasible, and the image quality was more homogenized than that of the control group.


Assuntos
Iodo , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Meios de Contraste , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Doses de Radiação , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos
3.
Cell ; 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35944541

RESUMO

During development, melanopsin-expressing intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) become light sensitive much earlier than rods and cones. IpRGCs project to many subcortical areas, whereas physiological functions of these projections are yet to be fully elucidated. Here, we found that ipRGC-mediated light sensation promotes synaptogenesis of pyramidal neurons in various cortices and the hippocampus. This phenomenon depends on activation of ipRGCs and is mediated by the release of oxytocin from the supraoptic nucleus (SON) and the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) into cerebral-spinal fluid. We further characterized a direct connection between ipRGCs and oxytocin neurons in the SON and mutual projections between oxytocin neurons in the SON and PVN. Moreover, we showed that the lack of ipRGC-mediated, light-promoted early cortical synaptogenesis compromised learning ability in adult mice. Our results highlight the importance of light sensation early in life on the development of learning ability and therefore call attention to suitable light environment for infant care.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 298: 115574, 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35944737

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Euphorbia is one of the major genera in angiosperms, which is widely distributed all over the world, including Asia, Africa and Central and South America. The roots or tubers of Euphorbia are famous for medicinal purposes, especially in China. Many of them, such as Euphorbia pekinensis Rupr, Euphorbia fischeriana Steud and Euphorbia Kansui S.L.Liou ex S.B.Ho. . are used as Chinese herbal medicines. AIM OF THE STUDY: This paper reviews the diterpenoids isolated from the genus Euphorbia species and the pharmacological activities of these compounds to evaluate its traditional use and potential future development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information on the studies of the genus Euphorbia Linn was collected from scientific journals, books and reports via library and electronic data search (Scifinder, Web of Science, PubMed, Elsevier, Scopus, Google Scholar, Springer, Science Direct, Wiley, ACS, CNKI and Kew Plants of the Word Online). Meanwhile, it was also obtained from published works of material medica, folk records, ethnophmacological literatures, Ph.D. and Masters dissertations. RESULTS: Known as the main constituents of the genus Euphorbia Linn, Diterpenoids possess many pharmacological properties such as anti-inflammation, antiviral activities and cytotoxicity. To date, various types of diterpenoids were identified from this genus, including isopimarane, rosane, abietane, ent-kaurane, ent-atisane. cembrane, casbane, lathyrane, myrsinane, jatropholane, tigliane, ingenane, jatrophane, paraliane, pepluane, and euphoractin. CONCLUSIONS: This review describes 14 types of diterpenoid isolated from 45 Euphorbia species from 2012 to 2021, a total of 615 compounds. Among them, mainly include jatrophane (171), lathyrane (92), myrsinane (62), abietane (70), ent-atisane (36), ent-kaurane (7), tigliane (26) and ingenane (19). The possible biological pathways of these compounds were presumed. At the same time, more than 10 biological activities of these compounds were summarized, such as anti-inflammation, antiviral activities and cytotoxicity.

5.
Am J Transplant ; 2022 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35871752

RESUMO

Since the introduction of the MELD-based allocation system, women are now 30% less likely than men to undergo liver transplant (LT) and have 20% higher waitlist mortality. These disparities are in large part due to height differences in men and women though no national policies have been implemented to reduce sex disparities. Patients were identified using the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR) from 2014 to 2019. Patients were categorized into five groups by first dividing into thirds by height then dividing the shortest third into three groups to capture more granular differences in the most disadvantaged patients (<166 cm). We then used LSAM to model waitlist outcomes in five versions of awarding additional MELD points to shorter candidates compared to current policy. We identified two proposed policy changes LSAM scenarios that resulted in improvement in LT and death percentage for the shortest candidates with the least negative impact on taller candidates. In conclusion, awarding an additional 1-2 MELD points to the shortest 8% of LT candidates would improve waitlist outcomes for women. This strategy should be considered in national policy allocation to address sex-based disparities in LT.

6.
Phytother Res ; 2022 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35831026

RESUMO

The dried root of Tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg is used as a traditional Chinese medicine in southern China, as a folk remedy for carcinomas and gastrointestinal diseases. The total flavonoids of T. hemsleyanum (THTF) provide its main bioactive constituents. However, the mechanisms underlying its potential activity on colorectal cancer are still unknown. Here, we investigated the antitumor effect of THTF on colorectal cancer in vitro and in vivo. It was found that THTF inhibited HCT-116 and HT-29 cell growth, with an IC50 of 105.60 and 140.80 µg/mL, respectively. THTF suppressed clonogenicity and promoted apoptosis in HCT-116. In vivo, THTF (120 mg/kg) delayed tumor growth in HCT-116 xenografts without influencing on body weight, organ pathology and indexes, and blood routine level. Mechanistically, THTF inhibited the expression of PI3K, AKT, and mTOR at the protein level and transcriptional levels. Molecular docking indicated eight compounds in THTF (kaempferol 3-rutinoside, rutinum, isoquercitrin, L-epicatechin, quercetin, astragalin, kaempferol 3-sambubioside, and catechin) strongly bound with amino acid sites of PI3K and mTOR proteins, indicating a high affinity. The results suggest that THTF delayed colorectal tumor growth by inhibiting the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and might be a potential candidate for colorectal cancer prevention.

7.
J Biomater Appl ; : 8853282221117209, 2022 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35856165

RESUMO

The 3D printed porous titanium alloy scaffolds are beneficial to enhance angiogenesis, osteoblast adhesion, and promote osseointegration. However, titanium alloys are biologically inert, which makes the bond between the implant and bone tissue weak and prone to loosening. Inspired by the natural biological marine mussels, we designed four-claw-shaped mussel-derived bioactive peptides for the decoration of porous titanium alloy scaffolds: adhesion peptide-DOPA, anchoring peptide-RGD and osteogenic-inducing peptide-BMP-2. And the bifunctionalization of 3D-printed porous titanium alloy scaffolds was evaluated in vivo in a rabbit model of bone defect with excellent promotion of osseointegration and mechanical stability. Our results show that the in vivo osseointegration ability of the modified 3D printed porous titanium alloy test piece is significantly improved, and the bifunctional polypeptide coating group E has the strongest osseointegration ability. In conclusion, our experimental design partially solves the problems of stress shielding effect and biological inertness, and provides a convenient and feasible method for the clinical application of titanium alloy implants in biomedical implant materials.

8.
J Sep Sci ; 2022 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35819997

RESUMO

Screening and identification of active components from traditional Chinese medicines is rather challenging due to the diversity and complexity of chemical components. Herein, a comprehensive strategy based on a spectrum-effect relationship model and LC-MS analysis was developed to screen active components from Terminalia chebula fruits. The water extract of T. chebula fruits was subjected to macroporous resin column and then eluted successively with water and 30%, 50%, 70%, and 95% ethanol. The 30% ethanol eluate fractions of eighteen batches from T. chebula fruits were used for the spectrum-effect relationship study. The IC50 values for acetylcholinesterase inhibitory and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl scavenging activities were measured, LC fingerprints were established, and 15 common peaks were specified. The spectrum-effect relationship between common peaks and IC50 values was investigated by principal component analysis, gray relational analysis, partial least square and multiple linear regression. The 30% ethanol eluate fraction was further characterized by LC-MS analysis. The chromatographic peaks (Peaks 1, 2, 3, 5, 12, 14, 15) making great contributions to the efficacy were screened through a spectrum-effect relationship model, and sixteen components were further identified. The results suggested that the proposed strategy is simple and effective for acquiring active components from a complex matrix.

9.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 13(30): 7087-7093, 2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35900203

RESUMO

The mechanism of growth of one of the competitive topologies for covalent organic frameworks with constitutional isomers is poorly understood. Herein, we employ molecular dynamics to study the isoenergetic assembly of the rhombic square (sql) and Kagome lattice (kgm). The concentration, solvent conditions, and the reversibility of chemical reactions are considered by means of an Arrhenius two-state model to describe the reactions. High concentrations and poor solvent both result in sql, agreeing well with recent experiments. Moreover, the high reversibility of reactions gives rise to sql, while the low reversibility leads to kgm, suggesting a new way of regulating the topology. Our analyses support that the nucleation of isomers influenced by experimental conditions is responsible for the selection of topologies, which improves understanding of the control of topology. We also propose a strategy in which a two-step growth can be exploited to greatly improve the crystallinity of kgm.

10.
Pharmacogenomics ; 23(11): 619-626, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35880564

RESUMO

Background: CYP2C9 and VKORC1 are important factors in warfarin metabolism. The authors explored the effects of these genetic polymorphisms and clinical factors on a warfarin maintenance dose and then established the prediction algorithm for Honghe minorities in China. Materials & methods: Quantitative fluorescence PCR determined the mutation frequency of CYP2C9 and VKORC1-1639 G>A alleles. The authors collected the relevant clinical factors, including age, gender, body surface area (BSA), international normalized ratio value, daily warfarin dose, comorbidity and concomitant prescriptions. Results: The mean values of BSA and international normalized ratio in Honghe minorities were lower than in Han Chinese (p = 0.00). The genotype of CYP2C9*1/*1 and VKORC1-1639 AA was the main allele, the mutationfrequency of VKORC1-1639 AA and the number of male of Honghe minorities were lower than that of Han Chinese (p = 0.013 and p = 0.04). The significances of the effect on actual warfarin dose value were gender, VKORC1 AA mutant, CYP2C9*1/*1, age, hypertension and BSA sequentially. Conclusion: By multiple linear regression analysis with genetic and clinical factors, the authors determined a prediction algorithm for adjusting individual dosing of warfarin in this population. Clinical trial registration number: ChiCTR2100051778.


Assuntos
Hidrocarboneto de Aril Hidroxilases , Varfarina , Algoritmos , Anticoagulantes , Hidrocarboneto de Aril Hidroxilases/genética , Citocromo P-450 CYP2C9/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Coeficiente Internacional Normatizado , Masculino , Grupos Minoritários , Vitamina K Epóxido Redutases/genética
11.
Plants (Basel) ; 11(15)2022 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35893647

RESUMO

Plant leaf stoichiometry reflects its adaptation to the environment. Leaf stoichiometry variations across different environments have been extensively studied in grassland plants, but little is known about intraspecific leaf stoichiometry, especially for widely distributed species, such as Stellera chamaejasme L. We present the first study on the leaf stoichiometry of S. chamaejasme and evaluate its relationships with environmental variables. S. chamaejasme leaf and soil samples from 29 invaded sites in the two plateaus of distinct environments [the Inner Mongolian Plateau (IM) and Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QT)] in Northern China were collected. Leaf C, N, P, and K and their stoichiometric ratios, and soil physicochemical properties were determined and compared with climate information from each sampling site. The results showed that mean leaf C, N, P, and K concentrations were 498.60, 19.95, 2.15, and 6.57 g kg-1; the average C:N, C:P, N:P, N:K and K:P ratios were 25.20, 245.57, 9.81, 3.13, and 3.21, respectively. The N:P:K-ratios in S. chamaejasme leaf might imply that its growth is restricted by K- or K+N. Moreover, the soil physicochemical properties in the S. chamaejasme-infested areas varied remarkably, and few significant correlations between S. chamaejasme leaf ecological stoichiometry and soil physicochemical properties were observed. These indicate the nutrient concentrations and stoichiometry of S. chamaejasme tend to be insensitive to variations in the soil nutrient availability, resulting in their broad distributions in China's grasslands. Besides, different homeostasis strength of the C, N, K, and their ratios in S. chamaejasme leaves across all sites were observed, which means S. chamaejasme could be more conservative in their use of nutrients improving their adaptation to diverse conditions. Moreover, the leaf C and N contents of S. chamaejasm were unaffected by any climate factors. However, the correlation between leaf P content and climate factors was significant only in IM, while the leaf K happened to be significant in QT. Besides, MAP or MAT contribution was stronger in the leaf elements than soil by using mixed effects models, which illustrated once more the relatively weak effect of the soil physicochemical properties on the leaf elements. Finally, partial least squares path modeling suggested that leaf P or K contents were affected by different mechanisms in QT and IM regions, suggesting that S. chamaejasme can adapt to changing environments by adjusting its relationships with the climate or soil factors to improve its survival opportunities in degraded grasslands.

12.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 219: 114922, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35850016

RESUMO

The Danlou tablets (DLT) is a patented Chinese medicine that can effectively ameliorate coronary heart disease- and angina pectoris-related chest congestion and pain. However, the mechanism underlying the therapeutic effects of DLT in the context of stable angina pectoris (SAP) has not been clearly elucidated. In this study, ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS) was used to analyze serum samples from patients with SAP before and after DLT administration. The results of metabolomic analyses were verified biologically, and the mechanisms of action of DLT with respect to treating SAP were elucidated. Nineteen biomarkers were identified. Among these biomarkers, the levels of 15 reverted to those corresponding to a healthy state following DLT treatment. The main metabolic pathways associated with the functions of DLT in SAP were energy metabolism, purine metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism and amino acid metabolism, all of which are related to oxidative stress. Biological verification revealed that DLT decreased the expression of the oxidative stress indicators, xanthine oxidase (XOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA), and increased heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. Taken together, we revealed that DLT effectively ameliorates SAP by adjusting the oxidative stress status. This study provided an objective index for evaluating the efficacy of DLT for treating SAP.

13.
Front Psychol ; 13: 843484, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35832923

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between psychology and modern art design education in colleges, and to provide the basis for improving the quality of art education in colleges. Based on the relevant theory, the characteristics of educational psychology and art psychology and the correlation between them were analyzed from the angle of art education. According to the characteristics of college students' psychological development, the significance of art psychology-related courses was analyzed. Through the form of questionnaire, a total of 200 students (400 students in total) were randomly selected from Xi'an Academy of Fine Arts (professional art college) and Xi'an University of Science and Technology (comprehensive university), respectively. A total of 400 questionnaires were issued, and 382 valid questionnaires were recovered. The results show that almost all students in two colleges think pedagogy and educational psychology are the theoretical basis for art teachers, while less than one-third of students in Xi'an University of Science and Technology think that art psychology is the theoretical basis for art teachers. The difference between the students' aesthetic and life values in the two colleges is significant (p < 0.01). In the 15 directions of life values, there are significant differences in five directions: spirit-material (p < 0.05), enrichment-emptiness (p < 0.05), enthusiasm-apathy (p < 0.05), hope-despair (p < 0.01), and dedication-acceptance (p < 0.01). It shows that the psychological and values of college students are changeable, and the educators should pay attention to the education in the related fields of psychology. This exploration was conducted based on educational psychology, which is of great significance for improving the educational level of art psychology in colleges and enable students to form correct aesthetic standards and life values.

14.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 19(6): 435-444, 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35845162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) is used to protect against myocardial injury. However, there is no adequate evidence for comprehensive RIC in elderly patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This study aimed to test whether comprehensive RIC, started pre-primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) and repeated daily on 1-30 days post-PPCI, can improve myocardial salvage index (SI), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire Clinical Summary Score (KCCQ-CSS) and 6-min walk test distance (6MWD) in elderly patients with acute STEMI during 12 months follow-up. METHODS: 328 consenting elderly patients were randomized to receive standard PPCI plus comprehensive RIC (the treatment group) or standard PPCI (the control group). SI at 5-7 days after PPCI, LVEF, left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVI), left ventricular end-systolic volume index (LVESVI), KCCQ-CSS, 6MWD and adverse events rates were measured and assessed. RESULTS: SI was significantly higher in the treatment group [interquartile range (IQR): 0.38-0.66, P = 0.037]. There were no significant differences in major adverse events at 12 months. Although the differences of LVEDVI, LVESVI and LVEF between the treatment group and the control group did not reach statistical significance at 6 months and 12 months, LVEF tended to be higher, LVEDVI tended to be lower in the treatment group. The KCCQ-CSS was significantly higher in the treatment group at 1 month (IQR: 46.5-87, P = 0.001) and 12 months (IQR: 55-93, P = 0.008). There was significant difference in 6MWD between the treatment group and the control group (IQR: 258-360 vs. IQR: 250-345, P = 0.002) at 1 month and (IQR: 360-445 vs. IQR: 345-432, P = 0.035) at 12 months. A modest correlation was found between SI and LVEF (r = 0.452, P < 0.01), KCCQ-CSS ( r = 0.440, P < 0.01) and 6MWD ( r = 0.384, P < 0.01) respectively at 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: The comprehensive RIC can improve SI, KCCQ-CSS and 6MWD. It may be an adjunctive therapy to PPCI in elderly patients with STEMI.

15.
Patterns (N Y) ; 3(7): 100543, 2022 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35845844

RESUMO

Obtaining a standardized benchmark of computational methods is a major issue in data-science communities. Dedicated frameworks enabling fair benchmarking in a unified environment are yet to be developed. Here, we introduce Codabench, a meta-benchmark platform that is open sourced and community driven for benchmarking algorithms or software agents versus datasets or tasks. A public instance of Codabench is open to everyone free of charge and allows benchmark organizers to fairly compare submissions under the same setting (software, hardware, data, algorithms), with custom protocols and data formats. Codabench has unique features facilitating easy organization of flexible and reproducible benchmarks, such as the possibility of reusing templates of benchmarks and supplying compute resources on demand. Codabench has been used internally and externally on various applications, receiving more than 130 users and 2,500 submissions. As illustrative use cases, we introduce four diverse benchmarks covering graph machine learning, cancer heterogeneity, clinical diagnosis, and reinforcement learning.

16.
Front Artif Intell ; 5: 905104, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35783353

RESUMO

Graph structured data is ubiquitous in daily life and scientific areas and has attracted increasing attention. Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) have been proved to be effective in modeling graph structured data and many variants of GNN architectures have been proposed. However, much human effort is often needed to tune the architecture depending on different datasets. Researchers naturally adopt Automated Machine Learning on Graph Learning, aiming to reduce human effort and achieve generally top-performing GNNs, but their methods focus more on the architecture search. To understand GNN practitioners' automated solutions, we organized AutoGraph Challenge at KDD Cup 2020, emphasizing automated graph neural networks for node classification. We received top solutions, especially from industrial technology companies like Meituan, Alibaba, and Twitter, which are already open sourced on GitHub. After detailed comparisons with solutions from academia, we quantify the gaps between academia and industry on modeling scope, effectiveness, and efficiency, and show that (1) academic AutoML for Graph solutions focus on GNN architecture search while industrial solutions, especially the winning ones in the KDD Cup, tend to obtain an overall solution (2) with only neural architecture search, academic solutions achieve on average 97.3% accuracy of industrial solutions (3) academic solutions are cheap to obtain with several GPU hours while industrial solutions take a few months' labors. Academic solutions also contain much fewer parameters.

17.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 4290, 2022 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35879282

RESUMO

The high-strength 7xxx series aluminium alloys can fulfil the need for light, high strength materials necessary to reduce carbon-emissions, and are extensively used in aerospace for weight reduction purposes. However, as all major high-strength materials, these alloys can be sensitive to stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) through anodic dissolution and hydrogen embrittlement (HE). Here, we study at the near-atomic-scale the intra- and inter-granular microstructure ahead and in the wake of a propagating SCC crack. Moving away from model alloys and non-industry standard tests, we perform a double cantilever beam (DCB) crack growth test on an engineering 7xxx Al-alloy. H is found segregated to planar arrays of dislocations and to grain boundaries that we can associate to the combined effects of hydrogen-enhanced localised plasticity (HELP) and hydrogen-enhanced decohesion (HEDE) mechanisms. We report on a Mg-rich amorphous hydroxide on the corroded crack surface and evidence of Mg-related diffusional processes leading to dissolution of the strengthening η-phase precipitates ahead of the crack.

18.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 4304419, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35837377

RESUMO

Tex264 is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane protein that was recently demonstrated to act as an ER-phagy receptor under starvation conditions to mediate endoplasmic reticulum autophagy. However, how Tex264 functions in the central nervous system (CNS) and tumors is unclear. Here, we identified 89 proteins from the rat brain that may specifically interact with Tex264 and confirmed the interaction between sorting nexin 27 (SNX27) and Tex264 by coimmunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence. Our results indicated that Tex264 may promote recycling of membrane proteins from endosomes to the cell plasma membrane by recruiting SNX27 retromer vesicles. siRNA-mediated knockdown of TEX264 in HeLa cells did not affect cell proliferation but did significantly inhibit cell migration through a mechanism that may involve a reduction in SNX27-mediated Itgα5 receptor membrane recycling. Results of this study helped identify potential binding Tex264 partners and provide insights into Tex264 functions in the CNS and in tumors.


Assuntos
Endossomos , Nexinas de Classificação , Animais , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Endossomos/metabolismo , Células HeLa , Humanos , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Transporte Proteico , Ratos , Nexinas de Classificação/genética , Nexinas de Classificação/metabolismo
19.
Yi Chuan ; 44(5): 370-382, 2022 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35729695

RESUMO

Insulin-secreting pancreatic beta cells are important for the regulation of glucose metabolism in vivo. Loss of beta cells could lead to diabetes. So far, islet transplantation is an effective way for diabetes therapy, but the shortage of donors limits its extensive application. Therefore, study on beta cell regeneration has great significance for the clinical treatment of diabetes. The major cellular sources of beta cells mainly include endogenous beta cell proliferation, pluripotent stem cell differentiation, and trans-differentiation from other non-beta cells. The existence of endogenous pancreatic stem cells or progenitors in adults remains controversial in the field. In this review, we briefly summarize the research advances of beta cell regeneration and discuss the potential problems of these approaches, to improve our understanding on the mechanisms of beta cell regeneration and provide theoretical information for clinical application.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Células Secretoras de Insulina , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes , Adulto , Diferenciação Celular , Humanos , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Regeneração/fisiologia
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