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1.
J Biophotonics ; : e202200320, 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36707914

RESUMO

Cystic echinococcosis in sheep is a serious zoonotic parasitic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus sensu stricto (s.s.). Presently, the screening technology for cystic echinococcosis in sheep is time-consuming and inaccurate, and novel screening technology is urgently needed. In this work, we combined machine learning algorithms with Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy of serum to establish a quick and accurate screening approach for Cystic echinococcosis in sheep. Serum samples from 77 E. granulosus s.s.-infected sheep, and 121 healthy control sheep were measured by FT-IR spectrometer. To optimize the classification accuracy of the serum FI-TR method for the E. granulosus s.s.-infected sheep and healthy control sheep, Principal component analysis (PCA), Linear discriminant analysis (LDA), and Support vector machine (SVM) algorithms were used to analyze the data. Among all the bands, 1500-1700 cm-1 band has the best classification effect, its diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of PCA-SVM were 100%, 95.74%, and 96.66%, respectively. The study showed that serum FT-IR spectroscopy combined with machine learning algorithms has great potential for rapid and accurate screening methods for the Cystic echinococcosis in sheep. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Chemosphere ; 316: 137870, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642150

RESUMO

The evaluation of heavy metals (HMs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) impact on arthritis is usually limited to the analysis of the arthritis subtype (rheumatoid arthritis, RA), whereas studies on osteoarthritis (OA) are relatively sparse. Furthermore, the combined effect of HMs and PAHs co-exposure on arthritis also has rarely been analyzed. Herein, we aimed to comprehensively estimate the association between HMs and PAHs (three blood HMs and six urinary PAHs metabolites) co-exposure and arthritis. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2003-2016, we included 9735 adults, of whom 2464 had total arthritis, 1371 had OA, and 468 had RA. The logistic regression model was conducted to estimate the single effect of HMs and PAHs on arthritis. Moreover, weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression, quantile-based g computation (qgcomp), and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) were separately performed to assess the combined effect of HMs and PAHs co-exposure on arthritis. In the single-exposure analyses, cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) statistically grew the risk of total arthritis, OA, and RA. Among PAHs, 1-hydroxynaphthalene (1-NAP) and 3-hydroxyfluorene (3-FLU) showed a positive association with total arthritis, OA, and RA. Meanwhile, 2-NAP also was significantly associated with total arthritis. 2-NAP, 2-FLU, and 1-hydroxyphenanthrene (1-PHE) also were significantly associated with RA. Furthermore, the three complementary models consistently demonstrated that co-exposure to high levels of HMs and PAHs was positively associated with total arthritis, OA, and RA risk. The above associations were more obvious in young and medium-aged people. Interestingly, BKMR analyses indicated that 1-NAP might interact with Cd and 3-FLU in total arthritis, while Pb might interact with Cd in OA. Therefore, this study provided novel evidence that co-exposure to HMs and PAHs positively correlated with arthritis, especially OA, and these results were worthy of further prospective studies.

3.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 51(D1): D621-D628, 2023 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624664

RESUMO

Quantitative activity and species source data of natural products (NPs) are important for drug discovery, medicinal plant research, and microbial investigations. Activity values of NPs against specific targets are useful for discovering targeted therapeutic agents and investigating the mechanism of medicinal plants. Composition/concentration values of NPs in individual species facilitate the assessments and investigations of the therapeutic quality of herbs and phenotypes of microbes. Here, we describe an update of the NPASS natural product activity and species source database previously featured in NAR. This update includes: (i) new data of ∼95 000 records of the composition/concentration values of ∼1 490 NPs/NP clusters in ∼390 species, (ii) extended data of activity values of ∼43 200 NPs against ∼7 700 targets (∼40% and ∼32% increase, respectively), (iii) extended data of ∼31 600 species sources of ∼94 400 NPs (∼26% and ∼32% increase, respectively), (iv) new species types of ∼440 co-cultured microbes and ∼420 engineered microbes, (v) new data of ∼66 600 NPs without experimental activity values but with estimated activity profiles from the established chemical similarity tool Chemical Checker, (vi) new data of the computed drug-likeness properties and the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity (ADMET) properties for all NPs. NPASS update version is freely accessible at http://bidd.group/NPASS.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Pesquisa Biomédica , Bases de Dados Factuais , Descoberta de Drogas , Preparações Farmacêuticas/isolamento & purificação
5.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 151(2): 331-342, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, there is a lack in therapy that promotes the reepithelialization of diabetic wounds as an alternative to skin grafting. Here, the authors hypothesized that extracellular vesicles from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC-EVs) could accelerate wound closure through rescuing the function of keratinocytes in diabetic mice. METHODS: The effect of ADSC-EVs on the biological function of human keratinocyte cells was assayed in vitro. In vivo, 81 male severe combined immune deficiency mice aged 8 weeks were divided randomly into the extracellular vesicle-treated diabetes group (n = 27), the phosphate-buffered saline-treated diabetes group (n = 27), and the phosphate-buffered saline-treated normal group (n = 27). A round, 8-mm-diameter, full-skin defect was performed on the back skin of each mouse. The wound closure kinetics, average healing time, reepithelialization rate, and neovascularization were evaluated by histological staining. RESULTS: In vitro, ADSC-EVs improved proliferation, migration, and proangiogenic potential, and inhibited the apoptosis of human keratinocyte cells by suppressing Fasl expression with the optimal dose of 40 µg/mL. In vivo, postoperative dripping of ADSC-EVs at the dose of 40 µg/mL accelerated diabetic wound healing, with a 15.8% increase in closure rate and a 3.3-day decrease in average healing time. ADSC-EVs improved reepithelialization (18.2%) with enhanced epithelial proliferation and filaggrin expression, and suppressed epithelial apoptosis and Fasl expression. A 2.7-fold increase in the number of CD31-positive cells was also observed. CONCLUSION: ADSC-EVs improve diabetic wound closure and angiogenesis by enhancing keratinocyte-mediated reepithelialization and vascularization. CLINICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: ADSC-EVs could be developed as a regenerative medicine for diabetic wound care.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Vesículas Extracelulares , Camundongos , Masculino , Humanos , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/terapia , Adipócitos , Células-Tronco/patologia , Fosfatos
6.
Environ Res ; : 115334, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36702192

RESUMO

Accumulating data demonstrate that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) exposure is linked to compromised respiratory diseases. This study aimed to analyze urinary PAH metabolites and their associations with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in a sample size of 3015 subjects from a total population of 50,588 from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in 2007-2016. Results showed that the most predominant metabolite was 1-Hydroxynaphthalene (1-NAP, 84%) with a geometric mean concentration of 50,265 ng/L, followed by its homologue 2-NAP (10%), both of which arose from sources including road emission, smoking and cooking. Multiple logistic regression showed that seven of the ten major PAH metabolites were correlated with increased COPD risk: including 1-NAP (OR: 1.83, 95%CI: 1.25, 2.69), 2-Hydroxyfluorene (2-FLU, OR: 2.29, 95%CI: 1.42, 3.68) and 1-Hydroxyphenanthrene (1-PHE, OR: 2.79, 95%CI: 1.85, 4.21), when compared to the lowest tertile after adjusted for covariates. Total exposure burden per PAH congener sub-group demonstrated persistent positive correlation with COPD for ∑PHE (OR: 1.80, 95%CI: 1.34, 2.43) and ∑FLU (OR: 2.74, 95%CI: 1.77, 4.23) after adjusted for covariates. To address the contribution of PAH exposure as mixture towards COPD, weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression analyses revealed that 1-NAP, 9-Hydroxyfluorene (9-FLU), 3-Hydroxyfluorene (3-FLU) and 1-PHE were among the top contributors in the associations with COPD. Our results demonstrate the contemporary yet ongoing exposure burden of PAH exposure for over a decade, particularly towards NAPs and FLUs that contribute significantly to COPD risk, calling for more timely environmental regulation.

7.
J Clin Neurol ; 19(1): 67-75, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36606648

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is common in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Early recognition OH is required with sensitive assessments. The purpose of this study was to determine whether blood pressure (BP) changes during exercise can predict the occurrence of OH in PD. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 80 consecutive patients with PD. All patients agreed to participate in a baseline evaluation and cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). According to the initial active standing test (AST), those without OH (PD-nonOH) at baseline had their AST results followed up for 6 months. The main outcome was defined as whether patients without OH at baseline would develop OH after 6 months. Logistic regression analysis was applied to identify the relevant variables. A nomogram was constructed based on clinical features and identified variables. The concordance index (C-index) and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the accuracy and predictive ability of the nomogram, respectively. RESULTS: CPET results indicated that peak load, peak heart rate, heart rate recovery at 1 min, and systolic BP change (ΔSBP) were lower in those with OH than in the PD-nonOH group (p<0.05) at baseline. Logistic regression analysis indicated that peak load and ΔSBP during CPET had significant effects on OH (p<0.05). Age, sex, peak load, and ΔSBP were used to construct the nomogram model (C-index=0.761). The prediction model had an AUC of 0.782 (95% confidence interval=0.649-0.889) and a specificity and sensitivity of 70.0% and 81.8%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study has identified predictive factors for OH development in patients with PD. CPET could be used as a complementary examination to identify patients at a high risk of OH.

8.
BMJ Open ; 13(1): e065162, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36693693

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Digital technologies present tremendous opportunities for enabling long-term measurement of mental health in the general population. Emerging studies have established preliminary efficacy of collecting self-report data digitally. However, a key challenge when developing a new self-report instrument is navigating the abundance of existing instruments to select relevant constructs for measurements. This review is a precursor to developing a novel future integrated digital instrument for repeated measurements. We interrogate the literature as the first step towards optimal measurement of the multifaceted mental health concept, in the context of digital repeated measurement. This review aims to identify (1) digital self-report instruments administered repeatedly to measure the mental health of the general adult population; (2) their structure and format; (3) their psychometric properties; (4) their usage in empirical studies; and (5) the constructs these instruments were designed to measure (as characterised in the original publication), and the constructs the instruments have been used to measure in the identified empirical studies. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Five major electronic databases will be searched. Studies administering mental health instruments (in English) repeatedly to community dwellers in the general adult population are eligible. A reviewer will preliminarily screen for eligible studies. Then, two reviewers will independently screen the full text of the eligible articles and extract data. Both reviewers will resolve any disagreement through discussion or with a third reviewer. After the data extraction, a reviewer will manually search for the structure, format, psychometric properties and the original constructs these instruments were developed to measure. This review will synthesise the results in a narrative approach. The reporting in this review will be guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses checklist. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval is not required as no data will be collected. Findings of the systematic review will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publications and conference presentations. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42022306547.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Projetos de Pesquisa , Humanos , Adulto , Autorrelato , Psicometria , Dissidências e Disputas , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680430

RESUMO

Four new PKS-NRPS-derived macrolide lactams (1-4) with three unique ring fusion types were discovered from the Arctic sponge-associated actinomycete Streptomyces somaliensis 1107 using a genome mining strategy. Their structures were elucidated by a combination of HRESIMS, NMR spectroscopic analyses, and single crystal X-ray diffraction methods. Biosynthetically, a novel gene cluster sml consisting of three polyketide synthases and one hybrid polyketide synthase-nonribosomal peptide synthetase together with cytochrome P450s and flavin-containing monooxygenases and oxidoreductases was demonstrated to assemble the unique skeleton. Pharmacological studies revealed that compound 1 displayed a potent anti-inflammatory effect without cytotoxicity. It inhibited IL-6 and TNF-α release in the serum of LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophage cells with IC50 values of 5.76 and 0.18 µM, respectively, and modulated the MAPK pathway. Moreover, compound 1 alleviated LPS-induced systemic inflammation in our transgenic fluorescent zebrafish model.

11.
FASEB J ; 37(2): e22776, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688817

RESUMO

AQP5 plays a crucial role in maintaining corneal transparency and the barrier function of the cornea. Here, we found that in the corneas of Aqp5-/- mice at older than 6 months, loss of AQP5 significantly increased corneal neovascularization, inflammatory cell infiltration, and corneal haze. The results of immunofluorescence staining showed that upregulation of K1, K10, and K14, and downregulation of K12 and Pax6 were detected in Aqp5-/- cornea and primary corneal epithelial cells. Loss of AQP5 aggravated wound-induced corneal neovascularization, inflammation, and haze. mRNA sequencing, western blotting, and qRT-PCR showed that Wnt2 and Wnt6 were significantly decreased in Aqp5-/- corneas and primary corneal epithelial cells, accompanied by decreased aggregation in the cytoplasm and nucleus of ß-catenin. IIIC3 significantly suppressed corneal neovascularization, inflammation, haze, and maintained corneal transparent epithelial in Aqp5-/- corneas. We also found that pre-stimulated Aqp5-/- primary corneal epithelial cells with IIIC3 caused the decreased expression of K1, K10, and K14, the increased expression of K12, Pax6, and increased aggregation in the cytoplasm and nucleus of ß-catenin. These findings revealed that AQP5 may regulate corneal epithelial homeostasis and function through the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Together, we uncovered a possible role of AQP5 in determining corneal epithelial cell fate and providing a potential therapeutic target for corneal epithelial dysfunction.


Assuntos
Neovascularização da Córnea , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Camundongos , Animais , Aquaporina 5/genética , Neovascularização da Córnea/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Córnea/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608286

RESUMO

Using a simulation based method, this paper analysis the damage effect of blast wave and fragments on human body and the protective effect of bulletproof vest. The results show that compared with the single blast shock wave, the chest injury is more serious under the combined action of blast shock wave and fragments. The peak stress of sternum, costal cartilage and rib increases by 334.34%, 170.23% and 39.72%, respectively. The peak stress on the side of the lung decreases by 3.95%, with little change. The peak stress on the front and back of the lung increases by 83.58% and 409.09% respectively. Overall, the lung injury is aggravated. With the addition of the bulletproof vest, the damage caused by fragments is reduced, and the peak stress of the sternum and the costal cartilage decreases by 48.77% and 69.78%, respectively. Due to the interaction of the blast wave with the vest and the chest, the damage caused by blast wave is aggravated. The peak stress of rib increases by 13.55%, and the peak stress of lung front, side and back increases by 1.22%, 6.51% and 3.57%, respectively.

13.
Biol Reprod ; 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36617174

RESUMO

Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is a common pathological problem during pregnancy, and its clinical etiology is complex and unclear. Dysfunction of trophoblasts may cause a series of pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (PE), fetal growth restriction and RPL. Recently, lncRNAs have been found to be closely related to the occurrence and regulation of pregnancy-related diseases, but few studies have focused on their role in RPL. In this study, we identified a novel lncRNA BBOX1-AS1 that was significantly upregulated in villous tissues and serum of RPL patients. Functionally, BBOX1-AS1 inhibited proliferation, migration, invasion, tube formation and promoted apoptosis of trophoblast cells. Mechanistically, overexpression of BBOX1-AS1 activated the p38 and JNK MAPK signaling pathways by upregulating GADD45A expression. Further studies indicated that BBOX1-AS1 could increase the stability of GADD45A mRNA by binding hnRNPK and ultimately cause abnormal trophoblast function. Collectively, our study highlights that the BBOX1-AS1/hnRNPK/GADD45A axis plays an important role in trophoblast-induced RPL and that BBOX1-AS1 may serve as a potential target for the diagnosis of RPL.

14.
Opt Express ; 31(1): 265-273, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36606965

RESUMO

We demonstrate an efficient wavelength-selectable output in the attractive deep-red spectral region from an intracavity frequency converted Nd:YLF/KGW Raman laser. Driven by an acousto-optic Q-switched 1314 nm Nd:YLF laser, two first-Stokes waves at 1461 and 1490 nm were generated owing to the bi-axial properties of KGW crystal. By incorporating intracavity sum-frequency generation and second-harmonic generation with an angle-tuned bismuth borate (BIBO) crystal, four discrete deep-red laser emission lines were yielded at the wavelengths of 692, 698, 731, and 745 nm. Under the incident pump power of 50 W and the repetition rate of 4 kHz, the maximum average output powers of 2.4, 2.7, 3.3, and 3.6 W were attained with the pulse durations of 3.4, 3.2, 4.3, and 3.7 ns, respectively, corresponding to the peak powers up to 177, 209, 190, and 245 kW. The results indicate that the Nd:YLF/KGW Raman laser combined with an angle-adjusted BIBO crystal provides a reliable and convenient approach to achieve the selectable multi-wavelength deep-red laser with short pulse duration and high peak power.

15.
Exp Ther Med ; 25(1): 54, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36588819

RESUMO

The current study aimed to determine the expression of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (Cpt1a) in the lung tissue of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and its correlation with lung function. An increase in Cpt1a expression improved lung function in patients with COPD by inhibiting apoptosis and the inflammatory response of lung endothelial cells. Lung tissues of 20 patients with COPD and 10 control patients were collected, their Cpt1a expression was determined by western blotting and apoptosis and inflammation were assessed by haematoxylin-eosin staining, TUNEL assay and ELISA. Mice with knockout or overexpression of Cpt1a were constructed by lentivirus in vivo. A COPD model was induced by cigarette smoke and the role of Cpt1a in COPD was determined in vivo and in vitro. Cpt1a expression was positively correlated with lung function and negatively correlated with apoptosis and inflammation. Patients with COPD with higher expression of Cpt1a in lung tissues had improved lung function indices and lung tissue morphology with less apoptosis and decreased inflammatory response. Compared with the control group, COPD mice with Cpt1a knockdown had aggravated lung dysfunction and increased lung inflammation and apoptosis. Overexpression of Cpt1a alleviated lung dysfunction and reduced inflammatory response and apoptosis of lung tissues in COPD mice. Pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells of mice were isolated in vitro and the results were consistent with the findings obtained in vivo. In conclusion, the clinical, in vivo and in vitro data confirmed for the first time that Cpt1a alleviated lung dysfunction of patients with COPD by inhibiting apoptosis of endothelial cells and inflammatory responses.

16.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 14(2): 576-583, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633437

RESUMO

Although ultrafast control of the nonthermally driven ferroelectric transition of paraelectric SrTiO3 was achieved under laser excitation, the underlying mechanism and dynamics of the photoinduced phase transition remain ambiguous. Here, the determinant formation mechanism of ultrafast ferroelectricity in SrTiO3 is traced by nonadiabatic dynamics simulations. That is, the selective excitation of multiple phonons, induced by photoexcited electrons through the strong correlation between electronic excitation and lattice distortion, results in the breaking of the crystal central symmetry and the onset of ferroelectricity. The accompanying population transition between 3dz2 and 3dx2-y2 orbitals excites multiple phonon branches, including the two high-energy longitudinal optical modes, so as to drive the titanium ion away from the center of the oxygen octahedron and generate a metastable ferroelectric phase. Our findings reveal a cooperative electronic and ionic driving mechanism for the laser-induced ferroelectricity that provides new schemes for the optical control of ultrafast quantum states.

17.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2023: 5199810, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36644582

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major risk factor for ischemic stroke. We aimed to identify novel potential biomarkers with diagnostic value in patients with atrial fibrillation-related cardioembolic stroke (AF-CE).Publicly available gene expression profiles related to AF, cardioembolic stroke (CE), and large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified and then functionally annotated. The support vector machine recursive feature elimination (SVM-RFE) and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression analysis were conducted to identify potential diagnostic AF-CE biomarkers. Furthermore, the results were validated by using external data sets, and discriminability was measured by the area under the ROC curve (AUC). In order to verify the predictive results, the blood samples of 13 healthy controls, 20 patients with CE, and 20 patients with LAA stroke were acquired for RT-qPCR, and the correlation between biomarkers and clinical features was further explored. Lastly, a nomogram and the companion website were developed to predict the CE-risk rate. Three feature genes (C1QC, VSIG4, and CFD) were selected and validated in the training and the external datasets. The qRT-PCR evaluation showed that the levels of blood biomarkers (C1QC, VSIG4, and CFD) in patients with AF-CE can be used to differentiate patients with AF-CE from normal controls (P < 0.05) and can effectively discriminate AF-CE from LAA stroke (P < 0.05). Immune cell infiltration analysis revealed that three feature genes were correlated with immune system such as neutrophils. Clinical impact curve, calibration curves, ROC, and DCAs of the nomogram indicate that the nomogram had good performance. Our findings showed that C1QC, VSIG4, and CFD can potentially serve as diagnostic blood biomarkers of AF-CE; novel nomogram and the companion website can help clinicians to identify high-risk individuals, thus helping to guide treatment decisions for stroke patients.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Fibrilação Atrial , AVC Embólico , Humanos , Aterosclerose/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/genética , Biomarcadores , AVC Embólico/diagnóstico , AVC Embólico/genética , AVC Embólico/complicações
18.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 36(1): 1-9, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650677

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this case-control study was to explore the association between serum uric acid to high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (UHR) and the risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in Chinese adults. Methods: A total of 636 patients with NAFLD and 754 controls were enrolled from the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, China, between January and December 2016. All patients completed a comprehensive questionnaire survey and underwent abdominal ultrasound examination and a blood test. NAFLD was diagnosed using ultrasonography after other etiologies were excluded. Logistic regression and restricted cubic spline model were conducted to evaluate the relationship of UHR with NAFLD risk. Results: The multivariable adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval, CI) for NAFLD in the highest versus lowest quartile of UHR was 3.888 (2.324-6.504). In analyses stratified by sex and age, we observed significant and positive associations between UHR and the risk of NAFLD in each subgroup. In analyses stratified by body mass index (BMI), a significant and positive association was found only in individuals with a BMI of ≥ 24 kg/m2. Our dose-response analysis indicated a linear positive correlation between UHR and the risk of NAFLD. Conclusion: UHR is positively associated with the risk of NAFLD and may serve as an innovative and noninvasive marker for identifying individuals at risk of NAFLD.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Adulto , Ácido Úrico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , HDL-Colesterol , Fatores de Risco
19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 251: 114548, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36652742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Environmental cadmium (Cd) exposure is linked to pulmonary function injury in the general population. But, the association between blood Cd concentration and pulmonary function has not been investigated thoroughly in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, and the potential mechanisms are unclear. METHODS: All eligible 789 COPD patients were enrolled from Anhui COPD cohort. Blood specimens and clinical information were collected. Pulmonary function test was conducted. The subunit of telomerase, telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT), was determined through enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Blood Cd was measured via inductively coupled-mass spectrometer (ICP-MS). RESULTS: Blood Cd was negatively and dose-dependently associated with pulmonary function. Each 1-unit increase of blood Cd was associated with 0.861 L decline in FVC, 0.648 L decline in FEV1, 5.938 % decline in FEV1/FVC %, and 22.098 % decline in FEV1 % among COPD patients, respectively. Age, current-smoking, self-cooking and higher smoking amount aggravated Cd-evoked pulmonary function decrease. Additionally, there was an inversely dose-response association between Cd concentration and TERT in COPD patients. Elevated TERT obviously mediated 29.53 %, 37.50 % and 19.48 % of Cd-evoked FVC, FEV1, and FEV1 % declines in COPD patients, respectively. CONCLUSION: Blood Cd concentration is strongly associated with the decline of pulmonary function and telomerase activity among COPD patients. Telomere attrition partially mediates Cd-induced pulmonary function decline, suggesting an underlying mechanistic role of telomere attrition in pulmonary function decline from Cd exposure in COPD patients.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646911

RESUMO

Emerging data have suggested that probiotics had good potential in regulating intestinal flora and preventing hypertension. Some studies in human and animal models have demonstrated probiotic intervention could attenuate hypertension, regulate intestinal flora to increase the abundance of beneficial bacteria, and regulate intestinal microbial metabolites such as trimethylamine oxide, short-chain fatty acids, and polyphenols. However, there is still some debate as to whether probiotics exert effective benefits. These recently published reviews did not systematically expound on the heterogeneity between the effect and mechanism of probiotics with different types, doses, and carriers to exert antihypertensive effects, as well as the possible application of probiotics in the prevention and treatment of hypertension in food and clinic. Here we try to systematically review the association between hypertension and intestinal microflora, the effect of probiotics and their metabolites on hypertension, and the recent research progress on the specific mechanism of probiotics on hypertension. In addition, we also summarized the potential application of probiotics in antihypertension. Future challenges include elucidating the functions of metabolites produced by microorganisms and their downstream pathway or molecules, identifying specific strains, not just microbial communities, and developing therapeutic interventions that target hypertension by modulation of gut microbes and metabolites.

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