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1.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(9): 1020-1023, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496492

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical and molecular pathologic features of uterine inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (UIMT). Methods: Six UIMT cases collected at Department of Pathology, Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University from 2019 to 2020. They were analyzed for their general characteristics and clinicopathologic features. ALK rearrangements were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Results: The age of the six patients ranged from 14 to 65 years, the tumors ranged in size from 2.5 to 6.0 cm. The masses were intramural or submucosal in location. Most of them (4/6) were white with yellow foci, and two (2/6) were white with tan foci. Other features noted included a soft or firm appearance. The fasciitis-like pattern of UIMT had myxoid stroma around the spindle cells and inflammatory cells. The ganglion-like pattern showed either fascicular or storiform architecture with diffuse growth. Nuclear atypia was mild or moderate. Mitoses ranged from 2 to 4 per 10 high-power fields. Five tumors were ALK-positive with granular cytoplasmic staining by immunohistochemistry. ALK rearrangements were detected in five cases but was absent in one case. Conclusions: UIMT is an intermediate grade soft tissue tumor, a minority may present with extrauterine spread and/or recurrence. The tumors are composed of spindled cells. The main differentials include smooth muscle tumors and endometrial stromal tumors and their morphology may overlap with that of UIMT. Immunohistochemical positivity for ALK or FISH testing for ALK rearrangements can help in the diagnosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/genética , China , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/genética , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 35(Special Issue on Internal Medicine n.1)2021 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34350747

RESUMO

In this study, MicroRNA-210 (miR-210), which was previously proved to be a potential immunomodulator in various disease, attenuated mouse myocardium ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. miR-210 was increased in cardiomyocytes exposed to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R). The expression of IL-6 and TNF-α in both serum and supernatant were reduced in miR-210 mimics groups. Mice were randomly divided into four groups, which were pre-treated with saline (sham and ischemia/reperfusion group), miR-210 mimics and miR-210 inhibitor treatments. Three days later, the mouse IR model was established by ischemia for 30 min, followed by reperfusion for 3 h. Myocardium and plasma were harvested and assessed. The myocardium histopathological changes were reduced in miR-210 mimics groups, and serum levels of Creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) and Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were significantly decreased compared with I/R groups. The protein expression of proinflammatory factor interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-6 were suppressed by the up-regulation of miR-210. The expression of miR-210 was negatively correlated with the expression of nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB). In conclusion, our study indicates that miR-210 protects heart from myocardium I/R injury via suppressing NF-κB signal pathway.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/genética , Miócitos Cardíacos , NF-kappa B/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
3.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(8): 816-820, 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404150

RESUMO

Effective removal of dental plaque is a key measure to prevent and control common oral diseases and to maintain the long-term effect of dental prostheses. The methods of oral plaque control are mainly depending on mechanical measures, including regular toothbrushing, interdental cleaning and oral irrigation. Toothbrushing is the most common and effective method for mechanical removal of dental plaque.How ever the effect of toothbrushing alone to remove dental plaque is limited. It is necessary to control the interdental plaque using tools such as dental floss and interdental brushes. Oral irrigation is an assistant method to improve oral hygiene. Toothbrushing combined with the use of oral irrigator can significantly improve the removal rate of dental plaque. The present article reviews the research progress of the mechanical plaque control methods and their application results.

4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(7): 3007-3014, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33877664

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cerebral hemorrhage can cause hemorrhagic stroke, leading to severe brain damage. MiRNA-155 is closely related to the development of stroke. However, the regulatory mechanism of miRNA-155 during cerebral ischemia has not yet been elucidated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SD rats were separated to sham operation group, model group, miRNA-155 inhibitor group and miRNA-155 agonist group followed by analysis of neural function, miRNA-155 and pacemaker ion channel hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) expression by Real Time PCR. Meanwhile, Caspase 3 activity, glutamic acid (Glu) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) content were also measured along with analysis of IL-6 and IL-1ß secretion by ELISA as well as reactive oxygen species (ROS) content and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. RESULTS: Compared to sham operation group, model group presented significantly elevated miRNA-155 level and Longa score, decreased HCN expression, elevated Caspase 3 activity and Glu content, and reduced GABA and SOD activity. Meanwhile, model group also had elevated IL-6 and IL-1ß secretion, and ROS content (p<0.05). The miRNA-155 agonist group further exacerbated these changes (p<0.01). The miRNA-155 inhibitor group could inhibit miRNA-155 expression and significantly reverse the above pathological changes (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: miRNA-155 is increased in cerebral ischemia. Regulation of miRNA-155 expression can target neuronal pacing ion channel HCN channel to regulate the release of amino acid transmitters, thereby alleviating the progress of cerebral ischemia.

5.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(3): 1436-1446, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629313

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Atopic eczema (AE) is a chronic relapsing inflammatory skin disease. This study aims to identify key genes related to the development of AE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The GSE6012 dataset was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The limma package was used to analyze differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Then, the weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) package was utilized to generate weighted correlation networks of up-and downregulated genes. Additionally, the WGCNA package was used for enrichment analyses to explore the underlying functions of DEGs in modules (weighted correlation sub-networks) significantly associated with AE. RESULTS: A total of 515 DEGs were identified between lesional and non-lesional skin samples. For the upregulated genes, the blue module was found to have a significant positive correlation with AE. Importantly, small proline-rich protein 2C (SPRR2C) and defensin, beta 4A (DEFB4A) exhibited higher |log fold change (FC) values and were the key nodes of the network. Moreover, KEGG pathway analysis revealed that the upregulated genes in the blue module were primarily involved in cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction. Additionally, for the downregulated genes, the brown module was found to have a significant positive correlation with AE. Further, WNT inhibitory factor 1 (WIF1), cryptochrome 2 (CRY2), and keratin 19 (KRT19) had higher |log FC| values and were key nodes of the network. CONCLUSIONS: SPRR2C, DEFB4A, WIF1, CRY2, KRT19 and cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction might be correlated with the development of AE.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas Ricas em Prolina do Estrato Córneo/genética , Criptocromos/genética , Dermatite Atópica/genética , Queratina-19/genética , beta-Defensinas/genética , Citocinas/genética , Humanos , Receptores de Citocinas/genética
6.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(1): 51-54, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397022

RESUMO

To assess the correlation between thyroid function and glucolipid metabolism in type 1 diabetic adults. A retrospective analysis was conducted in 230 type 1 diabetic adults who were hospitalized in the Department of Endocrinology of Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from January 2008 to January 2020. It showed that thyroid stimulating hormone(TSH) was significantly positively correlated with total cholesterol (TC) (r=0.239), triglycerides (TG) (r=0.166) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (r=0.249), respectively (all P<0.05). Free triiodothyronine (FT3) was significantly negatively correlated with fasting plasma glucose (FPG) (r=-0.272), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) (r=-0.240), TC (r=-0.197) and LDL-C (r=-0.220), respectively (all P<0.05). Free thyroxine (FT4) was negatively correlated with TC (r=-0.171) and LDL-C (r=-0.170), respectively (all P<0.05). TC was an independent predictor of TSH, FT3 and FT4, FT3 and FT4 were independent predictors of HbA1c. TSH was an independent predictor of TC, TG and LDL-C. Thyroid function is closely related to glucolipid metabolism in type 1 diabetic adults.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Glândula Tireoide , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Testes de Função Tireóidea , Tireotropina , Tri-Iodotironina
7.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(12): 1300-1304, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33287517

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the pathologic findings from biopsy samples to predict the status of nodal metastasis for patients with usual cervical adenocarcinoma. Methods: The 32-pair samples of cervical adenocarcinoma specimens (32 cervical biopsies and 32 hysterectomies with staging) from 2013 to 2019 were selected for retrospective study in Shanghai first Maternal and infant Health Care Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University. The correlation between histopathologic features including necrotic tumor debris (NTD), nuclear grade, mitotic count and pattern-based classification system and the status of lymph node metastasis was evaluated. Results: Tumor invasive patterns of cervical adenocarcinoma, as described previously, could be discerned in hysterectomy/staging specimens, but not in cervical biopsies. Because the biopsy tissues were small, only 14(14/32, 43.8%) cases could be classified according to pattern of invasion, and the concordance rate with resected specimens was 37.5%. NTD (9/19) and grade 3 nuclei (11/19) were positively correlated with invasive pattern C and nodal metastases (P<0.05). Moreover, when NTD and (or) nuclear grade were evaluated at the same time, the sensitivity for type C infiltration was higher. Conclusions: Evaluation of NTD and nuclear grade in biopsies for cervical adenocarcinoma provides good predictive value for lymph node metastasis. It is helpful for patient stratification and management andto avoid unnecessary staging procedures. However, multicenter studies and prospective clinical trials are necessary to confirm the findings before clinical application can be considered.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Biópsia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(11): 1848-1858, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297650

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the disease burden of liver cancer in China. Methods: Based on eight data sources, including the series of Chinese Cancer Registry Annual Report, three national death cause surveys in China, China Health Statistical Yearbook, China Death Cause Surveillance Datasets, GLOBOCAN, Cancer Incidence in Five Continents (CI5), WHO Mortality Database and the Global Burden of Disease (GBD), the information on incidence, mortality and disability-adjusted life year (DALY) of liver cancer, were extracted for the analysis on the past, current and future disease burden caused by liver cancer in China. Results: 1) Past situation: The long-term data from 1973 to 2012 reported by the CI5 showed that in urban populations in China (taking Shanghai as an example), the incidence rate of liver cancer in males and females decreased by 41.3% and 36.3%, respectively, and that in rural areas (taking Qidong as an example) decreased by 32.3% and 12.2%, respectively. The Chinese Cancer Registry Annual Reports showed that the national incidence and mortality rates of liver cancer decreased by 8.1% and 12.8% respectively from 2005 to 2015. The Joinpoint analysis based on the data from the China Health Statistics Yearbook also showed a declining trend: the average annual percentage change of liver cancer mortality in China from 2002 to 2017 was -3.0% (P<0.05), and that in rural areas was -3.1% (P<0.05). 2) Current status: GLOBOCAN estimates that the rates of incidence, mortality and prevalence of liver cancer in China in 2018 were 18.3 per 100 000, 17.1 per 100 000 and 10.8 per 100 000, respectively. According to the latest annual report, the incidence and mortality rates of liver cancer in cancer registration areas in 2015 were 17.6 per 100 000 and 15.3 per 100 000, respectively, and both increased with age. The mortality rate was similar to that reported in 2017 (16.7 per 100 000) by the China Death Cause Surveillance Datasets, and the male to female ratio of live cancer deaths was estimated as 3.1. The GBD 2017 reports that the DALYs caused by liver cancer in China reached 11 153.0 thousand in 2017 (accounting for 53.7% of the global DALYs) and hepatitis B virus infection was always the leading cause. 3) Prediction: The GLOBOCAN 2018 predicts that, by 2040, the number of liver cancer cases and deaths in China would reach 591 000 and 572 000 (with an increase of 50.5% and 54.9%, respectively, compared with those in 2018), with a more significant increase in people over 70 years old. 4) Economic burden: According to the literature review of economic burden data on liver cancer, the direct medical expenditure per patient with liver cancer generally showed a rising trend. Conclusions: Multiple data sources indicate that the incidence and mortality rates of liver cancer in populations in China decreased in the past decades, indicating the effect of population interventions. However, the population-level disease burden are still substantial, and comprehensive intervention strategies need to be continually strengthened and optimized, especially the primary and secondary prevention.


Assuntos
Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Masculino , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(20): 10542-10549, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155210

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of oxaliplatin on intestinal floras, inflammation level, apoptosis-related gene expressions and oxidative stress in rats with colorectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 adult Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were selected as research objects and were divided into control group, model group and oxaliplatin group. Rats in control group were raised normally, without any treatment. Rats in model group were subcutaneously injected with dimethylhydrazine (25 mg/kg) to establish the model of colorectal cancer. Meanwhile, rats in oxaliplatin group were injected with oxaliplatin (15 mg/kg) once every 2 weeks for 12 consecutive weeks. Peripheral blood, intestinal tumor tissues and feces were collected from rats. In addition, inflammatory indexes [tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-1ß], oxidative stress indexes [catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), reduced glutathione (GSH) and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC)], expressions of apoptosis-related genes [apoptotic protease activating factor-1 (Apaf1), Caspase-9, Survivin and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)] and intestinal floras were detected. RESULTS: The abundance of microorganisms such as Sphaerobacterales, Adlercreutzia and Coriobacterium glomerans increased significantly in the intestines in control group (p<0.05). However, the abundance of Bifidobacterium, Rikenellaceae and Paraprevotella in the intestines was obviously higher in model group (p<0.05). Oxaliplatin group exhibited remarkably higher abundance of such microorganisms as Cyanobacteria, Alistipes and Metascardovia in rat intestines (p<0.05). The content of Alistipes was the highest in oxaliplatin group, followed by control group and model group, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). The levels of serum TNF-α, CRP and IL-1ß were remarkably higher in model group than those in control group (p<0.05). Oxaliplatin group exhibited notably lower levels of serum TNF-α, CRP and IL-1ß (p<0.05) and higher IL-4 level than model group (p<0.05). The content of serum CAT, SOD, GSH and T-AOC was markedly elevated in model group compared with control group (p<0.05). However, it was significantly reduced in oxaliplatin group in comparison with model group (p<0.05). Compared with control group, model group had distinctly lower expressions of Apaf1, Caspase-9 and Survivin but an evidently higher expression level of Bcl-2 in tumor tissues (p<0.05). Moreover, the expressions of Apaf1, Caspase-9 and Survivin were clearly higher, while that of Bcl-2 was prominently lower in tumor tissues in oxaliplatin group than model group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Oxaliplatin exerts significant effects on the inflammation, oxidative stress, apoptosis-related genes and intestinal floras in rats with CRC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Oxaliplatina/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9522-9531, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015794

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to have important effects on various biological behavior of human diseases. Although increasing lncRNAs have been explored in human cancers, there are still countless lncRNA to be mined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of lncRNA SNHG16 on the proliferation and metastasis of lung cancer cells. PATIENTS AND METHODS: RT-qPCR was used to analyze the expression patterns of SNHG16, miR-520 and VEGF. MTT and transwell methods were used to detect the effect of SNHG16 on cell migration. The association between SNHG16, miR-520 and VEGF was analyzed by bioinformatics analysis and Dual-Luciferase verification reporter analysis. Finally, lung cancer cells have demonstrated the role of SNHG16-miR-520-VEGF in the cell biological behavior axis. RESULTS: Compared with normal cells, SNHG16 is highly expressed in lung cancer cells. Silent SNHG16 has a negative effect on the migration of lung cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA SNHG16 as ceRNA up-regulates VEGF in lung cancer cells by binding to miR-520. LncRNA SNHG16 as ceRNA promotes the migration of lung cancer cells by regulating the miR-520/VEGF axis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
12.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 121(9): 680-685, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990018

RESUMO

AIM: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is characterized by macrophage polarization, and at present, no drug therapy is available. Although grape-seed polyphenols (GSP) showed an anti-AAA effect, the role of GSP in the phenotype shift in macrophages remains unknown. METHOD: The main phenolic compounds in GSP were determined by LC-MS. Male C57BL/6 mice were divided into four equal groups, namely sham group, CaPO4 group, CaPO4+GSP low-dose group, and CaPO4+GSP high-dose group. GSP was administered intragastrically after CaPO4 application. Molecular expressions were histologically evaluated and analyzed by various staining assays and FACS. RESULTS: GSP administration inhibited CaPO4-induced AAA formation, which correlated with a decrease in macrophage infiltration and retainment of vascular smooth muscle layer as compared to those in the CaPO4 group. FACS assay showed that the GSP administration dose-dependently decreased the CD54 expression (low-dose group: 11.4 ± 2.1 % and high-dose group: 4.8 ± 1.4 % vs 23.2 ± 3.6 %; p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively) and increased the CD206 expression of F4/80-positive cells in GSP-administered groups as compared with that in CaPO4-injured aortas in the CaPO4 group (low-dose group: 22.4 ± 3.3 % and high-dose group: 26.7 ± 4.2 % vs 8.1 ± 1.3 %; p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: GSP could be a pharmacologically potent agent in the treatment of AAA (Tab. 1, Fig. 3,Ref. 20). Text in PDF www.elis.sk Keywords: grape-seed polyphenols, abdominal aortic aneurysm, macrophage, inflammatory, polarization.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Macrófagos , Polifenóis , Vitis , Animais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/fisiologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Sementes
13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(8): 1272-1279, 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867435

RESUMO

Objective: To quantitatively evaluate the relationship between sleep duration and metabolic syndrome in adults in order to set up programs on prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome in this population. Methods: Relevant studies were identified by systematically searching databases before October 2019. All statistical analyses were under the use of Stata 11.0. Results: A total of 656 319 participants including 150 638 cases with metabolic syndrome were involved in thes 38 articles. A U-shaped relationship between sleep duration and metabolic syndrome was noticed. For short and long sleep duration, the OR=1.11 (95%CI: 1.07-1.16) and 1.10 (95%CI: 1.03-1.18), respectively. Subgroup analyses on cross-sectional studies revealed that factors as men, aged under 60 years, being Asians or Caucasians would increase the risk of metabolic syndrome by 6%, 14%, 9%, and 24%, respectively for those with short sleep duration. Factors as aged 60 years and above, being black and with long sleep duration, would increase the risks of metabolic syndrome by 13% and 19%, respectively in women. In subgroup analyses on cohort studies, positive correlation between short sleep duration and metabolic syndrome was observed in both Asian (RR=1.10, 95%CI: 1.07-1.13) and in Caucasians (RR=1.56, 95%CI: 1.08-2.26) populations. Conclusions: Results of this study revealed an association between metabolic syndrome and the duration of sleep. We understand that sleep is a behavior that can be changed step by step, through adequate intervention programs, to reduce the risk of metabolic syndrome which has become an important public health issue.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Sono , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(10): 839-843, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32992437

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinic features of isolated myeloid sarcoma (IMS) involving the pleural cavity. Methods: A case of pleural isolated myeloid sarcoma (PIMS) with pleural effusion as the first manifestation was described. The related cases in literatures were reviewed with"myeloid sarcoma"and"pleural effusions"as the keywords to search China HowNet, Wanfang database and PubMed database. Results: A 59-year-old man complained of right chest pain for 2 months and worsening pain with distress and shortness of breath for 2 weeks. The chest CT scan showed pleural effusion on the right side. Flow cytometric analysis of pleural fluid showed that a population of blasts with CD34 expressing was 37.6% of the total nucleated cells. The pleural biopsy through medical thoracoscopy indicated lymphoproliferative lesions by pathological examination. Immunohistochemistry was performed on pleural histological sections and cell blocks of pleural effusions, which showed CD34 and CD117 positive expression. The diagnosis of PIMS was finally made. Two literature papers with 2 complete cases were found and reviewed. The 3 cases were analyzed. There were 2 males and 1 female. The age was 59, 51, 56 years respectively. One case was a patient with 3 weeks of right upper quadrant and epigastric pain, nausea, and weight loss. Cytological examination of the pleural fluid showed numerous poorly differentiated malignant cells. Histology from an open laparotomy in duodenal biopsies, gallbladder, and mesenteric lymph nodes supported the diagnosis of IMS. The other case was a patient with 6 weeks of dyspnea and a large swelling in the upper vestibular region. Thoracentesis showed 82% myeloid blasts in the pleural fluid. A gingival biopsy showed a diffuse infiltration by cells with a blastic appearance and supported IMS. Conclusion: PIMS was a very rare cause of pleural effusions. The cytological and histopathological evidences were useful to diagnose IMS involving the pleural cavity.


Assuntos
Dor no Peito/etiologia , Dispneia/etiologia , Derrame Pleural/patologia , Sarcoma Mieloide/diagnóstico , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico por imagem , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pleura , Sarcoma Mieloide/patologia , Toracoscopia
15.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(1): 189-199, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957832

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify a reliable biomarker for tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC), the most common oral cancer with no established biomarkers, to predict prognosis and to select the optimal treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To investigate whether DAPT exhibited antitumor functions, CAL-27 and SCC-9 cells were treated with DAPT (5 µM or 10 µM) for different times. Further, qRT-PCR was used to determine the mRNA expression levels of lncRNA-KAT14 after treatment with DAPT or si-KAT14 and both combined. Moreover, the treated cells were cultured for different times to investigate their antitumor function. The Wound-healing and Transwell assay were carried out to evaluate the migration and invasion viability of cancer cells, respectively. Finally, the Western blots were performed to determine the expression of EMT-related proteins after transfection with si-KAT14 or treatment with DAPT to investigate the effects of DAPT on EMT-related proteins. RESULTS: Proliferation was inhibited after treatment with DAPT, and the expression of lncRNA-KAT14 was upregulated. To investigate the correlation of DAPT and lncRNA-KAT14 on the metastasis and invasion in tongue cancer, the following cellular processes were assessed: proliferation, invasion, and migration ability. The Western blots were used to determine the expression of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Vimentin, and Snail, showing that DAPT or lncRNA-KAT14 suppressed all these processes, inducing a decreased expression of N-cadherin, Vimentin, and Snail, and increased expression of E-cadherin, compared with the control group. Once transfection with si-KAT14 occurred, the evaluated cellular processes were enhanced, being this attenuated by the treatment with DAPT. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that DAPT suppresses invasion and metastasis of tongue cancer by regulating lncRNA-KAT14.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Dipeptídeos/farmacologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Receptores Notch/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias da Língua/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Antineoplásicos/química , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dipeptídeos/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Receptores Notch/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Neoplasias da Língua/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Língua/patologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
18.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 17226, 2018 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30443010

RESUMO

A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper.

19.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 98(32): 2583-2587, 2018 Aug 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30220144

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical significance of serum bone metabolites ß C-termianl telopeptide of type Ⅰ collagen(ß-CTX), Procollagen type Ⅰ N-terminal peptide(PINP) concentration and ratio of beta -CTX/PINP in multiple myeloma bone disease (MMBD) and bone metastases. Methods: A total of 31 cases of MM, 46 cases of bone metastases and 12 healthy controls were enrolled in the department of hematology, oncology and physical examination center of Henan Provincial People's Hospital respectively from October 2016 to October 2017. According to the imaging findings, MMBD was divided into 0-4 grades, group A included the patitents with grade 0-2 of osteopathy (n=8), and group B included the grade 3-4 (n=23). After two courses of chemotherapy, the curative effect was evaluated. MM group were divided into effective group (above partial remission , n=22) and uneffective group (unreached partial remission, n=9). ELISA method was used to detect the concentration of serum beta -CTX and PINP, and the ratio of beta -CTX/PINP was calculated. Results: The serum beta -CTX concentration in newly diagnosed MM, bone metastases and healthy control were (3 563 ± 544)ng/L, (6 690±343)ng/L, (2 726±1 026)ng/L (χ2=22.207, P<0.001), PINP concentration were (72 ± 14) ng/L, (112 ± 62) ng/L, (171 ± 62) ng/L (χ2=7.418, P=0.024) , and beta -CTX/PINP ratio were 93±19, 141±21, 17±8 (χ2=20.192, P<0.001), the differences were statistically significant. The ratio of initial MM beta -CTX/PINP was higher than that of healthy control (P=0.001). The concentration of beta -CTX (P=0.003) and the ratio of beta -CTX/PINP(P<0.001) in bone metastases were higher than those in healthy controls. The serum concentration of beta-CTX in newly diagnosed MM was lower than that in bone metastases (P<0.001). Before chemotherapy, the serum levels of beta -CTX and PINP in A and B groups were not statistically significant, but the ratio of serum beta -CTX/PINP in A group was lower than that in group B, and the difference was statistically significant. After two courses chemotherapy, the concentration of serum beta -CTX (P=0.023) and the ratio of beta -CTX/PINP (P<0.001) were decreased in MM group. There were no significant difference of serum beta -CTX, PINP concentration, and beta-CTX/PINP ratio before and after treatment in Group A. Patients in the group B, there was no significant difference in the changes of serum PINP concentration, but both serum beta -CTX concentration and beta-CTX/PINP ratio decreased after two courses[(4 027 ± 648)ng/L vs (2 370± 460) ng/L, P=0.043; 111± 23 vs 30± 6, P=0.002]. The ratio of serum beta-CTX/PINP decreased in the effective group, and the difference was statistically significant. There was no significant difference in serum beta-CTX, PINP concentration and beta-CTX/PINP ratio before and after treatment in the uneffective group. Conclusions: There is a difference between newly diagnosed MMBD and bone metastases in serum beta-CTX, which might be helpful for differential diagnosis, and the ratio of beta-CTX/PINP is positively correlated with the severity of MMBD, which might be used to evaluate the severity of bone disease and have a certain monitoring significance for the treatment of MM.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Biomarcadores , Neoplasias Ósseas , Colágeno , Humanos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Peptídeos
20.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 40(5): 365-371, 2018 May 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29860764

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the correlation between postoperative peripheral blood neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and recurrence and prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: The clinicopathological and follow-up data of 344 patients with HCC who underwent radical liver resection from May 2010 to April 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Of the 344 patients, 104 had early recurrence and 84 had late recurrence. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the NLR predicted area under the curve (AUC) of early recurrence was 0.622 (P<0.001), the optimal cut-off value was 2.41. The AUC of late recurrence was 0.634 (P=0.001), the optimal cut-off value was 2.15. Cox multivariate analysis showed the serum concentration of hepatitis B surface antigen (HR=2.508, 95% CI: 1.311-4.798), microvascular invasion (HR=2.422, 95% CI: 1.239-4.734), Milan criteria (HR=2.373, 95% CI: 1.427-3.948) and postoperative NLR (HR=2.285, 95% CI: 1.379-3.788) were independent risk factors of early recurrence after HCC resection. Postoperative NLR (HR=2.927, 95% CI: 1.630-5.255), liver cirrhosis (HR=2.531, 95% CI: 1.291-4.962) and serum concentration of albumin (HR=2.257, 95% CI: 1.251-4.073) were independent risk factors of late recurrence after HCC resection. The median recurrence-free survival (RFS) of the 344 patients was 45.0 months, and the median overall survival (OS) was 63.2 months. ROC curve analysis showed that the postoperative NLR predicted 5-year survival AUC was 0.689 (P<0.05), with an optimal cutoff of 2.29. Cox multivariate analysis showed microvascular invasion (HR=2.247, 95% CI: 1.534-3.291), postoperative NLR (HR=2.217, 95% CI: 1.653-2.974), and liver cirrhosis (HR=1.685, 95% CI: 1.168-2.431), Milan criteria (HR=1.679, 95% CI: 1.238-2.277), serum concentration of hepatitis B surface antigen (HR=1.623, 95% CI: 1.102-2.392), serum concentration of albumin (HR=1.43, 95% CI: 1.066-1.918) were independent factors of RFS after HCC resection, while microvascular invasion (HR=3.862, 95% CI: 2.407-6.197), Barcelona staging (HR=2.864, 95% CI: 1.600-5.125), postoperative NLR (HR=2.688, 95% CI: 1.782-4.055), liver cirrhosis (HR=2.039, 95% CI: 1.184-3.514), serum concentration of albumin (HR=1.81, 95% CI: 1.204-2.720) were independent factors of OS. Conclusions: For HCC patients who receive radical liver resection, postoperative NLR ≥2.29 implicates poor prognosis. Moreover, postoperative NLR ≥2.41 suggests early recurrence, while NLR ≥2.15 suggests late recurrence.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Linfócitos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neutrófilos , Área Sob a Curva , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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