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1.
J Microbiol ; 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826097

RESUMO

As a microsymbiont of soybean, Bradyrhizobium japonicum plays an important role in symbiotic nitrogen fixation and sustainable agriculture. However, the survival of B. japonicum cells under water-deplete (e.g., drought) and water-replete (e.g., flood) conditions is a major concern affecting their nitrogen-fixing ability by establishing the symbiotic relationship with the host. In this study, we isolated a water stress tolerant rhizobium from soybean root nodules and tested its survival under water-deplete conditions. The rhizobium was identified as Bradyrhizobium japonicum and named strain 5038. Interestingly, both plate counting and live/dead fluorescence staining assays indicate that a number of viable but non-culturable cells exist in the culture medium upon the rehydration process which could cause dilution stress. Bradyrhizobium japonicum 5038 cells increased production of exopolysaccharide (EPS) and trehalose when dehydrated, suggesting that protective responses were stimulated. As expected, cells reduced their production upon the subsequent rehydration. To examine differential gene expression of B. japonicum 5038 when exposed to water-deplete and subsequent water-replete conditions, whole-genome transcriptional analysis was performed under 10% relative humidity (RH), and subsequent 100% RH, respectively. A total of462 differentially expressed genes (DEGs, > 2.0-fold) were identified under the 10% RH condition, while 3,776 genes showed differential expression during the subsequent rehydration (100% RH) process. Genes involved in signal transduction, inorganic ion transport, energy production and metabolisms of carbohydrates, amino acids, and lipids were far more up-regulated than down-regulated in the 10% RH condition. Notably, trehalose biosynthetic genes (otsAB, treS, and treYZ), genes ligD, oprB, and a sigma factor rpoH were significantly induced by 10% RH. Under the subsequent 100% RH condition, genes involved in transcription, translation, cell membrane regulation, replication and repair, and protein processing were highly up-regulated. Interestingly, most of 10%-RH inducible genes displayed rehydration-repressed, except three genes encoding heat shock (Hsp20) proteins. Therefore, this study provides molecular evidence for the switch of gene expression of B. japonicum cells when encountered the opposite water availability from water-deplete to water-replete conditions.

2.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(30): 9211-9217, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Indwelling inferior vena cava (IVC) filters might cause various complications, including filter penetration, filter fracture, filter migration, and thrombosis of the IVC. Penetration and migration complications are common, while a caudal migrated double-basket filter with associated infected iliac pseudoaneurysm has seldom been reported. CASE SUMMARY: We report a 64-year-old female admitted for sudden onset of severe right abdominal pain after IVC filter placement for 3 mo. The patient had a history of failed endovascular IVC filter retrieval. Computed tomography showed that the retrieval hook of the filter penetrated the right common iliac artery and vein, leading to right iliac artery pseudoaneurysm accompanied by right ureteral obstruction with ipsilateral hydronephrosis, and bilateral iliac veins were occluded. Emergency open repair was performed to remove the IVC filter, the right iliac pseudoaneurysm, and the compromised segments of the iliac veins and IVC with right common iliac artery reconstruction. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from the tissue culture. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 12 with anticoagulation therapy and antibiotic therapy after discharge. Six-month follow-up computed tomography revealed that the right common iliac artery was patent, and only mild hydronephrosis was detected. CONCLUSION: An indwelling IVC filter, even 'embedded' within organized thrombus, could still cause life-threatening complications. Open procedures remain the last resort for IVC filters with severe complications.

3.
Stroke Vasc Neurol ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34642254

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Open microsurgery, often with bypass techniques, is indispensable for complex aneurysms. To date, it remains unknown whether arterial anatomy or quantitative blood flow measurements can predict insufficient flow-related stroke (IRS). The present study aimed to evaluate the risk factors for IRS in patients treated with open microsurgery with bypass procedures for complex internal carotid artery aneurysms. METHODS: Patients with complex aneurysms undergoing bypass surgery were retrospectively reviewed. The recipient/donor flow index (RDFI) was preoperatively evaluated using colour-coding angiography. RDFI was defined as the ratio of the cerebral blood volume of the recipient and donor arteries. The sizes of the recipient and donor arteries were measured. The recipient/donor diameter index (RDDI) was then calculated. IRS was defined as the presence of new postoperative neurological deficits and infarction on postoperative CT scans. We assessed the association between RDFI and other variables and the IRS. RESULTS: Twenty patients (38±12 years) were analysed. IRS was observed in 12 patients (60%). Patients with postoperative IRS had a higher RDFI than those without postoperative IRS (p<0.001). RDDI was not significantly different between patients with and without IRS (p=0.905). Patients with RDFI >2.3 were more likely to develop IRS (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Quantitative digital subtraction angiography enables preoperative evaluation of cerebral blood volume. RDFI >2.3, rather than RDDI, was significantly associated with postoperative IRS. This preoperative evaluation allows appropriate decisions regarding the treatment strategy for preventing postoperative IRS.

4.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 41(5): 789-798, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708638

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of herb-partitioned moxibustion (HPM) on the miRNA expression profile of thyroid tissue in experimental autoimmune thyroiditis (EAT) rats. METHODS: Rats were randomly divided into normal control (NC) group, EAT model (EAT) group, HPM group and western medicine (Med) group. EAT model rats were prepared by a combined immunization with complete and incomplete Freund's adjuvant emulsified with porcine thyroglobulin and iodine. Rats in the HPM group were treated with HPM, while rats in the Med group were treated with levothyrocine (1 µg/2 mL) by gavage. HE staining was used to observe the pathological morphological changes of thyroid tissue, ELISAs was uaed to detect the serum concentrations of TGAb, TPOAb, FT3, FT4, TSH. We then performed high-throughput miRNA sequencing to analyse the miRNA expression profiles in the thyroid tissues, followed by a bioinformatics analysis. RT-qPCR was used to verify the identified differentially expressed miRNAs. RESULTS: HPM improved the thyroid tissue morphology and reduced serum TPOAb, TGAb, TSH concentration in EAT rats (P < 0.05), but with no obvious effect on FT3 and FT4 concentration. While the TSH, FT3 and FT4 concentration was significantly changed in the Med group (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05) compared with that of EAT group. Sequencing results showed that a total of 17 miRNAs were upregulated, and 4 were downregulated in the EAT rats, in which the expression levels of miR-346 and miR-331-5p were reversed by HPM. The target genes of the miRNAs that regulated by HPM were associated with a variety of immune factors and immune signals. RT-qPCR verification showed that the expression of miRNA-346 and miRNA-331-5p was consistent with the sequencing results. CONCLUSIONS: HPM could regulate the the expression of miRNA-346 and miRNA-331-5p, then act on their target genes to immune and inflammation-related pathways, which may be one of the mechanisms of HPM on EAT rats.

5.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(10): 1171-4, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628753

RESUMO

Through analyzing the indication distribution of the different acupoints located at the upper limbs recorded in Science of Acupoints and Science of Meridians and Acupoints, the industry planning teaching materials of traditional Chinese medicine, it is discovered that the acupoints located at the upper arms are commonly selected for the treatment of scrofula and goiter, while the acupoints below the elbow at the hand meridians and those at the lower limbs of the foot meridians which running through the neck, do not have the similar indications. Based on a further analysis on the literature at ancient and modern times, it is believed that the acupoints located on the lateral side of the upper arms, especially those at the large intestine meridian of hand-yangming perhaps have the specific effect in treatment of scrofula and goiter.


Assuntos
Bócio , Meridianos , Tuberculose dos Linfonodos , Pontos de Acupuntura , Braço , Humanos
6.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 281, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are related to colorectal cancer (CRC) development. However, the role and mechanism of lncRNA LINC01224 in CRC development are largely unknown. METHODS: LINC01224, Yin Yang 1 (YY1), microRNA (miR)-485-5p, and myosins of class VI (MYO6) levels were examined using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Functional analyses were processed through CCK-8, colony formation, flow cytometry, transwell, and xenograft analyses. Dual-luciferase reporter, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), RNA immunoprecipitation, and pull-down assays were conducted to analyze the binding interaction. RESULTS: LINC01224 abundance was elevated in CRC tissue samples and cell lines. Elevated LINC01224 might indicate the lower 5-year overall survival in 52 CRC patients. LINC01224 was upregulated via the transcription factor YY1. LINC01224 knockdown restrained CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and increased apoptosis. MiR-485-5p was sponged by LINC01224, and miR-485-5p downregulation relieved the influence of LINC01224 interference on CRC progression. MYO6 was targeted via miR-485-5p and regulated via LINC01224/miR-485-5p axis. MiR-485-5p overexpression suppressed CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and facilitated apoptosis. MYO6 upregulation mitigated the role of miR-485-5p. LINC01224 knockdown decreased xenograft tumor growth. CONCLUSION: YY1-induced LINC01224 regulates CRC development via modulating miR-485-5p/MYO6 axis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina , Prognóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
7.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e932404, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Studies in ApoE knockout mice have shown that pseudolaric acid B (PB) can act as an immunomodulatory drug and attenuate atherosclerosis progression by modulating monocyte/macrophage phenotypes. Our previous study demonstrated that high salt intake could shift the phenotype of monocytes/macrophages to an inflammatory phenotype, and that this shift was related to hypertension and hypertensive left ventricular (LV) remodeling. However, no comprehensive assessment of the effects of PB on hypertensive LV remodeling has been conducted. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, RAW264.7 macrophages cultured with different concentrations of NaCl were used to investigate the modulating effects of PB on macrophage phenotype. Furthermore, N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hypertensive mice were used to investigate the modulating effects of PB on monocyte phenotype. LV remodeling was investigated by echocardiography. LV morphologic staining (for cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and collagen deposition) was performed at the time of sacrifice. RESULTS The results showed that PB significantly improved the viability of RAW264.7 cells, suppressed their phagocytic and migration abilities, and inhibited their phenotypic shift to M1 macrophages. In addition, the blood pressure of PB-treated mice was significantly decreased relative to that of control mice. Furthermore, after PB treatment, the percentage of Ly6Chi monocytes was significantly decreased while that of Ly6Clo monocytes was apparently increased. Moreover, PB preserved LV function and alleviated myocardial fibrosis and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy as measured at the end of the experimental period. The transfer of monocytes from PB-treated mice to hypertensive mice achieved the same effects. CONCLUSIONS Together, these findings indicate that PB exerts its protective effects on hypertensive LV remodeling by modulating monocyte/macrophage phenotypes and warrants further investigation.

8.
J Appl Toxicol ; 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561900

RESUMO

Aflatoxin is a secondary metabolite secreted by Aspergillus flavus, parasitic Aspergillus, and other fungi through the polyketone pathway, and it can be detected in many foods. Aflatoxin has strong toxicity and carcinogenicity, and many studies have shown that aflatoxin is highly associated with liver cancer. In the present study, malignant transformation of L02 cells was induced by aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), and the gene expression, miRNA expression, and methylation level were detected by high-throughput sequencing. The gene and miRNA expression results showed that 2547 genes and 315 miRNAs were changed in the AFB1-treated group compared with the DMSO group. Among them, RSAD2 and SCIN were significantly upregulated, whereas TRAPPC3L and UBE2L6 were significantly downregulated. Has-miR-33b-3p was significantly upregulated, whereas Has-miR-3613-5p was significantly downregulated. The methylation results showed that 2832 CpG sites were methylated on the promoter or coding DNA sequence (CDS) of the gene, whereas the expression of DNMT3a and DNMT3b was significantly upregulated. Moreover, hypermethylation occurred in TRAPPC3L, CDH13, and SPINK13. The results of GO and KEGG pathway analyses showed that significantly changed genes and miRNAs were mainly involved in tumor formation, proliferation, invasion, and migration. The results of network map analysis showed that Hsa-miR-3613-5p, Hsa-miR-615-5p, Hsa-miR-615-3p, and Hsa-miR-3158-3p were the key miRNAs for malignant transformation of L02 cells induced by AFB1. In addition, the expression of ONECUT2, RAP1GAP2, and FSTL4 was regulated by DNA methylation and miRNAs. These results suggested that the gene expression network regulated by DNA methylation and miRNAs may play a vital role in AFB1-induced hepatocellular carcinoma.

9.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 43(4): 590-594, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494531

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the oral health status and awareness of urban children in Lhasa,aiming to provide a data basis for the prevention and treatment of children's caries and the promotion of oral health education. Methods A total of 504 Tibetan students were selected by cluster sampling from 2 primary schools in Chengguan District of Lhasa.All the participants were required to take oral health examination and complete a questionnaire about oral health awareness and behavior. Results The caries prevalence rate and mean decayed-missing-filled tooth(DMFT)of permanent teeth were 75.00% and 2.18±1.91,respectively.The rates of pit and fissure sealant and filling of permanent teeth were 3.77% and 6.81%,respectively.The caries prevalence rate of first permanent molars was 47.62%.The mean DMFT of permanent teeth and caries prevalence rate of first permanent molar were significantly higher in female group(P=0.001 and P=0.007,respectively).The prevalence rate of dental fluorosis was 61.51%,and the detection rate of dental calculus was 71.83%.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that prevalence of caries was influenced by many independent factors including gender,oral health awareness,intention of dental intervention,and dental experience. Conclusion High caries prevalence rate,low filling rate,and poor oral hygiene and health awareness were found among the primary school students in Lhasa,which require continuous dentistry investment and oral health education for the local students and their parents.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Criança , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Higiene Bucal , Prevalência , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 225: 112749, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488142

RESUMO

The effects of long-term rare earth element (REE) and heavy metal (HM) contamination on soil bacterial communities remains poorly understood. In this study, soil samples co-contaminated with REEs and HMs were collected from a rare-earth tailing dam. The bacterial community composition and diversity were analyzed through Illumina high-throughput sequencing with 16S rRNA gene amplicons. Bacterial community richness and diversity were lower in the co-contaminated soils than in the uncontaminated soils, with clearly different bacterial community compositions. The results showed that total organic carbon and available potassium were the most important factors affecting bacterial community richness and diversity, followed by the REE and HM contents. Although the canonical correspondence analysis results showed that an REE alone had no obvious effects on bacterial community structures, we found that the combined effects of soil physicochemical properties and REE and HM contents regulated bacterial community structure and composition. The effects of REEs and HMs on bacterial communities were similar, whereas their combined contributions were greater than the individual effects of REEs or HMs. Some bacterial taxa were worth noting. These specifically included the plant growth-promoting bacteria Exiguobacterium (sensitive to REEs and HMs) and oligotrophic microorganisms with metal tolerance (prevalent in contaminated soil); moreover, relative abundance of JTB255-Marine Benthic Group, Rhodobacteraceae, Erythrobacter, and Truepera may be correlated with REEs. This study was the first to investigate the responses of bacterial communities to REE and HM co-contamination. The current results have major implications for the ecological risk assessment of environments co-contaminated with REEs and HMs.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Bactérias/genética , Metais Pesados/análise , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
11.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 5364190, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34458368

RESUMO

Reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction is one of the important methods to investigate gene expression in cells and tissues. However, if the data cannot be normalized with appropriate reference genes, the results may be unreliable. In this study, we detected the expression of 15 reference genes in three pig cell lines. The results showed that SDHA and ALDOA were the most stable reference genes in 3D4/21 cells. TOP2B, TBP, and PPIA were the most stable reference genes in PK-15 cells. SDHA and ALDOA were the most stable reference genes in IPEC-J2 cells. In addition, each cell line only needs to use two reference genes to standardize the expression of target genes. Taken together, this study provides a reference for different pig cell lines to select reference genes and also provides a theoretical basis for the use of these cell lines in related functional researches.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/normas , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Padrões de Referência , Suínos
12.
Front Psychol ; 12: 694019, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34408710

RESUMO

Learning motivation is a significant factor that ensures quality in medical education, and might affect the academic performance and well-being of medical students. This study aimed to explore the status of achievement goal orientations among medical students in China and to further identify the association among academic performance, academic well-being, and achievement goal orientations. Data were collected through a cross-sectional, anonymous survey conducted with 3,511 respondents (effective response rate = 81.7%), from four medical universities in China, and demographic factors, achievement goal orientations, academic performance, and academic well-being were assessed. The average score of achievement goal orientations of Chinese medical students suggested a difference in demographic factors, including sex, year of study, experience of leadership cadre, and family income. Both mastery and performance-avoidance goals were associated with academic performance, subjective academic stress, subjective learning adaptability, subjective sleep quality, and subjective well-being. Performance-approach goals were related to academic performance, subjective academic stress, and subjective learning adaptability. The achievement goal orientations of the medical students in this study were at a middle level. The findings emphasize the importance of mastery goals for promoting the academic performance and well-being of medical students. More care and attention toward achievement goal orientations can be beneficial for the improvement of the academic performance and well-being among medical students.

13.
Transl Stroke Res ; 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383209

RESUMO

The diffuseness of brain arteriovenous malformations (bAVMs) is a significant factor in surgical outcome evaluation and hemorrhagic risk prediction. However, there are still predicaments in identifying diffuseness, such as the judging variety resulting from different experience and difficulties in quantification. The purpose of this study was to develop a machine learning (ML) model to automatically identify the diffuseness of bAVM niduses using three-dimensional (3D) time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (TOF-MRA) images. A total of 635 patients with bAVMs who underwent TOF-MRA imaging were enrolled. Three experienced neuroradiologists delineated the bAVM lesions and identified the diffuseness on TOF-MRA images, which were considered the ground-truth reference. The U-Net-based segmentation model was trained to segment lesion areas. Eight mainstream ML models were trained through the radiomic features of segmented lesions to identify diffuseness, based on which an integrated model was built and yielded the best performance. In the test set, the Dice score, F2 score, precision, and recall for the segmentation model were 0.80 [0.72-0.84], 0.80 [0.71-0.86], 0.84 [0.77-0.93], and 0.82 [0.69-0.89], respectively. For the diffuseness identification model, the ensemble-based model was applied with an area under the Receiver-operating characteristic curves (AUC) of 0.93 (95% CI 0.87-0.99) in the training set. The AUC, accuracy, precision, recall, and F1 score for the diffuseness identification model were 0.95, 0.90, 0.81, 0.84, and 0.83, respectively, in the test set. The ML models showed good performance in automatically detecting bAVM lesions and identifying diffuseness. The method may help to judge the diffuseness of bAVMs objectively, quantificationally, and efficiently.

14.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 68: 126845, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418744

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the exposure-response relationship between mercury exposure and diabetes in adults, and to explore the possible effect modifications by selenium and omega-3 fatty acids. METHODS: Biomarker data (total blood mercury and blood methylmercury) from individuals ≥20 years of age were obtained from the 2005-2018 NHANES. Diabetes was defined through questionnaires, fasting plasma glucose, 2 -h plasma glucose and hemoglobin A1c levels. The exposure-response relationship between mercury exposure and diabetes was assessed with logistic regression and restricted cubic splines. RESULTS: Comparing the highest to lowest quartile of exposure, the multivariable-adjusted odds ratio (95 % CI) of diabetes was 0.76 (0.63-0.92) with total blood mercury and 0.82 (0.66-1.00) with blood methylmercury. The inverse associations between total blood mercury [0.55 (0.40-0.77)] and blood methylmercury [0.61 (0.38-0.97)] and diabetes were observed among individuals having higher intakes of selenium (Pfor interaction<0.05). Trends toward lower odds of diabetes with mercury exposure were mainly confined to individuals having higher intakes of omega-3 fatty acid, but the interactions were not significant. The inverse associations between total blood mercury and blood methylmercury and diabetes remained in sensitivity analyses after excluding patients with hypertension that may change their dietary intake of fish. Exposure-response analyses showed an initial decrease in odds of diabetes followed by a platform or a weaker decrease beyond 3 µg/L of total blood mercury and methylmercury concentrations, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Total blood mercury and blood methylmercury concentrations were inversely associated with diabetes in adults, and the associations were modified by selenium.

15.
ACS Omega ; 6(28): 17766-17775, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34308012

RESUMO

The biological reduction of ferrous ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA-FeII-NO and EDTA-FeIII) is an important process in the integrated electrobiofilm reduction method, and it has been regarded as a promising alternative method for removing NO x from industrial boiler flue gas. EDTA-FeII-NO and EDTA-FeIII are crucial substrates that should be biologically reduced at a high rate. However, they inhibit the reduction processes of one another when these two substrates are presented together, which might limit further promotion of the integrated method. In this study, an integrated electrobiofilm reduction system with high reduction rates of EDTA-FeII-NO and EDTA-FeIII was developed. The dynamic changes of microbial communities in the electrobiofilms were mainly investigated to analyze the changes during the reduction of these two substrates under different conditions. The results showed that compared to the conventional chemical absorption-biological reduction system, the reduction system exhibited better performance in terms of resistance to substrate shock loading and high microbial diversities. High-throughput sequencing analysis showed that Alicycliphilus, Enterobacteriaceae, and Raoultella were the dominant genera (>25% each) during the process of EDTA-FeII-NO reduction. Chryseobacterium had the ability to endure the shock loading of EDTA-FeIII, and the relative abundance of Chryseobacterium under abnormal operation conditions was up to 30.82%. Ochrobactrum was the main bacteria for reducing nitrate by electrons and the relative abundance still exhibited 16.11% under shock loading. Furthermore, higher microbial diversity and stable reactor operation were achieved when the concentrations of EDTA-FeII-NO and EDTA-FeIII approached the same value (9 mmol·L-1).

16.
Opt Lett ; 46(13): 3300-3303, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197441

RESUMO

Molybdenum (Mo)-doped black silicon (Si) is obtained by using femtosecond laser irradiation. The concentration of Mo atoms at the depth from 10 to 200 nm has exceeded 1019cm-3. In contrast, the carrier concentration in the Mo-doped layer is lower than 1015cm-3. The surface morphologies with ripple and conical spike microstructures are formed by changing the pulsed laser fluences. The Mo-doped Si samples exhibit a sub-bandgap (1100∼2500nm) absorptance of more than 60% at a wavelength of 1310 nm. A Mo-doped Si photodetector is made, and the responsivity of the device for 1310 nm is up to 76 mA/W at a -10V bias.

17.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(12): e2004229, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34165901

RESUMO

Powder to bulk processes, such as additive manufacturing and metal injection molding (MIM), have enabled great potential for complex metal designing and manufacturing. However, additive manufacturing process normally introduces a high residue stress and textures due to the locally intense temperature. MIM is an excellent batch manufacturing process; nevertheless, it is not suitable for rapid screening and development of new metal compositions and structures due to the slow sintering process. Herein, an ultrafast high-temperature sintering (UHS) process is reported that enables the rapid synthesis and sintering of bulk metals/alloys and intermetallic compounds. In this process, elemental powders are mixed and pressed into pellets, followed by UHS sintering in just seconds at a temperature between 1000 and 3000 °C. Three representative compositions, including pure metals, intermetallics, and multielement alloys, are demonstrated with a broad range of melting points. The UHS process for metal sintering is nonmaterials specific, in addition to being extremely rapid, which make it suitable for materials discovery. Furthermore, the sintering method does not apply pressure to the samples, making it compatible with 3D printing and other additive manufacturing processes of complex structures. This rapid sintering technique will greatly facilitate the development and manufacturing of metals and alloys.

18.
Inflamm Res ; 70(7): 777-787, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076707

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Asthma, a well-known disease with high morbidity, is characterized by chronic airway inflammation. However, the allergic inflammation mechanisms of follistatin-like protein 1 (FSTL1) have not been elucidated. This study aims to investigate the effects of FSTL1 in ovalbumin (OVA)-induced mice and macrophages on nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat protein 3 (NLRP3)/interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) signaling pathway. METHODS: Mice were randomly divided into control-WT, OVA-WT, control-Fstl1±, OVA-Fstl1±. Histological changes were assessed by HE and PAS staining. The protein levels of Muc-5AC, FSTL1, NLRP3, and IL-1ß in lung tissue were detected by immunohistochemistry and ELISA. The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in mice and human serum samples were detected by ELISA. Then, mice were grouped into control, FSTL1, MCC950 + FSTL1 to further investigate the relationship between FSTL1 and NLRP3/IL-1ß. Alveolar macrophage cells (MH-S cells) were separated into control, OVA, FSTL1, OVA + FSTL1, OVA + siNC, OVA + siFSTL1, MCC950, and FSTL1 + MCC950 groups to explore the effect of FSTL1 on the NLRP3/IL-1ß signaling. The protein expression of NLRP3 and IL-1ß in MH-S cells was detected by Western blot analysis. RESULTS: The present results uncovered that Fstl1± significantly ameliorated OVA-induced Muc-5AC production and mucus hypersecretion. Fstl1± was also found to decrease the production of inflammatory cytokines and inflammatory cell infiltration in OVA-induced asthmatic mice. Meanwhile, the serum concentrations of FSTL1 and IL-1ß were higher in  asthma subjects than the health subjects, and Fstl1± ameliorated the production of NLRP3 and IL-1ß in OVA-induced asthmatic mice. Furthermore, mice by injected FSTL1 substantially stimulated the expression of NLRP3 and IL-1ß, while pretreatment with MCC950 in mice significantly weakened the production of NLRP3 and IL-1ß induced by injection FSTL1. Pretreatment with siFSTL1 or MCC950 significantly reduced the production of NLRP3 and IL-1ß induced by OVA or FSTL1 in MH-S cells. CONCLUSIONS: The study results showed that FSTL1 played an important role in allergic airway inflammation by activating NLRP3/IL-1ß. Hence, inhibition FSTL1 could be applied as a therapeutic agent against asthma.

19.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 41(3): 479-485, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of herb-partitioned moxibustion (HPM) at Qihai (CV6), Tianshu (ST25) and Shangjuxu (ST37) acupoints in relieving symptoms and the immune regulation of HPM on the toll-like receptors 4 (TLR4) signaling pathway in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. METHODS: A randomized, single-blind study was conducted 63 patients to receive HPM or sham HPM treatment. The efficacy outcomes included scores of the Mayo, Baron, inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire (IBDQ), self-rating depression scale (SDS), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS). HE staining was used to observe the histopathological changes of the colon. The expression of inflammatory cytokines and TLR4 signaling pathway related molecules were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Baron, SDS, SAS scores were significantly decreased in moxibustion group (P < 0.05), IBDQ score was significantly greater in the moxibustion group than in the sham moxibustion group (P < 0.05). Histopathology of mucosal biopsies showed that both two groups improved in mucosa after treatment. The expression levels of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-2, interleukin-12, interferon-γ, and TLR4, lipopolysaccharide, myeloid differentiation factor 88, interleukin receptor associated kinase, tumor necrosis factor receptor associated factor 6 and nuclear factor kappa-B p65 were significantly lower in the moxibustion group than in the sham moxibustion group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study showed that HPM at Qihai?(CV6),?Tianshu?(ST25) and?Shangjuxu (ST37) acupoints is effective to relieve symptoms, anxiety, depression and improving life quality in UC patients, which may be related to the immune regulation of HPM on TLR4 signaling pathway.

20.
Biochim Biophys Acta Rev Cancer ; 1876(1): 188566, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33992724

RESUMO

Accumulated evidence from genetically modified cell and animal models indicates that centrosome amplification (CA) can initiate tumorigenesis with metastatic potential and enhance cell invasion. Multiple human diseases are associated with CA and carcinogenesis as well as metastasis, including infection with oncogenic viruses, type 2 diabetes, toxicosis by environmental pollution and inflammatory disease. In this review, we summarize (1) the evidence for the roles of CA in tumorigenesis and tumor cell invasion; (2) the association between diseases and carcinogenesis as well as metastasis; (3) the current knowledge of CA in the diseases; and (4) the signaling pathways of CA. We then give our own thinking and discuss perspectives relevant to CA in carcinogenesis and cancer metastasis in human diseases. In conclusion, investigations in this area might not only identify CA as a biological link between these diseases and the development of cancer but also prove the causal role of CA in cancer and progression under pathophysiological conditions, potentially taking cancer research into a new era.


Assuntos
Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Centrossomo/patologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Animais , Movimento Celular , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Centrossomo/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
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