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1.
Plant Dis ; : PDIS03190438RE, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065570

RESUMO

Mango is an economically important fruit crop in southern China. However, leaf spots restrict the development of mango trees, reducing the yield and production. Pestalotioid fungi are one of the major agents causing leaf spots on mango. During 2016 and 2017, 21 isolates of pestalotioid fungi associated with leaf spots on mango leaves were collected from five provinces in southern China: Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan, Guangdong, and Fujian. All 21 isolates were subjected to morphological characterization and DNA sequence analysis. The morphological data were combined with analyses of concatenated sequences of the ITS (internal transcribed spacer), TEF 1-α (translation elongation factor), and TUB2 (ß-tubulin) for higher resolution of the species identity of these isolates. The results showed that these isolates belong to Neopestalotiopsis clavispora, Pestalotiopsis adusta, P. anacardiacearum, P. asiatica, P. photinicola, P. saprophyta, P. trachicarpicola, and Pseudopestalotiopsis ampullacea. Pathogenicity test results showed that all these species could cause symptoms. On detached mango leaves (cv. Tainong), early foliar symptoms on leaves were small yellow-to-brown lesions. Later, these spots expanded with uneven borders, turned white to gray, and coalesced to form larger gray patches. To our knowledge, this is the first description of N. clavispora, P. adusta, P. asiatica, P. photinicola, P. saprophyta, P. trachicarpicola, or Ps. ampullacea as causal agents for leaf spots on mango worldwide.

2.
J Food Sci ; 85(1): 143-149, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945206

RESUMO

Development and utilization of oxygen absorbing materials for food and beverage packaging are important to protect the oxygen-sensitive foods. In this study, we developed a kind of ionic polymer with excellent oxygen absorbing ability based on reacting ethylene-acrylic acid copolymer (EAA) and sodium sulfite (Na2 SO3 ). By virtue of the hydrophilicity of the ionic polymer, the sulfite in Na2 SO3 is easily hydrolyzed and ionized. The oxygen inhalation reaction was gradually initiated and started, whereas achieved a slow and controllable oxygen absorption process. The oxygen absorbing agent can be directly added in the form of an auxiliary agent, which greatly simplifies the preparation process of the oxygen absorbing material. Furthermore, the ionic structure of the EAA/Na2 SO3 composites were destroyed and mechanical properties of the material did not decrease after oxygen absorption. More importantly, it can effectively prevent the entry of external oxygen because the ionic polymer itself has better barrier properties. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Typical oxygen-sensitive objects include: beer, coffee, canned food, meat products, dairy products, and so on. The presence of oxygen in the package can cause microbial growth, odor generation, color change and nutrient loss, resulting in a significant reduction in food shelf life. Therefore, controlling the oxygen content of the food package is important to limit the rate of these spoilage and spoilage reactions in the food. Materials with active oxygen scavenging and good barrier properties and packaging performance are highly economically viable in terms of improving product quality and reducing packaging costs.

3.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(3): 986-994, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650545

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Controlling the blood glucose level is an effective method to reduce type 2 diabetes and prevent diabetes-related complications. Ursolic acid is a plant extract that can reduce postprandial hyperglycemia effectively. This study aimed to explore the inhibitory effect and interaction mechanism of ursolic acid against α-amylase and α-glucosidase. RESULTS: In this study, the effect of ursolic acid on glycosidase was studied in vitro, in vivo, and in silico. The half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50 ) of ursolic acid on α-amylase and α-glucosidase was 0.482 ± 0.12 mg mL-1 and 0.213 ± 0.042 mg mL-1 , respectively. The results of enzymatic kinetics showed that ursolic acid inhibited α-amylase and α-glucosidase activity in a non-competitive manner. The fluorescence spectrum showed that the combination of ursolic acid and glycosidase caused the intrinsic fluorescence quenching of glycosidase. The observation of starch granules revealed that the activity of α-amylase was inhibited and the hydrolysis of starch granules was prevented in the presence of ursolic acid. Molecular docking results showed that ursolic acid bound to the inactive site of α-amylase and α-glucosidase through the formation of ursolic acid-glucosidase complex. Ursolic acid interacted with α-amylase and α-glucosidase mainly through hydrogen bonding. The postprandial hypoglycemic effect of ursolic acid in C57BL/6J mice showed that the high concentration of ursolic acid could quickly reduce postprandial blood glucose level. CONCLUSION: Ursolic acid can be considered as a natural ingredient in functional foods to control postprandial blood glucose levels and prevent diabetes by delaying the digestion of starch in foods. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/enzimologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Triterpenos/química , Animais , Glicemia/metabolismo , Simulação por Computador , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/administração & dosagem , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Cinética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Período Pós-Prandial/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/administração & dosagem
4.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(3): 2284-2293, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680323

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) is a common kind of aggressive tumor in bone which was mostly identified in children and adolescents with extremely high risk of death. Accumulating research works have displayed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) exert an essential role in the development of multiple cancers. It has been reported that TMPO-AS1 is an oncogene in cancers; nonetheless, its molecular mechanism in OS is totally unclear. Our present study elucidated that a remarkable overexpression of TMPO-AS1 was found in OS tissues and cells. Moreover, TMPO-AS1 depletion restrained Wnt/ß-catenin pathway and cell proliferation as well as facilitated cell apoptosis. Further molecular mechanism investigations showed that TMPO-AS1 can sponge to miR-199a-5p. Moreover, miR-199a-5p was at a low level at OS cells. Importantly, miR-199a-5p's overexpression was associated with the OS cells' decreased proliferation and increased apoptosis. In addition, WNT7B was confirmed as a downstream gene of miR-199a-5p. Also the WNT7B expression was reversely modulated by miR-199a-5p and positively modulated by TMPO-AS1. Rescue experiments suggested that downregulated WNT7B rescued miR-199a-5p inhibitor-mediated repression on OS progression, but the treatment of LiCl counteracted the effect of WNT7B downregulation. In a word, TMPO-AS1 serves as a competing endogenous RNA to boost osteosarcoma tumorigenesis by regulating miR-199a-5p/WNT7B axis, which provided an underlying therapeutic target for patients with OS.

5.
J Orthop Sci ; 25(1): 89-95, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30929967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) is among the most commonly performed surgical procedure to treat lumbar degenerative disorders. In open TLIF procedure, usually rods were contoured to restore normal lumbar sagittal alignment. However, in MIS-TLIF procedure, contoured rods sometimes were easier to rotate and harder to be locked at the satisfactory position due to instrumentation design and limited exposure. Thus, straight rods had been used in single-level MIS-TLIF in our institution. However, the effect of rod contouring on sagittal parameters and clinical outcomes remains unclear. In the present study, we aim to evaluate the effects of single-segment MIS-TLIF with contoured versus straight rods on sagittal parameters and clinical outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective review of MIS-TLIF at L4/5 was performed between 2009 and 2013 in our hospital. Seventy-six cases were divided into contoured rod group (CR group, n = 35) and straight rod group (SR group, n = 41). Clinical outcomes and radiographic measurements at five years' follow-up were evaluated by visual analog score (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, spino-pelvic parameters, disc height and fused segment angle. Fusion rate and cage subsidence were also measured. RESULTS: Preoperative VAS, JOA, ODI and radiographic parameters were comparable between two groups. The average follow-up was 63.72 ± 3.86 months. VAS, JOA and ODI were significantly improved at 5-year follow-up in both groups, and there were no significant differences between two groups(P > 0.05). Fused segment angle (FSA) was greater in CR group than SR group (P = 0.024), while the other radiographic parameters were not significantly different(P > 0.05). Rod process, fusion rate and cage subsidence were not risk factors of post-surgical malalignment, patients with pre-surgical sagittal imbalance was more prone to show post-surgical malalignment (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Both CR and SR groups acquired satisfactory clinical results. Although contoured rods had better fused segment angle, contoured or straight rods at single L4/5 level had little effect on global spino-pelvic parameters and clinical outcomes in a 5-year follow-up.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31831171

RESUMO

Human urine-derived stem cells (hUSCs) show multipotential differentiation ability and can differentiate into mesodermal cell lineages. Interstitial cells of Cajal-like cells (ICC-LCs) are crucial for the pace-making function of spontaneous contraction in the bladder. However, the mechanisms by which hUSCs generate ICC-LCs have not been elucidated. In this study, we developed a strategy for directional differentiation of hUSCs into ICC-LCs. hUSCs were transfected with lentiviral vectors encoding c-Kit, stem cell factor (SCF), hyperpolarization activated cyclic nucleotide gated potassium channel 4 (HCN4), and 5-azacytidine induced 2 (AZI2) genes, and the cells were cultured for an additional 7 days in specific medium. The expression of the surface marker c-Kit on ICC-LCs was determined at 7 days after transfection. hUSCs were successfully expanded and transfected with the four lentiviral vectors. hUSCs transfected with lentiviral-c-Kit, lentiviral-HCN4, and lentiviral-AZI2 showed higher expression of c-Kit 7 days after transfection, but only the lentiviral-HCN4-transfected cells showed morphological alterations in ICC-LCs. These cells also displayed visible HCN current amplitude and density. This approach may provide a new strategy for the treatment of underactive bladder.

7.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(7): 3233-3241, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854723

RESUMO

This study measured the concentrations of six N-nitrosamines (NAs) in water samples from each process stage of three wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and their corresponding receiving rivers. The occurrence and removal of NAs was then systematically studied in three WWTPs using different treatment processes, and their pollution profiles and sources in the receiving rivers were analyzed. The results showed that the six NAs occurred widely in the wastewater from every process stage of three WWTPs. NPIP, NDMA, and NPYR were the dominant pollutants with concentrations in the tens to hundreds ng·L-1. The three WWTPs using different treatment processes removed a certain amount of NAs, and the modified A2/O and A2/O+MBR showed good NAs removal effects, with total removal rates of 95% and 63%, respectively. The removal of NAs mainly relied on microbial degradation and transformation during the biochemical stage. During the filtration, disinfection, and MBR stages, NAs precursors in the wastewater treatment system could form some added NAs after a series of reactions. The six NAs were also frequently detected in the surface waters of receiving rivers, where the main pollutants were also MDMA, NPIP, and NPYR, which was consistent with the influent of the WTTPs. The sources of NAs in the receiving rivers were wide ranging and complicated, including emission from the effluent of the WTTPs, the release of untreated sanitary sewage, industrial wastewater, and surface runoff from industrial districts. Therefore, effective measures should be taken to reduce the input of NAs into receiving rivers, such as enhancing the capacity of sewage collection and treatment and optimizing sewage treatment processes.

8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(51): 20062-20068, 2019 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778607

RESUMO

The concept that catalytic enzymes can act as molecular machines transducing chemical activity into motion has conceptual and experimental support, but experimental support has involved oligomeric enzymes, often studied under conditions where the substrate concentration is higher than biologically relevant and accordingly exceeds kM, the Michaelis constant. Urease, a hexamer of subunits, has been considered to be the gold standard demonstrating enhanced diffusion. Here we show that urease and certain other oligomeric enzymes dissociate above kM into their subunits that diffuse more rapidly, thus providing a simple physical mechanism that contributes to enhanced diffusion in this regime of concentrations. Mindful that this conclusion may be controversial, our findings are supported by four independent analytical techniques: static light scattering, dynamic light scattering (DLS), size-exclusion chromatography (SEC), and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS). Data for urease are emphasized and the conclusion is validated for hexokinase, acetylcholinesterase, and aldolase. For hexokinase and aldolase no enhanced diffusion is observed except under conditions when these oligomeric enzymes dissociate. At substrate concentration regimes below kM at which acetylcholinesterase and urease do not dissociate, our finding showing up to 10% enhancement of the diffusion coefficient is consistent with various theoretical scenarios in the literature.

9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 8270187, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687400

RESUMO

Purpose: To detect the responsiveness and predictive ability of the Chinese version Action Research Arm Test (C-ARAT) in participants within the first 3 months after cerebral infarction. Methods: Ninety-seven individuals (75 men, mean age 59.87 ± 10.94 years) with a first cerebral infarction were enrolled in this study. The participants were evaluated by two outcome measures: C-ARAT and the Barthel Activities of Daily Living Index (BI) at five time points: 0D, 3W, 3M, 6M and 1Y after enrolment. The standardised response mean (SRM) and the Wilcoxon signed rank test were used to analyse responsiveness. Predictive validity was determined by using Spearman's rank correlation coefficients. The predicted performance of C-ARAT on activities of daily living (ADLs) was measured by linear regression model. Floor and ceiling effects were estimated by counting the proportion of subjects falling outside the 5% lower or upper boundary, respectively. Results: The C-ARAT showed moderate to large responsiveness in detecting changes over time (SRM = 0.58-0.84). The C-ARAT subscales showed small to large responsiveness (SRM = 0.44-0.90). The C-ARAT at 0D showed moderate to good correlation with the BI scores at 3W, 3M and 6M (ρ = 0.561-0.624, p < 0.001), and exhibited fair correlation with the BI score 1Y after enrolment (ρ = 0.384, p < 0.05). C-ARAT was a good predictor (adjusted R 2 = 0.185-0.249) of BI within 3M follow-up. The C-ARAT total score showed a notable floor effect at 0D and 3W and a notable ceiling effect at 3M, 6M and 1Y. Conclusion: The results of this study support the use of the C-ARAT as a measurement of upper extremity function in individuals with a first cerebral infarction.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 58(21): 14720-14727, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613605

RESUMO

Although alkaline earth metal cations play an important role in our daily life, little attention has been paid to the field of fast quantitative analysis of their content due to a lack of satisfactory precision and a fast and convenient means of detection. In this study, we have designed a set of molecular tweezers based on the calix[4]arene chemosensor L, which was found to exhibit high selectivity and sensitivity toward Ca2+, Sr2+, and Ba2+ (by UV-vis and fluorescence methods) with low detection limits of the order of 10-7 to 10-8 M and high association constants (of the order of 106). More significantly, sensor L not only can recognize Ca2+, Sr2+, and Ba2+ but also can further discriminate between these three cations via the differing red shifts in their UV-vis spectra (560 nm for L·Ca2+, 570 nm for L·Sr2+, and 580 nm for L·Ba2+ complex) which is attributed to their different atomic radii. A rare synergistic effect for the recognition mechanism has been demonstrated by 1H NMR spectroscopic titration. Sensor L constructed a high shielding field by the cooperation of Tris with alkaline earth metal ion after complex. Additionally, the presence of acetoxymethyl group in sensor L results in enhancement of cell permeability, and as a consequence, sensor L exhibited excellent sensing and imaging (in vivo) in living cells and in zebrafish.


Assuntos
Bário/análise , Cálcio/análise , Calixarenos/química , Metais Alcalinoterrosos/química , Imagem Óptica , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Fenóis/química , Estrôncio/análise , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular , Células HeLa , Humanos , Compostos Organometálicos/síntese química , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Peixe-Zebra
11.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0223251, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596897

RESUMO

Breastfeeding has a wide range of benefits for both infants and mothers. The identification of factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) are important to increase the prevalence of EBF. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of EBF within the first six months and its associated factors in Kaiyuan, Yunnan Province, Southwest China. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kaiyuan, a middle-sized city of Yunnan Province, Southwest China. Mothers of infants under twelve months were randomly selected for a face to face interview in four towns (two in urban areas and two in rural areas) in Kaiyuan. A structured questionnaire was applied for collection of sociodemographic information, mothers' and infants' health, and breastfeeding information. A 24-hour food recall survey was used to collect infant feeding information. A logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the factors independently associated with exclusive breastfeeding for infants up to six months of age. The number of 417 mothers with infants under six months was interviewed. The prevalence of EBF at six months was 27.34%. Logistic regression indicated that EBF within six months was more likely to be practiced by mothers who had higher average household income per year (OR = 2.09, 95% CI: 1.05-4.17 p = 0.037; OR = 1.85, 95% CI: 1.04-3.28 p = 0.037), and mothers who received breastfeeding information (OR = 2.46, (95%CI: 1.45-4.18, p = 0.0009). The prevalence of EBF in Kaiyuan, Southwest China is considerably lower than national and international recommendations. Yearly household income, and mothers who received breastfeeding information are associated with higher EBF prevalence. Breastfeeding information should be given to mothers in order to increase the prevalence of EBF.

12.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573332

RESUMO

Two new compounds, daedatrin K (1) and 2-hydroxy-1-(5-(hydroxymethyl)furan-2-yl)propan-1-one (2), were isolated from cultures of the basidiomycetes Daedaleopsis tricolor. The new structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic methods. At the same time, two compounds were tested for their cytotoxicities against five human cancer cell lines.

13.
J Food Biochem ; 43(12): e13052, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515822

RESUMO

Apple phlorizin has many biological activities, such as antioxidant and liver protection. The present study aimed to evaluate the roles of apple phlorizin against hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 )-induced oxidative damage in HepG2 cells. In this study, treatment with apple phlorizin (100 and 150 µg/ml) decreased the production of reactive oxygen species and alleviated apoptosis as well as DNA damage in H2 O2 -induced HepG2 cells. These effects were associated with the increased activity of antioxidant enzymes, enhanced the ARE-driven phase II antioxidant gene expression and its upstream Nrf2 protein expression, and decreased apoptosis-related gene expression. However, the phase II antioxidant gene expression and Nrf2 protein expression upregulated by phlorizin were reversed by Nrf2 shRNA transfection. These results showed that phlorizin relieves oxidative stress, DNA damage, and apoptosis in H2 O2 -induced HepG2 cells, at least partially, by regulating the expression of Nrf2 protein and apoptosis-related genes. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Apple phlorizin is a polyphenol compound extracted from apple or apple juice. This report highlighted a protective effect of phlorizin on antioxidant stress, DNA damage, and apoptosis in H2 O2 -induced HepG2 cells. These results suggested that phlorizin may be developed for functional foods.

14.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(41): 11464-11473, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532211

RESUMO

The intestinal epithelium is derived from intestinal stem cells (ISCs) and has direct contact with nutrients and toxins. However, whether methionine (Met) or a methionine hydroxyl analogue (2-hydroxy-4-(methylthio)butanoic acid (HMB)) can alleviate deoxynivalenol (DON)-induced intestinal injury remains unknown. Mice were treated orally with Met or HMB on days 1-11 and with DON on days 4-8. On day 12, the mice were sacrificed, and the jejunum was collected for crypt isolation and culture. Mouse enteroids were treated with DON and Met or HMB ex vivo. The results showed that Met and HMB increased the average daily feed intake and average daily gain of the mice. Met and HMB also improved the jejunal structure and barrier integrity and promoted ISC expansion, as indicated by the increased enteroid formation efficiency and area, under DON-induced injury conditions. In addition, DON-induced decreases in ISC activity were rescued Wnt/ß-catenin signaling reactivation by Met or HMB in vivo and ex vivo. Collectively, our findings reveal that Met and HMB alleviated DON-induced intestinal injury by improving ISC expansion and reactivating Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. Our study thus provides a nutritional intervention for intestinal diseases involving Wnt/ß-catenin signaling.


Assuntos
Enteropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Metionina/análogos & derivados , Metionina/administração & dosagem , Células-Tronco/citologia , Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos , Tricotecenos/toxicidade , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Enteropatias/genética , Enteropatias/metabolismo , Enteropatias/fisiopatologia , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/lesões , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
15.
J Mol Model ; 25(10): 300, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485917

RESUMO

On the basis of triphenylamine as an electron donor with attachment of two -COOH anchoring groups and dicyanovinyl as acceptor, ten dyes with D-π-A structures were designed to investigate the effects of different π-linker groups on the properties of the sensitizers, especially the influence of the π-linkers containing nitrogen cation (N+). The optimized structures and electronic and optical properties were investigated by the density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT). The results show that all the investigated dyes can be used as dye sensitizers for the p-type dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) except one dye which contains two N+. The N+ modified dye (named S3-PZL1C) has narrow energy gap (2.02 eV), the best light-harvesting efficiency (LHE, 0.9974), and the smallest internal reorganization energy (λint = 7.00 kcal/mol). Importantly, S3-PZL1C displays the largest red shift of the UV-vis absorption, the maximum integral values of the adsorption-wavelength curves over the visible light (400~800 nm), and the strongest adsorption energy (- 66.84 kcal/mol) on NiO surface. In addition, S3-PZL1C not only enhances the electronic excitation but also improves the reorganization energy and charge separation. The intramolecular charge transfer towards the acceptor is sensitive to the N+ position in π-linkers. Therefore, the suitable introduction of N+ in dyes can improve the performance of the dyes, and the PZL1C moiety may be a promising π-linker for p-type DSSCs. Graphical abstract.

16.
Molecules ; 24(17)2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466362

RESUMO

On the basis of thieno(3,2-b)thiophene and dithieno[3,2-b:2',3'-d]thiophene (T2 and T3 moieties) as π-linker, the A, D and S series dyes were designed to investigate the effect of the introducing N+ as an "electron trap" into T2 and T3 on the properties of the dyes. The optimized structures, electronic and optical properties were investigated by the density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT). The results show that the properties of the dyes are sensitive to the N+ position in π-linkers. D series dyes with electron-withdrawing units located near the donor have better properties than the corresponding A series with the electron-withdrawing units located near the acceptor. For A and D series, the N+ modified dye named T2N+1-d displays the largest red shift of the UV-vis absorption, the maximum integral values of the adsorption-wavelength curves over the visible light, the highest light harvesting efficiency (LHE, 0.996), and the strongest adsorption energy (-44.33 kcal/mol). T2N+1-d also has a large driving force of hole injection (ΔGinj, -0.74 eV), which results in a more efficient hole injection. Bearing a lengthier π-linker than T2N+1-d, the properties of T2N+1-s are further improved. T2N+1-d moiety or its increased conjugated derivatives may be a promising π-linker.


Assuntos
Corantes/química , Nitrogênio/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Estrutura Molecular
17.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 29(19): 126605, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439378

RESUMO

In spired by the important role of amide groups of anti-influenza drugs oseltamivir, zanamivir and peramivir in bioactivity, a series of novel amides modified rupestonic acid derivatives were designed and synthesized. The absolute configuration of critical intermediate bearing chloride with newly formed stereocenter was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis. And all new compounds were evaluated for their in vitro inhibitory activities against influenza A (H1N1 and H3N2) and influenza B viruses. The bioassay results showed that 5h with 4-fluorbenzylsulfonyl modified to 2 position of methyl rupestonate displayed the highest activity against influenza A (H1N1 and H3N2) viruses, even stronger than reference drugs oseltamivir and ribavirin (RVB), and might be recommended as a lead compound to further develop the new anti-influenza reagent.

18.
Small ; 15(38): e1902811, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373758

RESUMO

Tin diselenide (SnSe2 ) nanosheets as novel 2D layered materials have excellent optical properties with many promising application prospects, such as photoelectric detectors, nonlinear optics, infrared photoelectric devices, and ultrafast photonics. Among them, ultrafast photonics has attracted much attention due to its enormous advantages; for instance, extremely fast pulse, strong peak power, and narrow bandwidth. In this work, SnSe2 nanosheets are fabricated by using solvothermal treatment, and the characteristics of SnSe2 are systemically investigated. In addition, the solution of SnSe2 nanosheets is successfully prepared as a fiber-based saturable absorber by utilizing the evanescent field effect, which can bear a high pump power. 31st-order subpicosecond harmonic mode locking is generated in an Er-doped fiber laser, corresponding to the maximum repetition rate of 257.3 MHz and pulse duration of 887 fs. The results show that SnSe2 can be used as an excellent nonlinear photonic device in many fields, such as frequency comb, lasers, photodetectors, etc.

19.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 14(1): 218, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31263969

RESUMO

The nanosheet stacking phenomenon in graphene thin films significantly deteriorates their gas-sensing performance. This nanosheet stacking issue should be solved and reduced to enhance the gas detection sensitivity. In this study, we report a novel ammonia (NH3) gas sensor based on holey graphene thin films. The precursors, holey graphene oxide (HGO) nanosheets, were prepared by etching graphene under UV irradiation with Fenton reagent (Fe2+/Fe3+/H2O2). Holey graphene was prepared by the reduction of HGO (rHGO) with pyrrole. Holey graphene thin-film gas sensors were prepared by depositing rHGO suspensions onto the electrodes. The resulting sensing devices show excellent response, sensitivity, and selectivity to NH3. The resistance change is 2.81% when the NH3 level is as low as 1 ppm, whereas the resistance change is 11.32% when the NH3 level is increased to 50 ppm. Furthermore, the rHGO thin-film gas sensor could be quickly restored to their initial states without the stimulation with an IR lamp. In addition, the devices showed excellent repeatability. The resulting rHGO thin-film gas sensor has a great potential for applications in numerous sensing fields because of its low cost, low energy consumption, and outstanding sensing performance.

20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 138: 846-853, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31356939

RESUMO

Inhibition the activity of glycosidase is an effective method for the treatment and prevention of diabetes. In this study, enzymatic kinetics, fluorescence spectrum experiment, starch granule digestion, molecular docking studies and animal's studies were used to investigate the interaction mechanism of carnosic acid against two glycosidase (α-amylase and α-glucosidase). Enzymatic kinetics showed that carnosic acid inhibited α-amylase activity in a competitive manner and α-glucosidase activity in a non-competitive manner. The half inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of carnosic acid to α-amylase and α- glucosidase were (1.12 ±â€¯0.31) and (0.08 ±â€¯0.17), respectively. The fluorescence quenching experiments showed that the intrinsic fluorescence of α-amylase or α-glucosidase was quenched by forming a complex with carnosic acid, and there was only one binding site between carnosic acid and glycosidase. The starch granules were no longer hydrolyzed by α-amylase after the addition of carnosic acid, which indicated that carnosic acid inhibited the activity of α-amylase. Molecular docking study showed that carnosic acid binds to the amino acid residues of glycosidase through hydrogen bond and van der Waals force, which leads to the change of the molecular conformation of glycosidase and thus reduces the activity of glycosidase. The experiment on mice showed that carnosic acid could effectively reduce postprandial blood glucose in mice.


Assuntos
/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , alfa-Amilases/química , alfa-Glucosidases/química , Animais , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , Cinética , Camundongos , Conformação Molecular , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Análise Espectral , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , alfa-Amilases/antagonistas & inibidores
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