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1.
Dalton Trans ; 51(14): 5561-5566, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35311846

RESUMO

Copper chalcogenides have drawn considerable attention due to their prominent semiconducting properties. A new Cu-containing semiconductor, namely, CsCuS4 (1), was obtained by a halide salt flux method. Its structure featured 1D infinite ∞1[CuS4] - chains, where the polysulfide anion S42- was relatively rare in Cu chalcogenides. The compound was multifunctional and exhibited significant photocurrent, humidity sensitivity, and proton conductivity properties. Specifically, it exhibits an "on" state photocurrent response of 0.95 µA cm-2 and an "off" state photocurrent response of 0.55 µA cm-2 with good reversibility. The humidity-sensitive resistance in dry air (10% RH) could reach up to six orders of magnitude higher than that in wet air (100% RH). Compound 1 showed an activation energy of 0.19 eV and may have potential electrochemical applications.

2.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 3039-3046, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35720255

RESUMO

Background: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) is a multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacillus that is known to be an opportunistic pathogen, particularly in a hospital environment. The infection has a high morbidity and mortality. Sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (SXT) is the first-line agent recommended for its treatment. The global spread of dihydropteroate synthase (sul) genes has resulted in an increased resistance rate. However, the appropriate therapy for infections caused by sul-carrying S. maltophilia has not yet been established. Objective: Our study aimed to identify the optimal antibiotic combinations that could both show high antibacterial activity against sul-carrying S. maltophilia and the ability to prevent the emergence of resistance at clinical dosage regimens. Methods: Time-killing experiments and mutant prevention concentration (MPC) experiments were conducted to evaluate the antibacterial effect and ability to prevent resistance to minocycline, tigecycline, moxifloxacin, and ticarcillin/clavulanic acid (T/K), both alone and in combination, at clinically relevant antimicrobial concentrations. Results: Minocycline, tigecycline, and T/K all exhibited bacteriostatic activity to sul-carrying S. maltophilia. The combination of minocycline plus T/K and tigecycline plus T/K neither enhanced the bactericidal ability nor prevented drug-resistant mutations. Moxifloxacin, at 2 mg/L, showed good bactericidal activity to most S. maltophilia, but bacterial regrowth at 24 h was observed in two strains. When combined with T/K, moxifloxacin showed good bactericidal activity in all moxifloxacin-sensitive strains. The concentrations of moxifloxacin alone were lower than most MPCs of the tested sul-carrying strains. When combined with T/K, the mean steady-state concentrations (MSC) of moxifloxacin could prevent 70% of resistance, and the peak concentration (Cmax) prevented 95% of resistance. Conclusion: The combination of moxifloxacin and T/K can achieve a good in vitro bactericidal effect and prevent the emergence of resistance at clinical dosage regimens, and may be an optimal therapeutic strategy for S. maltophilia infections, especially for vulnerable immunocompromised and critically ill patients.

3.
J Chem Phys ; 156(20): 204301, 2022 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35649828

RESUMO

The adsorption and self-assembly structures of melamine molecules on an Ag(111) surface are studied by low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) combined with tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS). Two ordered self-assembly phases of melamine molecules on Ag(111) were studied by STM and TERS, combining with first-principles simulations. The α-phase consists of flat-lying melamine molecules, while the ß-phase consists of mixed up-standing/tilted melamine molecules. Moreover, dehydrogenation of melamine can be controlled by annealing the sample as well as by a tip-enhanced photo-catalytic effect. Our work demonstrates TERS as a powerful tool not only for investigating the configuration and vibration properties of molecules on a metal surface with high spatial resolution but also for manipulating the chemical reactions with tip and photo-induced effects.

4.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0024222, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35647875

RESUMO

Paramyxoviridae is a rapidly growing family of viruses, whose potential for cross-species transmission makes it difficult to predict the harm of newly emerging viruses to humans and animals. To better understand their diversity, evolutionary history, and co-evolution with their hosts, we analyzed a collection of porcine parainfluenza virus (PPIV) genomes to reconstruct the species classification basis and evolutionary history of the Respirovirus genus. We sequenced 17 complete genomes of porcine respirovirus 1 (also known as porcine parainfluenza virus 1; PPIV-1), thereby nearly tripling the number of currently available PPIV-1 genomes. We found that PPIV-1 was widely prevalent in China with two divergent lineages, PPIV-1a and PPIV-1b. We further provided evidence that a new species, porcine parainfluenza virus 2 (PPIV-2), had recently emerged in China. Our results pointed to a need for revising the current species demarcation criteria of the Respirovirus genus. In addition, we used PPIV-1 as an example to explore recombination and diversity of the Respirovirus genus. Interestingly, we only detected heterosubtypic recombination events between PPIV-1a and PPIV-1b with no intrasubtypic recombination events. The recombination hotspots highlighted a diverse geography-dependent genome structure of paramyxovirus infecting swine in China. Furthermore, we found no evidence of co-evolution between respirovirus and its host, indicating frequent cross-species transmission. In summary, our analyses showed that swine can be infected with a broad range of respiroviruses and recombination may serve as an important evolutionary mechanism for the Respirovirus genus' greater diversity in genome structure than previously anticipated. IMPORTANCE Livestock have emerged as critically underrecognized sources of paramyxovirus diversity, including pigs serving as the source of Nipah virus (NiV) and swine parainfluenza virus type 3, and goats and bovines harboring highly divergent viral lineages. Here, we identified a new species of Respirovirus genus named PPIV-2 in swine and proposed to revise the species demarcation criteria of the Respirovirus genus. We found heterosubtypic recombination events and high genetic diversity in PPIV-1. Further, we showed that genetic recombination may have occurred in the Respirovirus genus which may be associated with host range expansion. The continued expansion of Respirovirus genus diversity in livestock with relatively high human contact rates requires enhanced surveillance and ongoing evaluation of emerging cross-species transmission threats.

5.
Technol Health Care ; 2022 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35661029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) have disorders of posture and movement and which can limit physical activities such as walkingOBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of virtual reality (VR) combined with robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) on walking ability in children with CP and clarify the most effective degree of weight reduction. METHODS: Sixty CP children were recruited and randomly allocated into four different groups. The control group received conventional physical therapy (n= 15), and task groups performed VR combined with RAGT with 15% (Group A, n= 15) /30% (Group B, n= 15) /45% (Group C, n= 15) weight loss. All participants were given 50 min of therapy per session four times a week for 12 weeks and were assessed pre-and post-test with the surface electromyography (EMG), the Modified Ashworth Scale, the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) dimension E and D, and Six-Minute Walking Test (6-MWT). RESULTS: All indicators had improved significantly in each group after the intervention (P< 0.05). The result of our study demonstrated that the more effective impacts of VR combined with RAGT on walking ability compared to the control group (P< 0.05), and 30% of weight loss had the best improvement in CP children (P< 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: VR combined RAGT can effectively improve walking ability in children with CP, especially when the weight loss is 30%.

6.
Food Chem ; 394: 133405, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35717920

RESUMO

A rapid and sensitive method was developed based on matrix solid phase dispersion (MSPD) for the determination of hexabromocyclododecane enantiomers (±α, ±ß and ± Î³-HBCD) in animal meat. The instrumental analysis was employed with liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) at trace level (ng g-1). To obtain excellent efficiency, the key parameters, including the type of dispersive adsorbent and elution solvent, were investigated by single-factor experiments. The volume of elution solvent and amount of dispersive adsorbent were optimized by the Box-Behnken design through response surface methodology. Under optimized conditions, the developed method exhibited excellent methodologic characteristics and was applied to the determination of HBCD enantiomers in real chicken and pork meat. Experimental results indicated that the proposed method would be an efficient, rapid and application method for the determination of lipophilic organic pollutants in animal meat.

7.
JAMA Pediatr ; 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35666518

RESUMO

Importance: Screen time has become an integral part of children's daily lives. Nevertheless, the developmental consequences of screen exposure in young children remain unclear. Objective: To investigate the screen time trajectory from 6 to 72 months of age and its association with children's development at age 72 months in a prospective birth cohort. Design, Setting, and Participants: Women in Shanghai, China, who were at 34 to 36 gestational weeks and had an expected delivery date between May 2012 and July 2013 were recruited for this cohort study. Their children were followed up at 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, and 72 months of age. Children's screen time was classified into 3 groups at age 6 months: continued low (ie, stable amount of screen time), late increasing (ie, sharp increase in screen time at age 36 months), and early increasing (ie, large amount of screen time in early stages that remained stable after age 36 months). Cognitive development was assessed by specially trained research staff in a research clinic. Of 262 eligible mother-offspring pairs, 152 dyads had complete data regarding all variables of interest and were included in the analyses. Data were analyzed from September 2019 to November 2021. Exposures: Mothers reported screen times of children at 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, and 72 months of age. Main Outcomes and Measures: The cognitive development of children was evaluated using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, 4th edition, at age 72 months. Social-emotional development was measured by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, which was completed by the child's mother. The study described demographic characteristics, maternal mental health, child's temperament at age 6 months, and mental development at age 12 months by subgroups clustered by a group-based trajectory model. Group difference was examined by analysis of variance. Results: A total of 152 mother-offspring dyads were included in this study, including 77 girls (50.7%) and 75 boys (49.3%) (mean [SD] age of the mothers was 29.7 [3.3] years). Children's screen time trajectory from age 6 to 72 months was classified into 3 groups: continued low (110 [72.4%]), late increasing (17 [11.2%]), and early increasing (25 [16.4%]). Compared with the continued low group, the late increasing group had lower scores on the Full-Scale Intelligence Quotient (ß coefficient, -8.23; 95% CI, -15.16 to -1.30; P < .05) and the General Ability Index (ß coefficient, -6.42; 95% CI, -13.70 to 0.86; P = .08); the early increasing group presented with lower scores on the Full-Scale Intelligence Quotient (ß coefficient, -6.68; 95% CI, -12.35 to -1.02; P < .05) and the Cognitive Proficiency Index (ß coefficient, -10.56; 95% CI, -17.23 to -3.90; P < .01) and a higher total difficulties score (ß coefficient, 2.62; 95% CI, 0.49-4.76; P < .05). Conclusions and Relevance: This cohort study found that excessive screen time in early years was associated with poor cognitive and social-emotional development. This finding may be helpful in encouraging awareness among parents of the importance of onset and duration of children's screen time.

8.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(12)2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35745335

RESUMO

Phase change memory (PCM), due to the advantages in capacity and endurance, has the opportunity to become the next generation of general-purpose memory. However, operation speed and data retention are still bottlenecks for PCM development. The most direct way to solve this problem is to find a material with high speed and good thermal stability. In this paper, platinum doping is proposed to improve performance. The 10-year data retention temperature of the doped material is up to 104 °C; the device achieves an operation speed of 6 ns and more than 3 × 105 operation cycles. An excellent performance was derived from the reduced grain size (10 nm) and the smaller density change rate (4.76%), which are less than those of Ge2Sb2Te5 (GST) and Sb2Te3. Hence, platinum doping is an effective approach to improve the performance of PCM and provide both good thermal stability and high operation speed.

9.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 10(6)2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35746488

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to preliminarily evaluate the immunogenicity and immune persistence of inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in PLWH in the real world. We collected blood samples from 132 PLWH aged 18-59 years who were vaccinated with two doses of BBIBP-CorV vaccine (Sinopharm) or CoronaVac vaccine (SinoVac) at 28 ± 7 days and 180 ± 20 days the after second dose, to detect the level of Spike receptor binding domain-protein specific IgG (S-RBD-IgG) by using chemiluminescence. We found that the BBIBP-CorV vaccine or the CoronaVac vaccine induced lower S-RBD-IgG antibody seropositivity rates and levels in PLWH than in healthy controls (HCs). The BBIBP-CorV vaccine or the CoronaVac vaccine induced lower humoral immune responses in PLWH, having lower CD4+T cell counts (<350 cells/µL) compared to PLWH, and having higher CD4+T cell counts (≥350 cells/µL) after a second dose of vaccination. The BBIBP-CorV vaccine or the CoronaVac vaccine induced lower S-RBD-IgG antibody levels in PLWH, having CD4+T cell counts ≥350 cells/µL compared to HCs. No negative effects were observed in terms of the CD4+T cell counts and HIV RNA viral load (VL) of PLWH after vaccination. Ninety-nine PLWH and eighty-three HCs completed a second blood collection for testing; we found a statistically significant decrease in the humoral immune response both in PLWH and HCs from 28 days to 180 days after a second dose of BBIBP-CorV vaccine or CoronaVac vaccine. The S-RBD-IgG antibody induced by the BBIBP-CorV vaccine or the CoronaVac vaccine declined faster in the PLWH population than in the healthy population, and two doses of the BBIBP-CorV vaccine or the CoronaVac vaccine may not be enough to provide PLWH with persistent immunity against SARS-CoV-2. It is necessary for PLWH to be prioritized for a third dose over the healthy population, but the immunogenicity of the third dose of the homologous or heterologous vaccine requires further study.

10.
BMC Neurol ; 22(1): 229, 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35729546

RESUMO

Freezing of gait is a common gait disorder among patients with advanced Parkinson's disease and is associated with falls. This paper designed the relevant experimental procedures to obtain FoG signals from PD patients. Accelerometers, gyroscopes, and force sensing resistor sensors were placed on the lower body of patients. On this basis, the research on the optimal feature extraction method, sensor configuration, and feature quantity selection in the FoG detection process is carried out. Thirteen typical features consisting of time domain, frequency domain and statistical features were extracted from the sensor signals. Firstly, we used the analysis of variance (ANOVA) to select features through comparing the effectiveness of two feature selection methods. Secondly, we evaluated the detection effects with different combinations of sensors to get the best sensors configuration. Finally, we selected the optimal features to construct FoG recognition model based on random forest. After comprehensive consideration of factors such as detection performance, cost, and actual deployment requirements, the 35 features obtained from the left shank gyro and accelerometer, and 78.39% sensitivity, 91.66% specificity, 88.09% accuracy, 77.58% precision and 77.98% f-score were achieved. This objective FoG recognition method has high recognition accuracy, which will be helpful for early FoG symptoms screening and treatment.


Assuntos
Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha , Doença de Parkinson , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Marcha , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/complicações , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/etiologia , Humanos , Perna (Membro) , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico
11.
J Exp Bot ; 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35728801

RESUMO

Crop multi-model ensembles (MME) have proven to be effective in increasing the accuracy of simulations in modelling experiments. However, the ability of a MME to capture crop response to changes in sowing dates and densities has not yet been investigated. These management interventions are some of the main levers for adapting cropping systems to climate change. Here, we explore the performance of a MME of 29 wheat crop models to predict the effect of changing sowing dates and rates on yield and yield components, on two sites located in a high-yielding environment in New Zealand. The experiment was conducted for 6 years and provided 50 combinations of sowing date, sowing density and growing season.". We show that the MME simulates seasonal growth of wheat well under standard sowing conditions, but fails under early sowing and high sowing rates. The comparison between observed and simulated in-season fraction of intercepted photosynthetically active radiation (FIPAR) for early sown wheat shows that the MME does not capture the decrease of crop above ground biomass during winter months due to senescence. Models need to better account for tiller competition for light, nutrients and water during vegetative growth, and early tiller senescence and tiller mortality, which are exacerbated by early sowing, high sowing densities and warmer winter temperatures.

13.
Inflammation ; 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35701685

RESUMO

Liver injury induced by intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) is accompanied by the polarization of Kupffer cells, which are specialized macrophages located in the liver. However, the causes of hepatic macrophage polarization after intestinal I/R remain unknown. This study investigated whether gut-derived exosomes contribute to the pathogenesis of liver injury triggered by intestinal I/R in a murine model and explored the underlying mechanisms. Intestinal I/R models were established by temporally clamping the superior mesenteric arteries of mice. Exosomes were isolated from the intestinal tissue of mice that underwent intestinal I/R or sham surgery according to a centrifugation-based protocol. Exosomes were co-cultured with RAW 264.7 macrophages or injected intravenously in mice. Liposomal clodronate was administered intraperitoneally to deplete the macrophages. Macrophage polarization was determined by flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Liver injury was assessed by histological morphology and increased serum aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels. Exosomes from mice intestines subjected to I/R (IR-Exo) promoted macrophage activation in vitro. Intravenous injection of IR-Exo caused hepatic M1 macrophage polarization and led to liver injury in mice. Depleting macrophages ameliorated liver injury caused by intestinal I/R or the injection of IR-Exo. Furthermore, inhibiting exosome release improved intestinal injury, liver function, and survival rates of mice subjected to intestinal I/R. Our study provides evidence that gut-derived exosomes induce liver injury after intestinal I/R by promoting hepatic M1 macrophage polarization. Inhibition of exosome secretion could be a therapeutic target for preventing hepatic impairment after intestinal I/R.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(22): e29326, 2022 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35665732

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Leiomyosarcoma of inferior vena cava (IVC) is a rare clinical entity with severe vascular involvement. Surgical management of leiomyosarcoma is still challenging. METHODS: This a retrospective study of consecutive patients referred to our hospital from January 2017 to June 2019. Depending on the anatomical site of affected IVC, leiomyosarcomas were categorized into zone I-II. The clinical data including baseline information, surgical parameters, peri-operative management, short- and mid-term outcomes were observed. RESULTS: Four patients with leiomyosarcoma of zone I-III underwent radical resection without intraoperative mortality. Prosthetic grafts were interpositioned in all patients to instruct vena cava. Renal vein reconstruction was perfumed in two patients due to involvement to renal veins. Median blood loss was 450 mL (200-600 mL), median operative time was 215 minutes (150-240 minutes). No Clavien-Dindo IIIa or higher complication was observed. No organ dysfunction and recurrence were observed with median follow-up of 25.5 months. CONCLUSIONS: Curative resection of zone I-II leiomyosarcoma is associated with longer survival in selected cases, en-bloc resection with complex vascular reconstruction could be considered.


Assuntos
Leiomiossarcoma , Neoplasias Vasculares , Humanos , Leiomiossarcoma/cirurgia , Veias Renais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias Vasculares/cirurgia , Veia Cava Inferior/cirurgia
15.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 9921, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35705630

RESUMO

The tensile strength of loess is closely related to geological disasters. As eco-friendly materials, biopolymers have an excellent strengthening effect on the mechanical properties of soil. The effect of different initial dry densities and xanthan gum (XG) contents on the microstructure and mechanical behavior of XG-treated loess was studied with a series of microscopic tests and splitting tensile tests based on the particle image velocimetry technique. The results show that the XG became concentrated and agglomerated during dehydration, forming bridge links between soil particles and covering their surfaces. The XG-treated loess had a significant concentration of micropores and mesopores, with greater peak pore size distribution values than untreated loess. The specimens' load-displacement curves with different XG contents and initial dry densities showed strain-softening. The displacement vector field indicated that specimens' primary cracks were radial-vertical, and the secondary cracks were well-developed. The strain-softening phenomenon was more significant with increased XG content and initial dry density, and the specimens' splitting tensile strength and brittleness increased. XG treatment gave the soils stronger cementation and a denser structure, helping to increase strength and brittleness. This research provides a scientific basis and practical experience for applying XG in geotechnical engineering.


Assuntos
Polissacarídeos Bacterianos , Solo , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/química , Reologia , Resistência à Tração
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642887

RESUMO

Lung transplants are still limited by the shortage of suitable donor lungs, especially during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. A heterotopic lung transplant (HLTx), as a flexible surgical procedure, can maximize the potential of donor lungs in an emergency, but its widespread use is hindered by difficulties in anastomosis and paucity of outcome data. We performed a retrospective review of 4 patients, each of whom received an HLTxs over 1 year, including 1 left-to-right single HLTx, 2 right-to-left single HLTxs and 1 lobar HLTx (right upper lobe-to-left). The median recipient age was 58.5 years (46-68); 3 patients were male. The postoperative hospital stay was 33 days (30-42). One recipient lived for 10 years and died of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome; the others were alive with no major morbidity at 12 to 31 months after the operation with a 1-year survival of 100%. The follow-up chest images showed that transplanted lungs could be inflated well and adapted morphologically to fill the thoracic cavity in the short and long term. This study demonstrates that an HLTx is a feasible alternative to a conventional lung transplant in emergency cases and could be considered in selected patients at advanced medical centres.


Assuntos
Bronquiolite Obliterante , COVID-19 , Transplante de Pulmão , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão , Transplante de Pulmão/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Pulmão/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(10): 550, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35722362

RESUMO

Background: Thromboelastography (TEG) can dynamically evaluate the interaction between platelets and coagulation cascade and the effects of other cellular components on the activities of plasma factors, to comprehensively analyze the whole process of blood coagulation and dissolution. Due to differences in both the incidence rates and the coagulation state of related diseases, many studies have highlighted the necessity of establishing the normal reference ranges for TEG for local regions. The aim of the present study was to determine the local normal reference ranges according to the TEG results of 17,708 volunteers in Beijing, to explore the coagulation characteristics related to the age and sex of the study population. Methods: Reference ranges of reaction time (R), coagulation time (K), coagulation angle (α-angle), and maximum thrombus consistency (MA) for TEG in healthy adults in Beijing were determined in the physical examination of 17,708 Beijing volunteers (5,319 women and 12,389 men). The volunteers were divided into the elderly group (≥60 years old) and young and middle-aged group (20-59 years old), and the reference ranges of each group were calculated according to sex. Results: Based on the TEG results of the 17,708 volunteers who underwent physical examination, the 95% reference ranges of R, K, α-angle, and MA for TEG in Beijing were 5.1-10 min, 1.3-3.8 min, 44.9-70.2°, and 50.4-71 min, respectively. The results of R, K, α-angle, and MA for TEG between the young and middle-aged group and the elderly group, as well as between women and men were significantly different (P<0.001). Finally, reference ranges for TEG in the young and middle-aged group and the elderly group were obtained. Conclusions: Compared with the reference standards provided by previous reagent manufacturers, the coagulation factor and fibrinogen function of TEG tend to be hypocoagulable in Beijing population. We found that the young and middle-aged group had lower coagulation activity than the elderly group, and women had higher coagulation activity than men in the same group.

18.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 5766-5775, 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35723976

RESUMO

Anatase TiO2(001) surface with (4 × 1) reconstruction is proposed to be a highly active catalytic surface. In this work, using time-domain ab initio nonadiabatic molecular dynamics, we reveal that the ridge structure formed by anatase(001) surface reconstruction is the photoreactive site for hole migration and trapping. Moreover, the ridge structure is destroyed by low-coverage CH3OH adsorption, leading to the suppression of its high photoreactivity. However, when the CH3OH coverage is increased and intermolecular hydrogen bonds (H-bonds) form, the ridge structure and its high photoreactivity are restored. Furthermore, the hole trapping dynamics is strongly coherent with intermolecular proton transfer in structures with intermolecular H-bonds. Our study proves that anatase TiO2(001)-(4 × 1) is a highly photoreactive surface where the ridge is the photoreactive site for hole trapping, which is coherent with the proton transfer process.

19.
Sci Adv ; 8(24): eabo2675, 2022 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35714193

RESUMO

Understanding how the nuclear quantum effects (NQEs) in the hydrogen bond (H-bond) network influence the photoexcited charge transfer at semiconductor/molecule interface is a challenging problem. By combining two kinds of emerging molecular dynamics methods at the ab initio level, the path integral-based molecular dynamics and time-dependent nonadiabatic molecular dynamics, and choosing CH3OH/TiO2 as a prototypical system to study, we find that the quantum proton motion in the H-bond network is strongly coupled with the ultrafast photoexcited charge dynamics at the interface. The hole trapping ability of the adsorbed methanol molecule is notably enhanced by the NQEs, and thus, it behaves as a hole scavenger on titanium dioxide. The critical role of the H-bond network is confirmed by in situ scanning tunneling microscope measurements with ultraviolet light illumination. It is concluded the quantum proton motion in the H-bond network plays a critical role in influencing the energy conversion efficiency based on photoexcitation.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 838(Pt 3): 156284, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35636539

RESUMO

Soybean is an important oil crop in China, and the national focus of soybean production is in Northeast China. In order to achieve high-stable yield, it is crucial to acknowledge the impacts of mean climate and extreme climate indices on soybean yield and yield components. In this study, based on the weather data from 61 counties from 1981 to 2017 in Northeast China, we assessed the impacts of mean climate and extreme climate indices on soybean observed yield and simulated yield. Mean climate include effective growing degree days (GDD10), precipitation (Pre), and solar radiation (SR); extreme climate indices include the number of cool days during seed-filling period (C15), the number of cool days during 15 days before anthesis (C17), the number of hot days (H30), maximum amount of 5 Day accumulated precipitation (P5), and consecutive dry days (CDD)). We used the DSSAT-CROPGRO-Soybean model to identify the main yield components for soybean. The results showed that observed soybean yield reduced by 3.57% due to the collective changes in the eight study climate indices. Increases in GDD10, decreases in Pre, and decreases in SR caused a 3.96%, -3.89%, and - 0.48% change in soybean yield, respectively. Decreases in C15 and C17 led to a 5.36% increase in soybean yield; increases in H30, P5, and CDD caused a 5.75%, 0.30%, and 1.14% reduction in soybean yield, respectively. By comparing the response of observed and simulated soybean yield to climate indices (excluding P5) in the DSSAT-CROPGRO-Soybean model, we identified the key yield components for soybean as the number of pods and seed weight. The negative impacts on the number of pods and seed weight were mainly attributed to changes in Pre and H30 from anthesis to podding and during seed-filling period. Our results could be used to assist the local soybean community adapt to climate change.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Soja , China , Sementes , Tempo (Meteorologia)
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