Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 7.379
Filtrar
1.
Anal Chem ; 2024 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38953489

RESUMO

26% of the world's population lacks access to clean drinking water; clean water and sanitation are major global challenges highlighted by the UN Sustainable Development Goals, indicating water security in public water systems is at stake today. Water monitoring using precise instruments by skilled operators is one of the most promising solutions. Despite decades of research, the professionalism-convenience trade-off when monitoring ubiquitous metal ions remains the major challenge for public water safety. Thus, to overcome these disadvantages, an easy-to-use and highly sensitive visual method is desirable. Herein, an innovative strategy for one-to-nine metal detection is proposed, in which a novel thiourea spectroscopic probe with high 9-metal affinity is synthesized, acting as "one", and is detected based on the 9 metal-thiourea complexes within portable spectrometers in the public water field; this is accomplished by nonspecialized personnel as is also required. During the processing of multimetal analysis, issues arise due to signal overlap and reproducibility problems, leading to constrained sensitivity. In this innovative endeavor, machine learning (ML) algorithms were employed to extract key features from the composite spectral signature, addressing multipeak overlap, and completing the detection within 30-300 s, thus achieving a detection limit of 0.01 mg/L and meeting established conventional water quality standards. This method provides a convenient approach for public drinking water safety testing.

2.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38955602

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Different techniques have been used to record the locations of dental implants, yet research examining the clinical outcomes of posterior implant-supported prostheses generated by different techniques, particularly concerning their fit, is lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this self-controlled study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of closed tray impression making and intraoral scanning for single posterior implant-supported restorations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-two participants with a single missing posterior tooth were included. The restorations were delivered a minimum of 3 months after tissue-level implant placement. Each participant was provided with 2 screw-retained monolithic zirconia crowns, produced using 3-dimensional (3D) gel deposition from both closed tray impression making (control group) and intraoral scanning using an iTero scanner (experimental group). The recording operating time, the patient comfort assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS), and the fit of the crowns were recorded during clinical evaluation. The paired t test and Mann-Whitney U test were conducted to statistically analyze the differences between the 2 techniques (α=.05). RESULTS: Seventy-six participants completed the study with a dropout rate of 7.3%. The mean ±standard deviation recording operating time of the control and experimental groups was 683 ±164 and 777 ±407 s, respectively (P<.05). The mean ±standard deviation VAS score of the control and experimental groups was 2.6 ±1.6 and 1.3 ±1.0, respectively (P<.05). The crowns in both groups showed excellent marginal fit (P>.05), but the occlusal contacts of crowns in the experimental group were significantly better (P<.05), while the interproximal contacts were significantly worse (P<.05) compared with those in the control group. In the control group, 1 crown was rated as Delta for occlusal contact and deemed clinically unacceptable. CONCLUSIONS: In single posterior tissue-level implant-supported restorations, the clinical outcomes of most of the screw-retained monolithic zirconia crowns generated from closed tray impression making and intraoral scanning with the iTero system and fabricated by 3D gel deposition were acceptable. Compared with the closed tray impression technique, intraoral scanning resulted in better patient comfort and occlusal contacts but worse interproximal contacts. Efficiency was lower with intraoral scanning.

3.
Front Neurosci ; 18: 1360459, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38966761

RESUMO

Objective: SWI image signal is related to venous reflux disorder and perfusion defect. Computed tomography perfusion (CTP) contains perfusion information in space and time. There is a complementary basis between them to affect the prognosis of cerebral infarction. Methods: Sixty-six patients included in the retrospective study were designated as the training set. Effective perfusion indicator features and imaging radiomic features of the peri-infarction area on Susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) and CTP modality images were extracted from each case. Thirty-three patients from the prospectively included group were designated as the test set of the machine learning model based on a sparse representation method. The predicted results were compared with the DWI results of the patients' 7-10 days review to assess the validity and accuracy of the prediction. Results: The AUC of the SWI + CTP integrated model was 0.952, the ACC was 0.909, the SEN was 0.889, and the SPE was 0.933. The prediction performance is the highest. Compared with the value of AUC: the SWI model is 0.874, inferior to the performance of the SWI + CTP model, and the CTP model is 0.715. Conclusion: The prediction efficiency of the changing trend of infarction volume is further improved by the correlation between the combination of the two image features.

4.
Cornea ; 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38967494

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate changes of hydroxyproline concentration and its influencing factors of small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE)-derived corneal stromal lenticules with different preservation methods. METHODS: A total of 390 corneal stromal lenticules of 195 patients were derived from SMILE surgeries. Thirty of the lenticules were classified as the fresh (control) group, and the rest were randomly and evenly divided and stored in anhydrous glycerol, silicone oil, Optisol, and cryopreservation for 1 day, 1 week, or 1 month. A hydroxyproline assay kit (ab222941, Abcam) was used to measure the hydroxyproline concentration in each preservation method. Concentrations of MMP-2, TIMP-2, TNFα, TGFß2, and reactive oxygen species were also evaluated. RESULTS: In the anhydrous glycerol group, the concentration of hydroxyproline decreased within 1 week (fresh: 1 dΔ = 0.229, P < 0.001*; 1 d - 1 wΔ = 0.055, P < 0.001*) while that in the silicone oil group remained stable in 1 week (1 d - 1 wΔ = -0.005, P = 0.929) and decreased significantly in 1 m (1 m - 1 wΔ = -0.041, P = 0.003*). The sequence of hydroxyproline concentration in the Optisol group was 1 m > 1 day > 1 week. Hydroxyproline concentration in the cryopreservation group decreased within 1 m. Hydroxyproline concentration was highest in the Optisol group and lowest in the anhydrous glycerol group under the same preservation time. Hydroxyproline concentration was negatively correlated with MMP-2 (r = -0.16, P = 0.421) and TIMP-2 (r = -0.56, P = 0.002*) while MMP-2 and TNFα (r = 0.17, P = 0.242), TIMP-2 and TGFß2 (r = 0.21, P = 0.207), and TNFα and reactive oxygen species (r = 0.52, P = 0.007*) were positively correlated. CONCLUSIONS: More collagen was retained in SMILE lenticules preserved in Optisol under the same preservation time. The mechanism of the changes of collagen in preserved SMILE-derived lenticules and oxidative stress requires additional investigation.

5.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 2024 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38967627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Survival and regeneration mechanisms of large (>250 mL) fat grafts remain incompletely understood. In fat grafts from volunteers with megavolume fat transfer breast augmentation, neovascularization and inflammatory cell infiltration decreased within 7 days according to histological analysis. We further investigated this phenomenon using a nude mouse model. METHODS: To simulate clinical contexts, chambers containing 1 mL human fat were implanted into nude mice. Chambers allowed selective transfer of tissue fluid from recipient nude mice into chambers, but not capillaries or macrophages. Seven days later, fat was removed from the chamber and reimplanted into a new nude mouse in the open-chambered fat group (OCFG, n=45). Adipose samples from volunteers and explanted grafts from OCFG were subjected to histological analyses. Graft weight, vascularization, and immune response were also compared between the OCFG and conventional direct fat grafting (control group (CG)). RESULTS: Percent tissue integrity, percent fibrosis, adipocyte viability, and neovascularization did not significantly differ between volunteer samples and OCFG grafts at day 7. On day 90, OCFG retention rate was decreased relative to CG and the fibrosis area was larger in the OCFG than in the CG. However, the macrophage and capillary counts were lower in the OCFG group relative to CG at days 7 and 14 after transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: The present study provides histological analyses of megavolume fat grafts sampled from clinical breast augmentation tissues and a xenograft nude mouse model. However, these preliminary results in a small clinical cohort should be further assessed in large allogeneic animal models.

6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 118528, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38972526

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pudilan Xiaoyan Oral Liquid (PDL) is a proprietary Chinese medicinal preparation approved by the State for treating acute pharyngitis in both adults and children (Approval No. Z20030095). It is worth noting that children exhibit unique physiopathological characteristics compared to adults. However, the in vivo regulatory characteristics of PDL in treating acute pharyngitis in children remain incompletely understood. AIM OF THE STUDY: The differential absorption and metabolism characteristics of the main pharmacological components in PDL in young and adult rats were investigated with a view to providing a reference for preclinical data of PDL in medication for children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study utilized UPLC-Q-TOF-MS to investigate the pharmacodynamic material basis of PDL. The focus was on the gastrointestinal digestion and absorption characteristics of organic acid components in PDL (PDL-OAC), known as the primary pharmacodynamic components in this formulation. The research combined in vitro dynamic simulation and a Quadruple single-pass intestinal perfusion model to examine these characteristics. The permeability properties of PDL-OAC were evaluated using an artificial parallel membrane model. Additionally, an acute pharyngitis model was established to evaluate the histopathological condition of the pharynx in young rats using H&E staining. The levels of IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 in blood and pharyngeal tissue homogenates of young rats were quantified using ELISA kits. RESULTS: A total of 91 components were identified in PDL, including 33 organic acids, 24 flavonoids, 14 alkaloids, 5 terpenoids and coumarins, 3 sugars, and 12 amino acids. The PDL-OAC exhibited a significant reduction in IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 levels in the pharyngeal tissues of young rats with acute pharyngitis. Results from dynamic simulation studies of gastrointestinal fluids revealed that the PDL-OAC (Specifically chlorogenic acid (CGA), gallic acid (GA), chicoric acid (CRA), and caffeic acid (CA)) were effectively stabilized in the gastrointestinal fluids of both children and adults in vitro. Young rats, characterized by thinner intestinal walls and higher permeability, efficiently absorbed the four organic acids across the entire intestinal segment. The absorption of CGA, GA, and CRA followed a concentration-dependent pattern, with CGA and GA absorption being influenced by exocytosis. CONCLUSION: The efficacy of the PDL-OAC in treating acute pharyngitis was demonstrated in young rats. The absorption rate of these components was observed to be faster in young rats compared to adult rats, underscoring the need for dedicated studies on the drug's usage in children. This research provides valuable insights for the appropriate clinical use of PDL in pediatric patients.

7.
Adv Mater ; : e2404177, 2024 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38973224

RESUMO

Sliding ferroelectricity in 2D materials, arising from interlayer sliding-induced interlayer hybridization and charge redistribution at the van der Waals interface, offers a means to manipulate spontaneous polarization at the atomic scale through various methods such as stacking order, interfacial contact, and electric field. However, the practical application of extending 2D sliding ferroelectricity remains challenging due to the contentious mechanisms and the complex device structures required for ferroelectric switching. Here, a sliding memristor based on a graphene/parallel-stacked hexagonal boron nitride/graphene tunneling device, featuring a stable memristive hysteresis induced by interfacial polarizations and barrier height modulations, is presented. As the tunneling current density increases, the memristive window broadens, achieving an on/off ratio of ≈103 and 2 order decrease of the trigger current density, attributed to the interlayer migration of positively charged boron ions and the formation of conductive filaments, as supported by the theoretical calculations. The findings open a path for exploring the sliding memristor via a tunneling device and bridge the gap between sliding ferroelectricity and memory applications.

8.
Ann Lab Med ; 2024 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38953114

RESUMO

Background: The accurate measurement of α-fetoprotein (AFP) is critical for clinical diagnosis. However, different AFP immunoassays may yield different results. Appropriate AFP reference materials (RMs) were selected and assigned accurate values for applications with external quality assessment (EQA) programs to standardize AFP measurements. Methods: Forty individual clinical samples and six different concentrations of candidate RMs (Can-RMs, L1-L6) were prepared by the Beijing Center for Clinical Laboratories. The Can-RMs were assigned target values by performing five immunoassays, using WHO International Standard 72/225 as a calibrator, and sent to 45 clinical laboratories in Beijing for AFP measurements. The commutability of all RMs was assessed based on CLSI and the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) approaches. Analytical performance was assessed for compliance based on accuracy (total error, TE), trueness (bias), and precision (CV). Results: The Can-RMs were commutable for all immunoassays using the CLSI approach and for 6 of 10 assay combinations using the IFCC approach. RMs diluted in WHO RM 72/225 were commutable among all assays with the CLSI approach, except for serum matrix (Autolumo vs. Roche analyzer) and diluted water matrix (Abbott vs. Roche/Mindray analyzer), whereas some inconclusive and non-commutable results were found using the IFCC approach. The average pass rates based on the TE, bias, and CV were 91%, 81%, and 95%, respectively. Conclusions: The commutability of the RMs differed between both evaluation approaches. The Can-RMs exhibited good commutability with the CLSI approach, suggesting their suitability for use with that approach as commutable EQA materials with assigned values and for monitoring the performance of AFP measurements.

9.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0306041, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38941301

RESUMO

Based on 908 consumer questionnaire data from 15 urban areas in Shanghai, we use the binary logit model to empirically analyze the impact of traceability label trust on consumers' traceable pork purchase behavior and the moderating effect of food safety identification. After constructing the theoretical analysis framework, this paper verifies it from the two aspects of statistical analysis and econometric analysis and tests the robustness of the final results. The results show that: first, traceability label trust has a significant positive impact on consumers' traceability pork behavior. Second, food safety identification can significantly strengthen and promote this process. Third, consumers' purchasing behavior is significantly positively affected by traceable pork consumption scenarios and price labels, but the permanent elderly in the composition of family members significantly negative impact on it. Therefore, we put forward relevant policy suggestions, such as strengthening the knowledge popularization and publicity based on the advantageous commodity attributes of traceable pork, carrying out food safety knowledge popularization education, and enhancing consumers' risk perception and food safety identification ability.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Inocuidade dos Alimentos , Confiança , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Animais , Suínos , China , Adulto Jovem , Idoso
10.
J Affect Disord ; 2024 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38944291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the United States, the lifetime prevalence of depression in the US population is 20.6 %. We aimed to understand the temporal trends in the prevalence of depression among adults in the United States during the period 2013-2022 as well as the effects of age, period, and cohort effects on the prevalence of depression. METHODS: Data from 3,139,488 participants in the U.S. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) from 2013 to 2022 were used in this study. The joinpoint regression model was used to calculate annual percentage change (APC) and average annual percentage change (AAPC) to learn about the time trends in the prevalence of depression. Age-period-cohort models were used to estimate the effects of age, period, and birth cohort effects on the prevalence of depression. RESULTS: The prevalence of depression among adults in the United States showed an overall increasing trend from 2013 to 2022. The rate of increase was greater in males than females, with AAPC values of 1.44 % (95 % CI: 0.32-2.18), and 1.23 % (95 % CI: 0.32-2.25), respectively. Regarding the age effect, the risk of depression among adults in the United States generally showed an increasing and then decreasing trend with age. The risk of developing the condition reached its maximum at 50-54 years (RR = 1.28, 95 % CI = 1.26-1.30). Regarding the period effect, the risk of depression among US adults was higher during 2018-2022 than during 2013-2017. The overall cohort effect for depression prevalence was a higher risk for those born later, with a maximum RR of 1.51 (95 % CI: 1.47-1.54). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of adult depression in the United States is showing an increasing trend. Middle-aged people and those born later in life deserve more attention as high-risk groups. It is recommended that the condition burden of depression be reduced with the promotion of healthy lifestyles, the promotion of interpersonal communication, as well as enhanced mental health education and mental health literacy.

11.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 10(6)2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38921409

RESUMO

This study aims to report three new species of Conoideocrella and Moelleriella from Yunnan Province, Southwestern China. Species of Conoideocrella and Moelleriella parasitize scale insects (Coccidae and Lecaniidae, Hemiptera) and whiteflies (Aleyrodidae, Hemiptera). Based on the phylogenetic analyses of the three-gene nrLSU, tef-1α, and rpb1, it showed one new record species (Conoideocrella tenuis) and one new species (Conoideocrella fenshuilingensis sp. nov.) in the genus Conoideocrella, and two new species, i.e., Moelleriella longzhuensis sp. nov. and Moelleriella jinuoana sp. nov. in the genus Moelleriella. The three new species were each clustered into separate clades that distinguished themselves from one another. All of them were distinguishable from their allied species based on their morphology. Morphological descriptions, illustrations, and comparisons of the allied taxa of the four species are provided in the present paper. In addition, calculations of intraspecific and interspecific genetic distances were performed for Moelleriella and Conoideocrella.

12.
BMC Pulm Med ; 24(1): 292, 2024 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38914991

RESUMO

AIM: The clinical characteristics associated with pulmonary function decline in patients with Tuberculosis-destroyed lung (TDL) remain uncertain. We categorize them based on the pattern of pulmonary function impairment, distinguishing between restrictive spirometric pattern (RSP) and obstructive spirometric pattern (OSP). We aim to compare the severity of these patterns with the clinical characteristics of TDL patients and analyze their correlation. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective analysis on the clinical data of TDL patients who underwent consecutive pulmonary function tests (PFT) from November 2002 to February 2023. We used the lower limit formula for normal values based on the 2012 Global Lung Function Initiative. We compared the clinical characteristics of RSP patients with those of OSP patients. The characteristics of RSP patients were analyzed using the tertiles of forced vital capacity percentage predicted (FVC% pred) decline based on PFT measurements, and the characteristics of OSP patients were analyzed using the tertiles of forced expiratory volume in 1 s percentage predicted (FEV1% pred) decline. RESULT: Among the RSP patients, those in the Tertile1 group (with lower FVC% pred) were more likely to have a higher of body mass index (BMI), spinal deformities, and C-reactive protein (CRP) compared to the other two groups (P for trend < 0.001, 0.027, and 0.013, respectively). Among OSP patients, those in the Tertile1 group (with lower FEV1% pred) showed an increasing trend in cough symptoms and contralateral lung infection compared to the Tertile 2-3 group (P for trend 0.036 and 0.009, respectively). CONCLUSION: For TDL patients, we observed that Patients with high BMI, a higher proportion of spinal scoliosis, and abnormal elevation of CRP levels were more likely to have reduced FVC. Patients with decreased FEV1% pred have more frequent cough symptoms and a higher proportion of lung infections on the affected side.


Assuntos
Pulmão , Espirometria , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Capacidade Vital , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Adulto , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Tuberculose Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Testes de Função Respiratória , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Índice de Massa Corporal
13.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 48: 104245, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38871015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anal condyloma acuminatum (CA) is marked by its thorny treatment and high recurrence rate. Although 5-aminolevulinic acid photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) demonstrates significant efficacy and safety in treating anal CA, it does not completely prevent recurrence. This study aimed to develop and validate a nomogram model in predicting the risk of relapse in HIV-negative patients with anal CA following treatment with ALA-PDT. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients diagnosed with anal CA who received combined CO2 laser vaporization and ALA-PDT between January 2013 and May 2023. Patients were divided into recurrence and non-recurrence groups. A nomogram was developed based on factors showing statistical significance in multivariable logistic regression analysis. The discriminative ability and clinical utility of the nomogram were assessed via ROC curves and decision curve analysis, with internal validation performed through bootstrap resampling. RESULTS: Among the 176 patients included, 33 (18.75 %) experienced recurrence, while 143 did not. Independent predictors for recurrence included HPV types, history of anal intercourse, and the number of CO2 laser treatments received. Incorporating these predictors, the nomogram demonstrated a superior diagnostic performance (area under the curve = 0.881, 95 % CI: 0.818-0.935) and a significant net benefit in decision curve analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram accurately predicts the risk of recurrence in HIV-negative patients with anal CA following ALA-PDT. It offers a valuable tool for guiding preoperative clinical decision-making and establishing personalized treatment strategies to minimize the risk of relapse.

14.
Cancer Lett ; 597: 217043, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38876386

RESUMO

HER2-positive cancer is a prevalent subtype of malignancy with poor prognosis, yet current targeted therapies, like Trastuzumab and pyrotinib, have resulted in remission in patients with HER2-positive cancer. This study provides a novel approach for immunotherapy based on a hydroxyapatite (HA) gene delivery system producing a bispecific antibody for HER2-positive cancer treatment. An HA nanocarrier has been synthesized by the classical hydrothermal method. Particularly, the HA-nanoneedle system was able to mediate stable gene expression of minicircle DNA (MC) encoding a humanized anti-CD3/anti-HER2 bispecific antibody (BsAbHER2) in vivo. The produced BsAbs exhibited a potent killing effect not only in HER2-positive cancer cells but also in patient-derived organoids in vitro. This HA-nanoneedle gene delivery system features simple large-scale preparation and clinical applicability. Hence, the HA-nanoneedle gene delivery system combined with minicircle DNA vector encoding BsAbHER2 reported here provides a potential immunotherapy strategy for HER2-positive tumors.

15.
Food Funct ; 2024 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38916856

RESUMO

Background: Diet and body mass index (BMI) are widely recognized as being closely associated with aging. However, it remains unclear which dietary indices are associated with aging, and the extent to which BMI mediates the relationship between diet and aging. Therefore, this study investigates the mediating role of BMI in the association between various dietary indices and phenotypic age acceleration (PhenoAgeAccel). Methods: Data were sourced from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), using two 24 hour recall interviews to compute four dietary indices: the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), Healthy Eating Index-2020 (HEI-2020), Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010), and Composite Dietary Antioxidant Index (CDAI). Linear regression analyses and mediation analyses assessed the associations between dietary indices and PhenoAgeAccel and the mediating effects of BMI. Z-score transformations (zDII, zHEI-2020, zAHEI-2010, and zCDAI) were used to ensure comparability between different dietary indices. Results: After adjusting for covariates, the zHEI-2020, zAHEI-2010, and zCDAI were negatively associated with PhenoAgeAccel (P < 0.05), with ß values being -0.36, -0.40, and -0.41, respectively. The zDII was positively associated with PhenoAgeAccel (P < 0.001) with a ß value of 0.70. Mediation analyses suggested that BMI significantly mediated the relationships between these dietary indices and PhenoAgeAccel. The mediation proportions were 23.7% for zDII, 43.3% for zHEI-2020, 24.5% for zAHEI-2010, and 23.6% for zCDAI. Conclusions: This study indicates that all dietary indices and BMI were significantly associated with PhenoAgeAccel. In addition, BMI exhibited the highest mediation proportion in the relationship between HEI-2020 and PhenoAgeAccel.

16.
J Ren Nutr ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38851308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Excessive sugar intake increases the energy metabolic burden and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Patients on peritoneal dialysis absorb much more glucose than the World Health Organization recommends, but the link to CVD is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To identify the association between peritoneal glucose absorption, lipid metabolism, and CVD. METHODS: We applied generalized additive mixed effects and mixed effects Cox proportional hazard models to evaluate the impact of peritoneal glucose absorption on lipid profiles and CVD risk. We performed subgroup analyses by using protein intake (normalized protein nitrogen appearance [nPNA] and normalized protein catabolic rate [nPCR] were used to assess protein intake) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). RESULTS: After multivariable adjustment, peritoneal glucose absorption per 10 g/d increase was associated with an increase in cholesterol of 0.145 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.086-0.204) mmol/L. No link with the total risk of CVD was observed; however, protein intake and hs-CRP levels affected the relationship between glucose absorption and CVD risk. Patients with values for nPNA and nPCR <1.0 g/(kg·d) were associated with a lower risk of CVD (hazard ratio [HR] 95% CI: 0.68 (0.46-0.98)) with glucose absorption per 10 g/d increase. While patients with hs-CRP levels ≥3 mg/d or values for nPNA or nPCR ≥1.0 g/(kg·d) were associated with a higher risk of CVD (HR 95% CI: 1.32 (1.07-1.63); 1.31 (1.02-1.68)) for glucose absorption per 10 g/d increase. CONCLUSIONS: Our study found a positive correlation between peritoneal glucose absorption and lipid profiles. Increased glucose absorption was associated with a lower risk of CVD in lower protein intake patients and a higher risk of CVD in higher hs-CRP or protein intake levels in patients on peritoneal dialysis.

17.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 16(12): 10239-10251, 2024 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38942609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Blood transfusion is a common therapeutic procedure in hospitalized patients. Red blood cell (RBC) units undergo various biochemical and morphological changes during storage (storage lesion). miRNAs have been studied intensively regarding cellular metabolic processes, but the effect of miRNAs on blood storage is not well defined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed bioinformatics analysis on the public data set of miRNA expression of RBC based on R language, and performed the Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis on the target genes of differentially expressed miRNA. The expression of miRNA differential genes in blood samples stored at different times was verified by qRT-PCR. Next, we used ELISA and qRT-PCR to verify the expression of IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-12 and TNF-α in blood at day 1 and day 42. In addition, in vitro, we transfected macrophages with overexpressed miRNA, and the effects of overexpressed miRNA on macrophage polarization and the release of inflammatory factors were verified by flow cytometry and qRT-PCR and ELISA. RESULTS: This study combined bioinformatics analysis and experiments to discover the differentially expressed miRNAs in long-term stored blood. The results showed that compared to fresh blood samples, the inflammatory factors were significantly doubled by ELISA, as well as the higher mRNA expression at 42 day. Experimentally verified that miR-33a-5p promoted the M1 type macrophage polarization and increased the release of related inflammatory factors through PPARα/ACC2/AMPK/CPT-1a axis regulation. CONCLUSIONS: This study elucidates a potential mechanism of inflammatory factor accumulation in long-term stored blood, providing a theoretical basis and a potential target to prevent transfusion-related adverse reactions.


Assuntos
Preservação de Sangue , Eritrócitos , Imunidade Inata , Inflamação , MicroRNAs , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/genética , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/imunologia , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Eritrócitos/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Biologia Computacional , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/imunologia
18.
J Proteome Res ; 23(7): 2343-2354, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38831540

RESUMO

Gemcitabine (GEM) is widely employed in the treatment of various cancers, including pancreatic cancer. Despite their clinical success, challenges related to GEM resistance and toxicity persist. Therefore, a deeper understanding of its intracellular mechanisms and potential targets is urgently needed. In this study, through mass spectrometry analysis in data-dependent acquisition mode, we carried out quantitative proteomics (three independent replications) and thermal proteome profiling (TPP, two independent replications) on MIA PaCa-2 cells to explore the effects of GEM. Our proteomic analysis revealed that GEM led to the upregulation of the cell cycle and DNA replication proteins. Notably, we observed the upregulation of S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (SKP2), a cell cycle and chemoresistance regulator. Combining SKP2 inhibition with GEM showed synergistic effects, suggesting SKP2 as a potential target for enhancing the GEM sensitivity. Through TPP, we pinpointed four potential GEM binding targets implicated in tumor development, including in breast and liver cancers, underscoring GEM's broad-spectrum antitumor capabilities. These findings provide valuable insights into GEM's molecular mechanisms and offer potential targets for improving treatment efficacy.


Assuntos
Desoxicitidina , Gencitabina , Proteômica , Proteínas Quinases Associadas a Fase S , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Desoxicitidina/farmacologia , Desoxicitidina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Proteômica/métodos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas Quinases Associadas a Fase S/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Associadas a Fase S/genética , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 273(Pt 1): 132765, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823738

RESUMO

The retrogradation of starch is crucial for the texture and nutritional value of starchy foods products. There is mounting evidence highlighting the significant impact of starch's fine structures on starch retrogradation. Because of the complexity of starch fine structure, it is a formidable challenge to study the structure-property relationship of starch retrogradation. Several models have been proposed over the years to facilitate understanding of starch structure. In this review, from the perspective of starch models, the intricate structure-property relationship is sorted into the correlation between different types of structural parameters and starch retrogradation performance. Amylopectin B chains with DP 24-36 and DP ≥36 exhibit a higher tendency to form ordered crystalline structures, which promotes starch retrogradation. The chains with DP 6-12 mainly inhibit starch retrogradation. Based on the building block backbone model, a longer inter-block chain length (IB-CL) enhances the realignment and reordering of starch. The mathematical parameterization model reveals a positive correlation between amylopectin medium chains, amylose short chains, and amylose long chains with starch retrogradation. The review is structured according to starch models; this contributes to a clear and comprehensive elucidation of the structure-property relationship, thereby providing valuable references for the selection and utilization of starch.


Assuntos
Amido , Amido/química , Amilopectina/química , Amilose/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
20.
Imeta ; 3(1): e162, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38868512

RESUMO

Regulation on denitrifying microbiomes is crucial for sustainable industrial biotechnology and ecological nitrogen cycling. The holistic genetic profiles of microbiomes can be provided by meta-omics. However, precise decryption and further applications of highly complex microbiomes and corresponding meta-omics data sets remain great challenges. Here, we combined optogenetics and geometric deep learning to form a discover-model-learn-advance (DMLA) cycle for denitrification microbiome encryption and regulation. Graph neural networks (GNNs) exhibited superior performance in integrating biological knowledge and identifying coexpression gene panels, which could be utilized to predict unknown phenotypes, elucidate molecular biology mechanisms, and advance biotechnologies. Through the DMLA cycle, we discovered the wavelength-divergent secretion system and nitrate-superoxide coregulation, realizing increasing extracellular protein production by 83.8% and facilitating nitrate removal with 99.9% enhancement. Our study showcased the potential of GNNs-empowered optogenetic approaches for regulating denitrification and accelerating the mechanistic discovery of microbiomes for in-depth research and versatile applications.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...