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Cell Oncol (Dordr) ; 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32207044


PURPOSE: The iron-chelating agent di-2-pyridylketone 4,4-dimethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (Dp44mT) has been found to inhibit cell growth and to induce apoptosis in several human cancers. However, its effects and mechanism of action in glioma are unknown. METHODS: Human glioma cell line LN229 and patient-derived glioma stem cells GSC-42 were applied for both in vitro and in vivo xenograft nude mouse experiments. The anti-tumor effects of Dp44mT were assessed using MTS, EdU, TUNEL, Western blotting, qRT-PCR, luciferase reporter, chromatin immunoprecipitation and immunohistochemical assays. RESULTS: We found that Dp44mT can upregulate the expression of the anti-oncogene N-myc downstream-regulated gene (NDRG)2 by directly binding to and activating the RAR-related orphan receptor (ROR)A. In addition, we found that NDRG2 overexpression suppressed inflammation via activation of interleukin (IL)-6/Janus kinase (JAK)2/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3 signaling. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that Dp44mT may serve as an effective drug for the treatment of glioma by targeting RORA and enhancing NDRG2-mediated IL-6/JAK2/STAT3 signaling.

EBioMedicine ; 52: 102651, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062354


BACKGROUND: Glioma has a poor prognosis, and is the most common primary and lethal primary malignant tumor in the central nervous system. Retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor A (RORA) is a member of the ROR subfamily of orphan receptors and plays an anti-tumor role in several cancers. METHODS: A cell viability assay, the Edu assay, neurosphere formation assay, and xenograft experiments were used to detect the proliferative abilities of glioma cell line, glioma stem cells (GSCs). Western blotting, ELISAs, and luciferase reporter assays were used to detect the presence of possible microRNAs. FINDINGS: Our study found for the first time that RORA was expressed at low levels in gliomas, and was associated with a good prognosis. RORA overexpression inhibited the proliferation and tumorigenesis of glioma cell lines and GSCs via inhibiting the TNF-α mediated NF-κB signaling pathway. In addition, microRNA-18a had a promoting effect on gliomas, and was the possible reason for low RORA expression in gliomas. INTERPRETATION: RORA may be a promising therapeutic target in the treatment of gliomas.

EBioMedicine ; 48: 36-48, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631037


BACKGROUND: Glioma is the most common primary malignant tumor in the central nervous system with frequent hypoxia and angiogenesis. Limb-Bud and Heart (LBH) is a highly conserved transcription cofactor that participates in embryonic development and tumorigenesis. METHODS: The conditioned media from LBH regulated human glioma cell lines and patient-derived glioma stem cells (GSCs) were used to treat the human brain microvessel endothelial cells (hBMECs). The function of LBH on angiogenesis were examined through methods of MTS assay, Edu assay, TUNEL assay, western blotting analysis, qPCR analysis, luciferase reporter assay and xenograft experiment. FINDINGS: Our study found for the first time that LBH was overexpressed in gliomas and was associated with a poor prognosis. LBH overexpression participated in the angiogenesis of gliomas via the vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA)-mediated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signalling pathway in human brain microvessel endothelial cells (hBMECs). Rapid proliferation of gliomas can lead to tissue hypoxia and hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) activation, while HIF-1 can directly transcriptionally regulate the expression of LBH and result in a self-reinforcing cycle. INTERPRETATION: LBH may be a possible treatment target to break the vicious cycle in glioma treatment.  :  .

Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(7): 1157-1169, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197461


Chordoma is difficult to eradicate due to high local recurrence rates. The immune microenvironment is closely associated with tumor prognosis; however, its role in skull base chordoma is unknown. The expression of Galectin-9 (Gal9) and tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) markers was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Kaplan-Meier and multivariate Cox analyses were used to assessing local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients. MiR-455-5p was identified as a regulator of Gal9 expression. Immunopositivity for Gal9 was associated with tumor invasion (p = 0.019), Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score (p = 0.017), and total TIL count (p < 0.001); downregulation of miR-455-5p was correlated with tumor invasion (p = 0.017) and poor prognosis; and the T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin-domain 3 (TIM3)+ TIL count was associated with chordoma invasion (p = 0.010) and KPS score (p = 0.037). Furthermore, multivariate analysis indicated that only TIM3+ TIL density was an independent prognostic factor for LRFS (p = 0.010) and OS (p = 0.016). These results can be used to predict clinical outcome and provide a basis for immune therapy in skull base chordoma patients.

Cordoma/patologia , Galectinas/genética , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Cordoma/genética , Cordoma/imunologia , Cordoma/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Galectinas/imunologia , Galectinas/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A/metabolismo , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/imunologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/imunologia , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem