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1.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645300

RESUMO

Muskmelon is an economically important crop in the world, especially in China, the largest producer of muskmelon with an annual output up to 12.7 million tonnes (Gómez-García et al. 2020). Since 2018, fruit rot was observed on muskmelon in Malianzhuang Base, the main muskmelon producing area in Shandong Province, whose disease incidence was about 25-30%. Water-soaked dark brown spots were initially appeared on the side of the fruit near the ground, then gradually expanded and covered with white mold with time. To isolate the pathogens, ten muskmelon fruits with typical symptoms were collected from different greenhouses in the base. Small tissues taken from the edge of the diseased and healthy tissues were immersed in 1% NaClO for 2 min, then soaked in 75% ethanol for 30 s, and rinsed 3 times with sterile distilled water (SDW). The sterilized tissues were naturally dried and placed on potato dextrose agar (PDA) amended with streptomycin sulfate (50 mg/L) for 7 days at 28℃. The emerging fungal mycelia were transferred to fresh PDA using the hyphal tip technology. Ten colonies were purified by single spore method and cultured on PDA for 7 days at 28℃ in the dark for morphological and molecular analyses. All colonies were flocculent with abundant white to light purple aerial hyphae, and the undersides of the colonies were observed to be from white to purple over time. Microconidia produced on PDA were hyaline, fusiform, ovoid, single cell without septum, and 4.5 to 12.7 × 2.0 to 3.6 µm in size (n=50). Macroconidia produced on carboxymethylcellulose agar (CMC) were slightly curved at both ends with three to five septa, and 17.6 to 35.7 × 2.8 to 4.0 µm in size (n=30). According to the morphological characteristics, these isolates were preliminarily identified as Fusarium sp. (Leslie and Summerell 2006). To further identify these isolates, genomic DNA of five isolates was extracted by CTAB method (Wu et al. 2001). The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of ribosomal DNA, translation elongation factor 1-α (TEF1) region, and the RNA polymerase II second largest subunit (RPB2) were amplified by PCR amplification with primers ITS1/ITS4, EF-1/EF-2, and RPB2-5F2/fRPB2-7cR, respectively (White et al. 1990; O'Donnell et al. 2008; Liu et al. 1999). Sequences of the five isolates were identical. The ITS, EF1-α, and RPB2 gene sequences of isolate NEAU-Mf-10-2 were submitted to NCBI GenBank with accession numbers of MZ950914, MZ960928, and MZ960929, respectively, having 100% similarity to those of Fusarium proliferatum (MK372368, MK952799 and MN245721). Phylogenetic trees were constructed based on the concatenated sequences of EF1-α and RPB2 genes using neighbour-joining and maximum-likelihood algorithms with MEGA 7.0. Two similar tree topologies both showed isolate NEAU-Mf-10-2 clustered with F. proliferatum NRRL 43665. Therefore, isolate NEAU-Mf-10-2 was identified as F. proliferatum based on morphological characteristics and phylogenetic analysis. To fulfill Koch's postulates, ten muskmelon fruits (var. Tianbao) were soaked in 2% NaClO for 2 min, and then washed three times with SDW. Muskmelon fruits were inoculated by injecting conidia suspension (200 µL, 1×106 spores/mL) with a sterile injector. Ten other surface sterilized muskmelon fruits inoculated with sterile water were used as control. The fruits were placed in a light incubator at 28℃ with 12h light cycles for 7 days. All inoculated fruits showed symptoms highly similar to those of infected muskmelon fruits observed in the field. No symptoms were observed on fruits used as control. The Fusarium isolates were successfully re-isolated from the symptomatic fruits, and identified based on above morphological and molecular biological methods. Previous studies have reported that F. proliferatum can infect Polygonatum cyrtonema, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Allium cepa, A. sativum, and so on. To our knowledge, this is the first report of F. proliferatum causing fruit rot on muskmelon in China, which will provide basic information for designing effective prevention and control strategies on this disease.

2.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645310

RESUMO

Leaf spot is a serious disease in the growth and development of muskmelon, which can affect its quality and yield. In recent years, Malianzhuang Muskmelon Base, the main muskmelon producing area in Shandong Province, China, has been seriously affected by leaf spot. Since 2018, symptomatic leaves were collected from eleven production areas of this base to determine the pathogens of muskmelon foliar diseases. 200 fungal strains were isolated and 10 genera and 17 species were identified based on morphological characteristics and multi-locus phylogenetic analysis (ITS, GADPH, RPB2, HIS3, EF-1α, and LSU). The most frequently isolated species from each sampling area was Alternaria tenuissima with 77 strains, followed by A. alternata. Pathogenicity experiments showed that A. alternata, A. tenuissima, Fusarium neocosmosporiellum (formerly Neocosmospora vasinfecta), F. acuminatum, Exserohilum rostratum, Bipolaris sorokiniana, and Stagonosporopsis cucurbitacearum (formerly Didymella bryoniae) could cause symptoms highly similar to those of infected leaves observed under natural conditions in the field. Therefore, these fungal isolates are considered to be the primary pathogens causing muskmelon leaf spot, and A. tenuissima and A. alternata were the most common and virulent pathogens in this study. In addition, this is the first study of F. neocosmosporiellum, F. acuminatum, E. rostratum, and B. sorokiniana as pathogens associated to muskmelon leaf spot in China as well as the world.

3.
Biomolecules ; 11(10)2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34680031

RESUMO

Evasion of immune surveillance is an accepted hallmark of tumor progression. The production of immune suppressive mediators by tumor cells is one of the major mechanisms of tumor immune escape. Galectin-1 (Gal-1), a pivotal immunosuppressive molecule, is expressed by many types of cancer. Tumor-secreted Gal-1 can bind to glycosylated receptors on immune cells and trigger the suppression of immune cell function in the tumor microenvironment, contributing to the immune evasion of tumors. The aim of this review is to summarize the current literature on the expression and function of Gal-1 in the human tumor microenvironment, as well as therapeutics targeting Gal-1.

4.
Risk Manag Healthc Policy ; 14: 3977-3986, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588829

RESUMO

Purpose: We aim to present unsupervised machine learning-based analysis of clinical features, bone mineral density (BMD) features, and medical care costs of Rotator cuff tears (RCT). Patients and Methods: Fifty-three patients with RCT were reviewed, the clinical features, BMD features, and medical care costs were collected and analyzed by descriptive statistics. Furtherly, unsupervised machine learning (UML) algorithm was used for dimensionality reduction and cluster analysis of the RCT data. Results: There were 26 males and 27 females. The patients were divided into four subgroups using the UML algorithm. There were significant differences among four subgroups regarding trauma exposure, full-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears, infraspinatus tendon tear, subscapularis tendon tear, BMD distribution, medial row anchors, lateral row anchors, total medical care costs, and consumables costs. We observed the highest frequency of trauma exposure, infraspinatus tendon tear, subscapularis tendon tear, osteoporosis, the highest number of medial row anchors, lateral row anchors, total medical care costs, and consumables costs in subgroup II. Conclusion: The unsupervised machine learning-based analysis of RCT can provide clinically meaningful classification, which shows good interpretability and contribute to a better understanding of RCT. The significance of the results is limited due to the small number of samples, a larger follow-up study is needed to confirm the encouraging results.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520338

RESUMO

A novel rhizobacterium, designated strain NEAU-GH312T, with antibacterial activity against Ralstonia solanacearum was isolated from rhizosphere soil of rice (Heilongjiang Province, PR China) and characterized with a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain NEAU-GH312T were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, motile with peritrichous flagella and rod-shaped. Colonies were light orange, convex and semi-translucent on Reasoner's 2A (R2A) agar after 2 days of incubation at 28 °C. Growth was observed on R2A agar at 10-40 °C, pH 4.0-8.0 and with 0-5 % (w/v) NaCl. The respiratory quinone was ubiquinone Q-8. The major cellular fatty acids of strain NEAU-GH312T were C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c, C16 : 0 and C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c. The main polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and diphosphatidylglycerol. Phylogenetic analyses confirmed the well-supported affiliation of strain NEAU-GH312T within the genus Massilia, close to the type strains of Massilia arvi THG-RS2OT (98.7 %), Massilia norwichensis NS9T (98.7 %) and Massilia kyonggiensis TSA1T (98.6 %). Strain NEAU-GH312T had a genome size of 6.68 Mb and an average DNA G+C content of 66.3 mol%. Based on the genotypic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data obtained in this study, strain NEAU-GH312T could be classified as representative of a novel species of the genus Massilia, for which the name Massilia rhizosphaerae sp. nov. is proposed, with strain NEAU-GH312T (=DSM 109722T=CCTCC AB 2019142T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Oryza , Ralstonia solanacearum , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oxalobacteraceae , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Microbiologia do Solo
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520340

RESUMO

The fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea is the causal agent of devastating gray mold diseases in many economically important fruits, vegetables, and flowers, leading to serious economic losses worldwide. In this study, a novel actinomycete NEAU-LD23T exhibiting antifungal activity against B. cinerea was isolated, and its taxonomic position was evaluated using a polyphasic approach. Based on the genotypic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data, it is concluded that the strain represents a novel species within the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces botrytidirepellens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NEAU-LD23T (=CCTCC AA 2019029T=DSM 109824T). In addition, strain NEAU-LD23T showed a strong antagonistic effect against B. cinerea (82.6±2.5%) and varying degrees of inhibition on nine other phytopathogenic fungi. Both cell-free filtrate and methanol extract of mycelia of strain NEAU-LD23T significantly inhibited mycelial growth of B. cinerea. To preliminarily explore the antifungal mechanisms, the genome of strain NEAU-LD23T was sequenced and analyzed. AntiSMASH analysis led to the identification of several gene clusters responsible for the biosynthesis of bioactive secondary metabolites with antifungal activity, including 9-methylstreptimidone, echosides, anisomycin, coelichelin and desferrioxamine B. Overall, this research provided us an excellent strain with considerable potential to use for biological control of tomato gray mold.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Streptomyces , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Botrytis , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomyces/genética
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559623

RESUMO

A Gram-positive, aerobic, heterotrophic, non-endospore-forming, rod-shaped and indole-acetic acid-producing strain, designated NEAU-184T, was isolated from marine sand collected in Sanya, PR China, and its taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence data indicated that strain NEAU-184T should be assigned to the genus Agromyces and formed a distinct branch with its closest neighbour, Agromyces iriomotensis NBRC 106452T (99.1 %). 2,4-Diaminobutyric acid, d-alanine, d-glutamic acid and glycine were detected in cell-wall hydrolysate and glucose, rhamnose and xylose were detected in whole-cell hydrolysate. The polar lipids were found to contain diphosphatidylglycerol, glycolipid, phosphatidylglycerol and two unidentified lipids. The major menaquinone was MK-12 and the minor menaquinones were MK-13 and MK-11. The predominant fatty acids were anteiso-C17 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. The DNA G+C content was 71.5 mol%. Furthermore, the strain could be clearly distinguished from its closely related type strains by the combination of DNA-DNA hybridization results and some phenotypic characteristics. Meanwhile, the strain has the ability to produce indole-acetic acid (0.334mg ml-1). Therefore, strain NEAU-184T represents a novel species of the genus Agromyces, for which the name Agromyces mariniharenae sp. nov. is proposed, with strain NEAU-184T (=CGMCC 4.7505T=JCM 32546T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Areia , Acetatos , Actinobacteria , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Indóis , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2
8.
Inorg Chem ; 60(18): 14457-14466, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499476

RESUMO

A fascinating class of nicotinic-acid-ornamented tetrameric rare-earth (RE)-substituted phospho(III)tungstates [NH2(CH3)2]10Na4H8[RE2(NA)(HNA)(H2O)6(W2O4)(ß-H2P2IIIW13O49)(α-HPIIIW9O33)]2·22 H2O [RE = Nd3+ (1-Nd), Tb3+ (2-Tb), Dy3+ (3-Dy), Ho3+ (4-Ho), HNA = nicotinic acid] were isolated through a one-step reaction method of Na2WO4·2H2O, H3PO3, HNA, NH2(CH3)2·HCl, and RE(NO3)·6H2O. Of meticulous concern is that HPO32- was used as a template to construct tetrameric RE-substituted phospho(III)tungstates including mixed heteropolyoxotungstate building blocks. Their hybrid polyoxoanions are composed of two symmetrical [RE2(NA)(HNA)(H2O)6(W2O4)(ß-H2P2IIIW13O49)(α-HPW9O33)]11- units linked by RE-O-W bonds. The symmetrical unit consists of one peculiar heterometal nicotinic-acid-ornamented [RE2(NA)(HNA)(W2O4)]9+ cluster connecting a pentavacant Dawson-like [ß-H2P2W13O49]12- and a trivacant Keggin [α-HPW9O33]8- subunits. Furthermore, dimethyldioctadecylammonium chloride (DMDODA·Cl) was used to combine with 1-Nd in the CHCl3-H2O system through electrostatic interactions, leading to the 1-Nd@DMDODA composite material. The honeycomb-patterned film of the 1-Nd @DMDODA composite material was successfully constructed by using the breath figure method on a glassy carbon electrode, which can offer abundant binding sites to Au nanoparticles (nano-Au). Ulteriorly, Au-functionalized 1-Nd@DMDODA-modified electrode was utilized as an electrochemical sensor to detect ochratoxin A, showing a good detection limit of 1.19 pM.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Metais Terras Raras/química , Nanopartículas/química , Niacina/química , Ocratoxinas/análise , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Eletrodos
9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(74): 9402-9405, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528954

RESUMO

A highly diastereoselective dearomative trifunctionalization of pyridinium salts with multifunctional o-hydroxyl aromatic azomethine ylides has been established, which not only provided a convenient and rapid method to assemble challenging and architecturally crowded chroman-pyrrolidine-hydrogenated pyridine fused pentacycles, but also represented a rare successful example of the higher-order multifunctionalization of pyridiniums.

10.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472972

RESUMO

Maize is a major economic crop worldwide. Maize can be infected by Alternaria species causing leaf blight that can result in significant economic losses. In this study, 168 Alternaria isolates recovered from symptomatic maize leaves were identified based on morphological characteristics, pathogenicity, and multi-locus sequence analyses of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), the internal transcribed spacer of ribosomal DNA (rDNA ITS), the RNA polymerase II second largest subunit (RPB2), and histone 3 (HIS3). Maize isolates grouped to four Alternaria species including Alternaria tenuissima, A. alternata, A. burnsii, and Alternaria sp. Notably, A. tenuissima (71.4%) was the most prevalent of the four isolated species, followed by A. alternata (21.5%), Alternaria sp. (4.1%), and A. burnsii (3.0%). Pathogenicity tests showed that all four Alternaria species could produce elliptic to nearly round, or strip lesions on leaves of maize, gray white to dry white in the lesions center and reddish brown in the edge. The average disease incidence (58.47%) and average disease index (63.55) of maize leaves inoculated with A. alternata were significantly higher than levels resulting from A. tenuissima (55.28% and 58.49), Alternaria sp. (55.34% and 58.75), and A. burnsii (56% and 55). Haplotype analyses indicated that there were 14 haplotypes of A. tenuissima and 5 haplotypes of A. alternata in Heilongjiang province and suggested the occurrence of a population expansion. Results of the study showed that Alternaria species associated with maize leaf blight in Heilongjiang province are more diverse than those have been previously reported. This is the first report globally of A. tenuissima, A. burnsii, and an unclassified Alternaria species as causal agents of leaf blight on maize.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499595

RESUMO

A novel cellulase-producing actinomycete, designated strain NEAU-H7T, was isolated from coconut palm rhizosphere soil collected from Wenchang City, Hainan Province, PR China. A polyphasic taxonomic study was carried out to establish the status of this strain. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain NEAU-H7T belonged to the genus Actinoplanes, with highest similarity to Actinoplanes hulinensis NEAU-M9T (99.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). The diagnostic sugars in cell hydrolysates were determined to be ribose, galactose and mannose. The major fatty acids (>10%) were C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9c and C18 : 0. The predominant menaquinones were identified as MK-9(H4) and MK-9(H6). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and two phosphatidylinositol mannosides. The amino acid of the cell-wall peptidoglycan was determined to be meso-diaminopimelic acid. The DNA G+C content was 71.2 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain NEAU-H7T formed a stable phyletic line with A. hulinensis NEAU-M9T. However, whole-genome phylogeny showed strain NEAU-H7T formed a stable phyletic line with A. hulinensis NEAU-M9T (99.2%), Actinoplanes campanulatus DSM 43148T (98.6%), Actinoplanes capillaceus DSM 44859T (98.3%) and Actinoplanes lobatus DSM 43150T (97.6%). The digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) results between them were 53.6 (50.9-56.2), 54.1 (51.3-56.9), 53.1 (50.3-55.9) and 52.9 % (50.1-55.6 %), and whole-genome average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between them were 93.7, 93.6, 93.5 and 93.5 %. The low dDDH and ANI values demonstrated that strain NEAU-H7T could be distinguished from its reference strains. Moreover, genomic analysis indicated that the strain NEAU-H7T had the potential to decompose cellulose and produce bioactive compounds. On the basis of morphological, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic characteristics, strain NEAU-H7T is proposed to represent a novel species of the genus Actinoplanes, with the name Actinoplanes flavus sp. nov. The type strain is NEAU-H7T (=CCTCC AA 2020034T=DSM 112042T).


Assuntos
Actinoplanes , Cocos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinoplanes/classificação , Actinoplanes/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Celulase , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9938037, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34307678

RESUMO

The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between postoperative bone marrow lesions (BMLs) and pain severity in patients undergoing open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO). We reviewed the patients undergoing OWHTO between April 2018 and April 2020. The demographic and clinical data of patients were collected. Clinically, VAS and Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) were used to assess pain level and functional outcomes of patients. The MRI Osteoarthritis Knee Score (MOAKS) was used to assess the total BMLs size in medial tibiofemoral (MTF), lateral tibiofemoral (LTF), and patellofemoral (PF) joints. 98 patients were enrolled in the study, including 57 male and 41 female patients. The VAS scores improved significantly from 6.1 ± 0.8 to 1.5 ± 0.9 (p < 0.001), and all subscales of KOOS improved significantly after surgery (p < 0.001). There were no significant differences between the pre- and postoperative total BML size of PF and LTF joints (p > 0.05). We observed significant improvements in the total BML size of MTF joint (p < 0.001). The VAS scores and KOOS pain scores improved better in patients without postoperative MTF joint BMLs (p < 0.001). Postoperative MTF joint BMLs were correlated with postoperative VAS (p < 0.001) and KOOS pain (p < 0.001). Our study demonstrates that MTF joint BMLs improved significantly after OWTHO. We confirmed that the presence of postoperative MTF joint BMLs are strongly associated with pain severity. The greater the improvement in postoperative MTF joint BMLs, the less pain. Our findings provide valuable understandings of OWHTO in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and potential future directions for KOA treatment approaches.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea/patologia , Osteotomia/efeitos adversos , Medição da Dor , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tíbia/cirurgia , Idoso , Medula Óssea/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Escala Visual Analógica
13.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 114(10): 1517-1527, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324105

RESUMO

A novel protease-producing actinobacterium, designated strain NEAU-A11T, was isolated from soil collected from Aohan banner, Chifeng, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, and characterised using a polyphasic approach. The hydrolytic enzymes, such as proteases, played critical roles in destruction of fungi by degrading the protein linkages to disrupt integrity in the cell wall. This suggested that the isolate could be a good biocontrol candidate against pathogens to control fungal diseases. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain NEAU-A11T was indicated to belong to the genus Actinoplanes and was most closely related to Actinoplanes rectilineatus JCM 3194 T (98.9%). Cell walls contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid and the whole-cell sugars were arabinose, xylose and glucose. The phospholipid profile contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and two phosphatidylinositol mannosides. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H4), MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8). The major fatty acids were C18:0, C16:0, C18:1 ω9c, C17:0 and C15:0. Genome sequencing revealed a genome size of 10,742,096 bp, a G + C content of 70.5% and 9,514 protein-coding genes (CDS), including 102 genes coding for protease. Moreover, Genome analysis showed that strain NEAU-A11T contained 255 glycoside hydrolases (GHs), 152 glycosyl transferases (GTs), 40 carbohydrate esterases (CEs), 26 polysaccharide lyases (PLs), and 12 auxiliary activities (AAs) genes. Genome mining analysis using antiSMASH 5.0 led to the identification of 20 putative gene clusters responsible for the production of diverse secondary metabolites. Phylogenetic analysis using the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strain formed a stable clade with A. rectilineatus JCM 3194 T in the genus Actinoplanes. Whole-genome phylogeny showed strain NEAU-A11T formed a stable phyletic line with Actinoplanes lutulentus DSM 45883 T (97.6%). However, whole-genome average nucleotide identity value between strain NEAU-A11T and its reference strains A. rectilineatus JCM 3194 T and A. lutulentus DSM 45883 T were found to be 81.1% and 81.6%, respectively. The levels of digital DNA-DNA hybridization between them were 24.6% (22.2-27.0%) and 24.8% (22.5-27.3%), respectively. The values were well below the criteria for species delineation of 70% for dDDH and 95-96% for ANI, suggesting that the isolate differed genetically from its closely related type strain. The content of G + C in genomic DNA was 70.5%, within the range of 67-76%. In addition, evidences from phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic studies indicated that strain NEAU-A11T represents a novel species of the genus Actinoplanes, for which the name Actinoplanes aureus sp. nov. is proposed, with NEAU-A11T (= CCTCC AA 2019063 T = JCM 33971 T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Actinoplanes , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinoplanes/classificação , Actinoplanes/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados
14.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 114(10): 1529-1540, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324104

RESUMO

A bacterial strain, Gram-stain negative, rod-shaped, aerobic and cellulose-degrading, designated NEAU-DD11T, was isolated from rhizosphere soil of rice collected from Northeast Agricultural University in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, North-east China. Base on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain NEAU-DD11T belongs to the genus Massilia and shared high sequence similarities with Massilia phosphatilytica 12-OD1T (98.46%) and Massilia putida 6NM-7 T (98.41%). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene and whole genome sequences indicated that strain NEAU-DD11T formed lineage related to M. phosphatilytica 12-OD1T and M. putida 6NM-7 T. The major fatty acids of the strain were C16:0, C17:0-cyclo and C16:1ω7c. The respiratory quinone was Q-8. The polar lipids profile of the strain showed the presence of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified polar lipid and an unidentified phospholipid. In addition, the digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain NEAU-DD11T and M. phosphatilytica 12-OD1T and M. putida 6NM-7 T were 45.4 and 35.6%, respectively, which are lower than the accepted threshold value of 70%. The DNA G + C content of strain NEAU-DD11T was 66.2%. The whole genome analysis showed the strain contained carbohydrate enzymes such as glycoside hydrolase and polysaccharide lyase, which enabled the strain to have the function of degrading cellulose. On the basis of the phenotypic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, we conclude that strain NEAU-DD11T represents a novel species of the genus Massilia, for which the name Massilia cellulosiltytica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NEAU-DD11T (= CCTCC AB 2019141 T = DSM 109721 T).


Assuntos
Oryza , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Celulose , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos , Humanos , Oxalobacteraceae , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rizosfera , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(30): 35997-36010, 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288662

RESUMO

Two types of organic-inorganic hybrid structure-related lanthanide (Ln)-included selenotungstates (Ln-SeTs) [H2N(CH3)2]11Na7[Ce4(H2PTCA)2(H2O)12(HICA)]2[SeW4O17]2[W2O5]4[SeW9O33]4·64H2O (1, H3PTCA = 1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid, H2ICA = itaconic acid) and [H2N(CH3)2]6Na4[Ln4SeW8(H2O)14(H2PTCA)2O28] [SeW9O33]2·31H2O [Ln = Pr3+ (2), Nd3+ (3)] were obtained by Ln nature control. The primary frameworks of 1-3 are composed of trivacant Keggin-type [B-α-SeW9O33]8- and [SeW4Om]n- [Ln = Ce3+ (1), m = 17, n = 6; Ln = Pr3+ (2), Nd3+ (3), m = 18, n = 8] fragments bridged by organic ligands and Ln clusters. Intriguingly, Ln nature results in the degradation of hexameric 1 to trimeric 2-3. Besides, 1@DMDSA and 3@DMDSA composites (DMDSA·Cl = dimethyl distearylammonium chloride) were prepared through the cation exchange method, which were then reorganized to form two-dimensional (2D) honeycomb thin films by the breath figure method. Using these honeycomb thin films as electrode materials, the aptasensors were further established by utilizing methylene blue as an indicator and cDNA and Au nanoparticles as signal amplifiers to enhance the response signal so as to realize the purpose of ochratoxin A (OTA) detection. This work provides a new platform for detecting OTA and explores the application potential of POM-based composites in biological and clinical analyses.

16.
Risk Manag Healthc Policy ; 14: 2657-2664, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34188576

RESUMO

Purpose: We aim to present an unsupervised machine learning application in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture and evaluate whether supervised machine learning-derived radiomics features enable prediction of ACL rupture accurately. Patients and Methods: Sixty-eight patients were reviewed. Their demographic features were recorded, radiomics features were extracted, and the input dataset was defined as a collection of demographic features and radiomics features. The input dataset was automatically classified by the unsupervised machine learning algorithm. Then, we used a supervised machine learning algorithm to construct a radiomics model. The t-test and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) method were used for feature selection, random forest and support vector machine (SVM) were used as machine learning classifiers. For each model, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were calculated to evaluate model performance. Results: In total, 5 demographic features were recorded and 106 radiomics features were extracted. By applying the unsupervised machine learning algorithm, patients were divided into 5 groups. Group 5 had the highest incidence of ACL rupture and left knee involvement. There were significant differences in left knee involvement among the groups. Forty-three radiomics features were extracted using t-test and 7 radiomics features were extracted using LASSO method. We found that the combination of LASSO selection method and random forest classifier has the highest sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and AUC. The 7 radiomics features extracted by LASSO method were potential predictors for ACL rupture. Conclusion: We validated the clinical application of unsupervised machine learning involving ACL rupture. Moreover, we found 7 radiomics features which were potential predictors for ACL rupture. The study indicated that radiomics could be a valuable method in the prediction of ACL rupture.

17.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34170758

RESUMO

Enterobacter asburiae is the causal agent of rice bacterial palea browning disease. Here, we report the complete genome of Enterobacter asburiae strain SD4L, which represents the first whole genome sequence of an isolate from rice seedlings in China. The assembled genome consisted of two contigs, with a circular chromosome of 4,574,166 bp, and a plasmid of 85,271 bp, respectively. This complete genome will provide a valuable resource for further studies on bacterial palea browning worldwide.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106822

RESUMO

A novel acidophilic actinobacterium, designated strain NEAU-YB345T, was isolated from a pumpkin root collected from Mudanjiang, Heilongjiang Province, northeast PR China. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity and chemotaxonomic and morphological properties, the isolate was assigned to the genus Streptacidiphilus, with the high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to Streptacidiphilus melanogenes JCM 16224T (99.2 %), Streptacidiphilus anmyonensis JCM 16223T (99.1 %) and Streptacidiphilus jiangxiensis JCM 12277T (98.7 %). Its cell wall contained ll-diaminopimelic acid as the major diamino acid. Rhamnose, ribose, glucose and galactose were the detected sugars from the whole-cell hydrolysates. The phospholipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and an unidentified phospholipid. The menaquinones were MK-9(H8) and MK-9(H6). Major fatty acids were C16 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. Phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene and whole-genome sequences placed the strain in distinct clades but within the genus Streptacidiphilus. The DNA G+C content was 71.2 mol%. Based on DNA-DNA relatedness and physiological and biochemical data, the isolate could be distinguished from its closest relatives. Therefore, strain NEAU-YB345T represents a novel species of the genus Streptacidiphilus, for which the name Streptacidiphilus fuscans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NEAU-YB345T (=CCTCC AA 2020030T=JCM 33976T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Cucurbita/microbiologia , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinobacteria/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Actinobacteria/ultraestrutura , Sequência de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Genoma Bacteriano , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Especificidade da Espécie
19.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 35(8): e23871, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To verify the differential expression of miR-30c and miR-142-3p between tuberculosis patients and healthy controls and to investigate the performance of microRNA (miRNA) and subsequently models for the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB). METHODS: We followed up 460 subjects suspected of TB, and finally enrolled 132 patients, including 60 TB patients, 24 non-TB disease controls (TB-DCs), and 48 healthy controls (HCs). The differential expression of miR-30c and miR-142-3p in serum samples of the TB patients, TB-DCs, and HCs were identified by reverse transcription-quantitative real-time PCR. Diagnostic models were developed by analyzing the characteristics of miRNA and electronic health records (EHRs). These models evaluated by the area under the curves (AUC) and calibration curves were presented as nomograms. RESULTS: There were differential expression of miR-30c and miR-142-3p between TB patients and HCs (p < 0.05). Individual miRNA has a limited diagnostic value for TB. However, diagnostic performance has been both significantly improved when we integrated miR-142-3p and ordinary EHRs to develop two models for the diagnosis of tuberculosis. The AUC of the model for distinguishing tuberculosis patients from healthy controls has increased from 0.75 (95% CI: 0.66-0.84) to 0.96 (95% CI: 0.92-0.99) and the model for distinguishing tuberculosis patients from non-TB disease controls has increased from 0.67 (95% CI: 0.55-0.79) to 0.94 (95% CI: 0.89-0.99). CONCLUSIONS: Integrating serum miR-142-3p and EHRs is a good strategy for improving TB diagnosis.

20.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 97: 107690, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940323

RESUMO

It has recently been shown that expression levels of tissue factor (TF) are high in the serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with asthma. However, whether TF impacts airway inflammation and remodelling in asthma remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of TF in asthma airway inflammation and remodelling using a house dust mite (HDM)-induced chronic asthma model and human bronchial epithelial (16HBE) cells. A chronic asthma model was constructed in BALB/c mice by the intranasal instillation of HDM. Mice were treated with short hairpin TF (shTF), and airway inflammation and remodelling features of asthma and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were assessed. 16HBE cells were induced by transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) and HDM in the presence or absence of shTF; then, EMT markers and invasion and migration ability were determined. TF expression increased in the lung tissue and 16HBE cells when exposed to HDM. TF downregulation in the lung significantly reduced airway hyperresponsiveness, eosinophil inflammation, the EMT process, and levels of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, IL-13, and TGF-ß1 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of asthmatic mice. Moreover, TF downregulation inhibited migration and incursion and decreased the expression levels of fibronectin 1 and TGF-ß1, but increased the expression of E-cadherin in HDM- and TGF-ß1-stimulated 16HBE cells. These results demonstrated that TF promoted airway pathological features by enhancing the EMT of bronchial epithelial cells both in vitro and in mice with house dust mite-induced asthma.

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