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1.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(1): 569-576, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989542

RESUMO

The net greenhouse gas emissions from upland soils, as indicated by global warming potential (GWP), mainly depend on the soil carbon sequestration and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. The annual changes in surface (0-20 cm) soil organic carbon (SOC) content from 2010 to 2017 and the N2O emissions from 2014 to 2017 were measured within a long-term fertilization experiment. The objective was to quantify the effect of stalk incorporation on the soil carbon sequestration, annual N2O emissions, and GWP of a winter wheat-summer maize field in the Guanzhong Plain. The field experiment included three treatments:conventional fertilization (CF), conventional fertilization plus maize stalks (CFS), and an unfertilized control (CK). The CF and CFS treatments received the same amount of urea per year, with nitrogen (N) input at 165 kg·hm-2 and 188 kg·hm-2 in the winter wheat season and summer maize season, respectively. The CF treatment retained the stubbles (about 10 cm above ground) when harvesting the winter wheat and summer maize crops. The CFS treatment retained the same wheat stubbles and all maize stalks (containing approximately 40 kg·hm-2 of N). The CK treatment was unfertilized throughout the year, with the stubble management the same as that in the CF treatment. The results showed that the CK treatment displayed few changes in SOC content and low N2O emissions, with GWP varying from 0.04 to 0.11 t·(hm2·a)-1. The SOC contents in the CF and CFS treatments increased linearly with the fertilization years (P<0.001), and their SOC sequestration rates were 0.69 t·(hm2·a)-1 and 0.97 t·(hm2·a)-1, respectively. The N2O emissions from the CF and CFS treatments varied from 1.65 to 5.36 kg·(hm2·a)-1 and from 3.08 to 7.73 kg·(hm2·a)-1, respectively. The annual N2O emissions from the CFS treatment were 43%-94% higher than those from the CF treatment, whereas the difference was only significant between 2015 and 2016 (P<0.05). The GWP of the CF and CFS treatments varied from -1.95 to -0.28 t·(hm2·a)-1 and from -2.59 to -0.35 t·(hm2·a)-1, respectively. The cumulative GWP of the CFS treatment was 42% lower than that of the CF treatment between 2014 and 2017. In summary, the studied winter wheat-summer maize field acted as a sink of greenhouse gases under the conventional fertilization regime. The stalk incorporation further favored greenhouse gas mitigation despite the trade-offs between SOC sequestration and N2O emissions.


Assuntos
Óxido Nitroso , Solo , Agricultura , Carbono , Sequestro de Carbono , China , Fertilizantes/análise , Aquecimento Global , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Estações do Ano , Triticum , Zea mays
2.
Curr Psychol ; : 1-17, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35002189

RESUMO

Utilizing a large-scale cross-sectional survey, the present study tested the advanced psychometric properties of Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) in specific populations (i.e., primary and middle schoolteachers, and their students). The present study also examined the association between perceived fear of COVID-19 and psychological distress among home-room teachers (i.e., teachers who teach all their students in one classroom all day) and their students. The results among participants (11,134 teachers and 4,335 students) indicated good internal reliability of FCV-19S and excellent factorial validity with a two-factor structure utilizing these specific populations. Furthermore, the multilevel analysis showed that home-room teachers' psychological distress, but not fear of COVID-19, was positively associated with their students. In sum, the FCV-19S is a useful tool to assess the fear of COVID-19 on potentially vulnerable populations (i.e., primary/middle schoolteachers and their students). Future studies are encouraged to use the present study's findings to investigate possible underlying mechanisms for developing effective coping strategies and interventions. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s12144-021-02471-3.

3.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 24, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35012496

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current research on perinatal depression rarely pays attention to the continuity and volatility of depression symptoms over time, which is very important for the early prediction and prognostic evaluation of perinatal depression. This study investigated the trajectories of perinatal depression symptoms and aimed to explore the factors related to these trajectories. METHODS: The study recruited 550 women during late pregnancy (32 ± 4 weeks of gestation) and followed them up 1 and 6 weeks postpartum. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Latent growth mixture modelling (LGMM) was used to identify trajectories of depressive symptoms during pregnancy. RESULTS: Two trajectories of perinatal depressive symptoms were identified: "decreasing" (n = 524, 95.3%) and "increasing" (n = 26, 4.7%). History of smoking, alcohol use and gestational hypertension increased the chance of belonging to the increasing trajectories, and a high level of social support was a protective factor for maintaining a decreasing trajectory. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified two trajectories of perinatal depression and the factors associated with each trajectory. Paying attention to these factors and providing necessary psychological support services during pregnancy would effectively reduce the incidence of perinatal depression and improve patient prognosis.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34994328

RESUMO

Background Increased CCKBR expression density or frequency has been reported in many neoplasms. Objective We aimed to investigate whether CCKBR drives the growth of gastric cancer (GC) and its potential as a therapeutic target of immunotoxins. Methods A lentiviral interference system was used to generate CCKBR-knockdown gastric cancer cells. Cell Counting Kit-8 and clonogenic assays were used to evaluate cell proliferation. Wound-healing and cell invasion assays were performed to evaluate cell mobility. Cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry. Tumor growth in vivo was investigated using a heterologous tumor transplantation model in nude mice. In addition, we generated the immunotoxin FQ17P and evaluated the combining capacity and tumor cytotoxicity of FQ17P in vitro. Results Stable downregulation of CCKBR expression resulted in reduced proliferation, migration and invasion of BGC-823 and SGC-7901 cells. The impact of CCKBR on gastric cancer cells was further verified through CCKBR overexpression studies. Downregulation of CCKBR expression also inhibited the growth of gastric tumors in vivo. Furthermore, FQ17P killed CCKBR-overexpressing GC cells by specifically binding to CCKBR on the tumor cell surface. Conclusion The CCKBR protein drives the growth, migration, and invasion of gastric cancer cells, and it might be a promising target for immunotoxin therapy based on its aberrant expression, functional binding interactions with gastrin, and subsequent internalization.

5.
Can J Microbiol ; 2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35030056

RESUMO

Silage fermentation, a sustainable way to use vegetable waste resources, is a complex process driven by a variety of microorganisms. We used lettuce waste as the main raw material for silage, analyzed changes in the physico-chemical characteristics and bacterial community composition of silage over a 60-day fermentation, identified differentially abundant taxa, predicted the functional profiles of bacterial communities, and determined the associated effects on the quality of silage. The biggest changes occurred in the early stage of silage fermentation. Changes in the physico-chemical characteristics included a decrease in pH and increases in ammonia nitrogen to total nitrogen ratio and lactic acid content. The numbers of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) increased and molds, yeasts and aerobic bacteria decreased. The bacterial communities and their predicted functions on day 0 were clearly different from those on day 7 to day 60. The relative abundances of phylum Firmicutes and genus Lactobacillus increased. Nitrite ammonification and nitrate ammonification were more prevalent after day 0. The differences in the predicted functions were associated with differences in pH and amino acid, protein, carbohydrate, NH3-N, ether extract and crude ash contents.

6.
Food Chem ; 374: 131743, 2022 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34915365

RESUMO

Pleioblastus amarus (P. amarus) shoots, belong to the grass family Gramineae, a traditional green vegetable in China, are rich in nutritional properties, and can provide various health benefits. This study isolated four compounds, namely (1-4), 3-O-coumaroylquinic acid (1), 3-O-feruloylquinic acid (2), 4-O-feruloylquinic acid (3), and 5-O-feruloylquinic acid (4) from Pleioblastus amarus shoots for the first time. The structures of the extracted compounds were determined using detailed spectroscopic (1D/2D NMR), high resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HR-ESI-MS), and infrared (IR) spectroscopy. The antioxidant capacity of 3-O-feruloylquinic acid (2) was stronger than that of the other compounds, while it also exhibited anti-inflammatory activity, significantly restricting the release of nitric oxide (NO) by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 cells, displaying an inhibitory rate of 60.92 percent at a concentration of 400 µg/mL. Furthermore, 3-O-feruloylquinic acid (2) inhibited interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) expression and may be useful for developing novel antioxidant and anti-inflammatory substances.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios , Antioxidantes , Animais , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Poaceae/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7
7.
Clin Chim Acta ; 525: 15-22, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34902344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lumbar intervertebral degenerative disc disease (IDD) is a multifaceted progressive condition that commonly occurs in conjunction with lumbar disc herniation (LDH). CXCL10 mRNA appears to be increased in both IDD and LHD. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to identify the relationship between serum CXCL10 levels and disease severity in patients with IDD. METHODS: 136 IDD patients with low back pain, 127 asymptomatic volunteers and 120 healthy controls were enrolled. Serum CXCL10 protein concentrations were detected using commercial human CXCL10 ELISA Kits. Serum CXCL10 mRNA were examined using qRT-PCR. Clinical severity was assessed using the visual analog scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) scores. Radiographic severity was defined using the MRI-based Pfirrmann classification of disc degeneration. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used in estimating the correlation between CXCL10 and Pfirrmann grade. The cross-sectional area (CSA) of the lumbar multifidus muscle (LMM) and psoas major (PM) were calculated, and fat infiltration was evaluated by Ropponen-Kjaer criteria. RESULTS: Serum CXCL10 concentrations were markedly raised in IDD patients with low back pain in contrast to asymptomatic individuals and healthy controls. Serum CXCL10 levels were positively associated with Pfirrmann grade. ROC curve analysis indicated that serum CXCL10 correlated well with Pfirrmann grade. In addition, serum CXCL10 concentrations were significantly higher in IDD patients with LMM and PM degeneration compared with IDD patients without degeneration. Increased CXCL10 levels positively correlated with VAS and ODI scores, as well as decreased CSA and fat filtration of the LMM and PM. CONCLUSION: Increased serum CXCL10 levels correspond to clinical severity and radiographic progression in IDD patients.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Quimiocina CXCL10 , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Músculos Paraespinais
8.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 65(1): 66-75, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34882629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A permanent stoma is an unintended consequence that cannot be avoided completely after intersphincteric resection for ultralow rectal cancer. Unfortunately, its incidence and risk factors have been poorly defined. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the cumulative incidence and risk factors of permanent stoma after intersphincteric resection for ultralow rectal cancer. DESIGN: This study was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. SETTINGS: This study was conducted at a colorectal surgery referral center. PATIENTS: A total of 185 consecutive patients who underwent intersphincteric resection with diverting ileostomy from 2011 to 2019 were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was the incidence of and risk factors for the permanent stoma. The secondary outcome included differences in stoma formation between patients with partial, subtotal, and total intersphincteric resection. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 40 months (range, 6-107 months), 26 of 185 patients eventually required a permanent stoma, accounting for a 5-year cumulative incidence of 17.4%. The causes of permanent stoma were anastomotic morbidity (46.2%, 12/26), local recurrence (19.2%, 5/26), distant metastasis (19.2%, 5/26), fecal incontinence (3.8%, 1/26), perioperative mortality (3.8%, 1/26), patients' refusal (3.8%, 1/26), and poor general condition (3.8%, 1/26). Although the incidence of permanent stoma was significantly different between the intersphincteric resection groups (partial vs subtotal vs total: 8.3% vs 20% vs 25.8%, p = 0.02), it was not an independent predictor of stoma formation. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that anastomotic leakage (OR = 5.29; p = 0.001) and anastomotic stricture (OR = 5.13; p = 0.002) were independently predictive of permanent stoma. LIMITATIONS: This study was limited by its retrospective nature and single-center data. CONCLUSIONS: The 5-year cumulative incidence of permanent stoma was 17.4%. Anastomotic complications were identified as risk factors. Patients should be informed of the risks and benefits when contemplating the ultimate sphincter-sparing surgery. It might be preferable to decrease the probability of permanent stoma by further minimizing anastomotic complications. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B704. INCIDENCIA ACUMULADA Y FACTORES DE RIESGO DE ESTOMA PERMANENTE DESPUS DE UNA RESECCIN INTERESFNTRICA EN CNCER RECTAL ULTRA BAJO: ANTECEDENTES:La necesidad de efectuar un estoma permanente es la consecuencia no intencional e inevitable por completo después de una resección interesfintérica en presencia de un cáncer rectal ultra bajo. Desafortunadamente, la incidencia y los factores de riesgo se han definido en una forma limitada.OBJETIVO:El objetivo fue determinar la incidencia acumulada y los factores de riesgo para la necesidad de efectuar un estoma permanente después de la resección intersfintérica de un cáncer rectal ultra bajo.DISEÑO:El presente estudio es un análisis retrospectivo de la información obtenida.ESCENARIO:Centro de referencia de cirugía colo-rectal.PACIENTES:Se incluyeron un total de 185 pacientes consecutivos que se sometieron a resección intersfintérica de un cáncer rectal ultra bajo con ileostomía de derivación de 2011 a 2019.MEDICION DE RESULTADOS:El resultado principal fue la identificación de la incidencia y los factores de riesgo para la presencia de un estoma permanente. En forma secundaria se describieron los resultados de las diferentes técnicas de la formación de un estoma entre los pacientes con resección interesfintérica parcial, subtotal o total.RESULTADOS:Posterior a una media de seguimiento de cuarenta meses (rango de 6 a 107), 26 de 185 pacientes requirieron en forma eventual un estoma permanente, lo que equivale a una incidencia acumulada a cinco años de 17.4 %. Las causas para dejar un estoma permanente fueron morbilidad de la anastomosis (46.2%, 12/26), recurrencia local (19.2%, 5/26), metástasis a distancia (19.2%, 5/26), incontinencia fecal (3.8%, 1/26), mortalidad perioperatoria (3.8%, 1/26), rechazo del paciente (3.8%, 1/26), y malas condiciones generales (3.8%, 1/26). Aunque la incidencia de un estoma permanente fue significativamente diferente entre los grupos de resección interesfintérica (parcial vs subtotal vs total: 8.3% vs 20% vs 25.8%, p = 0.02), no se consideró un factor predictor independiente para la formación de estoma. En el análisis multivariado se demostró que la fuga anatomótica (OR = 5.29; p = 0.001) y la estenosis anastomótica (OR = 5.13; p = 0.002) fueron factores independientes para predecir la necesidad de un estoma permanente.LIMITACIONES:La naturaleza retrospectiva del estudio y la información proveniente de un solo centro.CONCLUSIONES:La incidencia acumulada a cinco años de estoma permantente fue de 17.4%. Se consideran a las complicaciones anastomóticas como factores de riesgo. Los pacientes deberán ser informados de los riesgos y beneficios cuando se considere la posibilidad de efectuar una cirugía preservadora de esfínteres finalmente. Puede ser preferible disminuir la probabilidad de dejar un estoma permanente tratando de minimizar la posibilidad de complicaciones de la anastomosis. Consulte Video Resumen en http://links.lww.com/DCR/B704.


Assuntos
Canal Anal/cirurgia , Ileostomia/efeitos adversos , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Estomas Cirúrgicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Fístula Anastomótica/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Constrição Patológica/epidemiologia , Constrição Patológica/patologia , Incontinência Fecal/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Ileostomia/métodos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/estatística & dados numéricos , Período Perioperatório/mortalidade , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estomas Cirúrgicos/patologia
9.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 127: 104310, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762938

RESUMO

The myeloid differentiation factor 2 (MD-2)-related lipid recognition (ML) domain is present in MD-2, MD-1, GM2-activator protein (GM2A) and Niemann-Pick disease type C2 (NPC2). ML proteins function in antibacterial signal transduction and lipid metabolism in vertebrates, but the mechanism in invertebrates is unknown. In this study, we found that ML proteins were involved in bacterial resistance in Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis). One member, EsML3, a soluble, bacterial-induced pattern recognition protein was upregulated in hemocytes following bacterial challenge. Recombinant EsML3 bound to Gram-negative bacteria (Vibrio parahaemolyticus) and Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus) by interaction with peptidoglycan, lipopolysaccharide. EsML3 showed no direct bacteriostatic or bacteriocidal activity. Pre-incubating bacteria with rEsML3 significantly promoted in vivo bacterial clearance. EsML3 also promoted phagocytic activity and plays a role against bacterial infection. In summary, EsML3 mediates cellular immune responses by recognising invasive microorganisms, promoting bacterial clearance and phagocytosis against bacterial infection in crab.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 802: 149855, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455280

RESUMO

In order to realize the active and synchronous control of nitrogen (N) and organic matter (OM) release from sediments, this study compared the spatiotemporal changes in the physical, chemical, and biological indicators in the water system under different CaO2 dosing modes. Results from 90-day incubation experiment showed that CaO2 formed a dense barrier layer near its dosing position, improved the anoxic condition of water system, increased the physical adsorption of pollutants by sediments, and reduced the nutrients in overlying water, interstitial water, and sediments. Comprehensive comparison, the improvement effect of shallow injection group (I1) was the most obvious. Meanwhile, the activities of ammonia oxidizing bacteria and nitrite oxidizing bacteria near dosing position and those of denitrifiers and anammox bacteria adjacent to dosing site were significantly increased in all test groups (p < 0.01), thereby realizing the biological removal of N and OM in sediments. In addition, DO and ORP were steadily higher than 5 mg L-1 and 100 mV in I1, where the NH4+-N concentration in overlying water was stable below 1 mg L-1, and the easily released N content in the upper (0-3 cm) and middle (4-6 cm) sediments decreased by 41.64% and 43.56%, respectively. Compared with the large pollutant flux in control (14.31 TN mg m-2 d-1 and 194.05 mg TCOD m-2 d-1), I1 completely inhibited the pollutant release and reduced the original nutrients in overlying water. In general, CaO2 efficiently and synchronously controlled the endogenous release of N and OM under the combined actions of physical interception, physical adsorption, chemical oxidation, and biological transformation. Therefore, this study may provide valuable reference and guidance for the active and synchronous removal of N and OM in sediments and inhibition of endogenous pollutant release under anoxic condition.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Sedimentos Geológicos , Nitrogênio/análise , Peróxidos , Fósforo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
11.
iScience ; 24(12): 103468, 2021 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34888502

RESUMO

Context-specific activities of transcription regulators (TRs) in the nucleus modulate spatiotemporal gene expression precisely. Using the largest ChIP-seq data and chromatin loops in the human K562 cell line, we initially interrogated TR cooperation in 3D chromatin via a graphical model and revealed many known and novel TRs manipulating context-specific pathways. To explore TR cooperation across broad tissue/cell types, we systematically leveraged large-scale open chromatin profiles, computational footprinting, and high-resolution chromatin interactions to investigate tissue/cell type-specific TR cooperation. We first delineated a landscape of TR cooperation across 40 human tissue/cell types. Network modularity analyses uncovered the commonality and specificity of TR cooperation in different conditions. We also demonstrated that TR cooperation information can better interpret the disease-causal variants identified by genome-wide association studies and recapitulate cell states during neural development. Our study characterizes shared and unique patterns of TR cooperation associated with the cell type specificity of gene regulation in 3D chromatin.

12.
Dent Mater J ; 2021 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34866116

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of supporting dies with different mechanical properties on the fracture strengths and failure modes of monolithic zirconia crowns, and identify a suitable die material for testing high-strength ceramic restorations. Thirty six dies from teeth, porous titanium and composite-resin with 36 zirconia crowns were fabricated based on 3D model. Crowns were cemented, then underwent load-to-fracture testing. Fractographic analysis was performed with scanning electron microscopy, and finite element analysis was made. During loading, a high stress concentration zone formed near the loading point and on surface of die. Cracks generated on failure penetrated the crown and extended to die in 9 teeth group specimens, while composite-resin samples exhibited fracture of both crowns and dies. All dies remained intact in porous titanium group. Fracture mode was undistinguishable in all groups. It was concluded that porous titanium appears suitable as die material for dental restorations with high fracture strength.

14.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 128: 104326, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856310

RESUMO

In invertebrates, innate immune responses are the only defense against invading pathogens. The immune deficiency (IMD) signaling pathway protects invertebrates from bacterial infection by secreting antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). Fas-associated protein with death domain (FADD) activates AMPs and triggers apoptosis. However, FADD's function in crustaceans is unclear. Herein, the full-length FADD cDNA (EsFADD) was cloned from the Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis. Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection upregulated EsFADD expression markedly. Knockdown of EsFADD in hemocytes suppressed the cytoplasm-to-nucleus translocation of transcription factor Relish under V. parahaemolyticus stimulation, which in turn reduced the expression of several AMPs. In vivo, silencing of EsFADD rendered crabs susceptible to bacterial infection and impaired their bacterial clearance. The results suggest that EsFADD is indispensable in IMD signal transduction in E. sinensis. In contrast to Drosophila, EsFADD barely promoted apoptosis. Our findings revealed the evolutionary conservation of FADD in crustaceans and provided insights into IMD signaling in invertebrates.

15.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 735945, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858127

RESUMO

Introduction: Fatigue and cognitive dysfunction commonly co-occur in breast cancer patients and survivors. However, the underlying neural mechanism is not clear. We performed a systematic review of studies that used neuroimaging methods to investigate structural and functional changes in the brain associated with fatigue in breast cancer patients and survivors. Methods: We searched PubMed, Scopus, EmBase, and Cochrane CENTRAL from January 2009 to May 2021 for studies that reported brain neuroimaging findings in relationship to fatigue in breast cancer patients or survivors. Neuroimaging methods included magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), and electroencephalogram (EEG). We summarized structural and functional neuroimaging changes associated with fatigue. Results: Of the 176 articles retrieved, ten MRI studies reported neuroimaging findings in relationship to fatigue. Together these studies compared 385 breast cancer patients or survivors to 205 controls. Fatigue was associated with reduced white matter integrity and increased glutamate in the insula but changes in gray matter volume were not associated with fatigue score. Nine of the ten studies found significant associations between fatigue and functional changes in the frontoparietal cortex. In response to memory and planning tasks, fatigue was associated with increased activations in several regions of the frontoparietal cortex, however, overall performance on tasks was not reduced. Fatigue was also associated with extensive changes in the connectivity of brain networks that filter endogenous signals (salience network), internal attention (default mode network), and external attention (dorsal attention network). Subcortical regions associated with fatigue included insula (interoception), superior colliculus (sleep regulation), and thalamus (alertness). Functional brain changes before initiation of chemotherapy were a better predictor of post-treatment fatigue than chemotherapy itself. Conclusions: Fatigue in breast cancer is associated with widespread functional changes of brain regions and networks that affect executive function including memory, planning, internal and external attention. Observed changes likely represent a compensatory mechanism through which breast cancer patients and survivors try to maintain adequate executive function. Breast cancer patients scheduled to undergo chemotherapy are at high risk for developing fatigue even before the start of treatment.

16.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 769743, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858237

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the effect of childhood trauma, especially its specific dimensions, and clinical risk factors for suicidal ideation in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: A total of 83 inpatients with schizophrenia were enrolled and divided into two groups: with suicidal ideation (n = 33) and without suicidal ideation (n = 50). All participants were administered the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form, the Insomnia Severity Index, the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation, the Modified Overt Aggression Scales, the auditory hallucination rating scale, the Hamilton Rating Scale of Depression and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. Results: In our sample, 39.8% of the subjects had suicidal ideation, and 60.6% of them had suffered from childhood trauma. Patients with suicidal ideation had a higher Insomnia Severity Index score, Physical neglect score, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form total score (all P < 0.05) compared to those without. The logistic regression analysis revealed that physical neglect in Childhood Trauma Questionnaire was significantly associated with suicidal ideation (OR = 5.46, P < 0.05, 95% CI = 0.007-0.483). Further stepwise multiple linear regression identified that insomnia (ß = 0.272, P = 0.011) and physical neglect (ß = 0.257, P = 0.017) were strong risk factors for the severity of suicidal ideation in patients with schizophrenia. Mediation analysis showed that insomnia played a complete mediating role between physical neglect and suicidal ideation. Conclusion: Our results indicate that childhood maltreatment of physical neglect is a strong independent risk factor for suicidal ideation in schizophrenia. The risk is probably aggravated by the poor quality of sleep. Early screening and psychosocial treatment are recommended for psychotic individuals with a trauma history.

17.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(12)2021 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34947755

RESUMO

Oxidation reactions play a critical role in processes involving energy utilization, chemical conversion, and pollutant elimination. However, due to its spin-forbidden nature, the reaction of molecular dioxygen (O2) with a substrate is difficult under mild conditions. Herein, we describe a system that activates O2 via the direct modulation of its spin state by mechanical energy-induced triboelectric corona plasma, enabling the CO oxidation reaction under normal temperature and pressure. Under optimized reaction conditions, the activity was 7.2 µmol h-1, and the energy consumption per mole CO was 4.2 MJ. The results of kinetic isotope effect, colorimetry, and density functional theory calculation studies demonstrated that electrons generated in the triboelectric plasma were directly injected into the antibonding orbital of O2 to form highly reactive negative ions O2-, which effectively promoted the rate-limiting step of O2 dissociation. The barrier of the reaction of O2- ions and CO molecular was 3.4 eV lower than that of O2 and CO molecular. This work provides an effective strategy for using renewable and green mechanical energy to realize spin-forbidden reactions of small molecules.

18.
J Int Med Res ; 49(12): 3000605211063278, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34894829

RESUMO

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is a special cerebrovascular disease affecting young adult and middle-aged people. The clinical manifestations of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis are diverse and nonspecific; thus, imaging plays an important role in early diagnosis. Anticoagulation with heparin is the preferred treatment for cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. Endovascular treatment is also being increasingly used to achieve recanalization of the cerebral venous sinus. We herein describe a woman in her early 50s who was diagnosed with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis for which anticoagulation with heparin was ineffective. To improve her symptoms and prognosis, we selected balloon venoplasty to treat the right sigmoid sinus thrombosis. Her condition subsequently improved, and no recurrence was observed after several follow-ups.


Assuntos
Trombose dos Seios Intracranianos , Feminino , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trombose dos Seios Intracranianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose dos Seios Intracranianos/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
20.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2103838, 2021 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34923767

RESUMO

Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) possess the remarkable ability to regenerate the whole blood system in response to ablated stress demands. Delineating the mechanisms that maintain HSPCs during regenerative stresses is increasingly important. Here, it is shown that Hemgn is significantly induced by hematopoietic stresses including irradiation and bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Hemgn deficiency does not disturb steady-state hematopoiesis in young mice. Hemgn-/- HSPCs display defective engraftment activity during BMT with reduced homing and survival and increased apoptosis. Transcriptome profiling analysis reveals that upregulated genes in transplanted Hemgn-/- HSPCs are enriched for gene sets related to interferon gamma (IFN-γ) signaling. Hemgn-/- HSPCs show enhanced responses to IFN-γ treatment and increased aging over time. Blocking IFN-γ signaling in irradiated recipients either pharmacologically or genetically rescues Hemgn-/- HSPCs engraftment defect. Mechanistical studies reveal that Hemgn deficiency sustain nuclear Stat1 tyrosine phosphorylation via suppressing T-cell protein tyrosine phosphatase TC45 activity. Spermidine, a selective activator of TC45, rescues exacerbated phenotype of HSPCs in IFN-γ-treated Hemgn-/- mice. Collectively, these results identify that Hemgn is a critical regulator for successful engraftment and reconstitution of HSPCs in mice through negatively regulating IFN-γ signaling. Targeted Hemgn may be used to improve conditioning regimens and engraftment during HSPCs transplantation.

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