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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(5): 1040-1045, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36254990

RESUMO

Ischemic accumulation of succinate causes cerebral damage by excess production of reactive oxygen species. However, it is unknown whether ischemic accumulation of succinate affects neural stem cell proliferation. In this study, we established a rat model of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery. We found that succinate levels increased in serum and brain tissue (cortex and hippocampus) after ischemia/reperfusion injury. Oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation stimulated primary neural stem cells to produce abundant succinate. Succinate can be converted into diethyl succinate in cells. Exogenous diethyl succinate inhibited the proliferation of mouse-derived C17.2 neural stem cells and increased the infarct volume in the rat model of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Exogenous diethyl succinate also increased the succinylation of the Rho family GTPase Cdc42 but repressed Cdc42 GTPase activity in C17.2 cells. Increasing Cdc42 succinylation by knockdown of the desuccinylase Sirt5 also inhibited Cdc42 GTPase activity in C17.2 cells. Our findings suggest that ischemic accumulation of succinate decreases Cdc42 GTPase activity by induction of Cdc42 succinylation, which inhibits the proliferation of neural stem cells and aggravates cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury.

2.
J Exp Child Psychol ; 226: 105563, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308815

RESUMO

How to distribute resources in a fair way is a fundamental source of conflict in human societies. A central dilemma that people begin to grapple with during childhood is the extent to which individuals should be rewarded based on merit at the expense of equality. The current study examined children's reasoning about this dilemma by testing whether they are sensitive to information about the motives of highly productive people when determining whether they should receive extra compensation. Across two studies, children (6- to 11-year-olds, total N = 143) judged high performers to be less deserving of extra resources when they were motivated by profit rather than being intrinsically motivated, and this pattern was more pronounced among the older children. The findings demonstrate that, with age, children increasingly consider motives when deciding whether productivity should be rewarded and that the tendency of adults to view profit motives as problematic has origins during childhood.


Assuntos
Motivação , Recompensa , Criança , Humanos , Adolescente , Resolução de Problemas
3.
J Exp Child Psychol ; 226: 105566, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36240697

RESUMO

There has been extensive research on the causes of academic cheating, but little is known about its consequences. The current research sought to fill this gap in the literature by examining how cheating by middle school children (total N = 198) affects their learning outcomes. In a naturalistic paradigm, children scored a math test they had taken previously, which gave them an opportunity to cheat by falsely scoring incorrect answers to be correct. Results from this phase showed that 54 % of the children cheated on at least one question. One week later, the children took the same test again, but this time without being given an opportunity to cheat. Among children who cheated, items they had answered incorrectly on the first round showed significantly less improvement on the second round if they had dishonestly scored them as correct rather than honestly scoring them as incorrect. This finding provides the first experimental evidence that academic cheating can interfere with children's learning.


Assuntos
Decepção , Aprendizagem , Criança , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas
4.
Food Chem ; 403: 134392, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36358070

RESUMO

Royal jelly (RJ) is known for its unique flavor and nutritional value. However, the flavor changes of RJ during storage remain unclear. In this work, the flavor profiles of RJ during storage were evaluated by using headspace solid-phase micro-extraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC/MS) combined with both electronic nose and electronic tongue analyses. Results revealed that the moisture, water-soluble protein, and whiteness were changed significantly at 25 °C. The holistic variation of RJ flavor exhibited evident distinction based on principal component analysis with electronic nose and electronic tongue. Among the total of 37 volatile compounds identified in RJ, the octanoic acid showed the highest contents of 47.61 % at 25 °C in 21 d. Seven volatile compounds, i.e., 2(3H)-furanone,5-butyldihydro-, 2-heptanone, trans-ß-ocimene, 2-nonen-4-one, 2-nonanone, methyl benzoate, and 2-octenoic acid (E), contributed largely to the typical overall flavor of RJ. This work provides an improved understanding of the flavor change of RJ during storage.


Assuntos
Nariz Eletrônico , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Microextração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Odorantes/análise
5.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 285: 121882, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36179561

RESUMO

In this work, a novel isophorone-based fluorescent probe H-1 was designed and synthesized. The probe H-1 could achieve highly selective detection of Al3+ through forming a 1:1 complex, with a recognition mechanism based on intramolecular charge transfer (ICT). The detection limit of the probe H-1 for Al3+ is as low as 8.25 × 10-8 M which was determined by fluorescent titration. It is confirmed that H-1 could be used not only for fluorescence spectrometry to detect Al3+ ions in actual water samples, but also for biological imaging to detect Al3+ ions in cells and plants.


Assuntos
Alumínio , Corantes Fluorescentes , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Alumínio/análise , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Íons
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 1): 159434, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36244492

RESUMO

In recent years, there is growing evidence that long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is associated with depressive symptoms. However, little is known about the individual effects of PM2.5 components, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries. We investigated the association between long-term exposure to major components of PM2.5 and worsening depressive symptoms in Chinese adults based on a large, long-term, nationally representative, population-based prospective cohort. Our data were derived from China Family Panel Study (CFPS) wave 2012, 2016 and 2018 and a long-term (2010-2019) high-resolution PM2.5 components dataset covering the whole China. We assessed respondents' depressive symptoms using standardized scales and applied advanced Fixed-effect ordered logit model (FE-ologit) to capture the ordinal nature of respondents' depressive symptoms and control for individual-specific and time-invariant effects to investigate their associations with PM2.5 components. We included 9503 respondents and the FE-ologit model results indicated that the odds ratio of increase per standard unit was 1.118 (95 % CI: 1.020, 1.225) for black carbon, 1.134 (95 % CI: 1.028, 1.252) for organic matter, 1.127 for ammonium (95 % CI: 1.011, 1.255), 1.107 for nitrate (95 % CI: 0.981, 1.248), and 1.117 for sulfate (95 % CI: 1.020, 1.224). Our study suggests that long-term exposure to PM2.5 components is significantly associated with worsening of depressive symptoms, and that different components may have different toxicity. Reducing PM2.5 emissions, especially the major sources of organic matter and ammonium, may reduce the burden of depressive symptoms in Chinese adults.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Compostos de Amônio , Humanos , Adulto , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Estudos Prospectivos , Depressão/epidemiologia , Material Particulado/análise , China/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise
7.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt B): 134765, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36444096

RESUMO

Cashew nut is a popular food around the world. The high-resolution profiles and dynamics of metabolomes in cashew fruits are poorly understood till now. In this study, we analyzed the temporal metabolome of cashew nut via a non-targeted method based on UHPLC-Q-Exactive-MS, and analyzed that of cashew apple via a widely targeted method based on UHPLC-QTRAP-MS/MS (MRM). Furthermore, we performed integrative analyses of temporal metabolome and transcriptome data, characterized the accumulation of specific metabolites, and identified the transcriptional changes during cashew fruit development. Specifically, we found that phosphatidylinositol species were the predominant fractions in the unsaturated glycerophospholipids, and we identified a transcription factor that was the potential regulator of phosphatidylinositol biosynthesis. Analysis of cashew apple revealed metabolic genes and transcription factors involved in sugar biosynthesis. Taken together, our results provide insights into metabolic networks during cashew fruit development and generate a valuable resource for further cashew breeding studies.


Assuntos
Anacardium , Anacardium/genética , Transcriptoma , Frutas/genética , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Melhoramento Vegetal , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
8.
Protein Expr Purif ; 201: 106166, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36174814

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated a key enzyme encoded by the gene copper amine oxidase (MaCAO), which is involved in the biosynthetic pathway of 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ)1, an active ingredient in mulberry leaves. The 1680 bp long MaCAO was successfully cloned (GenBank accession no: MH205733). Subsequently, MaCAO was heterologously expressed using a recombinant plasmid, pET-22b (+)/MaCAO in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). A protein with a molecular mass of 62.9 kDa was obtained, whose function was validated through enzymatic reaction. Bioinformatics analysis identified that MaCAO contained the same conserved domain as that of copper amine oxidases ("NYDY"). Furthermore, the tertiary structure of the predicted protein using homology modeling revealed 46% similarity with that of copper amine oxidase (Protein Data Bank ID: 1W2Z). Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of the enzymatic reaction revealed that MaCAO could catalyze 1,5-pentanediamine to produce 5-aminopentanal. Additionally, levels of mulberry leaf DNJ content were significantly positively correlated with expression levels of MaCAO (P < 0.001). Our results conclude that MaCAO is the key enzyme involved in the biosynthetic pathway of DNJ. The function of MaCAO is validated, providing a foundation for the further analysis of biosynthetic pathways of DNJ in mulberry leaves using tools of synthetic biology.


Assuntos
Amina Oxidase (contendo Cobre) , Morus , 1-Desoxinojirimicina/metabolismo , Amina Oxidase (contendo Cobre)/genética , Cadaverina/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Cobre/metabolismo , Morus/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo
9.
J Immunol Res ; 2022: 4126273, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35345778

RESUMO

American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) is an herbal medicine with polysaccharides as its important active ingredient. The purpose of this research was to identify the effects of the polysaccharides of P. quinquefolius (WQP) on rats with antibiotic-associated diarrhoea (AAD) induced by lincomycin hydrochloride. WQP was primarily composed of galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose, and arabinose. The yield, total sugar content, uronic acid content, and protein content were 6.71%, 85.2%, 31.9%, and 2.1%, respectively. WQP reduced the infiltration of inflammatory cells into the ileum and colon, reduced the IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-17A, and TNF-α levels, increased the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 in colon tissues, improved the production of acetate and propionate, regulated the gut microbiota diversity and composition, improved the relative richness of Lactobacillus and Bacteroides, and reduced the relative richness of Blautia and Coprococcus. The results indicated that WQP can enhance the recovery of the intestinal structure in rats, reduce inflammatory cytokine levels, improve short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) levels, promote recovery of the gut microbiota and intestinal mucosal barrier, and alleviate antibiotic-related side effects such as diarrhoea and microbiota dysbiosis caused by lincomycin hydrochloride. We found that WQP can protect the intestinal barrier by increasing Occludin and Claudin-1 expression. In addition, WQP inhibited the MAPK inflammatory signaling pathway to improve the inflammatory status. This study provides a foundation for the treatment of natural polysaccharides to reduce antibiotic-related side effects.


Assuntos
Panax , Animais , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Diarreia/induzido quimicamente , Diarreia/tratamento farmacológico , Diarreia/metabolismo , Lincomicina/farmacologia , Lincomicina/uso terapêutico , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Panax/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Ratos
10.
BMC Plant Biol ; 22(1): 144, 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35337273

RESUMO

Sophora davidii is an important plant resource in the karst region of Southwest China, but S. davidii plant-height mutants are rarely reported. Therefore, we performed phenotypic, anatomic structural, transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses to study the mechanisms responsible for S. davidii plant-height mutants. Phenotypic and anatomical observations showed that compared to the wild type, the dwarf mutant displayed a significant decrease in plant height, while the tall mutant displayed a significant increase in plant height. The dwarf mutant cells were smaller and more densely arranged, while those of the wild type and the tall mutant were larger and loosely arranged. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that differentially expressed genes (DEGs) involved in cell wall biosynthesis, expansion, phytohormone biosynthesis, signal transduction pathways, flavonoid biosynthesis and phenylpropanoid biosynthesis were significantly enriched in the S. davidii plant-height mutants. Metabolomic analysis revealed 57 significantly differential metabolites screened from both the dwarf and tall mutants. A total of 8 significantly different flavonoid compounds were annotated to LIPID MAPS, and three metabolites (chlorogenic acid, kaempferol and scopoletin) were involved in phenylpropanoid biosynthesis and flavonoid biosynthesis. These results shed light on the molecular mechanisms of plant height in S. davidii mutants and provide insight for further molecular breeding programs.


Assuntos
Sophora , Transcriptoma , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Metabolômica , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/metabolismo , Sophora/genética , Sophora/metabolismo
11.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 6670, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36335102

RESUMO

The ability to couple with multiple G protein subtypes, such as Gs, Gi/o, or Gq/11, by a given G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) is critical for many physiological processes. Over the past few years, the cryo-EM structures for all 15 members of the medically important class B GPCRs, all in complex with Gs protein, have been determined. However, no structure of class B GPCRs with Gq/11 has been solved to date, limiting our understanding of the precise mechanisms of G protein coupling selectivity. Here we report the structures of corticotropin releasing factor receptor 2 (CRF2R) bound to Urocortin 1 (UCN1), coupled with different classes of heterotrimeric G proteins, G11 and Go. We compare these structures with the structure of CRF2R in complex with Gs to uncover the structural differences that determine the selective coupling of G protein subtypes by CRF2R. These results provide important insights into the structural basis for the ability of CRF2R to couple with multiple G protein subtypes.


Assuntos
Proteínas Heterotriméricas de Ligação ao GTP , Proteínas Heterotriméricas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Urocortinas/metabolismo
12.
J Diabetes Res ; 2022: 2980228, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36339086

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the characteristics and analyze the gut microbiota in female patients with diabetic microvascular complications (DMC). Methods: Thirty-seven female patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were included in the study. These patients were divided into DM group with microvascular complications (T2DM-MC, n = 17) and no microvascular complications group (T2DM-0, n = 20). Patients in the microvascular group presented with the involvement of at least one of the following: kidney, retinal, or peripheral nerves. Using real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction, fecal samples from the two groups were tested for Bacteroides, Prevotella, Bifidobacterium spp, Lactobacillus, Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, Enterococcus spp, Eubacterium rectale, Veillonellaceae, Clostridium leptum, and Roseburia inulinivorans. Levels of fasting and 2 h postprandial blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), lipids, and creatinine were determined to explore the correlation between gut microbiota and blood sugar. Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze the differences between the two groups. Spearman correlation analysis was used to determine the correlation between gut microbiota and blood glucose. Multifactor logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for DMC. Results: The HbA1c levels in the T2DM-MC group were higher than those in the T2DM-0 group. The abundances of Bacteroides and Enterococcus spp in the T2DM-MC group were higher than that in the T2DM-0 group. The abundances of Bacteroides and Enterococcus spp in the T2DM-MC group were lower than that in the T2DM-0 group. Spearman's correlation analysis showed that Bacteroides, Prevotella, Lactobacillus, C. leptum, and R. inulinivorans were related to the levels of HbA1c or blood glucose (p < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for confounding factors such as age, body mass index, family history, HbA1c, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and creatinine, Bacteroides remained an independent risk factor in female patients with DMC. Conclusion: Gut microbiota is related to blood glucose levels. Female patients with DMC experience gut microbiota disorders. The abundances of Bacteroidesare related to DMC, and the abundances of intestinal flora may affect the blood sugar levels of the body.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Angiopatias Diabéticas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Feminino , Glicemia , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Creatinina , Bacteroides , Prevotella
13.
Cancer ; 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36345617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is genetically heterogeneous in both pathogenesis and clinical symptoms. Most studies on tumor prognosis have not fully considered the role of tumor-infiltrating immune cells. This study focused on the role of tumor-infiltrating immune cells in the prognosis of DLBCL. METHODS: The GSE10846 data set from the National Center for Biotechnology Information's Gene Expression Omnibus was used as the training set, and the GSE53786 data set was used as the validation set. The proportion of immune cells in each sample was calculated with the CIBERSORT algorithm using R software. After 10 immune cells were screened out (activated memory CD4 positive T cells, follicular helper T cells, regulatory T cells, gamma-delta T cells, activated natural killer cells, M0 macrophages, M2 macrophages, resting dendritic cells, and eosinophils) by univariate Cox analysis, Lasso regression and random forest sampling analyses were performed, the intersecting immune cells were selected for multifactor Cox analysis, and a predictive model was constructed combined with clinical information. Predictive performance was assessed using survival analysis and time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. RESULTS: In total, 539 samples were included in this study, and samples with p < .05 were retained using CIBERSORT. Univariate Cox analysis yielded 10 cell types that were associated with overall survival. Two kinds of immune cells were obtained by Lasso regression combined with the random forest method and were used to construct a prognostic model combined with clinical information. The reliability of the model was validated in two data sets. CONCLUSIONS: The immune cell-based prediction model constructed by the authors can effectively predict the prognostic outcome of patients with DLBCL, whereas nomogram plots can help clinicians assess the probability of long-term survival.

14.
Food Sci Nutr ; 10(11): 3828-3841, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348804

RESUMO

Polysaccharide (PF40) has been recognized as a main bioactive substances in Pseudostellaria heterophylla (Miq.). The current study explored the potential protective effects of PF40 on immune system in mice with cyclophosphamide-induced immunosuppression. The mice were intragastric administered PF40 at the dosage of 100, 200 or 400 mg/kg once daily for 30 days, On the 24th and 25th day, the additional intraperitoneal injection of PF40 (50 mg/kg) were administered. The results showed that PF40 enhanced the cell-mediated immunity via improvements in macrophage phagocytosis, splenocyte proliferation, NK cell activity and delayed type hypersensitivity. Equally, it improves humoral immunity through promoting the formation of serum hemolysin. Moreover, PF40 maintain the immune balance of splenic lymphocytes and altered the intestinal physiological status in Cyp-induced mice. PF40 regulates the intestinal microbiota by restoring the relative abundance of Odoribacter and Mucispirillum and reducing the relative abundance of Sporosarcina, Yaniella, and Jeotgalicoccus in Cyp-intervened mice. The findings suggested that PF40 might be a promising natural functional foods for reducing chemotherapy-induced immunosuppression.

16.
Discov Oncol ; 13(1): 121, 2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36336731

RESUMO

Zinc protein KLF13 is a tumor-suppressive member of Kruppel-like factors family, and yet the effect of KLF13 on gastric cancer has not been reported. Here, we aimed to investigate the role of KLF13 in gastric cancer and explored underlying molecular mechanisms. Firstly, it was found that KLF13 expression was significantly decreased in gastric cancer tissues and cancer cells compared with adjacent normal tissues and normal gastric epithelial cells, respectively. KEGG_Pathway and GO_BP analyses suggested that KLF13 was associated with CELL_CYCLE and CELL_PROLIFERATION. Then, our results further demonstrated that KLF13 could obviously inhibit gastric cancer proliferation and induce cell arrest at G2/M phase. Mechanistically, KLF13 decreased expressions of ß-catenin and its target genes, CCND1 and MYC, via triggering autophagic degradation of ß-catenin. KLF13 up-regulation facilitated co-localization and binding of ß-catenin with autophagy protein p62, and exogenous overexpression of ß-catenin or blocking autophagy process appeared to reverse KLF13-induced inhibition of gastric cancer proliferation. Furthermore, KLF13 overexpression promoted the expression of ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2, Ubc13 which is responsible for catalyzing the synthesis of 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitin chains and increased the binding of ß-catenin with E3 ubiquitin ligase, TRAF6. In vivo, KLF13 overexpression also suppressed xenograft tumor growth of gastric cancer and down-regulated expressions of Ki67, ß-catenin, Cyclin D1, and c-Myc in tumor tissues. Collectively, these data firstly demonstrated the involvement of KLF13 in inhibiting cell proliferation of gastric cancer through promoting autophagy-dependent degradation of ß-catenin, which reinforced the evidence for suppressive roles of KLF13 in human tumors.

17.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 20217, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36418343

RESUMO

Pseudostellaria heterophylla, also called Tai-zi-shen (TZS) in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), is always used clinically to treat spleen deficiency symptoms. Polysaccharides in TZS have various pharmacological activities, including anti-diabetic, immune regulation, and myocardial protection. However, the relationship between the spleen-invigorating effects of TZS or its polysaccharides and intestinal flora are not clear. This study investigated the effects of TZS decoction (PHD) and polysaccharide (PHP) on immune function and intestinal flora in a rat model of spleen deficiency syndrome (SDS) induced by a decoction of raw rhubarb (RRD). PHD and PHP increased immune organ index, alleviated inflammatory cell filtration, and reduced the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in rats with spleen deficiency syndrome. In addition, the production of butyric acid was promoted in PHD and PHP groups. Moreover, 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that PHD and PHP reduced the relative abundance of Firmicutes while increasing the one of Bacteroidetes; significantly increased the abundance of Lactobacillus and decreased the abundance of Rombutsia; and PHP significantly increased the abundance of Alloprevotella. And there was a significant positive correlation between the alleviation of SDS and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs)-producing bacteria. These findings suggested PHD and PHP, especially PHP, has a potential to relieve spleen deficiency by reducing intestinal inflammation, modulating structure and composition of gut microbiota, and promoting the production of butyric acid.


Assuntos
Caryophyllaceae , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Esplenopatias , Ratos , Animais , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Síndrome , Bacteroidetes , Esplenopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Butírico
18.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2022 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36434787

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to discuss the mechanism of artesunate (ART) in improving cartilage damage in osteoarthritis (OA) by regulating the expression levels of MTA1, LXA4, and the downstream JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. METHODS: The OA model in vitro was constructed by stimulating chondrocytes for 24 h with 10 ng/mL IL-1ß, and cell proliferation and apoptosis, expression levels of Aggrecan, MTA1, LXA4, MMP3, MMP13, and Collagen II, and inflammatory cytokines in the culture supernatants were examined. Histopathological changes, inflammatory response, and chondrocyte apoptosis of the cartilage tissues of OA mice were performed. RESULTS: In vitro cell experiments, ART enhanced cell proliferation capacity, accompanied by decreased apoptosis rate, decreased expression of MMP-3 and MMP-13, elevated expression of Collagen II and Aggrecan, as well as reduced levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in the cell supernatant. ART also ameliorated IL-1ß-induced chondrocyte damage by upregulating MTA1. The LXA4 promoter region had two potential binding sites for MTA1. There was a positive correlation between MTA1 and LXA4. MTA1 enhanced the expression of LXA4 through transcription and blocked the activation of the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. In vivo animal model experiments further showed that ART treatment alleviated cartilage tissue damage in OA model mice by up-regulating MTA1. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that ART improves the cartilage damage of OA by up-regulating MTA1 expression and promoting the transcriptional activation of LXA4, and further blocking the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.

19.
J Thorac Dis ; 14(10): 4031-4043, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389300

RESUMO

Background: Thoracoscopic-assisted Nuss repair is a commonly used method for treating pectus excavatum, which has always been performed under tracheal intubation and general anesthesia. However, general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation can produce intubation and anesthetic drug related complications. In non-intubation anesthesia, laryngeal mask is used instead of tracheal intubation without muscle relaxants and small doses of sedative and analgesic drugs. Therefore, non-intubation anesthesia can reduce complications and speed up postoperative recovery. This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical impact of these two anesthesia methods on thoracoscopic-assisted Nuss repair for the treatment of pectus excavatum. Methods: A total of 115 pectus excavatum patients who underwent thoracoscopic-assisted Nuss procedure repair in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of Yunnan First People's Hospital from January 2017 to January 2022 were included. All subjects in this study underwent thoracoscopic assisted Nuss repair in the same thoracic surgical team. According to different anesthesia methods, they were divided into non-intubation anesthesia group (n=62) and intubation anesthesia group (n=53). The intubation time, intraoperative mean heart rate, postoperative complications, postoperative first oral food intake, water intake, ambulation, defecation time, postoperative blood drawing results, postoperative hospital stay and total hospitalization cost were compared between the two groups. Results: There were no significant differences in clinical characteristics and preoperative examination indexes between the two groups, which were comparable. Compared with the intubation anesthesia group, the non-intubation anesthesia group had less anesthesia intubation time, lower intraoperative mean heart rate, less postoperative complications, such as pneumothorax, pleural effusion, and lung infection. In the non-intubation anesthesia group, the first time to eat, drink, get out of bed, and defecate were all earlier. Routine blood results 24 h after surgery indicated that the non-intubation anesthesia group had lower white blood cell, neutrophil and lymphocyte, an earlier postoperative discharge time, and lower total hospitalization expenses. Conclusions: Non-intubation anesthesia in thoracoscopic-assisted Nuss procedure for the repair of pectus excavatum can make the postoperative recovery of patients faster and has better safety and efficacy.

20.
BMC Pulm Med ; 22(1): 431, 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411438

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A retrospective clinical study was conducted to compare the prognosis between the opioid analgesic (OA) treated and OA-untreated groups and to evaluate the effect of opioid analgesics on the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in the treatment of advanced lung cancer patients. In addition, a subgroup analysis of the clinical characteristics of the enrolled patients was performed to explore possible influencing factors. METHODS: This study reviewed the medical records of eligible patients who received ICIs at our institution. The clinicopathological features and clinical outcomes were compared. Also, the use of OA was collected. Patient survival, the incidence of immune-related adverse events (irAEs), and other baseline variables were examined in both cohorts according to whether OA was used. RESULTS: A total of 132 patients were included in the study. Of them, 39 (29.5%) were in the OA-treated group. No significant differences in baseline characteristics were observed between the OA-treated and untreated groups. The combined application of OA treatment significantly shortened progression-free survival (PFS) (P < 0.001) and overall survival (OS) (P = 0.002). However, both groups experienced similar incidences and gradations of irAEs. According to multivariate analysis, OA treatment resulted in significantly worse PFS (HR = 4.994, 95% CI 3.217-7.753, P < 0.001) and OS (HR = 3.618, 95% CI 2.030-6.240, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Clinical outcomes of ICIs were significantly diminished in a cohort of Chinese patients with advanced lung cancer receiving OA therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia
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