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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003634

RESUMO

Healthcare workers (HCWs) worldwide are putting themselves at high risks of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by treating a large number of patients while lacking protective equipment. We aim to provide a scientific basis for preventing and controlling the COVID-19 infection among HCWs. We used data on COVID-19 cases in the city of Wuhan to compare epidemiological characteristics between HCWs and non-HCWs and explored the risk factors for infection and deterioration among HCWs based on hospital settings. The attack rate (AR) of HCWs in the hospital can reach up to 11.9% in Wuhan. The time interval from symptom onset to diagnosis in HCWs and non-HCWs dropped rapidly over time. From mid-January, the median time interval of HCW cases was significantly shorter than in non-HCW cases. Cases of HCWs and non-HCWs both clustered in northwestern urban districts rather than in rural districts. HCWs working in county-level hospitals in high-risk areas were more vulnerable to COVID-19. HCW cases working in general, ophthalmology, and respiratory departments were prone to deteriorate compared with cases working in the infection department. The AR of COVID-19 in HCWs are higher than in non-HCWs. Multiple factors in hospital settings may play important roles in the transmission of COVID-19. Effective measures should be enhanced to prevent HCWs from COVID-19 infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Exposição Ocupacional , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias , Fatores de Risco
2.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035394

RESUMO

Tilapias are one of the most farmed fishes that are coined as 'aquatic chicken' by the food industry. Nile tilapia and blue tilapia exhibit very recent transition of sex chromosome systems since their divergence approximately 5 million years ago, making them a great model for elucidating the molecular and evolutionary mechanisms of sex chromosome turnovers. Studies of their sex-determining pathways are also critical for developing genetic sex control in aquaculture. We report here the newly produced genomes of Nile tilapia and blue tilapia that integrate long-read sequencing and chromatin conformation data. The two nearly complete genomes have anchored over 97% of the sequences into linkage groups (LGs), and assembled majorities of complex repetitive regions including telomeres, centromeres and rDNA clusters. In particular, we inferred two episodes of repeat expansion at LG3 respectively in the ancestor of cichlids and that of tilapias. The consequential large heterochromatic region concentrated at one end of LG3 comprises tandem arrays of mRNA and small RNA genes, among which we have identified a candidate female determining gene Paics in blue tilapia. Paics shows female-specific patterns of single-nucleotide variants, copy numbers and expression patterns in gonads during early gonadogenesis. Our work provides a very important genomic resource for functional studies of cichlids, and suggested that unequal distribution of repeat content that impacts the local recombination rate might make some chromosomes more likely to become sex chromosomes.

4.
Acta Biomater ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010514

RESUMO

Development of antitumor agents with high efficiency and low toxicity is one of the most important goals for biomedical research. However, most traditional therapeutic strategies were limited due to their non-specificity and abnormal tumor microenvironments, causing a poor therapeutic efficiency and severe side effects. In this paper, a tumor targeted self-synergistic nanoplatform (designated as PAO@PCN@HA) was developed for chemotherapy sensitized photodynamic therapy (PDT) against hypoxic tumors. The efficient drug loading of phenylarsine oxide (PAO) in porphyrinic metal organic framework of PCN-224 as well as the surface modification of hyaluronic acid (HA) improved the targeted drug delivery and reduced the side effects of PAO at the therapeutic dose. Particularly, PAO as an arsenical-based chemotherapeutic agent could not only induce cell apoptosis by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS), but also regulate tumor microenvironments to improve the PDT effect of PCN-224 by mitigating hypoxia and consuming cellular GSH. Both in vitro and in vivo investigations confirmed an effective self-synergy of PAO@PCN@HA in hypoxic tumor therapy with a low systemic toxicity. This integration of microenvironment adjustment with tumor targeted self-synergistic mechanism might provide a new insight for the development of arsenic-based antitumor strategy for clinical applications.

5.
Bioresour Technol ; 319: 124067, 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035865

RESUMO

The individual and combined effects of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and oxytetracycline (OTC) on an enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) system was investigated. OTC at 5 mg/L resulted in filamentous bulking with a collapse of EBPR system. P removal decreased to 44.8% and COD was mostly removed during the aerobic phase. SMX and OTC had antagonistic effects in EBPR system. The inhibitory effect of SMX and SMX + OTC on P removal, COD removal, glycogen transformation and extracellular polymeric substances content was reversible with prolonged operation, accompanied with increase of polyphosphate accumulating organisms. The presence of nitrification inhibitor allylthiourea, high pH and low tetX abundance limited the removal of SMX and OTC. The bacterial community structure, antibiotic resistance genes abundances and genes functions were also investigated by metagenomic analysis. The results of this study offer insights into the individual and combined environmental risks of SMX and OTC, and their impact on EBPR.

6.
Zootaxa ; 4816(1): zootaxa.4816.1.9, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055719

RESUMO

In the recently re-instated genus Mesandrothrips Priesner, four species are recognized from China, and an illustrated key is provided here. This includes one new species, M. acutisetis sp.n., together with the first record of M. subterraneus from China.

7.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e043411, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060093

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the epidemiological characteristics and transmission dynamics in relation to interventions against the COVID-19 and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in mainland China. DESIGN: Comparative study based on a unique data set of COVID-19 and SARS. SETTING: Outbreak in mainland China. PARTICIPANTS: The final database included 82 858 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 5327 cases of SARS. METHODS: We brought together all existing data sources and integrated them into a comprehensive data set. Individual information on age, sex, occupation, residence location, date of illness onset, date of diagnosis and clinical outcome was extracted. Control measures deployed in mainland China were collected. We compared the epidemiological and spatial characteristics of COVID-19 and SARS. We estimated the effective reproduction number to explore differences in transmission dynamics and intervention effects. RESULTS: Compared with SARS, COVID-19 affected more extensive areas (1668 vs 230 counties) within a shorter time (101 vs 193 days) and had higher attack rate (61.8 vs 4.0 per million persons). The COVID-19 outbreak had only one epidemic peak and one epicentre (Hubei Province), while the SARS outbreak resulted in two peaks and two epicentres (Guangdong Province and Beijing). SARS-CoV-2 was more likely to infect older people (median age of 52 years), while SARS-CoV tended to infect young adults (median age of 34 years). The case fatality rate (CFR) of either disease increased with age, but the CFR of COVID-19 was significantly lower than that of SARS (5.6% vs 6.4%). The trajectory of effective reproduction number dynamically changed in relation to interventions, which fell below 1 within 2 months for COVID-19 and within 5.5 months for SARS. CONCLUSIONS: China has taken more prompt and effective responses to combat COVID-19 by learning lessons from SARS, providing us with some epidemiological clues to control the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic worldwide.

8.
Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 50(5): 638-644, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067209

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Tspan8 (tetraspanin 8) plays critical roles in cell adhesion and motility. Recently, Tspan8 overexpression has been found in various tumors. However, its expression status and prognostic significance in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) remains unknown. The objective of the present study was to assess the expression of Tspan8 and its correlation with clinicopathological features in ccRCC. METHODS: Tspan8 expression was detected in 150 cases of ccRCC and matched paracancerous tissues by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and its relevance with prognosis was analyzed. RESULTS: Our data showed that the high-expression rate of Tspan8 in ccRCC tissues was 74.0%, which was significantly higher than those in paracancerous kidney tissues (43.3%, P=0.001). Meanwhile, Tspan8 expression was positively correlated with tumor size and WHO/ISUP grade in ccRCC. Significantly, Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank test revealed that Tspan8 higher expression was associated with poorer overall survival (OS) in ccRCC patients (P<0.05). Cox regression analysis further showed that Tspan8 was a significant independent negative prognostic factor for these patients. CONCLUSION: Tspan8 is overexpressed in ccRCC and indicates poor prognosis, suggesting potential roles of Tspan8 in prognostication and targeted therapy.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; : 142740, 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33071125

RESUMO

Mechanisms for hematotoxicity and health effects from exposure to low doses of benzene (BZ) remain to be identified. To address the information gap, our investigation was focused onto using appropriate populations and cell cultures to investigate novel BZ-induced effects such as disruption of DNA repair capacity (DRC). From our study, abnormal miRNAs were identified and validated using lymphocytes from 56 BZ-poisoned workers and 53 controls. In addition, 173 current BZ-exposed workers and 58 controls were investigated for key miRNA expression using RT-PCR and for cellular DRC using a challenge assay. Subsequently, the observed activities in lymphocytes were verified using human HL-60 (p53 null) and TK6 (p53 wild-type) cells via 1,4-benzoquinone (1,4-BQ) treatment and miR-222 interferences. The targeting of MDM2 by miR-222 was validated using a luciferase reporter. Our results indicate induction of genotoxicity in lymphocytes from workers with low exposure doses to BZ. In addition, miR-222 expression was up-regulated among both BZ-poisoned and BZ-exposed workers together with inverse association with DRC. Our in vitro validation studies using both cell lines indicate that 1,4-BQ exposure increased expression of miR-222 and Comet tail length but decreased DRC. Loss of miR-222 reduced DNA damage, but induced S-phase arrest and apoptosis. However, silencing of MDM2 failed to activate p53 in TK6 cells. In conclusion, our in vivo observations were confirmed by in vitro studies showing that BZ/1,4-BQ exposures caused genotoxicity and high expression of miR-222 which obstructed expression of the MDM2-p53 axis that led to failed activation of p53, abnormal DRC and serious biological consequences.

10.
J Mater Chem B ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33074273

RESUMO

Operation therapy is a common treatment for many cancers, but malignant tumors likely recur and metastasize after surgery, resulting in treatment failure. In this study, we aimed at synthesizing a multifunctional hydrogel patch that features multifunctions for synergistic surgery-photothermal therapy. Our polydopamine nanoparticle (PDA NP)-crosslinked poly(acrylamide-co-N-(3-aminopropyl)methacrylamide) hydrogels undergo several dynamic interactions (e.g., hydrogen bonds, π-π interactions, and imine bonds), which confer high stretchability (∼3430%) and adhesive strength to porcine skin (∼75 kPa) that mimics soft wound tissues. Furthermore, PDA NP incorporation into the hydrogel matrix endows it with photothermal responsivity under 808 nm irradiation. As a proof of concept, our hydrogel system was used to ablate residual tumors in 4T1 tumor-bearing mice models after surgery via photothermal therapy. We find that synergistic operation-photothermal therapy effectively eradicates solid tumors and prevents cancer recurrence in mice. We envision that our work provides an effective synergistic strategy for cancer treatment and offers great potential for clinical applications.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924251

RESUMO

The latent HIV-1 reservoir is a major barrier to viral eradication. However, our understanding of how HIV-1 establishes latency is incomplete. Here, by performing a genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 knockout library screen, we identify phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein 1 (PEBP1), also known as Raf kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP), as a novel gene inducing HIV latency. Depletion of PEBP1 leads to the reactivation of HIV-1 in multiple models of latency. Mechanistically, PEBP1 de-phosphorylates Raf1/ERK/IκB and IKK/IκB signaling pathways to sequestrate NF-κB in the cytoplasm, which transcriptionally inactivates HIV-1 to induce latency. Importantly, the induction of PEBP1 expression by the green tea compound epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) prevents latency reversal by inhibiting nuclear translocation of NF-κB, thereby suppressing HIV-1 transcription in primary CD4+ T cells isolated from patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). These results suggest a critical role for PEBP1 in the regulation of upstream NF-κB signaling pathways governing HIV transcription. Targeting of this pathway could be an option to control HIV reservoirs in patients in the future.

12.
In Vivo ; 34(5): 2407-2417, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871766

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Quetiapine, an atypical antipsychotic, has been encountered as a potential protective agent to suppress various types of tumor growth. However, the inhibitory mechanism of quetiapine in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) still remains unclear. The purpose of present study was to investigate the inhibitory mechanism of quetiapine on cell survival and invasion in HCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Changes of apoptotic signaling, migration/invasion ability, and signaling transduction involved in cell survival and invasion were evaluated with flow cytometry, migration/invasion, and western blot assays. RESULTS: Quetiapine inhibited cell proliferation and migration/invasion in SK-Hep1 and Hep3B cells. Quetiapine induced extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways. Activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), protein kinase B (AKT), nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-ĸB), expression of anti-apoptotic, and metastasis-associated proteins were decreased by quetiapine. CONCLUSION: The apoptosis induction, the decreased expression of ERK/AKT-mediated anti-apoptotic and the metastasis-associated proteins were associated with quetiapine-inhibited cell survival and invasion in HCC in vitro.

13.
Curr Top Med Chem ; 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901585

RESUMO

Berberine as a representative of isoquinoline alkaloid, exhibits significant hypolipidemic activity both in animal model and clinic trials. Recently, a large number of studies on the lipid-lowering mechanism of berberine, and researches for improving its hypolipidemic activity are reported, but they seem to be scattered mostly, or not comprehensive. In addition, there are few specific reviews on the discussion of the lipid-reducing effect of berberine. In this paper, the physicochemical property, the lipid-lowering mechanism, and the modification study of berberine, all are discussed in succession to promote the depth development of berberine as a lipid-lowering agent. Subsequently, this paper would provide some insights into the deficiencies of berberine in the study of lipid-lowering drug, and based on the situation, some proposals are put forward.

14.
Cancer Med ; 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32902917

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a critical role in tumorigenesis, development, and therapeutic efficacy. Major advances have been achieved in the treatment of various cancers through immunotherapy. Nevertheless, only a minority of patients have positive responses to immunotherapy, which is partly due to conditions of the immunosuppressive microenvironment. Therefore, it is essential to identify prognostic biomarkers that reflect heterogeneous landscapes of the TME. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Based upon the ESTIMATE algorithm, we evaluated the infiltrating levels of immune and stromal components derived from patients afflicted by various types of cancer from The Cancer Genome Atlas database (TCGA). According to respective patient immune and stromal scores, we categorized cases into high- and low-scoring subgroups for each cancer type to explore associations between TME and patient prognosis. Gene Set Enrichment Analyses (GSEA) were conducted and genes enriched in IFNγ response signaling pathway were selected to facilitate establishment of a risk model for predicting overall survival (OS). Furthermore, we investigated the associations between the prognostic signature and tumor immune infiltration landscape by using CIBERSORT algorithm and TIMER database. RESULTS: Among the cancers assessed, the immune scores for skin cutaneous melanoma (SKCM) were the most significantly correlated with patients' survival time (P < .0001). We identified and validated a five-IFNγ response-related gene signature (UBE2L6, PARP14, IFIH1, IRF2, and GBP4), which was closely correlated with the prognosis for SKCM afflicted patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that this risk model was an independent prognostic factor for SKCM. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and specific immune checkpoint molecules had notably differential levels of expression in high- compared to low-risk samples. CONCLUSION: In this study, we established a novel five-IFNγ response-related gene signature that provided a better and increasingly comprehensive understanding of tumor immune landscape, and which demonstrated good performance in predicting outcomes for patients afflicted by SKCM.

15.
Food Microbiol ; 92: 103558, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950152

RESUMO

Brown rot caused by Monilinia fructicola has led to considerable preharvest and postharvest losses in all major nectarine fruit-growing areas. In our previous study, we successfully identified a biocontrol strain of bacteria, Bacillus licheniformis W10, that can be used to control brown rot. However, the possible mechanism of the control of brown rot by B. licheniformis W10 is still unclear. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine whether B. licheniformis W10 induces resistance by activating defense-related enzymes including antioxidant enzymes in nectarine. Treatment of nectarine fruit with B. licheniformis W10 reduced both M. fructicola-induced oxidative damage and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Furthermore, application of B. licheniformis to nectarine fruit resulted in a significant increase in the activity of antioxidant and defense-related enzymes and increase in the expression of the corresponding genes. Overall, our results verified the proposed mechanism of B. licheniformis W10 in controlling M. fructicola via regulation of ROS levels and activation of antioxidant and defense-related enzymes.

16.
Nanoscale ; 12(37): 19429-19437, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959864

RESUMO

Thiol compounds exist widely on the Earth and have certain significance in the fields of the circulation of the sulfur element and industrial production. However, the odor and biological toxicity of thiol compounds make them pollutants that seriously threaten the environmental safety and the living quality of human. In this study, a novel triplet induced fluorescence "turn-off" strategy was designed for the detection of thiol pollutants via a glutathione-stabilized copper nanocluster (GSH-Cu NC) probe. The as-prepared GSH-Cu NCs not only have small size and good water-solubility, but also exhibit strong red-emitting fluorescence at 630 nm, which could be quenched quantitatively with the increase of the concentration of thiol pollutants. So they were employed to detect thioglycolic acid (TGA), 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA), 2-mercaptoethanol (ME) and 2-(diethylamino)ethanethiol (2-AT) in a wide linear range of 1-100 µM with detection limits of 0.73 µM, 0.43 µM, 0.37 µM, and 0.69 µM, respectively. This method was successfully applied to detect the above thiol pollutants in lake water with good recoveries. Moreover, their further application was also expanded as luminous test strips based on the excellent fluorescence characteristics of GSH-Cu NCs for fast real-time detection of thiol pollutants.

17.
BMJ Open ; 10(9): e036972, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32973057

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Left bundle branch area pacing (LBBaP) has been accepted as a physiological pacing method that can yield narrow paced QRS waves. For patients with failed biventricular pacing (Bi-V), LBBaP is another feasible option. However, no randomised controlled study has evaluated the efficacy and safety of LBBaP in heart failure patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB). Therefore, we aimed to conduct this type of randomised controlled trial. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study is a single-centre, randomised controlled non-inferiority trial. This study will be conducted at the cardiac centre of Beijing Anzhen Hospital. From January 2020 to December 2022, 180 heart failure patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF ≤35%) and LBBB undergoing Bi-V implantation will be consecutively enrolled in this study. Participants will be randomised at a 1:1 ratio into an experimental group (LBBaP) and a control group (Bi-V). The primary outcome is LVEF. The secondary outcomes are NT-proBNP, duration of the QRS complex, end systolic volume, end diastolic volume, the 6-minute walking test and quality of life (SF-36 scale), all causes of mortality, cardiovascular death, rehospitalisation rate of heart failure, other rehospitalisation rates, major complication rates, procedure costs and hospitalised dates. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study has been approved by the Beijing Anzhen Hospital Medical Ethics Committee (No. ks201932). The results of this study will be presented at domestic and international conferences. We hypothesise that LBBaP is non-inferior compared with Bi-V for treating patients with heart failure and LBBB. This trial will provide evidence-based recommendations for electrophysiologists. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2000028726).

18.
Trials ; 21(1): 768, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Carotid atherosclerosis disease (CAD) is generally associated with the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular accidents. However, CAD has not been taken seriously enough in the clinic, which, coupled with the single treatment and prevention of CAD, has led to a generally low level of patient compliance. Therefore, acupuncture is expected to be a safe and effective therapy that can be maintained in the long term for patients with CAD. The study objective is to evaluate the efficiency and reliability of acupuncture to relieve CAD and provide a new therapeutic idea for the clinical treatment of CAD. METHODS: This is a three-arm randomized clinical trial in China. Three groups (TA, SA, and MC) will be randomly allocated at a 1:1:1 ratio. The study will enrol 105 cervical atherosclerosis plaque patients in total on a voluntary basis, with 35 patients in each group. The treatment will last for 12 weeks, with two treatments per week for twenty-four treatments in total. RESULTS: Two 3D ultrasound indicators will be measured as the primary outcomes: the total plaque volume (PV) of the carotid artery on each side and the grey-scale median (GSM). The secondary outcomes will include intima-media thickness (IMT), lipid levels, apolipoprotein A-IV level, platelet count (PLT), fibrinogen (FIB), and platelet aggregation rate (PAR). All the outcomes will be assessed before treatment, after treatment, and after a 12-week follow-up period. This study will utilize per-protocol (PP) and intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis principles. CONCLUSIONS: This trial is to evaluate the efficacy and reliability of acupuncture in relieving carotid atherosclerotic plaques by establishing acupuncture (TA), sham acupuncture (SA), and medication (MC) groups. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine (no. YF2018-107-01). All data and findings will be provided by the principal investigator via email. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR, ChiCTR1800019259 . Registered on 1 November 2018-retrospectively registered, http://www.chictr.org.cn/index.aspx.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945762

RESUMO

A floc-forming bacterial strain, designated HKLI-1T, was isolated from the activated sludge of a municipal sewage treatment plant in Hong Kong SAR, PR China. Cells of this strain were Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, catalase- and oxidase-positive, rod-shaped and motile by means of a single polar flagellum. Growth occurred at 18-37 °C (optimum, 28 °C), pH 5.5-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.5) and with 0-8.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 1-1.5 %) concentration. The major fatty acids of strain HKLI-1T were C16 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c). The polar lipid profile contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and three unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C content was 63.5 mol% from whole genomic sequence analysis. Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequences analysis, this strain should be assigned to the genus Azoarcus and is closely related to Azoarcus olearius DQS-4T (94.93 % 16S rRNA gene sequence pairwise similarity), Azoarcus toluclasticus MF63T (94.91 %) and Azoarcus communis SWub3T (94.01 %), but separate from them by large distances in different phylogenetic trees. Based on whole genome analysis, the orthologous average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values against four of the closest relatives were 73.03-74.83 and 17.2-23.0 %, respectively. The phylogenetic, genotypic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data demonstrated that strain HKLI-1T could be distinguished from its phylogenetically related species, and that this strain represented a novel species within the genus Azoarcus, for which the name Azoarcus halotolerans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HKLI-1T (= 72659T=CCTCC AB 2019312T).

20.
Tissue Eng Regen Med ; 17(5): 717-727, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In previous studies, we succeeded in repairing a long bone defect with tissue-engineered periosteum (TEP), fabricated by incorporating rabbit mesenchymal stem cells with small intestinal submucosa. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of allogeneic irregular bone defect repair using TEP. METHODS: We performed a subtotal resection of the scapula in 36 rabbits to establish a large irregular bone defect model. The rabbits were then randomly divided into three groups (n = 12 per group) and the defects were treated with TEP (Group 1), allogeneic deproteinized bone (DPB) (Group 2) or a hybrid of TEP and DPB (Group 3). At 4, 8, and 12 weeks after surgery, the rabbits were sacrificed, and the implants were harvested. X-ray radiographic and histological examinations were performed to detect bone healing. Ink-formaldehyde perfusion was introduced to qualitatively analyze vascularization in TEP engineered new bone. RESULTS: The repair of scapular defects was diverse in all groups, shown by radiographic and histological tests. The radiographic scores in Group 1 and Group 3 were significantly higher than Group 2 at 8 and 12 weeks (p < 0.05). Histological scores further proved that Group 1 had significantly greater new bone formation compared to Group 3 (p < 0.05), while Group 2 had the lowest osteogenesis at all time-points (p < 0.001). Ink-formaldehyde perfusion revealed aboundant microvessels in TEP engineered new bone. CONCLUSION: We conclude that TEP is promising for the repair of large irregular bone defects. As a 3D scaffold, DPB could provide mechanical support and a shaping guide when combined with TEP. TEP engineered new bone has aboundant microvessels.

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