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1.
Ital J Pediatr ; 45(1): 37, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30867013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neural tube defects (NTDs) are birth defects of the brain, spine, or spinal cord invoked by the insufficient intake of folic acid in the early stages of pregnancy and have a complex etiology involving both genetic and environmental factors. So the study aimed to explore the association between alterations in maternal one-carbon metabolism and NTDs in the offspring. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study to get a deeper insight into this association, as well as into the role of genetic polymorphisms. Plasma concentrations of folate, homocysteine (Hcy), S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) and genotypes and alleles distributions of 52 SNPs in 8 genes were compared for 61 women with NTDs-affected offspring and 61 women with healthy ones. RESULTS: There were significant differences between groups with regard to plasma folate, SAM, SAH and SAM/SAH levels. Logistic regression results revealed a significant association between maternal plasma folate level and risk of NTDs in the offspring. For MTHFD1 rs2236225 polymorphism, mothers having GA genotype and A allele exhibited an increased risk of NTDs in the offspring (OR = 2.600, 95%CI: 1.227-5.529; OR = 1.847, 95%CI: 1.047-3.259). For MTHFR rs1801133 polymorphism, mothers having TT and CT genotypes were more likely to affect NTDs in the offspring (OR = 4.105, 95%CI: 1.271-13.258; OR = 3.333, 95%CI: 1.068-10.400). Moreover, mothers carrying T allele had a higher risk of NTDs in the offspring (OR = 1.798, 95%CI: 1.070-3.021). For MTRR rs1801394 polymorphism, the frequency of G allele was significantly higher in cases than in controls (OR = 1.763, 95%CI: 1.023-3.036). Mothers with NTDs-affected children had higher AG genotype in RFC1 rs1051226 polymorphism than controls, manifesting an increased risk for NTDs (OR = 3.923, 95%CI: 1.361-11.308). CONCLUSION: Folic acid deficiency, MTHFD1 rs2236225, MTHFR rs1801133, MTRR rs1801349 and RFC1 rs1051226 polymorphisms may be maternal risk factors of NTDs.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Ácido Fólico/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/epidemiologia , Defeitos do Tubo Neural/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Adulto , Carbono/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , China , Feminino , Ferredoxina-NADP Redutase/genética , Deficiência de Ácido Fólico/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Ácido Fólico/epidemiologia , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Desidrogenase (NADP)/genética , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Redutase (NADPH2)/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/genética , Defeitos do Tubo Neural/epidemiologia , Defeitos do Tubo Neural/fisiopatologia , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , Valores de Referência
7.
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 25(5): 321-4, 2009 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20030103

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the development, distribution and GLUT-1 expression of infantile hemangioma and to discuss the early surgical intervention for better results and avoiding severe complication. METHODS: The lesion site of each case was recorded and analyzed by SPSS V13.0 to study the distribution. The operation was guided by the principle of plastic surgery to remove the hemangioma. The GLUT-1 expression was detected by immunohistochemical technique in all the resected samples. RESULTS: All the results were satisfactory. The GLUT-1 expression was positive in all the cases. The incidences in different sites were significantly different (P < 0.05). 71.7% of the hemangiomas were located at upper and lower lip, periorbital region and facial midline. It indicates that hemangioma is not randomly distributed. Most of them were located at the fusion of facial prominences during embryological development. CONCLUSIONS: Infantile facial hemangioma maybe originated from endothelial progenitor cells of placenta which migrate and implant on the fusion of facial prominences. Early surgical intervention is one of the best choice for infantile facial hemangioma.


Assuntos
Face/patologia , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 1/metabolismo , Hemangioma/patologia , Hemangioma/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Hemangioma/metabolismo , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino
10.
Ai Zheng ; 25(7): 906-10, 2006 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16831288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Polymorphisms of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) gene play an important role in the development of cervical cancer. This study was to screen single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of HLA-DQA1 gene involved in susceptibility of cervical cancer by a bioinformatics approach, and analyze their correlations to abnormal gene functions. METHODS: SNPs of HLA-DQA1 were screened from a public database dbSNP by SNPper software, and relevant FASTA subsequences were also obtained from dbSNP. PARSESNP software was used to analyze cSNPs. RESULTS: Two SNPs, rs9272693 and rs9272703, which may induce mis-sense mutation, were identified in codon region of HLA-DQA1 gene. A PSSM difference>10 was used to predict deleterious mutation. CONCLUSIONS: SNPper software in combination with PARSESNP software could be used to analyze SNPs of HLA-DQA1 gene and select the variants in a conserved region, and it provides an evaluation criterion. But the results need to be verified in cervical cancer patients and control populations.


Assuntos
Antígenos HLA-DQ/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Bases de Dados como Assunto , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Cadeias alfa de HLA-DQ , Humanos , Software
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