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1.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2023: 6707698, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36685007

RESUMO

Methods: Transcriptome data and clinical data of HCC were downloaded from the TCGA database. Screen important genes based on the random forest method, combined with differential expression genes (DEGs) to screen out important DEGs. The Kaplan‒Meier curve was used to evaluate its prognostic significance. Cox regression analysis was used to construct a survival prognosis prediction model, and the ROC curve was used to verify it. Finally, the mechanism of action was explored through GO and KEGG pathway enrichment and GeneMANIA coexpression analyses. Results: Seven important DEGs were identified, three were highly expressed and four were lowly expressed. Among them, GPRIN1, MYBL2, and GSTM5 were closely related to prognosis (P < 0.05). After the survival prognosis prediction model was established, the survival analysis showed that the survival time of the high-risk group was significantly shortened (P < 0.001), but the ROC analysis indicated that the model was not superior to staging. Twenty coexpressed genes were screened, and enrichment analysis indicated that glutathione metabolism was an important mechanism for these genes to regulate HCC progression. Conclusion: This study revealed the important DEGs affecting HCC progression and provided references for clinical assessment of patient prognosis and exploration of HCC progression mechanisms through the construction of predictive models and gene enrichment analysis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36648156

RESUMO

Zn-ion batteries with low cost and high safety have been regarded as a promising energy storage technology for grid storage. It is well-known that the metal anode surface orientation is vital to its reversibility. Herein, we demonstrate a facile route to control the Zn metal anode surface orientation through electrodeposition with electrolyte additives. An ultrathin (101)-inclined Zn metal anode (down to 2 µm) is obtained by adding a small amount of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) in the ZnSO4 aqueous electrolyte. Scanning electron microscopy indicates the formation of flat terrace-like surfaces, while in situ optical observations demonstrate the reversible plating and stripping. DFT calculations reveal that the large reconstruction of the Zn-(101) surface with DMSO and H2O adsorption to lower the interface energy is the main driving force for surface preference. Raman, XPS, and ToF-SIMS characterizations are performed to unveil the surface SEI components. Exceptional electrochemical performance is demonstrated for the (101)-inclined Zn metal anode in a half cell, which could cycle for 200 h with a low overpotential (<50 mV). The Zn||V2O full cells are assembled, showing much better cycle performance for the 5 µm (101)-inclined Zn metal anode as compared to the commercialized 10 µm Zn metal foil, with a maximum specific capacity of 359 mAh/g and >170 mAh/g after over 300 cycles. We hope this study will spur further interest in the control of surface crystallographic orientation for a stable ultrathin Zn metal anode.

3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 266: 120419, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619506

RESUMO

Nitroaromatic compounds (NACs) can lead to various environmental pollution healh problems. In order to effectively recognize and sense NACs, a novel coordination polymers (CPs) with fluorescent characteristic [Zn3(btc)2(tpt)(H2O)2]·4H2O (1) (tpt = tris(4-pyridyl)triazine, H3btc = 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid) has been triumphantly prepared as an fluorescence probe by solvothermal method. 1 possesses remarkable PH stability ranging from 2.0 to 12.0 and is also stable in different pure organic solvents. It should be noted that 1 manifests a fluorescence quenching response against the detection of selectivity and sensitivity towards 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP) in aqueous solution. It also makes analysis on the limit of detection towards TNP, which is as low as 0.94 µM compared with most reported CPs sensors for TNP. Therefore, 1 can become a satisfactory sensor for TNP detection with remarkable selectivity, strong anti-interference and favorable recyclability. In addition, the quenching mechanisms were also discussed. It was supposed that the mechanisms of photoinduced electron transfer (PET) as well as resonance energy transfer (RET) might be the main influencing factors.


Assuntos
Luminescência , Polímeros , Picratos , Zinco
4.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1002036, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36530974

RESUMO

Microfibrillar-associated protein 2 (MFAP2), a component of the extracellular matrix, is important in controlling growth factor signal transduction. Recent studies have shown that MFAP2, an effective prognostic molecule for various tumors, is associated with tumor occurrence and development and may be involved in remodeling the extracellular matrix and regulating proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, tumor cell metastasis, and tumor angiogenesis. However, MFAP2's specific mechanism in these tumor processes remains unclear. This article reviewed the possible mechanism of MFAP2 in tumorigenesis and progression and provided a reference for the clinical prognosis of patients with cancer and new therapeutic target discovery.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(21)2022 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361995

RESUMO

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is a chilling-sensitive staple food crop, and thus, low temperature significantly affects rice growth and yield. Many studies have focused on the cold shock of rice although chilling acclimation is more likely to happen in the field. In this paper, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was used to identify the genes that participated in cold stress and chilling accumulation. A total of 235 significantly associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified. Among them, we detected 120 and 88 SNPs for the relative shoot fresh weight under cold stress and chilling acclimation, respectively. Furthermore, 11 and 12 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) were identified for cold stress and chilling acclimation, respectively, by integrating the co-localized SNPs. Interestingly, we identified 10 and 15 candidate genes in 11 and 12 QTLs involved in cold stress and chilling acclimation, respectively, and two new candidate genes (LOC_Os01g62410, LOC_Os12g24490) were obviously up-regulated under chilling acclimation. Furthermore, OsMYB3R-2 (LOC_Os01g62410) that encodes a R1R2R3 MYB gene was associated with cold tolerance, while a new C3HC4-type zinc finger protein-encoding gene LOC_Os12g24490 was found to function as a putative E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase in rice. Moreover, haplotype, distribution, and Wright's fixation index (FST) of both genes showed that haplotype 3 of LOC_Os12g24490 is more stable in chilling acclimation, and the SNP (A > T) showed a difference in latitudinal distribution. FST analysis of SNPs in OsMYB3R-2 (LOC_Os01g62410) and LOC_Os12g24490 indicated that several SNPs were under selection in rice indica and japonica subspecies. This study provided new candidate genes in genetic improvement of chilling acclimation response in rice.


Assuntos
Oryza , Resposta ao Choque Frio/genética , Plântula/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Temperatura Baixa , Aclimatação/genética
6.
Iran J Public Health ; 51(8): 1817-1826, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36249096

RESUMO

Background: We aimed to analyze the predictive role of serum test and questionnaire in Early Gastric Cancer in The First Affiliated Hospital of Xingtai Medical College, Hebei Province from 2019 to 2020. Methods: In this prospective study, 280 medical examiners underwent questionnaire, serum test and gastroscopy. They were divided into Gastric cancer (GC) and Non-Gastric cancer (NGC) group. NGC group was divided into Low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (LGIN), Chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) and Non-chronic atrophic gastritis (NCAG) group. Results: Age, drinking, sex and Gastrin-17(G-17) was respectively independent risk factors for GC. Age, drinking and G-17 was independent risk factors for GC in men. G-17 of GC group was higher than that of LGIN and NCAG group (P<0.05). Pepsinogen I/II ratio (PGR) of GC was lower than that of NCAG group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between Pepsinogen I (PGI) and Pepsinogen II (PGII) in the four groups. Helicobacter pylori-immunoglobulin G antibodies (H. pylori-IgG) of LGIN group was significantly higher than that of CAG and NCAG group in gastritis group (P<0.008). G-17≥42.95 pmol/L, age≥69years, male and drinking can predict GC. Conclusion: Older, drinking, men and high G-17 could respectively predict GC. Especially in men, older, drinking and high G-17 could affect the occurrence of GC. G-17, age, drinking and sex used respectively to screen high-risk populations for GC were more efficient than combined screening. GC had a higher serum G-17 and a lower PG than other gastric diseases.

7.
Front Genet ; 13: 989521, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204318

RESUMO

Aims: microfibrillar-associated protein 2 (MFAP2), a component of the extracellular matrix, plays key roles in regulating growth factor signal transduction and various malignant tumors. However, the clinicopathological features of microfibrillar-associated protein 2 in gliomas have not been elucidated to date. Methods: TCGA and CGGA databases were used to study the expression of microfibrillar-associated protein 2 in glioma and its relationship with clinicopathological features of patients with glioma. Western blotting was performed to detect the expression of microfibrillar-associated protein 2 protein in tissue samples from glioma patients. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was applied to detect biological processes and signal pathways related to microfibrillar-associated protein 2. Single-sample gene set enrichment analysis, TIMER 2.0, and TISIDB databases were used to evaluate the role of microfibrillar-associated protein 2 in tumor immune characteristics. The prognostic role of microfibrillar-associated protein 2 in glioma was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression. Survival data were used to establish a nomogram prediction model. Results: microfibrillar-associated protein 2 expression was significantly elevated in gliomas. receiver operating characteristic analysis revealed good discrimination of microfibrillar-associated protein 2 between glioma and normal tissues. High expression of microfibrillar-associated protein 2 was associated with malignant phenotypes, such as histological type. Based on gene set enrichment analysis, we identified pathways associated with high microfibrillar-associated protein 2 expression. High microfibrillar-associated protein 2 expression was related to the infiltration of tumor immune cells, including Th2 cells and macrophages, and correlated with key markers of T-cell exhaustion. Based on the TISIDB database, microfibrillar-associated protein 2 was observed to be associated with chemokines, chemokine receptors, and multiple immunoinhibitors in glioma. Kaplan-Meier survival analyses revealed that high microfibrillar-associated protein 2 expression predicted poor overall survival, DSS, and PFS in patients with glioma. By combining microfibrillar-associated protein 2 and other prognostic factors, a nomogram prognostic prediction model was constructed, which demonstrated an ideal prediction effect. Conclusion: microfibrillar-associated protein 2 is a potential prognostic marker that plays a key role in glioma development given its association with malignant phenotypes, cancer-related pathways and tumor immunity.

8.
Small ; 18(42): e2203628, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36135803

RESUMO

Microarchitectures with complex interior structures are important for many applications. However, engineering complex interior structures within microarchitectures are challenging. This article reports the introduction of electrochemical sculpting processes to carve the microarchitectures during or after their electrochemical growing process to design the interior structure of the microarchitectures. The electrochemical growing and sculpting process tangle together under the constant voltage electrodeposition mode with their strength depending on the ion concentration gradient and the voltage value. The unique thawing process of the frozen electrolyte is used to create the desired sharp ion concentration gradient, and has the potential to control the strength of the sculpting and the growing processes. How to completely decouple the growing and the sculpting process is further studied to gain more accurate control over the interior structures of the microarchitectures. It is revealed that the sculpting process can be exclusively applied onto the electrochemically grown microarchitectures simply by reversing the electric field without triggering any growing processes. Microarchitectures with complex interior structures, including micropyramids with a single cavity exclusively at the outward or every apex to multi-walled hollow pyramids with designable wall numbers and inter-wall distances are prepared as examples.

9.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Auricularia auricula (A. auricula) is one of the most abundant sources of plant protein in edible fungi. Problems of low protein yield exist in traditional methods of protein extraction such as alkali extraction and ultrasonic-assisted alkali after pretreatment with enzymes. Thus, the protein extraction process was investigated and optimized using a definitive screening design from A. auricula to improve the protein yield under practical operating conditions of temperature, the concentration of NaCl, meal/water ratio, extraction time and pH. RESULTS: The yield of protein isolates of the isoelectric-ammonium sulfate precipitation (9.34% w/w) was obtained almost three times and the protein content (55.23% w/w) was approximately 1.6 times that of the traditional extraction method of isoelectric precipitation. Next, the optimized method was successfully applied to the analysis of the functional properties of the protein. A. auricula protein isolate (AAPI) had better solubility, emulsification and foaming capacity than soy protein isolate (SPI) and pea protein isolate (PPI), and the oil holding capacity of AAPI exhibited extremely well, which was approximately five times that of SPI and six times that of PPI. The texture properties of AAPI gel were similar to those of PPI gels. CONCLUSION: AAPI extracted by the optimized method had a satisfactory yield and had the potential to substitute plant-originated proteins in food processing. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.

10.
Small ; 18(44): e2203229, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050885

RESUMO

The assembly of biomolecules and ions (e.g., biomineralization process) generates many intricate structures in nature. However, human beings' control over the assembly processes of ions is in its infant stage compared with nature. Here, it is reported that the intermediate valence metal ions in the electrolyte can influence the growth speed of certain crystal facets and in turn adjust the shape of the electrodeposits created by anodic electrodeposition. This is because the intermediate valence metal ions (e.g., Pb2+ , Mn2+ , etc.) can be oxidized by the electrochemically oxidized high valence ions (e.g., Ag2+ and Ag3+ ). Therefore, the concentration of the electrochemically oxidized high valence ions can be controlled by the intermediate valence ions, affecting the growth kinetics of the electrodeposits. Taking the anodic electrodeposition of Ag7 O8 NO3 as an example, the role of intermediate valence ions in tailoring the shape of the Ag7 O8 NO3 electrodeposits is demonstrated. Moreover, the growth location of the second-order structure can be controlled by the intermediate valence metal ions. Additionally, the designed complex microarchitectures starting from certain crystal facets to form hollow nanoframes can be selectively etched. The control capability over the electrochemical assembly process of metal ions is significantly strengthened by introducing intermediate valence ions into the electrolyte.


Assuntos
Galvanoplastia , Metais , Humanos , Metais/química , Eletrodos , Íons , Eletrólitos
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(32): e29940, 2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35960117

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) combined with pulmonary surfactant (PS) in the treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS). METHODS: This study is a retrospective clinical study. Seventy-two NRDS neonates were selected as the subjects from November 2019 to November 2020, and divided into observation group (40 cases, HFOV treatment) and control group (32 cases, conventional mechanical ventilation treatment). All cases were treated with PS and comprehensive treatment. The therapeutic effect, arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), Percentage of inhaled oxygen concentration (FiO2), mean arterialpressure, oxygenation index (OI), and complications were compared in the 2 groups. RESULTS: The total effective rate of the observation group was 90.0%, significantly higher than that of the control group. After treatment, the observation group has higher PaO2 levels and lower levels of PaCO2, mean arterial pressure, FiO2, and OI than the control group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: HFOV combined with PS has a significant effect on NRDS, which can improve the arterial blood gas index without increasing the incidence of complications.


Assuntos
Ventilação de Alta Frequência , Surfactantes Pulmonares , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Oxigênio/uso terapêutico , Surfactantes Pulmonares/uso terapêutico , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ventiladores Mecânicos
12.
Food Chem ; 396: 133664, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35841676

RESUMO

It is of great significance to develop safe and efficient dietary selenium sources to improve lead toxicity. In this study, selenate, selenite, SeMet and Se-yeast were supplied to investigate the Se biofortification and bioaccessibility in Pleurotus eryngii. The effects of Se-enriched P. eryngii on lead binding bacteria were investigated via in vitro fermentation. With 40 mg/kg Se in the substrate, the total Se contents of P. eryngii treated with selenite and Se-yeast were 145.22 ± 8.00 mg/kg and 90.01 ± 7.01 mg/kg, respectively. Compared with selenite, Se-yeast treatment significantly increased the organic Se proportion in P. eryngii (SeCys2 2.85 ± 0.17%, MeSeCys 2.33 ± 0.21% and SeMet 78.19 ± 1.58%), which led to higher bioaccessibility. With 1 mg/L lead treatment during in vitro fermentation, Se-enriched P. eryngii promoted the growth of Desulfovibrio, which contributed to the increase of gut microbiota lead adsorption. Se-enriched P. eryngii cultivated with Se-yeast could be used as dietary Se sources for lead toxicity improvement.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Selênio , Adsorção , Biofortificação , Fermentação , Chumbo , Pleurotus , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Ácido Selenioso , Selênio/metabolismo
13.
Front Surg ; 9: 877038, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35865039

RESUMO

Background: Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients usually need decompressive craniectomy (DC) to decrease intracranial pressure. Duraplasty is an important step in DC with various dura substitute choices. This study aims to compare absorbable dura with nonabsorbable dura in duraplasty for severe TBI patients. Methods: One hundred and three severe TBI patients who underwent DC and dura repair were included in this study. Thirty-nine cases used absorbable artificial dura (DuraMax) and 64 cases used nonabsorbable artificial dura (NormalGEN). Postoperative complications, mortality and Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) score in one year were compared in both groups. Results: Absorbable dura group had higher complication rates in transcalvarial cerebral herniation (TCH) (43.59% in absorbable dura group vs. 17.19% in nonabsorbable dura group, P = 0.003) and CSF leakage (15.38% in absorbable dura group vs. 1.56% in nonabsorbable dura group, P = 0.021). But severity of TCH described with hernial distance and herniation volume demonstrated no difference in both groups. There was no statistically significant difference in rates of postoperative intracranial infection, hematoma progression, secondary operation, hydrocephalus, subdural hygroma and seizure in both groups. KPS score in absorbable dura group (37.95 ± 28.58) was statistically higher than nonabsorbable dura group (49.05 ± 24.85) in one year after operation (P = 0.040), while no difference was found in the rate of functional independence (KPS ≥ 70). Besides, among all patients in this study, TCH patients had a higher mortality rate (P = 0.008), lower KPS scores (P < 0.001) and lower functionally independent rate (P = 0.049) in one year after surgery than patients without TCH. Conclusions: In terms of artificial biological dura, nonabsorbable dura is superior to absorbable dura in treatment of severe TBI patients with DC. Suturable nonabsorbable dura has fewer complications of TCH and CFS leakage, and manifest lower mortality and better prognosis. Postoperative TCH is an important complication in severe TBI which usually leads to a poor prognosis.

14.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 3581, 2022 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35739115

RESUMO

Achieving versatile dispersion of nanoparticles in a broad range of solvents (e.g., water, oil, and biofluids) without repeatedly recourse to chemical modifications are desirable in optoelectronic devices, self-assembly, sensing, and biomedical fields. However, such a target is limited by the strategies used to decorate nanoparticle's surface properties, leading to a narrow range of solvents for existing nanoparticles. Here we report a concept to break the nanoparticle's dispersible limit via electrochemically anchoring surface ligands capable of sensing the surrounding liquid medium and rotating to adapt to it, immediately forming stable dispersions in a wide range of solvents (polar and nonpolar, biofluids, etc.). Moreover, the smart nanoparticles can be continuously electrodeposited in the electrolyte, overcoming the electrode surface-confined low throughput limitation of conventional electrodeposition methods. The anomalous dispersive property of the smart Ag nanoparticles enables them to resist bacteria secreted species-induced aggregation and the structural similarity of the surface ligands to that of the bacterial membrane assists them to enter the bacteria, leading to high antibacterial activity. The simple but massive fabrication process and the enhanced dispersion properties offer great application opportunities to the smart nanoparticles in diverse fields.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanopartículas , Eletrólitos/química , Ligantes , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas/química , Prata , Solventes/química
15.
BMC Nephrol ; 23(1): 221, 2022 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35739470

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to present the prevalence and effects of direct arterial puncture (DAP) for hemodialysis patients, and to introduce optimal option for the vascular access (VA) in certain hemodialysis patients with poor condition of vascular or cardiac function in a compelling situation. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Demographic characteristics and laboratory data were extracted from the health care system. Relevant DAP information was collected by a questionnaire. Case-control matching was performed to compare the hemodialysis adequacy between DAP and other VAs. RESULTS: A total of 526 patients were selected for analysis by convenience sampling, of which 38 patients relied https://www.baidu.com/link?url=eaDh8Hn-yZGJyDB0_h4zBenKd7qY1yX-KNxO-qU49gktQOGTJJg3slTjIbG095st4hRfprQIHRjfhfeGOZyH73y8tvSUCwMmvWbUhyix2ZK on DAP for hemodialysis. The main reasons using DAP for hemodialysis included the cost of arteriovenous access creation or maintenance in 19(50%) patients and the poor condition of vascular or cardiac function in 14 (39.5%) patients. Some complications of DAP occurred, such as aneurysm or pseudoaneurysm in 16(42.1%) patients, infiltration in 12 (31.6%) patients. Differences in hemodialysis adequacy were not statistically significant between DAP and other types of VA. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, DAP can meet the need of prescription hemodialysis, yet it has several limitations. Although the patients in our study were long-term dependent on DAP for hemodialysis with various reasons, we do not recommend DAP as a long-term vascular access if better options are available. However, DAP should not be overlooked to be a supplemental VA for hemodialysis with adequate blood flow and availability for individuals with poor condition of vascular or cardiac function in a compelling situation.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica , Diálise Renal , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Punções , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares
16.
J Chromatogr A ; 1673: 463079, 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489244

RESUMO

In this work, headspace single-drop microextraction (HS-SDME) method and headspace (HS) method were developed and compared to determine methanol by gas chromatography with flame ionization detector (GC-FID). Several factors influencing extraction efficiency, such as extraction time, temperature, sample volume, stirring rate and extraction solvent were investigated and the optimal conditions could be obtained using 2.0 µL DMF as extractant, 45 °C as heating temperature, 5 min as extraction time, 6 mL sample volume and 1.5 g KCl as addition of salt. The obtained dynamic range of HS-SDME-GC-FID was from 0.05 to 2 mg·L-1 with the limit of detection (LOD) of 0.001 mg·L-1 and that of HS-GC-FID was from 10.0 to 400.0 mg L-1 with LOD of 0.5 mg·L-1. The relative standard deviations (RSD) of HS-SDME-GC-FID was 1.9% (n = 5, C = 0.005 mg·L-1), 4.8%(n = 5, C = 0.02 mg·L-1) and 3.3%(n = 5, C = 0.1 mg·L-1), then the RSD of HS-GC-FID was 4.4%(n = 5, C = 5 mg·L-1), 5.8%(n = 5, C = 20 mg·L-1) and 4.0%(n = 5, C = 40 mg·L-1). Clearly, compared with HS-GC-FID, HS-SDME-GC-FID possessed lower LOD and better reproducibility and both of them were applied to determine methanol in imported wine and the recoveries for the spiked samples were between 83.99 and 117.24%. Overall, HS-SDME approach was confirmed to be a more sensitive and efficient sample pretreatment method and could separate matrix effectively.


Assuntos
Vinho , Cromatografia Gasosa/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Metanol , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
17.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(4): 236, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35362815

RESUMO

Fungi are reputed to play a significant role in the composting matrix as decomposers of recalcitrant organic materials like cellulose and lignin. However, information on the fungi communities' roles in nitrogen transformation under a compost-biochar mixture is scarce. This study investigated shifts in fungal species mediating N transformation and their network patterns in cattle manure-corn straw (CMCS) and CMCS plus biochar (CMCB) composting using high-throughput sequencing data. The results revealed that the addition of biochar altered fungal richness and diversity and significantly influenced their compositions during composting. Biochar also altered the compost fungal network patterns; CMCS had a more complex network with higher positive links than CMCB, suggesting stable niche overlap. The consistent agreement of multivariate analyses (redundancy, network, regression, Mantel and path analyses) indicated that Ciliophora_sp in CMCS and unclassified_norank_Pleosporales in CMCB were the key fungal species mediating total N transformation, whereas Scedosporium_prolificans in CMCS and unclassified_Microascaceae in CMCB were identified as major predictive indices determining NO3--N transformation. Also, Coprinopsis cinerea and Penicillium oxalicum were the predictive factors for NH4+-N transformation in CMCS and CMCB during composting. These results indicated that the effects of biochar on N conversions in composting could be unraveled using multivariate analyses on fungi community evolution, network patterns, and metabolism.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Animais , Bovinos , Carvão Vegetal , Fungos/genética , Fungos/metabolismo , Esterco , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Zea mays/metabolismo
18.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 206: 242-254, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35240204

RESUMO

Selenylation modification has been widely utilized to improve the activity of polysaccharides and to develop novel sources of selenium (Se) supplements. A purified pulp polysaccharide of Rose laevigata Michx fruit (PPRLMF-2) was selenized into Se-PPRLMF-2 in this study. PPRLMF-2 + Se was formulated by Na2SeO3 according to the Se content of Se-PPRLMF-2. To investigate the effects of selenylation modification on the structure and functions of PPRLMF-2, the characteristics, antioxidative and immunoregulatory activities of PPRLMF-2 before and after selenylation were compared. The results showed that compared with PPRLMF-2, Se-PPRLMF-2 became an irregular fibrous network, and its Mw decreased and C-6 substitution predominated in 13C NMR spectra. Se-PPRLMF-2 significantly increased chemical antioxidant activity and reduced the oxidative damage of erythrocytes, which was not due to Se alone. Se-PPRLMF-2 significantly increased immunomodulatory activity on macrophages, which was related to Se alone. Se-PPRLMF-2 could be a good potential source of antioxidants, immune enhancers and dietary Se supplements.


Assuntos
Rosa , Selênio , Antioxidantes/química , Frutas/química , Polissacarídeos/química , Rosa/química , Selênio/química , Selênio/farmacologia
19.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 43(10): 2596-2608, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35241769

RESUMO

Platelet hyperactivity is essential for thrombus formation in coronary artery diseases (CAD). Dysfunction of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) in patients with cystic fibrosis elevates intracellular Cl- levels ([Cl-]i) and enhanced platelet hyperactivity. In this study, we explored whether alteration of [Cl-]i has a pathological role in regulating platelet hyperactivity and arterial thrombosis formation. CFTR expression was significantly decreased, while [Cl-]i was increased in platelets from CAD patients. In a FeCl3-induced mouse mesenteric arteriole thrombosis model, platelet-specific Cftr-knockout and/or pre-administration of ion channel inhibitor CFTRinh-172 increased platelet [Cl-]i, which accelerated thrombus formation, enhanced platelet aggregation and ATP release, and increased P2Y12 and PAR4 expression in platelets. Conversely, Cftr-overexpressing platelets resulted in subnormal [Cl-]i, thereby decreasing thrombosis formation. Our results showed that clamping [Cl-]i at high levels or Cftr deficiency-induced [Cl-]i increasement dramatically augmented phosphorylation (Ser422) of serum and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase (SGK1), subsequently upregulated P2Y12 and PAR4 expression via NF-κB signaling. Constitutively active mutant S422D SGK1 markedly increased P2Y12 and PAR4 expression. The specific SGK1 inhibitor GSK-650394 decreased platelet aggregation in wildtype and platelet-specific Cftr knockout mice, and platelet SGK1 phosphorylation was observed in line with increased [Cl-]i and decreased CFTR expression in CAD patients. Co-transfection of S422D SGK1 and adenovirus-induced CFTR overexpression in MEG-01 cells restored platelet activation signaling cascade. Our results suggest that [Cl-]i is a novel positive regulator of platelet activation and arterial thrombus formation via the activation of a [Cl-]i-sensitive SGK1 signaling pathway. Therefore, [Cl-]i in platelets is a novel potential biomarker for platelet hyperactivity, and CFTR may be a potential therapeutic target for platelet activation in CAD.


Assuntos
Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística , Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces , Trombose , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Cloretos/metabolismo , Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/antagonistas & inibidores , Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/metabolismo , Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Trombose/metabolismo
20.
Waste Manag ; 142: 132-142, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35219063

RESUMO

Composting is the mainstream technology for the treatment of agricultural solid waste, but limited efforts were made to investigate fungal composition and its contributions to nitrogen transformation in different depths of compost. In this study, spatial distributions of fungi were analyzed using high throughput sequencing by multi-angle analyses, and the key fungal communities determining nitrogen transformation were quantified and identified by multi-aspect analyses during cow manure composting. Multi-angle analyses showed that fungal structure, biomarkers and trophic mode composition varied in different layers, revealing that spatial heterogeneity is the distinctive attribute of composting system. Ascomycota and Basidiomycota were dominant phyla during composting, the two phyla peaked in top and bottom layer respectively. At mesophilic stage, Tremellales, and unclassified Ascomycota (order) were biomarkers in top and middle layer respectively, and so were Remersonia, Pyrenochaetopsis, and Wallemia in bottom layer by LEfSe analysis. Based on multi-aspect analyses, Unclassified Dothideomycetes mainly affected NH4+-N transformation both in top (1.2816***) and middle layers (1.1726*). Trichocladium asperum (0.9536***) and Zopfiella (-0.9484***) mainly affected TN transformation in top layer. Guehomyces pullulans (-0.9684**) and Preussia (-1.0508**) regulated NO3--N transformation in middle layer. Thermomyces lanuginosus (0.7127***) and Typhula sp. UW973129 (0.7298***) were the key species promoting TN and C/N transformation in bottom layer, respectively. Interestingly, different fungal communities showed a complex network interaction driving nitrogen transformation, and the abundance of microbial community could be conducive to characterizing nitrogen transformation in the vertical space of composting.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Micobioma , Animais , Bovinos , Feminino , Estruturas Fúngicas , Esterco/microbiologia , Nitrogênio , Solo
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