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1.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-15, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174219

RESUMO

Transcription factors have already been proposed to work on some human diseases. Yet the role of translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) in cerebral palsy (CP) remains elusive. This study intends to examine the mechanism of TCTP on CP by regulating microRNA-200a (miR-200a).CP models of rats were established referring to the internationally recognized improved hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy modeling method. The neuroethology of rats, ultrastructure and pathological condition in brain tissues of rats were observed through several assays. The expression of TCTP, miR-200a, myelin transcription factor 1-like (Myt1L), tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) along with apoptosis in brain tissues of rats was detected. The levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in brain tissues of rats were determined. The binding site between miR-200a and Myt1L was analyzed.TCTP and Myt1L were overexpressed and miR-200a was under-expressed in CP rats. Elevated miR-200a ameliorated neurobehavior of CP rats and pathological injury in brain tissues. Elevated miR-200a up-regulated TH, GSH, GSH-Px, and SOD levels, down-regulated iNOS, ROS, MDA, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels, and attenuated neuronal apoptosis in brain tissues of CP rats. Myt1L was a target gene of miR-200a.Altogether, our study suggested that diminution of transcription factor TCTP up-regulates miR-200a to limit Myt1L expression, thereby improving neurobehavior and oxidative stress injury in CP rats.

2.
Bioorg Med Chem ; : 115438, 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32199689

RESUMO

Endomorphin (EM)-1 and EM-2 are the most effective endogenous analgesics with efficient separation of analgesia from the risk of adverse effects. Poor metabolic stability and ineffective analgesia after peripheral administration were detrimental for the use of EMs as novel clinical analgesics. Therefore, here, we aimed to establish new EM analogs via introducing different bifunctional d-amino acids at position 2 of [(2-furyl)Map4]EMs. The combination of [(2-furyl)Map4]EMs with D-Arg2 or D-Cit2 yielded analogs with enhanced binding affinity to the µ-opioid receptor (MOR) and increased stability against enzymatic degradation (t1/2 > 300 min). However, the agonistic activities of these analogs toward MOR were slightly reduced. Similar to morphine, peripheral administration of the analog [D-Cit2, (2-furyl)Map4]EM-1 (10) significantly inhibited the pain behavior of mice in multiple pain models. In addition, this EM-1 analog was associated with reduced tolerance, less effect on gastrointestinal mobility, and no significant motor impairment. Compared to natural EMs, the EM analogs synthesized herein had enhanced metabolic stability, bioavailability, and analgesic properties.

3.
Environ Pollut ; 262: 114330, 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32179216

RESUMO

Antimony (Sb) is a toxic element of global concern. To date, the most previous researches about phytotoxicity of Sb failed to fully consider the effects of soil properties and long-time aging. To address this, the toxicity of exogenous Sb(III) and Sb(V) were studied using the standardized barley root elongation bioassay. The results indicated that in ten soils aged only for 1 d, the EC10 (concentrations causing 10% inhibition) values were 221-3164 mg kg-1 and 135-4260 mg kg-1 in Sb(III)- and Sb(V)-treated soils, respectively. The EC50 values (concentrations causing 50% inhibition) were more than the setting highest concentration of 6400 mg kg-1 in half of ten soils. The regression analysis showed that the amorphous Fe oxide and pH were the most foremost single soil factor explaining above-mentioned variance in EC10, respectively, which suggested that the dominant soil factors were related to Sb forms. The inclusion of amorphous Mn oxide in above these two simple regression model could best explain the toxicity variance. After aged for 116 and 365 d, the phytotoxicity of Sb in Sb-treated soils significantly decreased and the phytotoxicity were even not found in the majority of Sb(V)-treated soils. The extent of aging varied with soils, and correlation analysis indicated that the aging effects negatively correlated with soil pH and positively correlated with clay and amorphous Al oxide in the Sb(III)-treated test soils.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222810

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We evaluated the potential usefulness of [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for the diagnosis of primary and metastatic lesions in various types of cancer, compared with [18F] FDG PET/CT. METHODS: A total of 75 patients with various types of cancer underwent contemporaneous [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 and [18F] FDG PET/CT either for an initial assessment or for recurrence detection. Tumour uptake was quantified by the maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and accuracy of [18F] FDG and [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT were calculated and compared to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy. RESULTS: The study cohort consisted of 75 patients (47 males and 28 females; median age, 61.5 years; age range, 32-85 years). Fifty-four patients with 12 different tumour entities underwent paired [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 and [18F] FDG PET/CT for initial assessment, while the other 21 patients underwent paired scans for recurrence detection. [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT was able to clearly identify 12 types of malignant tumours with favourable tumour-to-background contrast, which resulted in a higher detection rate of primary tumours than did [18F] FDG PET/CT (98.2% vs. 82.1%, P = 0.021). Meanwhile, [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT showed a better sensitivity than [18F] FDG PET/CT in the detection of lymph nodes (86.4% vs. 45.5%, P = 0.004) and bone and visceral metastases (83.8% vs. 59.5%, P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT showed a superior diagnostic efficacy than [18F] FDG PET/CT for the diagnosis of primary and metastatic lesions in patients with various types of cancer, especially in identifying liver metastases, peritoneal carcinomatosis, and brain tumours.

5.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(13): 2709-2718, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32149315

RESUMO

The increasing prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria needs rapid identification and efficient destruction routes. This study proposes testing paper derived from electrospun fibrous mats and aggregation-induced emission (AIE) probes for trace sensing and simultaneous destruction of antibiotic-resistant E. coli. Aptamers are conjugated on fibers for selective capture of E. coli, and the capture capability can be regenerated via rinsing with salt solution. Hydroxyl tetraphenylethene (TPE) is linked with two cephalosporin molecules to construct TPE-Cep probes, and the fluorescence emission is turned on specifically in the presence of ß-lactamase, which is a critical marker for screening resistant bacteria. Fibrous mats are lit up only in the presence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and the fluorescence intensity changes could be statistically fitted into an equation for quantitative analysis. Fibrous strips display apparent color changes from blue to green for a visual readout of bacterial levels, and the limit of detection (LOD) is much lower than those of previous paper substrates. In addition, the TPE-Cep probes could produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) under room light illumination to kill the captured bacteria. Thus, the integration of aptamer-grafted electrospun fibers and functional AIE probes provides potential for selective capture, trace imaging and photodynamic destruction of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32092016

RESUMO

Weakly supervised object detection (WSOD) is an interesting yet challenging task in the computer vision community. The core is to discover the image regions that contain the complete object instances under the image-level supervision. Existing works usually solve this problem via a proposal selection strategy, which selects the most discriminative box regions from the weakly labeled training images. However, these regions usually only contain the discriminative object parts rather than the complete object instances. To address this problem, this article proposes to learn a searching-agent to gradually mine desirable object regions under a region searching paradigm, where we formulate the searching process as a Markov decision process and learn the searching-agent under a deep reinforcement learning framework. To learn such a searching-agent under the weak supervision, we extract the pseudo-complete object regions and the corresponding local discriminative object parts and introduce the obtained pseudo-target-part training pairs into the reinforcement learning process of the search-agent. This learning strategy has twofold advantages: 1) it can mimic the searching process to reveal complete object regions from a certain discriminative part of the object under the weak supervision and 2) it will not suffer from the learning difficulty arise from the long-action sequence that happens when searching from the entire image range. Comprehensive experiments on benchmark data sets demonstrate that by integrating the learned searching-agent with the existing WSOD method, we can achieve better performance than the other state-of-the-art and baseline methods.

7.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 101, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024485

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies on the association between coffee intake and cancer risk have yielded inconsistent results. To summarize and appraise the quality of the current evidence, we conducted an umbrella review of existing findings from meta-analyses of observational studies. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane database to obtain systematic reviews and meta-analyses of associations between coffee intake and cancer incidence. For each association, we estimated the summary effect size using the fixed- and random-effects model, the 95% confidence interval, and the 95% prediction interval. We also assessed heterogeneity, evidence of small-study effects, and excess significance bias. RESULTS: Twenty-eight individual meta-analyses including 36 summary associations for 26 cancer sites were retrieved for this umbrella review. A total of 17 meta-analyses were significant at P ≤ 0.05 in the random-effects model. For the highest versus lowest categories, 4 of 26 associations had a more stringent P value (P ≤ 10- 6). Associations for five cancers were significant in dose-response analyses. Most studies (69%) showed low heterogeneity (I2 ≤ 50%). Three and six associations had evidence of excessive significance bias and publication bias, respectively. Coffee intake was inversely related to the risk of liver cancer and endometrial cancer and was characterized by dose-response relationships. There were no substantial changes when we restricted analyses to meta-analysis of cohort studies. CONCLUSIONS: There is highly suggestive evidence for an inverse association between coffee intake and risk of liver and endometrial cancer. Further research is needed to provide more robust evidence for cancer at other sites.

8.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 81: 106266, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is an effective therapeutic strategy for lymphoma patients. However, some patients have to give up receiving transplantation because of failing to obtain sufficient CD34+ cells yields. Therefore, we ex vivo expanded HSCs of lymphoma patients using UM171 to solve the problem of HSCs deficiency. METHODS: Mobilized peripheral blood-derived CD34+ cells from lymphoma patients were cultured for 10 days with or without UM171. The fold of cell expansion and the immunophenotype of expanded cells were assessed by flow cytometry. RNA-seq experiment was performed to identify the mechanism by which UM171 promoted HSCs expansion. RESULTS: UM171 treatment increased the proportion of CD34+ (68.97 ± 6.91%), CD34+ CD38- cells (44.10 ± 9.20%) and CD34+CD38-CD45RA-CD90+ LT-HSCs (3.05 ± 2.08%) compared to vehicle treatment (36.08 ± 11.14%, 18.30 ± 9.49% and 0.56 ± 0.45%, respectively). UM171 treatment led to an 85.08-fold increase in LT-HSC numbers relative to initial cells. Importantly, UM171 promoted expansion of LT-HSCs achieved 138.57-fold in patients with poor mobilization. RNA-seq data showed that UM171 upregulated expression of HSC-, mast cell-specific genes and non-canonical Wnt signaling related genes, and inhibited genes expression of erythroid, megakaryocyte and inflammatory mediated chemokine. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that UM171 can efficiently promote ex vivo expansion of HSCs from lymphoma patients, especially for poorly mobilizing patients. In terms of mechanism, UM171 upregulate HSC-specific genes expression and suppress erythroid and megakaryocytic differentiation, as well as activate non-classical Wnt signaling.

9.
Peptides ; 127: 170268, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070683

RESUMO

Evidence accumulated over the past decades has revealed that red blood cells and hemoglobin (Hb) in the blood play important roles in modulating moods and emotions. The number of red blood cells affects the mood. Hb is the principal content in the red blood cells besides water. Denatured Hb is hydrolyzed to produce bioactive peptides. RVD-hemopressin α (RVD-Hpα), which is a fragment of α-chain (95-103) in Hb, functions as a negative allosteric modulator of cannabinoid receptor 1 and a positive allosteric modulator of cannabinoid receptor 2. Hemorphins, which are fragments of ß-chain in Hb, exert their effects on opioid receptors. Two hemorphins, namely, LVV-hemorphin-6 and LVV-hemorphin-7, could induce anxiolytic-like effects. The use of Hb-derived bioactive peptides for the treatment of mood disorders is desirable due to cannabinoid-opioid cross modulation and the critical roles of the two systems in physiological processes, such as memory, mood and emotion.

10.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2388, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024923

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

11.
Neuropharmacology ; 168: 107992, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036072

RESUMO

Effective treatment of inflammatory pain is a major clinical concern for both patients and physicians. Traditional analgesics such as morphine and coxibs are not effective in all patients and have various unwanted side effects. Accumulating evidence has suggested that endomorphins (EMs), particularly EM-1, possess potent anti-inflammatory effects. However, poor bioavailability and low resistance to enzymatic degradation impede their direct application in the treatment of inflammation. A series of novel peptides based on the structure of EM-1, with lower undesired effects than their parent compounds, called MEL-EMs were discovered and synthetized in our preceding studies. Here, we selected two (MEL-0614 and MEL-N1606) to further investigate their anti-inflammatory effects. This work showed that MEL analogs exerted potent analgesic effects with the inhibition of activated glial cells and macrophages in a CFA-induced inflammatory pain model. Furthermore, multiple-dose administration of MEL analogs did not prolong CFA-induced chronic inflammatory pain, in contrast to morphine. Together, our findings revealed that MEL analogs may serve as effective candidates for chronic inflammation treatment.

12.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-7, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961257

RESUMO

The use of inorganic copper in feed is hazardous. As probiotics of animals, Candida utilis can absorb copper ions and transform them to organic copper. This study aimed to domesticate the ability of C. utilis (CICC 32211) to absorb and transform copper ions. So, C. utilis (CICC 32211) was cultured in media with different concentrations of copper ions for 24, 48 and 72 h to identify the optimum copper ion concentration. C. utilis (CICC 32211) strains were domesticated for three generations, then the absorption and distribution of copper ions in the yeast cells were studied. We found that the optimum concentration of copper ions was 110 µg/mL. After 48 h, the number of yeast cells was low, but copper ion absorption efficiency was maximized (43.83%). Most of the enriched copper ions were distributed in the yeast cell wall (up to 30.58% when grown in the medium with 110 µg/mL copper ions), while the intracellular copper ion content was low (2.095%). High concentrations of copper ions affected the morphological structure, element content and distribution of yeast cells.

13.
Sci Total Environ ; 710: 136230, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927283

RESUMO

This paper investigates the effect of foliar application of sulfur on photosynthesis and antioxidative defense system of rice under the stress of Cd. The initial field studies showed that foliar spray of S was effective for reducing Cd concentration in rice and increasing the grain yield. However, the physiological mechanisms remain less clear on how the foliar application of S alleviates Cd toxicity in rice. Chlorophyll fluorescence, as a measure of photosynthesis, was taken to estimate the efficiency of photosystem II (PSII) photochemistry after the foliar application of S. The increase of photosynthetic parameters, i.e. the maximum photochemical efficiency of PSII reaction center (Fv/Fm), the actual PSII photochemical efficiency (ΦPSII), the photochemical quenching coefficient (qP), indicated that the foliar treatment alleviated the toxicity of Cd to PSII. The decrease of non-photochemical quenching coefficient (NPQ) indicated the increase of photochemical reaction efficiency with more absorbed light energy for photochemical reactions. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectra showed that the foliar treatment stimulated the syntheses of lignin, lipids, aliphatic acid, polysaccharides, carboxylate and proteins. Micrographs of transmission electron microscope (TEM) also revealed the reduced mobility of Cd in cells. Foliar application of S effectively reduced the damage of Cd stress by maintaining the integrity of cell structure and participating in metabolic activities such as protein synthesis.


Assuntos
Oryza , Fotossíntese , Cádmio , Clorofila , Folhas de Planta , Enxofre
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 2096-2102, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999242

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, facultatively anaerobic, flagellated and rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain SM1901T, was isolated from a brown algal sample collected from Kings Bay, Svalbard, Arctic. Strain SM1901T grew at -4‒30 °C and with 0-7.0 % (w/v) NaCl. It reduced nitrate to nitrite and hydrolysed DNA and Tween 80. Results of phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain SM1901T was affiliated with the genus Shewanella, showing the highest sequence similarity to the type strain of Shewanella litoralis (97.5%), followed by those of Shewanella vesiculosa, Shewanella livingstonensis and Shewanella saliphila (97.3 % for all three). The major cellular fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7с and/or C16 : 1 ω6с), C16 : 0, C18 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and C17 : 1 ω8с and the major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. The respiratory quinones were ubiquinones Q-7, Q-8, menaquinones MK-7(H) and MK-8. The genome of strain SM1901T was 4648537 nucleotides long and encoded a variety of cold adaptation related genes, providing clues for better understanding the ecological adaptation mechanisms of polar bacteria. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain SM1901T was 40.5 mol%. Based on the polyphasic evidence presented in this paper, strain SM1901T was considered to represent a novel species, constituting a novel psychrotolerant lineage out of the known SF clade encompassed by polar Shewanella species, within the genus Shewanella, for which the name Shewanella polaris sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SM1901T (=KCTC 72047T=MCCC 1K03585T).

15.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(2): 242-253, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682978

RESUMO

Although thymus-independent donor-derived T cell expansion may determine the occurrence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and relapse after transplantation, the characteristics and dynamics of the expansion process remain unclear. To address this issue, we monitored T cell receptor ß repertoire at day 0, day 28, and day 61 after transplantation in 30 patients with hematologic malignancies by next-generation sequencing. The clonality index showed an increasing clonality over time (P = .001). The top 200 clonotypes accounted for more than half of the total clonotypes (median frequency, 63.55%) at day 61, and there was a remarkable overlapping between the top 200 clonotypes of each repertoire and its former repertoire (>50%). A normalized index, called the T Cell Response Index (TCRI), was designed on the basis of rank-shift analysis to quantify antigen-driven expansion. The TCRI during the first month was not related to relapse or GVHD (P> .05), whereas the TCRI during the second month was related to relapse (P = .006). Recipients with a TCRI below 1.0 during the second month had a higher cumulative relapse rate (31.25% versus 0%, P = .0323) and had a lower 1-year survival rate (56.25% versus 78.57%, P = .281). The clonotypes with strong competitiveness in the second month in the nonrelapse group preferentially used TRBV2, TRBV12-3, TRBJ1-1 and TRBJ1-5 segments (P< .01). In conclusion, homeostatic expansion predominates in the first month due to nonspecific T cell proliferation, whereas antigen-driven expansion predominates in the second month and results in a graft-versus-tumor (GvT) effect. Moreover, TCRI could serve as a quantitative indicator of GvT against relapse within the first year. The difference in V and J segment usage reveals that T cells responsible for potent GvT effect are similar among patients.

16.
Acta Biomater ; 101: 344-356, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706041

RESUMO

The primary functions of the conjunctiva embody ocular surface protection and the maintenance of the tear film equilibrium. Severe conjunctival defects such as symblepharon may impair the integrity of ocular surface and cause loss of visual functions. Here we report the use of a decellularized porcine conjunctiva (DPC) for conjunctival reconstruction in rabbit models and in clinic. Our results show that the major xenoantigens are efficiently removed, while abundant matrix components and integrated microstructures are well preserved in the DPC. These characteristics provide mechanical support and favorable histocompatibility for repairing damaged conjunctiva. The DPC application has demonstrated enhanced transplant stability and improved epithelial regeneration in severe ocular surface damage comparing to those of amniotic membrane (AM), the most frequently applied matrix for ocular surface reconstruction nowadays. In order to test the DPC performance in clinic, three patients with pterygium and one patient with symblepharon underwent transplant with DPC. The grafts in all cases were completely re-epithelized and no graft melt or fibroplasia were observed. These results suggest that the strategy we developed is feasible and effective for conjunctival reconstruction and ocular surface repair. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: In this study, we adopted an innovative approach to prepare decellularized porcine conjunctiva (DPC). The intricate conjunctiva-specific structures and abundant matrix components were preserved in DPC, which offers favorable mechanical properties for graft. DPC has shown positive effects in ocular surface repair, which has been proven particularly in a rabbit model with severe symblepharon. Reconstructed conjunctiva by DPC exhibited epithelial heterogeneity, extremely resembling that of native conjunctiva. In addition, results from clinical studies were encouraging for pterygium and symblepharon and clinical application of DPC is promising.

17.
J Hazard Mater ; 385: 121556, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711724

RESUMO

The widespread contamination and high poisonousness have created significant concerns and thus demands for facile, rapid and selective monitoring of trace Hg2+. Inspired from the unique aggregation-induced emission (AIE) feature, in the current study, novel tetraphenylethylene (TPE) derivatives are prepared containing sulfonic groups for water solubility modulation and carboxyl dithioacetals for Hg2+ sensing. The TPE derivatives are grafted on electrospun fiber as test papers to initiate the AIE activities, while the Hg2+-specific cleavage of dithioacetal groups leads to the release of TPE derivatives and fluorescence turn-off. The decrease in the fluorescence intensities of fibrous mats could be fitted with Hg2+ levels for quantitative analysis, and the fibrous mats turn from green to bluish-green and then to blue in the presence of different Hg2+ levels. The limit of detection (LOD) reaches as low as 20 nM Hg2+, satisfying the threshold detection in drinking water, and the Hg2+ sensing indicates negligible interference from other metal ions and pH variations. The detected Hg2+ levels in lake water are consistent with the added amount with a recovery rate of over 98 %. It demonstrates a feasible strategy to integrate Hg2+-cleavable AIE probes on fibrous strips for real-time, highly specific and naked-eye detection of trace Hg2+.

18.
Br J Nutr ; 123(3): 337-346, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657292

RESUMO

Malnutrition and acute kidney injury (AKI) are common complications in hospitalised patients, and both increase mortality; however, the relationship between them is unknown. This is a retrospective propensity score matching study enrolling 46 549 inpatients, aimed to investigate the association between Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) and AKI and to assess the ability of NRS-2002 and AKI in predicting prognosis. In total, 37 190 (80 %) and 9359 (20 %) patients had NRS-2002 scores <3 and ≥3, respectively. Patients with NRS-2002 scores ≥3 had longer lengths of stay (12·6 (sd 7·8) v. 10·4 (sd 6·2) d, P < 0·05), higher mortality rates (9·6 v. 2·5 %, P < 0·05) and higher incidence of AKI (28 v. 16 %, P < 0·05) than patients with normal nutritional status. The NRS-2002 showed a strong association with AKI, that is, the risk of AKI changed in parallel with the score of the NRS-2002. In short- and long-term survival, patients with a lower NRS-2002 score or who did not have AKI achieved a significantly lower risk of mortality than those with a high NRS-2002 score or AKI. Univariate Cox regression analyses indicated that both the NRS-2002 and AKI were strongly related to long-term survival (AUC 0·79 and 0·71) and that the combination of the two showed better accuracy (AUC 0·80) than the individual variables. In conclusion, malnutrition can increase the risk of AKI and both AKI and malnutrition can worsen the prognosis that the undernourished patients who develop AKI yield far worse prognosis than patients with normal nutritional status.

19.
Appl Radiat Isot ; 156: 108971, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760345

RESUMO

To measure the neutron yield of D-T neutron generator, the activation foils of iron, copper and aluminum were used to be irradiated in the neutron field. The 14.1 MeV neutron yield was deduced by counting the characteristic γ-rays of radioisotopes produced by five nuclear reactions [56Fe(n,p)56Mn, 65Cu(n,2n)64Cu, 63Cu(n,2n)62Cu, 27Al(n,α)24Na, 27Al(n,p)27Mg]. The relationship between the neutron yield and the deuteron beam energy, beam current of the D-T neutron generator was measured by the BF3 proportional counter and the fluctuation of neutron yield under specified parameters was evaluated. Eleven activated iron foils were used to measure 14.1 MeV neutron yield at different angles of D-T neutron generator. The direction with the highest neutron flux is 30∘-45∘ along the beam direction and the neutron flux decreases gradually with the increase of angle. The measurements of neutron yield, stability and angular distribution of D-T neutron generator are significant for improving the accuracy of neutron activation analysis and neutron irradiation efficiency, as well as optimizing the neutron shielding design.

20.
J Hazard Mater ; 384: 121251, 2020 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581007

RESUMO

Thermal desorption was an efficient method for removal of decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) from contaminated soil, but some less brominated diphenyl ethers (tri- to hepta-BDEs) with high toxicity were detected in the effluent gas. Herein, a novel anodic alumina supported Fe-based catalyst was developed and applied for in-situ degradation of gaseous polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). The produced Fe/γ-Al2O3/Al catalyst was able to degrade PBDEs in the effluent gas, while a low activity with degradation efficiency of 70.1% was observed. As such, Cu was added into the Fe-based catalyst, and the effects of Cu loading on gaseous PBDEs degradation were systematically examined. A proper copper loading was found to increase the active Fe3O4 sites, thus improving the catalytic activity. Meanwhile, the degradation of gaseous PBDEs by Fe-based catalysts follows a pseudo-first-order model. A 90.2% PBDEs degradation efficiency was achieved at 375 °C on the optimized Fe/Cu/γ-Al2O3/Al catalyst, which demonstrated that the anodic alumina supported Fe and Cu was an excellent catalyst for gaseous PBDEs degradation system. Thus, this study provides a promising method and catalyst to achieve in-situ degradation of gaseous PBDEs.

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