Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 840
Filtrar
1.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(4): 913-921, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204863

RESUMO

Successful establishment of reconnection between retinal ganglion cells and retinorecipient regions in the brain is critical to optic nerve regeneration. However, morphological assessments of retinorecipient regions are limited by the opacity of brain tissue. In this study, we used an innovative tissue cleaning technique combined with retrograde trans-synaptic viral tracing to observe changes in retinorecipient regions connected to retinal ganglion cells in mice after optic nerve injury. Specifically, we performed light-sheet imaging of whole brain tissue after a clearing process. We found that pseudorabies virus 724 (PRV724) mostly infected retinal ganglion cells, and that we could use it to retrogradely trace the retinorecipient regions in whole tissue-cleared brains. Unexpectedly, PRV724-traced neurons were more widely distributed compared with data from previous studies. We found that optic nerve injury could selectively modify projections from retinal ganglion cells in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, intergeniculate leaflet, ventral lateral geniculate nucleus, central amygdala, basolateral amygdala, Edinger-Westphal nucleus, and oculomotor nucleus, but not the superior vestibular nucleus, red nucleus, locus coeruleus, gigantocellular reticular nucleus, or facial nerve nucleus. Our findings demonstrate that the tissue clearing technique, combined with retrograde trans-synaptic viral tracing, can be used to objectively and comprehensively evaluate changes in mouse retinorecipient regions that receive projections from retinal ganglion cells after optic nerve injury. Thus, our approach may be useful for future estimations of optic nerve injury and regeneration.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 158795, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115405

RESUMO

Simultaneous removal of ammonium and nitrate was achieved in a methane-fed moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR). In the reactor, methanotrophic microorganisms oxidized methane under hypoxic conditions likely to methanol, hence providing an electron donor to denitrifiers to reduce nitrate to nitrite that then allowed anaerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria (Anammox) to remove excess ammonium as N2. The ammonium and nitrate removal rates reached 72.09 ± 5.81 mgNH4+-N/L/d and 62.61 ± 4.17 mgNO3--N/L/d when the MBBR was operated in continuous mode. Nitrate removal by the methane-fed mixed consortia was confirmed in a batch test revealing a CH4/NO3- molar removal ratio of 1.15. The functional populations were unveiled by FISH analysis and 16S rRNA gene sequencing, which showed that the biofilm was dominated by Anammox bacteria (Candidatus Kuenenia) and diverse taxa associated with the capacity for denitrification: aerobic methanotrophs (Methylobacter, Methylomonas, and unclassified Methylococcaceae), methylotrophic denitrifiers (Opitutaceae and Methylophilaceae), and other heterotrophic denitrifiers (Ignavibacteriaceae, Anaerolineaceae, Comamonadaceae, Rhodocyclaceae and Thauera). Neither DAMO archaea nor DAMO bacteria were found in the sequencing analysis, indicating that more unknown community members possess the metabolic capacity of methanotrophic denitrification.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Methylococcaceae , Desnitrificação , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Biofilmes , Nitratos/metabolismo , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Anaerobiose , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Compostos de Amônio/metabolismo , Metano/metabolismo , Methylococcaceae/metabolismo , Bactérias Anaeróbias/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Oxirredução
3.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(21)2022 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36358596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The oncogenesis and progression of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is a complicated process involving several key molecules and factors, yet whether microbiota are present in EOC, and their role in the development of EOC, remains greatly unknown. METHODS: In this study, 30 patients were enrolled to compare the similarities and differences of intratumour microbiota among patients with epithelial benign ovarian tumours (EBOTs) and patients with EOC based on the high-throughput sequencing method. Subsequently, we further isolated the specific EOC-related bacteria and defined Propionibacterium acnes as a key strain in facilitating EOC progression. More importantly, we constructed a mouse EOC model to evaluate the effect of the P. acnes strain on EOC using immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, and RT-qPCR. RESULTS: The high-throughput sequencing showed that the intratumour microbiota in EOC tissues had a higher microbial diversity and richness compared to EBOT tissues. The abundance of previously considered pathogens, Actinomycetales, Acinetobacter, Streptococcus, Ochrobacterium, and Pseudomonadaceae Pseudomonas, was increased in the EOC tissues. Meanwhile, we discovered the facilitating role of the P. acnes strain in the progression of EOC, which may be partially associated with the increased inflammatory response to activate the hedgehog (Hh) signalling pathway. This microbial-induced EOC progression mechanism is further confirmed using the inhibitor GANT61. CONCLUSIONS: This study profiled the intratumour microbiota of EBOT and EOC tissues and demonstrated that the diversity and composition of the intratumour microbiota were significantly different. Furthermore, through in vivo and in vitro experiments, we confirmed the molecular mechanism of intratumour microbiota promotion of EOC progression in mice, which induces inflammation to activate the Hh signalling pathway. This could provide us clues for improving EOC treatment.

4.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(11): 960, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385135

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is currently one of the commonest tumors and the main reason for cancer-related deaths worldwide. It has been reported that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) act as important indicators and regulators in various cancers. There is an urgent need to explore new lncRNA biomarkers in CRC, as well as their functions and molecular mechanisms. NALT1 has been implicated in the occurrence of gastric cancer (GC). However, the detailed function and mechanism of NALT1 in CRC progress have not been reported. In this study, RT-qPCR was conducted to detect the expression of NALT1 in 76 CRC patients ranging from stages I through IV. To assess the biological function of NALT1, loss- and gain-of-function experiments were conducted both in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, RNA-seq, bioinformatics analysis, RNA pulldown assay, dual-luciferase reporter, Ago2-RIP, quantitative PCR, Western blot assays, and rescue experiments were performed to reveal the molecular mechanisms of competitive endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs). It was observed that high expression of NALT1 was markedly correlated with advanced cancer stage in the clinic. Functionally, NALT1 downregulation inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion, whereas NALT1 overexpression exhibited an opposite trend both in vivo and in vitro. Bioinformatics analysis, RNA pulldown, Ago2-RIP, and luciferase reporter assays showed that miRNA-574-5p was a target of NALT1. Additionally, dual-luciferase reporter assays, Ago2-RIP, and rescue experiments indicated that miRNA-574-5p could target the PEG10 gene directly. Our results suggested that NALT1 promoted CRC proliferation and migration by sponging miRNA-574-5p to upregulate PEG10 expression, and implied that NALT1 might act as a promising biomarker and therapeutic target for CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo
5.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1028001, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36325018

RESUMO

In the current study, we assessed the effects of antibacterial peptide-producing Bacillus subtilis (BS), gallic acid (GA) and cellulase (CL) on the fermentation quality and bacterial community of various varieties of whole-plant corn silage. Three different varieties of whole-plant corn (Yuqing386, Enxiai298, and Nonghe35) were treated with 0.02% BS (fresh material basis), 0.2% GA (fresh material basis) and 0.02% CL (fresh material basis), after which 45 days of anaerobic fermentation were conducted. With the exception of its low dry matter content, the results showed that Yuqing386's crude protein, water-soluble carbohydrate, and lactic acid contents were significantly higher than those of the other two corn varieties. However, its acid detergent fiber and cellulose contents were significantly lower than those of the other two corn varieties. Among the three corn variety silages, Yuqing386 had the highest relative abundance of Lactobacillus at the genus level and the biggest relative abundance of Firmicutes at the phylum level. In addition, the three additives markedly enhanced the quantity of dry matter and crude protein as compared to the control group. The application of GA considerably decreased the level of neutral detergent fiber while significantly increasing the content of lactic acid and water-soluble carbohydrates. Even though all additives enhanced the structure of the bacterial community following silage, the GA group experienced the greatest enhancement. On a phylum and genus level, the GA group contains the highest relative abundance of Firmicutes and Lactobacillus, respectively. Overall, of the three corn varieties, Yuqing386 provides the best silage qualities. GA has the biggest impact among the additions employed in this experiment to enhance the nutritional preservation and fermentation quality of whole-plant corn silage.

6.
Front Genet ; 13: 924877, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204320

RESUMO

Schistosoma mansoni is a flatworm that causes schistosomiasis, a neglected tropical disease that affects over 200 million people worldwide. New therapeutic targets are needed with only one drug available for treatment and no vaccine. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides with low or no protein-coding potential. In other organisms, they have been shown as involved with reproduction, stem cell maintenance and drug resistance, and they tend to exhibit tissue-specific expression patterns. S. mansoni expresses thousands of lncRNA genes; however, the cell type expression patterns of lncRNAs in the parasite remain uncharacterized. Here, we have re-analyzed publicly available single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) data obtained from adult S. mansoni to identify the lncRNAs signature of adult schistosome cell types. A total of 8023 lncRNAs (79% of all lncRNAs) were detected. Analyses of the lncRNAs expression profiles in the cells using statistically stringent criteria were performed to identify 74 lncRNA gene markers of cell clusters. Male gamete and tegument progenitor lineages clusters contained most of the cluster-specific lncRNA markers. We also identified lncRNA markers of specific neural clusters. Whole-mount in situ hybridization (WISH) and double fluorescence in situ hybridization were used to validate the cluster-specific expression of 13 out of 16 selected lncRNA genes (81%) in the male and female adult parasite tissues; for one of these 16 gene loci, probes for two different lncRNA isoforms were used, which showed differential isoform expression in testis and ovary. An atlas of the expression profiles across the cell clusters of all lncRNAs detected in our analysis is available as a public website resource (http://verjolab.usp.br:8081). The results presented here give strong support to a tissue-specific expression and to a regulated expression program of lncRNAs in S. mansoni. This will be the basis for further exploration of lncRNA genes as potential therapeutic targets.

7.
Anal Methods ; 14(42): 4230-4235, 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36245422

RESUMO

Here we successfully developed a kind of carbon dot (CD), which emitted obvious orange-fluorescence, based on the hydrothermal method while polyacrylic acid was employed as the carbon source. The developed CDs have been equipped with multiple functional groups such as CO, -OH and -COOH, facilitating the possibility of interacting with potential targets. Meaningfully, the introduction of silver ions induced the fluorescence quenching of the as-prepared CDs. Meanwhile, the proposed CDs achieved detection of Ag+ with a linear range of 2.0 × 10-6 to 1.0 × 10-3 M at a detection limit of 1.8 × 10-6 M. Moreover, the further addition of glyphosine gradually recovered the fluorescence accompanied by the concentration of glyphosine varying from 7 × 10-6 to 10-2 M with a detection limit of 6.2 × 10-6 M. Thereby, the CDs prepared here show potential for broadening the avenues for detecting Ag+ and glyphosine.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis , Praguicidas , Pontos Quânticos , Carbono , Prata/análise , Íons/análise , Praguicidas/análise
8.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 51(5): 707-719, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36222030

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe beverages intake and its association with myopia among 11-14-year-old children in China. METHODS: Multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling was used and children aged 11 to 14 years were selected from 28 cities and rural areas in 14 provinces in China, and a total of 12 397 children were included in this study. Information including demographic characteristics, myopia status, dietary intake, physical activity, screen time, sleep duration were collected from questionnaire survey. RESULTS: During 2019-2021, the prevalence of myopia among children aged 11 to 14 in China was 45.0%. The median beverages intake was 42.7 g/d. Children who did not drink beverages and whose beverages intake was <150 g/d and ≥150 g/d accounted for 42.8%, 44.8% and 48.4%, respectively. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that girls' beverages intake ≥150 g/d was still a risk factor for the prevalence of myopia after controlling for confounding factors such as age, area, physical activity, screen time, sleep duration and intake of sugary food(OR=1.24, 95%CI 1.08-1.42, P<0.05). Among children with myopia, mild myopia, moderate and above myopia accounted for 71.6% and 28.4% among boys and 73.8% and 26.3% among girls, respectively. There was no statistically significant regression between beverages intake and myopia in boys and girls regardless of whether confounding factors were adjusted(P >0.05). CONCLUSION: Children's beverages intake was generally common in China in 2019-2021. Children who consumed higher beverages were more likely to have myopia than that did not consume beverages.


Assuntos
Bebidas , Miopia , Adolescente , Asiáticos , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Ingestão de Alimentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Miopia/epidemiologia , Miopia/etiologia
9.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 5123933, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36277001

RESUMO

Background: Propofol combined with remifentanil is the most common anesthesia method in laparoscopic hysteromyomectomy. However, whether the combination of the two is helpful to patients undergoing hysteromyomectomy still requires unclear. Objective: To determine the effect of parecoxib sodium combined with dexmedetomidine on analgesia and postoperative pain of patients undergoing hysteromyomectomy. Methods: Altogether, 72 patients receiving hysteromyomectomy in our hospital from February 2017 to March 2019 were enrolled. Among them, 35 patients treated with parecoxib sodium were assigned to the control group, while the rest 37 patients treated with parecoxib sodium combined with dexmedetomidine were assigned to the research group. The following items of the two groups were evaluated: visual analog scale (VAS) score, mechanical pain threshold (MPT), Riker sedation-agitation scale (RSAS) score, and expression of serum cortisol and melatonin. Results: At 12 and 24 h after operation, the VAS score of the research group was lower than that of the control group (P < 0.05), and at 6, 12, and 24 h after operation, the MPT of the research group was notably higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05). In addition, at 10 min after extubation, the research group got notably lower RSAS score than the control group (P < 0.05). Before extubation and at 20 min after extubation, the research group showed notably higher melatonin expression and notably lower serum cortisol expression than the control group (both P < 0.05). Conclusion: Parecoxib sodium combined with dexmedetomidine can effectively control the postoperative pain of patients undergoing hysteromyomectomy, reduce the incidence of agitation, and effectively control serum cortisol and melatonin in them.


Assuntos
Analgesia , Dexmedetomidina , Melatonina , Propofol , Humanos , Dexmedetomidina/uso terapêutico , Remifentanil , Hidrocortisona , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle
10.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 999950, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36278179

RESUMO

Heart failure is the end stage of various cardiovascular diseases. Fangjihuangqi Decoction (FJHQD) is a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, which is clinically effective in the treatment of chronic heart failure. However, the anti-heart failure ingredients of FJHQD have not been clarified, and the related mechanisms of action are rarely studied. In the present study, through quantification analysis of heart rate and ventricular area changes, a heart failure model and cardiac function evaluation system in cardiomyocytes-labelled Tg (cmlc2: eGFP) transgenic zebrafish larvae were constructed, and the anti-heart failure index (AHFI) that can comprehensively evaluate the cardiac function of zebrafish was proposed. Based on this model, FJHQD, its mainly botanical drugs, components and ingredients were evaluated for the anti-heart failure effects. The results showed that FJHQD and its botanical drugs exhibited potent anti-heart failure activity. Furthermore, total alkaloids from Stephania tetrandra S. Moore, total flavonoids from Astragalus mongholicus Bunge and total flavonoids from Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. ex DC. were identified to be the main components exerting the anti-heart failure activity of FJHQD. Then, we screened the main ingredients of these components, and glycyrrhizic acid, licochalcone A and calycosin were found to exhibit excellent cardioprotective effects. Finally, we found that FJHQD, glycyrrhizic acid, licochalcone A and calycosin may improve cardiac function in zebrafish by regulating oxidative stress, inflammatory response and apoptosis-related pathways. Taken together, our findings offer biological evidences toward the anti-heart failure effect of FJHQD, and provide guidance for the clinical application of FJHQD.

11.
Front Public Health ; 10: 987372, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36311563

RESUMO

Background: COVID-19 has impacted adolescents' interpersonal relationships, life attitudes, and mental health during the past 3 years. However, previous studies predominantly focused on negative problems, while few studies assessed the situation of teenagers from the perspective of positive psychology. Therefore, this study explores the creativity level of Chinese college students during the COVID-19 pandemic, the relationship between sleep quality and creativity, and the mediating role of executive function. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted across six colleges in Heilongjiang in China, with a sample of 4,258 college students recruited via stratified cluster sampling. Data were collected through an online survey. A mediation model was constructed, and SPSS PROCESS macro was used to analyze the data. Results: The creativity score of Chinese college students during the COVID-19 pandemic was 106.48 ± 13.61. Correlation analysis demonstrated that sleep quality correlated negatively with creativity (r = -0.08, P < 0.01) but positively with executive function (r=0.45, P < 0.01), whilst executive function correlated negatively with creativity (r = -0.10, P < 0.01). Moreover, the mediation model revealed that executive function partially mediated the relationship between sleep quality and creativity in college students (indirect effect = -0.017, SE = 0.004, 95% CI = [-0.025, -0.008]). Executive function accounted for 48.6% of the variance in college students' creativity. Conclusion: School administrators should implement measures such as sleep education to enhance students' sleep quality. Concurrently, curriculum and assessment implementation should enhance executive function. Such measures can contribute to improved student creativity, thus helping students overcome the negative emotional impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adolescente , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Estudos Transversais , Função Executiva , Qualidade do Sono , Estudantes/psicologia , China/epidemiologia
12.
Autoimmun Rev ; : 103213, 2022 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36252932

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with multiple organs involvement, abundant autoantibodies, complement activation, and immune complexes depositions. By regulating inflammation and immune homeostasis, cytokines have been well documented to participate in the pathogenesis of SLE. A number of studies have shown that T helper 2 (Th2)-associated immunity plays an important role in autoimmune diseases, including SLE. Key molecules underlying Th2-related immunity are expected to serve as promising targets for the diagnosis and targeted treatment of SLE. Current progress in SLE pathogenesis and biological treatment strategies has been reviewed, focusing on the latest development in Th2-associated immunity.

13.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(10): 4480-4488, 2022 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36224134

RESUMO

The succession of dominant species always occurs during cyanobacterial blooms because there are certain conditions for cyanobacterial blooms formed by different cyanobacteria; this results in more uncertain and complex effects in cyanobacterial blooms. However, the succession pattern and consequences of dominant species and its driving factors have not received enough attention during cyanobacteria blooms. In this study, the phytoplankton community characteristics and water environment factors of Nanpeng Reservoir, a drinking water source in Chongqing, were monitored and analyzed from April to September 2018. The results showed that:① a total of 108 species of phytoplankton belonging to 59 genera and 8 phyla were identified in Nanpeng Reservoir. Of this, 13 species of 4 phyla were identified as dominant species, among which the dominance index of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii was the highest, followed by that of Pseudoanabaena sp. ② The most dominant cyanobacteria were Pseudoanabaena and Cylindrospermopsis in May and July, respectively, in which cyanobacteria density peaked, whereas the Shannon-Weiner diversity and Pielou evenness were significantly lower than those in the other months. ③ NMDS results showed that the correlation between Cylindrospermopsis or Pseudoanabaena and the ambient phytoplankton community was 0.58 and 0.48, respectively. Moreover, the VPA results showed that 47.51% of the community variation could be explained by environmental factors, and only 12.04% and 12.74% of variation in community composition could be explained by Cylindrospermopsis and Pseudoanabaena, respectively. ④ The abundance of Cylindrospermopsis was significantly positively affected by WT, pH, and RUEN and negatively affected by SD and RUEP. However, the abundance of Pseudoanabaena was significantly positively affected by permanganate index and negatively affected by EC and DO. These results suggested that both dominating cyanobacteria had significant effects on the surrounding phytoplankton community. Relative to that of Pseudoanabaena, however, Cylindrospermopsis had a more obvious impact on the aquatic ecosystem. Moreover, the synergistic effect of N limitation and warming of the water column may have caused the replacement of Pseudoanabaena with Cylindrospermopsis to form a dominant population.


Assuntos
Cianobactérias , Água Potável , Ecossistema , Eutrofização , Fitoplâncton
14.
Sci Total Environ ; : 159402, 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36240922

RESUMO

To widely promote freshwater production through seawater desalination, renewable energy is expected to replace traditional fossil energy to drive seawater desalination. Based on the input list of components and materials, this study attempts to quantify greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of photovoltaic-driven seawater desalination projects through replacing traditional thermal power plants and evaluate GHG emission reduction potentials by comparing the thermal- and photovoltaic-driven seawater desalination project. The GHG emission of photovoltaic-driven seawater desalination project could be reduced by 94.97 % compared with thermal-driven seawater desalination projects, and the GHG emission per unit water production is reduced by 9.8 kg CO2-eq/ton, which could greatly reduce GHG emissions in the whole life cycle. In addition, it is estimated that the large-scale application of photovoltaic power stations in LT-MED seawater desalination project can reduce GHG emissions of 1.61E+05- 3.86E+06 t CO2-eq per year. Through the payback period assessment, the combination of photovoltaic power station and thermal power plant to drive the seawater desalination project can offset the GHG emission of 7.94E+03 t CO2-eq, and the payback period of photovoltaic-driven seawater desalination project is 0.33 years. Using renewable energy instead of traditional thermal energy can reduce the fossil fuel combustion and GHG emissions during the water desalination processes, which provides essential references for the low-carbon transition and energy-saving in seawater desalination projects in China's coastal areas.

15.
Int J Legal Med ; 2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36303078

RESUMO

Whiplash injury is common in traffic accidents, and severe whiplash is characterized by cervical spinal cord injuries with cervical dislocation or fracture, that can be diagnosed by postmortem computed tomography (PMCT), postmortem magnetic resonance (PMMR), or conventional autopsy. However, for cervical spinal cord injury without fracture and dislocation, PMMR can be more informative because it provides higher resolution of soft tissues. We report the case of a 29-year-old male who died immediately following a traffic accident, in which the vehicle hit an obstacle at a high speed, causing deformation of the bumper and severe damage of the vehicle body. PMCT indicated no significant injuries or diseases related to death, but PMMR showed patchy abnormal signals in the medulla oblongata, and the lower edge of the cerebellar tonsil was herniated out of the foramen magnum. The subsequent pathological and histological results confirmed that death was caused by medulla oblongata contusion combined with cerebellar tonsillar herniation. Our description of this case of a rare but fatal whiplash injury in which there was no fracture or dislocation provides a better understanding of the potentially fatal consequences of cervical spinal cord whiplash injury without fracture or dislocation and of the underlying lethal mechanisms. Compared with PMCT, PMMR provides important diagnostic information in forensic practice for the identification of soft tissue injuries, and is therefore an important imaging modality for diagnosis of whiplash injury when there is no fracture or dislocation.

16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(20)2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36292953

RESUMO

Gene arrangement (relative location of genes) is another evolutionary marker of the mitogenome that can provide extensive information on the evolutionary mechanism. To explore the evolution of gene arrangements in the mitogenome of diversified Ensifera, we sequenced the mitogenome of the unique dune cricket species found in China and used it for phylogenetic analysis, in combination with 84 known Ensiferan mitogenomes. The mitogenome of Schizodactylus jimo is a 16,428-bp circular molecule that contains 37 genes. We identified eight types of gene arrangement in the 85 ensiferan mitogenomes. The gene location changes (i.e., gene translocation and duplication) were in three gene blocks: I-Q-M-ND2, rrnl-rns-V, and ND3-A-R-N-S-E-F. From the phylogenetic tree, we found that Schizodactylus jimo and most other species share a typical and ancient gene arrangement type (Type I), while Grylloidea has two types (Types II and III), and the other five types are rare and scattered in the phylogenetic tree. We deduced that the tandem replication-random loss model is the evolutionary mechanism of gene arrangements in Ensifera. Selection pressure analysis revealed that purifying selection dominated the evolution of the ensiferan mitochondrial genome. This study suggests that most gene rearrangements in the ensiferan mitogenome are rare accidental events.


Assuntos
Genoma Mitocondrial , Ortópteros , Animais , Ordem dos Genes , Genoma Mitocondrial/genética , Ortópteros/genética , Filogenia , Rearranjo Gênico , Aves
17.
J Cogn Neurosci ; 34(12): 2375-2389, 2022 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069658

RESUMO

The capacity for the implicit learning/processing of complex grammar with nonadjacent dependencies is an important feature of human language learning. In this fMRI study, using an implicit AGL paradigm, we explored the neural basis of the implicit learning of the nonadjacent dependency rule, disentangling from sequence-based chunk knowledge (i.e., local sequential regularities or substring) by focusing on the low chunk strength items (which were naturally less similar to training strings), based on tracking neural responses during training and test phases. After listening to and memorizing a series of strings of 10 syllables generated from nonadjacent artificial grammar in the training phase, participants implicitly acquired the knowledge of grammar and chunks. Regarding grammaticality, Broca's area was specifically related to low chunk strength grammatical strings relative to nongrammatical strings in the test phase. This region showed decreased activity with time in the training phase, and a lesser decrease in activity was associated with higher performance in grammar learning. Furthermore, Broca's area showed significantly higher strength of functional connectivity with the left superior temporal gyrus in the low chunk strength grammatical string compared with nongrammatical strings, and this functional connectivity increased with the training time. For the chunks, the performance of accurate discrimination of high chunk strength from low chunk strength nongrammatical strings was predicted by hippocampal activity in the training phase. Converging evidence from the training and test phases showed that Broca's area and its functional connectivity with the left superior temporal gyrus were engaged in the implicit learning/processing of the nonadjacent dependency rule, separating the effects of chunks.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Linguística , Humanos , Aprendizagem/fisiologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética
18.
Anal Chem ; 94(40): 14054-14060, 2022 10 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36174111

RESUMO

In this work, we utilized polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) derivatives as ligands to develop a zinc-based metal-organic framework (Zn-MOF) as an effective detection probe to construct an electrochemiluminescence (ECL) sensor for trenbolone detection. As traditional ECL emitters, PAHs and their derivatives have limited luminescence efficiency because of the aggregation-induced quenching (ACQ) effect. Therefore, Zn-PTC was designed by the coordination of 3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylic (PTC) in the MOF to eliminate the ACQ effect. Meanwhile, Zn-PTC formed based on an aromatic ligand possessed the metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (MLCT) effect, which could transfer the energy of Zn2+ to the aromatic ligand for strong luminescence. The ECL efficiency of Zn-PTC was calculated to be approximately 2.2 times that of the ligand (K4PTC). Second, the Ag@Fe core-shell bimetallic nanocrystal was prepared for efficient activation of persulfate (S2O82-), thereby generating more sulfate radicals (SO4•-) to further promote ECL emission. According to ECL characterizations, UV-vis and fluorescence spectra, and density functional theory calculations, the luminescence and signal amplification mechanisms were investigated. In addition, NKFRGKYKC (NKF) was introduced as an affinity ligand to directionally immobilize the target antibodies, thus releasing specific sites in their Fab fragment to enhance binding activity. Based on the above strategies, the constructed biosensor exhibited high sensitivity, realizing trace detection of TBE with a wide detection range (10 fg/mL-100 ng/mL) and a low detection limit (3.28 fg/mL). This study provided an important reference for sensitive monitoring of steroid pollutants in the environment.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Poluentes Ambientais , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Fragmentos Fab das Imunoglobulinas , Ligantes , Limite de Detecção , Medições Luminescentes , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Sulfatos , Acetato de Trembolona , Zinco
19.
Antiviral Res ; 207: 105421, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36150523

RESUMO

Orthobunyaviruses have been reported to cause severe diseases in humans or animals, posing a potential threat to human health and socio-economy. Ebinur lake virus (EBIV) is a newly classified orthobunyavirus, which can induce the histopathogenic change and even the high mortality of infected BALB/c mice. Therefore, it is needed to further study the viral replication and pathogenesis, and develop the therapies to cope with its potential infection to human or animals. Here, through the reverse genetics system, the recombinant EBIV of wild type (rEBIV/WT) and NP-conjugated-eGFP (rEBIV/eGFP/S) were rescued for the application of the high-content screening (HCS) of antiviral drug. The eGFP fluorescence signal of the rEBIV/eGFP/S was stable in the process of successive passage in BHK-21 cells (over 10 passages) and this recombinant virus could replicate in various cell lines. Compared to the wild type EBIV, the rEBIV/eGFP/S caused the smaller plaques (diameter around 1 mm on 3 dpi) and lower peak titers (105 PFU/mL), suggesting attenuation due to the eGFP insertion. Through the high-content screening (HCS) system, two antiviral compounds, ribavirin and favipiravir, which previously reported to have effect to some bunyavirus were tested firstly. Ribavirin showed an inhibitory effect on the rEBIV/eGFP/S (EC50 = 14.38 µM) as our expect, while favipiravir with no inhibitory effect even using high doses. Furthermore, Tyrphostin A9 (EC50 = 0.72 µM for rEBIV/eGFP/S, EC50 = 0.05 µM for EBIV-WT) and UNC0638 (EC50 = 1.26 µM for rEBIV/eGFP/S, EC50 = 1.10 µM for rEBIV/eGFP/S) were identified with strong antiviral effect against EBIV in vitro from 150 antiviral compounds. In addition, the time-of-addition assay indicated that Tyrphostin A9 worked in the stage of viral post-infection, and the UNC0638 in all pre-, co-, and post-infection stages. This robust reverse genetics system will facilitate the investigation into the studying of viral replication and assembly mechanisms, and the development of drug and vaccine for EBIV in the future.


Assuntos
Orthobunyavirus , Amidas , Animais , Antivirais/farmacologia , Genes Reporter , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Pirazinas , Ribavirina/farmacologia , Tirfostinas , Replicação Viral
20.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 131: 54-66, 2022 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36174908

RESUMO

Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), an economically important cold-water fish cultured worldwide, suffers from infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) infection, resulting in huge financial losses. In order to understand the immune response of rainbow trout during virus infection, we explored trout intestine transcriptome profiles following IHNV challenge, and identified 3355 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and 80 differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs). Transcriptome analysis revealed numerous DEGs involved in immune responses, such as toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3), toll-like receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8), tripartite motif-containing 25 (TRIM25), DExH-Box helicase 58 (DHX58), interferon-induced with helicase C domain 1 (IFIH1), interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3/7), signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) and heat shock protein 90-alpha 1 (HSP90A1). Integrated analysis identified five key miRNAs (miR-19-y, miR-181-z, miR-203-y, miR-143-z and miR-206-y) targeting at least two important immune genes (TRIM25, DHX58, STAT1, TLR7/8 and HSP90A1). Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analyses showed that DEGs and target genes were significantly enriched in various immune-related terms including immune system process, binding, cell part and pathways of Toll-like receptor signalling, RIG-I-like receptor signalling, NOD-like receptor signalling, JAK-STAT signalling, PI3K-Akt signalling, NF-kappa B signalling, IL-17 signalling and AGE-RAGE signalling. In addition, protein-protein interaction networks (PPI) was used to display highly interactive DEG networks involving eight immune-related pathways. The expression trends of 12 DEGs and 10 DEMs were further verified by quantitative real-time PCR, which confirmed the reliability of the transcriptome sequencing results. This study expands our understanding of the immune response of rainbow trout infected with IHNV, and provides valuable resources for future studies on the immune molecular mechanism and disease resistance breeding.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...