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1.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 16(1): 416, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 46, XY disorders of sex development (46, XY DSD) are congenital disorders with 46, XY chromosomal karyotype but inconsistent gonadal/phenotypic sex. One of the biggest concerns for parents and clinicians is the gender assignment. However, there is no standard uniform of care nor consensus at present. We sought to evaluate the current treatment's rationality and provide a reference basis for the gender reassignment in 46, XY DSD patients with a specific diagnosis. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of gender role with the Pre-school Activities Inventory (PSAI), the Children's Sex Role Inventory (CSRI) in 46, XY DSD patients and set up control groups comparison. Psychiatrist assessed gender dysphoria in patients ≥ 8-year-old with the criteria of diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). RESULTS: A total of 112 responders of 136 patients participated in this study (82.4%, aged 2-17.8 years, median age: 4-year-old). The follow-up period was from 6 months to 10 years (median: 2 years). Twenty-five females were reassigned to the male gender after a specific diagnosis (16/25 (64%) in 5 alfa-reductase-2 deficiency (5α-RD2), 5/25 (20%) in partial androgen insensitivity syndrome (PAIS), 4/25 (16%) in NR5A1gene mutation). Male gender assignment increased from 55.3 (n = 62) to 77.7% (n = 87). The median PSAI score was similar to the control males in 5α-RD2, PAIS, and NR5A1 gene mutation groups (p > 0.05); while identical to the control females in complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS) and CYP17A1 gene mutation groups (p > 0.05). PSAI score of children raised as male was higher than those of CAIS and CYP17A1 groups raised as female (p < 0.05). CSRI scale showed no statistical differences in the consistency of gender roles and reassigned gender between 46, XY DSD patients and control groups (p > 0.05). None of the patients over 8-year-old (n = 44) had gender dysphoria. CONCLUSION: The reassigned gender in 46, XY DSD patients is consistent with their gender role during early childhood. None of them had gender dysphoria. The molecular diagnosis, gonadal function, and the gender reassignment are congruent within our Chinese cohort. Long-term follow-up and more evaluation are still required.

2.
J Cutan Pathol ; 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34632612

RESUMO

Recently, a distinctive group of S100 protein/CD34-positive spindle cell mesenchymal neoplasms characterized by a predominant lipofibromatosis-like neural pattern harboring recurrent gene rearrangements involving NTRK1-3, RAF1, RET, ROS1, ALK, and MET has been identified. BRAF rearrangements have been rarely documented in this group of neoplasms. Herein, we report a 54-year-old man with a 1.3-cm painless mass located in the subcutis of left back. The tumor was composed of mildly atypical, short-spindle shaped to ovoid cells with fascicles and whorls intervening between and admixed with the subcutaneous adipose tissues and nerve bundles. Focally abundant thick, band-like stromal hyalinization was also noted. The neoplastic cells showed diffuse reactivity for S100 protein and CD34 and multifocal immunopositivity for markers associated with perineurial differentiation including EMA, GLUT1, and claudin-1. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses demonstrated positive for BRAF rearrangement and negative for rearrangements involving NTRK1, RET, and ROS1. The tumor was narrowly excised and recurred after 24 months of follow-up. To our knowledge, we report the second case of BRAF-rearranged spindle cell mesenchymal tumor with predominant lipofibromatosis-like neural tumor pattern. Expression of markers associated with perineurial differentiation is exceptional and represents a potential diagnostic pitfall, which may cause significant diagnostic confusion with a peripheral nerve sheath tumor. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Diagn Pathol ; 16(1): 87, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soft tissue perineurioma of the kidney is rare, with only a few reported cases. We report two additional cases with histologic, immunohistochemical and genetic analyses. CASE PRESENTATION: Both tumors were from adults (1 female aged 49 years and 1 male aged 42 years) and grossly had maximum diameters of 6.5 and 10 cm, respectively. The tumors were overall well circumscribed but unencapsulated, with focally entrapped benign native renal tubules in one case; both tumors seemed to arise in the capsular areas. The tumors had histologic and immunohistochemical profiles consistent with soft tissue perineurioma. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses demonstrated that the tumors were negative for amplification of MDM2 and rearrangements of ESWR1, FUS, and KMT2A. Targeted next-generation sequencing revealed a low tumor mutation burden and likely pathogenic mutations (CYP2B6 and FLT1 mutations for 1 each). Follow-up data were available for both patients; neither had tumor recurrence or metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, renal perineurioma is rare, usually arises in the capsular areas, and is cured by resection. Low-grade dedifferentiated liposarcoma and low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma as well as other spindle cell lesions should be considered in the differential diagnosis.

4.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2101176, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605222

RESUMO

Most breast cancers at an advanced stage exhibit an aggressive nature, and there is a lack of effective anticancer options. Herein, the development of patient-derived organoids (PDOs) is described as a real-time platform to explore the feasibility of tailored treatment for refractory breast cancers. PDOs are successfully generated from breast cancer tissues, including heavily treated specimens. The microtubule-targeting drug-sensitive response signatures of PDOs predict improved distant relapse-free survival for invasive breast cancers treated with adjuvant chemotherapy. It is further demonstrated that PDO pharmaco-phenotyping reflects the previous treatment responses of the corresponding patients. Finally, as clinical case studies, all patients who receive at least one drug predicate to be sensitive by PDOs achieve good responses. Altogether, the PDO model is developed as an effective platform for evaluating patient-specific drug sensitivity in vitro, which can guide personal treatment decisions for breast cancer patients at terminal stage.

5.
Food Chem ; 371: 131176, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601212

RESUMO

Microbial fermentation is the critical step of Pu-erh tea manufacture, which will induce dramatic changes in the chemical composition and content of tea. In this research, we applied multi-methods based on UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS to profile the dynamic changes of oligopeptides, free amino acids, and derivatives (OPADs) during Pu-erh fermentation and predicted the potential bioactivities in silico. A total of 60 oligopeptides, 18 free amino acids, and 42 amino acid derivatives were identified, and the contents of most of them decreased after fermentation. But several N-acetyl amino acids increased 7-36 times after fermentation, and they might be the potential inhibitors of neurokinin-1 receptor. Moreover, the results of metamicrobiology showed Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus luchuensis were more prominent to metabolize protein, oligopeptides, and amino acids. Overall, these findings provide valuable insights about dynamic variations of OPADs during Pu-erh tea fermentation and are beneficial for guiding practical fermentation and quality control of Pu-erh tea.

6.
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol ; 35: 20587384211048565, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620001

RESUMO

Dedifferentiated liposarcoma is a unique subtype of liposarcoma, which has obvious histological heterogeneity. In affected patients, the condition typically manifests as the dedifferentiation of high-grade histological morphology, but it may also manifest as the dedifferentiation of low-grade histological morphology. In some cases, unique histological or immunophenotypic characteristics are observed. We describe, herein, a rare case of dedifferentiated liposarcoma, in which the high-grade and low-grade dedifferentiated components coexisted with a relatively sharp transition in pathology.

7.
Biomaterials ; 278: 121169, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626937

RESUMO

In the early stage of osteoarthritis (OA), cartilage degradation in the surface region leads to superficial cartilage defect. However, enhancing the regeneration of cartilage defect remains a great challenge for existing hydrogel technology because of the weak adhesion to wet tissue. In the present study, an injectable mussel-inspired highly adhesive hydrogel with exosomes was investigated for endogenous cell recruitment and cartilage defect regeneration. The hydrogel with high bonding strength to the wet surface was prepared using a crosslinked network of alginate-dopamine, chondroitin sulfate, and regenerated silk fibroin (AD/CS/RSF). Compared with commercial enbucrilate tissue adhesive, the AD/CS/RSF hydrogel provided a comparative lap shear strength of 120 kPa, with a similar gelation time and a higher capacity for maintaining adhesive strength. The AD/CS/RSF/EXO hydrogel with encapsulated exosomes recruited BMSCs migration and inflation, promoted BMSCs proliferation and differentiation. Most importantly, the AD/CS/RSF/EXO hydrogel accelerated cartilage defect regeneration in situ, and extracellular matrix remodeling after injection in rat patellar grooves. The exosomes released by the hydrogels could recruit BMSCs into the hydrogel and neo-cartilage via the chemokine signaling pathway. Our findings reveal an injectable and adhesive hydrogel for superficial cartilage regeneration, which is a promising approach for minimally treating cartilage defect with arthroscopic assistance.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639504

RESUMO

Studying an individual's emergency escape capability and its influencing factors is of great practical significance for evacuation and escape in subway emergencies. Taking Zhengzhou Zijing Mountain Subway station as the prototype, and using VR technology, a virtual subway fire escape scene was built. Combined with the total escape time, the total contact time with fire, and the total contact time with smoke, it proposed a calculation formula on emergency escape capability. A total of 34 participants with equal gender distribution were recruited to carry out the virtual subway fire escape experiment, and participants' physiological data (heart rate variability, skin conductance) were real-time recorded by ErgoLAB V3.0 throughout the whole experiment. The emergency escape capability of each participant was evaluated quantitatively, and the related influencing factors were analyzed. The results show that for the age ranges (19-22 years old) in the experiment, the emergency escape capability of women is significantly lower than that of men (p < 0.05); although there is no significance in emergency escape capability in DISC personality types (p > 0.05), the mean emergency escape capability of people with influence personality type is the worst, and that of people with compliance type is the best; during virtual fire escape vs. baseline, Mean_SC and Mean_HR both increased very significantly (all p < 0.01), and participants were under stress during their virtual fire escape. There is a significant negative correlation between emergency escape capability and LF_increase_rate (p < 0.05), and a remarkably significant negative correlation between emergency escape capability and LF/HF_increase_rate (p < 0.01); the greater the increase rate of LF or LF/HF, the smaller the emergency escape capability, with excessive stress probably not being conducive to emergency escape. There is a very significant negative correlation between an individual's emergency escape capability and the degree of familiarity with the Zijing Mountain subway station (p < 0.01). The findings provide references and suggestions on the emergency management and emergency evacuation for government and subway departments.

9.
Ageing Res Rev ; : 101483, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610479

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD), which is an irreversible neurodegenerative disorder characterized by senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, is the most common form of dementia worldwide. However, currently, there are no satisfying curative therapies for AD. The blood-brain barrier (BBB) acts as a selective physical barrier and plays protective roles in maintaining brain homeostasis. BBB dysfunction as an upstream or downstream event promotes the onset and progression of AD. Moreover, the pathogenesis of AD caused by BBB injury hasn't been well elucidated. Glial cells, BBB compartments and neurons form a minimal functional unit called the neurovascular unit (NVU). Emerging evidence suggests that glial cells are regulators in maintaining the BBB integrity and neuronal function. Illustrating the regulatory mechanism of glial cells in the BBB assists us in drawing a glial-vascular coupling diagram of AD, which may offer new insight into the pathogenesis of AD and early intervention strategies for AD. This review aims to summarize our current knowledge of glial-BBB interactions and their pathological implications in AD and to provide new therapeutic potentials for future investigations.

10.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611813

RESUMO

The generation of cardiomyocytes (CMs) and endothelial cells (ECs) from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) allows for precise modeling of cardiovascular disease using clinically relevant and patient-specific cells. Differentiation of human iPSCs into cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) and endothelial cells (iPSC-ECs) is governed by small molecules that regulate the WNT signaling pathway. Here we outline the detailed steps to generate iPSC-CMs and iPSC-ECs through small molecule-mediated monolayer differentiation.

11.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 7107705, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630738

RESUMO

Overexpression of C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) may promote homing of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). In this study, we treated ulcerative colitis animals with MSC preconditioned with or without H19 and compared the therapeutic effect of MSC and MSC-H19. We evaluated the regulatory relationship of H19 vs. miR-141/miR-139 and miR-141/miR-139 vs. ICAM-1/CXCR4. We established an ulcerative colitis mouse model to assess the effect of MSC and MSC-H19. H19 was found to bind to miR-141 and miR-139. The activity of H19 was strongly decreased in cells c-transfected with miR-141/miR-139 and WT H19. ICAM-1 was confirmed to be targeted by miR-141 and CXCR4 was targeted by miR-139. The H19 expression showed a negative regulatory relationship with the miR-141 and miR-139 expression but a positive regulatory relationship with the ICAM-1 and CXCR4 expression. In summary, the overexpression of H19 in MSC downregulated miR-139 and miR-141, thus increasing the activity of their targets ICAM-1 and CXCR4, respectively, to exhibit therapeutic effects in ulcerative colitis.

13.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 329, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471087

RESUMO

It's a challenge for detecting the therapeutic targets of a polypharmacological drug from variations in the responsed networks in the differentiated populations with complex diseases, as stable coronary heart disease. Here, in an adaptive, 31-center, randomized, double-blind trial involving 920 patients with moderate symptomatic stable angina treated by 14-day Danhong injection(DHI), a kind of polypharmacological drug with high quality control, or placebo (0.9% saline), with 76-day following-up, we firstly confirmed that DHI could increase the proportion of patients with clinically significant changes on angina-frequency assessed by Seattle Angina Questionnaire (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 20) (12.78% at Day 30, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.86-19.71%, P = 0.0003, 13.82% at Day 60, 95% CI 6.82-20.82%, P = 0.0001 and 8.95% at Day 90, 95% CI 2.06-15.85%, P = 0.01). We also found that there were no significant differences in new-onset major vascular events (P = 0.8502) and serious adverse events (P = 0.9105) between DHI and placebo. After performing the RNA sequencing in 62 selected patients, we developed a systemic modular approach to identify differentially expressed modules (DEMs) of DHI with the Zsummary value less than 0 compared with the control group, calculated by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), and sketched out the basic framework on a modular map with 25 functional modules targeted by DHI. Furthermore, the effective therapeutic module (ETM), defined as the highest correlation value with the phenotype alteration (ΔSAQ-AF, the change in SAQ-AF at Day 30 from baseline) calculated by WGCNA, was identified in the population with the best effect (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 40), which is related to anticoagulation and regulation of cholesterol metabolism. We assessed the modular flexibility of this ETM using the global topological D value based on Euclidean distance, which is correlated with phenotype alteration (r2: 0.8204, P = 0.019) by linear regression. Our study identified the anti-angina therapeutic module in the effective population treated by the multi-target drug. Modular methods facilitate the discovery of network pharmacological mechanisms and the advancement of precision medicine. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01681316).

14.
Surg Innov ; : 15533506211044389, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional computed tomography bronchography and angiography (3D-CTBA) provides detailed imaging information for pulmonary segmentectomy. This study was performed to verify the feasibility of 3D-CTBA-guided thoracoscopic segmentectomy for the treatment of pulmonary nodules. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on all patients who underwent 3D-CTBA-guided uniport thoracoscopic segmentectomies or subsegmentectomies for pulmonary nodules in the period from May 2019 to May 2020. All of the information related to perioperative management and surgical operations was retrieved from the medical records and operating notes for detailed analysis. RESULTS: A total of 104 eligible operations involving the resection of 110 nodules with diameters in the range of 5-20 mm were included. Under 3D-CTBA guidance, the pulmonary nodules were located with an accuracy of 100% (110/110) and the median resection margin was 24.3 mm (17-33 mm). Additionally, the segmental (subsegmental) bronchi, arteries, and veins were identified with accuracy rates of 100% (104/104), 96.2% (100/104), and 94.2% (98/104), respectively. The postoperative complications consisted of 3 cases of pulmonary infection (2.9%), 6 cases of arrhythmia (5.8%), 2 cases of hemoptysis (1.9%), 4 cases of air leak (3.8%), and 2 cases of subcutaneous emphysema (1.9%). No perioperative death occurred. CONCLUSION: 3D-CTBA-guided thoracoscopic segmentectomy is an effective surgical approach for the management of pulmonary nodules.

15.
Cancer Res ; 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518211

RESUMO

Oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) is an active metabolic pathway in many cancers. RNA from pre-treatment biopsies from patients with triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy demonstrated that the top canonical pathway associated with worse outcome was higher expression of an OXPHOS signature. In multiple TNBC patient-derived xenografts (PDXs), treatment with IACS-10759, a novel inhibitor of OXPHOS, stabilized tumor growth. Gene expression profiling revealed that all sensitive models displayed a basal-like 1 TNBC subtype, and expression of mitochondrial genes was significantly higher in sensitive PDXs. An in vivo functional genomics screen in tumors treated with IACS-10759 found several potential synthetic lethal targets, including CDK4. A combination of palbociclib, a CDK4/6 inhibitor, and IACS-10759 exhibited significant anti-tumor efficacy in vitro and in vivo. In addition, the combination of IACS-10759 and multi-kinase inhibitor cabozantinib had improved antitumor efficacy compared to either single agent. Taken together, these data suggest that OXPHOS is a metabolic vulnerability in TNBC that may be leveraged with novel therapeutics in combination regimens.

16.
Behav Neurol ; 2021: 2962792, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34580600

RESUMO

Background: Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T (rs1801133) gene polymorphisms are related to a growing risk of Alzheimer's disease; however, whether this association applies to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) remains unclear. Objective: We conducted this meta-analysis to evaluate the contribution of MTHFR C677T (rs1801133) gene variants to the risk of MCI. Methods: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were searched from their inception to March 21, 2021, with language restricted to English or Chinese. We used fixed or random effects to examine the association between MTHFR C677T (rs1801133) gene variants and MCI susceptibility. Forest plots of pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were generated. Results: Eight articles with 2,175 participants were included in the present meta-analysis. There was no significant association between MTHFR C677T (rs1801133) gene variants and MCI susceptibility under the allelic (OR, 1.318; 95% CI, 0.964-1.801; p = 0.084), dominant (OR, 1.296; 95% CI, 0.925-1.817; p = 0.132), recessive (OR, 1.397; 95% CI, 0.845-2.312; p = 0.193), heterozygous (OR, 1.031; 95% CI, 0.855-1.243; p = 0.749), or homozygous (OR, 1.506; 95% CI, 0.850-2.667; p = 0.160) models. Conclusion: The results suggest that MTHFR C677T (rs1801133) gene polymorphisms are not associated with MCI susceptibility. However, large-scale studies covering various factors are required.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Redutase (NADPH2) , Disfunção Cognitiva/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Redutase (NADPH2)/genética , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo Genético , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Fatores de Risco
17.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 341, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521812

RESUMO

Absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2) has been reported to be a component of inflammasomes in innate immune cells. Surprisingly, AIM2 is expressed by B cells, and higher AIM2 expression is observed in the B cells from lupus patients. To date, the inflammasome-independent function of AIM2 in B cells remains unclear. Here, we report increased expression of AIM2 in human tonsil memory and germinal center (GC) B cells and in memory B cells and plasma cells from the circulation and skin lesions of lupus patients. Conditional knockout of AIM2 in B cells reduces the CD19+ B-cell frequency in lymph nodes and spleens, and dampens KLH-induced IgG1-antibody production. In a pristane-induced mouse model of lupus, AIM2 deficiency in B cells attenuates lupus symptoms and reduces the frequency of GC B cells, T follicular helper (Tfh) cells, plasmablast cells, and plasma cells. Furthermore, the loss of AIM2 in human B cells leads to the increased expression of Blimp-1 and reduces the expression of Bcl-6. However, the silencing of Blimp-1 and Bcl-6 has no significant effect on AIM2 expression, indicating that AIM2 might be the upstream regulator for Blimp-1 and Bcl-6. In addition, IL-10 is found to upregulate AIM2 expression via DNA demethylation. Together, our findings reveal that AIM2 is highly expressed in the B cells of lupus patients and promotes B-cell differentiation by modulating the Bcl-6-Blimp-1 axis, providing a novel target for SLE treatment.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536564

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: C-reactive protein (CRP) is a hepatocyte-produced marker of inflammation yet with undefined function in liver injury. We aimed to examine the role of CRP in acetaminophen-induced liver injury (AILI). METHODS: The effects of CRP in AILI were investigated using CRP knockout mice and rats combined with human CRP rescue. The mechanisms of CRP action were investigated in vitro and in mice with Fcγ receptor 2B knockout, C3 knockout, or hepatic expression of CRP mutants defective in complement interaction. The therapeutic potential of CRP was investigated by intraperitoneal administration at 2 or 6 hours post-AILI induction in wild-type mice. RESULTS: CRP knockout exacerbated AILI in mice and rats, which could be rescued by genetic knock-in, adeno-associated virus-mediated hepatic expression or direct administration of human CRP. Mechanistically, CRP does not act via its cellular receptor Fcγ receptor 2B to inhibit the early phase injury to hepatocytes induced by acetaminophen; instead, CRP acts via factor H to inhibit complement overactivation on injured hepatocytes, thereby suppressing the late phase amplification of inflammation likely mediated by C3a-dependent actions of neutrophils. Importantly, CRP treatment effectively alleviated AILI with a significantly extended therapeutic time window than that of N-acetyl cysteine. CONCLUSION: Our results thus identify CRP as a crucial checkpoint that limits destructive activation of complement in acute liver injury, and we argue that long-term suppression of CRP expression or function might increase the susceptibility to AILI.

19.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the global population grows, large quantities of agrochemicals are used to secure food demand and there is an urgent need to develop efficient and environmentally friendly pesticides and fertilizers. Compared with traditional pesticides, nanopesticide formulations can achieve better foliar wettability, chemical stability, and water dispersibility without or with the minimal use of organic solvents, in line with the development of sustainable agriculture. RESULTS: In this research, glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) was used as an intermediate and glycine methyl ester (GLY) was used as an organic nitrogen source to modify carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) to synthesize a pesticide nanocarrier CMC-PGMA-GLY. A nanopesticide EB@CMC-PGMA-GLY (EB@CPG) was formed by the hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions of emamectin benzoate (EB), which had good water dispersion. The good affinity of the composite towards leaves led to the effective moistening of the leaf surface by the pesticide and through the pH control pesticide release. Biological experiments show that nanopesticides can maintain high insecticidal activity and have no toxicity to seed germination. The results of pot experiment showed that the nanocarriers could be used as an organic nitrogen fertilizer to increase the fresh weight of plants by 39.77%. CONCLUSIONS: This environmentally friendly pesticide carrier can be used as a fertilizer to provide sufficient nutrients for crops, opening a new method for the development of sustainable agriculture.

20.
Theranostics ; 11(18): 9118-9132, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522230

RESUMO

Rationale: A robust radiopharmaceutical has high uptake in the target and low retention in non-target tissues. However, traditional tracers for renal imaging that chemically chelate 99mTc are excreted through the renal route with transient resident time in the kidney. Following a rational design approach, we constructed a protein-based radiotracer, designated PBT-Fc, to sequentially bind tubular neonatal Fc-receptor and subsequently proximal tubular basement membrane for its targeted sequestration in kidney parenchyma. In this process, the tracer participates in physiologic glomerular filtration and tubular reabsorption while escaping lysosomal catabolism and urinary clearance. Methods: To specifically target renal receptors in navigating the urinary passage in the kidney, we produced a recombinant fusion protein with two separate functional parts: a polybasic PBT segment derived from human Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and Fc segment of IgG1. The chimeric fusion of PBT-Fc was labeled with radionuclide 99mTc and tested in rodent models of kidney diseases. Planar scintigraphy and single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) were performed to evaluate renal-specificity of the tracer. Results: When injected in mouse and rat, following a brief 10 - 15 min dynamic redistribution phase in circulation, ~ 95% of the [99mTc]-PBT-Fc signal was concentrated in the kidney and lasted for hours without urinary loss or surrounding tissue activities. Long-lasting tracer signals in the kidney cortex in conjunction with SPECT greatly augmented the image quality in detecting pathological lesions in a variety of disease models, including ischemic acute kidney injury, drug-induced renal toxicity, and chronic kidney disease from renin-angiotensin system (RAS) overactivation. Conclusion: Exclusive renal retention of the recombinant radiotracer greatly facilitated static-phase signal acquisition by SPECT and achieved submillimeter spatial resolution of kidney alternations in glomerular and tubular disease models.

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