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1.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 141, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression has been recognized as an independent risk factor of coronary heart disease (CHD). Moreover, there is interrelationship of both depression and CHD. However, the potential pathophysiological mechanisms remain unknown. It might be influenced by genetic and environmental factors. According to recent researches, there is potential association between serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) polymorphism and risk of depression in CHD patients, but the results are still inconclusive. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis based on unadjusted and adjusted data to ascertain a more precise conclusion. METHODS: We searched relevant articles through PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Chinese BioMedical Literature (CBM) and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases up to August 26, 2019. Study selection and data extraction were accomplished by two authors independently. The strength of the correlation was assessed via odds ratios (ORs) with their 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs). RESULTS: This meta-analysis enrolled six observational studies. Based on unadjusted data, there was significant relationship between 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and depression risk in CHD patients under all genetic models (S vs. L: OR = 1.31, 95%CI = 1.07-1.60; SS vs. LL: OR = 1.73, 95%CI = 1.12-2.67; LS vs. LL: OR = 1.47, 95%CI = 1.13-1.92; LS + SS vs. LL: OR = 1.62, 95%CI = 1.25-2.09; SS vs. LL + LS: OR = 1.33, 95%CI = 1.02-1.74). The results of adjusted data further strengthened this relationship (SS vs. LL: OR = 1.89, 95%CI = 1.28-2.80; LS vs. LL: OR = 1.69, 95%CI = 1.14-2.51; LS + SS vs. LL: OR = 1.80, 95%CI = 1.25-2.59). Subgroup analyses based on ethnicity and major depressive disorder revealed similar results to that of the overall analysis. No evidence of publication bias was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that 5-HTTLPR polymorphism may have an important effect on the risk of depression among patients with CHD, and carriers of the S allele of 5-HTTLPR are more vulnerable to depression.

2.
Mil Med Res ; 7(1): 4, 2020 02 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029004

RESUMO

In December 2019, a new type viral pneumonia cases occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province; and then named "2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)" by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 12 January 2020. For it is a never been experienced respiratory disease before and with infection ability widely and quickly, it attracted the world's attention but without treatment and control manual. For the request from frontline clinicians and public health professionals of 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia management, an evidence-based guideline urgently needs to be developed. Therefore, we drafted this guideline according to the rapid advice guidelines methodology and general rules of WHO guideline development; we also added the first-hand management data of Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University. This guideline includes the guideline methodology, epidemiological characteristics, disease screening and population prevention, diagnosis, treatment and control (including traditional Chinese Medicine), nosocomial infection prevention and control, and disease nursing of the 2019-nCoV. Moreover, we also provide a whole process of a successful treatment case of the severe 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia and experience and lessons of hospital rescue for 2019-nCoV infections. This rapid advice guideline is suitable for the first frontline doctors and nurses, managers of hospitals and healthcare sections, community residents, public health persons, relevant researchers, and all person who are interested in the 2019-nCoV.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Infecção Hospitalar , Controle de Infecções , Programas de Rastreamento , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Hidratação , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/normas , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Epidemiologia Molecular , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
3.
Dalton Trans ; 49(3): 711-718, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848556

RESUMO

Rechargeable aqueous zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) are considered to be potential candidates for large-scale energy storage due to their high capacity, low cost, high safety and environmental friendliness. A key problem encountered in Mn-based cathodes is the dissolution of Mn2+ that causes significant capacity fading. Herein, a novel Mn2O3/Al2O3 composite material with a microbundle structure was synthesized using a strategy called 'MOFs as precursors'. Uniform distribution of Mn2O3 and Al2O3 with a precise controlled Mn/Al molar ratio can be easily realized using this method. After compositing with Al2O3, the resulting material shows not only a higher capacity but also a better cycling stability (118.0 mA h g-1 after 1100 cycles at 1500 mA g-1) than the pure Mn2O3. Combined with the ICP analysis, it can be deduced that Al2O3 can effectively inhibit the dissolution of Mn2+ from Mn3+ disproportionation. Our result can provide some inspiration for the modification of Mn-based materials and other materials used in zinc ion batteries or other battery systems.

4.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 757, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31333470

RESUMO

Objective: Clinical trials are the source of evidence. ClinicalTrials.gov is valuable for analyzing current conditions. Until now, the state of drug interventions for heart infections is unknown. The purpose of this study was to comprehensively assess the characteristics of trials on cardiac-related infections and the status of drug interventions. Methods: The website ClinicalTrials.gov was used to obtain all registered clinical trials on drug interventions for cardiac-related infections as of February 16, 2019. All registration studies were collected, regardless of their recruitment status, research results, and research type. Registration information, results, and weblink-publications of those trials were analyzed. Results: A total of 45 eligible trials were evaluated and 86.7% of them began from or after 2008 while 91.1% of them adopted interventional study design. Of all trials, 35.6% were completed and 15.6% terminated. Besides, 62.2% of interventional clinical trials recruited more than 100 subjects. Meanwhile, 86.7% of the eligible trials included adult subjects only. Of intervention trials, 65.8% were in the third or fourth phase; 78.1% adopted randomized parallel assignment, containing two groups; 53.6% were masking, and 61.0% described treatment. Moreover, 41.5% of the trials were conducted in North America while 29.3% in Europe. Sponsors for 40.0% of the studies were from the industry. Furthermore, 48.9% of the trials mentioned information on monitoring committees, 24.4% have been published online, and 13.3% have uploaded their results. Drugs for treatments mainly contained antibiotics, among which glycopeptides, ß-lactams, and lipopeptides were the most commonly studied ones in experimental group, with the former ones more common. Additionally, 16.2% of the trials evaluated new antimicrobials. Conclusions: Most clinical trials on cardiac-related infections registered at ClinicalTrials.gov were interventional randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for treatment. Most drugs focused in trials were old antibiotics, and few trials reported valid results. It is necessary to strengthen supervision over improvements in results, and to combine antibacterial activity with drug delivery regimens to achieve optimal clinical outcomes.

5.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(13): 4438-4445, 2019 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280253

RESUMO

Evidence suggests there maybe an association among abnormal fasting blood glucose, hypertension and benign prostatic hyperplasia. In this study, we investigated whether abnormal fasting blood glucose correlates with hypertension in aging benign prostatic hyperplasia patients. Ultimately, 612 benign prostatic hyperplasia patients, including 230 hypertensive patients and 382 normotensive patients, were included. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the associations. The results indicated that neither impaired fasting glucose/high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus nor high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus were associated with an increased risk of hypertension. When patients were stratified based on the severity of their hypertension, similar results were obtained (all P> 0.05). After adjusting for confounding factors, the nonsignificant tendencies for high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glucose/high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus to associate with hypertension persisted (all P> 0.05). Unlike earlier studies, the present study suggests that the level of fasting blood glucose may not be significantly related to hypertension in aging patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia.

6.
Front Physiol ; 10: 440, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31105578

RESUMO

Objective: Published evidence showed that periodontal disease is associated with hypertension. However, relevant findings remain controversial, with few evidences focusing on Chinese population. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the association between periodontal disease and hypertension in Chinese population. Methods: A total of 4,930 participants from an available health examination that was carried out in 2017 were selected for this retrospective study. The correlations between periodontal disease and hypertension were investigated using univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses and propensity score adjusted analysis. Interaction and subgroup analyses were also used to detect variable factors. Results: Finally, a total of 3,952 participants aged 30-68 years were eligible for this study. The results showed that hypertension risk was statistically significant associated with periodontal disease either in unadjusted (OR = 1.28, 95%CI = 1.14-1.47) or in adjusted (OR = 1.34, 95%CI = 1.14-1.58) model. Result from propensity score adjusted analysis also demonstrated a similar association (OR = 1.23, 95%CI = 1.06-1.42). Conclusion: Periodontal disease is significantly and positively correlated with increased risk of hypertension in Chinese population, and exact mechanisms of this association should be explored in future.

7.
Aging Male ; : 1-8, 2019 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30739562

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of clinical measurements on normal and abnormal fasting blood glucose (FBG) with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: From September 2016 to January 2018, 771 BPH patients were enrolled for further selection. The eligible patients were divided into normal FBG, impaired fasting glucose (IFG), and high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (HR-T2DM) groups. Then, relevant parameters were compared among these three groups using Pearson's correlation coefficient. RESULTS: Finally including 443 patients with normal FBG, 113 with IFG and 56 with HR-T2DM. Height, weight, body mass index, smoking status, hemoglobin, serum Na+, serum Cl-, and serum Ca2+ were significantly different between normal and abnormal FBG groups. In IFG/HR-T2DM group, obviously connections were demonstrated for weight with prostate volume (PV), for serum Na+, PV, and serum Cl- with total prostate-specific antigen (t-PSA), for FBG with international prostate symptom score (IPSS). In normal FBG group, significant correlations of age, weight, body mass index, hemoglobin, and serum Ca2+ with PV, of age, systolic blood pressure, PV, and serum Cl- with t-PSA; and of FBG, hemoglobin, and serum Na+ with IPSS were also observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that FBG level probably plays an important role in BPH.

8.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 108, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30809150

RESUMO

Background: In recent decades, research on drug therapy for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) remains one of the major hot-spots in the field of critical care medicine, but relevant data are not satisfactory. Our aim was to assess the status and trends of the most cited articles on drug therapy for VAP through bibliometric approaches. Methods: The Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) Web of Science core collection database was searched for the VAP-related articles. The time period for retrieval was from the beginning of the database to September 30, 2018. The top 100 most cited articles were selected to obtain their information on the authors, title, publication, number of citations, author's affiliations, country, etc. These general information and bibliometric data were collected for analysis. VOSviewer software was used to generate a term co-occurrence graph that visualized a reference pattern for different terms in the 100 articles. Results: The number of citations for the 100 selected articles ranged from 142 to 3,218. These articles were published in 31 different journals. The top three journals in terms of the number of our selected articles they published were "Critical Care Medicine" (17 articles), "American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine" (11 articles) and "Clinical Infectious Diseases" (10 articles). The most frequently nominated author was Marin H. Kollef from the University of Washington, and of the top 100 articles, 16 listed his name. These top 100 articles were published after the year of 2000. The most common type of article in the top 100 was an original article (53%). The United States and France were the countries that contributed the most articles to the top 100. Gram-negative bacilli, pseudomonas aeruginosa, antibiotics, risk factors and other terms appeared more frequently, suggesting that attentions on this issue currently focused on the rational application and management of antibiotics. Conclusion: This study analyzed the 100 most cited articles on drug-treated VAP, and provided insights into the historical developments and characteristics of the most cited articles in the field of VAP.

9.
Med Sci Monit ; 24: 8105-8114, 2018 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30418964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The purpose of the study was to investigate the functional roles of phosphatase in regenerating liver-3 (PRL-3) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), as well as the related molecular mechanisms. MATERIAL AND METHODS HCC tissues and adjacent normal tissues were collected from 124 HCC patients. The mRNA and protein levels of PRL-3 were detected using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot assays, respectively. The relationship between PRL-3 expression and clinical characteristics of HCC patients was evaluated by chi-square test. MTT and Transwell assays were performed to estimate cell proliferation and motility, respectively. RESULTS The expression of PRL-3 was significantly increased in HCC tissues and cells at both protein and mRNA levels (P<0.01 for all). Furthermore, the up-regulation of PRL-3 was positively correlated with hepatic vascular invasion (P=0.019), lymph node metastasis (P=0.012), and TNM stage (P=0.001). The knockdown of PRL-3 suppressed HCC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and PR3K/AKT pathway activity was also obviously inhibited in HCC cells with PRL-3 deficiency. The levels of PTEN were negatively associated with PRL-3 expression. PRL-3 might inhibit the protein level of PTEN through enhancing its phosphorylation level. The transfection of si-PTEN can reverse the anti-tumor action caused by PRL-3 knockdown in HCC cells. CONCLUSIONS Up-regulation of PRL-3 may activate the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway and enhance malignant progression of HCC through targeting PTEN.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/genética , Fosforilação , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases/biossíntese , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Ativação Transcricional , Regulação para Cima
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