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1.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-10, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013638

RESUMO

Purpose: Homer1a is a member of the post-synaptic density protein family that plays an important role in neuronal synaptic activity and is extensively involved in neurological disorders. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of Homer1a in modulating neuronal survival using an in vitro traumatic neuronal injury model.Materials and methods: Neurons were extracted from rats and identifited. Then, the cells were treated with Homerla overexpression or interference vectors. Western blot was performed to evaluate the expression of Homerla, apoptosis-related proteins(caspase3, caspase8, caspase9, Fasl, Bax, and p53), autophagy-related proteins (LC3ll and Beclin1), and the activiation of PI3K/AKT/mTOM pathway. In addition, the cell viability and apoptosis rate were measured.Results: After transfection with overexpression or interference vectors, the mRNA and protein expression of Homer1a increased or decreased significantly, respectively. Upregulation of Homer1a significantly alleviated apoptosis and enhanced cell viability and autophagy after traumatic neuronal injury. Homer1a overexpression also significantly decreased the expression of the pro-apoptosis proteins caspase 3, caspase 8, caspase 9, Fasl, Bax, and p53 in neurons. Furthermore, neuron autophagy was increased after traumatic neuronal injury as demonstrated by the greater accumulation of autophagosomes and higher expression of LC3II and Beclin1 induced by Homer1a overexpression. In addition, Homer1a overexpression inhibited the activation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling.Conclusion: These findings indicated that Homer1a potentially protects neurons from traumatic injury by regulating apoptosis and autophagy via the caspase and PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathways and may be an effective intervention target in traumatic brain injury.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(3): e18800, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011484

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Low-grade malignant fibrous myxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a malignant tumor that originates from soft tissues and has specific clinical and histopathological characteristics. Paravertebral LGFMS is rarely reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 60-year-old woman had pain in the lower back and right anterior thigh for more than 3 years. DIAGNOSIS: Paravertebral LGFMS. INTERVENTIONS: Tumor resection, vertebral canal decompression and pedicle screw fixation. OUTCOMES: The tumor was excised, and the vertebral arch was fixed with pedicle screws at the root. Chemoradiotherapy was not performed. Her postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score decreased from 7 points at admission to 2 points at follow-up. The patient was discharged at postoperative day 13, and no recurrence was observed at the 6-month follow-up. LESSONS: Although LGFMS is rare, it should be considered in differential diagnosis of other soft tissue tumors to avoid misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment.


Assuntos
Sarcoma/diagnóstico , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sarcoma/complicações , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/complicações , Compressão da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico , Compressão da Medula Espinal/etiologia , Compressão da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Coluna Vertebral
3.
Biosci Rep ; 40(1)2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894847

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is recently the main risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). Plasma lipid levels are conventionally used to predict coronary risk, but the correlation between TMAO and plasma lipid levels in unstable angina pectoris (UAP) was unclear. Our objective was to compare the plasma level of TMAO to lipoprotein ratios and conventional lipid parameters in UAP patients. METHODS: A total of 114 control participants and 184 UAP patients were enrolled. Demographic characteristics were collected. Plasma levels of TMAO and lipid in all patients were measured and analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic analysis (ROC), univariate, and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to examine the relationship between TMAO, lipoprotein ratios, conventional lipid parameters, and UAP. RESULTS: The plasma levels of TMAO were remarkably increased in UAP patients (3.28 ± 1.97 µM) compared with control participants (1.52 ± 0.59 µM, P < 0.01). TMAO was significantly correlated with lipid levels in UAP patients. The ROC, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis both showed that the TMAO significantly increased the risk for occurrence of UAP. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that the TMAO is superior to lipoprotein ratios and conventional lipid parameters in predicting occurrence of UAP.

4.
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed ; 15(1): 43, 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tibetan medicine (TM) and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) are two independent traditional medical systems. Due to geographical factors, the development of Tibetan medicinal theory is relatively independent, but there are still many shared-use medicines in TM and TCM. However, a thorough and comparative study on those medicines is still absent. This study listed shared-use medicines by TM and TCM and analyzed the similarities and dissimilarities of these two medical systems. This paper also aimed to understand mutual influences like the shared history of TM and TCM and to roughly outline the exchanging process between them. METHODS: Shared-use medicines in TM and TCM were listed alphabetically. Information on the scientific name, material name, medicinal parts, and medical efficacy were extracted from publications. Shared-use medicines were grouped according to medicinal properties and medicinal parts used by TM and TCM. The historical origin and current status of clinical prescriptions of shared-use medicines were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 136 shared-use medicines in TM and TCM were listed. Shared-use medicines that were used for a similar purpose in TM and TCM accounted for 14% of the total, while those used for different purposes accounted for 49% of the total, with some of the latter being commonly used in TCM. Shared-use medicinal herbs that originated from both Tibetan and Han regions accounted for 49% of the total, and those that were imported from South Asia and Southeast Asia were frequently observed in TM. CONCLUSION: Owing to its unique geographical location and cultural diversity, the Tibetan region played a role as a development cradle for various traditional medicinal theories and knowledge. Medicinal knowledge was exchanged between TM and TCM during their parallel independent growth. Shared-use medicines in TM and TCM were mostly determined by flora similarity and medicinal trade, and they marked significant differences in their medicinal properties. However, medicines that were used for similar purposes in TM and TCM presented obvious commercial medicinal characteristic as well as the same chemical profile. The Tibetan region not only provided medicinal usage knowledge of TCM, but also served as a supply of medicinal resources attributing to "high altitude" locations.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , Plantas Medicinais
5.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(3): 389-395, 2019 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30746381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (GSS) disease is an inherited prion disease that is clinically characterized by the early onset of progressive cerebellar ataxia. The incidence of GSS is extremely low and it is particularly rare in China. Therefore, clinicians may easily confuse this disease with other diseases that also cause ataxia, resulting in its under-diagnosis or misdiagnosis. CASE SUMMARY: Here, we report the first case of genetically diagnosed GSS disease in Northeast China. The patient exhibited typical ataxia and dysarthria 2.5 years after symptom onset. However, magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and spinal cord revealed a normal anatomy. Screening results for the spinocerebellar ataxia gene were also negative. We thus proposed to expand the scope of genetic screening to include over 200 mutations that can cause ataxia. A final diagnosis of GSS was presented and the patient was followed for more than 3.5 years, during which we noted imaging abnormalities. The patient gradually exhibited decorticate posturing and convulsions. We recommended administration of oral sodium valproate, which resolved the convulsions. CONCLUSION: Patients with inherited ataxia should be considered for a diagnosis of GSS via genetic testing at an early disease stage.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(36): e12270, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30200167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Blood management after arthroplasties has become a serious problem. The objective is to perform a meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety between oral tranexamic acid (TXA) and intravenous TXA for blood management in total knee and hip arthroplasty. METHODS: We systematically searched randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Web of Science and Google scholar. Eligibility criteria: Patients: adult patients with end-stage joint osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteonecrosis of the femoral head, who prepared for TJA; Interventions: The experiential group received the intravenous form of TXA; Comparisons: Oral form of TXA; Outcomes: Total blood loss, hemoglobin reduction, transfusion requirements, duration of hospitalization, and thrombotic complications including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE); Study design: Randomized control trials (RCTs) and non-RCT. Meta-analysis results were collected and analyzed by the software STATA 11.0. After testing for heterogeneity between studies, data were aggregated for random-effects models when necessary. RESULTS: Four RCTs and 2 non-RCTs were included in the meta-analysis. The present meta-analysis revealed that there were no significant differences regarding total blood loss (WMD = -25.013, 95% CI: -51.002 to 0.977, P = .059), postoperative hemoglobin decline (WMD = -0.090, 95% CI: -0.205 to 0.024, P = .122), or transfusion rate (RD = -0.039, 95% CI: -0.080 to 0.002, P = .062) between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Oral TXA shows comparable efficacy to that of the intravenous forms after total knee and hip arthroplasty. Due to the limited quality of evidence currently available, higher quality RCTs is necessary.


Assuntos
Antifibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Ácido Tranexâmico/administração & dosagem , Administração Intravenosa , Administração Oral , Artrite/cirurgia , Humanos
7.
Onco Targets Ther ; 11: 3435-3439, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29942135

RESUMO

Background: Glioblastomas (GBMs) are the most aggressive type of glial brain tumors. Despite aggressive treatment with surgery and chemoradiation, GBMs invariably relapse and tumors are progressive. Controversy remains on optimal treatment of patients with recurrent GBMs. Data from previous trials have suggested that the addition of bevacizumab (BEV) to lomustine (CCNU) might improve overall survival (OS) as compared with that with monotherapies. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of BEV in addition to CCNU versus single-agent therapy in patients with recurrent GBM. Methods: Electronic databases were searched for eligible literature updated in December 2017. Trials assessing the effectiveness of CCNU and BEV in progressive GBM were included, of which the main outcomes were progression-free survival (PFS) and OS. All the data were pooled with the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using RevMan software. Sensitivity and heterogeneity were quantitatively evaluated. Results: Three randomized clinical trials were identified, including 574 patients (combination group: 358, monotherapies group: 216). The combination group treated with BEV and CCNU showed improvement in PFS (OR = 0.49; 95% CI, 0.41-0.59; p < 0.00001). No significant differences were, however, found in patients in terms of the OS (OR = 0.84; 95% CI, 0.68-1.03; p = 0.09). Conclusion: Although treatment with CCNU plus BEV prolonged PFS, it did not confer OS advantage over monotherapies in patients with progressive GBM. The encouraging results of the addition of CCNU to BEV warrant investigation in further randomized trials.

8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(8): 1554-1562, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29751700

RESUMO

Zha-xun is widely used in Tibetan medicine and is also an international traditional medicine. This article would summarize the use status and research progress of Zha-xun by various ethnic groups all over the world, and the results show that it has various synonyms but most of them imply its most characteristic feature-outflow from the rock; Zha-xun resources are distributed in various places of the world, and its bearing spots are closely related to the geological structure; there are sharp arguments on the origins of Zha-xun, mainly including the minerals origin, biological fossils origin, biological origin, etc. Zha-xun has multiple functions and is mainly used to treat stomach disease, liver disease and rheumatoid arthritis in China, and premature ejaculation, impotence, vaginitis embolism in foreign countries. "Iron" Zha-xun is used into medicines both at home and abroad. According to ancient materia medica texts, it was mainly classified into five types, including gold Zha-xun, silver Zha-xun, copper Zha-xun, iron Zha-xun and lead Zha-xun mainly based on the predominance of color rather than the minerals contained. It is commonly believed by the domestic and foreign scholars that humic acid is the main medicinal part of Zha-xun, and their studies have found that it has a variety of pharmacological activities such as anti-ulcer, anti-inflammatory, liver protection, analgesia, immune regulation, increasing sexual desire and fertility, antioxidation, antibacterial, antidiabetic, antiepileptic, antipsychotic, etc. This paper provides a scientific basis for the rational utilization of Zha-xun resources.


Assuntos
Materia Medica , Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , China , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional , Pesquisa
9.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 3856, 2018 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29497072

RESUMO

Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an adjunctive treatment for drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). However, it is still difficult to predict which patients will respond to VNS treatment and to what extent. We aim to explore the relationship between preoperative heart rate variability (HRV) and VNS outcome. 50 healthy control subjects and 63 DRE patients who had received VNS implants and had at least one year of follow up were included. The preoperative HRV were analyzed by traditional linear methods and heart rhythm complexity analyses with multiscale entropy (MSE). DRE patients had significantly lower complexity indices (CI) as well as traditional linear HRV measurements than healthy controls. We also found that non-responders0 had significantly lower preoperative CI including Area 1-5, Area 6-15 and Area 6-20 than those in the responders0 while those of the non-responders50 had significantly lower RMSSD, pNN50, VLF, LF, HF, TP and LF/HF than the responders50. In receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, Area 6-20 and RMSSD had the greatest discriminatory power for the responders0 and non-responders0, responders50 and non-responders50, respectively. Our results suggest that preoperative assessment of HRV by linear and MSE analysis can help in predicting VNS outcomes in patients with DRE.


Assuntos
Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Nervo Vago/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Epilepsia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Convulsões/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Nervo Vago/metabolismo , Estimulação do Nervo Vago/métodos
10.
Carbohydr Polym ; 186: 100-109, 2018 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29455967

RESUMO

The gastroprotective activity of Hericium erinaceus polysaccharide was investigated in rats. The antioxidant activities were also evaluated. Pre-treatment of polysaccharide could reduce ethanol-induced gastric mucosal lesion and pylorus ligation-induced gastric ulcer. The polysaccharide exhibited scavenging activities of 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrozyl and hydroxyl radicals, and ferrous ion-chelating ability. In the pylorus ligation-induced model, gastric secretions (volume of gastric juice, gastric acid, pepsin and mucus) of ulcer rats administrated with polysaccharide were regulated. Levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukins-1ß in serum, and myeloperoxidase activity of gastric tissue were reduced, while antioxidant status of gastric tissue was improved. Defensive factors (nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, epidermal growth factor) in gastric tissue were increased. These results indicate that Hericium erinaceus polysaccharide possess gastroprotective activity, and the possible mechanisms are related to its regulations of gastric secretions, improvements of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant status, as well as increments of defensive factors releases.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Etanol/toxicidade , Mucosa Gástrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Polissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Úlcera Gástrica/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/química , Piloro/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
11.
Cytotechnology ; 70(1): 313-320, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28965287

RESUMO

Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is widely used in the laboratory and in clinical situations because it is soluble in both aqueous and organic media and can be used to treat many types of diseases. Thus, it is meaningful to assess the comprehensive and in-depth biological activities of DMSO. Here, we showed that a high concentration of DMSO induced pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) secretion from the monocytic cell line THP-1. DMSO-induced IL-1ß secretion was dependent on intracellular caspase-1 activation. Further study revealed that the activation of caspase-1 by DMSO relied on NLRP3 inflammasome formation. It is generally accepted that the NLRP3 inflammasome is activated by reactive oxygen species generation or potassium efflux; however, the common NLRP3 inflammasome trigger remains controversial. Here, we showed that although DMSO is a ROS scavenger, this chemical increases membrane permeability and potassium efflux, and the formation of the NLRP3 inflammasome reflects the increased membrane permeability and potassium efflux induced by DMSO. The present study reveals a new characteristic of DMSO, which should be considered when using this chemical in either the laboratory or the clinic.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28798804

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to investigate if sinomenine hydrochloride (SIN-HCl) could be effective against adriamycin-induced renal fibrosis by regulating autophagy in a rat model. Forty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, telmisartan group, and SIN-HCl group; rat model was induced by adriamycin; all rats were given intragastric administration for 6 weeks. Urine was collected from rats in metabolic cages to determine 24 h protein level. This was done after intragastric administration for the first two weeks and then once for every two weeks. Renal pathological changes were examined by the staining of HE, Masson, and PASM. Expressions and distributions of fibronectin (FN), laminin (LN), light chain 3 (LC3), and Beclin-1 were observed by immunohistochemistry. SIN-HCl ameliorates proteinuria, meanwhile attenuating the renal pathological changes in adriamycin-induced rats and also attenuating renal fibrosis and excessive autophagy by reducing the expression of FN, LN, LC3, and Beclin-1. SIN-HCl attenuates renal fibrosis by inhibiting excessive autophagy induced by adriamycin and upregulates the basal autophagy.

13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 65(26): 5306-5315, 2017 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28608696

RESUMO

Our previous study has demonstrated that Ganoderma atrum polysaccharide (PSG-1) has immunomodulatory activity on spleen lymphocytes. However, how PSG-1 exerts its effect on purified lymphocytes is still obscure. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the immunomodulatory activity of PSG-1 on purified T lymphocytes and further elucidate the underlying mechanism based on RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). Our results showed that PSG-1 promoted T lymphocytes proliferation and increased the production of IL-2, IFN-γ, and IL-12. Meanwhile, RNA-seq analysis found 394 differentially expressed genes. KEGG pathway analysis identified 20 significant canonical pathways and seven biological functions. Furthermore, PSG-1 elevated intracellular Ca2+ concentration and calcineurin (CaN) activity and raised the p-ERK, p-JNK, and p-p38 expression levels. T lymphocytes proliferation and the production of IL-2, IFN-γ, and IL-12 were decreased by the inhibitors of calcium channel and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). These results indicated that PSG-1 possesses immunomodulatory activity on purified T lymphocytes, in which Ca2+/CaN and MAPK pathways play essential roles.


Assuntos
Calcineurina/imunologia , Cálcio/imunologia , Ganoderma/química , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Verduras/química , Calcineurina/genética , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Interleucina-12/genética , Interleucina-12/imunologia , Interleucina-2/genética , Interleucina-2/imunologia , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/imunologia , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/imunologia
14.
Ann Transl Med ; 5(6): 136, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28462216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Danggui Buxue Decoction for renal anemia when combined with western medicine treatment of anemia. METHODS: Electronic searching Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Chinese BioMedical Literature Database (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WanFang data, Chinese Sci-tech periodical full-text database (VIP). Randomized controlled trials reported results of efficacy and safety of Danggui Buxue Decoction in combination with western medicine treatment of anemia for renal anemia. The "risk of bias assessment tool (Version 5.1.0)" of Cochrane Handbook was applied to assess the quality of included trials and RevMan 5.3 software was used for data analysis. RESULTS: A total of 111 studies was retrieved, seven studies including 460 cases were included, the methodological quality of included trials was poor. The result of meta-analysis demonstrated that there was no difference in hemoglobin (Hb) [weighted mean differences (WMD) =-8.75, 95% confidence interval (CI): (-18.64, 1.13), P=0.08], whereas the subgroup analysis showed the difference was significant when the ratio of Radix Astragali to Radix Angelicae Sinensis was 5:1 [WMD =-16.27, 95% CI: (-28.73, -3.80), P=0.01], increase of Hb was more effective in experimental group than control group and the difference was not significant when the ratio of Radix Astragali to Radix Angelicae Sinensis was 5≠1 [WMD =-0.57, 95% CI: (-4.52, 3.39), P=0.78]. There were significant differences in red blood cell (RBC) [WMD =-0.49, 95% CI: (-0.69, -0.28), P<0.00001], hematocrit (HCT) [WMD =-1.92, 95% CI: (-3.15, -0.69), P=0.002] and clinical efficacy [odd ratio (OR) =0.30, 95% CI: (0.13, 0.69), P=0.004] between Danggui Buxue Decoction combination group and control group, the experimental group was better than control group. There was no adverse event reported in the experimental group. CONCLUSIONS: Danggui Buxue Decoction in combination with conventional western medicine (CWM) for renal anemia might be superior to CWM alone and there was no adverse event in the experimental group, it might be more effective when the ratio of Radix Astragali to Radix Angelicae Sinensis was 5:1. However, the quality of included studies was not high, and less attention was paid to the safety, high quality randomized controlled trials are needed to further confirm the findings.

15.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 108(Pt B): 478-485, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28235615

RESUMO

Ganoderma atrum (G. atrum), a member of the genus Ganoderma, is an edible and medicinal fungus. In this study, we investigated the direct and indirect effects of G. atrum polysaccharide (PSG-1) on dendritic cells (DCs). Firstly, flow cytometric and ELISA analysis showed that PSG-1 increased cell surface molecule expression of MHC-II, CD80 and CD86, and enhanced the production of IL-12 p70, IL-6, IL-10, RANTES, MIP-1α and MCP-1 in DCs. PSG-1-treated DCs promoted the proliferation of splenic T lymphocyte of mouse in mixed lymphocyte reaction. The above results demonstrated that PSG-1 induced the maturation of DCs. Secondly, PSG-1 increased the phosphorylation of p38, ERK and JNK determined by western blot. Inhibitors of p38, ERK and JNK decreased PSG-1-induced expression of MHC-II, CD80 and CD86 and production of IL-6 and IL-10 by DCs. These results suggested that PSG-1 induced mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation was involved in the regulation of maturation markers and cytokines expression in DCs. Finally, PSG-1 increased expression of MHC-II of DCs in a DCs-Caco-2 co-culture model, suggesting that PSG-1 could indirectly influence DCs. In summary, our data suggested that PSG-1 directly induced DCs maturation via activating MAPK pathways, and indirectly stimulated DCs separated by intestinal epithelial cells.


Assuntos
Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Ganoderma/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Biomarcadores , Células CACO-2 , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Macrófagos/classificação , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/fisiologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Polissacarídeos/química
16.
Biosci Rep ; 37(2)2017 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28153917

RESUMO

Several studies have reported a strong association between high plasma level of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) and atherosclerosis development. However, the exact mechanism underlying this correlation is unknown. In the present study, we try to explore the impact of TMAO on endothelial dysfunction. After TMAO treatment, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) showed significant impairment in cellular proliferation and HUVECs-extracellular matrix (ECM) adhesion compared with control. Likewise, TMAO markedly suppressed HUVECs migration in transwell migration assay and wound healing assay. In addition, we found TMAO up-regulated vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expression, promoted monocyte adherence, activated protein kinase C (PKC) and p-NF-κB. Interestingly, TMAO-stimulated VCAM-1 expression and monocyte adherence were diminished by PKC inhibitor. These results demonstrate that TMAO promotes early pathological process of atherosclerosis by accelerating endothelial dysfunction, including decreasing endothelial self-repair and increasing monocyte adhesion. Furthermore, TMAO-induced monocyte adhesion is partly attributable to activation of PKC/NF-κB/VCAM-1.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/sangue , Aterosclerose/etiologia , Adesão Celular/fisiologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Metilaminas/sangue , Monócitos/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/patologia , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/patologia , Humanos , Monócitos/patologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase C/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/metabolismo
17.
Sci Rep ; 7: 39759, 2017 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28059122

RESUMO

Pollen ornamentation patterns are important in the study of plant genetic evolution and systematic taxonomy. However, they are normally difficult to quantify. Based on observations of pollen exine ornamentation characteristics of 128 flowering crabapple germplasms (44 natural species and 84 varieties), three qualitative variables with binary properties (Xi: regularity of pollen exine ornamentation; Yi: scope of ornamentation arrangement regularity; Zi: ornamentation arrangement patterns) were extracted to establish a binary three-dimensional data matrix (Xi Yi Zi) and the matrix data were converted to decimal data through weight assignment, which facilitated the unification of qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis. The result indicates that from species population to variety population and from parent population to variety population, the exine ornamentation of all three dimensions present the evolutionary trend of regular → irregular, wholly regular → partially regular, and single pattern → multiple patterns. Regarding the evolutionary degree, the regularity of ornamentation was significantly lower in both the variety population and progeny population, with a degree of decrease 0.82-1.27 times that of the regularity range of R-type ornamentation. In addition, the evolutionary degree significantly increased along Xi → Yi → Zi. The result also has certain reference values for defining the taxonomic status of Malus species.


Assuntos
Malus , Pólen/fisiologia , Sementes/fisiologia , Evolução Biológica , Classificação , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Valores de Referência , Reprodução , Especificidade da Espécie , Propriedades de Superfície
18.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 15(12): 2977-2986, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27784795

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) may contribute to the initiation and progression of tumor. In this study, we first systematically compared lncRNA and mRNA expression between glioblastoma and paired normal brain tissues using microarray data. We found 27 lncRNA and 82 mRNA significantly upregulated in glioblastoma, as well as 198 lncRNA and 285 mRNA significantly downregulated in glioblastoma. We identified 138 coexpressed lncRNA-mRNA pairs from these differentially expressed lncRNA and genes. Subsequent pathway analysis of the lncRNA-paired genes indicated that EphrinB-EPHB, p75-mediated signaling, TNFα/NF-κB, and ErbB2/ErbB3 signaling pathways might be altered in glioblastoma. Specifically, lncRNA RAMP2-AS1 had significant decrease of expression in glioblastoma tissues and showed coexpressional relationship with NOTCH3, an important tumor promoter in many neoplastic diseases. Our follow up experiment indicated that (i) an overexpression of RAMP2-AS1 reduced glioblastoma cell proliferation in vitro and also reduced glioblastoma xenograft tumors in vivo; (ii) NOTCH3 and RAMP2-AS1 coexpression rescued the inhibitory action of RAMP2-AS1 in glioblastoma cells; and (iii) RNA pull-down assay revealed a direct interaction of RAMP2-AS1 with DHC10, which may consequently inhibit, as we hypothesize, the expression of NOTCH3 and its downstream signaling molecule HES1 in glioblastoma. Taken together, our data revealed that lncRNA expression profile in glioblastoma tissue was significantly altered; and RAMP2-AS1 might play a tumor suppressive role in glioblastoma through an indirect inhibition of NOTCH3 Our results provided some insights into understanding the key roles of lncRNA-mRNA coregulation in human glioblastoma and the mechanisms responsible for glioblastoma progression and pathogenesis. Mol Cancer Ther; 15(12); 2977-86. ©2016 AACR.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glioblastoma/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Animais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Glioblastoma/diagnóstico , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/terapia , Humanos , Camundongos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Receptor Notch3/genética , Receptor Notch3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Carga Tumoral/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 17(7)2016 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27455249

RESUMO

This study investigated the neuroprotective effect of salvianolic acids (SA) against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, and explored whether the neuroprotection was dependent on mitochondrial connexin43 (mtCx43) via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT) pathway. In vitro, we measured astrocyte apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential, and also evaluated the morphology of astrocyte mitochondria with transmission electron microscopy. In vivo, we determined the cerebral infarction volume and measured superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) content. Additionally, mtCx43, p-mtCx43, AKT, and p-AKT levels were determined. In vitro, we found that I/R injury induced apoptosis, decreased cell mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and damaged mitochondrial morphology in astrocytes. In vivo, we found that I/R injury resulted in a large cerebral infarction, decreased SOD activity, and increased MDA expression. Additionally, I/R injury reduced both the p-mtCx43/mtCx43 and p-AKT/AKT ratios. We reported that both in vivo and in vitro, SA ameliorated the detrimental outcomes of the I/R. Interestingly, co-administering an inhibitor of the PI3K/AKT pathway blunted the effects of SA. SA represents a potential treatment option for cerebral infarction by up-regulating mtCx43 through the PI3K/AKT pathway.


Assuntos
Alcenos/farmacologia , Isquemia Encefálica/prevenção & controle , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/prevenção & controle , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Astrócitos/citologia , Astrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Western Blotting , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/metabolismo , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Masculino , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Springerplus ; 5(1): 658, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27347459

RESUMO

The genus Berchemia comprises important Chinese plants with considerable medicinal value; however, these plants are often misidentified in the herbal medicinal market. To differentiate the various morphotypes of Berchemia species, a proficient method employing the screening of universal DNA barcodes was used in this work. Three candidate barcoding loci, namely, psbA-trnH, rbcL, and the second internal transcribed spacer (ITS2), were used to identify an effective DNA barcode that can differentiate the various Berchemia species. Additionally, PCR amplification, efficient sequencing, intra- and inter-specific divergences, and DNA barcoding gaps were employed to assess the ability of each barcode to identify these diverse Berchemia plants authentically; the species were differentiated using the Kimura two-parameter and maximum composite likelihood methods. Sequence data analysis showed that the ITS2 region was the most suitable candidate barcode and exhibited the highest interspecific divergence among the three DNA-barcoding sequences. A clear differentiation was observed at the species level, in which a maximum distance of 0.264 was exhibited between dissimilar species. Clustal analysis also demonstrated that ITS2 clearly differentiated the test species in a more effective manner than that with the two other barcodes at both the hybrid and variety levels. Results indicate that DNA barcoding is ideal for species-level identification of Berchemia and provides a foundation for further identification at the molecular level of other Rhamnaceae medicinal plants.

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