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1.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 847163, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571218

RESUMO

Objective: Delayed enhancement cardiac CT is a reliable tool for the diagnosis of left atrial appendage thrombus but limited for scanning heterogeneity. We aimed to explore the improvement of the 1 and 3-min delay phase at the diagnostic level to detect left atrial appendage thrombus, in order to set up a reasonable CT scanning scheme. Materials and Methods: A total of 6,524 patients were continuously retrieved from January 2015 to September 2020 retrospectively. The patients had undergone Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and cardiac CT with complete period include the arterial enhancement phase, 1 and 3-min delay phase, TEE were used as the reference standard. The final study included 329 patients. Three experienced radiologists independently assessed each phase of the cardiac CT images for thrombus diagnosis. We explored the improvement of the diagnostic ability of different delayed contrast-enhanced phases for left atrial appendage thrombus detection. Multiple logistic regression analysis were used for further high-risk stratification to avoid an additional 1-min delayed scan. Results: In total, 29 thrombosis were detected at TEE. For all cardiac CT phases, sensitivity and negative predictive were 100%. The specificity were 0.54, 0.93, and 1.00, respectively; The positive predictive values (PPV) were 0.17, 0.57, and 1.00, respectively; Area under curve (AUC) were 0.75, 0.95, and 0.98, respectively. High risk factors that cannot be clearly diagnosed with 1-min delay phase included reduced cardiac function, increased CHA2DS2-VAScscore and left atrial enlargement. Compared with the arterial enhanced phase, increased radiation doses in the 1 and 3-min delay phases were 1.7 ± 1.3 msv and 1.5 ± 0.8 msv (mean ± standard deviation). Conclusion: Using TEE as the reference standard, early contrast-enhanced CT scanning with 1 and 3-min delay is necessary for the diagnosis of left appendage thrombus, which could significantly improve the diagnostic efficiency. Patients with high-risk stratification are suitable for direct 3-min delayed scanning.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 836: 155607, 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500708

RESUMO

Understanding of how changes in diverse human activities and climate contribute to water quality dynamics is crucial for sustainable water environment management especially in the arid and semi-arid regions. This study conducted a comprehensive estimation of the surface water quality change in the Yellow River basin during 2003-2017 and its responses to varied pollution sources and water volumes under socioeconomic and environmental influences. Basin-wide measurements of chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammonium nitrogen (NH+4-N) and dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations were used in trend detection. Annual anthropogenic (covering six sectors) and natural (sediment-induced, flow-in from the upstream and stored last year) pollution sources and water components (inflow, natural runoff, water consumption, reservoir storage and evaporation) were compiled for each sub-basin. Bottom-up hierarchical analysis was then performed to differentiate individual contributions. Results showed significant decreasing trends in COD and NH+4-N concentrations and increasing trends in DO concentrations. The middle reaches that traverse the Loess Plateau however remained severely polluted with 11.3-39.0% inferior to level III in 2017. The pollutant load played major positive contributions that gradually increased from upper to lower reaches. Declines in urban, rural and industrial pollution discharges following environmental investments and rural depopulation contributed the most: 78-96% for COD and 55-100% for NH+4-N. The total surface water volume had dilution effects in the upper and middle reaches (3-28%) and condensing effects in the lower reaches (2-37%). Precipitation and vegetation dynamics contributed slightly. The primary unfavorable factors were the growing agricultural pollution discharges and water consumption in the upper and middle reaches that also threatened the lower reaches. This study is expected to provide in-depth insights for the systematic response of regional water quality to combined human interventions and references for water quality management in other arid and semi-arid river basins worldwide.

3.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-66, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508433

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus is an important human commensal bacteria colonizing the human body, especially the nasal cavity. The nasal carriage can be a source of S. aureus bacteremia. However, the bacterial factors contributing to nasal colonization are not completely understood. By analyzing S. aureus strains from the nasal cavity of the children, young adults, and seniors, we found that the low activity of the SaeRS two-component system (TCS) is an important determinant for S. aureus to colonize in seniors. The senior group isolates of S. aureus showed a rather distinct sequence type composition as compared with other age group isolates. The senior group isolates showed not only a lower gene carriage of enterotoxins a, c, and q but also lower hemolytic activity against human red blood cells. Of regulators affecting hemolysin production (i.e., agr, saeRS, rot, rsp, and sarS), only the SaeRS TCS showed an age-dependent decrease of activity. The decreased virulence and better colonization ability of the senior group isolates of S. aureus were confirmed in the mouse model. The senior group isolates showed the lowest survival and the best adhesion and colonizing ability. Also, the senior nasal secretions supported S. aureus survival better than the children and young adult nasal secretions. These results indicated that the senior nasal cavity favors colonization of S. aureus with higher adhesion and lower virulence, to which the reduced SaeRS TCS activity contributes. Taken together, our results illustrate an example of bacterial adaptation to the changing host environment.

4.
PeerJ ; 10: e13360, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35529491

RESUMO

MicroRNAs play an important role in myogenic differentiation, they bind to target genes and regulate muscle formation. We previously found that miR-9-5p, which is related to bone formation, was increased over time during the process of myogenic differentiation. However, the mechanism by which miR-9-5p regulates myogenic differentiation remains largely unknown. In the present study, we first examined myotube formation and miR-9-5p, myogenesis-related genes including Dlx3, Myod1, Mef2c, Desmin, MyoG and Myf5 expression under myogenic induction. Then, we detected the expression of myogenic transcription factors after overexpression or knockdown of miR-9-5p or Dlx3 in the mouse premyoblast cell line C2C12 by qPCR, western blot and myotube formation under myogenic induction. A luciferase assay was performed to confirm the regulatory relationships between not only miR-9-5p and Dlx3 but also Dlx3 and its downstream gene, Myf5, which is an essential transcription factor of myogenic differentiation. The results showed that miR-9-5p promoted myogenic differentiation by increasing myogenic transcription factor expression and promoting myotube formation, but Dlx3 exerted the opposite effect. Moreover, the luciferase assay showed that miR-9-5p bound to the 3'UTR of Dlx3 and downregulated Dlx3 expression. Dlx3 in turn suppressed Myf5 expression by binding to the Myf5 promoter, ultimately inhibiting the process of myogenic differentiation. In conclusion, the miR-9-5p/Dlx3/Myf5 axis is a novel pathway for the regulation of myogenic differentiation, and can be a potential target to treat the diseases related to muscle dysfunction.

5.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 14(undefined)2022 05 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: HF is a common complication of MI. The underlying mechanisms of myocardial fibrosis in HF after MI are incompletely defined. Here, this study aims to investigate the role of PTX3 KD in HF after MI. METHODS: Bioinformatics analysis based on GSE86569 dataset was performed to explore the potential role of PTX3 in HF. Male C57/BL6J mice were administered with lentiviral vector encoding PTX3 KD or empty vector, and then underwent either coronary ligation or sham surgery. Echocardiography, Masson staining, and immunofluorescence counterstaining were conducted to evaluate the cardiac function and fibrosis. Cardiac fibroblasts were isolated and transfected with lentiviral vector encoding PTX3 KD in vitro to verify the in vivo findings. RESULTS: Bioinformatics analysis based on GSE86569 revealed the aberrant expression of PTX3 in HF patients. Echocardiography showed that PTX3 KD reversed the HF-induced cardiac dysfunction with better cardiac function parameters. Masson staining demonstrated that the obvious infarct and high fibrosis ratio in HF mice were remarkably improved after PTX3 KD. Immunofluorescence staining indicated that the HF-induced increase expression of α-SMA was significantly suppressed by PTX3 KD. Additionally, both in vivo and in vitro results confirmed that PTX3 KD decreased the fibrosis-related up-regulation of collagen I, collagen III, and p-STAT3. However, the result was opposite after IL-6 treatment. CONCLUSIONS: PTX3 KD protects the cardiac function and counteracts the myocardial fibrosis by down-regulating IL-6/STAT3 pathway in HF.

6.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1208: 339825, 2022 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525587

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis (AS) is the main cause of coronary heart disease, cerebral infarction and peripheral vascular disease, which is an important disease threatening human health. Abnormal levels of protein phosphorylation are closely related to the occurrence and development of diseases. Herein, the ratiometric fluorescence nanosensor (PCN/W- B@BSA) was prepared by using metal-organic frameworks (PCN-224) and fluorescent nanocluster wool-balls, which was applied for ratiometric fluorescence imaging of protein phosphorylation level in the AS mice model. Specific recognition of phosphorylation sites was achieved via specific interaction between active center Zr(IV) and phosphate. Using the two-photon property of porphyrin, the background is significantly reduced, and the sensitivity of imaging analysis is improved by combining with ratio imaging. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) was used to modify the surface of the nanosensor to reduce the non-specific adsorption and improve the biocompatibility of the nanosensor. Finally, the fluorescence nanosensor was successfully apply to fluorescence imaging of protein phosphorylation level in AS mice model, and the results showed that the protein phosphorylation level in the AS mice model was lower than that of the normal mice. The present study provides suitable fluorescence tool for further revealing phosphorylation related signaling pathways and disease mechanisms.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Animais , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes , Camundongos , Fosforilação , Carbonitrila de Pregnenolona , Soroalbumina Bovina , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos
7.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0195621, 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35579467

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory infectious disease responsible for many infections worldwide. Differences in respiratory microbiota may correlate with disease severity. Samples were collected from 20 severe and 51 mild COVID-19 patients. High-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene was used to analyze the bacterial community composition of the upper and lower respiratory tracts. The indices of diversity were analyzed. When one genus accounted for >50% of reads from a sample, it was defined as a super dominant pathobiontic bacterial genus (SDPG). In the upper respiratory tract, uniformity indices were significantly higher in the mild group than in the severe group (P < 0.001). In the lower respiratory tract, uniformity indices, richness indices, and the abundance-based coverage estimator were significantly higher in the mild group than in the severe group (P < 0.001). In patients with severe COVID-19, SDPGs were detected in 40.7% of upper and 63.2% of lower respiratory tract samples. In patients with mild COVID-19, only 10.8% of upper and 8.5% of lower respiratory tract samples yielded SDPGs. SDPGs were present in both upper and lower tracts in seven patients (35.0%), among which six (30.0%) patients possessed the same SDPG in the upper and lower tracts. However, no patients with mild infections had an SDPG in both tracts. Staphylococcus, Corynebacterium, and Acinetobacter were the main SDPGs. The number of SDPGs identified differed significantly between patients with mild and severe COVID-19 (P < 0.001). SDPGs in nasopharyngeal microbiota cause secondary bacterial infection in COVID-19 patients and aggravate pneumonia. IMPORTANCE The nasopharyngeal microbiota is composed of a variety of not only the true commensal bacterial species but also the two-face pathobionts, which are one a harmless commensal bacterial species and the other a highly invasive and deadly pathogen. In a previous study, we found that the diversity of nasopharyngeal microbiota was lost in severe influenza patients. We named the genus that accounted for over 50% of microbiota abundance as super dominant pathobiontic genus, which could invade to cause severe pneumonia, leading to high fatality. Similar phenomena were found here for SARS-CoV-2 infection. The diversity of nasopharyngeal microbiota was lost in severe COVID-19 infection patients. SDPGs in nasopharyngeal microbiota were frequently detected in severe COVID-19 patients. Therefore, the SDPGs in nasopharynx microbiota might invade into low respiratory and be responsible for secondary bacterial pneumonia in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection.

8.
Animal ; 16(6): 100532, 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35576638

RESUMO

Magnolol and its isomer honokiol are polyphenols with anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. We evaluated the effects of magnolol and honokiol supplementation alone or in combination with hen diets during the late laying cycle. A total of 540 Jingfen pink-shell laying hens (50 weeks old) were randomly assigned to six treatments: a control diet and diets supplemented with 300 mg/kg magnolol (M300), honokiol (H300), or 300 mg/kg total phenols with a magnolol/honokiol ratio of 2:1 (M200H100), 1:2 (M100H200), and 1:1 (M150H150). Compared with that of the control, all supplementation groups had higher laying rates and the M300, M100H200, and M150H150 groups showed comparatively lower feed conversion ratios. Magnolol and honokiol supplementation increased the Haugh units of fresh eggs at week 62 and alleviated the decline of the Haugh units of eggs stored for 14 days. Compared with that of the control group, the serum total antioxidant capacity of the M100H200 and M150H150 groups significantly increased, and all supplementation groups had higher total antioxidant capacity and lower malondialdehyde content in the liver. With respect to lipid metabolism, the M200H100 and M150H150 groups had lower total and relative liver weights compared with those of the control and H300 groups. The mRNA expression levels of CCAAT enhancer binding protein alpha, sterol regulatory element binding protein-1, fatty acid synthase and stearyl coenzyme A desaturase 1 involved in lipogenesis; microsomal triglyceride transfer protein and apolipoprotein B involved in fatty acid transport; and the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 beta were lower in all supplementation groups compared with those in the control. With respect to gut health, the heights of the jejunum and ileum villi significantly increased in all supplementation groups compared with those of the control, and the jejunum villus heights of the M300 and M150H150 groups were higher than those of the H300 and M100H200 groups. The H300 and M150H150 groups had higher mRNA expression levels of zonula occludens-1 in the ileum compared with those in the control and M300 groups, whereas all supplementation groups had higher mRNA levels of claudin-1 than that of the control group. In conclusion, magnolol and honokiol improved hen performance and the albumen quality of fresh and stored eggs by improving the antioxidant capacity, liver lipid metabolism, and intestinal health of laying hens. The combination of magnolol and honokiol at a 1:1 ratio may be an optimal choice for hen diet supplementation.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35546358

RESUMO

Thyroid dysfunction is known to be associated with obesity, but the reliability of this relationship is easily affected by drug treatment, age, and subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) with no apparent symptoms. Our research aims to compare obese and overweight BMI ranges with SCH and without SCH in a large sample of young, first-episode and drug-naïve (FEDN) patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), which has received little systemic investigation. A total of 1289 FEDN MDD young outpatients were recruited for this study. Serum thyroid function and lipid level parameters were measured; HAMD and PANSS scales were used to assess patients' depression and positive symptoms. A self-administered questionnaire collected other clinical and demographic data. The prevalence of SCH in FEDN MDD young patients was 58.26%. Compared to patients without SCH, the patients with SCH had a more prolonged illness duration, higher BMI levels, increased prevalence of overweight and obesity, higher HAMD score and PANSS-positive symptom scores, higher levels of TG, TC, LDL-C, and lower levels of HDL-C. Further logistic regression indicated that overweight BMI, obese BMI, illness duration, HAMD score, HDL-C, and TC were significantly associated with SCH. Our results indicate that obesity and overweight may be associated with SCH in young, FEDN MDD patients. The importance of regular thyroid function assessment in young FEDN MDD patients with high BMI should be taken into account.

10.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; : e9325, 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35560672

RESUMO

Rationale SCO-267 is a potent full agonist of G-protein-coupled receptor 40 (GPR40). As a promising therapeutic agent for type 2 diabetes mellitus, it is necessary to elucidate the metabolite profiles during the stage of drug development for safety consideration. METHODS: The in vitro metabolism was investigated by incubating SCO-267 (5 µM) with liver microsomes and hepatocytes (rat and human). For in vivo metabolism, SCO-267 (10 mg/kg) was orally administered to rats and plasma sample was collected. The metabolites were identified via the measurements of the accurate mass, elemental composition and daughter ions using liquid chromatography coupled to hybrid quadrupole orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-Orbitrap-MS). RESULTS: A total of 19 metabolites were structurally identified. M2 (hydroxyl-SCO-267), M15 (SCO-267-acyl-glucuronide), M16 (desmethyl-SCO-267) and M17 (desneopentyl-SCO-267) were verified with reference standards. M2, M11, M16 and M17 were the major metabolites originating from hydroxylation, O-demethylation and N-dealkylation, respectively. Phenotyping study with recombinant human P450 enzymes demonstrated that hydroxylation (M2 and M11) was mainly catalyzed by CYP2C8 and 3A4; demethylation (M16) was mainly catalyzed by CYP2D6, and less catalyzed by CYP2C8 and 3A4; and N-dealkylation (M17) was exclusively triggered by CYP3A4. CONCLUSION: Hydroxylation, O-demethylation, N-dealkylation and acyl glucuronidation were the major metabolic pathways of SCO-267. This is the first to discover the metabolic fates of SCO-267, which provided basis for safety assessment of this drug candidate.

11.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2022 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35462459

RESUMO

AIMS: Algicidal bacteria can be used for control of harmful algal bloom and extraction of algal bioproducts based on their algae-lysing activities. This work investigated the algae-lysing activity of a newly isolated algicidal bacterium, Paenibacillus polymyxa strain MEZ6 and its possible mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: Algicidal bacteria were isolated from soil samples collected at the university campus. Co-inoculation tests identified that one isolate, MEZ6, can rapidly kill eukaryotic algae including Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, Tribonema minus, Haematococcus pluvialis, and Chlorella ellipsoidea. The strain was determined as Paenibacillus polymyxa MEZ6 based on 16S rRNA gene sequence and genome comparisons. The algicidal activity was detected in both living cells and cell-free supernatant of spent culture medium, suggesting cell-cell contact is not required for algicidal activity. Strain MEZ6 was less active towards cyanobacterial strains compared to algae. Genomic sequence and comparative proteomic analyses were performed to explore the possible algicidal mechanisms of the strain. Differentially expressed protein analysis identified a number of proteins related to polysaccharides degradation and antimicrobial secondary metabolite biosynthesis that may be involved in the algicidal activity of MEZ6. CONCLUSION: Paenibacillus polymyxa MEZ6 is a newly discovered gram-positive algicidal bacterial strain with high lytic activity towards several algal species. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Our study extends the understanding of the versatile characters of Paenibacillus polymyxa and sheds new insights into its application in algae biotechnology.

12.
Transl Oncol ; 21: 101425, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35460941

RESUMO

Malignant melanoma is a highly aggressive, malignant, and drug-resistant tumor. It lacks an efficient treatment approach. In this study, we developed a novel anti-melanoma strategy by using anti-tapeworm drug niclosamide and anti-malarial drug quinacrine, and investigated the molecular mechanism by in vitro and in vivo assays. Meanwhile, other types of tumor cells, immortalized epithelial cells and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were used to evaluate the universal role of anti-cancer and safety of the strategy. The results showed, briefly, an exposure to niclosamide and quinacrine led to an increased apoptosis-related protein p53, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP and autophagy-related protein LC3B expression, and a decreased expression of autophagy-related protein p62, finally leading to cell apoptosis and autophage. After inhibiting autophagy by Baf-A1, flow cytometry and western blot showed that the expression of apoptosis-related proteins was down-regulated and the number of apoptotic cells decreased. Subsequently, in the siRNA-mediated p53 knockdown cells, the expression of apoptosis-related proteins and the number of apoptotic cells were also reduced, while the expression of autophagy-related proteins including LC3B, p62 did not change significantly. To sum up, we developed a new, safe strategy for melanoma treatment by using low doses of niclosamide and quinacrine to treat melanoma; and found a novel mechanism by which the combination application of low doses of niclosamide and quinacrine exerts an efficient anti-melanoma effect through activation of autophagy-mediated p53-dependent apoptosis. The novel strategy was verified to exert a universal anti-cancer role in other types of cancer.

13.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 8(4)2022 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35448637

RESUMO

Nematode-trapping (NT) fungi play a significant role in the biological control of plant- parasitic nematodes. NT fungi, as a predator, can differentiate into specialized structures called "traps" to capture, kill, and consume nematodes at a nutrient-deprived condition. Therefore, trap formation is also an important indicator that NT fungi transition from a saprophytic to a predacious lifestyle. With the development of gene knockout and multiple omics such as genomics, transcriptomics, and metabolomics, increasing studies have tried to investigate the regulation mechanism of trap formation in NT fungi. This review summarizes the potential regulatory mechanism of trap formation in NT fungi based on the latest findings in this field. Signaling pathways have been confirmed to play an especially vital role in trap formation based on phenotypes of various mutants and multi-omics analysis, and the involvement of small molecule compounds, woronin body, peroxisome, autophagy, and pH-sensing receptors in the formation of traps are also discussed. In addition, we also highlight the research focus for elucidating the mechanism underlying trap formation of NT fungi in the future.

14.
Cancer Res ; 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35442423

RESUMO

Immunosuppressive elements within the tumor microenvironment, such as tumor-associated macrophages (TAM), can present a barrier to successful anti-tumor responses by cytolytic T cells. Here we employed preclinical syngeneic p53 null mouse models of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) to develop a treatment regimen that harnessed the immunostimulatory effects of low-dose cyclophosphamide coupled with the pharmacologic inhibition of TAMs using either a small molecule CSF1R inhibitor or an anti-CSF1R antibody. This therapeutic combination was effective in treating several highly aggressive TNBC murine mammary tumor and lung metastasis models. Single cell RNA sequencing characterized tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) including helper T cells and antigen-presenting B cells that were highly enriched in responders to combination therapy. In one model that exhibited long-term post-treatment tumor regression, high dimensional imaging techniques identified the close spatial localization of B220+/CD86+-activated B cells and CD4+ T cells in tertiary lymphoid structures that were present up to 6 weeks post-treatment. The transcriptional and metabolic heterogeneity of TAMs was also characterized in two closely related claudin-low/mesenchymal subtype tumor models with differential treatment responses. A murine TAM signature derived from the T12 model was highly conserved in human claudin-low breast cancers, and high expression of the TAM signature correlated with reduced overall survival in breast cancer patients. This TAM signature may help identify human claudin-low breast cancer patients that will benefit from the combination of cyclophosphamide and anti-CSF1R therapy. These studies illustrate the complexity of the tumor immune microenvironment and highlight different immune responses that result from rational immunotherapy combinations.

15.
Bioengineered ; 13(4): 10956-10972, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35484984

RESUMO

Ovarian cancers are the major cause of mortality for women worldwide. This study was aimed to elucidate the biological activities of CCDC106 in the proliferation and invasion of mutant p53 and of wild-type p53 ovarian cancer cells. CAOV3 (mutant p53) cells showed high expression levels of CCDC106, but it was expressed at low levels in SKOV3 (mutant p53) and in A2780 (wild-type p53) cells. The overexpression of CCDC106 promoted the expression of proliferation markers (cyclin family members), invasion and Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers (claudin-1, claudin-4, N-cadherin, snail, slug) while the knockdown of CCDC106 inhibited their expression in mutant p53 cells but not in wild-type p53 cells. Treatment with a CK2 inhibitor blocked the translocation of CCDC106 into the nuclei of mutant p53 cells. Immunoprecipitation assays confirmed that ATF4 is a potential binding partner of CCDC106. The overexpression of CCDC106 reduced p21 and p27 protein expression levels while treatment with an ATF4 siRNA rescued their expression. The overexpression of CCDC106 promoted colony formation and invasion of mutant p53 cells, which was suppressed by treatment with an ATF4 siRNA. Immunohistochemistry results showed that CCDC106 and ATF4 are expressed at high levels but p21 is expressed at low levels in FIGO III-IV stage and in mutant p53 ovarian cancer samples. A significant association between poor overall survival and high CCDC106 and ATF4 expression levels was observed in human ovarian cancer samples. In conclusion, CCDC106 promotes proliferation, invasion and EMT of mutant p53 ovarian cancer cells via the ATF4 mediated inhibition of p21.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ovarianas , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
16.
Toxicon ; 212: 11-18, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35390424

RESUMO

Ricin toxin (RT) is one of the most lethal type II ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIP), and is classified as a potential bioterror agent due to its severe cytotoxicity and high availability. The toxicity of RT is dependent on both dose and route of exposure. Increasing evidence demonstrates that sub-lethal RT induces acute inflammation and increases the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines. However, current studies on mechanism of RT-induced inflammation are limited. In this study, to evaluate the relationship between miRNAs and RT-induced inflammation, RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) was used to analyze the expression of miRNAs and mRNAs in RT-treated RAW264.7 macrophage cells. A total of 14 significantly differently expressed (DE) miRNAs and 323 miRNA-mRNA interaction pairs were predicted by bioinformatics analysis. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis revealed that majority of those interaction pairs were involved in PI3K/Akt pathway. In addition, overexpression of miR-221-5p promoted the inflammatory response by inhibiting the mRNA expression of COL4a5. This work contributes to our understanding of RT-induced inflammation and demonstrates the potential role of miRNAs in innate immunity, which may be regarded as potential targets in developing therapies for RT poisoning.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Ricina , Colágeno Tipo IV/toxicidade , Humanos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Ricina/toxicidade , Transdução de Sinais
17.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 819460, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35391840

RESUMO

To assess the diagnostic performance of fractional flow reserve (FFR) derived from coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) (CT-FFR) obtained by a new computational fluid dynamics (CFD) algorithm to detect ischemia, using FFR as a reference, and analyze the characteristics of "gray zone" and misdiagnosed lesions. This prospective multicenter clinical trial (NCT03692936, https://clinicaltrials.gov/) analyzed 317 patients with coronary stenosis between 30 and 90% in 366 vessels from five centers undergoing CTA and FFR between November 2018 and March 2020. CT-FFR were obtained from a CFD algorithm (Heartcentury Co., Ltd., Beijing, China). Diagnostic performance of CT-FFR and CTA in detecting ischemia was assessed. Coronary atherosclerosis characteristics of gray zone and misdiagnosed lesions were analyzed. Per-vessel sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for CT-FFR and CTA were 89.9, 87.8, 88.8% and 89.3, 35.5, 60.4%, respectively. Accuracy of CT-FFR was 80.0% in gray zone lesions. In gray zone lesions, lumen area and diameter were significantly larger than lesions with FFR < 0.76 (both p < 0.001), lesion length, non-calcified and calcified plaque volume were all significantly higher than non-ischemic lesions (all p < 0.05). In gray zone lesions, Agatston score (OR = 1.009, p = 0.044) was the risk factor of false negative results of CT-FFR. In non-ischemia lesions, coronary stenosis >50% (OR = 2.684, p = 0.03) was the risk factor of false positive results. Lumen area (OR = 0.567, p = 0.02) and diameter (OR = 0.296, p = 0.03) had a significant negative effect on the risk of false positive results of CT-FFR. In conclusion, CT-FFR based on the new parameter-optimized CFD model provides better diagnostic performance for lesion-specific ischemia than CTA. For gray zone lesions, stenosis degree was less than those with FFR < 0.76, and plaque load was heavier than non-ischemic lesions.

18.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(7)2022 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35407238

RESUMO

Thin-Film Thermocouples (TFTCs) are characterized by their high spatial resolutions, low cost, high efficiency and low interference on the air flow. However, the thermal stability of TFTCs should be further improved for application since their accuracy is influenced by joule heat and temperature time drift. In this paper, 3D molecular dynamics and finite element analysis are used for structural design. The effects of RF magnetron sputtering power and gas flow rate on conductivity and temperature time drift rate (DT) of high thermal stability tungsten-rhenium (95% W/5% Re vs. 74% W/26% Re) TFTCs were analyzed. According to the experimental results, the average Seebeck coefficient reached 31.1 µV/°C at 900 °C temperature difference (hot junction 1040 °C) with a repeatability error at ±1.37% in 33 h. The conductivity is 17.1 S/m, which is approximately 15.2 times larger than the compared tungsten-rhenium sample we presented, and the DT is 0.92 °C/h (1040 °C for 5 h), which is 9.5% of the old type we presented and 4.5% of compared ITO sample. The lumped capacity method test shows that the response time is 11.5 ms at 300 °C. This indicated an important significance in real-time temperature measurement for narrow spaces, such as the aero-engine combustion chamber.

19.
Neurochem Int ; 157: 105341, 2022 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35429577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: After cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, activated microglia can be polarized towards different phenotypes (the proinflammatory M1 phenotype or the anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype) to regulate neuroinflammation. Our previous research showed that DJ-1 has anti-inflammatory effects in cerebral I/R. Here, we examined whether the neuroprotective effect of DJ-1 is related to the autophagy-associated Atg5-Atg12-Atg161L1 complex and whether Sirt1 is involved in the influence of DJ-1 by mediating microglial polarization and ameliorating cerebral I/R injury. METHODS: To answer these questions, we adopted the middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R) model to simulate I/R injury, knocked down the expression of DJ-1 with siRNA, and used the chemical inhibitor EX-527 to inhibit the expression of Sirt1. Related indexes were evaluated by Western blotting, immunoprecipitation and transmission electron microscopy. RESULTS: Interference with DJ-1 promotes the polarization of microglia from the anti-inflammatory phenotype to the proinflammatory phenotype. Addition of a Sirt1 inhibitor following DJ-1 interference enhances the effect of DJ-1 interference on microglial polarization, decreases the level of the Atg5-Atg12-Atg16L1 complex, and inhibits autophagy. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that DJ-1 regulates the polarization of microglia during cerebral I/R injury, possibly by activating the Atg5-Atg12-Atg16L1 complex through Sirt1 to promote autophagy.

20.
Acta Neuropathol ; 143(6): 641-662, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35471463

RESUMO

Approximately half of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains have concomitant Lewy pathology at autopsy, suggesting that α-synuclein (α-SYN) aggregation is a regulated event in the pathogenesis of AD. Genome-wide association studies revealed that the ε4 allele of the apolipoprotein E (APOE4) gene, the strongest genetic risk factor for AD, is also the most replicated genetic risk factor for Lewy body dementia (LBD), signifying an important role of APOE4 in both amyloid-ß (Aß) and α-SYN pathogenesis. How APOE4 modulates α-SYN aggregation in AD is unclear. In this study, we aimed to determine how α-SYN is associated with AD-related pathology and how APOE4 impacts α-SYN seeding and toxicity. We measured α-SYN levels and their association with other established AD-related markers in brain samples from autopsy-confirmed AD patients (N = 469), where 54% had concomitant LB pathology (AD + LB). We found significant correlations between the levels of α-SYN and those of Aß40, Aß42, tau and APOE, particularly in insoluble fractions of AD + LB. Using a real-time quaking-induced conversion (RT-QuIC) assay, we measured the seeding activity of soluble α-SYN and found that α-SYN seeding was exacerbated by APOE4 in the AD cohort, as well as a small cohort of autopsy-confirmed LBD brains with minimal Alzheimer type pathology. We further fractionated the soluble AD brain lysates by size exclusion chromatography (SEC) ran on fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC) and identified the α-SYN species (~ 96 kDa) that showed the strongest seeding activity. Finally, using human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived neurons, we showed that amplified α-SYN aggregates from AD + LB brain of patients with APOE4 were highly toxic to neurons, whereas the same amount of α-SYN monomer was not toxic. Our findings suggest that the presence of LB pathology correlates with AD-related pathologies and that APOE4 exacerbates α-SYN seeding activity and neurotoxicity, providing mechanistic insight into how APOE4 affects α-SYN pathogenesis in AD.

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