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1.
Food Chem ; 369: 130895, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34438343

RESUMO

Quinoa starch nanoparticles (QSNPs) prepared by nanoprecipitation method under the optimal condition was developed as a carrier for quercetin. The QSNPs prepared under the optimal condition (90 DMSO/H2O ratio, 10 ethanol/solvent ratio, and ultrasonic oscillation dispersion mode) had the smallest particle size and polymer dispersity index through full factorial design. Compared with maize starch nanoparticles (MSNPs), QSNPs exhibited a smaller particle size of 166.25 nm and a higher loading capacity of 26.62%. Starch nanoparticles (SNPs) interacted with quercetin through hydrogen bonding. V-type crystal structures of SNPs were disappeared and their crystallinity increased after loading with quercetin. QSNPs was more effective in protecting and prolonging quercetin bioactivity because of their small particle sizes and high loading capacities. This study will be useful for preparing starch-based carrier used to load sensitive bioactive compounds.


Assuntos
Chenopodium quinoa , Nanopartículas , Tamanho da Partícula , Quercetina , Amido
2.
Nutr Diabetes ; 11(1): 33, 2021 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732690

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a major contributor to end-stage renal disease. Several microRNAs (miRNAs) have been found to be enriched in exosomes of DKD patients, but it remains unclear if any of these miRNAs play an important role in the pathogenesis of DKD. METHODS: Exosomes from diabetic kidney disease (DKD) patients were isolated, and the expression of miR-4449 was measured by qRT-PCR. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) was determined by DCDFA assay kit, and pyroptosis was measured by quantifying the level of activated caspase 1. mRNA and protein levels were quantified by qRT-PCR and WB. RESULTS: In this study, we demonstrated that miR-4449 is enriched in the serum exosomes of DKD patients, and these exosomes regulate the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, ROS levels, and pyroptosis through miR-4449. CONCLUSIONS: Our study uncovered a novel mechanism for the progression of DKD that is mediated through miR-4449 in serum exosomes, which highlights an important role for exosomes in the pathogenesis of DKD.

3.
Front Genet ; 12: 728418, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777464

RESUMO

A high-quality genome is of significant value when seeking to control forest pests such as Dendrolimus kikuchii, a destructive member of the order Lepidoptera that is widespread in China. Herein, a high quality, chromosome-level reference genome for D. kikuchii based on Nanopore, Pacbio HiFi sequencing and the Hi-C capture system is presented. Overall, a final genome assembly of 705.51 Mb with contig and scaffold N50 values of 20.89 and 24.73 Mb, respectively, was obtained. Of these contigs, 95.89% had unique locations on 29 chromosomes. In silico analysis revealed that the genome contained 15,323 protein-coding genes and 63.44% repetitive sequences. Phylogenetic analyses indicated that D. kikuchii may diverged from the common ancestor of Thaumetopoea. Pityocampa, Thaumetopoea ni, Heliothis virescens, Hyphantria armigera, Spodoptera frugiperda, and Spodoptera litura approximately 122.05 million years ago. Many gene families were expanded in the D. kikuchii genome, particularly those of the Toll and IMD signaling pathway, which included 10 genes in peptidoglycan recognition protein, 19 genes in MODSP, and 11 genes in Toll. The findings from this study will help to elucidate the mechanisms involved in protection of D. kikuchii against foreign substances and pathogens, and may highlight a potential channel to control this pest.

4.
ACS Cent Sci ; 7(10): 1638-1649, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729407

RESUMO

The biology of human granzymes remains enigmatic in part due to our inability to probe their functions outside of in vitro assays or animal models with divergent granzyme species. We hypothesize that the biology of human granzymes could be better elaborated with a translational imaging technology to reveal the contexts in which granzymes are secreted and biochemically active in vivo. Here, we advance toward this goal by engineering a Granzyme targeting Restricted Interaction Peptide specific to family member B (GRIP B) to measure secreted granzyme B (GZMB) biochemistry with positron emission tomography. A proteolytic cleavage of 64Cu-labeled GRIP B liberates a radiolabeled form of Temporin L, which sequesters the radioisotope by binding to adjacent phospholipid bilayers. Thus, at extended time points postinjection (i.e., hours, not seconds), tissue biodistribution of the radioisotope in vivo reflects relative units of the GZMB activity. As a proof of concept, we show in three syngeneic mouse cancer models that 64Cu-GRIP B detects GZMB from T cells activated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (CPI). Remarkably, the radiotracer detects the proteolysis within tumors but also in lymphoid tissue, where immune cells are activated by a systemic CPI. Control experiments with an uncleavable analogue of 64Cu-GRIP B and tumor imaging studies in germline GZMB knockout mice were applied to show that 64Cu-GRIP B is specific for GZMB proteolysis. Furthermore, we explored a potential noncytotoxic function for GZMB by applying 64Cu-GRIP B to a model of pulmonary inflammation. In summary, we demonstrate that granzyme biochemistry can be assessed in vivo using an imaging modality that can be scaled vertically into human subjects.

5.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(18): 1401, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733953

RESUMO

Background: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a common cause of heart failure. Cardiac remodeling is the main pathological change in DCM, yet the molecular mechanism is still unclear. Therefore, the present study aims to find potential crucial genes and regulators through bulk and single-cell transcriptomic analysis. Methods: Three microarray datasets of DCM (GSE57338, GSE42955, GSE79962) were chosen from gene expression omnibus (GEO) to analyze the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). LASSO regression, SVM-RFE, and PPI network methods were then carried out to identify key genes. Another dataset (GSE116250) was used to validate these findings. To further identify DCM-associated specific cell types, transcription factors, and cell-cell interaction networks, GSEA, SCENIC, and CellPhoneDB were conducted on public datasets for single-cell RNA sequencing analysis of DCM (GSE109816 and GSE121893). Finally, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blot, and immunohistochemical were performed to validate DPT expression in fibroblasts and DCM. Results: There were 281 DEGs between DCM and non-failing donors. CCL5 and DPT were identified to be key genes and both genes had a 0.844 area under the receiver operating curve (AUC) in the validation dataset. Further single-cell sequencing analysis revealed three main findings: (I) DPT was mainly expressed in fibroblasts and was significantly upregulated in DCM fibroblasts; (II) DPT+ fibroblasts were involved in the organization of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and collagen fibrils and were regulated by the transcription factor STAT3; and (III) DPT+ fibroblasts had high interactions with endothelial cells through including Ephrin-Eph, ACKR-CXCL, and JAG-NOTCH signal pathways. RT-PCR, western blot, and immunohistochemical confirmed that DPT was highly expressed and co-localized with Vimentin and p-STAT3 in DCM patients. STAT3 inhibitor S3I-201 reduced the expression of DPT in mouse cardiac fibroblasts. Conclusions: DPT could be used as a diagnostic marker and therapeutic target of DCM. DPT+ fibroblasts could be a novel regulator of the cardiac remodeling process in DCM.

6.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(10): 11617-11624, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786087

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The combined use of drug coated balloon (DCB) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) for the treatment of non-small coronary de novo lesion remains to be evaluated. We investigated the safety and efficacy of OCT-guided DCB in non-small coronary de novo lesion patients with predilation of cutting balloon. METHODS: https://clinicaltrials.gov/, ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04795144. This study was a prospective, and open-label study. We enrolled patients with non-small de novo lesions treated with OCT-guided DCB. The non-small de novo lesions indicated vessel lesions with a diameter ≥ 2.5 mm. The primary endpoints were the success rate of the procedure and the occurrence of target lesion revascularization. The secondary endpoints were myocardial infarction, cardiac death, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) within 3 months after the procedure. RESULTS: At the Second Hospital of Jilin University, we enrolled 54 patients (54 lesions) with non-small de novo lesions who were treated with OCT-guided DCB from October 2018 to June 2019. A total of 52 patients were successfully treated with DCB-only strategy, while 2 patients turned to bailout stenting. A total of 21 patients had undergone angiography 3 months after the procedure with the late lumen loss of 0.24±0.57 mm. There was no statistically significant difference in minimal lumen diameter (MLD) between post-DCB and at 3-month angiographic follow-up (2.25±0.40 mm vs 2.04±0.54 mm; P = 0.110). Only 1 patient developed restenosis with the incidence of MACE rate of only 1.92% (n = 1). There was no significant difference in the stenosis of the lumen diameter of the target lesion vessel between 3 months after operation and immediately after operation. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that OCT-guided DCB with cutting balloon under guidance may be a novel approach in non-small de novo coronary artery disease.

7.
New Phytol ; 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34773641

RESUMO

Soil salinity and drought limit sweet potato yield. Scavenging of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by peroxidases (PRXs) is essential during plant stress responses, but how PRX expression is regulated under abiotic stress is not well understood. Here, we report that the B-box (BBX) family transcription factor IbBBX24 activates the expression of the class III peroxidase gene IbPRX17 by binding to its promoter. Overexpression of IbBBX24 and IbPRX17 significantly improved the tolerance of sweet potato to salt and drought stresses, while reducing IbBBX24 expression increased their susceptibility. Under abiotic stress, IbBBX24- and IbPRX17-overexpression lines showed higher peroxidase activity and lower H2 O2 accumulation compared to the wild type. RNA sequencing analysis revealed that IbBBX24 modulates the expression of genes encoding ROS scavenging enzymes, including PRXs. Moreover, interaction between IbBBX24 and the APETALA2 (AP2) protein IbTOE3 enhances the ability of IbBBX24 to activate IbPRX17 transcription. Overexpression of IbTOE3 improved the tolerance of tobacco plants to salt and drought stresses by scavenging ROS. Together, our findings elucidate the mechanism underlying the IbBBX24-IbTOE3-IbPRX17 module in response to abiotic stress in sweet potato and identify candidate genes for developing elite crop varieties with enhanced abiotic stress tolerance.

9.
J Immunol Res ; 2021: 5539008, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708132

RESUMO

Wang-Bi capsule (WB) is a traditional Chinese medicine formula and has been applied for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment for many years. However, its underlying molecular mechanisms still remain unclear. In this study, collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats were used to observe the therapeutic effect of WB used at different time points, and the proteomic analysis of synovial tissue was applied to reveal its basic molecular mechanisms. The results demonstrated that WB not only effectively ameliorated the symptoms and synovitis, but also downregulated the serum levels of inflammatory cytokines/chemokines in CIA rats. Furthermore, the proteomic analysis of synovial tissue showed that WB could regulate several signaling pathways associated with inflammation or cell migration, such as "IL-1 signaling," "IL-8 signaling," and "CXCR4 signaling." The expression levels of proteins including matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3), MMP19, lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP), serine/threonine kinase interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4), and actin-related protein 2/3 complex subunit 5 (ARPC5) in these pathways were downregulated significantly by WB when compared with the model group. In sum, this study indicated that WB had obvious inhibitory effects on synovitis of CIA rats, and the mechanisms of which may be involved in downregulating the expression levels of several key proteins including MMP3, MMP19, LBP, IRAK4, and ARPC5.

10.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(5): 566-569, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636205

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the incidence and severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in cleft patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) after pharyngeal flap surgery (PFS) and explore the influence of operation age. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in 82 cleft patients after PFS. The patients were divided into two groups according to their age at the time of surgery. The incidence and severity of OSA were assessed at least 1.2 years (mean 6.0 years) postoperatively by polysomnography (PSG). RESULTS: The incidence rates of OSA were 20% in the adult group and 31% in the child group. No significant difference was found between the two groups (P=0.289). Patients with OSA in the adult and child groups were classified into different levels of severity (mild, moderate, severe) according to the apnea hypoventilation index (AHI). No statistically significant difference in the severity of OSA was found between the two groups (P=0.079). CONCLUSIONS: Some patients still have OSA average of 6.0 years after PFS, and operation ageis unrelated to the incidence and severity of OSA.


Assuntos
Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Insuficiência Velofaríngea , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Faringe , Polissonografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Velofaríngea/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Velofaríngea/etiologia
11.
ACS Nano ; 15(10): 16376-16394, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612641

RESUMO

Harvesting solar energy for vapor generation is an appealing technology that enables substantial eco-friendly applications to overcome the long-standing global challenge of water and energy crisis. Nonetheless, an undesirable low light utilization efficiency and large heat losses impede their practical use. Here, we demonstrate a typical design paradigm capable of achieving superb nonconvective flow assisted water collecting rates of 2.09 kg/m2h under 1 sun irradiation with a high photothermal conversion efficiency of up to 97.6%. The high performance is ensured by an elaborately constructed coaxial copper@polypyrrole nanowire aerogel with surpassing photons acquisition and thermal localization capabilities. Using state-of-the-art micro-/nanoscale measurements and multiphysics calculations, we show that the metallic copper nanowire core can effectively excite surface plasmon resonance, which induces swift relaxation dynamics to achieve a highly efficient light-to-heat conversion process. A thin polypyrrole layer dramatically enhances broadband light absorption with minimized infrared radiation and low thermal conduction, leading to an impressive local heat concentration as high as 220 °C under 4 sun irradiation. Engineered empty space inside aerogel assembly of building blocks further facilitates large light penetration depth, smooth mass transfer, and robust mechanical capacity for synergistically boosting actual presentation. This work provides not only a rational design principle to create sophisticated solar-thermal materials but also critical information that complements insights about heat generation and temperature confinement in a scale-span system during strong light-matter interaction processes.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711543

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the most ordinary metabolic disorders and manifests as a high blood sugar level; 80%-90% of patients with T2DM will develop high blood pressure (HBP), which exacerbates irreversible organ damage. Understanding the metabolic basis of HBP is essential to facilitating early diagnosis and prompt treatments of diabetic complications. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: 34 patients who originally had T2DM and then developed HBP within 1 year were selected from physical examination participants. Using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight metabolomic analysis, we compared the metabolomic profile of patients with 30 healthy controls. The results showed a clear discrimination in metabolomic profiles between T2DM and T2DM+HBP when employing orthogonal projection to latent structure with discriminant analysis with electrospray ionization modes. RESULTS: Eight differential metabolites changed significantly during disease progression, among which L-isoleucine, L-glutamic acid, pyroglutamic acid and linoleic acid decreased, while sphinganine, Cer(d18:0/16:0), Cer(d18:0/18:0), and citric acid increased. These metabolites are associated with the γ-glutamyl cycle, tricarboxylic acid cycle, and ceramide metabolism. CONCLUSIONS: These novel serum biomarkers may improve the management of T2DM and HBP complications, thus reducing the use of incorrect medical care.

13.
J Affect Disord ; 298(Pt A): 217-223, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression is a common mental disorder associated with sleep problems and the circadian clock genes may underlie the relationship between the two in clinical samples. However, little is known about whether poor sleep quality is associated with depressive symptom in healthy individuals and whether is mediated by specific single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, 444 university staff members were randomly recruited in Beijing. We used the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) to measure sleep quality, the Zung's Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) to measure depressive symptom, and the Work Stress Scale to measure job stress. The CLOCK gene rs12649507 polymorphism was genotyped in 289 blood samples. RESULTS: There were positive inter-correlations between job stress, PSQI and SDS (almost ps < 0.05). GG homozygotes of the SNP had higher PSQI and its sleep duration and daytime dysfunction scores than AA homozygotes (all Bonferroni corrected ps0.05). The SNP had no main effect on the SDS and did not interact with job stress to affect SDS, PSQI and its dimensions (all ps > 0.05). Interestingly, after controlling for job stress and covariates, the significant effect size of the SNP on the SDS mediated by the PSQI was 0.68 (95% CI [0.24, 1.35]). LIMITATIONS: Some limitations included single professional background, cross-sectional study design, small sample size and potential confounding factors, which could be amended by future research. CONCLUSIONS: Non-clinical Chinese carrying CLOCK gene rs12649507 G-allele may lead to poor sleep quality and further depression symptoms.

14.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 30(4): 414-418, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34693437

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the retention ability of fixed Twin-block appliance and its clinical effect on adolescent skeletal ClassⅡmalocclusion. METHODS: Twenty-six skeletal ClassⅡdivision 1 adolescents (M:12, F: 14; age:11~13 years, average: 11.8 years) were chosen and fixed Twin-block appliance was used to guide the mandibular protrusion for one year. Before and after treatment, cephalometric films were taken to observe the skeletal, dental and soft tissue changes. Graphpad Prism 6.0 software was used for Student's t test. RESULTS: There was no loosening or destruction of the appliance during the treatment and the profile of all cases was improved significantly. The indexes that showed significant difference(P<0.05) included the mandibular length and position (Co-Gn, SNB, ANB, Pog-VL, Pos-VL) , the inclination and position of the maxillary incisors(U1-VL, U1-SN), the sagittal position of the mandibular dentition(L1-VL, L6-VL). The indexes that showed insignificant difference(P>0.05) included the mandibular plane(MP-SN), the length and position of the maxilla (SNA, A-VL) , the vertical position of the maxillary incisor(U1-HL), the position of the maxillary posterior teeth(U6-VL, U6-HL), the mandibular incisor inclination(IMPA) and the vertical position of the mandibular dentition(L6-MP,L1-MP). CONCLUSIONS: Fixed Twin-block appliance can enhance the mandibular anchorage, effectively promote the mandibular growth and improve the facial profile.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Adolescente , Cefalometria , Humanos , Incisivo , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Mandíbula , Maxila
15.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2021 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plutella xylostella, one of the most destructive and cosmopolitan pests of cruciferous crops, is especially harmful to the young tissues of the flowering cabbage (Brassica campestris L.). Although emamectin benzoate (EB) has high insecticidal activity against P. xylostella, one major reason of low utilization for EB is the lack of internal transport in the young plants. RESULTS: In this study, four kinds of functional EB/polysuccinimide (PSI) with glycine methylester nanoparticles (EB@PGA NPs) were prepared. The obtained EB@PGA NPs could effectively protect EB from photolysis, and the degradation rate of EB@PGA NPs was <30% in 24 h. Simulating the intestinal pH = 9 of P. xylostella, the highest cumulative release rate of EB@PGA NPs could reach 89.61% in 24 h. Furthermore, EB@PGA NPs could delivery EB into the young tissues of the flowering cabbage through the nanocarrier, and the highest transport efficiency of EB@PGA25 reached 1.437%. The bioactivity of EB@PGA25 against P. xylostella larvae (LC50  = 0.34 µg mL-1 ) was 1.6-fold higher than that of EB (LC50  = 0.53 µg mL-1 ). EB@PGA could easily become 'internalized' into the intestinal wall of P. xylostella, thus increasing the penetration of the drug and enhancing the insecticidal activity. CONCLUSION: The accurate delivery of insecticides by PGA nanocarriers into young tissues of plants could be a promising new method for the efficient management of field pests and diseases.

16.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(10): 898, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599154

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a common lung pathology that is accompanied by alveolar macrophage (AM) activation and inflammatory response. This study investigated the role of the long non-coding RNA NONRATT004344 (hereafter named lncRNA NLRP3) in regulating the Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3)-triggered inflammatory response in early ALI and the underlying mechanism as well. We established LPS-induced ALI models to explore their interactive mechanisms in vitro and in vivo. Luciferase reporter assays were performed to determine that miR-138-5p could bind to lncRNA NLRP3 and NLRP3. We observed increased lncRNA NLRP3 expression, decreased miR-138-5p expression, NLRP3 inflammasome activation, and upregulated caspase-1, IL-1ß, and IL-18 expression in the LPS-induced ALI model. Furthermore, lncRNA NLRP3 overexpression activated the NLRP3 inflammasome and promoted IL-1ß and IL-18 secretion; the miR-138-5p mimic abolished these effects in vivo and in vitro. Consistently, miR-138-5p inhibition reversed the effects of lncRNA NLRP3 silencing on the expression of NLRP3-related molecules and inhibition of the NLRP3/caspase-1/IL-1ß signalling pathway. Mechanistically, lncRNA NLRP3 sponging miR-138-5p facilitated NLRP3 activation through a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) mechanism. In summary, our results suggested that lncRNA NLRP3 binding miR-138-5p promotes NLRP3-triggered inflammatory response via lncRNA NLRP3/miR-138-5p/NLRP3 ceRNA network (ceRNET) and provides insights into the treatment of early ALI.

17.
Poult Sci ; 100(12): 101492, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695632

RESUMO

In order to investigate the effect of intermittent mild cold stimulation (IMCS) on immune function of spleens and adaptability to cold stress in broilers, 400 healthy 1-day-old Ross-308 chickens were divided into 5 groups: CC (control) reared in normal thermal environment from 1 to 49 d; CS3, CS4, CS5, and CS6 (treatments) raised at 3°C below the temperature of CC for 3, 4, 5, or 6 h at 1-d intervals from 15 to 35 d, respectively. Subsequently, CS3-6 was raised at 20°C from 36 to 49 d. At 50 d, all groups were exposed to acute cold stress (ACS) for 12 h. The spleen immunity index at 22, 29, 36, 43, and 49 d, expression levels of toll-like receptors (TLRs), cytokines and immunoglobulins at 22, 43, and 49 d and heat shock proteins (HSPs) before and after ACS at 50 d were examined. The spleen index of broilers aged 22 to 49 d did not differ between CS and CC (P > 0.05), and the spleen index of CS5 was higher than that of CS3 at 49 d (P < 0.05). The mRNA levels of TLR5, TLR15, TLR21, and IL-2 in CS3, TLR3, TLR4, TLR15, TLR21, IL-2, IL-6, and IFN-ϒ in CS4, TLR1, TLR3, TLR4, TLR21, IL-2, IFN-a, IFN-ϒ, IgA, and IgG in CS6, but all TLRs, immunoglobulins and cytokines except IFN-ϒ in CS5 differential expressed stably compared with CC at 43 and 49 d (P < 0.05). Compared with Pre-ACS, the mRNA levels of HSP60, HSP70, and HSP90 were upregulated in CS after ACS (P < 0.05). Except for HSP90 mRNA and HSP70 protein in CS6, and HSP90 protein in CS3, the levels of HSPs after ACS in all treatment groups were higher than those in CC (P < 0.05), and the highest HSPs levels after ACS were found in CS5. We concluded that IMCS could enhance immunity of spleens and adaptability to ACS in broilers, besides CS5 was the optimal program.

18.
Cell Calcium ; 100: 102483, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628110

RESUMO

Previous studies, including our own, have demonstrated that transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is involved in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury, yet its underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we isolated mice hearts for a Langendorff perfusion test and used HL-1 myocytes for in vitro assessments. We first confirmed that TRPV4 agonist (GSK101) enhanced myocardial IR injury, as demonstrated by the reduced recovery of cardiac function, larger myocardial infarct size, and more apoptotic cells. We also found that GSK101 could further increase the phosphorylation of JNK and CaMKII in isolated hearts during IR. Notably, GSK101 dose-dependently evoked the phosphorylation of JNK and CaMKII in isolated normal hearts. All above GSK101-induced effects could be significantly blocked by the pharmacological inhibition or genetic ablation of TRPV4. More importantly, JNK inhibition (with SP600125) or CaMKII inhibition (with KN93 or in transgenic AC3-I mice) could prevent GSK101-induced myocardial injury during IR. In HL-1 myocytes, GSK101 triggered Ca2+ influx and evoked the phosphorylation of JNK and CaMKII but these effects were abolished by removing extracellular Ca2+ or in the presence of a TRPV4 antagonist. Finally, we showed that in HL-1 myocytes and isolated hearts during IR, JNK inhibition significantly inhibited the phosphorylation of CaMKII induced by GSK101 but CaMKII inhibition had no effect on JNK activation induced by GSK101. Our data suggest that TRPV4 activation exacerbates myocardial IR injury via the JNK-CaMKII phosphorylation pathway.

19.
Water Sci Technol ; 84(6): 1417-1427, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559076

RESUMO

An excellent magnetic multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MMWCNT) containing carboxyl material modified with ferroferric oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles was synthesized as the adsorbent for magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) of five heavy metal ions (Pb2+, Cu2+, Co2+, Cd2+, Cr4+) in water samples followed by on-line inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) detection. The characteristics of the adsorbent were analyzed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Some factors affecting extraction efficiency including pH of sample solution, the amount of adsorbent, extraction method and time, concentration and volume of desorption solvent, desorption time and evaluation of coexisting ions were optimized. Under the optimum conditions, good linearity (r ≥ 0.9951) was obtained within the range of 0.1-50.0 ng·mL-1. The limits of detection (LODs) and limits of quantification (LOQs) were 4.0-25.0 ng·L-1 and 15.0-80.0 ng·L-1, respectively. And satisfactory recoveries of five heavy metal ions ranged from 81.11% to 105.53% were acquired, and the relative standard deviations (RSDs) were no more than 6.05%. The MMWCNT synthesized had strong adsorption force for the five investigated heavy metal ions, respectively. Hence, the proposed method was so suitable and sensitive that it can be applied to the determination of trace analysis of heavy metals in water samples.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Nanopartículas , Nanotubos de Carbono , Adsorção , Limite de Detecção , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Espectrometria de Massas , Óxidos , Extração em Fase Sólida , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Água
20.
Insects ; 12(9)2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564227

RESUMO

This study characterized the transcriptome of Cacia cretifera thibetana and explored odorant binding proteins (OBPs) and their interaction with host-specific compounds. A total of 36 samples from six different organs including antennae, head, thorax, abdomen, wings, and legs (12 groups with 3 replicates per group) from both male and female insects were collected for RNA extraction. Transcriptomic analysis revealed a total of 89,897 transcripts as unigenes, with an average length of 1036 bp. Between male and female groups, 31,095 transcripts were identified as differentially expressed genes (DEGs). The KEGG pathway analysis revealed 26 DEGs associated with cutin, suberine, and wax biosynthesis and 70, 48, and 62 were linked to glycerophospholipid metabolism, choline metabolism in cancer, and chemokine signaling pathways, respectively. A total of 31 OBP genes were identified. Among them, the relative expression of 11 OBP genes (OBP6, 10, 12, 14, 17, 20, 22, 26, 28, 30, and 31) was confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR in different tissues. Seven OBP genes including CcreOBP6 and CcreOBP10 revealed antennae-specific expression. Further, we selected two OBPs (CcreOBP6 and CcreOBP10) for functional analysis to evaluate their binding affinity with 20 host odorant compounds. The CcreOBP6 and CcreOBP10 exhibited strong binding affinities with terpineol and trans-2-hexenal revealing their potential as an attractant or repellent for controlling C. cretifera thibetana.

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