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1.
Insects ; 12(3)2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809525

RESUMO

Sclomina Stål, 1861 (Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Harpactorinae) is endemic to China and Vietnam, with only two species, Sclomina erinacea Stål, 1861 and Sclomina guangxiensis Ren, 2001, characterized by spinous body and dentate abdominal connexivum. However, due to variable morphological characteristics, Sclomina erinacea, which is widely distributed in South China, is possibly a complex of cryptic species, and Sclomina guangxiensis was suspected to be an extreme group of the S. erinacea cline. In the present study, we conducted species delimitation and phylogenetic analyses based on the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene sequences of 307 Sclomina specimens collected from 30 sampling localities combined with morphological evidence. The result showed that all samples used in this study were identified as five species: Sclomina guangxiensis is a valid species, and Sclomina erinacea actually includes three cryptic species: Sclomina xingrensis P. Zhao and Cai sp. nov., Sclomina pallens P. Zhao and Cai sp. nov., and Sclomina parva P. Zhao and Cai sp. nov. In this paper, the genus Sclomina is systematically revised, and the morphological characteristics of the five species are compared, described, and photographed in detail. We elucidate the evolutionary history of Sclomina based on results of estimated divergence time. The body shape and coloration (green in nymph and brown in adult) of Sclomina match their environment and mimic the Rubus plants on which they live. The symbiotic relationship between Sclomina and spinous Rubus plants is presented and discussed.

2.
J Integr Neurosci ; 20(1): 43-53, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834690

RESUMO

The cingulo-opercular network (CON), dorsal attention network (DAN), and ventral attention network (VAN) are prominently activated during attention tasks. The function of these task-positive networks and their interplay mechanisms in attention is one of the central issues in understanding how the human brain manipulates attention to better adapt to the external environment. This study aimed to clarify the CON, DAN, and VAN's functional hierarchy by assessing causal interactions. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data from human participants performing a visual-spatial attention task and correlating Granger causal influences with behavioral performance revealed that CON exerts behavior-enhancing influences upon DAN and VAN, indicating a higher level of CON in top-down attention control. By contrast, the VAN exerts a behavior-degrading influence on CON, indicating external disruption of the CON's control set.

3.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 140, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proximal gastrectomy with double-tract reconstruction (DTR) has been used for upper third gastric cancer as a function-preserving procedure. However, the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG) with DTR remain uncertain. This study compared open proximal gastrectomy (OPG) with DTR and LPG with DTR for proximal gastric cancer. METHODS: Sixty-four patients who had undergone OPG with DTR and forty-six patients who had undergone LPG with DTR were enrolled in this case-control study. The clinical characteristics, surgical outcomes and postoperative nutrition index were analysed retrospectively. RESULTS: The operation time was significantly longer in the LGP group than in the OPG group (258.3 min vs 205.8 min; p = 0.00). However, the time to first flatus and postoperative hospital stay were shorter in the LPG group [4.0 days vs 3.5 days (p = 0.00) and 10.6 days vs 9.2 days (p = 0.001), respectively]. No significant difference was found between the two groups in the number of retrieved lymph nodes, complications or reflux oesophagitis. The nutrition status was assessed using the haemoglobin, albumin, prealbumin and weight levels from pre-operation to six months after surgery. No significant difference was found between the groups. CONCLUSION: LPG with DTR can be safely performed for proximal gastric cancer patients by experienced surgeons.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia , Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(4): 321, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767152

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play an essential role in tumor progression. Few researches focused on the clinical and biological relevance of lncRNAs in peripheral T cell lymphoma (PTCL). In this research, a novel lncRNA (ENST00000503502) was identified overexpressed in the main subtypes of PTCL, and designated as T cell lymphoma-associated lncRNA1 (TCLlnc1). Serum TCLlnc1 was associated with extranodal involvement, high-risk International Prognostic Index, and poor prognosis of the patients. Both in vitro and in vivo, overexpression of TCLlnc1 promoted T-lymphoma cell proliferation and migration, both of which were counteracted by the knockdown of TCLlnc1 using small interfering RNAs. As the mechanism of action, TCLlnc1 directly interacted with transcription activator heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein D (HNRNPD) and Y-box binding protein-1 (YBX1) by acting as a modular scaffold. TCLlnc1/HNRNPD/YBX1 complex upregulated transcription of TGFB2 and TGFBR1 genes, activated the tumor growth factor-ß signaling pathway, resulting in lymphoma progression, and might be a potential target in PTCL.

5.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 173: 104795, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771266

RESUMO

Acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS)-inhibiting herbicides are one of the most commonly used herbicides for controlling the growth of Sagittaria trifolia L. in paddy fields in Northeastern China. In this study, we collected five suspected resistant populations of S. trifolia (R1-R5) from three different provinces of Northeastern China. The results of whole-plant bioassays revealed that those populations showed high level of resistance to bensulfuron-methyl with resistance index (GR50 R/S) ranging from 39.90 to 88.50. The results of AHAS-activity assays were consistent with the results of the whole-plant bioassays. The AHAS gene analysis showed that R2 and R3 populations contained Pro-197-Leu mutations that were highly resistant to penoxsulam; R1 and R4 populations contained Pro-197-Ser mutations that were highly resistant to bispyribac­sodium; R5 population contained Trp-574-Leu mutation that showed high resistance to IMI, PT, PTB and SU herbicides. The AHAS with resistance mutations showed less sensitivity to feedback inhibition by BCAAs and R genotypes had increased free BCAAs.


Assuntos
Acetolactato Sintase , Herbicidas , Sagittaria , Acetolactato Sintase/genética , China , Resistência a Herbicidas/genética , Herbicidas/farmacologia , Mutação
6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 6254, 2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737559

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer will gradually become the second leading cause of cancer death due to its poor suitability for surgical treatment, frequent recurrence and metastasis, and insensitivity to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Strategies for precise early detection and effective targeted treatment of pancreatic cancer are urgently needed. Because of its unique advantages, molecular targeted contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging (CEUI) has generated new opportunities to overcome this challenge. The aim of this study was to explore multifunctional nanobubbles named IR780-NBs-DTX as novel ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) for dual-mode targeted imaging and photothermal ablation combined with chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer. An optimized "film hydration method" was used to prepare IR780-NBs-DTX in this research. The characteristics and ability of the new UCAs were detected via in vitro, in vivo and ex vivo experiments. The initial dose of 0.15 mg IR-780 iodide/1.0 mg DTX was considered to be the best formula for IR780-NBs-DTX, and the concentration of 6 ×106 bubbles/mL was best for CEUI. The excellent characteristics of IR780-NBs-DTX, including a uniform nanoscale particle size (349.8± 159.1 nm, n= 3), good performance in dual-mode imaging, high stability and reliable biocompatibility, were also proven. In the in vitro cell experiments, IR780-NBs-DTX targeted more pancreatic cancer cells than the control treatments, and the targeting rate was approximately 95.6± 1.7%. Under irradiation with an 808 nm laser, most cells died. Furthermore, the in vivo study demonstrated that IR780-NBs-DTX could precisely detect pancreatic cancer through near infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging and CEUI, and the tumor almost disappeared at 18 days after combined treatment. In ex vivo experiments, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunofluorescence (IF) showed that the expression of HSP70 increased and that of PCNA decreased, and many apoptotic tumor cells were observed by TUNEL staining in the IR780-NBs-DTX group. The newly prepared IR780-NBs-DTX are novel nanosized UCAs with high efficiency for dual-mode molecular targeted imaging and combined therapy, and they may have future potential applications in the precise detection and effective targeted therapy of small and metastatic lesions in the early stage of pancreatic cancer.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(13): e25383, 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787645

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diastolic heart failure (DHF) is an important pathological type of heart failure, that involves multiple organ dysfunction and multiple complications. The prevalence of DHF is high, and effective treatments are lacking. Chinese herbs are an alternative therapy for DHF. Shen'ge formula (SGF) is a classical formula from which patients can benefit, but convincing evidence of its efficacy is lacking. Therefore, we designed this randomized controlled trial protocol. METHODS/DESIGN: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial will evaluate the efficacy and safety of SGF in the treatment of DHF. A total of 130 patients with DHF will be enrolled in the trial and treated with SGF granules or placebo for 12 weeks and followed up for 12 weeks. The primary outcome measurement will be to changes in plasma N-terminal brain natriuretic peptide precursor before versus after treatment, while the second primary outcome measurement will be changes in heart function before versus after treatment and the 12-week follow-up period. It will also include echocardiography, a cardiopulmonary exercise test, cardiac function grading, traditional Chinese medicine syndrome score, and the Minnesota Heart Failure Quality of Life Scale. Adverse events will be evaluated throughout the trial. DISCUSSION: The results of this trial will demonstrate whether SGF could alleviate symptoms, improve cardiac function, reduce readmission rates, and improve quality of life of patients with DHF. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Register, ChiCTR2000036533, registered on August 24, 2020.

8.
J Inorg Biochem ; 218: 111400, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684684

RESUMO

Recently, rhodium complexes have received intensive attentions due to their tunable chemical and biological properties as well as attractive antitumor activity. In this work, two imidazole triphenylamino rhodium complexes [Rh(ppy)2L1]PF6 (Rh1) and [Rh(ppy)2L2]PF6 (Rh2) (ppy = 2-phenylpyridine, L1 = 4-(1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthrolin-2-yl)-N,N-diphenylaniline, L2 = N-(4-(1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthrolin-2-yl)phenyl)-4-methyl-N-(p-tolyl)aniline) have been synthesized and characterized. Both complexes display stronger anticancer activity against a various of cancer cells than cisplatin and they can effectively localize to mitochondria. Further mechanism studies show that Rh1 induce caspase-dependent apoptosis through mitochondrial damage, down-regulate the expression of B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)/Bcl2-associated x (Bax) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) elevation. Our work provides a strategy for the construction of highly effective anticancer agents targeting mitochondrial metabolism through rational modification of rhodium complexes.

9.
Dalton Trans ; 50(12): 4152-4158, 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33688869

RESUMO

Two new two-dimensional (2D) coordination polymers, [FeII(L)2{PdII(SCN)4}] (L1 = 3-(9-anthracenyl)-pyridine (1) and L2 = 4-(9-anthracenyl)-pyridine (2)), were constructed by employing square-planar [Pd(SCN)4]2- building blocks. Compound 1 exhibits a complete spin-crossover (SCO) behaviour under normal atmospheric pressure, and represents the first SCO example in a 2D system containing [Pd(SCN)4]2- units. In contrast, compound 2 only shows paramagnetic behaviour at measured temperatures. It is clear that the fine-tuning of the monodentate ligand can modulate the ligand field and packing fashions, which sheds light on developing new SCO materials.

10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 178: 63-70, 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609582

RESUMO

Domestication of silkworm has led to alterations in various gene expression patterns. For instance, many protease inhibitors were significantly downregulated in the domestic silkworm cocoon compared to its wild progenitor. Considering that SPI51 is the most abundant protease inhibitor in silkworm cocoons, herein, we compared the gene structures and sequences of SPI51 from B. mori (BmoSPI51) and B. mandarina (BmaSPI51). Comparing to the "RGGFR" active site in BmaSPI51, that of BmoPI51 is "KGSFP" and the C-terminal "YNTCECSCP" tail sequence is lost in the latter. To investigate the effect elicited by the active site and tail sequences on the function of SPI51, we expressed two mutated forms of BmoSPI51, namely, BmoSPI51 + tail and BmoSPI51M. BmoSPI51, BmoSPI51 + tail and BmoSPI51M were compared and found to have similar levels of inhibitory activity against trypsin. However, the BmoSPI51 + tail and BmoSPI51M proteins exhibited significantly stronger capacities to inhibit fungi growth, compared to BmoSPI51. We concluded that the specific amino acid sequence of the active site, as well as its the disulfide bond formed by C-terminal sequence in the BmaSPI51, represent the key factors responsible for its higher antifungal activity. This study provided new insights into the antifungal mechanisms elicited by protease inhibitors in the cocoons of silkworms.

11.
AAPS J ; 23(2): 31, 2021 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33619657

RESUMO

Physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) absorption modeling and simulation is increasingly used as a tool in drug product development, not only in support of clinical pharmacology applications (e.g., drug-drug interaction, dose selection) but also from quality perspective, enhancing drug product understanding. This report provides a summary of the status and the application of PBPK absorption modeling and simulation in new drug application (NDA) submissions to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to support drug product quality (e.g., clinically relevant dissolution specifications, active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) particle size distribution specifications). During the 10 years from 2008 to 2018, a total of 24 NDA submissions included the use of PBPK absorption modeling and simulations for biopharmaceutics-related assessment. In these submissions, PBPK absorption modeling and simulation served as an impactful tool in establishing the relationship of critical quality attributes (CQAs) including formulation variables, specifically in vitro dissolution, to the in vivo performance. This article also summarizes common practices in PBPK approaches and proposes future directions for the use of PBPK absorption modeling and simulation in drug product quality assessment.Graphical abstract.

12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 4432, 2021 02 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627696

RESUMO

Cardiac injury is a common complication of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. In this study, we aimed to reveal the association of cardiac injury with coagulation dysfunction. We enrolled 181 consecutive patients who were hospitalized with COVID-19, and studied the clinical characteristics and outcome of these patients. Cardiac biomarkers high-sensitivity troponin I (hs-cTnI), myohemoglobin and creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) were assessed in all patients. The clinical outcomes were defined as hospital discharge or death. The median age of the study cohort was 55 (IQR, 46-65) years, and 102 (56.4%) were males. Forty-two of the 181 patients (23.2%) had cardiac injury. Old age, high leukocyte count, and high levels of aspartate transaminase (AST), D-dimer and serum ferritin were significantly associated with cardiac injury. Multivariate regression analysis revealed old age and elevated D-dimer levels as being strong risk predictors of in-hospital mortality. Interleukin 6 (IL6) levels were comparable in patients with or without cardiac injury. Serial observations of coagulation parameters demonstrated highly synchronous alterations of D-dimer along with progression to cardiac injury. Cardiac injury is a common complication of COVID-19 and is an independent risk factor for in-hospital mortality. Old age, high leukocyte count, and high levels of AST, D-dimer and serum ferritin are significantly associated with cardiac injury, whereas IL6 are not. Therefore, the pathogenesis of cardiac injury in COVID-19 may be primarily due to coagulation dysfunction along with microvascular injury.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/virologia , Traumatismos Cardíacos/virologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Coagulação Sanguínea/fisiologia , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/sangue , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/epidemiologia , /fisiopatologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Traumatismos Cardíacos/sangue , Traumatismos Cardíacos/epidemiologia , Traumatismos Cardíacos/fisiopatologia , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Troponina I/sangue
13.
Nanotechnology ; 32(20): 205103, 2021 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556922

RESUMO

Dual-modal molecular imaging that combines photoacoustic imaging with near-infrared fluorescence imaging integrates the benefits of both imaging modalities and may achieve more precise detection of disease. In this study, silver sulfide quantum dots (Ag2S QDs) with superior photoacoustic properties and a strong fluorescent emission in the NIR region were successfully synthesized. They were further modified with the insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) targeted small scaffold protein, Affibody (ZIGF-1) to achieved targeted photoacoustic/fluorescent dual-modal imaging of cancer. Our results showed that the prepared nanoprobe had good tumor targeting properties in vivo, and the probe also showed good biocompatibility without any significant toxicity.

15.
Cell Mol Neurobiol ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33606156

RESUMO

With the increase in fetal surgeries, the effect of maternal anesthesia on progeny has attracted much attention. Our previous studies have demonstrated that 3.5% sevoflurane maternal exposure resulted in over-activated autophagy and cognitive impairment in the offspring. The autophagy activation resulted in increased apoptosis and decreased proliferation. However, the effects of sevoflurane on neural stem cell (NSC) differentiation is unclear. There is evidence that autophagy might participate in anesthesia-induced NSC differentiation. Firstly, we examined the effects of sevoflurane on NSC differentiation and explored possible mechanisms. Then, we investigated whether autophagy was related to differentiation. On gestational day 14 (G14), rats were exposed to 2% or 3.5% sevoflurane for 2 h, then markers of neurons and astrocytes, and the FOXO3 expression was measured in fetal brains 48 h later. The differentiation of NSCs was detected after autophagy inhibition by 3-MA. Changes in NSC differentiation, autophagy level, and FOXO3 were examined after administration of lithium chloride. After 3.5% sevoflurane exposure, the expressions of ß-Tubulin III, NeuN, SYP, GFAP and FOXO3 increased. Autophagy inhibition alleviates improper NSC differentiation. Lithium chloride attenuated FOXO3 and autophagy activation, ameliorated NSC differentiation and the decline of Nestin expression. Our results demonstrated that maternal exposure to 3.5% sevoflurane for 2 h during the mid-trimester induced NSC differentiation in the fetal brain through the activation of FOXO3. Autophagy inhibitor or lithium chloride reversed the improper differentiation of NSCs.

16.
Theranostics ; 11(6): 2953-2965, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33456582

RESUMO

Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), with high LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol levels, is due to inherited mutations in genes, such as low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR). Development of therapeutic strategies for FH, which causes atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease, is urgently needed. Methods: Mice with low-density lipoprotein receptor (Ldlr) deletion (Ldlr -/- mice) were used as an FH model. Ldlr mRNA was encapsulated into exosomes by forced expression of Ldlr in the donor AML12 (alpha mouse liver) cells, and the resultant exosomes were denoted as ExoLdlr. In vivo distribution of exosomes was analyzed by fluorescence labeling and imaging. The delivery efficiency of Ldlr mRNA was analyzed by qPCR and Western blotting. Therapeutic effects of ExoLdlr were examined in Ldlr -/- mice by blood lipids and Oil Red O staining. Results: The encapsulated mRNA was stable and could be translated into functional protein in the recipient cells. Following tail vein injection, exosomes were mainly delivered into the liver, producing abundant LDLR protein, resembling the endogenous expression profile in the wild-type mouse. Compared with control exosomes, ExoLdlr treatment significantly decreased lipid deposition in the liver and lowered the serum LDL-cholesterol level. Significantly, the number and size of atherosclerotic plaques and inflammation were reduced in the ExoLdlr-treated mice. Conclusions: We have shown that exosome-mediated Ldlr mRNA delivery effectively restored receptor expression, treating the disorders in the Ldlr -/- mouse. Our study provided a new therapeutic approach for the treatment of FH patients and managing atherosclerosis.

17.
Stem Cells ; 39(4): 467-481, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459443

RESUMO

Degeneration of the cartilage endplate (CEP) induces intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD). Nucleus pulposus cell (NPC) apoptosis is also an important exacerbating factor in IVDD, but the cascade mechanism in IVDD is not clear. We investigated the apoptosis of NPCs and IVDD when stimulated by normal cartilage endplate stem cell (CESC)-derived exosomes (N-Exos) and degenerated CESC-derived exosomes (D-Exos) in vitro and in vivo. Tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) was used to induce inflammation of CESCs. The bioinformatics differences between N-Exos and D-Exos were analyzed using mass spectrometry, heat map, and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis. NPC apoptosis was examined using TUNEL staining. The involvement of the AKT and autophagy signaling pathways was investigated using the signaling inhibitor LY294002. Magnetic resonance imaging, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining were used to evaluate the therapeutic effects of N-Exos in rats with IVDD. TBHP effectively induced inflammation and the degeneration of CEP in rat. N-Exos were more conducive to autophagy activation than D-Exos. The apoptotic rate of NPCs decreased obviously after treatment with N-Exos compared to D-Exos. N-Exos inhibited NPCs apoptosis and attenuated IVDD in rat via activation of the AKT and autophagy pathways. These results are the first findings to confirm that CEP delayed the progression of IVDD via exosomes. The therapeutic effects of N-Exos on NPC apoptosis inhibition and the slowing of IVDD progression were more effective than D-Exos due to activation of the PI3K/AKT/autophagy pathway, which explained the increase in the incidence of IVDD after inflammation of the CEP.

18.
Life Sci ; 270: 118980, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33428879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HIBI) is a major cause of mortality in neonates and can cause long-term neurological sequelae. Excessive autophagy caused by HI may cause neuronal death. Dexmedetomidine was reported neuroprotective against HIBI. Therefore, in the present study, the autophagy-related mechanisms underlying the protective effects of dexmedetomidine against cerebral HI in neonatal rats were investigated. METHODS: In the present study, the expression of autophagy-related proteins microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) B-II and Beclin1, neuronal and microglia autophagy levels, the myelin basic protein (MBP) expression, long-term neuronal density ratio, and long-term behavioral prognosis in HIBI model were investigated by ligating the left common carotid artery in neonatal rats, followed by 2-h hypoxia. RESULTS: Dexmedetomidine inhibited the overactivated autophagy of hippocampal neurons and microglia after HI. In addition, dexmedetomidine inhibited neuronal density decrease and axon demyelination after HI-induced overactivated autophagy. Lastly, dexmedetomidine improved the long-term neurological prognosis and was reversed by the autophagy agonist rapamycin. CONCLUSION: The protective effects of dexmedetomidine on HI neonatal rats were evidenced by inhibition of excessive autophagy of neurons and microglia, thereby reducing the decline of long-term neuronal density and axon demyelination as well as improving long-term learning cognitive function.


Assuntos
Dexmedetomidina/farmacologia , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Pós-Condicionamento Isquêmico/métodos , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dexmedetomidina/metabolismo , Feminino , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Isquemia/metabolismo , Masculino , Microglia/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
19.
Insects ; 12(2)2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33513667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 30K proteins are a major group of nutrient storage proteins in the silkworm hemolymph. Previous studies have shown that 30K proteins are involved in the anti-fungal immunity; however, the molecular mechanism involved in this immunity remains unclear. METHODS: We investigated the transcriptional expression of five 30K proteins, including BmLP1, BmLP2, BmLP3, BmLP4, and BmLP7. The five recombinant 30K proteins were expressed in an Escherichia coli expression system, and used for binding assays with fungal cells and hemocytes. RESULTS: The transcriptional expression showed that the five 30K proteins were significantly upregulated after injection of pathogen-associated molecular patterns to the fifth instar larvae, indicating the possibility of their involvement in immune response. The binding assay showed that only BmLP1 and BmLP4 can bind to both fungal cells and silkworm hemocytes. Furthermore, we found that BmLP1-coated and BmLP4-coated agarose beads promote encapsulation of hemocytes in vitro. The hemocyte encapsulation was blocked when the BmLP1-coated beads were preincubated with BmLP1 specific polyclonal antibodies. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that 30K proteins are involved in the cellular immunity of silkworms by acting as pattern recognition molecules to directly recruit hemocytes to the fungal surface.

20.
J Adv Nurs ; 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33483993

RESUMO

AIM: To systematically evaluate the effect of intensive care unit diary psychotherapy on the incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression after discharge from intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported the potential advantages and risks of intensive care unit diary psychotherapy in adult patients discharged from intensive care unit, but the results are divergent. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective randomized controlled or case-controlled studies. DATA SOURCE: Databases such as Cochran Library, Pubmed, Embase, CINAHL, and ProQuest databases, China national knowledge infrastructure (CNKI) were searched for literatures published from January 2000-March 2020. REVIEW METHODS: We use the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool for quality assessment and audit manager 5.3 software for meta-analysis. The main result is the incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression. RESULTS: Ten studies meeting the inclusion criteria were identified, including eight randomized controlled studies and two case-controlled studies, with a total of 1,210 patients. The pooled results of this meta-analysis indicated that the intensive care unit diary could reduce the incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression. CONCLUSION: This study showed that an intensive care unit diary could improve the psychological symptoms of adult intensive care unit patients after discharge. However, due to limitations such as publication bias and case sample size, the results should be carefully considered. Researchers need to further clarify the multidisciplinary collaborative process of intensive care unit diary therapy, the real beneficiaries, and its impact on family members' psychological status by conducting large, robust studies in the future. IMPACT: This study's findings suggest that medical staff need to re-examine the role of intensive care unit diary therapy, its standardized implementation and provide effective intervention for reducing psychological stress-related symptoms of intensive care unit patients after discharge.

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