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1.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(5): 426-431, 2020 May 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32482035

RESUMO

Objective: Biological behavior, pathological characteristics and prognostic factors of 355 cases with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NENs) were analyzed in this retrospective study. Methods: In our study, 355 patients pathologically diagnosed as GEP-NENs were identified from April 2006 to November 2017 in the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University. The biological behavior, pathological characteristics and prognosis were analyzed retrospectively. Results: There were 355 patients (228 males and 127 females) with a mean age of 58.3±10.7 years. GEP-NENs were detected most frequently in the stomach (48.2%), followed by the pancreas (16.1%), colorectum (14.1%), esophagus (7.6%), duodenum/jejunum(5.6%), liver (4.2%), appendix (2.3%) and gallbladder/bile duct (2.0%). The main clinical manifestations of non-functional GEP-NENs were abdominal pain (88/350, 25.14%), ventosity (77/350, 22.00%) and dysphagia (68/350, 19.43%), which were generally lacking specificity at the first diagnosis. 295 patients were treated surgically, including 45 cases of endoscopic resection and 250 cases of laparoscopic operation. Concerning to pathological grading, there were 22.5% (80/355) patients in grade 1 (G1), 12.7% (45/355) in grade 2 (G2), and 58.9% (209/355) in grade 3 (G3). The median follow-up time was 34 months. Furthermore, the 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival calculated by Kaplan-Meier method were 80.1%, 59.8%, and 57.5%, respectively. Univariate analysis revealed that tumor site, treatment, operation type, depth of tumor invasion, TNM staging, pathological grading, vascular embolus, lymph node metastasis, tumor size, preoperative leukomonocyte level and preoperative plasma albumin were associated with overall survival (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that treatment, operation type, depth of tumor invasion, TNM staging, pathological grading, vascular embolus, lymph node metastasis and tumor size were independent prognostic factors for GEP-NENs (all P<0.05). Conclusions: The clinicopathological characteristics of GEP-NENs should be mastered by clinicians, and the standard treatment measures were also needed to be formulated based on the prognostic factors in order to improve the prognosis of patients.

2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(10): 5367-5377, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495871

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Visfatin is significantly upregulated in colorectal cancer (CRC). However, its exact role in CRC progression and the regulatory mechanism involved in this process have not been fully illuminated. The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of visfatin in CRC progression and the potential molecular mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro, two CRC cell lines (DLD-1 and SW480) were transfected with visfatin, si-visfatin, and their control vectors. Some cells were transfected with miR-140-3p mimics or miRNA negative control. Cell Counting Kit-8 and transwell invasive assays were used to detect cell proliferation and invasion ability. Luciferase reporter assays were performed to confirm whether CXC motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) directly targets miR-140-3p. Western blotting and qRT-PCR analyses were respectively conducted to evaluate the protein and mRNA levels of stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and CXCR4. In vivo, DLD-1 cells transfected with visfatin construct or vector control were inoculated into nude mice. After 5 weeks, the mice were sacrificed, and the tumor nodules were weighed. The expression of visfatin, SDF-1, and CXCR4 in tumor tissues was detected via immunohistochemistry analysis. RESULTS: In vitro, the transfection of visfatin promoted the proliferation and invasion of CRC cells, as well as upregulated the expression of SDF-1/CXCR4. MiR-140-3p directly targets the 3'untranslated region of CXCR4. MiR-140-3p expression was downregulated by treatment with visfatin, and miR-140-3p exerted similar effects to those of visfatin knockdown on the proliferation and invasion of CRC cells. In vivo, visfatin stimulated CRC tumor growth and downregulated miR-140-3p expression, whereas it upregulated SDF-1/CXCR4 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Visfatin promotes CRC progression by downregulating the SDF-1/CXCR4-mediated expression of miR-140-3p both in vitro and in vivo.

3.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(6): 440-445, 2020 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32594702

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of two dimensional gray-scale blood flow imaging (hereinafter referred to as " B-flow" ) combined with color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) in guiding arterial puncture and catheterization through wounds in patients with large burns. Methods: Sixty-seven patients with large burns who met the inclusion criteria and hospitalized in the First Hospital of Jilin University from January 2017 to January 2019 were enrolled in the prospectively randomized control study. According to the random number table, CDFI alone group was allocated with 35 patients (23 males and 12 females) and B-flow+ CDFI group with 32 patients (22 males and 10 females), aged 19-60 and 18-58 years, respectively. According to the progress of the disease, arterial puncture and catheterization were performed in the right time. During the operation, CDFI was used alone for guidance in patients of CDFI alone group, while B-flow and CDFI were used together for guidance in patients of B-flow+ CDIF group. Based on the first time of catheterization, the catheterization location, one-time catheterization success rate, post-back stitching re-catheterization success rate, catheterization failure rate, catheterization duration, and incidences of wound sepsis, catheter-related bloodstream infection, and arterial thrombosis within post catheterization day (PCD) 3 of patients in the two groups were recorded. Data were statistically analyzed with the independent-sample t test, chi-square test or Fisher's exact probability test. Results: (1) All the patients underwent catheterization through wounds, and there was no statistically significant difference in catheterization location of patients between the two groups (χ(2)=0.574, P>0.05). The one-time catheterization success rate of patients in B-flow+ CDFI group was 81.25% (26/32), which was obviously higher than 51.43% (18/35) in CDFI alone group (χ(2)=6.594, P<0.05). The catheterization failure rate of patients in B-flow+ CDFI group was 3.12% (1/32), which was obviously lower than 20.00% (7/35) in CDFI alone group (P<0.05). The post-back stitching re-catheterization success rate of patients was similar between the two groups (χ(2)=1.029, P>0.05). (3) The catheterization duration of patients was (15.7±1.1) min in B-flow+ CDFI group, which was obviously shorter than (17.1±2.2) min in CDFI alone group (t=11.316, P<0.01). (4) Within PCD 3, the incidences of wound sepsis and catheter-related bloodstream infection of patients in CDFI alone group were 2.86% (1/35) and 0, close to 0 and 3.12% (1/32) in B-flow+ CDFI group (P>0.05); the incidence of arterial thrombosis of patients in B-flow+ CDFI group was 0, which was obviously lower than 20.00% (7/35) in CDFI alone group (P<0.05). Conclusions: Compared with CDFI alone, B-flow combined with CDFI can improve the success rate of arterial puncture and catheterization through wounds in large area burn patients, shorten the catheterization duration, and effectively reduce the incidence of arterial thrombosis after catheterization, with a good clinical application value.

4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(24): 1872-1876, 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32575930

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the application of Endo-GIA stapler in laparoscopic radical cystectomy, especially in the treatment of lateral bladder ligament, and to evaluate its clinical feasibility and practicability. Methods: A retrospective analysis of clinical data about 38 cases of laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) treated in the Department of Urology, Chaoyang Hospital of Beijing and Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from July 2017 to June 2019 were conducted. The patients were divided into Endo-GIA stopler group(18 cases) and non-Endo-GIA stopler group (20 cases) according to whether Endo-GIA stapler were used. The basic clinical data, operation time of bladder lateral ligament, operation time of bladder lateral wall, operation time of bladder resection, amount of bleeding during operation, pathological data after operation and related indicators of recovery after operation were compared between the two groups. Results: All 38 patients underwent radical cystectomy (RC) successfully under 3-D laparoscopy without conversion to open surgery. The operation time of bladder lateral ligament in Endo-GIA stapler group was significantly shorter than that in non-Endo-GIA stapler group [(3.25±0.75) min vs (9.20±2.95) min, P=0.042]; the operation time of bladder lateral wall in Endo-GIA stapler group was significantly shorter than that in non-Endo-GIA stapler group [(8.06±1.66) min vs (14.30±3.37) min, P=0.016]. The operation time of cystectomy in the Endo-GIA stapler group was significantly shorter than that in the non-Endo-GIA stapler group [(47.06±4.70) min vs (61.60±14.91) min,P=0.003]. The amount of bleeding in the Endo-GIA stapler group was significantly shorter than that in the non-Endo-GIA stapler group [(37.77±21.30) ml vs (114.50±39.80) ml, P=0.015]. The time of drainage tube removal in Endo-GIA group was significantly shorter than that in the non-Endo-GIA group [(5.83±1.54) d vs (7.30±3.00) d, P=0.002]. The length of post-hospitalization in Endo-GIA group was significantly shorter than that in the non-Endo-GIA group [(7.67±1.78) d vs (9.60±3.25) d,P=0.036]. However, there was no significant difference in other basic clinical data, post-operative pathology and post-operative recovery related indicators. Conclusions: Laparoscopic radical cystectomy using Endo-GIA stapler device is safe and feasible. It is easy to operate, shorten the operation time significantly, and reduce the amount of bleeding. To a certain extent, it is conducive to the recovery of patients after operation to some extent, and worthy of clinical application.

5.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(5): 409-413, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450629

RESUMO

Coronavirus Disease 2019(COVID-19) caused by 2019-nCoV was in an outbreak globally. A large number of severe cases lead to strong clinical pressure even treated actively. Convalescent plasma (CP) therapy refers to a therapy infusing plasma from recovered donors into other infected individuals. It has played an important role in conquering variety of epidemics over a century with some limitations. Considering the absence of specific treatments, CP has been used for treating COVID-19 and achieved some efficacies. This article provides a reference for clinical application of CP therapy in COVID-19, by discussing the history, mechanism and application of CP therapy in viral diseases such as SARS.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Humanos
6.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(5): 337-340, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392998

RESUMO

The selection of conduit has always been one of the most perennially debated topic in the field of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) . Arterial grafts have demonstrated excellent biological characteristics and long-term patency in CABG. Clinical observations and randomized clinical trials over the past two decades have shown that the internal thoracic artery is the gold standard graft. Multi-arterial and total-arterial CABG significantly improves patients' long-term survival, but there are technical challenges and concerns of sternal complication. Currently multi-arterial and total-arterial CABG are strongly advocated and increasingly applied worldwide. Several guidelines have been published and updated, as well as Chinese expert consensus. Coronary surgery in China is paving anupper stage of quality improvement. Arterial coronary artery bypass grafting should be carried out more broadly in China as evidence accumulation and excellent long-term clinical results.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/normas , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Artérias/transplante , China , Humanos
7.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(5): 356-362, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393002

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the short and long-term clinical outcomes of total arterial coronary artery bypass grafting. Methods: Clinic data of 208 patients with left main and multiple vessel coronary artery disease and undertaken total arterial coronary artery bypass grafting from February 2009 to December 2019 in Department of Cardiac Surgery, Rui Jin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were analyzed retrospectively. There were 188 males and 20 females with an age of (54.7±10.7) years (range: 32 to 79 years). The harvest of arterial conduits and grafting strategies were depended upon the individual patient characteristics and surgeon's experience. Left internal thoracic artery (LITA) was applied in 207 cases, right internal thoracic artery (RITA) in 38 cases (bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) in 37 cases), and radial artery (RA) in 187 cases (188 grafts). The graft number per case was 2.6±0.7 (range: 2 to 4). Surgical procedures was completed with off-pump technique in 98.1% patients (204/208). Subgroup analysis was carried out between subgroup BITA (n=37) and subgroup SITA (single ITA+RA) (n=171). The t test, χ(2) test or Fisher exact test were used to compare the clinic characteristics between the two subgroups. The Kaplan-Meier curve was used to estimate the rate of late mortality, major adverse cardiac cerebrovascular event (MACCE), and target vessel revascularization (TVR). A Cox proportional hazards model was used to identify the independent prognosis factors of late mortality. Results: The overall mortality within 30 days postoperatively was 1.4%(3/208). The incidences of perioperative MACCE, re-operation for bleeding and deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) were 1.9%(4/208), 0.5%(1/208) and 1.4%(3/208), respectively. Perioperative myocardial infarction and TVR were not observed. There was no significant difference of 30-day mortality, MACCE, bleeding and DSWI between subgroup BITA and SITA+RA (all P>0.05). In a follow-up period of (5.4±2.8)years (range: 0.2 to 10.9 years), the incidence of all-cause mortality at 1-, 5- and 10-year was 2.3%, 3.4% and 6.9%, respectively. The incidence of MACCE was 3.9%,11.2% and 28.5%, respectively. The rate of TVR was 0.4%, 3.7% and 11.9%, respectively. Age>65 was an independent prognosis factor of late mortality (HR=1.125, 95% CI:1.050 to 1.205, P<0.01). Conclusions: Total arterial coronary bypass grafting is safe and achievable with proper patient selection and surgical strategies. It significantly decreases the risks of late mortality and repeated revascularization.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Artéria Torácica Interna/transplante , Adulto , Idoso , China , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(8): 4382-4388, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32373975

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to elucidate whether FOXD2-AS1 stimulated glioma progression by inhibiting the P53 level. PATIENTS AND METHODS: FOXD2-AS1 expression in glioma tissues and cell lines was determined by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). Meanwhile, FOXD2-AS1 expression in glioma patients with different tumor tissues and tumor staging was examined as well. The subcellular distribution of FOXD2-AS1 was analyzed. RNA Binding Protein Immunoprecipitation (RIP) and Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay were applied to explore the interaction between FOXD2-AS1 and P53. Furthermore, the influences of FOXD2-AS1 and P53 on the viability and colony formation abilities of LN229 and U87 cells were assessed. RESULTS: FOXD2-AS1 was significantly upregulated in glioma tissues and cells. The expression level of FOXD2-AS1 was positively correlated with tumor size and staging of glioma. FOXD2-AS1 was mainly distributed in the nucleus, which could attenuate recruitment ability to P53 by bounding to EZH2. The silence of FOXD2-AS1 significantly decreased the viability and colony formation abilities of glioma cells. However, the attenuated proliferative ability was partially reversed by P53 knockdown. CONCLUSIONS: FOXD2-AS1 stimulated the proliferation of glioma by inhibiting P53, thus aggravating the progression of glioma.

9.
Sci Adv ; 6(14): eaax5692, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32270030

RESUMO

The transcriptional repressors Polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) and PRC2 are required to maintain cell fate during embryonic development. PRC1 and PRC2 catalyze distinct histone modifications, establishing repressive chromatin at shared targets. How PRC1, which consists of canonical PRC1 (cPRC1) and variant PRC1 (vPRC1) complexes, and PRC2 cooperate to silence genes and support mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) self-renewal is unclear. Using combinatorial genetic perturbations, we show that independent pathways of cPRC1 and vPRC1 are responsible for maintenance of H2A monoubiquitylation and silencing of shared target genes. Individual loss of PRC2-dependent cPRC1 or PRC2-independent vPRC1 disrupts only one pathway and does not impair mESC self-renewal capacity. However, loss of both pathways leads to mESC differentiation and activation of a subset of lineage-specific genes co-occupied by relatively high levels of PRC1/PRC2. Thus, parallel pathways explain the differential requirements for PRC1 and PRC2 and provide robust silencing of lineage-specific genes.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32251842

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical characteristics of patients in a Fangcang Hospital. METHODS: Non-critically ill individuals with positive SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR tests admitted between 7 February and 12 February 2020 to Dongxihu Fangcang Hospital, which was promptly constructed because of the rapid, exponential increase in COVID-19 patients in Wuhan, China, were included; clinical course through to 22 February was recorded. RESULTS: A total of 1012 non-critically ill individuals with positive SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR tests were included in the study. Thirty (of 1012, 3.0%) individuals were asymptomatic on admission. During hospitalization, 16 of 30 (53.3%) asymptomatic individuals developed different symptoms. Fourteen of 1012 patients (1.4%) remained asymptomatic from exposure to the end of follow up, with a median duration of 24 days (interquartile range 22-27). Fever (761 of 1012, 75.2%) and cough (531 of 1012, 52.4%) were the most common symptoms. Small patchy opacities (355 of 917, 38.7%) and ground-glass opacities (508 of 917, 55.4%) were common imaging manifestations in chest CT scans. One hundred patients (9.9%) were transferred to designated hospitals due to aggravation of illness. Diarrhoea emerged in 152 of 1012 patients (15.0%). Male, older age, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, chills, dyspnoea, So2 value of ≤93%, white blood cell counts of >10 × 109/L and large consolidated opacities on CT images were all risk factors for aggravation of illness. CONCLUSIONS: Non-critically ill individuals had different clinical characteristics from critically ill individuals. Asymptomatic infections only accounted for a small proportion of COVID-19. Although with a low incidence, diarrhoea was observed in patients with COVID-19, indicating the possibility of faecal-oral transmission.

12.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(1): 6-5, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198985

RESUMO

Abstract: Autopsy is of great significance to the elucidation of the pathological changes, pathogeneses and causes of death of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and can provide theoretical basis for more scientific and accurate prevention and control of the outbreak. Based on related laws and regulations, such as the Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases, the clinical manifestations and epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19, and the related guidelines on the prevention and control of the outbreak, combined with the practical work of forensic pathology examination, the Guide to the Forensic Pathology Practice on Death Cases Related to Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) (Trial Draft) has been developed. This guide includes information on the background investigation of the cases, autopsy room requirements, personal prevention and protections, external examinations, autopsy, auxiliary examinations, and so on. This guide can be used as a reference by forensic and pathological examination institutions, as well as examination staff.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , China , Patologia Legal , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(5): 2189-2195, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196570

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-375 in regulating the N-Myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (Ndrg2)/interleukin-6 (IL-6)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty Sprague- Dawley rats were randomly divided into Control group (n=10), Model group (n=10), and miR-375 inhibitor group [miR-375 small interfering RNA (siRNA) group, n=10]. The rats in Model group were injected with streptozotocin (STZ) via the tail vein to prepare into rat models of diabetes. The body weight, fasting blood glucose, and retinal barrier permeability of rats in each group were detected. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in rat serum were measured using kits. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay was performed to determine the apoptosis of optic ganglion cells in rat retinal tissues. Additionally, the messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels of Ndrg2, IL-6 and STAT3 in rat retinal tissues were detected via reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting, respectively. RESULTS: Compared with Control group, Model group had reduced body weight of rats, increased blood glucose and retinal permeability of rats, raised serum MDA content, decreased SOD activity, up-regulated apoptotic rate of optic ganglia, and notably elevated mRNA and protein levels of Ndrg2, IL-6 and STAT3 in retinal tissues. Compared with those in Model group, the body weight of rats declined, the blood glucose of rats rose, the retinal permeability of rats was decreased significantly, the serum MDA content was reduced, the SOD activity was raised, the apoptotic rate of optic ganglia was decreased, and the mRNA and protein levels of Ndrg2, IL-6 and STAT3 in retinal tissues were also decreased significantly in miR-375 siRNA group. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-375 inhibitors are able to reduce blood glucose, retinal permeability, and optic ganglion apoptosis in rats with DR, and the mechanism of action may be related to the regulation on the Ndrg2/IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway.

14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32185925

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the complete mitochondrial genome sequences of two phenotypes of Paragonimus westermani isolated from Fujian Province with different sizes of metacercariae, and perform a phylogenetic analysis of various geographical isolates of P. westermani from Asia, so as to identify the possible genetic characteristics associated with the P. westermani phenotypes. METHODS: P. westermani metacercariae with different sizes (large metacercariae, 380-420 µm in diameter; small metacercariae, 320-340 µm) isolated from freshwater crabs were used to infect dogs, and the eggs and adult worms of P. westermani were collected from the dog stool samples and lung tissues. Then, the egg size and morphology were compared. In addition, genomic DNA was extracted from the adult worms of the two phenotypes of P. westermani and used for the PCR amplification to yield the complete mitochondrial genome sequence. Sequence structure and phylogenetic analyses were performed based on the complete mitochondrial genome of P. westermani. RESULTS: Following infection with large and small P. westermani metacercariae, the adult worms recovered from the dog lung had a thick body, and had oral and ventral suckers. The ventral sucker was located slightly in front of the midline of the body, and testes, ovary and vitelline gland were seen in the adult worms. Following fixation, the adults appeared oval, with an approximately 1.7∶1 of the length-width ratio. The length and width of the eggs isolated from the fecal samples of dogs infected with large and small P. westermani metacercariae varied significantly, and the large metacercariae produced bigger eggs than the smaller metacercariae. Based on the morphological features of adults and eggs and the ITS2 sequences, both phenotypes were identified as P. westermani. The complete mitochondrial genome sequence analysis of adults showed almost consistent sequences in the protein-coding region of the mitochondrial genome of adult worms derived from large and small metacercariae, with a major variation seen in the former non-coding region. Sliding window analysis revealed the most polymorphic region within the ND4 gene across the mitochondrial genome from various geographical isolates of P. westermani, and phylogenetic analysis showed that both phenotypes were clustered into the Chinese branch of P. westermani, which was close to the Japanese branch and distinct from the South/Southeast Asian branch. CONCLUSIONS: The genetic distance between the phenotypes of P. westermani isolated from Fujian Province is near at a mitochondrial genome level, with no remarkable genetic differentiation seen; however, the mutation and structural changes in the non-coding region may result in the phenotypic variations. In addition, there is a distinct variation of the evolutionary rate in the mitochondrial coding genes, suggesting the selection of appropriate molecular markers during the phylogenic researches.


Assuntos
Genoma Mitocondrial , Paragonimus westermani , Filogenia , Animais , Ásia , China , DNA de Helmintos/genética , Cães , Feminino , Genoma Mitocondrial/genética , Paragonimus westermani/classificação , Paragonimus westermani/genética
15.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(2): 131-132, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114731

RESUMO

Suspension bed are often used to treat and nurse the wounds of burn patients in clinic. Because of the suspension force, the patients' activities are limited, and they stay in bed for a long time, which is very easy to cause foot drop, affecting the recovery of the patients. Aiming at this problem, we designed and made a foot drop prevention baffle made of stainless steel, which could withstand the buoyancy of the suspension bed, adjust the feet forwardly and backwardly, to the left and right according to the height of the patients and the distance of the feet to be separated, and keep the foot in a positive and external rotation position according to the comfort of the patients, which achieved good results in clinical application.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Fibulares , Queimaduras , , Humanos
16.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(2): 170-176, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074798

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical significance of laparoscopic exploration combined with abdominal exfoliative cytology in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. Methods: Inclusion criteria: (1) cancer confirmed by gastroscopy and pathology without preoperative anti-tumor treatment; (2) no distant metastases found in preoperative imaging examinations; (3) patients without surgical contraindications and being tolerant to surgery; (4) patients were willing to undergo laparoscopic exploration and abdominal exfoliative cytology examination, and signed informed consent. A retrospective cohort study method was used to collect and analyze the clinicopathological data of 225 patients with advanced gastric cancer based on the above inclusion criteria from a prospective, multicenter, open, randomized controlled phase III clinical trial (registration No. NCT01516944) conducted between February 2012 and December 2018 in The Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, including 162 males and 63 females with age ranged from 23 to 78 years old. Forty-five patients (20.0%) were classified as Borrmann type I to II, and 180 (80.0%) were classified as type III to IV. All the patients underwent laparoscopy and peritoneal lavage cytology under general anesthesia. Laparoscopic exploration sequence: left and right diaphragm→liver and spleen→parietal peritoneum→pelvic cavity→greater omentum, small intestine, mesentery→transverse colon mesentery →stomach. Contents of exploration: (1) with or without ascites; (2) whether metastatic lesions existed in the peritoneum, mesentery, omentum and Douglas pouch; (3) whether metastasis existed on the liver surface; (4) whether the gastric lymph nodes were swollen; (5) whether infiltration occurred on the gastric serosa surface; (6) whether gastric wall was stiff. The left and right subphrenic, the abdominal and pelvic peritoneum, and the mesentery were rinsed with 500 ml of sterilized normal saline. Position of the reverse Trendelenburg was used in the Douglas pouch. The peritoneal lavage fluid under the liver and spleen fossa was collected. Cytological examination was carried out for exfoliative tumor cells. Evaluation criteria: (1) peritoneal metastasis (P): P0 meant no peritoneal metastasis, P1 meant peritoneal metastasis; (2) free peritoneal cancer cells (CY): CY0 meant no cancer cells in peritoneal lavage fluid cytology, CY1 meant cancer cells in peritoneal lavage fluid cytology. The results of patients undergoing laparoscopic exploration combined with abdominal exfoliative cytology, treatment options and prognosis were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the survival rate and a survival curve was drawn. Log-rank test was used for survival analysis. Results: After laparoscopic exploration in 225 patients, clinical staging was corrected in 68 (30.2%) patients, of whom 7 (3.1%) downstaged and 61 (27.1%) increased in staging. Of 164 patients evaluated as P0CY0 after the first laparoscopy and peritoneal cytology examination, 126 underwent radical D2 surgery, and the other 38 patients were found to have later local lesions or extensive fusion of local lymph nodes, so then received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Twenty-nine patients evaluated as P1CY0 or P1CY1 and 32 patients as P0CY1 underwent intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy+conversion therapy, and then a second laparoscopic exploration was performed to determine the treatment plan. In total, the original treatment regimens were changed after laparoscopic exploration in 99(44.0%) cases. The follow-up period ended in January 2019. The overall 2-year survival rate of 225 patients was 64.0%. As for those who were evaluated as P0CY0, P0CY1 and P1CY0-1 after the first laparoscopic exploration, the 2-year overall survival rate was 70.7%, 65.6% and 24.1%, respectively (P=0.002). The stratified analysis showed that among 180 patients with stage III tumor, after laparoscopic exploration combined with abdominal exfoliative cytology, 125 patients were found to be P0CY0, 28 were P0CY1, and 27 were P1CY0-1, whose 2-year overall survival rates were 70.4%, 64.3%, and 29.6% respectively, and the difference among these 3 groups was statistically significant (P=0.009). Conclusion: Laparoscopic exploration combined with abdominal exfoliative cytology in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer has important clinical guiding significance in improving accurate staging, treatment options and prognosis evaluation, and can avoid non-therapeutic open-close abdominal surgery.


Assuntos
Citodiagnóstico , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(1): 66-71, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008298

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of change of ideal cardiovascular behavior and related factors on healthy vascular aging(HVA). Methods: This study was a multi-center cross-sectional survey. Six thousand three hundred and sixteen participants who underwent at least 2 healthy examinations from 2006 to 2015 at 11 hospitals, including Kailuan Hospital and so on, and examined brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) during 2010 and 2016, with available information about cardiovascular behavior and factors were included. The cardiovascular health score (CHS) was calculated. Basic CHS was collected from the first examination. The second CHS derived from the healthy examination in the same year of baPWV examination. Change of cardiovascular health score (ΔCHS) was calculated. Participants were defined into 5 groups according to ΔCHS, namely ΔCHS≤-2 (n=2 166), ΔCHS=-1 (n=1 284), ΔCHS=0 (n=1 187), ΔCHS=1 (n=860), and ΔCHS≥2 (n=819). Participants' characteristics, value of baPWV and proportion of HVA were compared among different groups. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the association between ΔCHS and HVA. The ΔCHS was recalculated and included in multiple logistic regression analysis model again after each component of the cardiovascular health metrics was removed separately in order to investigate effects of removal factors on HVA by observing changes in effect values. Results: The percentage of the participants with HVA in the group of ΔCHS≤-2, ΔCHS=-1, ΔCHS=0, ΔCHS=1 and ΔCHS≥2 were 23.3%(505/2 166), 27.8%(357/1 284), 28.7%(341/1 187),31.9%(274/860) and 33.9%(278/819), respectively. After adjustment for age, sex, income, education, alcohol consumption and the basic CHS, a significant positive association between ΔCHS and proportion of participants with HVA was observed (OR=1.50, 95%CI 1.44-1.56). Multiple regression analysis after removing each single cardiovascular behavior or factor showed that the OR value decreased as follow systolic blood pressure (OR=1.04, 95%CI 1.00-1.09), fasting blood glucose (OR=1.14, 95%CI 1.09-1.18), physical exercise (OR=1.16, 95%CI 1.11-1.21), salt intake (OR=1.17, 95%CI 1.12-1.22), body mass index (OR=1.18, 95%CI 1.13-1.23), smoking(OR=1.18, 95%CI 1.13-1.23) and total cholesterol (OR=1.20, 95%CI 1.16-1.24). Conclusion: The improvement of every ideal cardiovascular behavior and factor is associated with the increase of the proportion of HVA population.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Pressão Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Cardiovasculares , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(1): 127-130, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062955

RESUMO

Frailty syndrome, caused by degenerative changes in the body and the body vulnerability due to a variety of chronic diseases, is associated with adverse outcomes, such as fall, disability and mortality. With the development of antiretroviral therapy, the average life span of HIV/AIDS patients is extended, the number of elderly living with HIV/AIDS has increased, resulting the increase of the incidence of frailty syndrome in this population. The incidence of frailty syndrome in the elderly is associated with HIV infection and adverse reaction of antiretroviral therapy. Early assessment and intervention of frailty syndrome in elderly HIV/AIDS patients can reduce adverse clinical events and improve the quality of life.


Assuntos
Idoso Fragilizado , Infecções por HIV , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , HIV , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Síndrome
19.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(2): 103-109, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074820

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the application value of Pentacam combined with Corvis ST in evaluation of the changes of corneal biomechanics after femtosecond laser small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) in Chinese myopia with an irregular cornea. Methods: The clinical records for 104 eyes of 57 patients who received SMILE in the Refractive Center of Beijing Tongren Hospital during January 2018 and May 2018 were collected. According to the keratoconus severity index (KSI), they were divided into two groups: regular corneal group (KSI<15%) and irregular corneal group (KSI: 15% to 25%). In both groups, the anterior corneal surface radius curvature was>7.25 mm (K<46.50 diopters), the posterior corneal surface radius curvature was>5.90 mm, the thinnest pachymetry was>490 µm, and best corrected visual acuity was ≥1.0. The vision, refraction, and corneal biomechanics before and after SMILE were assessed. The Topographic and Biomechanics Index (TBI) was analyzed by Pentacam combined with Corvis ST. Results: Before SMILE, the Corvis Biomechanical Index (CBI), TBI, and Belin/Ambrósio Deviation Normalized Index (BADD) of the irregular corneal group were significantly higher (t=-2.17, -6.78, -4.37, P<0.05) than the regular corneal group, while the stiffness parameter (SPA1) was significantly lower (t=2.58, P=0.011) compared to the regular corneal group (P<0.05). In the irregular group, the TBI was (0.28±0.2); the maximum value was 0.03, and the minimum value was 0.43. The CBI was (0.09±0.21); the maximum value was 0.00, and the minimum value was 0.54. The BADD was (1.33±0.47); the maximum value was 0.42, and the minimum value was 2.26. In the regular group, the TBI was (0.05±0.08); the maximum value was 0.00, and the minimum value was 0.20. The CBI was (0.01±0.03); the maximum value was 0.00, and the minimum value was 0.17. The BADD was (0.92±0.46); the maximum value was 0.00, and the minimum value was 1.64. There was no significant difference between two groups in age (t=0.20, P=0.508), central corneal thickness (t=1.64, P=0.104), biomechanical corrected IOP (t=0.73, P=0.468), max inverse radius (t=-0.24, P=0.815), spherical equivalent (t=-0.97, P=0.335), and best corrected visual acuity (t=0.21, P=0.833). After SMILE, the deformation amplitude in the irregular group was significantly higher at 1 month and 3 months (t=-3.13, -3.09, P<0.05). The irregular group had a significantly higher deformation amplitude ratio at 1 week, 1 month, and 1 year (t=-2.72, -3.39, -2.51, P<0.05). The SPA1 in the irregular group was significantly lower than the regular group at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months (t=2.11, 2.73, 3.70, P=0.335, 0.010,<0.001). The changes of deformation amplitude (t=0.50, -1.10, -0.73, 2.12, P>0.05), max inverse radius (t=-1.52, -1.41, 0.01, -0.79, P>0.05), and SPA1(t=0.89, 0.90, 1.12, 0.90, P>0.05) after SMILE were similar between the irregular and regular groups, except that at 1 month after SIMILE, the deformation amplitude ratio changed more significantly in the irregular group (t=-3.01, P=0.003). Conclusions: The changes of corneal biomechanics in the groups of regular cornea and irregular cornea were stable with no significant difference during 1 year of post-SMILE. The diagnosis based on the corneal topography and corneal biomechanics is of certain significance for the screening of early keratoconus before keratorefractive surgery. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2020, 56:103-109).


Assuntos
Córnea , Ceratocone , Miopia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Córnea/fisiologia , Córnea/cirurgia , Substância Própria , Topografia da Córnea , Humanos , Acuidade Visual
20.
J Helminthol ; 94: e118, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959266

RESUMO

Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a detoxifying enzyme family that is essential for parasite blood-feeding and survival, and represent potential targets for hookworm vaccine development. Multiple GST-encoding complementary DNAs (cDNAs) have been cloned from Ancylostoma caninum and Necator americanus, but there are no reports about the cloning of this enzyme from Ancylostoma ceylanicum, the animal-derived zoonotic hookworm. To study the molecular nature and tissue localization of GST of A. ceylanicum (Ace-GST), we designed primers based on the GST gene sequence of A. ceylanicum in GenBank, amplified the Ace-GST cDNA by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and analysed its homology and genetic evolution relationship. The amplified product was cloned into the pET-32a vector and transformed into Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) for expression. To prepare anti-GST polyclonal antibodies, the recombinant protein was purified and used to immunize Kunming mice. The level of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody in the serum of immunized mice was detected by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the Ace-GST localization in adult worm was determined using the immunofluorescence method. The results showed that the full-length cDNA encoding Ace-GST was 468 bp, which had the highest homology with Ac-GST-1 (60.1%) and clustered into one branch (v-class) with Ac-GST-1 and Na-GST-1 in a phylogenetic tree. Mice immunized with recombinant Ace-GST showed specific IgG antibody response. Immunolocalization revealed that natural Ace-GST is mainly located in the epidermis, muscle and intestine of the adult. These results may lay a foundation for further studies on the biological function of Ace-GST.


Assuntos
Ancylostoma , Glutationa Transferase/metabolismo , Ancylostoma/genética , Ancylostoma/imunologia , Ancylostoma/metabolismo , Ancilostomíase , Animais , Anticorpos Anti-Helmínticos , Antígenos de Helmintos/genética , Antígenos de Helmintos/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , DNA de Helmintos/genética , DNA de Helmintos/isolamento & purificação , Escherichia coli/genética , Glutationa Transferase/genética , Imuno-Histoquímica , Filogenia , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Transformação Bacteriana
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