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1.
Talanta ; 207: 120280, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594565

RESUMO

Thrombin and its aptamers have been well studied and widely used as models in aptamer based assays and sensors. Here we reported a thrombin-linked sandwich immunoassay for proteins to demonstrate new applications of thrombin and the aptamers, converting protein detection to analysis of thrombin label. In this assay, target protein was sandwiched by the capture antibody on a microplate and the biotinylated detection antibody. Thrombin bound to one biotinylated aptamer, and then the thrombin-labeled aptamer was attached on the sandwich complex through streptavidin-biotin interaction by using streptavidin as a linker. Thrombin catalyzed cleavage of fluorogenic peptide substrates, generating fluorescence signals for target detection. Among a few different anti-thrombin aptamers, the use of one nuclease resistant RNA aptamer having phosphorodithioate (PS2) modification on a specific backbone position enabled higher assay sensitivity due to its much higher affinity. This thrombin-linked sandwich immunoassay allowed detection of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) at 2 pM, an important protein related cancer disease, with high sensitivity and specificity. The strategy was general, and also enabled sensitive detection of botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNTA) light chain, one toxin protein causing risk to human health. This assay combines advantages of antibody recognition, aptamer affinity labeling, high affinity of aptamers, and enzyme activity of thrombin. Labeling thrombin on the immunosandwich complex through simple affinity binding overcomes limitations of covalent conjugating enzyme on antibody in conventional immunoassay. This assay is promising in applications for protein detection.

2.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(8): e776-e780, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689739

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is the critical regulator of the proliferation, differentiation, and survival of granulocytes. Recently, it has been shown that G-CSF can adversely affect bone health in both animal models and patients. Here, the authors aimed to investigate whether G-CSF could inhibit the growth of osteoblasts and osteocytes by regulating nitric oxide. METHODS: The C57BL/6 mice were divided into the control group, G-CSF treatment group and recovery group (G-CSF+L-NAME). The morphology of femurs was assessed by histology and immunohistochemistry. The expression of apoptosis-related molecules in femurs was detected by immunohistochemistry and quantitative RT-PCR, respectively. To examine if neutrophil-secreted factors can induce apoptosis in osteoblasts, Gr1-positive (Gr1+) neutrophils from the bone marrow of wild-type mice were sorted and co-cultured with MC3T3 pre-osteoblasts for 2 days. RESULTS: The number of osteoblasts and newly embedding osteocytes significantly decreased and markers related to osteoblasts and osteocytes were downregulated in the G-CSF treatment compared to the control group. Moreover, G-CSF treatment did not change proliferation markers but induced apoptosis in osteoblast-lineage cells. The combined treatment of mice with G-CSF and a nitric oxide inhibitor partially restored the number of osteoblasts and osteocyte parameters. CONCLUSIONS: The G-CSF can inhibit osteoblasts and osteocytes by upregulating nitric oxide.

3.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(5): 1476-1481, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607301

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanisms of angiogenesis in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) through detecting the levels of angiogenesis-related factors secreted from K562 cells after overexpression and interference of HIF-1α gene in K562 cells. METHODS: The K562 cells were transfected by lentiviruses carried and interfered HIF-1α gene, then the transtected K562 cells with carried and interfered with HIF-1α gene were enrolled in overexpression and interference groups respectively, at the same time the K562 cells transfected by the empty virus were enrolled in control group. The cells were harvested after culture for 72 hours under normoxid condition. The transfection efficient in 3 groups was detected by fluorescence microscopy; the mRNA expression of HIF-1α gene and angiogenesis-related factors was detected by RT-PCR; the concentration of angiogenesis-related factors in the caltured supernatant was detected by ELISA. RESULTS: The optimal MOI of K562 cells transfected with lentivirus was 10 and the transfection efficiency was about 50%. The positive rate of transfection after screening by puromycin was more than 90%. The mRNA expression of ANG-I, ANG-II, TGF-α and VEGF in the interference group was lower than that in the over-expression group, and the TGF-ß1 mRNA expression in the interference group was higher than in the over-expression group. The mRNA expression of ANG-I and VEGF in the interference group was lower than that in the control group. TGF-αdid not could be detected, and the culture supernatant concentration of ANG-I and TNF-α in the interference group was lower than in the over-expression group, while the VEGF concentration in the interference group was higher than that in the over-expression group. All of the above-mentioned differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The positive K562 cells transfected with leutivirus have been harvested by screening with puromycin. The HIF-1α mRNA positively regulates the mRNA expression of ANG-1, ANG-2, TGF-α, VEGF in K562 cells, promotes the antocrine ability of ANG-1 and TNF-α, moreover not stimulates the autocrine of TGF-α, the up-regulation of HIF-1α expression can inhibit the expression TGF-ß1 in K562 cells and the autocrine of TGF-ß1.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(42): 38429-38439, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573790

RESUMO

Implanted medical biomaterials are closely in contact with host biological systems via biomaterial-cell/tissue interactions, and these interactions play pivotal roles in regulating cell functions and tissue regeneration. However, many biomaterials degrade over time, and these degradation products also have been shown to interact with host cells/tissue. Therefore, it may prove useful to specifically design implanted biomaterials with degradation products which greatly improve the performance of the implant. Herein, we report an injectable, citrate-containing polyester hydrogel which can release citrate as a cell regulator via hydrogel degradation and simultaneously show sustained release of an encapsulated growth factor Mydgf. By coupling the therapeutic effect of the hydrogel degradation product (citrate) with encapsulated Mydgf, we observed improved postmyocardial infarction (MI) heart repair in a rat MI model. Intramyocardial injection of our Mydgf-loaded citrate-containing hydrogel was shown to significantly reduce scar formation and infarct size, increase wall thickness and neovascularization, and improve heart function. This bioactive injectable hydrogel-mediated combinatorial approach offers myriad advantages including potential adjustment of delivery rate and duration, improved therapeutic effect, and minimally invasive administration. Our rational design combining beneficial degradation product and controlled release of therapeutics provides inspiration toward the next generation of biomaterials aiming to revolutionize regenerative medicine.

5.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(11): 728, 2019 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656974

RESUMO

A fluorometric aptamer based assay is described for rapid and sensitive detection of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). It is making use of a fluorescein (FAM) labeled anti-AFB1 aptamer and complementary DNA-modified gold nanoparticles (GNPs). In the absence of AFB1, the FAM-labeled aptamers hybridize with complementary DNA strands that were covalently immobilized on GNPs. This results in quenching of the green fluorescence (with excitation/emission peaks at 485/525 nm). In the presence of AFB1, the aptamer probe binds AFB1 and is released from the GNPs. Hence, fluorescence is restored. Under optimized conditions, AFB1 in the concentration range from 61 pM to 4.0 µM can be detected, and the detection limit is 61 pM. This assay is highly selective for AFB1. It was applied to the determination of AFB1 spiked into 50-fold diluted wine and 20-fold diluted beer. Graphical abstract Schematic presentation of fluorometric detection of AFB1 using a fluorescein (FAM) labeled anti-AFB1 aptamer and complementary DNA-modified gold nanoparticles (GNPs).

6.
Chem Asian J ; 14(21): 3791-3802, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568646

RESUMO

Electroluminochromism (ELC) refers to an interesting phenomenon exhibited by a material whose luminescent properties can be reversibly modulated under an electrical stimulus. Such a luminescence-switching property has been widely used in various organic optoelectronic devices because it can simultaneously detect electrical and optical signals. Metal complexes are the promising candidates for ELC materials due to their sensitivity to an electrical stimulus. Herein, recent progress on electroluminochromic materials and devices based on various metal complexes has been summarized. Meanwhile, the applications of these complexes in data recording and security protection have also been discussed. Finally, a brief conclusion and outlook are presented, pointing out that the development of electroluminochromic metal complexes with excellent performance is important because they play a vital role in future intelligent optoelectronic devices.

7.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15530, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664126

RESUMO

Nitrogen application at the beginning flowering stage (R1 stage) increased the soybean grain yield, however, the rapid effect of enriched nitrogen at R1 growth stage on soybean dry matter accumulation and sugar metabolism is still unclear. Continuous high nitrogen (CHN), Continuous low nitrogen (CLN), Enriched nitrogen supply at R1 stage (ENS) treatments were applied on two soybean cultivars (Liaodou11, Liaodou14), to investigate the effect of enriched nitrogen on plant biomass accumulation and sucrose metabolism. After 12 h of ENS treatment, the root/shoot rate of both cultivars were lower than that of CLN, but at 24 h it was no significant difference between ENS and CLN. Enriched N at R1 stage, soybean kept a balance of sucrose synthesis and decomposition in leaf by affecting sucrose synthetase (SS) and sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS) activities. Under N limitation condition the plant dry matter accumulation supported root growth priority. Enriched N at R1 stage resulted in the rapid shoot biomass accumulation. In high yield cultivar, the shoot growth was priority to root growth, the common yield cultivar was on the contrary. Our result suggest that enrich N at R1 stage resulted in the accumulation of biomass in shoot rapidly.

8.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; : e1900601, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622021

RESUMO

SCOPE: Palmitic acid (PA) contributes to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease by promoting endothelial dysfunction, while naringenin, most abundant in oranges, has been shown to exert multiple beneficial effects on the human cardiovascular system. This study explores whether naringenin prevents PA-induced apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). METHODS AND RESULTS: Treatment of PA for at least 24 h causes observable decrease in levels of cell viability, oxidative stress, disorder of autophagy flux, and apoptosis in HUVECs. Naringenin enhances the viability of the PA-treated HUVECs and, additionally, effectively decreases oxidative stress by scavenging ROS, and increasing the SOD2 level and GPx activity. Autophagy flux is protected by naringenin, as evidenced by the decreases in the ratio of LC3B-II/I, expression level of p62 and number of autophagosomes, and the increase in the number of autolysosomes in the PA-induced HUVECs. These effects are confirmed by the oxidative stress inhibitor N-acetyl-cysteine and autophagy inhibitor chloroquine. The molecular data indicate that the protective effects of naringenin on autophagy flux may also be regulated via the JNK pathway, as verified via the application of JNK inhibitor SP600125. CONCLUSION: These findings provide a possible mechanism by which naringenin prevents endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular diseases.

9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(44): 17482-17486, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647229

RESUMO

Photochemical reactions at lower energy than the absorption window are currently achieved by multi-photon processes, including two-photon absorption and photon upconversion, which have limited energy utilization efficiency. Here, we report a one-photon strategy based on triplet-triplet energy transfer (TTET) between a photosensitizer and a photocleavable molecule to achieve photolysis at low energy. To verify this concept, we chose platinum(II) tetraphenyltetrabenzoporphyrin (PtTPBP) as the photosensitizer and synthesized a boron-dipyrromethene (BODIPY)-based prodrug as the photocleavable molecule. Photolysis of the prodrug is achieved by TTET upon excitation of PtTPBP at 625 nm with a photolysis quantum yield of 2.8%. Another demonstration shows an unexpected higher photolysis quantum yield than the direct excitation at 530 nm. This strategy opens a new path for achieving photolysis at long wavelengths, benefiting the applications in biological studies, photopharmacology, and photoresponsive drug delivery.

10.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 95: 203-212, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610293

RESUMO

The complement system constitutes a highly sophisticated and powerful body defense machinery acting in the innate immunity of both vertebrates and invertebrates. As central components of the complement system, significant effects of thioester-containing protein (TEP) family members on immunity have been reported in most vertebrates and in some invertebrates, but the spatiotemporal expression and regulatory patterns of TEP family genes under environmental stress have been less widely investigated in scallops. In this study, expression profiling of TEP family members in the Yesso scallop Patinopecten yessoensis (designated PyTEPs) was performed at all developmental stages, in different healthy adult tissues, and in mantles during exposure to different levels of acidification (pH = 6.5 and 7.5) for different time points (3, 6, 12 and 24 h); this profiling was accomplished through in silico analysis of transcriptome and genome databases. Spatiotemporal expression patterns revealed that PyTEPs had specific functional differentiation in all stages of growth and development of the scallop. Expression analysis confirmed the inducible expression patterns of PyTEPs during exposure to acidification. Gene duplication and alternative splicing events simultaneously occurred in PyTEP1. Seven different cDNA variants of PyTEP1 (designated PyTEP1-A-PyTEP1-G) were identified in the scallop mantle transcriptome during acidic stress. These variants were produced by the alternative splicing of seven differentially transcribed exons (exons 18-24), which encode the highly variable central region. The responses to immune stress may have arisen through the gene duplication and alternative splicing of PyTEP1. The sequence diversity of PyTEP1 isoforms and their different expression profiles in response to ocean acidification (OA) suggested a mechanism used by scallops to differentiate and regulate PyTEP1 gene expression. Collectively, these results demonstrate the gene duplication and alternative splicing of TEP family genes and provide valuable resources for elucidating their versatile roles in bivalve innate immune responses to OA challenge.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566205

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The optimal antiplatelet strategy in patients undergoing CABG remains unclear. This is the first meta-analysis investigating the clinical outcomes associated with ticagrelor-based antiplatelet regimens in patients receiving CABG. METHODS: Relevant scientific databases were searched for studies investigating antiplatelet regimens after CABG from inception until April 1, 2019. Studies which randomly assigned CABG patients to either ticagrelor-based or control antiplatelet regimens were eligible. The primary outcome of this analysis was all-cause death. The main secondary outcome was MI. Other outcomes of interest were cardiac death, major adverse cardiac events, stroke and bleeding. This study is registered with PROSPERO, number CRD42019122192. RESULTS: Five trials comprising 3996 patients (2002 assigned to ticagrelor-based and 1994 to control antiplatelet regimens) were eligible for quantitative synthesis. The median follow-up was 12 months. Control antiplatelet regimens consisted of either aspirin or clopidogrel or both. As compared to control, ticagrelor-based regimens reduced the risk of all-cause death [0.61 (0.43-0.87); P = 0.007], cardiac death [0.58 (0.39-0.86); P = 0.007] and major adverse cardiac events [0.79 (0.63-0.98); P = 0.03], without difference in the risk of MI [0.76 (0.50-1.18); P = 0.22], stroke [0.99 (0.56-1.78); P = 0.98] or bleeding [1.04 (0.95-1.14); P = 0.41]. There was a treatment effect modification for the primary outcome associated with trials enrolling predominantly patients with acute coronary syndrome (P for interaction = 0.038). CONCLUSIONS: In patients receiving CABG, ticagrelor-based regimens reduce mortality and major adverse cardiac events without excess bleeding risk as compared with aspirin monotherapy or the combination of aspirin and clopidogrel. The benefit of ticagrelor-based regimens is more relevant in those studies enrolling predominantly patients with acute coronary syndrome. These findings require further confirmation in randomized trials focused on this subset of patients and powered for clinical outcomes.

12.
Plant Sci ; 288: 110219, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521216

RESUMO

The 14-3-3 proteins are a family of highly conserved phosphoserine-binding proteins that participate in the regulation of diverse physiological and developmental processes. In this research, twenty 14-3-3 genes in apples, which contained a highly conserved 14-3-3 domain, were identified and divided into two subgroups. Among them, MdGRF11 was further cloned and investigated. qRT-PCR analyses and GUS staining show that MdGRF11 is expressed in various organs and tissues with the highest expression levels found in the fruit. MdGRF11 was upregulated by polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG 6000), NaCl, abscisic acid (ABA) and low temperature (4 °C) treatments. MdGRF11-overexpressing transgenic Arabidopsis and apple calli exhibited reduced sensitivity to salt and PEG 6000 treatments. Moreover, the ectopic expression of MdGRF11 improved the tolerance of transgenic tobacco to salt and drought stresses, which grew longer roots, underwent more growth, and presented higher chlorophyll levels than the wild-type control under salt and drought stress conditions. Furthermore, MdGRF11 expression remarkably reduced electrolyte leakage, malondialdehyde content levels, H2O2 and O2- accumulation under salt and drought stress conditions, which relied on the regulation of ROS-scavenging signaling to reduce oxidative damage of cells after salt and drought stress treatment. MdGRF11 also enhanced tolerance to stress by upregulating expression levels of ROS-scavenging and stress-related genes, especially improving responses to drought stress by modifying the water loss rates and stomatal aperture. Moreover, MdGRF11 could interact with MdAREB/ABF transcription factors through yeast two hybrid analyses. In conclusion, our results indicate that MdGRF11 acts as a positive regulator of salt and drought stress responses through regulating ROS scavenging and other signaling systems.

13.
ACS Nano ; 13(9): 10261-10271, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509375

RESUMO

High energy/power density, capacitance, and long-life cycles are urgently demanded for energy storage electrodes. Porous carbons as benchmark commercial electrode materials are underscored by their (electro)chemical stability and wide accessibility, yet are often constrained by moderate performances associated with their powdery status. Here via controlled vacuum pyrolysis of a poly(ionic liquid) membrane template, advantageous features including good conductivity (132 S cm-1 at 298 K), interconnected hierarchical pores, large specific surface area (1501 m2 g-1), and heteroatom doping are realized in a single carbon membrane electrode. The structure synergy at multiple length scales enables large areal capacitances both for a basic aqueous electrolyte (3.1 F cm-2) and for a symmetric all-solid-state supercapacitor (1.0 F cm-2), together with superior energy densities (1.72 and 0.14 mW h cm-2, respectively) without employing a current collector. In addition, theoretical calculations verify a synergistic heteroatom co-doping effect beneficial to the supercapacitive performance. This membrane electrode is scalable and compatible for device fabrication, highlighting the great promise of a poly(ionic liquid) for designing graphitic nanoporous carbon membranes in advanced energy storage.

14.
BMJ Open ; 9(9): e028131, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562143

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Overweight and obesity have been shown to be related to multiple chronic conditions, leading to a heavy economic burden on society throughout the world. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity and determine potential influencing factors among adults in Xinjiang, northwest China. DESIGN: A community-based observational study. SETTING: The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University. METHODS: In total, 14 618 adult participants (7799 males; 6819 females) aged over 35 years were recruited from the Cardiovascular Risk Survey conducted in 2010. Data were obtained from face-to-face interviews and physical examinations. The sample was used to estimate the prevalence of overweight (body mass index (BMI) 24-28 kg/m2) and obesity (BMI ≥28 kg/m2) in Xinjiang Province. Influencing factors were analysed based on statistical methods. RESULTS: In Xinjiang Province, the overall prevalence of overweight was 36.5% (male 40.1%; female 33.4%), and the prevalence of obesity was 26.5% (male 27.2%; female 25.8%). The prevalence of both overweight and obesity were higher in women than in men (p<0.001). The main influencing factors for overweight and obesity were sex, age, race, marital status, education level, occupation, smoking, drinking, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidaemia (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study estimated that the prevalence of overweight and obesity among adult residents of Xinjiang Province, northwest China, was high. These data suggest that efforts related to the prevention and control of overweight and obesity should be a public health priority in northwest China.

15.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 144: 111641, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494505

RESUMO

Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is the most toxic mycotoxin, causing harmful effects on human and animal health, and the rapid and sensitive detection of AFB1 is highly demanded. We developed a simple electrochemical aptasensor achieving rapid detection of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). A short anti-AFB1 aptamer having a methylene blue (MB) redox tag at the 3'-end was immobilized on the surface of a gold electrode. In the absence of AFB1, a complementary DNA (cDNA) strand hybridized with the MB-labeled aptamer, causing MB apart from the electrode surface and low current of MB. In the presence of AFB1, AFB1 competed with the cDNA in the binding to the MB-labeled aptamer, and the aptamer-AFB1 binding caused formation of a hairpin structure, making the MB close to the electrode surface and current of MB increase. Under optimized conditions, we achieved detection of AFB1 over dynamic concentration range of 2 nM-4 µM by using this signal-on electrochemical aptasensor. This method only required a simple 5-min incubation of sample solution prior to rapid electrochemical sensing, more rapid than other electrochemical aptasensors. The sensor could be well regenerated and reused. This sensor allowed to detect AFB1 spiked in 20-fold diluted beer and 50-fold diluted white wine, respectively. It shows potential for detection of AFB1 in wide applications.

16.
Dev Neurosci ; : 1-9, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536986

RESUMO

The Papez circuit is crucial for several brain functions, including long-term memory and emotion. Estradiol modulates cognitive functions based on the expression pattern of its receptor subtypes including estrogen receptor (ER) α, ß, and G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30). Similarly, the activity in the cholinergic system correlates with several brain functions, such as learning and memory. In this study, we used immunofluorescence to examine the expression patterns of ERß and Western blotting to analyze GPR30 and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) expression, in different regions of the Papez circuit, including the prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, hypothalamus, anterior nucleus of the thalamus, and cingulum in female rats at postnatal days (PND) 1, 10, and 56. Our main finding was that the highest expression of ERß and GPR30 was noted in each brain area of the Papez circuit in the PND1 rats, whereas the expression of ChAT was the highest in PND10 rats. These results provide vital information on the postnatal expression patterns of ER subtypes and ChAT in different regions of the Papez circuit.

17.
Acta Biomater ; 97: 321-332, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523025

RESUMO

For the surgical treatment of coronary artery disease, renal artery stenosis and other peripheral vascular diseases, there is significant demand for small diameter (inner diameter <6 mm) vascular grafts. However, autologous grafts are not always available when the substitute vascular grafts are severely diseased. In our previous work, hybrid small-diameter vascular grafts were successfully fabricated by combining electrospun polycaprolactone (PCL) and decellularized rat aorta (DRA). However, histological assessments of these grafts revealed the development of intimal hyperplasia, indicating potential negative impacts on the long-term patency of these grafts. To address this challenge, PCL nanofibers blended with rapamycin (RM) were electrospun outside the decellularized vascular graft to fabricate a RM-loaded hybrid tissue-engineered vascular graft (RM-HTEV), endowing the graft with a drug delivery function to prevent intimal hyperplasia. RM-HTEV possessed superior mechanical properties compared to DRA and exhibited a sustained drug release profile. To evaluate the applicability of RM-HTEV in vivo, abdominal aorta transplantation was performed on rats. Doppler sonography showed that the grafts were functional for up to 8 weeks in vivo. Moreover, histological analysis of explanted grafts 12 weeks postimplantation demonstrated that RM-HTEV significantly decreased neo-intimal hyperplasia compared with HTEV, without impairing reendothelialization and M2 macrophage polarization. Overall, RM-HTEV represents a promising strategy for developing small-diameter vascular grafts with great clinical translational potential. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: In this study, a new type of rapamycin-loaded hybrid tissue-engineered vascular graft (RM-HTEV) was fabricated using electrospinning technology. The unique hybrid bi-layer structure endowed the RM-HTEV with multi-functionality: the exterior rapamycin-loaded electrospun PCL nanofibrous layer enhanced the mechanical properties of the graft and possessed drug releasing property; the interior decellularized aorta layer with porous structure could facilitate cell proliferation and migration. In in vivo implantation experiment, RM-HTEV exhibited satisfying long-term patency rate and significantly inhibited intimal hyperplasia without impairing re-endothelialization and M2 macrophage polarization. This strategy is expected to be a promising strategy for developing bioactive small-diameter vascular grafts with great clinical translational potential.

18.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4244, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31534125

RESUMO

Sodium metal batteries have potentially high energy densities, but severe sodium-dendrite growth and side reactions prevent their practical applications, especially at high temperatures. Herein, we design an inorganic ionic conductor/gel polymer electrolyte composite, where uniformly cross-linked beta alumina nanowires are compactly coated by a poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene)-based gel polymer electrolyte through their strong molecular interactions. These  beta alumina nanowires combined with the gel polymer layer create dense and homogeneous solid-liquid hybrid sodium-ion transportation channels through and along the nanowires, which promote uniform sodium deposition and formation of a stable and flat solid electrolyte interface on the sodium metal anode. Side reactions between the sodium metal and liquid electrolyte, as well as sodium dendrite formation, are successfully suppressed, especially at 60 °C. The sodium vanadium phosphate/sodium full cells with composite electrolyte exhibit 95.3% and 78.8% capacity retention after 1000 cycles at 1 C at 25 °C and 60 °C, respectively.

19.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 519(2): 366-371, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519324

RESUMO

Zinc finger homeobox 3 (ZFHX3) is a transcription factor that regulates multiple cellular processes including cell proliferation, differentiation and neoplastic development. It is also involved in the function of steroid hormones estrogen and progesterone and the peptide hormone prolactin in mammary epithelial cells. In this study, we investigated whether and how ZFHX3 regulates intracellular calcium homeostasis in mammary epithelial cells. We found that ZFHX3 affected both store operated calcium entry and store independent calcium entry (SOCE and SICE). Simultaneously, the expression of the calcium channel TRPV6 was regulated by ZFHX3, as demonstrated by expression analysis and luciferase reporter assay. In cells with knockdown of ZFHX3, calcium entry was partially rescued by the overexpression of wild type but not the pore mutants of TRPV6. In addition, overexpression of TRPV6 promoted differentiation of the MCF10A mammary epithelial cells in three-dimensional culture, which is consistent with our previous findings that ZFHX3 is essential for mammary gland differentiation. These findings suggest that ZFHX3 plays an important role in intracellular calcium homeostasis in mammary epithelial cells, at least in part, by regulating TRPV6.

20.
Mol Plant Microbe Interact ; 32(10): 1391-1401, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408392

RESUMO

Salicylic acid (SA) is closely related to disease resistance of plants. WRKY transcription factors have been linked to the growth and development of plants, especially under stress conditions. However, the regulatory mechanism of WRKY proteins involved in SA production and disease resistance in apple is not clear. In this study, MdPBS3.1 responded to Botryosphaeria dothidea and enhanced resistance to B. dothidea. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays, yeast one-hybrid assays, and chromatin immunoprecipitation and quantitative PCR demonstrated that MdWRKY46 can directly bind to a W-box motif in the promoter of MdPBS3.1. Glucuronidase transactivation and luciferase analysis further showed that MdWRKY46 can activate the expression of MdPBS3.1. Finally, B. dothidea inoculation in transgenic apple calli and fruits revealed that MdWRKY46 improved resistance to B. dothidea by the transcriptional activation of MdPBS3.1. Viral vector-based transformation assays indicated that MdWRKY46 elevates SA content and transcription of SA-related genes, including MdPR1, MdPR5, and MdNPR1 in an MdPBS3.1-dependent way. These findings provide new insights into how MdWRKY46 regulates plant resistance to B. dothidea through the SA signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Resistência à Doença , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Malus , Proteínas de Plantas , Transdução de Sinais , Ascomicetos/fisiologia , Resistência à Doença/genética , Malus/genética , Malus/microbiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Ácido Salicílico/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética
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