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2.
Dig Liver Dis ; 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Furin is a proprotein convertase reported to have protective effects in several autoimmune diseases. However, the role of furin in ulcerative colitis (UC) remains unclear. We aimed to clarify this role. METHODS: Furin expression was measured in UC and dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of furin in UC using DSS-treated NCM460 cells. Several ferroptotic parameters, including cell viability, cell death rate, lipid reactive oxygen species level, mitochondrial membrane damage and glutathione peroxidase 4 (Gpx4) expression, were measured. Exogenous furin was used to treat the DSS-induced colitis in mice to confirm the results in vivo. Finally, the activation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-like 2 (Nrf2) was detected to explore the mechanism. RESULTS: Furin expression was aberrant in UC. Furin overexpression attenuated DSS-induced ferroptosis-like injury and upregulated Gpx4 in NCM460 cells, whereas silencing furin had the opposite effects. Exogenous furin treatment alleviated DSS-induced colitis in mice by upregulating Gpx4. Mechanistic experiments revealed that furin activated Nrf2 both in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Furin protects epithelial cells from DSS-induced ferroptosis-like cell injury and alleviates experimental colitis by activating the Nrf2-Gpx4 signaling pathway.

3.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(3): 4634-4646, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic idiopathic gastrointestinal disease. Increasing evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) may participate in the pathophysiology of IBD. METHODS: A miRCURY™ LNA Array and in situ hybridization were employed to screen for differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) in fecal specimens from 41 IBD patients (22 ulcerative colitis (UC), 19 Crohn's disease (CD)) and 23 healthy controls (HC). RT-qPCR was performed to confirm the findings. The DEMs target genes and corresponding biological functions were predicted by bioinformatics analysis. RESULTS: Compared with HC, miR-16-5p in the feces was up-regulated both in UC and CD patients (p < 0.01), while miR-21-5p was up-regulated only in UC patients (p < 0.01). TargetScan 7.2, miRWalk, and miRDB were used to predict 216 public target genes of miR-16-5p and miR-21-5p, and six hub genes (PIK3R1, GRB2, SUZ12, NTRK2, Smurf2, and WWP1) were analyzed using the STRING database and Cytoscape. All the hub genes promote the occurrence and development of IBD-related colorectal cancer. CONCLUSIONS: The elevated levels of miR-16-5p and miR-21-5p in feces of IBD patients have to guide significance for the noninvasive clinical diagnosis of IBD and have a warning effect on the occurrence of IBD-related colorectal cancer.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(3): e23934, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conventional white-light imaging endoscopy (C-WLI) had a significant number of misdiagnosis in early gastric cancer (EGC), and magnifying endoscopy (ME) combined with different optical imaging was more accurate in the diagnosis of EGC. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of ME and compare the accuracy of ME with different optical imaging in detecting EGC. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify all relevant studies. Pair-wise meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the accuracy of ME, and Bayesian network meta-analysis was performed to combine direct and indirect evidence and estimate the relative effects. RESULTS: Eight prospective studies were identified with a total of 5948 patients and 3 optical imaging in ME (ME with WLI (M-WLI), ME with narrow-band imaging (M-NBI), and ME with blue laser imaging (M-BLI)). Pair-wise meta-analysis showed a higher accuracy of ME than C-WLI (OR: 2.97, 95% CI: 1.68∼5.25). In network meta-analysis, both M-NBI and M-BLI were more accurate than M-WLI (OR: 2.56, 95% CI: 2.13∼3.13; OR: 3.13, 95% CI: 1.85∼5.71). There was no significant difference between M-NBI and M-BLI. CONCLUSION: ME was effective in improving the detecting rate of EGC, especially with NBI or BLI.


Assuntos
Endoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Endoscopia/normas , Endoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Razão de Chances , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/fisiopatologia
5.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(4): 5475-5484, 2021 02 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33589577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioma, one of the most prevalent and aggressive cancers, is regulated by long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). This study aims to research the functional mechanism of lncRNA PCGEM1 involved in glioma progression. METHODS: Expression levels of PCGEM1, miR-539-5p and CDK6 were analyzed by qRT-PCR in NHA, U251, U87, and LN229 cells or glioma tissues. shRNAs were used to knock down PCGEM1 in U251 and LN229 cells. Kaplan-Meier curve and log rank test were utilized to examine survival rate. CCK8 (Cell Counting Kit-8) assay, colony formation assay and EdU staining were conducted to detect cell proliferation. Transwell assay was performed to evaluate cell migration and invasion. Luciferase reporter assay was conducted to assess RNA interaction between PCGEM1 and miR-539-5p. Nude mice were used for tumor xenograft assay. RESULTS: LncRNA PCGEM1 was upregulated in glioma tissues and tumor cell lines. PCGEM1 upregulation predicted unsatisfactory prognosis. PCGEM1 knockdown inhibited proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion. PCGEM1 knockdown delayed tumor growth in vivo. PCGEM1 played as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for miR-539-5p to promote CDK6 expression. MiR-539-5p mimics repressed glioma progression while CDK6 overexpression reversed the roles of PCGEM1 knockdown. CONCLUSION: PCGEM1 knockdown suppressed glioma progression through sponging miR-539-5p and regulating CDK6 expression, implying PCGEM1 as a potential therapeutic target.

6.
Dig Dis ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440392

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cronkhite-Canada syndrome (CCS) is a rare non-inherited disease characterized by extensive gastrointestinal (GI) polyposis and ectodermal dysplasia. So far, most of CCS related literatures are published as single case report or reviewed with limited case numbers. Our study was to update the clinical and endoscopic characteristics of Chinese CCS patients. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted in 103 Chinese CCS patients (102 cases from literatures and 1 case from our department). Their clinical and endoscopic data were collected, and statistical analyses were performed. RESULTS: 1) In Chinese population, people aged 50-70 years (62.62%) had a high incidence of CCS, and the ratio of male-to-female was 2.68:1. 2) The diverse range of GI manifestations were observed in all the patients, and almost all the patients had at least one symptom of ectodermal dysplasias. 3) All CCS patients presented multiple polyps in the GI tract except esophagus, and the size and appearance of polyps were diverse. Congestion, edema and erosion were very common on the surface of polyps (96.83%) and the surrounding mucosa (85.71%) . 4) The common pathological features of polyps were hyperplastic polyps (49.25%) and tubular adenomatous polyps (44.78%). There is 5.97% cancer reported. CONCLUSIONS: middle-aged and elderly people are the high-risk group; various GI symptoms are observed in Chinese patients; the typical endoscopic finding is multiple small sessile polyps; these GI polyps has a chance of malignant potential. Long-term endoscopic surveillance and follow-up are recommended for the Chinese CCS patients. Key words: Cronkhite-Canada syndrome, Clinical characteristics, Endoscopy.

7.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 63(4): 787-802, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433058

RESUMO

Trimethylated histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27me3) is a repressive histone marker that regulates a variety of developmental processes, including those that determine flowering time. However, relatively little is known about the mechanism of how H3K27me3 is recognized to regulate transcription. Here, we identified BAH domain-containing transcriptional regulator 1 (BDT1) as an H3K27me3 reader. BDT1 is responsible for preventing flowering by suppressing the expression of flowering genes. Mutation of the H3K27me3 recognition sites in the BAH domain disrupted the binding of BDT1 to H3K27me3, leading to de-repression of H3K27me3-enriched flowering genes and an early-flowering phenotype. We also found that BDT1 interacts with a family of PHD finger-containing proteins, which we named PHD1-6, and with CPL2, a Pol II carboxyl terminal domain (CTD) phosphatase responsible for transcriptional repression. Pull-down assays showed that the PHD finger-containing proteins can enhance the binding of BDT1 to the H3K27me3 peptide. Mutations in all of the PHD genes caused increased expression of flowering genes and an early-flowering phenotype. This study suggests that the binding of BDT1 to the H3K27me3 peptide, which is enhanced by PHD proteins, is critical for preventing early flowering.

8.
Gastroenterology ; 160(5): 1872-1873, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33387516
9.
Vet Microbiol ; 253: 108944, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370618

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to explore the characteristics of blaCTX-M-27 carriage and mobilization in Salmonella and Escherichia coli isolates from food-producing animals in China. A total of 2280 E. coli and 229 Salmonella isolates collected from food animals from June 2003 to September 2014 were screened for the presence of blaCTX-M-27 gene. The blaCTX-M-27-positive isolates were typed and plasmid DNA sequenced to determine the genetic context of blaCTX-M-27 and plasmid types present. Bacterial fitness was evaluated by growth curve and plasmid stability in vitro. CTX-M-27-positive E. coli (18, 0.79 %) and Salmonella (34, 14.85 %) were detected. PFGE profiles of CTX-M-27-positive strains revealed a wide variety of genotypes and S. Indiana was the most prevalent serotype. Replicon typing, S1-PFGE and hybridization of CTX-M-27-carrying plasmids confirmed that blaCTX-M-27 gene was located on IncFII (12/18), IncN (4/18), and non-typeable (2/18) plasmids in E. coli and on P1-like bacteriophage (21/34), IncP (4/34), IncFIB (4/34), IncN (2/34), IncHI2 (2/34), and IncA/C (1/34) plasmids in Salmonella. Comparison and analysis of gene context of blaCTX-M-27 in P1-like bacteriophage and plasmids revealed they shared the same structure and contained an identical genetic context with the Tn1721-like structure ΔISEcp1B-blaCTX-M-27-IS903D-iroN-Δmap-Tn1721. In addition, plasmid stability tests indicated that the blaCTX-M-27 P1-like bacteriophage were more stable than plasmids in the absence of cefotaxime selective pressure. These results demonstrate that Tn1721-like transposons harboring CTX-M-27 could be mobilized between different plasmids in E. coli and P1-like bacteriophage disseminated among Salmonella.

10.
Gerontology ; : 1-8, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33260183

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With a rapidly aging population, the need for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is increasing. The commonly used sedation anesthesia in ERCP is a combination of propofol and fentanyl, even though fentanyl may cause some adverse reactions such as respiratory depression. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of oxycodone combined with propofol versus fentanyl combined with propofol for sedation anesthesia during ERCP. METHODS: A total of 193 patients aged from 65 to 80 years undergoing ERCP were enrolled and randomized into two groups: an "oxycodone combined with propofol" group (group OP, n = 97) and a "fentanyl combined with propofol" group (group FP, n = 96). The rate of perioperative adverse events as well as the recovery time, patients' satisfaction, and endoscopists' satisfaction were noted. RESULTS: There was no difference in the frequency of hypotension or bradycardia between the two groups, but there were more episodes of desaturation (SpO2 <90% for >10 s in 8.3%), postoperative nausea (7.3%), and vomiting (5.2%) in group FP than in group OP. Patients' satisfaction in group FP was lower than that in group OP. The recovery time was longer in group FP than in group OP. CONCLUSIONS: Oxycodone combined with propofol was effective in ERCP, with a low incidence of perioperative adverse events.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemic colitis (IC) was investigated to be associated with dyslipidemia and subcutaneous adipose tissue. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with ischemic diseases such as coronary heart disease, ischemic stroke. But there is a paucity of data regarding the association between NAFLD and IC. NAFLD may be associated with the treatment and prognosis of IC. We investigated risk factors and characteristics associated with NAFLD in patients with IC. METHODS: Patients with IC (NAFLD: 34 and controls: 81) from Zhongnan Hospital were investigated retrospectively from January 2012 to December 2018. Clinical data were compared by chi-square tests or independent samples T-tests. Binary logistic regressions and Kaplan-Meier analysis were performed to evaluate risk factors and prognosis, respectively. RESULTS: NAFLD was diagnosed in 28.19% patients with IC. In the logistic regression analysis, hypertension [odds ratio (OR) 3.523; P = 0.019], elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (OR 6.278; P = 0.048), elevated triglyceride (OR 4.667; P = 0.003) and increased weight (OR 1.055; P = 0.039) were risk factors of NAFLD in patients with IC. Patients with NAFLD were more likely to require the vasodilators (P = 0.011) and get a relapse of IC (P = 0.011). CONCLUSION: NAFLD was found in 28.19% of patients with IC. Hypertension, increased weight, elevated ALT and triglyceride are independent predictors of NAFLD in patients with IC. NAFLD in patients with IC is associated with a greater probability of requiring for the vasodilators. NAFLD in IC and period of bowel rest are risk factors for the recurrence of IC.

12.
Pharmacol Res ; 161: 105228, 2020 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027714

RESUMO

Fatty acid transport protein 2 (FATP2) is a multifunctional protein whose specific function is determined by the type of located cell, its intracellular location, or organelle-specific interactions. In the different diseases setting, a newfound appreciation for the biological function of FATP2 has come into view. Two main functions of FATP2 are to activate long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) as a very long-chain acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) synthetase (ACSVL) and to transport LCFAs as a fatty acid transporter. FATP2 is not only involved in the occurrence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but also plays an important role in lithogenic diet-induced cholelithiasis, the formation of cancer tumor immunity, the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and the regulation of zoledronate-induced nephrotoxicity. Herein, we review the updated information on the role of FATP2 in related diseases. In particular, we discuss the new functions of FATP2 and propose that FATP2 is a potential clinical biomarker and therapeutic target. In conclusion, regulatory strategies for FATP2 may bring new treatment options for cancer and lipid metabolism-related disorders.

13.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16705, 2020 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028907

RESUMO

The Yunnan province has one of the most serious outbreaks of the plague epidemic in China. Small mammals and fleas are risk factors for the occurrence of plague in commensal plague foci. Understanding the relationship between fleas and small mammals will help control fleas and prevent the onset of the plague. Four hundred and twenty-one small mammals, belonging to 9 species, were captured. Of these, 170 small mammals (40.4%) were found infested with fleas. A total of 992 parasitic fleas (including 5 species) were collected. The number of Leptopsylla segnis and Xenopsylla cheopis accounted for 91.03% (903/992). The final multiple hurdle negative binomial regression model showed that when compared with Rattus tanezumi, the probability of flea infestation with Mus musculus as well as other host species decreased by 58% and 99%, respectively, while the number of flea infestations of the other host species increased by 4.71 folds. The probability of flea prevalence in adult hosts increased by 74%, while the number of fleas decreased by 76%. The number of flea infestations in small male mammals increased by 62%. The number of fleas in small mammals weighing more than 59 g has been multiplied by about 4. R. tanezumi is the predominant species in households in the west Yunnan province, while L.segnis and X. cheopis were dominant parasitic fleas. There is a strong relationship between the abundance of fleas and the characteristics of small mammals (e.g. Species, age, sex, and body weight).

14.
Curr Med Sci ; 40(5): 900-909, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33123904

RESUMO

Although the exact etiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains unclear, exaggerated immune response in genetically predisposed individuals has been reported. Th1 and Th17 cells mediate IBD development. Macrophages produce IL-12 and IL-23 that share p40 subunit encoded by IL12B gene as heteromer partner to drive Th1 and Th17 differentiation. The available animal and human data strongly support the pathogenic role of IL-12/IL-23 in IBD development and suggest that blocking p40 might be the potential strategy for IBD treatment. Furthermore, aberrant alteration of some cytokines expression via epigenetic mechanisms is involved in pathogenesis of IBD. In this study, we analyzed core promoter region of IL12B gene and investigated whether IL12B expression could be regulated through targeted epigenetic modification with gene editing technology. Transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs) are widely used in the field of genome editing and can specifically target DNA sequence in the host genome. We synthesized the TALE DNA-binding domains that target the promoter of human IL12B gene and fused it with the functional catalytic domains of epigenetic enzymes. Transient expression of these engineered enzymes demonstrated that the TALE-DNMT3A targeted the selected IL12B promoter region, induced loci-specific DNA methylation, and down-regulated IL-12B expression in various human cell lines. Collectively, our data suggested that epigenetic editing of IL12B through methylating DNA on its promoter might be developed as a potential therapeutic strategy for IBD treatment.

15.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5500, 2020 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33127898

RESUMO

Alkene hydrodifluoroalkylation is a fruitful strategy for synthesizing difluoromethylated compounds that are interesting for developing new medicinal agents, agrochemicals, and advanced materials. Whereas the anti-Markovnikov hydrodifluoroalkylation to linear-type products is developed, employing radical-based processes, the Markovnikov synthesis of branched adducts remains unexplored. Herein, we describe acid-catalyzed processes involving carbocation intermediates as a promising strategy to secure the Markovnikov regioselectivity. Accordingly, the Markovnikov hydrodifluoroalkylation of mono-, di-, tri-, and tetrasubstituted alkenes using difluoroenoxysilanes, catalyzed by Mg(ClO4)2·6H2O, is achieved. This allows the diversity-oriented synthesis of α,α-difluoroketones with a quaternary or tertiary carbon at the ß-position that are otherwise difficult to access. The method is applied to the modification of natural products and drug derivatives. The resulting α,α-difluorinated ketones could be converted to the corresponding α,α-difluorinated esters or alcohols, or organofluorine compounds featuring a CF2H or CF2CF2Ph moiety. Mechanistic studies support that Mg(ClO4)2·6H2O functions as a hidden Brønsted acid catalyst.

16.
Cancer Cell Int ; 20: 510, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33088218

RESUMO

Background: Due to the high morbidity and poor clinical outcomes, early predictive and prognostic biomarker identification is desiderated in colorectal cancer (CRC). As a homologue of the Deleted in Colorectal Cancer (DCC) gene, the role of Neogenin-1 (NEO1) in CRC remained unveiled. This study was designed to probe into the effects and potential function of NEO1 in CRC. Methods: Online databases, Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA), quantitative real-time PCR and western blotting were used to evaluate NEO1 expression in colorectal cancer tissues. Survival analysis was performed to predict the prognosis of CRC patients based on NEO1 expression level. Then, cell proliferation was detected by colony formation and Cell Counting Kit 8 (CCK-8) assays. CRC cell migration and invasion were examined by transwell assays. Finally, we utilized the Gene Set Variation Analysis (GSVA) and GSEA to dig the potential mechanisms of NEO1 in CRC. Results: Oncomine database and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database showed that NEO1 was down-regulated in CRC. Further results validated that NEO1 mRNA and protein expression were both significantly lower in CRC tumor tissues than in the adjacent tissues in our clinical samples. NEO1 expression was decreased with the progression of CRC. Survival and other clinical characteristic analyses exhibited that low NEO1 expression was related with poor prognosis. A gain-of-function study showed that overexpression of NEO1 restrained proliferation, migration and invasion of CRC cells while a loss-of-function showed the opposite effects. Finally, functional pathway enrichment analysis revealed that NEO1 low expression samples were enriched in inflammation-related signaling pathways, EMT and angiogenesis. Conclusion: A tumor suppressor gene NEO1 was identified and verified to be correlated with the prognosis and progression of CRC, which could serve as a prognostic biomarker for CRC patients.

18.
Life Sci ; 261: 118368, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888940

RESUMO

AIMS: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers with poor prognosis worldwide. The advent of immunotherapy has greatly improved survival in refractory patients of CRC. In this study, we aimed to identify reliable immune classification and biomarkers that predict immunotherapeutic responses in CRC patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on transcriptome profiles of two publicly available CRC datasets, we performed single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA) to calculate the relative abundance of 29 immune-related items of each sample. Unsupervised clustering was used to classify CRC patients. Furthermore, an immune prognostic signature was constructed using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression analysis. KEY FINDINGS: The CRC patients were clustered into high, medium, low immune infiltration subtypes based on the immune landscape. There was significant heterogeneity among the three subtypes. The high immune infiltration group showed higher expression of programmed cell death-ligand 1 and better prognosis than the median and low immune infiltration groups. Furthermore, we constructed a 7-immune-related prognostic gene signature and found that the signature had high predictive value and was superior to other clinicopathological parameters. Finally, the correlation analysis of the signature with immune cell infiltration and immune checkpoint molecules suggested that the signature had the potential to assess the immunotherapeutic responses of CRC patients. SIGNIFICANCE: The immune landscape and prognostic signature of CRC contribute to a deeper understanding of the tumor microenvironment and guide accurate immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico
19.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 88: 106868, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignant neoplasms worldwide. Although the significant efficacy of immunotherapy has been shown, only limited CRC patients benefit from it. Therefore, we aimed to establish a prognostic signature based on immune-related genes (IRGs) to predict overall survival (OS) and the potential response to immunotherapy in CRC patients. METHODS: Gene expression profiles and clinical information of CRC patients were collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. The prognostic signature composed of IRGs was established using univariate Cox regression and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression analysis. CIBERSORT was used to estimate the immune cell infiltration. RESULTS: A total of 24 survival-related IRGs were identified from 247 differentially expressed IRGs. Then, 16 IRGs were selected to establish the prognostic signature that stratified the patients into the high-risk and low-risk groups with statistically different survival outcomes. The AUCs of the time-dependent ROC curves indicated that the signature had a strong predictive accuracy in internal and external validation sets. Multivariate cox regression analysis suggested that the signature could also act as an independent prognostic factor for OS. The low-risk group had a higher proportion of immune cell infiltration than the high-risk group, such as CD4 memory resting T cells, activated dendritic cells, and resting dendritic cells. In addition, patients in the high-risk group exhibited higher tumor mutation burden and BRAF mutation. CONCLUSION: We developed an immune-related prognostic signature to predict the OS and immune status in CRC patients. We believed that our signature is conducive to better stratification and more precise immunotherapy for CRC patients.

20.
Nutr J ; 19(1): 86, 2020 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32819372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Consumption of ultra-processed foods (UPFs) plays a potential role in the development of obesity and other diet-related noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), but no studies have systematically focused on this. This study aimed to summarize the evidence for the association between UPFs consumption and health outcomes. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science to identify all relevant studies. Epidemiological studies were included, and identified studies were evaluated for risk of bias.A narrative review of the synthesized findings was provided to assess the association between UPFs consumption and health outcomes. RESULTS: 20 studies (12 cohort and 8 cross-sectional studies) were included in the analysis, with a total of 334,114 participants and 10 health outcomes. In a narrative review, high UPFs consumption was obviously associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality, overall cardiovascular diseases, coronary heart diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, overweight and obesity, depression, irritable bowel syndrome, overall cancer, postmenopausal breast cancer, gestational obesity, adolescent asthma and wheezing, and frailty. It showed no significant association with cardiovascular disease mortality, prostate and colorectal cancers, gestational diabetes mellitus and gestational overweight. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated a positive association between UPFs consumption and risk of several health outcomes. Large-scale prospective designed studies are needed to confirm our findings.

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