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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017291

RESUMO

As an interesting and important problem in computer vision, learning-based video saliency detection aims to discover the visually interesting regions in a video sequence. Capturing the information within frame and between frame at different aspects (such as spatial contexts, motion information, temporal consistency across frames, and multiscale representation) is important for this task. A key issue is how to jointly model all these factors within a unified data-driven scheme in an end-to-end fashion. In this article, we propose an end-to-end spatiotemporal deep video saliency detection approach, which captures the information on spatial contexts and motion characteristics. Furthermore, it encodes the temporal consistency information across the consecutive frames by implementing a convolutional long short-term memory (Conv-LSTM) model. In addition, the multiscale saliency properties for each frame are adaptively integrated for final saliency prediction in a collaborative feature-pyramid way. Finally, the proposed deep learning approach unifies all the aforementioned parts into an end-to-end joint deep learning scheme. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach in comparison with the state-of-the-art approaches.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064941

RESUMO

With the rapid development of technology, information security has always been considered a major challenge. In this work, the excellent combination of persistent luminescence, photoluminescence, up-conversion luminescence, and thermo-luminescence in a particular material Zn4B6O13:Tb3+,Yb3+ synthesized via a solid-state reaction is reported, which can be used for the information encryption and anti-counterfeiting. Tb3+ ions were chosen as the emitting centers for multimodal emissions, and Yb3+ codoping can be used as electron traps and sensitizer to adjust trap distribution and efficient up-conversion luminescence in rare-earth-doped luminescent materials. Besides, the as-prepared luminescent materials exhibit high thermal stability and excellent water resistance. On the basis of these properties, the samples were used to print luminescent images through a screen printing process on the film and banknote. The luminescent image in a film is showing different patterns and on a banknote is showing green emissions under different stimulations. These multimodal emissions demonstrate that the as-prepared sample is suitable for advanced information encryption and anti-counterfeiting.

3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(19)2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028029

RESUMO

In response to hypoxia under submergence, plants switch from aerobic respiration to anaerobic fermentation, which leads to the accumulation of the end product, ethanol. We previously reported that Arabidopsis thaliana autophagy-deficient mutants show increased sensitivity to ethanol treatment, indicating that ethanol is likely involved in regulating the autophagy-mediated hypoxia response. Here, using a transcriptomic analysis, we identified 3909 genes in Arabidopsis seedlings that were differentially expressed in response to ethanol treatment, including 2487 upregulated and 1422 downregulated genes. Ethanol treatment significantly upregulated genes involved in autophagy and the detoxification of reactive oxygen species. Using transgenic lines expressing AUTOPHAGY-RELATED PROTEIN 8e fused to green fluorescent protein (GFP-ATG8e), we confirmed that exogenous ethanol treatment promotes autophagosome formation in vivo. Phenotypic analysis showed that deletions in the alcohol dehydrogenase gene in adh1 mutants result in attenuated submergence tolerance, decreased accumulation of ATG proteins, and diminished submergence-induced autophagosome formation. Compared to the submergence-tolerant Arabidopsis accession Columbia (Col-0), the submergence-intolerant accession Landsberg erecta (Ler) displayed hypersensitivity to ethanol treatment; we linked these phenotypes to differences in the functions of ADH1 and the autophagy machinery between these accessions. Thus, ethanol promotes autophagy-mediated submergence tolerance in Arabidopsis.

4.
Parasitol Res ; 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006040

RESUMO

The protozoan parasite Giardia duodenalis is known to infect humans and a wide range of animals globally. However, no studies on G. duodenalis infection in Bactrian camels have been reported. In the present study, in order to examine the prevalence and genetic diversity of G. duodenalis in Bactrian camels, 852 fecal samples were collected from 24 sampling sites in three geographical areas (Gansu province, Inner Mongolia, and Xinjiang Uygur autonomous regions) of northwestern China, and subjected to multilocus sequence typing (MLST) analysis targeting the 18S rRNA, ß-giardin (bg), glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh), and triosephosphate isomerase (tpi) genes. About 84 fecal samples tested positive for Giardia infection, with an overall prevalence of 9.8%, including three samples from camel calves with diarrhea. Significant differences (χ2 = 80.7, df = 2, P < 0.01) in the prevalence were found in Bactrian camels belonging to three geographical areas, with the highest (33.3%) in Gansu province and the lowest (4.2%) in Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region. Furthermore, significantly different prevalences (χ2 = 34.2, df = 2, P < 0.01) were revealed among age groups, with the highest (35.7%) in camels aged 3 to 6 years old, and the lowest (7.5%) in camels aged > 6 years old. Sequence analysis identified two assemblages, including zoonotic assemblage A and ungulate-adapted assemblage E, with the latter as the dominant G. duodenalis assemblage in each age group and at all sampling sites having positive samples except Hotan. Genetic variations were detected among G. duodenalis isolates in these camels, and eight, three, and seven haplotypes were identified at loci bg, gdh, and tpi, respectively, forming two multilocus genotypes (MLGs) of zoonotic assemblage A and one MLG of assemblage E. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on G. duodenalis infection in Bactrian camels, and the data indicate that G. duodenalis have a broad host range.

6.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 187, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928281

RESUMO

Natural antisense transcripts (NATs), which are transcribed from opposite strands of DNA with partial or complete overlap, affect multiple stages of gene expression, from epigenetic to post-translational modifications. NATs are dysregulated in various types of cancer, and an increasing number of studies focusing on NATs as pivotal regulators of the hallmarks of cancer and as promising candidates for cancer therapy are just beginning to unravel the mystery. Here, we summarize the existing knowledge on NATs to highlight their underlying mechanisms of functions in cancer biology, discuss their potential roles in therapeutic application, and explore future research directions.

7.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32761753

RESUMO

Recently, emerging evidence strongly suggested that the activation of interleukin-27 Receptor α (IL-27Rα) could modulate different inflammatory diseases. However, whether IL-27Rα affects allotransplantation rejection is not fully understood. Here, we investigated the role of IL-27Rα on allorejection both in vivo and in vitro. The skin allotransplantation mice models were established, and the dynamic IL-27Rα/IL-27 expression was detected, and IL-27Rα+ spleen cells adoptive transfer was performed. STAT1/3/5 phosphorylation, proliferation and apoptosis were investigated in mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) with recombinant IL-27 (rIL-27) stimulation. Finally, IFN-γ/ IL-10 in graft/serum from model mice was detected. Results showed higher IL-27Rα/IL-27 expression in allografted group compared that syngrafted group on day 10 (top point of allorejection). IL-27Rα+ spleen cells accelerated allograft rejection in vivo. rIL-27 significantly promoted proliferation, inhibited apoptosis and increased STAT1/3/5 phosphorylation of alloreactive splenocytes, and these effects of rIL-27 could be almost totally blocked by JAK/ STAT inhibitor and anti-IL-27 p28 Ab. Finally, higher IL-27Rα+ IFN-γ+ cells and lower IL-27Rα+ IL-10+ cells within allografts, and high IFN-γ/low IL-10 in serum of allorejecting mice were detected. In conclusion, these data suggested that IL-27Rα+ cells apparently promoted allograft rejection through enhancing alloreactive proliferation, inhibiting apoptosis and up-regulating IFN-γ via enhancing STAT pathway. Blocking IL-27 pathway may favour to prevent allorejection, and IL-27Rα may be as a high selective molecule for targeting diagnosis and therapy for allotransplantation rejection.

8.
J Chromatogr A ; 1625: 461332, 2020 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709358

RESUMO

Two structural isomeric pentacyclic triterpenes, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid, were considered as the models for the quality control of many traditional Chinese herbal medicines and they have been proved to own important pharmacological activities. In the present work, liquid chromatographic and liquid-liquid chromatographic separation with high peak resolution of structural isomeric oleanolic acid and ursolic acid using hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin as mobile phase additive was successfully achieved, respectively. A high peak resolution, RS=8.143, was achieved for the two structural isomeric compounds by conventional reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography, which was greatly improved compared with the published values. Meanwhile, a biphasic solvent system composed of n-hexane-ethyl acetate-0.1 mol/L hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin (9:1:10, v/v) was selected for liquid-liquid chromatography, which provided a high peak resolution, RS = 6.573, for analytical apparatus and Rs = 8.500 for semi-preparative apparatus after optimization by liquid-liquid extractions. Two elution modes including reverse phase mode and normal phase mode were investigated for preparative separation of two acids from crude exact of Eriobotrya japonica Thunb. Furthermore, the inclusion complex between each of the two structural isomers and hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin were also investigated for high performance liquid chromatography and liquid-liquid chromatography, respectively, in which formation constants were determined for oleanolic acid and ursolic acid.


Assuntos
2-Hidroxipropil-beta-Ciclodextrina/química , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Ácido Oleanólico/química , Ácido Oleanólico/isolamento & purificação , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia de Fase Reversa , Eriobotrya/química , Isomerismo , Solventes , Temperatura , Termodinâmica , beta-Ciclodextrinas/química
9.
Brain Res ; 1746: 147016, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32679116

RESUMO

Forced limb use, which forces the use of the impaired arm following stroke, improves functional recovery. The study was designed to investigate the mechanisms of recovery underlying forced impaired limbuse. Furthermore, forced unimpaired arm use was also performed in order to explore its effect on functional behavior. We hypothesized that forced forelimb use could improve functional recovery in rats that have had an experimentally induced ischemic stroke, through promoting the recruitment and differentiation of the oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs). Indeed the proliferation of Olig2 and NG2 positive cells, as well as the expression of myelin basic protein (MBP)were increased in the perilesional striatum, whereas quantitative changes of Olig2+ and NG2+ oligodendrocyte progenitor cells was not observed in the subventricular zone. Through comparing rats forced to rely on affected or unaffected forelimb, the results demonstrated that forced impaired limb use boosted functional recovery. At the same time forced unimpaired limb use deteriorated limb movement of injured side. In addition, the expression of NogoA is reduced, when the injured limb was used more, suggesting that it played a role in the repair of white matter.

10.
J Sep Sci ; 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32729149

RESUMO

An efficient and target-oriented pH-peak-focusing countercurrent chromatographic method was established for large-scale separation of baicalin and wogonoside from the crude exact of traditional Chinese medicinal herb Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. An optimized two-phase solvent system composed of n-butanol-ethyl acetate-methanol-water (1:4:0.5:5, v/v) was selected. Trifluoroacetic acid (10 mmol/L) was added to the upper organic phase, used as the stationary phase. One liter of the aqueous lower phase was used as the mobile phase for 0-350 min, and then 10 mmol/L ammonia was added to remaining 1 L of the aqueous lower phase and used as the mobile phase for 350-600 min. In total, 493.2 mg of baicalin with 98.6% purity and 88.6 mg of wogonoside with 98.9% purity were obtained from 1.0 g of crude exact of S. baicalensis by countercurrent chromatography in a single run. The acid dissociation constant (pKa) and oil-water partition coefficient values of two components were measured to better understand the mechanism of separation. Results showed that pH-peak-focusing countercurrent chromatography with a polar solvent system added with trifluoroacetic acid could be an efficient method for large-scale isolation of organic acids, which are difficult to separate with conventional countercurrent chromatography due to their poor solubility in non-polar solvents.

13.
Crit Rev Anal Chem ; : 1-12, 2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32438831

RESUMO

In the field of food traceability analysis, stable isotope ratio analysis is a relatively new technology. The measurement and calibration of isotope data depends on stable isotope reference materials. The isotope reference materials commonly used are chemical matrix. These reference materials are inappropriate-especially for food matrix origin analysis. This review focuses on the research progress on stable isotope reference materials by (1) classification of stable isotope reference materials, (2) application of stable isotope reference materials, and (3) research progress of preparation of stable isotope reference materials. Selecting appropriate isotope reference materials will help improve the effectiveness of stable isotope ratio analysis in food traceability. By cooperation with different laboratories, high-quality isotope reference materials can be prepared to add new food matrix types to provide more choices for users.

14.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 394, 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spatial heterogeneity of prostate cancer-specific mortality in Pennsylvania remains unclear. We utilized advanced geospatial survival regressions to examine spatial variation of prostate cancer-specific mortality in PA and evaluate potential effects of individual- and county-level risk factors. METHODS: Prostate cancer cases, aged ≥40 years, were identified in the 2004-2014 Pennsylvania Cancer Registry. The 2018 County Health Rankings data and the 2014 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Environmental Quality Index were used to extract county-level data. The accelerated failure time models with spatial frailties for geographical correlations were used to assess prostate cancer-specific mortality rates for Pennsylvania and by the Penn State Cancer Institute (PSCI) 28-county catchment area. Secondary assessment based on estimated spatial frailties was conducted to identify potential health and environmental risk factors for mortality. RESULTS: There were 94,274 cases included. The 5-year survival rate in PA was 82% (95% confidence interval, CI: 81.1-82.8%), with the catchment area having a lower survival rate 81% (95% CI: 79.5-82.6%) compared to the non-catchment area rate of 82.3% (95% CI: 81.4-83.2%). Black men, uninsured, more aggressive prostate cancer, rural and urban Appalachia, positive lymph nodes, and no definitive treatment were associated with lower survival. Several county-level health (i.e., poor physical activity) and environmental factors in air and land (i.e., defoliate chemical applied) were associated with higher mortality rates. CONCLUSIONS: Spatial variations in prostate cancer-specific mortality rates exist in Pennsylvania with a higher risk in the PSCI's catchment area, in particular, rural-Appalachia. County-level health and environmental factors may contribute to spatial heterogeneity in prostate cancer-specific mortality.

15.
Mol Carcinog ; 59(8): 967-979, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32424979

RESUMO

Drug resistance is the leading cause for rapid progression and relapse in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients. Thus overcoming drug resistance still remains to be urgently resolved during SCLC treatment. Here, we found p62/SQSTM1 was enriched in SCLC spheroids, a subpopulation possessing cancer stem-like properties, which is responsible for cancer relapse and metastasis. Subsequent functional assays in vitro showed that short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated p62 knockdown increased sensitivity of SCLC cell lines to cisplatin (DDP), whereas lentivirus-mediated p62 ectopic overexpression diminished DDP-induced cytotoxicity in both NCI-H446 and NCI-H1688 cell lines. Moreover, ectopic p62 overexpression promoted DDP resistance of NCI-H446 cells-derived tumor xenografts in immunodeficient mice in vivo, as indicated by accelerated tumor growth rate and reduced fluorescent activity of cleaved caspase-3. Gene expression profiling analysis revealed that p62 was positively correlated with neuronal precursor cell-expressed, developmentally downregulated gene 9 (NEDD9) expression level. Consistently, NEDD9 messenger RNA (mRNA) level was decreased upon p62 suppression by small interfering RNA (siRNA) and increased with p62 transient overexpression in SCLC cell lines, suggesting that p62 positively regulated NEDD9 mRNA. Depletion of NEDD9 by siRNA, to a large extent, reversed p62-overexpressed SCLC cells to DDP-induced cytotoxicity, implying NEDD9 might act as a downstream target which was in charge of p62-mediated DDP resistance. Taken together, our findings uncovered a previously unknown role of p62 in the regulation of SCLC drug resistance, assigning p62 as an attractive target for SCLC treatment.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Sequestossoma-1/antagonistas & inibidores , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/patologia , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Proteína Sequestossoma-1/genética , Proteína Sequestossoma-1/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/genética , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
16.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32303960

RESUMO

RNA silencing is a potent antiviral mechanism in plants and animals. As a counter-defense, many viruses studied to date encode one or more viral suppressors of RNA silencing (VSR). In the latter case, how different VSRs encoded by a virus function in silencing remains to be fully understood. We previously showed that the nonstructural protein Pns10 of a Phytoreovirus, Rice dwarf virus (RDV), functions as a VSR. Here we present evidence that another nonstructural protein, Pns11, also functions as a VSR. While Pns10 was localized in the cytoplasm, Pns11 was localized both in the nucleus and chloroplasts. Pns11 has two bipartite nuclear localization signals (NLSs), which were required for nuclear as well as chloroplastic localization. The NLSs were also required for the silencing activities of Pns11. This is the first report that multiple VSRs encoded by a virus are localized in different subcellular compartments, and that a viral protein can be targeted to both the nucleus and chloroplast. These findings may have broad significance in studying the subcellular targeting of VSRs and other viral proteins in viral-host interactions.

17.
Environ Health Perspect ; 128(4): 47004, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32255670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure mixtures frequently occur in data across many domains, particularly in the fields of environmental and nutritional epidemiology. Various strategies have arisen to answer questions about exposure mixtures, including methods such as weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression that estimate a joint effect of the mixture components. OBJECTIVES: We demonstrate a new approach to estimating the joint effects of a mixture: quantile g-computation. This approach combines the inferential simplicity of WQS regression with the flexibility of g-computation, a method of causal effect estimation. We use simulations to examine whether quantile g-computation and WQS regression can accurately and precisely estimate the effects of mixtures in a variety of common scenarios. METHODS: We examine the bias, confidence interval (CI) coverage, and bias-variance tradeoff of quantile g-computation and WQS regression and how these quantities are impacted by the presence of noncausal exposures, exposure correlation, unmeasured confounding, and nonlinearity of exposure effects. RESULTS: Quantile g-computation, unlike WQS regression, allows inference on mixture effects that is unbiased with appropriate CI coverage at sample sizes typically encountered in epidemiologic studies and when the assumptions of WQS regression are not met. Further, WQS regression can magnify bias from unmeasured confounding that might occur if important components of the mixture are omitted from the analysis. DISCUSSION: Unlike inferential approaches that examine the effects of individual exposures while holding other exposures constant, methods like quantile g-computation that can estimate the effect of a mixture are essential for understanding the effects of potential public health actions that act on exposure sources. Our approach may serve to help bridge gaps between epidemiologic analysis and interventions such as regulations on industrial emissions or mining processes, dietary changes, or consumer behavioral changes that act on multiple exposures simultaneously. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP5838.

18.
Meat Sci ; 165: 108129, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234581

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to verify that the organic status of pork purchased in the markets from four different regions of China can be authenticated by the combined analysis of stable isotopes and multiple elements. Four stable isotope ratios (δ13C, δ15N, δ2H and δ18O) and the concentrations of seven elements (K, Na, Mg, Ca, Fe, Cu and Se) were determined in organic and conventional pork samples from four locations of China. Principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to analyze stable isotope ratios and multi-element concentrations in pork. Based on the limited database of analytical values, the methodology would be potentially able to confirm whether a sample of pork came from the region and organic status it claimed. These results provide a possibility for authenticity of organic agricultural products from a large scope such as a province even a country.

19.
Am J Epidemiol ; 189(9): 972-981, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314781

RESUMO

Dual-outcome intention-to-treat hazard rate analyses have potential to complement single-outcome analyses for the evaluation of treatments or exposures in relation to multivariate time-to-response outcomes. Here we consider pairs formed from important clinical outcomes to obtain further insight into influences of menopausal hormone therapy on chronic disease. As part of the Women's Health Initiative, randomized, placebo-controlled hormone therapy trials of conjugated equine estrogens (CEE) among posthysterectomy participants and of these same estrogens plus medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) among participants with an intact uterus were carried out at 40 US clinical centers (1993-2016). These data provide the context for analyses covering the trial intervention periods and a nearly 20-year (median) cumulative duration of follow-up. The rates of multiple outcome pairs were significantly influenced by hormone therapy, especially over cumulative follow-up, providing potential clinical and mechanistic insights. For example, among women randomized to either regimen, hazard ratios for pairs defined by fracture during intervention followed by death from any cause were reduced and hazard ratios for pairs defined by gallbladder disease followed by death were increased, though these findings may primarily reflect single-outcome associations. In comparison, hazard ratios for diabetes followed by death were reduced with CEE but not with CEE + MPA, and those for hypertension followed by death were increased with CEE + MPA but not with CEE.


Assuntos
Terapia de Reposição de Estrogênios , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Estrogênios Conjugados (USP)/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Doenças da Vesícula Biliar/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Acetato de Medroxiprogesterona/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pós-Menopausa , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
20.
Mol Med ; 26(1): 27, 2020 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32248791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tissue factor pathway inhibitor 2 (TFPI2) participates in carcinogenesis of various tumors, and is associated with poor survival of breast cancer patients. However, the effect and underlying mechanism of TFPI2 on breast cancer progression remains to be investigated. METHODS: The expression level of TFPI2 in breast cancer tissues and cell lines was examined via qRT-PCR (quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction) and immunohistochemistry. CCK8 (Cell Counting Kit-8), colony formation, wound healing or transwell assays were used to detect cell viability, proliferation, migration or invasion, respectively. In vivo subcutaneous xenotransplanted tumor model was established to detect tumorigenic function of TFPI2, and the underlying mechanism was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and western blot. RESULTS: TFPI2 was down-regulated in breast cancer tissues and cell lines, and was associated with poor prognosis of patients diagnosed with breast cancer. Over-expression of TFPI2 inhibited cell viability, proliferation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells. Mechanistically, Twist-related protein 1 (TWIST1) was negatively associated with TFPI2 in breast cancer patients, whose expression was decreased by TFPI2 over-expression or increased by TFPI2 knockdown. Moreover, TWIST1 could up-regulate integrin α5 expression. Functional assays indicated that the inhibition abilities of TFPI2 over-expression on breast cancer progression were reversed by TWIST1 over-expression. In vivo subcutaneous xenotransplanted tumor model also revealed that over-expression of TFPI2 could suppress breast tumor growth via down-regulation of TWIST1-mediated integrin α5 expression. CONCLUSIONS: TFPI2 suppressed breast cancer progression through inhibiting TWIST-integrin α5 pathway, providing a new potential therapeutic target for breast cancer treatment.

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