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1.
J Wildl Dis ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656283

RESUMO

Tacheng tick virus 1 (TcTV-1) and Songling virus (SGLV) were originally found in human patients in China who had had tick bites. Tamdy virus (TAMV) was detected for the first time in a tick-infested person from Kyrgyzstan in 1973. In this study, 276 great gerbils (Rhombomys opimus) were collected in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in northwestern China. The total RNA of individual spleen samples was extracted, and the viral L segments of TcTV-1, SGLV, and TAMV were detected by nested reverse transcription PCR. Overall, 2.9% (8/276) and 2.2% (6/276) of spleen samples tested positive to the viral L segments for TcTV-1 and SGLV, respectively; TAMV was not detected in any samples. The SGLV from the great gerbils shared 93.7% (236/252 nucleotide [nt]) and 94.0% (78/83 amino acid [aa]) identities to SGLV detected in patients infected with SGLV in northeastern China. The TcTV-1 in great gerbils was closest to TcTV-1 from a patient in China, with 98.5% (797/809 nt) and 98.9% (265/268 aa) sequence identities. This is the first molecular evidence for the presence of TcTV-1 and SGLV in great gerbils. High genetic diversity in SGLV was observed among geographical locations. Multiregion surveillance of Tamdy orthonairoviruses in more wildlife species is necessary.

2.
BMC Psychiatry ; 23(1): 6, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36597094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different countries have differences in social and cultural context and health system, which may affect the clinical characteristics of psychiatric inpatients. This study was the first to compare cross-cultural differences in the clinical characteristics of psychiatric inpatients in three hospitals from Western China and America. METHODS: Overall, 905 and 1318 patients from three hospitals, one in America and two in Western China, respectively, were included. We used a standardised protocol and data collection procedure to record inpatients' sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. RESULTS: Significant differences were found between hospitals from the two countries. Positive symptoms were the main reason for admission in the Chinese hospitals, while reported suicide and self-injury symptoms more frequently led to hospital admission in America. Moreover, there were more inpatients with combined substance abuse in the American hospital (97.6% vs. 1.9%, P < 0.001). The length of stay (LOS) in America was generally shorter than in China (10.5 ± 11.9 vs. 20.7 ± 13.4, P < 0.001). The dosage of antipsychotic drugs used in the American hospital was higher than in China (275.1 ± 306.9 mg vs. 238.3 ± 212.5 mg, P = 0.002). Regression analysis showed that male sex, older age, retirees, being admitted because of physical symptoms, and using higher doses of antipsychotic drugs were significantly associated with longer hospitalisation in the American hospital (P < 0.05). Comparatively, patients who were divorced, experiencing suicidal ideation, admitted involuntarily, admitted because of physical, depression, or anxiety symptoms, and using higher doses of antipsychotic drugs had longer hospitalisation in Chinese hospitals (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Significant variations in clinical characteristics of inpatients were found between hospitals from Western China and America. The LOS in Chinese hospitals was significantly longer, but patients used higher doses of antipsychotic drugs in the American hospital. Admission due to physical symptoms and the use of higher dosage drugs were related to longer LOS in both countries.


Assuntos
Antipsicóticos , Pacientes Internados , Humanos , Masculino , Pacientes Internados/psicologia , Hospitalização , Hospitais Psiquiátricos , China
3.
Biometrics ; 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36606409

RESUMO

In survival data analysis, a competing risk is an event whose occurrence precludes or alters the chance of the occurrence of the primary event of interest. In large cohort studies with long-term follow-up, there are often competing risks. Further, if the event of interest is rare in such large studies, the case-cohort study design is widely used to reduce the cost and achieve the same efficiency as a cohort study. The conventional additive hazards modeling for competing risks data in case-cohort studies involves the cause-specific hazard function, under which direct assessment of covariate effects on the cumulative incidence function, or the subdistribution, is not possible. In this paper, we consider an additive hazard model for the subdistribution of a competing risk in case-cohort studies. We propose estimating equations based on inverse probability weighting methods for the estimation of the model parameters. Consistency and asymptotic normality of the proposed estimators are established. The performance of the proposed methods in finite samples is examined through simulation studies and the proposed approach is applied to a case-cohort dataset from the Sister Study. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Parasit Vectors ; 16(1): 28, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neospora caninum infection is a major cause of abortion in cattle, which results in serious economic losses to the cattle industry. However, there are no effective drugs or vaccines for the control of N. caninum infections. There is increasing evidence that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in many physiological and pathological processes, and dysregulated expression of host miRNAs and the biological implications of this have been reported for infections by various protozoan parasites. However, to our knowledge, there is presently no published information on host miRNA expression during N. caninum infection. METHODS: The expression profiles of miRNAs were investigated by RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) in caprine endometrial epithelial cells (EECs) infected with N. caninum at 24 h post infection (pi) and 48 hpi, and the functions of differentially expressed (DE) miRNAs were predicted by Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses. The transcriptome data were validated by using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. One of the upregulated DEmiRNAs, namely chi-miR-146a, was selected to study the effect of DEmiRNAs on the propagation of N. caninum tachyzoites in caprine EECs. RESULTS: RNA-seq showed 18 (17 up- and one downregulated) and 79 (54 up- and 25 downregulated) DEmiRNAs at 24 hpi and 48 hpi, respectively. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis of 13 randomly selected DEmiRNAs (10 up- and three downregulated miRNAs) confirmed the validity of the RNA-seq data. A total of 7835 messenger RNAs were predicted to be potential targets for 66 DEmiRNAs, and GO and KEGG enrichment analysis of these predicted targets revealed that DEmiRNAs altered by N. caninum infection may be involved in host immune responses (e.g. Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, tumor necrosis factor signaling pathway, transforming growth factor-ß signaling pathway, mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway) and metabolic pathways (e.g. lysine degradation, insulin signaling pathway, AMP-activated protein kinase signaling pathway, Rap1 signaling pathway, calcium signaling pathway). Upregulated chi-miR-146a was found to promote N. caninum propagation in caprine EECs. CONCLUSIONS: This is, to our knowledge, the first report on the expression profiles of host miRNAs during infection with N. caninum, and shows that chi-miR-146a may promote N. caninum propagation in host cells. The novel findings of the present study should help to elucidate the interactions between host cells and N. caninum.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neospora , Animais , Bovinos , MicroRNAs/genética , Transcriptoma , Cabras , Imunidade
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(23)2022 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36499180

RESUMO

Chaetoglobosin A (CheA), a well-known macrocyclic alkaloid with prominently highly antimycotic, antiparasitic, and antitumor properties, is mainly produced by Chaetomium globosum. However, a limited understanding of the transcriptional regulation of CheA biosynthesis has hampered its application and commercialization in agriculture and biomedicine. Here, a comprehensive study of the CgXpp1 gene, which encodes a basic helix-loop-helix family regulator with a putative role in the regulation of fungal growth and CheA biosynthesis, was performed by employing CgXpp1-disruption and CgXpp1-complementation strategies in the biocontrol species C. globosum. The results suggest that the CgXpp1 gene could be an indirect negative regulator in CheA production. Interestingly, knockout of CgXpp1 considerably increased the transcription levels of key genes and related regulatory factors associated with the CheA biosynthetic. Disruption of CgXpp1 led to a significant reduction in spore production and attenuation of cell development, which was consistent with metabolome analysis results. Taken together, an in-depth analysis of pleiotropic regulation influenced by transcription factors could provide insights into the unexplored metabolic mechanisms associated with primary and secondary metabolite production.


Assuntos
Chaetomium , Metabolismo Secundário/genética , Chaetomium/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
6.
RSC Adv ; 12(51): 33276-33283, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36425210

RESUMO

In this study, a series of mesoporous acidic polymeric ionic liquids were successfully synthesized and characterized to explore their structures and properties. Examination of catalytic performance using cyclohexanone oxime's maximum conversion were investigated, and the Box-Behnken design was used to achieve the highest hydrolysis conversion. Excellent catalytic activity, structural stability, and an easy recovery feature were all displayed by the Poly(VBS-DVB)HSO4 catalyst. Additionally, a possible reaction pathway involving hydrogen protons was proposed for the present hydrolysis. Moreover, a series of ketoximes were also examined including acetone oxime, butanone oxime, cyclopentanone oxime and acetophenone oxime over Poly(VBS-DVB)HSO4 catalyst. The conversion of ketoxime was not less than 80.44%, and the results also demonstrated excellent catalytic performance. Synthesis of mesoporous acidic polymeric ionic catalysts with good properties would be very important for their applications.

7.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1034839, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439854

RESUMO

Background: Obesity has become a global health and socioeconomic problem because of an inadequate balance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are the two most commonly used strategies for weight loss, which have been proven to benefit from gut microbiota restoration. Methods: Rats received SG, RYGB, and sham operations for 10 weeks. At the end of the experiment, the fecal microbiota was analyzed using 16s rRNA gene sequencing. In addition, the shift in the plasma metabolism of rats that underwent RYGB surgery was analyzed using untargeted metabolomics. The crosstalk between microbiome and metabolites was revealed using metabolic pathway enrichment and integrated analysis. Result: The SG surgery induced a modest shift in the gut microbiota relative to the RYGB. RYGB significantly decreased the alpha diversity and Firmicutes/Bacteroides (F/B) ratio and increased the proportion of Escherichia, Bacteroides, and Akkermansia genera compared to sham and SG operations. The predicted function of gut microbiota revealed that the RYGB surgery uniquely enhanced the capability of linoleic acid and sphingolipid metabolism. Furthermore, the circulating serine, phosphatidylcholine (PC) 20:5/22:5, riboflavin, L-carnitine, and linoleic acid were evaluated after RYGB surgery. In addition, the metabolic pathway enrichment and integrated analysis suggest that the RYGB induced Escherichia, Bacteroides, and Akkermansia might inhibit the sphingonine and phytosphingosine metabolisms from serine and promote the PC (20:5/22:5) metabolism to produce linoleic acid. Conclusion: This comprehensive analysis not only revealed the difference in the gut microbiota shifts after SG and RYGB but also discovered the perturbative changes in microbial communities and metabolic pathways after RYGB surgery, which provided clues for improving the beneficial effect of RYGB in metabolic disease intervention via regulating bacterial-metabolite crosstalk.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(45): e31133, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The recent article Copper induces cell death by targeting lipoylated TCA cycle proteins has attracted much attention. Although copper-induced cell death has only recently been formally proposed, it has been studied much earlier. This study aims to undertake a bibliometric analysis of the literature on copper-induced cell death to understand the development of copper-induced cell death better and identify potential new research directions. METHODS: With the help of Cite Space software, visual analysis is carried out on the annual number of published papers, countries/regions and institutions, journals co-citation, literature co-citation and reference burst, keywords co-occurrence, clustering, and burst. RESULTS: A search of 770 articles published in English over the last ten years showed a fluctuating trend of increasing numbers of articles. China had the highest number of articles (190% or 24.68%), followed by the USA and India. Inflammation, biological evaluation, nanoparticle, and cu(ii) have been popular research themes in the last 4 years. The keyword clusters are summarized in 8 categories, including exposure, complexe, er stress, cleavage, paraptosis, cancer, glutamate, reactive oxygen species (ROS), expression. The hot topics are mainly focused on the exploration of mechanisms and related diseases, including induced apoptosis, aggregation, autophagy, endoplasmic reticulum stress, induced oxidative stress, and inflammation. Parkinson's disease and cancer are 2 diseases that are closely related to copper-induced cell death. CONCLUSION: This study provides a visual analysis of copper-induced cell death trends and provides some hidden potentially useful information for future research directions.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Cobre , Humanos , Publicações , Morte Celular , Inflamação
9.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370154

RESUMO

Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is the only intervention approved for the treatment of neonatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE), but its treatment window is narrow (within 6 h after birth), and its efficacy is not ideal. Thus, alternative treatments are urgently needed. Our previous studies showed that genistein-3'-sodium sulfonate (GSS), a derivative of genistein (Gen), has a strong neuroprotective effect in rats with ischaemic stroke, but its role in HIE is unclear. A hypoxia-ischaemia (HI) brain injury model was established in neonatal male Sprague‒Dawley (SD) rats. Twenty-four hours after reperfusion, rats treated with GSS were assessed for cerebral infarction, neurological function, and neuronal damage. RNA-Seq and bioinformatics analysis were used to explore differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and regulated signalling pathways, which were subsequently validated by Western blotting and immunofluorescence. In this study, we found that GSS not only significantly reduced the size of brain infarcts and alleviated nerve damage in rats with HIE but also inhibited neuronal loss and degeneration in neonatal rats with HIE. A total of 2170 DEGs, of which 1102 were upregulated and 1068 were downregulated, were identified in the GSS group compared with the HI group. In an analysis based on Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) categories, the downregulated DEGs were significantly enriched in the pathways "Phagosome", "NF-κB signalling", and "Complement and coagulation cascades", amongst others. Meanwhile, the upregulated DEGs were significantly enriched in the pathways "Neurodegeneration", "Glutamatergic synapse", and "Calcium signalling pathway", amongst others. These results indicate that GSS intervenes in the process of HIE-induced brain injury by participating in multiple pathways, which suggests potential candidate drugs for the treatment of HIE.

10.
Clin Nutr ; 41(12): 2706-2719, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The interplay among dietary intake, gut microbiota, gut metabolites and circulating metabolites in adolescents is barely known, not to mention sex-dependent pattern. We aimed to explore unique profiles of gut bacterial, gut metabolites and circulating metabolites from both genders of adolescents due to BMI and eating pattern. METHODS: Clinical indices, fecal gut microbiota, fecal and plasma metabolites, and diet intake information were collected in case-control sample matched for normal and obesity in girls (normal = 12, obesity = 12) and boys (normal = 20, obesity = 20), respectively. 16S rRNA gene sequencing and untargeted metabolomics was performed to analysis the signature of gut microbiota and metabolites. Unique profiles of girls associated with BMI and eating pattern was revealed by Spearman's correlations analysis, co-occurrence network analysis, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Wilcoxon rank-sum test. RESULTS: Gender difference was found between normal and obese adolescents in gut microbiota, fecal metabolites, and plasma metabolites. The Parabacteroides were only decreased in obese girls. And the characteristic of obese girls' and boys' cases in fecal and plasma was xanthine and glutamine, ornithine and LCA, respectively. Soy products intake was negatively associated with Parabacteroides. The predicted model has a higher accuracy based on the combined markers in obesity boys (AUC = 0.97) and girls (AUC = 0.97), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced abundance of Phascolarctobacterium and Parabacteroides, as well as the increased fecal xanthine and ornithine, may provide a novel biomarker signature in obesity girls and boys. Soy products intake was positively and negatively associated with Romboutsia and Parabacteroides abundance, respectively. And the combined markers facilitate the accuracy of predicting obesity in girls and boys in advance.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Obesidade Pediátrica , Adolescente , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Fezes/microbiologia , Metaboloma , Ingestão de Alimentos , Biomarcadores , Ornitina , Xantinas
11.
Foods ; 11(21)2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360009

RESUMO

Production areas influence the quality of highland barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), and fertilization levels may be associated with the origin traceability of highland barley. As the main object of the study, a collection of highland barley was planted in different areas in Tibet, China, to explore the effect of fertilizer on the quality and traceability of highland barley. We carried out field experiments with and without fertilizer treatment (using urea and diamine phosphate). Highland barley was distinguished by nutrient and mineral element contents in combination with chemometric methods. The results indicated that fertilizer treatment significantly affected some mineral element contents in highland barley and improved the accuracy of highland barley traceability. The combination of nutrients and mineral elements could distinguish highland barley from those raised in other areas due to influence of growing environment. P, K, Fe, and Cu provided a great contribution to the classification of highland barley. Thus, the combination of nutrients and mineral elements can be used as a powerful tool to track highland barley, indicating that fertilization treatment should be considered when tracing highland barley.

12.
Cells ; 11(22)2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429049

RESUMO

We aimed to determine factors influencing lymph node metastasis (LNM) and develop a more effective method to assess preoperative N staging. Overall, data of 2130 patients who underwent thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer between 2018 and 2021 were retrospectively analysed. Patients were divided into groups according to pN0, pN1a, and pN1b stages. Pathology was used to analyse the correlation between preoperative serum marker indicators and LNM. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to compare the diagnostic value of ultrasound (US) examination alone, serum thyroglobulin, age, and combined method for LNM. A significant moderate agreement was observed between preoperative US and postoperative pathology for N staging. Between the pN0 and pN1 (pN1a + pN1b) groups, the differences in free triiodothyronine, anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody, and serum thyroglobulin levels were statistically significant. Among the indicators, serum thyroglobulin was an independent predictor of LNM. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.610 for serum thyroglobulin level for predicting LNM, 0.689 for US alone, and 0.742 for the combined method. Both preoperative US and serum thyroglobulin level provide a specific value when evaluating the N staging of thyroid cancer, and the combined method is more valuable in the diagnosis of LNM than US alone.


Assuntos
Tireoglobulina , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Ultrassonografia , Biomarcadores
13.
Contemp Clin Trials Commun ; 30: 101014, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36276264

RESUMO

Background: To examine fundamental characteristics of clinical trials with therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) as intervention on world major clinical trials registry platform. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of clinical trials with TDM as intervention that were registered on WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) or ClinicalTrials.gov. Relevant trial entries registered before and on March 2nd, 2022 were downloaded, deduplicated, and reviewed. Recruit country, monetary source, start years, study design, medical conditions, involved drugs, outcome measure, and subject information were extracted and analyzed. Results: Overall, 173 clinical trials were included in this study. Majority of the trials were conducted in several economically prosperous countries. The earliest initiated trials dates back to 2002. Most of the trials were funded by hospitals (36.4%). A higher proportion of trials were conducted within one country (86.1%), as phase Ⅳ (34.1%) interventional study (82.7%), randomized (52.6%), parallel assignment (53.8%) and open label (67.0%). The most concerned medical condition were infectious or parasitic disease and neoplasms, with the most monitored drugs were immunosuppressants and ß-lactam antibacterials. Most of the trials enroll no more than 50 subjects (30.6%), with both gender (95.4%), and adults (67.0%). Conclusion: The trials were mainly conducted in several economically prosperous countries. The number of registered trials had gradually increased during the past years. Novel biological drugs have increasingly become the research hotspot. We expect that with abundant financial support, more high-quality large-scale, multicenter randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are designed and implemented to promote the development of TDM in the future.

14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(20)2022 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36293472

RESUMO

The photoprotective role of anthocyanin remains controversial. In this study, we explored the effects of anthocyanin on photosynthesis and photoprotection using transgenic 'Galaxy Gala' apple plants overexpressing MdMYB10 under high light stress. The overexpression of MdMYB10 dramatically enhanced leaf anthocyanin accumulation, allowing more visible light to be absorbed, particularly in the green region. However, through post-transcriptional regulation, anthocyanin accumulation lowered leaf photosynthesis in both photochemical reaction and CO2 fixation capacities. Anthocyanin accumulation also led to a decreased de-epoxidation state of the xanthophyll cycle and antioxidant capacities, but this is most likely a response to the light-shielding effect of anthocyanin, as indicated by a higher chlorophyll concentration and lower chlorophyll a/b ratio. Under laboratory conditions when detached leaves lost carbon fixation capacity due to the limitation of CO2 supply, the photoinhibition of detached transgenic red leaves was less severe under strong white, green, or blue light, but it became more severe in response to strong red light compared with that of the wild type. In field conditions when photosynthesis was performed normally in both green and transgenic red leaves, the degree of photoinhibition was comparable between transgenic red leaves and wild type leaves, but it was less severe in transgenic young shoot bark compared with the wild type. Taken together, these data show that anthocyanin protects plants from high light stress by absorbing excessive visible light despite reducing photosynthesis.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Malus , Antocianinas/metabolismo , Clorofila A , Malus/genética , Malus/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Dióxido de Carbono , Fotossíntese/fisiologia , Clorofila , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Luz , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Fabaceae/metabolismo , Xantofilas/metabolismo
15.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(19)2022 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36236313

RESUMO

A distributed multiple-radar system has natural advantages in anti-deception jamming. However, most of the anti-jamming methods are proposed in full spatial registration. In practice, the registration error is difficult to eliminate, which will seriously degrade the performance of cooperative anti-jamming. Therefore, it is of great significance to consider the problem of cooperative anti-deception jamming under registration error. In this paper, the cooperative anti-deception jamming method is proposed in a distributed multiple-radar system under registration errors. On the premise of the known registration error, target received signal vectors are estimated from an uncertainty region in each channel by maximum likelihood (ML) algorithm. With the estimated received signal vectors, a target discrimination algorithm is introduced based on the difference in target spatial scattering characteristics, which calculate the correlation coefficient between different target received signal vectors and discriminate a false target with a designed threshold. Furthermore, since the registration error depends on the radar site errors, theoretical derivation for the registration error is given as a function of the transmitter and receiver site errors. Finally, simulation results verify the feasibility of the proposed discrimination method, and its performance due to the influence of the jamming-to-noise ratio (JNR), the registration error, the target size, and the discrimination threshold are considered.

16.
Opt Express ; 30(15): 26082-26089, 2022 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36236805

RESUMO

We report a high-resolution and wide-range thermometer using a fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot cavity (FBG-FP) combined with beat frequency interrogation. Two distributed feedback (DFB) lasers are locked to the FBG-FP sensing head and a hydrogen cyanide H13C14N (HCN) gas cell, respectively, both using the Pound-Drever-Hall (PDH) technique. The light beams from two lasers are brought together to interfere on a photodetector producing a beat frequency signal which provides a measure of the temperature change. Our sensor exhibits a dynamic range of ∼109 °C, a high resolution of 2×10-4 °C with an averaging time of 1 s. By introducing the reference frequency, the sensor has demonstrated good long-term stability. This sensor provides a useful tool for those fields where resolving slight temperature changes is crucial, such as deep ocean temperature measurement.

17.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0261222, 2022 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36227107

RESUMO

Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most prevalent gynecological malignancy, with a higher risk in obese woman, indicating the possibility of gut microbiota involvement in EC progression. However, no direct evidence of a relationship between EC and gut microbiota in humans has been discovered. Here, we performed 16S rRNA sequencing to explore the relationship between dysbiosis of gut microbiota and cancer development in different types of EC patients. The results clearly show the differential profiles of gut microbiota between EC patients and normal participants as well as the association between gut microbiota and EC progression. Targeted metabolomics of plasma revealed an increased level of C16:1 and C20:2, which was positively associated with the abundance of Ruminococcus sp. N15.MGS-57. The higher richness of Ruminococcus sp. N15.MGS-57 in EC subjects not only was positively associated with blood C16:1 and C20:2 but also was negatively correlated with betalain and indole alkaloid biosynthesis. Furthermore, the combined marker panel of gut bacteria, blood metabolites, and clinical indices could distinguish the EC patients under lean and overweight conditions from normal subjects with high accuracy in both discovery and validation sets. In addition, the alteration of tumor microenvironment metabolism of EC was characterized by imaging mass microscopy. Spatial visualization of fatty acids showed that C16:1 and C18:1 obviously accumulate in tumor tissue, and C16:1 may promote EC cell invasion and metastasis through mTOR signaling. The aberrant fecal microbiome, more specifically, Ruminococcus sp. N15.MGS-57 and spatially distributed C16:1 in EC tissues, can be used as a biomarker of clinical features and outcomes and provide a new therapeutic target for clinical treatment. IMPORTANCE A growing number of studies have shown the connection between gut microbiota, obesity, and cancer. However, to our knowledge, the association between gut microbiota and endometrial cancer progression in humans has not been studied. We recruited EC and control individuals as research participants and further subgrouped subjects by body mass index to examine the association between gut microbiota, metabolites, and clinical indices. The higher richness of Ruminococcus sp. N15.MGS-57 in EC subjects was not only positively associated with blood C16:1 but also negatively correlated with betalain and indole alkaloid biosynthesis. Spatial visualization of fatty acids by imaging mass microscopy showed that C16:1 obviously accumulates in tumor tissue, and C16:1 may promote the EC cell invasion and metastasis through mTOR signaling. The aberrant fecal microbiome, more specifically, Ruminococcus sp. N15.MGS-57 and spatially distributed C16:1, can be used as a biomarker of clinical features and outcomes and provide a new therapeutic target for clinical treatment.

18.
Onco Targets Ther ; 15: 1067-1078, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36199295

RESUMO

Purpose: Pyrotinib, a novel human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), has led to remarkable survival outcomes in HER2-positive advanced breast cancer (ABC) in clinical trials and was approved for second-line standards of treatment for HER2+ ABC in China. However, the clinical trials could not fully reflect reality of clinical practice, and predictive factors were still lacking. This study aimed to assess the actual efficacy and safety of pyrotinib in HER2+ ABC in real-world setting. Patients and Methods: In this multicenter, retrospective, observational real-world study, we analyzed 171 patients with HER2+ ABC, who received pyrotinib-based treatment from November 2017 to November 2020. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary end points included overall survival (OS), objective response rate (ORR), clinical benefit rate (CBR) and safety. Results: Up to November 30, 2021, the median PFS (mPFS) was 12.0 months for all patients. One hundred and sixty-two patients (94.7%) with measurable lesions had been included in efficacy assessment. The ORR and CBR were 45.1% and 81.5%, respectively. A significantly longer PFS was reported in patients who received pyrotinib as first-line treatment, had the ECOG-PS of 0-1, as well as those who were lapatinib-naive. In addition, multivariable analysis indicated that ECOG-PS of 2-4, positive hormone receptor (HR) status, and presence of visceral metastasis were independent negative predictors of PFS. As far as we know, this study first reported the survival outcome of pyrotinib cross-line treatment, with a mPFS of 5.0 months. All grades of adverse events (AEs) occurred in 171 patients (100%), and the most common AE was diarrhea (86.5%). Conclusion: This study further demonstrated the outstanding efficacy and safety of pyrotinib and reported the potential predictors of survival in HER2+ ABC.

19.
Membranes (Basel) ; 12(10)2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36295724

RESUMO

Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is a commonly used cleaning agent for recovering membrane performance in membrane technologies. A thorough understanding of the impacts of NaOCl exposure on membrane properties and fouling behavior is important for optimizing chemical cleaning process and extending membrane lifespan. In this study, three commercial polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) hollow fiber ultrafiltration membranes (SMM-1010, MEMCOR® CS II and ZeeWeed 500) were used to systematically explore the effects of NaOCl dose and solution pH (8 and 10) on membrane properties. The results showed that membrane pores increased with exposure time prolonging, and more pores were observed at pH 8 aging condition. The amide group in the Fourier transformation infrared spectra was disappeared, while the carboxylic acid and succinimide groups were formed at pH 10 and pH 8 conditions, respectively. The hydrophilicity and pure water permeability (PWP) of SMM-1010 and MEMCOR® CS II membranes had insignificant changes during NaOCl aging process, whereas the hydrophilicity of ZeeWeed 500 membrane slightly decreased and its PWP increased by 1.4-fold. The antifouling properties of NaOCl-aged SMM-1010 and MEMCOR® CS II membranes were slightly improved, whereas the NaOCl-aged ZeeWeed 500 membrane showed severer flux decline with humic acid filtration. Our findings could provide guidance for practical chemical cleaning process optimization.

20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 222(Pt B): 2628-2638, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36243156

RESUMO

Water-soluble polypeptides from pilose antler (PAWPs) are a traditional Chinese functional food and have been reported to inhibit triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) in mice. Thus, in this study, we characterized PAWPs through peptidomics, and 405 total polypeptides were finally identified. Subsequently, our results indicate that PAWPs combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) result in a markedly lower spleen index compared with that in other groups. Next, 25 subpopulations of T cells were identified by multi-parametric flow cytometry in the lungs, spleen, and peripheral blood of different groups. These results indicated that PAWPs combined with NAC promote the proliferation of CD3+ T cells in the spleen and significantly affect the fate of the T-cell subpopulation. Moreover, PAWPs combined with NAC increased the infiltration of CD4+ interferon-γ+ T cells into tumor tissues. Our results showed that PAWPs have immunoregulatory functions and chemosensitizing effects, with good prospects for future clinical application.


Assuntos
Chifres de Veado , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Chifres de Veado/química , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T , Proteínas de Transporte/uso terapêutico , Proteínas de Plasma Seminal
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