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1.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-10, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33583288

RESUMO

Two novel acylated steroidal sapogenins, 3ß-acetoxy-1α, 2α, 4ß, 5α, 7α-pentahydroxy-spirost-25(27)-en-6-one (1) and (25S)-3α-acetoxy-1α, 2ß, 4α, 5α, 7α-pentahydroxyspirostan-6-one (2), together with two known steroidal sapogenins (3 and 4), were isolated from Rohdea chinensis rhizomes. Their structures were elucidated by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass spectrometry (MS) data. In addition, the antifungal activities of the isolated compounds against Penicillium digitatum and Rhizopus stolonifera were evaluated. Compound 2 significantly inhibited R. stolonifera growth, which was comparable to the positive control (sodium benzoate and carbendazim). Compound 4 showed the highest potency to inhibit P. digitatum growth compared to other compounds.

2.
ISA Trans ; 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33573824

RESUMO

Due to the complexity of the industrial working environment, controllers are susceptible to various disturbance signals, resulting in unsatisfactory control performance. Therefore, it is especially important to assess the controller performance. Considering the harmful effect of measurement noise on controller performance assessment (CPA) based on generalized minimum variance control (GMVC), this paper proposes dynamic data reconciliation (DDR) to improve the accuracy of CPA based on GMVC. The paper first introduces CPA based on GMVC, and then analyzes the influence of measurement noise on GMVC based CPA index. DDR combined with GMVC based CPA is then proposed and analyzed in both SISO and MIMO systems to weaken the impact of measurement noise on CPA index. For both Gaussian distributed noise and non-Gaussian distributed noise, the formulation of DDR is derived from the Bayesian formula and maximum likelihood estimate. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified in different case studies (involving both SISO and MIMO systems), and further verified by the control process of DC-AC converter. The simulation and experiment results demonstrate that the results of CPA based on GMVC can be obviously improved by using DDR.

3.
Andrologia ; : e13996, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527468

RESUMO

The gold-standard method for diagnosing arteriogenic erectile dysfunction (AED) is the penile Doppler ultrasonography. We proposed a novel method for predicting AED using ultrasonic shear wave elastography (SWE) considering that the former was invasive and variable. A total of 98 male patients were enrolled in our study, referred for ED between December 2018 and October 2020. For comparison, we also included 42 volunteers from the Healthy Physical Examination Center of our hospital. The Penile Doppler Ultrasonography (PDU) and SWE were performed for all patients with the intracavernosal injection (ICI). We named three groups as AED group, nonvascular ED group and healthy controls group. No statistically significant differences were found among the three groups in terms of demographic and clinical characteristics. There were no significant differences in IIEF-5 between AED and nonvascular ED. A significant (r = 0.642, p < 0.0001) positive correlation between flaccid and erectile SWE was observed. With a cut-off value of 13.45 KPa, the area under curve, specificity, and sensitivity of the SWE values under the flaccid state in distinguishing AED from healthy subjects were 0.867, 0.786 and 0.896 respectively. The SWE value in the flaccid state can distinguish the AED from healthy subjects.

4.
J Radiol Prot ; 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508813

RESUMO

During long-pulse deuterium plasma operating in Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST), a mixed radiation field will be generated, which is mainly composed of fusion neutrons, gamma rays, x-rays and so on. More accurately and effectively dose monitoring methods were developed and established to obtain the ionizing radiation intensity for the stable operation of the device and personnel radiation safety. As we know, there is few reports about the biological effects of radiation induced by fusion neutrons and γ radiation, which is of vital importance to the assessing radiation hazards from fusion devices such as EAST on human being and ecological environment. In present study, three positions in EAST hall were selected to detect genotoxic effects induced by nuclear fusion radiation using Vicia faba micronucleus test for the first time. The doses of neutrons and gamma rays at these places were measured by thermoluminescence dosimeters for four times from June 2019 to May 2020. The radiation doses were decreased as the distances from EAST device shell gradually increased from S1 to S3. Radiation in EAST hall resulted in a significant induction of micronucleus in Vicia faba root tips cells compared to negative control, which was different from micronucleus frequency indued by fission neutrons, γ-rays and other kind of radiation in previous studies. These results indicated that there has existence of potential genotoxic effects induced by radiation from EAST which was different from other radiation and suggested that it was not allowed to enter the experimental hall during the discharge process, and the radiation protection measures should be taken during the necessary maintenance to avoid radiation damage. These newly acquired results will certainly increase our knowledge on the biological effects induced by radiation from nuclear fusion and provide good data support for developing more effective environmental and personnel fusion radiation protection.

5.
Andrologia ; 53(2): e13851, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33368449

RESUMO

Previous studies have suggested that there is a positive correlation between prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels and prostate volume (PV). A better understanding of the possible influence of PV on a ratio of free to total PSA (f/tPSA) may improve the diagnostic value of the prostate disease. The study group consisted of 342 men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). All patients underwent urinary tract ultrasonography and had tests carried out on PSA, serum glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, LDL and blood pressure. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess the associations between prostate volume and f/tPSA value. We found no obvious relationship between prostate volume and f/tPSA value when PSA >10 ng/ml but did observe a positive correlation when 4 ng/ml < PSA ï¼œ 10 ng/ml (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.0012; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.0009-0.0248). With increasing prostate volume, multivariate analysis showed an obvious increase in f/tPSA value (HR: 0.0011; 95% CI: 0.0007-0.0015) (p ≤ .0001). We confirmed that prostate volume could affect the f/tPSA levels in serum. There was an obvious positive correlation between prostate volume and f/tPSA level when PSA levels were between 4 and 10ng/dl. There was no significant correlation between prostate volume and f/tPSA value when PSA >10 ng/ml.

6.
Talanta ; 224: 121810, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33379035

RESUMO

Microfluidic system with multi-functional integration of high-throughput protein/peptide separation ability has great potential for improving the identification capacity of biological samples in proteomics. In this paper, a sample treatment platform was constructed by integrating reversed phase chromatography, immobilized enzyme reactor (IMER) and imprinted monolith through a microfluidic chip to achieve the online proteins fractionation, denaturation, digestion and peptides enrichment. We firstly synthesized a poly-allyl phenoxyacetate (AP) monolith and a lysine-glycine-glycine (KGG) imprinted monolith separately, and investigated in detail their performance in fractionating proteins and extracting KGG from the protein digests of MCF-7 cell. The removal percentage of 94.6% for MCF-7 cell protein and the recovery of 90.8% for KGG were obtained. The number of proteins and peptides identified on this microfluidic platform was 2,004 and 8,797, respectively, which was 2.8-fold and 3.0-fold higher than that of untreatment sample. The time consumed by this platform for a sample treatment was about 9.6 h, less than that of conventional method (approximate 13.3 h). In addition, this platform can enrich some peptide fragments containing KGG based on imprinted monolith, which can be served for the identification of ubiquitin-modified proteomics. The successful construction of this integrated microfluidic platform provides a considerable and efficient technical tool for simultaneous identification of proteomics and post-translational modification proteomics information.

7.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 171: 112718, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059165

RESUMO

It is of significance to detect circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in whole blood using transportable instruments at the point of care to assist evaluating chemotherapeutic efficacy and recurrence risk of cancer patients. However, the current widely used detection methods either require expensive and complex equipments, need complicated enrichment steps, or produce high rates of false positive and/or negative results. Aiming for solving the two critical challenges involved in instrumentation miniaturization and simplification of sample preparation for POCT of CTCs without sacrificing the detection sensitivity and accuracy, this work reports a custom-built, automatic, large field-of-view microscopic CTC cytometer and a novel enrichment strategy based on a synthesized peptide ligand discovered from One-Bead One-Compound library screening. The custom-built microscope has compact size, low weight and efficient cost while still maintaining a detection limit of as low as 5 target objects. The simplified sample preparation utilized a novel peptide LXW7 functionalized to magnetic beads and allows for rapid, highly selective and sensitive detection of CTCs. This analytical platform may fulfill the unmet need for possible point-of-care CTC counting, and provide a new option for early diagnosis of cancers and convenient evaluation of chemotherapeutic efficacy and cancer recurrence.

8.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(12): 5480-5487, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374064

RESUMO

To study the effect of biomass particle size on the rate and ability of phosphorus removal from aqueous solution by MgO-loaded Phragmites australis biochar (MBC), MBC was prepared using 0.0-0.5, 1.0-2.0, and 6.0-8.0 mm Phragmites australis particles as the feedstock and MgCl2 as the modification material. The MBC was characterized using FTIR, XRD, and SEM techniques. Kinetic and isotherm experiments of phosphate (PO43--P) adsorption from aqueous solution by the MBC were conducted, and the experimental data were fitted with various kinetic and isotherm models. The results showed that the adsorption rate of PO43--P by the MBC increased with the increase in biomass particle size. The amount of PO43--P adsorbed by the MBC prepared from 0.0-0.5, 1.0-2.0, and 6.0-8.0 mm particles reached 15.4%, 25.8%, and 80.8%, respectively, within 2 h. The biomass particle size did not affect the maximum PO43--P adsorption capacity (249.0-254.7 mg·g-1) of the MBC. MBC prepared from the 6-8 mm particles retained the complete cell wall structure of the Phragmites australis, and a large number of micropores and mesopores were generated during pyrolysis, thereby forming a hierarchical, regular, and well-connected pore structure. MBC prepared from the 0.0-0.5 mm and 1.0-2.0 mm particles had inferior pore structures with inferior pore connectivity, which affected the diffusion rate of PO43- ions inside the MBC and limited the PO43--P adsorption rate. Therefore, when using waste Phragmites australis harvested from a constructed wetland to produce MBC and remove phosphorus from water, the Phragmites australis should be crushed into 6-8 mm particles. Over-crushing deteriorates the pore structure of the produced MBC and reduces the removal rate of phosphorus by the MBC.

9.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 282, 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33317606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is the backbone of therapy for advanced prostate cancer (PCa). Despite the good initial response, castration resistance and metastatic progression will inevitably occur. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) may be implicated in promoting metastasis of PCa after ADT. Our aim is to investigate the role and mechanism of CAFs-derived exosomes involving in metastasis of PCa after ADT. METHODS: PCa cells were co-cultured with exosomes derived from 10 nM dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-treated (simulating the high androgen level of prostate cancer microenvironment) or ethanol (ETOH) -treated (simulating the castration level of prostate cancer microenvironment after ADT) CAFs, and their migration and invasion differences under castration condition were examined both in vitro and in vivo. The miRNA profiles of exosomes derived from DHT-treated CAFs and matched ETOH-treated CAFs were analysed via next generation sequencing. The transfer of exosomal miR-146a-5p from CAFs to PCa cells was identified by fluorescent microscopy. The function and direct target gene of exosomal miR-146a-5p in PCa cells were confirmed through Transwell assays, luciferase reporter, and western blot. RESULTS: Compared with DHT-treated CAFs, exosomes derived from ETOH-treated CAFs dramatically increased migration and invasion of PCa cells under castration condition. MiR-146a-5p level in exosomes from ETOH-treated CAFs was significantly reduced. The loss of miR-146a-5p may strengthen the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) to accelerate cancer cells metastasis by modulating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/ERK pathway. CONCLUSIONS: CAFs-derived exosomal miR-146a-5p confers metastasis in PCa cells under ADT through the EGFR/ERK pathway and it may present a new treatment for PCa.

10.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1139: 27-35, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190706

RESUMO

An organic-inorganic hybrid monolith incorporated with titanium dioxide nanotubes (TNTs) and hydrophilic deep eutectic solvents (DESs) was prepared and evaluated by the isolation of proteins using solid phase microextraction. A typical polymerization system was composed of choline chloride/methacrylic acid (ChCl/MAA, DESs monomer), glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), as well as ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EDMA) in the presence of TNTs. Then the epoxy groups on the surface of the resulting monolith were modified with amino groups. The synergistic effect of TNTs and DESs monomer to improve the enrichment performance of the sorbent significantly was demonstrated. Compared with the corresponding TNTs/DESs-free monolith, the recoveries of BSA and OVA were increased to 98.6% and 92.7% (RSDs < 2.0%), with an improvement of more than 60.0%. With a correlation coefficient of determination (R2) higher than 0.9995, the enrichment factors (EFs) were 21.9-28.3-fold. In addition, the resulting monolith was further applied to specifically capture proteins from rat liver according to their pI value, followed by HPLC-MS/MS analysis. The results indicated that the developed monolith was an effective material to isolate protein species of interest according to the pI value of target proteins.

11.
Eur J Med Genet ; 63(12): 104091, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33132204

RESUMO

Primary microcephaly 7 (MCPH7) is an autosomal recessive human neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by microcephaly, sloping forehead, and prominent midface. The STIL gene encodes a protein that regulates the mitotic spindle checkpoint. STIL is the pathogenic gene of MCPH7. Although more than 25 genes have been reported to cause MCPH, many patients lack a molecular diagnosis. The clinical manifestations and genetic factors of MCPH7 remain to be revealed. This research reported two consecutive microcephalic foetuses from unaffected parents. Prenatal ultrasound examination and pre- and postnatal MRI studies were performed. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) was performed using blood derived from the umbilical cord, and variants were confirmed by Sanger sequencing on the parents. Ultrasound examination showed that the two foetuses suffered primary microcephaly. Using the WGS approach, novel compound heterozygous variants in STIL (c.2344_2347delTTGC, p. Leu782Thrfs*2 in exon 13; c.3838C > T, p. Arg1280Cys in exon 17) were identified in two foetuses with MCPH7. The MRI results of the two siblings were quite similar. Postnatal MRI confirmed the ultrasound and prenatal examinations. The two foetuses had typical microcephaly. Ultrasound and MRI showed that the two foetuses had a thick skull plate, significantly reduced bilateral frontal lobe, upward rotated cerebellum vermis, and dilated fourth ventricle. Our findings have important implications for prenatal diagnosis and genetic counselling for any patients with MCPH7. We extend both the mutational spectrum in the STIL gene and the clinical spectrum of MCPH7.

12.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(10): e20529, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Electronic devices (eDevices) may have positive or negative influences on family communication and well-being depending on how they are used. OBJECTIVE: We examined eDevice use during family time and its association with the quality of family communication and well-being in Hong Kong Chinese adults. METHODS: In 2017, a probability-based 2-stage random sampling landline telephone survey collected data on eDevice use in daily life and during family time (eg, family dinner) and the presence of rules banning eDevice use during family dinner. Family communication quality was rated from 0 to 10 with higher scores being favorable. Family well-being was calculated as a composite mean score of 3 items each using the same scale from 0 to 10. The associations of family communication quality and well-being with eDevice use in daily life and during family time were estimated using beta-coefficient (ß) adjusting for sociodemographics. The mediating role of family communication quality in the association between eDevice use and family well-being was analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 2064 respondents (mean age 56.4 [SD 19.2] years, 1269/2064 [61.48%] female), 1579/2059 (76.69%) used an eDevice daily for a mean of 3.6 hours (SD 0.1) and 257/686 (37.5%) used it for 30+ minutes before sleep. As much as 794/2046 (38.81%) often or sometimes used an eDevice during family time including dinner (311/2017, 15.42%); 713/2012 (35.44%) reported use of an eDevice by family members during dinner. Lower family communication quality was associated with hours of eDevice use before sleep (adjusted ß=-.25; 95% CI -0.44 to -0.05), and often use (vs never use) of eDevice during family dinner by oneself (adjusted ß=-.51; 95% CI -0.91 to -0.10) and family members (adjusted ß=-.54; 95% CI -0.79 to -0.29). Similarly, lower family well-being was associated with eDevice use before sleep (adjusted ß=-.26; 95% CI -0.42 to -0.09), and often use during family dinner by oneself (adjusted ß=-.48; 95% CI -0.83 to -0.12) and family members (adjusted ß=-.50; 95% CI -0.72 to -0.28). Total ban of eDevice use during family dinner was negatively associated with often use by oneself (adjusted odds ratio 0.49; 95% CI 0.29 to 0.85) and family members (adjusted odds ratio 0.41; 95% CI 0.28, 0.60) but not with family communication and well-being. Lower family communication quality substantially mediated the total effect of the association of eDevice use time before sleep (61.2%) and often use at family dinner by oneself (87.0%) and by family members (67.8%) with family well-being. CONCLUSIONS: eDevice use before sleep and during family dinner was associated with lower family well-being, and the association was substantially mediated by family communication quality. Our results suggest that interventions on smart use of eDevice may improve family communication and well-being.

13.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073868

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To observe the microvascular architecture in the placental bed and explore the feasibility and clinical utility of MV-Flow imaging (Samsung Medison Co, Ltd, Seoul, Korea) during normal pregnancy and fetal growth restriction (FGR). METHODS: Placental microvascular structure ultrasound imaging by MV-Flow was performed on 227 unaffected and 17 FGR fetuses between 11 and 41 weeks' gestation. A placental vascular index (VIMV ) was acquired by application of various MV-Flow regions of interest (ellipse, rectangle, and manual trace). Unaffected control and FGR groups were assessed for umbilical artery, middle cerebral artery, and uterine artery pulsatility indices and the cerebroplacental ratio calculated by ultrasound. RESULTS: No significant difference in the VIMV by varying regions of interest or placental regions was observed in the control group. The VIMV in the first trimester was lower than that in the second and third trimesters, with 5th through 95th percentile normal VIMV reference values of 18.39 to 63.79 for 13.6 weeks and earlier, 28.53 to 66.64 for 14 weeks to 27 weeks 6 days, and 21.95 to 67.45 for 28 weeks and later. The VIMV values in the FGR group were lower than those in the control group in the upper, middle, and lower parts of the placenta (mean ± SD, 24.9 ± 13.9 versus 45.0 ± 13.4; P < .01; 30.5 ± 16.1 versus 44.7 ± 14.3; P < .01; and 29.9 ± 17.4 versus 47.6 ± 12.2; P < .01, respectively). Higher umbilical artery and uterine artery pulsatility indices and a lower cerebroplacental ratio were found in the FGR group compared with the control group (P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: MV-Flow technology can display and quantify placental microvascular architecture at the level of the stem villi and villous leaves, and the VIMV provides for quantification of tissue vascularity. MV-Flow is a potentially powerful and promising tool to explore placental microvascular perfusion and provide new information on a host of pregnancy-related conditions.

14.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(4): 370-374, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089284

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the role of P2X7 receptor (P2X7r) in osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs). METHODS: hPDLSCs were isolated from the premolars collected in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and divided into four groups. Group A was cultured in conventional medium, group B was cultured in osteogenic induction medium, group C was cultured in osteogenic induction medium + 100 nmol/L adenosine triphosphate (ATP) solution, and group D was cultured in osteogenic induction medium + 100 nmol/L P2X7 receptor specific antagonist KN-62. After 7 days, alizarin red staining was used to observe the osteogenic effect of hPDLSCs in each group. The mRNA expression of osteocalcin (OCN), RUNX2 and P2X7r in hPDLSCs was detected by real-time PCR reaction (RT-PCR). The data were processed by SPSS 22.0 software package. RESULTS: Alisarin red staining showed that the morphology of hPDLSCs cells in group B and group C was significantly changed. The pale calcified nodules in group C were significantly more than those in group B, while very few calcified nodules were found in group A and group D. The mRNA expression of OCN, RUNX2 and P2X7r in hPDLSCs were the highest in group C, followed by group B(P<0.05), and no difference was found between group A and group D(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: P2X7 receptor can promote osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells after being activated by ATP, which may provide a new direction for clinical treatment of periodontitis.


Assuntos
Ligamento Periodontal , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X7 , China , Humanos , Osteogênese/genética , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X7/genética , Células-Tronco
15.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(11): e22205, 2020 11 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Online misinformation proliferation during the COVID-19 pandemic has become a major public health concern. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the prevalence of COVID-19 misinformation exposure and beliefs, associated factors including psychological distress with misinformation exposure, and the associations between COVID-19 knowledge and number of preventive behaviors. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted with 1049 South Korean adults in April 2020. Respondents were asked about receiving COVID-19 misinformation using 12 items identified by the World Health Organization. Logistic regression was used to compute adjusted odds ratios (aORs) for the association of receiving misinformation with sociodemographic characteristics, source of information, COVID-19 misinformation belief, and psychological distress, as well as the associations of COVID-19 misinformation belief with COVID-19 knowledge and the number of COVID-19 preventive behaviors among those who received the misinformation. All data were weighted according to the Korea census data in 2018. RESULTS: Overall, 67.78% (n=711) of respondents reported exposure to at least one COVID-19 misinformation item. Misinformation exposure was associated with younger age, higher education levels, and lower income. Sources of information associated with misinformation exposure were social networking services (aOR 1.67, 95% CI 1.20-2.32) and instant messaging (aOR 1.79, 1.27-2.51). Misinformation exposure was also associated with psychological distress including anxiety (aOR 1.80, 1.24-2.61), depressive (aOR 1.47, 1.09-2.00), and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (aOR 1.97, 1.42-2.73), as well as misinformation belief (aOR 7.33, 5.17-10.38). Misinformation belief was associated with poorer COVID-19 knowledge (high: aOR 0.62, 0.45-0.84) and fewer preventive behaviors (≥7 behaviors: aOR 0.54, 0.39-0.74). CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 misinformation exposure was associated with misinformation belief, while misinformation belief was associated with fewer preventive behaviors. Given the potential of misinformation to undermine global efforts in COVID-19 disease control, up-to-date public health strategies are required to counter the proliferation of misinformation.

16.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4447, 2020 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895382

RESUMO

Tea is an economically important plant characterized by a large genome, high heterozygosity, and high species diversity. In this study, we assemble a 3.26-Gb high-quality chromosome-scale genome for the 'Longjing 43' cultivar of Camellia sinensis var. sinensis. Genomic resequencing of 139 tea accessions from around the world is used to investigate the evolution and phylogenetic relationships of tea accessions. We find that hybridization has increased the heterozygosity and wide-ranging gene flow among tea populations with the spread of tea cultivation. Population genetic and transcriptomic analyses reveal that during domestication, selection for disease resistance and flavor in C. sinensis var. sinensis populations has been stronger than that in C. sinensis var. assamica populations. This study provides resources for marker-assisted breeding of tea and sets the foundation for further research on tea genetics and evolution.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis/genética , Resistência à Doença/genética , Evolução Molecular , Genoma de Planta/genética , Melhoramento Vegetal , Domesticação , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genômica , Filogenia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
17.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926432

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility of shear wave elastography (SWE) in the evaluation of arterial erectile dysfunction (ED). METHODS: From November 2018 to November 2019, 26 patients with arterial ED and 30 patients with non-vascular ED were prospectively included. SWE values of corpus cavernosum penis (CCP) and the flow velocity of cavernous artery for all patients in both before intracavernous injection (ICI) (flaccid state) and after ICI (erectile state) were measured. Performance of SWE value in assessing arterial ED was studied. Correlation between SWE value of CCP and the age of patients was also investigated. RESULTS: ICI significantly reduced SWE values in both arterial and non-vascular group (from 19.57 ± 6.33 KPa to 12.17 ± 3.64 KPa in the first, and from 19.91 ± 6.69 KPa to 8.04 ± 3.13 KPa in the former, both P < 0.001). SWE values of CCP after ICI in arterial ED were significantly larger than that in non-vascular ED (P < 0.001). SWE values of CCP before ICI negatively correlated with age of patients in arterial ED (r = - 0.601, P < 0.001). With a cutoff value of 7.75 KPa, the area under curve, specificity, sensitivity, PPV, and NPV of SWE values of CCP after ICI in distinguishing arterial ED from non-vascular ED were 0.810, 63.3%, 96.2%, 96.2%, and 70%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: SWE was expected to be a potential technique for the noninvasive, simply operated, repeatable and quantitative evaluation of arterial ED.

18.
Int J Infect Dis ; 100: 431-433, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32947051

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the mental health burden before and during the COVID-19 outbreak and identify the vulnerable groups by sociodemographic factors. METHODS: We analyzed repeated cross-sectional data from the Hong Kong Family and Health Information Trend Survey (FHInTS) in 2016 (N = 4036) and 2017 (N = 4051) and the COVID-19 Health Information Survey (CoVHInS) in April 9-23, 2020 (N = 1501) using population-based random samples of general adults by landline telephone and online panel. Stress (Perceived Stress Scale 4), anxiety symptoms (General Anxiety Disorders 2), depression symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-2), subjective happiness (4-point Likert item), and sociodemographic factors were collected. RESULTS: Compared with 2016 and 2017, the stress level increased by 28.3%, prevalence of anxiety increased by 42.3%, and the depression symptoms and unhappiness have doubled (all P for trends <0.001) during the COVID-19 outbreak. The increases in stress levels were significantly larger among older and less educated respondents (P for interactions <0.001). CONCLUSION: Hong Kong had a mental health emergency even with no lockdown and well-managed outbreaks. Older and under-privileged people will suffer most. Public mental health interventions are urgently needed particularly for the older adults and individuals with primary or lower education attainment.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Felicidade , Hong Kong/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951226

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cranial ultrasound markers during a first-trimester routine ultrasound examination for screening for open spina bifida (OSB). METHODS: Midsagittal and axial images of the fetal head obtained from fetuses with spina bifida and unaffected control fetuses at 11 weeks to 13 weeks 6 days were analyzed retrospectively. The observed markers of the posterior brain included the 4- versus 3-line view, the brain stem (BS)-to-brain stem-occipital bone (BSOB) distance ratio (BS/BSOB), the position relationship between the maxillo-occipital (MO) line and the midbrain-BS junction, and the crash sign status. RESULTS: This study included 9 OSB cases, 2 closed spina bifida (CSB) cases, and 200 unaffected controls. Eight of 9 OSB cases had informative midsagittal views of the head. The 3-line view (abnormal) and BS/BSOB greater than 1 (abnormal) were observed in 87.5% (7 of 8) and 100% (8 of 8), respectively. The midbrain-BS junction was below or nearly on the MO line (abnormal) in 100% (8 of 8). Seven of the cases had informative axial views of the head. The crash sign (abnormal) was observed in 85.7% (6 of 7). A 3-line view was seen in all of the cases that had a positive crash sign. Neither of the 2 cases of CSB and none of the controls had any of the 4 first-trimester intracranial ultrasound markers of OSB. CONCLUSIONS: The 4 first-trimester intracranial ultrasound markers investigated in this study appear to be very good markers of OSB, especially a BS/BSOB greater than 1 and an abnormal MO line. The crash sign and 3-line view were observed in the same fetus. In our study, these ultrasound findings were not helpful in CSB.

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