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1.
Vet Parasitol ; 302: 109646, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999317

RESUMO

The discovery of hybrids between Ascaris lumbricoides and Ascaris suum has complicated our understanding of the relationship between the two species. We examined the same Ascaris specimens (48 from humans and 48 from pigs) using two methods: microsatellite markers combined with Bayesian clustering and PCR-RFLP of the nuclear internal transcribed spacer region. The results obtained by the two methods were inconsistent but showed that hybrid Ascaris identified through both approaches could infect pigs. The results of this study suggest that PCR-RFLP of ITS alone is not suitable for molecular identification of human-type and pig-type Ascaris hybrids. Use of multiple SSR markers combined with Bayesian analysis was the most reliable method in our study. Our results indicate that, in addition to host-specific Ascaris types, there may be some that do not show host specificity. Our results show for the first time that hybrid individuals can infect pigs as well as humans. This study has important theoretical and practical implications, including suggesting the need to re-evaluate long-term ascariasis control strategies.

2.
Anim Biosci ; 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34991195

RESUMO

Objective: Early environmental enrichment in life can improve cognition in animals. The effect of prenatal auditory stimulation on learning ability and fear level in chick embryos remained unexplored. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of prenatal auditory stimulation on the learning ability and fear level of chicks. Methods: A total of 450 fertilized eggs were randomly divided into 5 groups, including control group (C), low-sound intensity music group (LM), low-sound intensity noise group (LN), high-sound intensity noise group (HN) and high-sound intensity music group (HM). From the 10th day of embryonic development until hatching, group LM and group LN received 65-75 dB of music and noise stimulation. Group HN and group HM received 85-95 dB of noise and music stimulation, and group C received no additional sound. At the end of incubation, the one-trial passive avoidance learning (PAL) task and tonic immobility (TI) tests were carried out, and the serum corticosterone (CORT) and serotonin (5-HT) concentrations were determined. Results: The results showed that compared with the group C, 65-75 dB of music and noise stimulation did not affect the PAL avoidance rate (p>0.05), duration of TI (p>0.05) and the concentration of CORT (p>0.05) and 5-HT (p>0.05) in chicks. However, 85-95 dB of music and noise stimulation could reduce duration of TI (p<0.05) and the concentration of CORT (p<0.05), but no significant effect was observed on the concentration of 5-HT (p>0.05) and PAL avoidance rate (p>0.05). Conclusion: Therefore, the prenatal auditory stimulation of 85-95 dB can effectively reduce the fear level of chicks while it cannot affect the learning ability.

3.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126815, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396966

RESUMO

Di (2-ethyl-hexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a widely used plasticizer. Maternal DEHP exposure inhibits cell proliferation and reduces placentas size, which associates with fetal growth restriction and adulthood diseases. However, the mechanism of placental cell proliferation inhibition by DEHP remains elusive. This study investigated the effect of DEHP on placental cell proliferation from cell cycle arrest. Utilizing in vitro and in vivo experiments, we investigated cell cycle arrest, DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair, genotoxic stress response, and micronuclei formation. Most DEHP metabolizes to mono (2-Ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP) and distributes to organs quickly, so MEHP and DEHP were used in cultured cell and animal experiments, respectively. Here, a double blocking mode for the proliferation inhibition of the placental cell was revealed. One is that the classical DSB repair pathways were suppressed, which arrested the cell cycle at the G2/M phase. The other is that DEHP stimulated an elevated level of progesterone, which blocked the cell cycle at metaphase by disrupting chromosome arrangement. These two sets of events facilitated micronuclei formation and resulted in cell proliferation inhibition. This findings provide a novel mechanistic understanding for DEHP to inhibit placental cell proliferation.


Assuntos
Dietilexilftalato , Ácidos Ftálicos , Animais , Dietilexilftalato/toxicidade , Feminino , Placenta , Plastificantes/toxicidade , Gravidez , Progesterona
4.
Gut ; 71(1): 55-67, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33468536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Creeping fat, the wrapping of mesenteric fat around the bowel wall, is a typical feature of Crohn's disease, and is associated with stricture formation and bowel obstruction. How creeping fat forms is unknown, and we interrogated potential mechanisms using novel intestinal tissue and cell interaction systems. DESIGN: Tissues from normal, UC, non-strictured and strictured Crohn's disease intestinal specimens were obtained. The muscularis propria matrisome was determined via proteomics. Mesenteric fat explants, primary human preadipocytes and adipocytes were used in multiple ex vivo and in vitro cell migration systems on muscularis propria muscle cell derived or native extracellular matrix. Functional experiments included integrin characterisation via flow cytometry and their inhibition with specific blocking antibodies and chemicals. RESULTS: Crohn's disease muscularis propria cells produced an extracellular matrix scaffold which is in direct spatial and functional contact with the immediately overlaid creeping fat. The scaffold contained multiple proteins, but only fibronectin production was singularly upregulated by transforming growth factor-ß1. The muscle cell-derived matrix triggered migration of preadipocytes out of mesenteric fat, fibronectin being the dominant factor responsible for their migration. Blockade of α5ß1 on the preadipocyte surface inhibited their migration out of mesenteric fat and on 3D decellularised intestinal tissue extracellular matrix. CONCLUSION: Crohn's disease creeping fat appears to result from the migration of preadipocytes out of mesenteric fat and differentiation into adipocytes in response to an increased production of fibronectin by activated muscularis propria cells. These new mechanistic insights may lead to novel approaches for prevention of creeping fat-associated stricture formation.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/patologia , Movimento Celular , Doença de Crohn/patologia , Intestinos/patologia , Músculo Liso/patologia , Adipogenia/fisiologia , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Matriz Extracelular/patologia , Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Tecidos Suporte
5.
J Affect Disord ; 298(Pt A): 151-159, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715183

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is often accompanied with classic diurnal mood variation (DMV) symptoms. Patients with DMV symptoms feel a mood improvement and prefer activities at dusk or in the evening, which is consistent with the evening chronotype. Their neural alterations are unclear. In this study, we aimed to explore the neuropathological mechanisms underlying the circadian rhythm of mood and the association with chronotype in MDD. METHODS: A total of 126 depressed patients, including 48 with DMV, 78 without, and 67 age/gender-matched healthy controls (HC) were recruited and underwent a resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Spontaneous neural activity was investigated using amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and region of interest (ROI)-based functional connectivity (FC) analyses were conducted. The Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) was utilized to evaluate participant chronotypes and Pearson correlations were calculated between altered ALFF/FC values and MEQ scores in patients with MDD. RESULTS: Compared with NMV, DMV group exhibited lower MEQ scores, and increased ALFF values in the right orbital superior frontal gyrus (oSFG). We observed that increased FC between the left suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and supramarginal gyrus (SMG). ALFF in the oSFG and FC of rSCN-SMG were negatively correlated with MEQ scores. LIMITATION: Some people's chronotypes information is missing. CONCLUSION: Patients with DMV tended to be evening type and exhibited abnormal brain functions in frontal lobes. The synergistic changes between frontotemporal lobe, SCN-SMG maybe the characteristic of patients with DMV symptoms.

6.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 779693, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34887837

RESUMO

The present study was aimed to investigate the relationships between serum thyroid hormones (THs), frontal gray matter volume, and executive function in selected patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). One hundred and four MDD patients and seventy-five healthy controls (HCs) were subjected to thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free Triiodothyronine (fT3), free Thyroxine (fT4), and executive function tests and underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis was performed to compare group differences in the gray matter for the frontal lobe. Furthermore, mediation analysis was used to investigate whether gray matter volumes of the frontal gyrus mediated the relationship between serum THs and executive function in MDD patients. MDD patients exhibited significant gray matter volume reduction in several brain regions, including the left rectus, right middle frontal cortex, and left middle frontal cortex. Serum TSH levels are positively associated with altered regional gray matter volume patterns within MFG and executive function. Importantly, gray matter in the right MFG was a significant mediator between serum TSH levels and executive function. These findings expand our understanding of how thyroid function affects brain structure changes and executive function in MDD patients.

7.
BMC Pulm Med ; 21(1): 391, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34852800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality, and cesarean section is an established independent risk factor for PE. The diagnostic utility of D-dimer for PE in non-pregnant women has been well-established, but its role in women with suspected PE after cesarean section is unclear. Furthermore, the optimal threshold level in this patient population is unknown. Traditional D-dimer levels have low diagnostic specificity, resulting in many pregnant women being exposed to potentially harmful radiation despite negative diagnostic imaging results. This research aimed to optimize the clinical threshold for D-dimer to improve specificity while ensuring high sensitivity and to identify risk factors for PE after cesarean section. METHODS: This retrospective study of 289 women who underwent diagnostic imaging (ventilation/perfusion [V/Q] or computed tomographic pulmonary angiography [CTPA]) for suspected acute PE after cesarean delivery from 2010 to 2021 was conducted. Clinical data and laboratory indicators within 24 h postpartum including D-dimer levels were collected for analyses. RESULTS: The final analysis included 125 patients, among whom 33 were diagnosed with acute PE (incidence of 11.42%, 95% confidence interval 7.7-15.1). The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis suggested that a D-dimer cut-off value of 800 ng/mL had specificity of 25.26% and sensitivity of 100% for detecting PE. The cut-off value was adjusted to 1000 ng/mL with a specificity of 34.74% and a sensitivity of 96.67%. Using a D-dimer cut-off value of 800 ng/mL (instead of the conventional value of 500 ng/mL) increased the number of patients excluded from suspected PE from 9.6 to 18.4% without additional false-negative results. Of note, a history of known thrombophilia was significantly more common in patients with PE than in those without (P < 0.05). No other independent risk factors were noted in our study. CONCLUSIONS: The D-dimer cut-off value of 800 ng/mL ensures high sensitivity and increases specificity compared to the conventional threshold of 500 ng/mL. Utilizing this higher threshold can reduce the number of unnecessary CT and subsequently unnecessary radiation exposure, in women after cesarean delivery. Prospective studies should also be conducted to verify these results.

8.
Front Oncol ; 11: 736363, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34868924

RESUMO

Background and Objective: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide, and the DNA polymerase delta (POLD) family is significantly related to cancer prognosis. This study aimed to explore the significance of the POLD family in HCC via the DNA damage repair (DDR) pathway. Methods: Data mining was conducted using bioinformatics methods. RNA sequencing and clinicopathological data were collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas, GTEx database and the Gumz Renal cohort. Statistical analyses were also performed in cancer samples (n>12,000) and the Affiliated Hospital of Youjiang Medical University for Nationalities (AHYMUN, n=107) cohort. Results: The POLD family (POLD1-4) was identified as the most important functional component of the DDR pathway. Based on the analysis of independent cohorts, we found significantly elevated POLD expression in HCC compared with normal tissues. Second, we investigated the prognostic implication of elevated POLD1 expression in HCC and pan-cancers, revealing that increased POLD1 levels were correlated to worse prognoses for HCC patients. Additionally, we identified 11 hub proteins interacting closely with POLD proteins in base excision repair, protein-DNA complex and mismatch repair signaling pathways. Moreover, POLD1 mutation functioned as an independent biomarker to predict the benefit of targeted treatment. Importantly, POLD1 expression was associated with immune checkpoint molecules, including CD274, CD80, CD86, CTLA4, PDCD1 and TCGIT, and facilitated an immune-excluded tumor microenvironment. Additionally, we confirmed that elevated POLD1 expression was closely correlated with the aggressive progression and poor prognosis of HCC in the real-world AHYMUN cohort. Conclusion: We identified a significant association between elevated POLD1 expression and poor patient survival and immune-excluded tumor microenvironment of HCC. Together, these findings indicate that POLD1 provides a valuable biomarker to guide the molecular diagnosis and development of novel targeted therapeutic strategies for HCC patients.

9.
ChemMedChem ; 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34855308

RESUMO

In this study, we designed and synthesized twelve bitopic ligands as dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) agonists. The forskolin-induced cAMP accumulation assay revealed that all the finial compounds are able to activate D2R. Furthermore, compound 11b showed 21-fold higher potency than lead compound 2 and 17-fold higher subtype selectivity for D2R over D4R, indicating that the optimal length of spacer affects the D2R functionality. Molecular modeling study exhibited that 11b formed an electrostatic interaction and two H-bonds with amino acid ASP114, which contributes significantly to the D2R functional activity. Taken together, we discovered a bitopic ligand 11b as potent D2R agonist, which may be used as a tool compound for further study.

10.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 725764, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34900988

RESUMO

Background: As an important epigenetic modification, m6A methylation plays an essential role in post-transcriptional regulation and tumor development. It is urgently needed to comprehensively and rigorously explore the prognostic value of m6A regulators and its association with tumor microenvironment (TME) infiltration characterization of low-grade glioma (LGG). Methods: Based on the expression of 20 m6A regulatory factors, we comprehensively evaluated the m6A modification patterns of LGG after unsupervised clustering. Subsequent analysis of the differences between these groups was performed to obtain m6A-related genes, then consistent clustering was conducted to generate m6AgeneclusterA and m6AgeneclusterB. A Random Forest and machining learning algorithms were used to reduce dimensionality, identify TME characteristics and predict responses for LGG patients receiving immunotherapies. Results: Evident differential m6A regulators were found in mutation, CNV and TME characteristics of LGG. Based on TCGA and CGGA databases, we identified that m6A regulators clusterA could significantly predict better prognosis (p = 0.00016) which enriched in mTOR signaling pathway, basal transcription factors, accompanied by elevated immune cells infiltration, and decreased IDH and TP53 mutations. We also investigated the distribution of differential genes in m6A regulators clusters which was closely associated with tumor immune microenvironment through three independent cohort comparisons. Next, we established m6Ascore based on previous m6A model, which accurately predicts outcomes in 1089 LGG patients (p < 0.0001) from discovering cohort and 497 LGG patients from testing cohort. Significant TME characteristics, including genome heterogeneity, abidance of immune cells, and clinicopathologic parameters have been found between m6Ascore groups. Importantly, LGG patients with high m6Ascore are confronted with significantly decreased responses to chemotherapies, but benefit more from immunotherapies. Conclusion: In conclusion, this study first demonstrates that m6A modification is crucial participant in tumorigenesis and TME infiltration characterization of LGG based on large-scale cohorts. The m6Ascore provides useful and accurately predict of prognosis and clinical responses to chemotherapy, immunotherapy and therapeutic strategy development for LGG patients.

11.
ACS Omega ; 6(48): 32798-32808, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34901629

RESUMO

Dealkalization is the necessary step for the multipurpose use of red mud (RM), and acid leaching is a productive method to realize the dealkalization of RM. Most researches focus on recovering metals from the highly alkaline waste by pure acid leaching or stabilization by dealkalization. In this study, according to the strong alkalinity of RM and strong acidity of the waste acid from titanium dioxide production, the waste acid was used for the dealkalization of RM. The effects of leaching temperature, reaction time, the concentration of waste acid, liquid-solid ratio (L/S), and stirring rate on the dealkalization of RM were investigated, and the main metal ions in the dealkalization solution were analyzed. The results show that the leaching ratio of sodium can reach 92.3591% when the leaching temperature is 30 °C, the reaction time is 10 min, the concentration of waste acid is 0.6238 mol/L, the L/S is 4:1, and the stirring rate is 300 rpm. The residual alkali content in the treated RM is 0.2674%, which is a reduction to less than 1%. The phase analysis results show that the sodalite and cancrinite in RM are dissolved, decomposed, and transformed after acid leaching. Therefore, RM meets the requirements of building materials after dealkalization, which provides further development as building material products.

12.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(12)2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34947528

RESUMO

Realizing the anisotropic deep trenching of GaN without surface damage is essential for the fabrication of GaN-based devices. However, traditional dry etching technologies introduce irreversible damage to GaN and degrade the performance of the device. In this paper, we demonstrate a damage-free, rapid metal-assisted chemical etching (MacEtch) method and perform an anisotropic, deep trenching of a GaN array. Regular GaN microarrays are fabricated based on the proposed method, in which CuSO4 and HF are adopted as etchants while ultraviolet light and Ni/Ag mask are applied to catalyze the etching process of GaN, reaching an etching rate of 100 nm/min. We comprehensively explore the etching mechanism by adopting three different patterns, comparing a Ni/Ag mask with a SiN mask, and adjusting the etchant proportion. Under the catalytic role of Ni/Ag, the GaN etching rate nearby the metal mask is much faster than that of other parts, which contributes to the formation of deep trenches. Furthermore, an optimized etchant is studied to restrain the disorder accumulation of excessive Cu particles and guarantee a continuous etching result. Notably, our work presents a novel low-cost MacEtch method to achieve GaN deep etching at room temperature, which may promote the evolution of GaN-based device fabrication.

13.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 678185, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34917626

RESUMO

Background: Volatile anesthetic-induced agitation, also called paradoxical excitation, is not uncommon during anesthesia induction. Clinically, patients with agitation may lead to self-injury or disrupt the operative position, increasing the incidence of perioperative adverse events. The study was designed to investigate clinical features of sevoflurane-induced agitation and examined whether any gene polymorphisms can potentially be used to predict agitation. Methods: One hundred seventy-six patients underwent anesthesia induction with sevoflurane were included in this study. Frontal electroencephalogram (EEG), electromyography (EMG), and hemodynamics were recorded continuously during anesthesia induction. DNA samples were genotyped using the Illumina Infinium Asian Screening Array and the SNaPshot technology. Genetic association was analyzed by genome-wide association study. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the role of variables in the prediction of agitation. Results: Twenty-five (14.2%) patients experienced agitation. The depth of anesthesia index (Ai index) (p < 0.001), EMG (p < 0.001), heart rate (HR) (p < 0.001), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) (p < 0.001) rapidly increased during the agitation. EEG exhibited a shift toward high frequencies with spikes during agitation. The fast waves (alpha and beta) were more pronounced and the slow rhythms (delta) were less prominent during the occurrence of agitation. Moreover, three SNPs in the methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) gene were correlated to the susceptibility to agitation (p < 5.0 × 10-6). Carrying rs1801394 A > G (odds ratio 3.50, 95% CI 1.43-9.45) and/or rs2307116 G > A (3.31, 1.36-8.95) predicted a higher risk of agitation. Discussion: This study suggests that the agitation/paradoxical excitation induced by sevoflurane is characterized as increases in Ai index, EMG, HR and MAP, and the high frequency with spikes in EEG. Moreover, our results provide preliminary evidence for MTRR genetic polymorphisms, involving folate metabolism function, may be related to the susceptibility to agitation. Clinical Trial Number and Registry URL: ChiCTR1900026218; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=40655.

14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 24(1): 403-410, 2021 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34897315

RESUMO

Ion migration under light illumination or electric field could cause several complex phenomena, such as hysteresis, phase segregation, and interface passivation, in optoelectronic devices based on hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites. The high ionic conductivity of metal halide perovskites can be ascribed to the lower migration barrier of halide anions, which has been demonstrated to be inhibited by the large organic layer of two-dimensional perovskite structures. However, in all-inorganic two-dimensional perovskites, the diffusion mechanism of halide anions has not been comprehensively studied. Herein, we investigate the diffusion mechanism of halide anions in all-inorganic Ruddlesden-Popper (RP) halide perovskites by first-principles calculations. In these all-inorganic perovskites, the inorganic CsI layer can also prevent halide diffusion between the adjacent octahedral slabs via the vacancy-hopping mechanism. However, intercalation provides an additional diffusion channel for halide interstitials, which promote in-plane diffusion in RP perovskites. These results reveal the migration properties of halide vacancies and interstitials in all-inorganic RP perovskites, which would be beneficial for exploring their novel optoelectronic applications.

15.
Front Genet ; 12: 751977, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34950188

RESUMO

Increasing evidence indicates that DNA polymerase epsilon (POLE), which mediates DNA damage repair, is significantly associated with tumor prognosis. This study aimed to analyze POLE expression in tumor samples and its prognostic value for patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). We found significantly elevated POLE expression in ccRCC tissues compared with normal tissues of multiple independent cohorts. The POLE expression levels of 523 patients with ccRCC (The Cancer Genome Atlas RNA-seq data) and 179 patients with ccRCC with immunohistochemical data (Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center) were analyzed to investigate the prognostic implications of POLE expression. Cox regression analyses were implemented to explore the effect of POLE expression on the prognosis of pan-cancer. These findings revealed that elevated POLE expression levels significantly correlated with shorter overall survival (p < 0.001, n = 701) of patients with ccRCC. These data indicate that POLE expression may serve as a prognostic biomarker for cancers. Although POLE mutations were not significantly associated with survival benefits conferred upon patients with ccRCC, a CD4+ T cell-regulated immune microenvironment was significantly activated. Moreover, we found that POLE expression in cancers significantly correlated with an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, higher intratumoral heterogeneity, and expression of immune checkpoint genes PDCD1, CTLA4, and CD86, possibly mediated via the JAK/STAT and Notch signaling pathways. In conclusion, the present study is the first to our knowledge to indicate that elevated POLE expression is significantly associated with poor survival and an immune-suppressive tumor microenvironment in ccRCC. These findings suggest that POLE can serve as a biomarker for guiding molecular diagnosis and facilitating the development of novel individual therapeutic strategies for patients with advanced ccRCC.

16.
Mod Pathol ; 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839352

RESUMO

Gastric amphicrine carcinoma, in which endocrine and epithelial cell features are present within the same cells, is often confused with gastric mixed neuroendocrine-non-neuroendocrine neoplasm (MiNEN). In this study, we performed high-resolution copy number (CN) profiling and whole exome sequencing (WES) of formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues from eight gastric amphicrine carcinomas and compared the molecular features with those of the adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) components of eight gastric MiNENs. The most frequent high-level CN variant was a gain of 20q13.12-20q13.2, which was found in five gastric amphicrine carcinomas. Amplifications of MYT1, NTSR1, and ZBTB46 located in this region were demonstrated by qPCR and immunohistochemistry. The CN characteristics of gastric amphicrine carcinomas were different from those of MiNENs in hierarchical clustering analysis, suggesting that amphicrine carcinoma is a separate entity from MiNEN. Moreover, the CN level of C5 (complement C5) was higher in amphicrine carcinoma than in both the adenocarcinoma and the NEC component of MiNENs, suggesting that amphicrine carcinomas might benefit more from C5 inhibitors than MiNENs. WES showed frequent somatic mutations of TP53 (37.5%, 3/8) and APC (25.0%, 2/8) in amphicrine carcinoma. There were no specific mutation characteristics to distinguish amphicrine carcinoma from MiNEN. An integrated KEGG pathway analysis showed that the estrogen signaling pathway was enriched in amphicrine carcinomas, which might be associated with the high morbidity of male patients. In summary, our study revealed the unique CN and mutation characteristics of gastric amphicrine carcinoma and differentiated these characteristics from those of MiNENs. These data provide a foundation for further studies on the development and progression of amphicrine carcinoma.

17.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 728300, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776954

RESUMO

Sevoflurane can induce memory impairment during clinical anesthesia; however, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. TASK-3 channels are one of the potential targets of sevoflurane. Accumulating evidence supports a negative role of intracranial theta rhythms (4-12 Hz) in memory formation. Here, we investigated whether TASK-3 channels contribute to sevoflurane-induced memory impairment by regulating hippocampal theta rhythms. In this study, the memory performance of mice was tested by contextual fear conditioning and inhibitory avoidance experiments. The hippocampal local field potentials (LFPs) were recorded from chronically implanted electrodes located in CA3 region. The results showed that sevoflurane concentration-dependently impaired the memory function of mice, as evidenced by the decreased time mice spent on freezing and reduced latencies for mice to enter the shock compartment. Our electrophysiological results revealed that sevoflurane also enhanced the spectral power of hippocampal LFPs (1-30 Hz), particularly in memory-related theta rhythms (4-12 Hz). These effects were mitigated by viral-mediated knockdown of TASK-3 channels in the hippocampal CA3 region. The knockdown of hippocampal TASK-3 channels significantly reduced the enhancing effect of sevoflurane on hippocampal theta rhythms and alleviated sevoflurane-induced memory impairment. Our data indicate that sevoflurane can increase hippocampal theta oscillations and impair memory function via TASK-3 channels.

18.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 22542, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799608

RESUMO

Study on the form partitioning and content of heavy metals in soil particles with different sizes is crucial for preventing and controlling heavy metals pollution, but few studies regard soil contaminated by heavy metals as a homogeneous body. In this study (Fig. 1), goat manure, lime and phosphate were used to stabilize exogenous lead (Pb). These soil passivators' differential effects on total Pb and Pb with different chemical forms in soil particles of different sizes as well as Pb immobilization in soil were investigated. By passivation experiment in laboratory for 45 days, the passivation effect of the single and combined application treatments on exogenous Pb and partitioning characteristics were analyzed and compared. The characterization method of fine sand microstructure and mineral composition analysis was used. The results showed that the single application of P5 and combined application of LP5 had optimum passivation efficiency. The content of DTPA-Pb was reduced with P5 by 65.27% and the percentage of available Pb decreased significantly in soil particles of the four sizes. The content of TCLP-Pb and available Pb (weak acid extraction and reducible Pb) significantly decreased by 71.60 and 25.12% respectively after the application of LP5 in the original soil. Furthermore, most of the total Pb was enriched in coarse sand and clay, while its content was lower in fine sand and silt. The combined application treatment of GL5 significantly increased the content of weak acid extractable and reducible Pb in fine sand, silty sand and clay. Through SEM and XRD analysis, it was found that the diffraction peak of P5 treatment groups might be related to the formation of insoluble Pb that contained compounds, which were mainly mineral components, including quartz, feldspar and mica, and LP showed a big potential in the study on passivation of heavy metal Pb-contaminated soil in the natural environment. In conclusion, further studies on the different dosage and metal-contamination levels as well as different combination forms of passivators should be considered under natural conditions, the selection of suitable passivators according to soil texture is of great significance for remediation of Pb-contaminated soil.

19.
Chemosphere ; : 132934, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808199

RESUMO

Pseudomonas brassicacearum LZ-4 is a facultative anaerobic bacterium, can efficiently degrade naphthalene and reduce chromate simultaneously. In this study, we showed that the naphthalene degradation enzyme NahAa from P. brassicacearum LZ-4 can reduce Cr(VI). Heterologous expression in E. coli S17-1 along with RNA interference of NahAa in strain LZ-4 showed the enzyme can reduce chromate in vivo. In vitro, purified NahAa was identified and can catalyze Cr(VI) reduction by 64.2%. Flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) was identified as a cofactor of NahAa, which Cr(VI) could obtain electrons from NADH through NahAa-associated FAD for reduction. Immobilized NahAa on functional multi walled carbon nanotubes via physical adsorption method to produce a stable, high efficient composite MWCNT-NahAa. The maximum efficiency of MWCNT-NahAa composite was obtained in enzyme concentrations of 6 mg/mL and 20 min immobilization time. The optical reaction conditions for MWCNT-NahAa were pH 7.0 and 30 °C, still retaining 50% of its initial activities after five consecutive cycles. Application of composites in wastewater can reduce 90.4% Cr(VI), higher than free NahAa that was 63.5%. To our best knowledge, this is the first report immobilized enzyme in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons-degradation pathway for Cr(VI) wastewater treatment, providing a new insights on combined pollution remediation.

20.
Mol Microbiol ; 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34797006

RESUMO

Numerous transcription factors (TFs) in ascomycete fungi play crucial roles in cellular processes; however, how most of them function is poorly understood. Here, we identified and characterized a novel TF, CxrC (POX01387), acting downstream of the key TF CxrA, which is essential for plant-biomass-degrading-enzyme (PBDE) production in Penicillium oxalicum. Deletion of cxrC in P. oxalicum significantly affected the production of PBDEs, as well as mycelial growth and conidiospore production. CxrA directly repressed the expression of cxrC after about 12 hr following switch to Avicel culture. CxrC bound the promoters of major PBDE genes and genes involved in conidiospore development. CxrC was found to bind the TSSGTYR core sequence (S: C and G; Y: T and C; R: G and A) of the important cellulase genes cbh1 and eg1. Both N- and C-terminal peptides of CxrC and the CxrC phosphorylation were found to mediate its homodimerization. The conserved motif LPSVRSLLTP (65-74) in CxrC was found to be required for regulating cellulase production. This study reveals novel mechanisms of TF-mediated regulation of the expression of PBDE genes and genes involved in cellular processes in an ascomycete fungus.

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