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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(5): 1146-1155, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558544

RESUMO

Although autogenous nerve transplantation is the gold standard for treating peripheral nerve defects of considerable length, it still has some shortcomings, such as insufficient donors and secondary injury. Composite chitosan scaffolds loaded with controlled release of nerve growth factor can promote neuronal survival and axonal regeneration after short-segment sciatic nerve defects. However, the effects on extended nerve defects remain poorly understood. In this study, we used chitosan scaffolds loaded with nerve growth factor for 8 weeks to repair long-segment (20 mm) sciatic nerve defects in adult rats. The results showed that treatment markedly promoted the recovery of motor and sensory functions. The regenerated sciatic nerve not only reconnected with neurons but neural circuits with the central nervous system were also reconstructed. In addition, the regenerated sciatic nerve reconnected the motor endplate with the target muscle. Therefore, this novel biomimetic scaffold can promote the regeneration of extended sciatic nerve defects and reconstruct functional circuits. This provides a promising method for the clinical treatment of extended peripheral nerve injury. This study was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Capital Medical University, China (approval No. AEEI-2017-033) on March 21, 2017.

2.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 132120, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523462

RESUMO

Water environmental pollution caused by spent batteries is a nonignorable environmental issue. In this study, the early life stage of zebrafish was employed to assess the environmental risk of spent batteries after exposure to 0, 1%, 2%, 5% and 10% spent battery extract for 120 h. Our results clearly indicated that spent battery extract can significantly decrease the survival rate, hatching rate and body length and increase heart rate. Moreover, spent battery extract exposure-induced zebrafish larvae generate oxidative stress and inhibit the mRNA transcriptional levels of heat shock protein (HSP70) and metallothionein (MT) genes. These results showed that the spent batteries not only affected the survival and development performance of zebrafish at an early life stage but also caused oxidative stress and interfered with the detoxification of zebrafish. This study provided novel insight into spent battery induced toxicity in the early life stage of fish.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Embrião não Mamífero/metabolismo , Larva , Estresse Oxidativo , Extratos Vegetais , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
3.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt B): 118381, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673156

RESUMO

Colon microenvironment and microbiota dysbiosis are closely related to various human metabolic diseases. In this study, a total of 72 healthy female mice were exposed to fluoride (F) (0, 25, 50 and 100 mg/L F-) in drinking water for 70 days. The effect of F on intestinal barrier and the diversity and composition in colon microbiota have been evaluated. Meanwhile, the relationship among F-induced colon microbiota alterations and antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) expression and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) level also been assessed. The results suggested that F decreased the goblet cells number and glycoprotein expression in colon. And further high-throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing result demonstrated that F exposure induced the diversity and community composition of colonic microbiota significantly changes. Linear Discriminant Analysis Effect Size (LEfSe) analysis identified 11 predominantly characteristic taxa which may be the biomarker in response to F exposure. F-induced intestinal microbiota perturbations lead to the significantly decreased SCFAs levels in colon. Immunofluorescence results showed that F increased the protein expression of interleukin-17A (IL-17A) and IL-22 (P < 0.01) and disturbed the expression of interleukin-17 receptor A (IL-17RA) and IL-22R (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). In addition, the increased expression of IL-17A and IL-22 cooperatively enhanced the mRNA expression of AMPs which response to F-induced microbiota perturbations. Collectively, destroyed microenvironment and disturbed AMPs are the primary reason of microbiota dysbiosis in colon after F exposure. Colonic homoeostasis imbalance would be helpful for finding the source of F-induced chronic systemic diseases.


Assuntos
Disbiose , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Colo , Disbiose/induzido quimicamente , Feminino , Fluoretos , Camundongos , Proteínas Citotóxicas Formadoras de Poros , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 22070, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764388

RESUMO

The study of natural gas accumulation process in tight formation has become the focus of the petroleum industry. One of the priorities is the effects of interactions in natural gas/water/rock system on hydrocarbon migration and accumulation process. On the macroscopic scale, we investigate the interactions in natural gas/water/rock system by formation fluorescence test and production data analysis. One the microscopic scale, the mechanisms are revealed by mathematical analysis and experimental methods considering the variation of geological temperature and pressure. The effects of interactions in natural gas/water/rock system are also simulated by numerical simulation. The results are visualized and quantified. A novel semi-analytical method based on a physical experiment is proposed to calculate the temperature- and pressure-dependent contact angle and interface tension which reflect the interactions in the natural gas-water-rock system. This semi-analytical is embedded in the numerical simulation during the simulation of the natural gas charging process. The results indicate that with the increase of geological temperature and pressure, the contact angle will increase and the interface tension between natural gas and water will decrease. The capillary resistance in the formation will be reduced. Since the decrease of capillary resistance, the natural gas can be charged into smaller pores, so that the actual charging threshold is lower than the one originally obtained under present reservoir conditions. After considering the temperature and pressure during the accumulation process, some sand bodies that were thought not to be charged may have natural gas accumulate.

5.
Phytochemistry ; 193: 113011, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775270

RESUMO

Metabolites from fungi are a major source of natural small molecule drugs in addition to plants, while fungal derived terpenoids have been confirmed to have great potentials in many diseases. Aspergillus fungi are distributed in every corner of the earth, and their terpenoid metabolites exhibit promising diversity in term of both their chemistry and bioactivity. This review attempted to provide timely and comprehensive coverage of chemical, biosynthesis, and biological studies on terpenoids discovered from the genus Aspergillus, including mono-, sesqui-, di-, sester-, tri-, and meroterpenoids, in the last decade. The structural characteristics, biosynthesis, and pharmacological activities of 288 terpenoids were introduced.

6.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788040

RESUMO

High-fat diet (HFD) contributes to metabolic inflammation and glucose metabolism disorder, thereby resulting in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome. Accumulating evidence has revealed that some probiotics could improve HFD-induced metabolic inflammation and glucose metabolism disorder. Our previous study has discovered that Lactobacillus acidophilus NX2-6 exhibited in vitro lipid-lowering, antioxidative, and anti-inflammatory activities. This study mainly investigated whether L. acidophilus NX2-6 improved HFD-induced glucose metabolism disorder. The results exhibited that L. acidophilus NX2-6 effectively reduced blood glucose levels and improved glucose tolerance by activating the insulin signaling pathway, promoting glucose uptake, glycolysis, and intestinal gluconeogenesis and suppressing hepatic gluconeogenesis, independent of regulation of glycogen synthesis in the liver and muscle. Enhanced insulin sensitivity was associated with L. acidophilus NX2-6-mediated suppression of inflammatory cascades in the target organs. Meanwhile, L. acidophilus NX2-6 also improved hepatic energy metabolism via the FGF21/AMPKα/PGC-1α/NRF1 pathway. However, L. acidophilus NX2-6 did not affect apoptosis, pyroptosis, inflammation, and endoplasmic reticulum stress in the pancreas of HFD-fed mice. In conclusion, our results indicated that L. acidophilus NX2-6 improved glucose metabolism disorder through enhancing insulin sensitivity, suppressing metabolic inflammation, and promoting energy expenditure.

7.
QJM ; 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791451

RESUMO

Although percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) is a minimally invasive treatment procedure for the painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture, cement leakage into the venous system can occur and early detection and immediate management should be initiated despite the absence of clinical symptoms. We experienced a case of accidental finding of cement fragment extending from paravertebral vein into inferior vena cava and pulmonary artery. We have to be aware of cement leakage through the paravertebral venous drain system under fluorescence. It provided a classic image for cement leakage through the venous circulatory system.

8.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sulforaphane (SFN) is a kind of isothiocyanate from cruciferous vegetables with extensive anti-tumor activity. Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a popular malignancy in East Asia, East and South Africa, while the more efficient medicines and therapeutic strategies are still lack. This study aims to explore the anti-tumor activity of SFN alone and combined with Akt/mTOR pathway inhibitors as well as the potential molecular mechanism in ESCC. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cell proliferation, migration, cell cycle phase, apoptosis and protein expression were detected with MTT assay, clone formation experiment, wound healing assays, flow cytometry and Western blot, respectively, after ESCC cells ECa109 and EC9706 treated with SFN alone or combined with Akt/mTOR inhibitors. Xenograft models were used to evaluate the efficiency and mechanism of SFN combined with PP242 in vivo. The results showed that SFN significantly inhibited the viability and induced apoptosis of ECa109 and EC9706 cells by increasing expression of Cleaved-caspase 9. SFN combined with PP242, but not MK2206 and RAD001, synergetic inhibited proliferation of ESCC cells. Moreover, compared to SFN alone, combination of SFN and PP242 had stronger inhibiting efficiency on clone formation, cell migratory, cell cycle phase and growth of xenografts, as well as the more powerful apoptosis-inducing effects on ESCC. The mechanism was that PP242 abrogated the promoting effects of SFN on p-p70S6K (Thr389) and p-Akt (Ser473) in ESCC. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that PP242 enhances the anti-tumor activity of SFN by blocking SFN-induced activation of Akt/mTOR pathway in ESCC, which provides a rationale for treating ESCC using SFN combined with Akt/mTOR pathway inhibitors.

9.
ACS Omega ; 6(42): 28254-28262, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723022

RESUMO

In this study, average structural characteristics of amber were researched and used as an example to establish the three-dimensional (3D) average structure of resin. Two coal samples containing solid amber were collected from Fushun and Hunchun in Northeast China, from which pure amber samples were separated and resin was extracted. Solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (13C NMR) spectroscopy was used to obtain structural information of amber, and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry was performed on the resins to determine their molecular mass. The results of these studies revealed that the average structure of amber was dominated by cycloalkane, with a small amount of aromatic carbon, and there were almost no aliphatic chains in the structure. The molecular masses of the compounds in the resin were mainly in the range 99-750 Da, and the average molecular mass was ∼370 Da. To characterize the resin chemical structure, two 3D molecular models based on density functional theory were established taking amber as the example, and the relevant molecular bond energies were calculated. Based on these models, the interactions among the components in oil were studied, and the binding energies of the different molecules were calculated. In summary, in this study, amber was used as a medium to establish an accurate molecular model of resin and proved that compared to hydrocarbon compounds, resin molecules were more likely to interact with bitumen.

10.
ACS Omega ; 6(42): 28347-28355, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723031

RESUMO

Metal/semiconductor hybrids show potential application in fields of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) and photocatalysis due to their excellent light absorption, electric field, and charge-transfer properties. Herein, a WO3-Au metal/semiconductor hybrid, which was a WO3 nanobrick decorated with Au nanoparticles, was prepared via a facile hydrothermal method. The WO3-Au hybrids show excellent visible light absorption, strong plasmon coupling, high-performance SERS, and good photocatalytic activity. In particular, on sensing rhodamine B (RhB) under 532 nm excitation, bare WO3 nanobricks have a Raman enhancement factor of 2.0 × 106 and a limit of detection of 10-8 M due to the charger-transfer property and abundant oxygen vacancies. WO3-Au metal/semiconductor hybrids display a largely improved Raman enhancement factor compared to pure Au and WO3 components owing to the synergistic effect of electromagnetic enhancement and charge transfer. The Raman enhancement factor and limit of detection are further improved, reaching 5.3 × 108 and 10-12 M, respectively, on increasing the content of Au to 2.1 wt %, owing to the strong plasmon coupling between the Au nanoparticles. Additionally, the WO3-Au hybrids also exhibit excellent photocatalytic activity toward degradation of RhB under visible light irradiation. WO3-Au (2.1 wt %) possesses the fastest photocatalytic rate, which is 6.1 and 2.0 times that of pure WO3 nanobricks and commercial P25, respectively. The enhanced photocatalytic activity is attributed to the strong plasmon coupling and the efficient charge transfer between Au and WO3 nanobricks. The as-prepared materials show great potential in detecting and degrading pollutants in environmental treatment.

11.
J Exp Bot ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758079

RESUMO

Whether photosynthesis has improved with increasing yield in major crops remains controversial. Research in this area has often neglected to account for differences in light intensity experienced by cultivars released in different years. Light intensity is expected to be positively associated with photosynthetic capacity and resistance of the photosynthetic apparatus to high light but negatively associated with light utilization efficiency under low light. Here, we analyzed the light environment, photosynthetic activity, and protein components of leaves of 26 winter wheat cultivars released during the past 60 years in China. Over time, light levels on flag leaves significantly decreased due to architectural changes, but photosynthetic rates under high or low light and the resistance of the photosynthetic apparatus to high light remained steady, contrary to expectations. We propose that the difference between the actual and expected trends is due to breeding. Specifically, breeding has optimized photosynthetic performance under high light rather than low light. Moreover, breeding selectivity altered the stoichiometry of several proteins related to dynamic photosynthesis, canopy light distribution, and photoprotection. These results indicate that breeding has significantly altered the photosynthetic mechanism in wheat and its response to the light environment. These changes likely have helped increase wheat yields.

12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(20): 5382-5392, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738442

RESUMO

To investigate the changes of bile acid(BA) levels in mice with sleep deprivation and the regulatory effect of Jiaotai Pills(JTP) on bile acid metabolism, this study established an ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous determination of 23 BAs in mice. A total of 24 ICR mice were randomized into normal group, model group, and JTP group. Mice in the model group and JTP group were deprived of sleep at 20 h·d~(-1) by sleep deprivation apparatus for 8 consecutive days. Mice in the JTP group were given(ig, qd) JTP 3.3 g·kg~(-1) and those in the normal group and model group received(ig) the same volume of purified water. UPLC conditions are as follows: Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 µm), gradient elution with the mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid in water-methanol. MS conditions are as below: negative-ion electrospray ionization, multiple reaction monitoring(MRM). Thereby, the content of 23 BAs in serum, liver, and ileum was determined and methodological investigation of the method was performed. The results showed that 23 BAs could be accurately determined within 15 min and the correlation coefficients were all higher than 0.99. The precision, accuracy, specificity, reproducibility, matrix effect, and recovery of BAs all met the requirement. The levels of BAs were significantly increased in the serum, liver, and ileum of sleep-deprived mice, but JTP can significantly reduce the levels. The UPLC-MS/MS method is simple, rapid, and accurate, which can be used for the determination of 23 BAs in biological samples, and JTP can adjust the elevated BA levels of sleep-deprived mice.


Assuntos
Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sono
13.
Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; : 1-14, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752187

RESUMO

Paired-like homeobox 2B (PHOX2B) is a highly sensitive and specific biomarker for diagnosing neuroblastoma, as well as detecting minimal residual disease in neuroblastoma. The clinical significance of PHOX2B expression in bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB) samples of newly diagnosed patients with very low-, low- and intermediate-risk neuroblastoma remains unknown, to the best of our knowledge. The expression level of PHOX2B in paired BM and PB samples of patients with newly diagnosed neuroblastoma was validated using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RTqPCR). Among the 132 patients, 26 exhibited a positive PHOX2B expression BM (19.7%) and 11 in PB (8.3%) samples. PHOX2B was highly expressed in BM and PB samples from patients aged <18 months, with International Neuroblastoma Risk Group Staging System stages M and MS, 1p loss of heterozygosity, and high levels of lactate dehydrogenase, serum ferritin and neuron-specific enolase (p < 0.05). In all eligible patients, the 2-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 94.7 ± 2.0% and 97.7 ± 1.3%, respectively. However, the 2-year EFS rates were significantly decreased to 76.9 ± 8.3% and 63.6 ± 14.5% in patients with a positive PHOX2B expression in BM and PB samples, respectively (p < 0.05). Similarly, the 2-year OS rates were also decreased to 88.5 ± 6.3% and 81.8 ± 11.6% in patients with a positive PHOX2B expression in BM and PB samples, respectively (p < 0.05). In conclusion, a positive PHOX2B expression in BM and PB samples at diagnosis had a strong adverse prognostic effect on patients with non-high-risk neuroblastoma.

14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(19): 5038-5043, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738399

RESUMO

This study intends to develop a high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection(HPLC-DAD) method for simultaneous determination of chlorogenic acid, 2-hydroxymethyl-3-hydroxyl-1-butene-4-O-ß-D-(6″-O-caffeoyl)-glucopyranoside, pubescenoside B, huazhongilexone-7-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside, rutin, isochlorogenic acid B, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid C in Ilex hainanensis. The HPLC conditions are as follows: Waters XBridge C_(18 )column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 µm), mobile phase of 0.5% formic acid in water(A)-acetonitrile(B), gradient elution(0-8 min, 5%-12% B; 8-18 min, 12%-18% B; 18-30 min, 18%-25% B; 30-40 min, 25%-30% B; 40-42 min, 30%-80% B; 42-45 min, 80% B) at the flow rate of 0.8 mL·min~(-1), detection wavelengths of 282, 324, and 360 nm, column temperature of 25 ℃, and injection volume of 5 µL. The content of the 8 phenols in 8 samples was 0.30-6.29, 0.29-3.27, 0.15-10.4, 0.51-5.85, 0.49-9.02, 0.51-4.68, 1.93-13.4, and 0.87-5.95 mg·g~(-1), respectively. Moreover, the content of phenols in the samples collected in October was higher than that of samples harvested in other months. The established method is accurate and sensitive for the determination of phenols in I. hainanensis, which is useful for the quality improvement of this herbal medicine.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ilex , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Fenóis
15.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt C): 127509, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736185

RESUMO

Antibiotic residues from animal manure cause soil pollution and can pose a threat to soil animals. In this study, the toxicological effects of fluoroquinolone antibiotics on Enchytraeus crypticus, including defence response, gut microbiome, and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), were studied. The cytochrome P450 enzyme activity and reactive oxygen species levels increased, activating the defense response. The superoxide dismutase and glutathione S-transferase activity, and the expression of immune defense molecules such as coelomic cytolytic factor, lysozyme, bactericidal protein fetidins and lysenin changed. Furthermore, the diversity of the gut microbiome decreased, and the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes decreased significantly at the phylum level but increased in pathogenic and antibiotic-secreting bacteria (Rhodococcus and Streptomyces) at the genus level. However, the soil microbiome was not significantly different from that of the control group. The relative abundance of ARGs in the gut and soil microbiome significantly increased with enrofloxacin concentration, and the fluoroquinolone ARGs were significantly increased in both the soil (20.85-fold, p < 0.001) and gut (11.72-fold, p < 0.001) microbiomes. Subtypes of ARGs showed a positive correlation with Rhodococcus, which might increase the risk of disease transmission and the probability of drug-resistant pathogens. Furthermore, mobile genetic elements significantly promote the spread of ARGs.

16.
Environ Pollut ; 293: 118523, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34793912

RESUMO

Carbendazim (CBZ), a broad-spectrum pesticide frequently detected in fruits and vegetables, could trigger potential toxic risks to mammals. To facilitate the assessment of health risks, this study aimed to characterize the cytochrome P450 (CYPs)-mediated metabolism profiles of CBZ by a combined experimental and computational study. Our results demonstrated that CYPs-mediated region-selective hydroxylation was a major metabolism pathway for CBZ in liver microsomes from various species including rat, mouse, minipig, dog, rabbit, guinea pig, monkey, cow and human, and the metabolite was biosynthesized and well-characterized as 6-OH-CBZ. CYP1A displayed a predominant role in the region-selective hydroxylation of CBZ that could attenuate its toxicity through converting it into a less toxic metabolite. Meanwhile, five other common pesticides including chlorpyrifos-methyl, prochloraz, chlorfenapyr, chlorpyrifos, and chlorothalonil could significantly inhibit the region-selective hydroxylation of CBZ, and consequently remarkably increased CBZ exposure in vivo. Furthermore, computational study clarified the important contribution of the key amino acid residues Ser122, and Asp313 in CYP1A1, as well as Asp320 in CYP1A2 to the hydroxylation of CBZ through hydrogen bonds. These results would provide some useful information for the metabolic profiles of CBZ by mammalian CYPs, and shed new insights into CYP1A-mediated metabolic detoxification of CBZ and its health risk assessment.

17.
Org Lett ; 23(23): 9256-9261, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802247

RESUMO

We present herein a visible-light-induced [3 + 2] cycloaddition of a hypervalent iodine(III) reagent with α-ketoacids for the construction of 5-CF3-1,3,4-oxadiazoles that are of importance in medicinal chemistry. The reaction proceeds smoothly without a photocatalyst, metal, or additive under mild conditions. Different from the well-established trifluorodiazoethane (CF3CHN2), the diazotrifluoroethyl radical [CF3C(·)N2], a trifluoroethylcarbyne (CF3CC:) equivalent and an unusual CF3-containing building block, is involved in the present reaction system.

18.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1278, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whereas there are many pharmacological interventions prescribed for patients with advanced anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)- rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), comparative data between novel generation ALK-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) remain scant. Here, we indirectly compared the efficacy and safety of first-line systemic therapeutic options used for the treatment of ALK-rearranged NSCLC. METHODS: We included all phase 2 and 3 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing any two or three treatment options. Eligible studies reported at least one of the following outcomes: progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), objective response rate (ORR), or adverse events of grade 3 or higher (Grade ≥ 3 AEs). Subgroup analysis was conducted according to central nervous system (CNS) metastases. RESULTS: A total of 9 RCTs consisting of 2484 patients with 8 treatment options were included in the systematic review. Our analysis showed that alectinib (300 mg and 600 mg), brigatinib, lorlatinib and ensartinib yielded the most favorable PFS. Whereas there was no significant OS or ORR difference among the ALK-TKIs. According to Bayesian ranking profiles, lorlatinib, alectinib 600 mg and alectinib 300 mg had the best PFS (63.7%), OS (35.9%) and ORR (37%), respectively. On the other hand, ceritinib showed the highest rate of severe adverse events (60%). CONCLUSION: Our analysis indicated that alectinib and lorlatinib might be associated with the best therapeutic efficacy in first-line treatment for major population of advanced NSCLC patients with ALK-rearrangement. However, since there is little comparative evidence on the treatment options, there is need for relative trials to fully determine the best treatment options as well as the rapidly evolving treatment landscape.

19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 227: 112883, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653941

RESUMO

Arsenic (As) in the aquatic environment is a considerable environmental issue, previous studies have reported the toxic effects of low concentrations (≤ 150 µg/L) of As on fish. However, limited information is available regarding the impact of low levels of As on apoptosis. To evaluate this, zebrafish embryos were exposed to different concentrations (0, 25, 50, 75, and 150 µg/L) of As (arsenite [AsIII] and arsenate [AsV]) for 120 h. Our results indicated that low concentrations of AsIII exposure significantly inhibited the survival of zebrafish larvae, and significantly increased the transcription of Caspase-9 and Caspase-3, the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 transcription, and protein levels of Caspase-3. In contrast, AsV decreased the ratios of Bax/Bcl-2 transcription and protein levels, as well as protein levels of Caspase-3. Our data demonstrated that AsIII and AsV exert different toxic effects, AsIII induced apoptosis via the mitochondrial pathway and the extrinsic pathway, while AsV induced apoptosis only via the mitochondrial pathway.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Animais , Apoptose , Arseniatos/toxicidade , Arsênio/toxicidade , Larva , Peixe-Zebra
20.
ACS Nano ; 15(10): 16242-16254, 2021 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623793

RESUMO

Water-soluble red afterglow imaging agents based on ecofriendly nanomaterials have potential application in time-gated afterglow bioimaging due to their larger penetration depth and nondurable excitation. Herein, red afterglow imaging agents consisted of Rhodamine B (RhB) and carbon nanodots (CNDs) have been designed and demonstrated. In these agents, CNDs act as energy donors, and RhB acts as an energy acceptor. Both of them are confined into a hydrophilic silica shell to form a CNDs-RhB@silica nanocomposite. The phosphorescence emission spectrum of the CNDs and the absorption spectrum of the RhB match well, and efficient energy transfer from the CNDs to the RhB via Förster resonant energy transfer process can be achieved, with a transfer efficiency can reach 99.2%. Thus, the as-prepared nanocomposite can emit a red afterglow in aqueous solution, and the afterglow spectrum of CNDs-RhB@silica nanocomposite can extend to the first near-infrared window (NIR-I). The luminescence lifetime and afterglow quantum yield (QY) of the CNDs-RhB@silica can reach 0.91 s and 3.56%, respectively, which are the best results in red afterglow region. Time-gated in vivo afterglow imaging has been demonstrated by using the CNDs-RhB@silica as afterglow agents.


Assuntos
Carbono , Nanoestruturas , Transferência de Energia , Luminescência , Água
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