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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 282: 114629, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517062

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: 'Ershiwuwei Shanhu' Pill (ESP) is a classic Tibetan medicine to treat neurological disorders in nervous system, especially for neurological pains and epilepsy. It contains many Tibet-specific mineral medicines, among which Halloysite (Halloysitum rubrum, HR) was regarded as the main active one. As mineral medicines contain heavy metals with poor solubility, the doubts about its safety restricted its clinical application and further development. AIM OF THE STUDY: A 7-day acute toxicity of ESP and its main active mineral medicine HR was systematically studied for investigating the safety of ESP and exploring the role of HR in ESP's potential toxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the acute oral toxicity assessment of formula-ESP and HR were performed on rats for 7 days at doses equivalent to 10 (1 g/kg) and 40 times (4 g/kg) the typical clinical dose (0.1 g/kg). 1H NMR based metabolomics profiling, aided with biochemical analysis and histopathology, was conducted to explore the global metabolic changes in the livers and kidneys of the administrated rats. RESULTS: High-dose HR caused oxidative stress, energy metabolism disorders, purine metabolism impairments and amino acid metabolism imbalance in rats, resulting in hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity, which in accordance with the increased biochemical index in blood (ALT, AST, BUN and CRE). ESP (low-dose) induced metabolites changes were far more less than HR in livers, showcasing the distinct advantage of formula in reducing toxicity. Furthermore, low-dose ESP disturbed renal metabolism in a way similar to high-dose HR, which implies that HR might be the major source of the potential nephrotoxicity of ESP. CONCLUSION: HR exhibited potential hepatoxicity and nephrotoxicity, but the formula- 'Ershiwuwei Shanhu' Pill which contains HR is considered relatively safe.

2.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 736906, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603212

RESUMO

Female moths use sex pheromones to attract males, and corresponding regulatory mechanism underlying sex pheromone biosynthesis is species-dependent. However, the detailed mechanism involved in sex pheromone biosynthesis in Ostrinia furnacalis has not yet been fully addressed. In the present study, transcriptome sequencing of O. furnacalis pheromone glands screened a serials of candidate genes involved in sex pheromone biosynthesis. Our analysis showed that sex pheromone release in O. furnacalis females arrives its peak at the 2nd scotophase, consistent with its mating behavior. Pheromone biosynthesis-activating neuropeptide (PBAN) was confirmed to regulate sex pheromone biosynthesis, and Ca2+ is the secondary messenger of PBAN signaling in O. furnacalis. The functional analysis of candidate genes demonstrated that the decreased mRNA levels or activities of calcineurin (CaN) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) led to significant decrease in sex pheromone production and female capability to attract males, as demonstrated by RNAi-mediated knockdown and pharmacological inhibitor assay. Most importantly, the activities of CaN and ACC depend on the activation of PBAN/PBANR/Ca2+. Furthermore, fatty-acyl reductase 14 was involved in PBAN-mediated sex pheromone biosynthesis. Altogether, our results demonstrated that PBAN regulates sex pheromone biosynthesis through PBANR/Ca2+/CaN/ACC pathway to promote sex pheromone biosynthesis in O. furnacalis and provided a reference for non-model organism to study neuropeptide signal transduction.

3.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490900

RESUMO

Plant root morphology is constantly reshaped in response to triggers from the soil environment. Such modifications in root system architecture involve changes in the abundance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the apoplast and in cell wall (CW) composition. The hybrid proline-rich proteins (HyPRPs) gene family in higher plants is considered important in the regulation of CW structure. However, the functions of HyPRPs remain to be characterized. We therefore analysed the functions of OsR3L1 (Os04g0554500) in rice. qRT-PCR and GUS staining revealed that OsR3L1 is expressed in roots. While the r3l1 mutants had a defective root system with fewer adventitious roots (ARs) and lateral roots (LRs) than the wild type, lines overexpressing OsR3L1 (R3L1-OE) showed more extensive LR formation but with a shorter root length. The expression of OsR3L1 was initiated by the OsMADS25 transcription factor. Moreover, the abundance of OsR3L1 transcripts was increased by NaCl. The R3L1-OE-3 line exhibited enhanced salt tolerance, whereas the r3l1-2 mutant showed greater salt sensitivity. The addition of H2 O2 increased the levels of OsR3L1 transcripts. Data are presented indicating that OsR3L1 modulates H2 O2 accumulation in the apoplast. We conclude that OsR3L1 regulates salt tolerance through regulation of peroxidases and apoplastic H2 O2 metabolism.

4.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(39): 8300-8307, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518860

RESUMO

Second near-infrared (NIR-II) absorbing organic photothermal agents (PTAs) usually suffer from laborious and time-consuming synthesis; therefore, it is of importance to develop a simple and easy-to-handle method for the preparation of NIR-II PTAs. Charge-transfer complexes (CTCs) can be easily used to construct NIR-II absorbing PTAs, although the relationship between their molecular structure and photophysical properties is yet to be uncovered. Herein, three kinds of electron donors with different substitutions (chloroethyl, ethyl, and methyl) were synthesized and assembled with electron-deficient F4TCNQ to afford corresponding CTC nanoparticles (Cl-F4, Et-F4, and Me-F4 NPs). The large energy gap (>0.61 eV) between HOMO of the donor and LUMO of the acceptor made the CTCs exhibit high charge transfer (>0.93) and dramatic differences in photophysical properties. Additionally, Et-F4 NPs possess the highest NIR-II absorption ability and best photothermal effect because of different packing modes (mass extinction coefficient of 11.0 L g-1 cm-1 and photothermal conversion efficiency of 40.2% at 1060 nm). The mixed stacking mode formed strong charge-transfer absorption bands, indicating that the photophysical properties of CTCs can be tailored by changing the molecular structure and aggregate behaviors. Furthermore, Et-F4 NPs with cyano groups could specifically react with cysteine to block the intracellular biosynthesis of GSH and result in ROS accumulation and ferroptosis. Et-F4 NPs possess outstanding antitumor efficacy for the combined actions of NIR-II triggered photothermal killing effect and ferroptosis in vivo.

5.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 221: 112452, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198186

RESUMO

Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) is one of the most destructive pests worldwide. Due to resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis and conventional insecticides, an effective management strategy to control this pest is urgently needed. Spinosad, a natural pesticide, is considered an alternative; however, the mechanism underlying the developmental effects of sublethal spinosad exposure remains elusive. In this study, the mechanism was examined using an insect model of H. armigera. Results confirmed that exposure to sublethal spinosad led to reduced larval wet weight, delayed larval developmental period, caused difficulty in molting, and deformed pupae. Further investigation demonstrated that exposure to sublethal spinosad caused a significant decrease in 20E titer and increase in JH titer, thereby leading to the discordance between 20E and JH titers, and consequently alteration in the expression levels of HR3 and Kr-h1. These results suggested that sublethal spinosad caused hormonal disorders in larvae, which directly affect insect development. Our study serves as a reference and basis for the toxicity evaluation of spinosad on molting and pupation in insect metamorphosis, which may contribute to identifying targets for effective control of cotton bollworm.


Assuntos
Inseticidas/toxicidade , Macrolídeos/toxicidade , Mariposas/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Combinação de Medicamentos , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Muda/efeitos dos fármacos , Mariposas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pupa/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Nanotechnology ; 32(43)2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34280904

RESUMO

Semiconductor-based photocatalytic technology, as a green and promising avenue in response to the abuse of antibiotic pollution and human health crisis, is restricted by the limited photo-absorption and fast recombination of photogenerated carriers. In this paper, all these challenges were settled by AgBr particles incorporated into oxygen-deficient BiOBr nanosheets, forming novel oxygen vacancy (OV)-rich 2D/0D Z-scheme heterojunctions. Z-scheme photocatalytic system has an effective separation rate of photogenerated carriers and an ability to maintain original redox capacity. Moreover, introducing OVs in the Z-scheme can not only improve the visible light absorption ability, but also serve as recombination centers, thus promoting the separation of electrons and holes. Notably, the photocatalytic activity of 2D/0D BiO1-XBr/AgBr (2:1) was significantly improved under the irradiation of visible light, removing 81% of tetracycline after 25 min, which was about 2.62 times and 2.03 times as high as those of BiO1-XBr and AgBr, respectively. In addition, the 2D/0D BiO1-XBr/AgBr (2:1) indicated high photocatalytic stability and reusability, and its tetracycline degradation efficiency remained stable after five cycles. In summary, this work suggests that the photocatalysts have a great potential to remove TC and provides a possible strategy for purifying water.

7.
Pain Physician ; 24(5): E555-E563, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quadratus lumborum (QL) block has shown promising analgesic efficacy in the adult population in previous meta-analyses. However, the response of the pediatric group to pain stimulation is stronger than that in the adult population, and the management of pediatric pain is constrained by limited available analgesia agents. All data analyzed during this study are collected from published articles. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our systematic review was to evaluate whether QL block is also an effective postoperative analgesic technique, compared to other analgesic skills in pediatric patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A meta-analysis. METHODS: We identified randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Science Direct to compare QL block with other analgesic methods for relief of postoperative pain in pediatric patients undergoing lower abdominal surgeries under general anesthesia. The primary outcome was the rate of postoperative rescue analgesia; secondary outcomes include: pain scores at 30 minutes and 1, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 hours postoperatively, patient satisfaction, and block related complications. RESULTS: A total of 7 studies with 346 patients were included. QL block showed a significant reduction in the rate of postoperative rescue analgesia in the first 24 hours (RR = 0.41; 95% CI = 0.28 to 0.59; P < 0.001) compared to other analgesic techniques, without significant heterogeneity among the articles (I2 = 49%, P = 0.08). Compared with other analgesic methods, QL block significantly reduced the pain scores at 2 hours (Std.MD = -0.76; 95% CI = -1.16 to -0.35; P < 0.001) (I2 < 0.001%, P = 0.41), 4 hours (Std.MD = -0.34; 95% CI = -0.67 to -0.01; P = 0.04) (I2 < 0.001%, P = 0.53) and 12 hours postoperatively (Std.MD = -0.95; 95% CI = -1.44 to -0.47; P < 0.001) (I2 = 27%, P = 0.24). No significant differences were found between techniques at 30 minutes and 1, 6, or 24 hours postoperatively (P > 0.05). There was no statistically significant change in patient satisfaction (Std.MD = 0.49; 95% CI = -0.32 to 1.29; P = 0.24) or side effects (RD = -0.02; 95% CI = -0.06 to 0.02; P = 0.31) with QL block. LIMITATIONS: The major limitation of this meta-analysis is the relatively few RCTs and limited results included. Similarly, the differences in block approaches among the control groups (TAP, ESP, caudal block, opioid-based analgesia), drug types and concentrations, and multimodal analgesia programs led to considerable heterogeneity. Furthermore, some relevant outcomes were not investigated. CONCLUSION: Our systematic review and meta-analysis suggests QL block use for the pediatric population undergoing lower abdominal surgery, based on the current limited research evidence, as this method was an effective postoperative analgesic technique.

8.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(23): 4726-4734, 2021 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34095946

RESUMO

The proportion of Fe2+ and Fe3+ in Fe-based nanozymes is a key point in determining their catalytic activity. However, it is hard to adjust the Fe2+/Fe3+ ratio in nanozyme systems to achieve the best catalytic performance. In this work, we successfully regulate Fe2+/Fe3+ ratios in a wide range of 0.81-1.45 based on a novel porous platform of Fe doped silica hollow spheres. The homogeneous distribution and stable fixation of Fe components in Fe doped silica hollow spheres facilitate the valence regulation of Fe in the reduction heating in H2/Ar. When the Fe doped spheres (FeOx@SHSs) were used as nanozymes, different Fe2+/Fe3+ ratios have shown to influence the peroxidase-like catalytic activity greatly. The highest activity at the ratio of 1.41 should be due to the combined effects of the accelerated reaction rate by Fe2+ and the enhanced catalytic cycle efficiency by Fe3+. The FeOx@SHSs-based nanozyme is further applied to construct a facile colorimetric biosensing system, which exhibited extremely sensitive determination of glucose. This work presents an effective platform for controlling Fe valences and optimizing the peroxidase-like activity for catalytic processes or sensing systems.


Assuntos
Colorimetria/métodos , Glucose/análise , Ferro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Peroxidases/química , Limite de Detecção , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Temperatura
9.
Epilepsy Res ; 175: 106682, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102392

RESUMO

Sodium (Na+) channels are the basis for action potential generation and propagation, which play a key role in the regulation of neuronal excitability. SCN3A is a gene encoding for sodium channel protein type 3 subunit alpha (or known as Nav1.3). This study aimed to explore SCN3A genetic variants in a cohort of childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) via whole exome sequencing. A novel SCN3A missense variant (c.A1816G, p.Ser606Gly) was identified in a patient with CAE. This variant had not been reported in both 1000G and ExAC databases. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that this variant was pathogenic and could transform the protein structure of Nav1.3. The reported phenotypes of SCN3A-related central nerve system disorders included multiple seizure types, polymicrogyria and different degrees of developmental delay/intellectual disability. The patient with p.Ser606Gly variant exhibited typical absence seizures. The MRI and CT scan results were normal, and EEG showed that 3-Hz spike-slow wave discharges. In conclusion, our findings not only broaden the pathogenic spectrum of SCN3A, but also extend the clinical phenotypes of SCN3A-related CAE.

10.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(13): 1561-1568, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34133350

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Delivery room resuscitation assists preterm infants, especially extremely preterm infants (EPI) and extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI), in breathing support, while it potentially exerts a negative impact on the lungs and outcomes of preterm infants. This study aimed to assess delivery room resuscitation and discharge outcomes of EPI and ELBWI in China. METHODS: The clinical data of EPI (gestational age [GA] <28 weeks) and ELBWI (birth weight [BW] <1000 g), admitted within 72 h of birth in 33 neonatal intensive care units from five provinces and cities in North China between 2017 and 2018, were analyzed. The primary outcomes were delivery room resuscitation and risk factors for delivery room intubation (DRI). The secondary outcomes were survival rates, incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and risk factors for BPD. RESULTS: A cohort of 952 preterm infants were enrolled. The incidence of DRI, chest compressions, and administration of epinephrine was 55.9% (532/952), 12.5% (119/952), and 7.0% (67/952), respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that the risk factors for DRI were GA <28 weeks (odds ratio [OR], 3.147; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.082-4.755), BW <1000 g (OR, 2.240; 95% CI, 1.606-3.125), and antepartum infection (OR, 1.429; 95% CI, 1.044-1.956). The survival rate was 65.9% (627/952) and was dependent on GA. The rate of BPD was 29.3% (181/627). Multivariate analysis showed that the risk factors for BPD were male (OR, 1.603; 95% CI, 1.061-2.424), DRI (OR, 2.094; 95% CI, 1.328-3.303), respiratory distress syndrome exposed to ≥2 doses of pulmonary surfactants (PS; OR, 2.700; 95% CI, 1.679-4.343), and mechanical ventilation ≥7 days (OR, 4.358; 95% CI, 2.777-6.837). However, a larger BW (OR, 0.998; 95% CI, 0.996-0.999), antenatal steroid (OR, 0.577; 95% CI, 0.379-0.880), and PS use in the delivery room (OR, 0.273; 95% CI, 0.160-0.467) were preventive factors for BPD (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Improving delivery room resuscitation and management of respiratory complications are imperative during early management of the health of EPI and ELBWI.


Assuntos
Displasia Broncopulmonar , Recém-Nascido de Peso Extremamente Baixo ao Nascer , Peso ao Nascer , China/epidemiologia , Salas de Parto , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez
11.
Am J Emerg Med ; 46: 1-9, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684726

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate whether ultrasound-guided techniques are superior compared to traditional palpation techniques in patients undergoing radial artery catheterization (RAC). METHODS: Electronic databases of PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The relative risks (RRs) or weighted mean differences (WMDs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to calculate the pooled effect estimates using the random effects model for categories and continuous data, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 19 RCTs comprising a total of 3220 individuals were selected for final analysis. The pooled RR suggested that ultrasound-guided techniques were associated with higher incidence of first attempt success than traditional palpation techniques (RR, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.21-1.59; P < 0.001). Moreover, we noted that ultrasound-guided techniques were associated with fewer mean attempts to success (WMD, -0.80 s; 95% CI, -1.35 to -0.25; P = 0.004) and a shorter mean time to success (WMD, -41.18 s; 95% CI, -75.43 to -6.93; P = 0.018) than traditional palpation techniques. Furthermore, individuals using ultrasound-guided techniques had a reduced risk of hematoma (RR, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.22-0.72; P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated that ultrasound-guided techniques were superior compared to traditional palpation techniques for RAC in terms of efficacy and complications.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico , Artéria Radial , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Humanos , Palpação , Artéria Radial/diagnóstico por imagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos
12.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 279: 113916, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571615

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: 25 flavors of the turquoise pill, a traditional Tibetan medicine for the treatment of various types of hepatitis, has not been investigated on its safety, especially the component mineral turquoise, which is believed to be essential but worried for its potential toxicity. AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the potential acute toxicity and function of 25 flavors of the turquoise pill and turquoise, the possible mechanism of the effects of turquoise and 25 flavors of the turquoise pill were systematically studied based on 1H NMR metabolomics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rats were administered with turquoise and 25 flavors of the turquoise pill by gavage for 7 days, and samples of serum, liver, and kidney were collected. The potential toxicity and function of turquoise and 25 flavors of the turquoise pill on the liver and kidney of SD rats were evaluated by 1H NMR metabonomics, histopathology, and biochemical indexes. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that 25 flavors of the turquoise pill could scavenge free oxygen radicals, strengthen aerobic respiration and inhibit glycolysis in the liver. It did not cause oxidative stress in the kidney with no obvious damage. By modulation of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), 25 flavors of the turquoise pill can improve the utilization of glucose and promote aerobic respiration of the kidney. CONCLUSION: Considering the high dosage and short duration used in this study relative to their typical clinical usage, administration of 25 flavors of the turquoise pill and its component mineral turquoise are safe to livers and kidneys.

13.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 737, 2021 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33531491

RESUMO

The human neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y2 receptor (Y2R) plays essential roles in food intake, bone formation and mood regulation, and has been considered an important drug target for obesity and anxiety. However, development of drugs targeting Y2R remains challenging with no success in clinical application yet. Here, we report the crystal structure of Y2R bound to a selective antagonist JNJ-31020028 at 2.8 Å resolution. The structure reveals molecular details of the ligand-binding mode of Y2R. Combined with mutagenesis studies, the Y2R structure provides insights into key factors that define antagonistic activity of diverse antagonists. Comparison with the previously determined antagonist-bound Y1R structures identified receptor-ligand interactions that play different roles in modulating receptor activation and mediating ligand selectivity. These findings deepen our understanding about molecular mechanisms of ligand recognition and subtype specificity of NPY receptors, and would enable structure-based drug design.


Assuntos
Receptores de Neuropeptídeo Y/metabolismo , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Mutagênese/genética , Mutagênese/fisiologia , Hormônios Peptídicos/farmacologia , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Piridinas/farmacologia , Receptores de Neuropeptídeo Y/genética , Difração de Raios X
14.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 49(2): 126-134, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33451941

RESUMO

This study aims to show our institute's experience in the treatment of HH and its associated facial deformities in adults and growing adolescents and to investigate condylar remodeling and volumetric changes and long-term stability of orthognathic surgery in adults. The study included consecutive patients with clinical and radiological features of HH who underwent high condylectomy with or without simultaneous orthognathic surgery from 2013 to 2018. The clinical outcomes were assessed based on functional activities, TMJ pain, and recurrence. Postoperative 3D condylar remodeling and orthognathic stability were evaluated with the use of ITK-Snap and 3D Slicer. Thirteen patients (8 females and 5 males) with a mean age of 26.3 ± 5.79 years (range; 13-34 years) were included with facial asymmetry as the chief complaint. The patients were followed up for a minimum of 12 months and a maximum of 4 years (mean; 16.85 ± 10.04). There were no postoperative complications, and all patients achieved a satisfactory functional and aesthetic outcome using a one-stage surgical procedure. There was no incidence of recurrence or further asymmetries, with long-term stability at the selected points showing a mean difference of less than ±1 mm. The affected condylar volume was significantly reduced following high condylectomy, with mean changes between T1 and T2 of -144. 80 mm3 (p = .012). However, the contralateral condylar volume remained stable, with a mean change of 2.54 mm3 (p = .881). One-stage high condylectomy and orthognathic surgery is a viable measure for the treatment of HH and associated deformities in adults. High condylectomy in early adolescence could result in termination of the disease, and aesthetic improvement with further constant orthodontist-surgeon follow-up is required.


Assuntos
Côndilo Mandibular , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estética Dentária , Assimetria Facial/diagnóstico por imagem , Assimetria Facial/patologia , Assimetria Facial/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperplasia/patologia , Hiperplasia/cirurgia , Masculino , Côndilo Mandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Côndilo Mandibular/patologia , Côndilo Mandibular/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Insect Biochem Mol Biol ; 130: 103519, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33450383

RESUMO

Methoprene-tolerant 1 (Met1) is a basic-helix-loop-helix Per/Arnt/Sim (bHLH-PAS) protein identified as the intracellular receptor of juvenile hormone (JH). JH induces phosphorylation of Met1; however, the phosphorylation site and outcomes of phosphorylation are not well characterized. In the present study, using the lepidopteran insect and serious agricultural pest Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) as a model, we showed that JH III induced threonine-phosphorylation of Met1 at threonine 393 (Thr393) in the Per-Arnt-Sim (PAS) B domain. Thr393-phosphorylation was necessary for Met1 binding to the JH response element (JHRE) to promote the transcription of Kr-h1 (encoding transcription factor Krüppel homolog 1) because Thr393-phosphorylated Met1 increased its interaction with Taiman (Tai) and prevented the Met1-Met1 association. However, JH III could not prevent Met1-Met1 association after Met1-Thr393 was mutated, suggesting that Thr393-phosphorylation is an essential mechanism by which JH prevents Met1-Met1 association. The results showed that JH induces Met1 phosphorylation on Thr393, which prevents Met1-Met1 association, enhances Met1 interaction with Tai, and promotes the binding of Met1-Tai transcription complex to the E-box in the JHRE to regulate Kr-h1 transcription.


Assuntos
Hormônios Juvenis/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/metabolismo , Mariposas/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Insetos/metabolismo , Larva/metabolismo , Metoprene/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
16.
Future Cardiol ; 17(4): 663-667, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749151

RESUMO

The COVID-19 infection adversely affects the cardiovascular system. Transthoracic echocardiography has demonstrated diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic utility. We report biventricular myocardial strain in COVID-19. Methods: Biventricular strain measurements were performed for 12 patients. Patients who were discharged were compared with those who needed intubation and/or died. Results: Seven patients were discharged and five died or needed intubation. Right ventricular strain parameters were decreased in patients with poor outcomes compared with those discharged. Left ventricular strain was decreased in both groups but was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Right ventricular strain was decreased in patients with poor outcomes and left ventricular strain was decreased regardless of outcome. Right ventricular strain measurements may be important for risk stratification and prognosis. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Disfunção Ventricular/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular/virologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Future Cardiol ; 17(4): 655-661, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034203

RESUMO

COVID-19 infection can affect the cardiovascular system. We sought to determine if left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LVGLS) is affected by COVID-19 and if this has prognostic implications. Materials & methods: Retrospective study, with LVGLS was measured in 58 COVID-19 patients. Patients discharged were compared with those who died. Results: The mean LV ejection fraction (LVEF) and LVGLS for the cohort was 52.1 and -12.9 ± 4.0%, respectively. Among 30 patients with preserved LVEF (>50%), LVGLS was -15.7 ± 2.8%, which is lower than the reference mean LVGLS for a normal, healthy population. There was no significant difference in LVGLS or LVEF when comparing patients who survived to discharge or died. Conclusion: LVGLS was reduced in COVID-19 patients, although not significantly lower in those who died compared with survivors.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Volume Sistólico
18.
Gen Comp Endocrinol ; 301: 113647, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166532

RESUMO

Irisin, encoded by fibronectin type III domain-containing protein 5 (FNDC5) gene, plays a role in energy expenditure and insulin sensitivity in mice. In fish, the function of irisin related to glucose metabolism is less reported. It may increase glucose utilization in fish. The aim of the present study was to characterize the regulatory role of irisin in glucose metabolism in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). In this study, FNDC5a and FNDC5b were isolated from common carp. The cDNA of FNDC5a and FNDC5b were 722 bp and 714 bp, encoding 221 and 207 amino acids, respectively. FNDC5a was abundantly expressed in the brain and gonad. FNDC5b was mainly expressed in brain. Different expression pattern of FNDC5a and FNDC5b under fasting/refeeding and OGTT experiment were identified. The recombinant common carp irisinA and irisinB were prepared by prokaryotic expression system. Glucose concentration was decreased in treatment with irisinA or irisinB in the in vitro and in vivo experiments. The mRNA expression levels of gluconeogenesis-related genes were significantly down-regulated, while the mRNA expression of glycolysis-related genes were significantly up-regulated after treatment with recombinant irisinA or irisinB in liver in vivo and in primary hepatocytes in vitro. Our research shows that irisin inhibits hepatic gluconeogenesis and promotes hepatic glycolysis. Taken together, this study for the first time revealed the two subtypes of FNDC5 and explored the function and mechanisms of irisinA and irisinB in fish glucose homeostasis.

19.
Burns ; 47(3): 628-633, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32900550

RESUMO

Burn injury leads to mitochondrial dysfunction and autophagy, also known as mitophagy. The alleviation of mitochondrial damage may be a potential method for the treatment of burn injury and complications. In this animal study, we analyzed the expression of mitochondrial damage- and mitophagy-related factors, specifically PINK1 and PRKN. The results showed mitochondria damage in the skin; compared with the normal control group, genes involved in the mitochondrial damage, such as Nrf-1, UQCRC2, CYC1, and NDUFA9, as well as in the mitophagy, including PINK1, PRKN, MFN1, and USP30, were differentially expressed. Furthermore, PINK1 interacted with PRKN and participated in mitophagy in the skin. In conclusion, our data reveal more about the mechanism underlying mitophagy in burns, providing a potential clinical treatment.

20.
Clin Chim Acta ; 511: 198-207, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096032

RESUMO

Vascular calcification (VC), the pathological process of hydroxyapatite mineral deposition in the vascular system, is closely associated with aging, atherosclerotic plaque formation, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Studies have shown that VC is related to cellular phenotypic changes, extracellular vesicles, disordered calcium phosphate homeostasis and an imbalance between inducers and inhibitors of VC. Unfortunately, there is currently no effective preventive or targeted treatment for this disorder. Recently, the evolution of omics technology (genomics, epigenomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics) has paved the way for elucidation of complex biochemical processes and, as such, may provide new insight on VC. Accordingly, we conducted a review of articles published over the last twenty years and herein focus on current and future potential of omics technology in clarifying mechanisms of this disease process. Identification of new biomarkers will provide additional tools in characterizing this pathology and will further assist in the development of potential therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Placa Aterosclerótica , Calcificação Vascular , Genômica , Humanos , Metabolômica , Proteômica , Calcificação Vascular/genética
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